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  • 51.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Why Heideggerian Death Anxiety is not Truly Uncanny: Existential Feelings and Psychiatric Disorders2018Ingår i: Discipline filosofiche, ISSN 1591-9625, E-ISSN 2279-7343, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 43-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to provide a phenomenology of uncanniness which shows that although Martin Heidegger in his path breaking analysis of existential anxiety and human finitude puts his finger on some key elements of what in German is known as “das Unheimliche”, this analysis falls short of displaying what it means to have a truly uncanny experience for reasons of neglecting the constitutive powers of embodiment and intersubjectivity. To understand the true nature of the uncanny, we should turn to experiences of automata, corpses, ghosts and doubles found in horror stories and to the lives of persons afflicted by certain mental disorders, such as Cotard syndrome and Capgras delusion. To feel and perceive oneself to be dead (Cotard syndrome) or family members to have been replaced by impostors (Capgras delusion) are not only more profoundly uncanny experiences than facing the general meaninglessness of life, targeted by Heidegger; they are in many ways experiences that can teach us more about the phenomenology of being-in-the-world than Heidegger’s account of existential anxiety is able to do. The experiences reported by persons suffering from such mental disorders force us to acknowledge how all pervasive and powerful so called existential feelings can be in affording – and denying – structure and content to our perceptions and thoughts when we inhabit a world.

  • 52.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Att inte kunna sluta.: Datorspel och meningen med livet2017Ingår i: Samtider: Perspektiv på 2000-talets idéhistoria / [ed] Anders Burman och Lena Lennerhed, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, s. 327-344Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 53.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    De skakades solidaritet.: Om filosofen Jan Patocka2017Ingår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 27 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 54.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    De vill förvandla människan till ett datorprogram2017Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2 juli, s. 18-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 55.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empatins fenomenologi2017Ingår i: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, s. 379-388Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Empatins fenomenologi
  • 56.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenological bioethics: medical technologies, human suffering, and the meaning of being alive2017Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging medical technologies are changing our views on human nature and what it means to be alive, healthy, and leading a good life. Reproductive technologies, genetic diagnosis, organ transplantation, and psychopharmacological drugs all raise existential questions that need to be tackled by way of philosophical analysis. Yet questions regarding the meaning of life have been strangely absent from medical ethics so far. This book brings phenomenology, the main player in the continental tradition of philosophy, to bioethics, and it does so in a comprehensive and clear manner.

    Starting out by analysing illness as an embodied, contextualized, and narrated experience, the book addresses the role of empathy, dialogue, and interpretation in the encounter between health-care professional and patient. Medical science and emerging technologies are then brought to scrutiny as endeavours that bring enormous possibilities in relieving human suffering but also great risks in transforming our fundamental life views. How are we to understand and deal with attempts to change the predicaments of coming to life and the possibilities of becoming better than well or even, eventually, surviving death?

    This is the first book to bring the phenomenological tradition, including philosophers such as Martin Heidegger, Edith Stein, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, Hans Jonas, and Charles Taylor, to answer such burning questions.

  • 57.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Posthumanisten vill vara en köttig cyborg2017Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 3 juli, s. 20-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 58.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Dan Zahavi: Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy, and Shame2016Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 83-89Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 59.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology and medicine2016Ingår i: The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine / [ed] James A. Marcum, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016, s. 205-226Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present chapter provides an overview of how phenomenology may enhance our understanding of themes central to medicine: the experience of illness, the meaning of suffering, the role of empathy and dialogue in the clinical encounter, the relationship between medical science on the one hand and medical practice on the other, and, finally, the impact of technology development on contemporary medicine. I will start out by explaining why and how a phenomenology of human embodiment is crucial to comprehend the experiences of illness in relation and contrast to biological dysfunctions of the body – diseases. I will then proceed by arguing that such an understanding of embodied illness can be developed and extended by way of comprehending the suffering of patients as embedded in a life world of human concerns. 

  • 60.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Psykiatrins etik2016Ingår i: Psykiatri / [ed] Jörgen Herlofson et al., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2 omarb., s. 69-75Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 61.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Siby, George K. and Jung, P. G. (eds.): Cultural ontology of the self in pain2016Ingår i: Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research, ISSN 0970-7794, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 515-518Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 62.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Sjukdomsbegreppet i psykiatrin2016Ingår i: Psykiatri / [ed] Jörgen Herlofson et al., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2 omarb., s. 37-43Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 63.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of empathy: a Steinian emotional account2016Ingår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 227-245Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a phenomenological account of empathy inspired by the proposal put forward by Edith Stein in her book On the Problem of Empathy, published originally 1917. By way of explicating Stein’s views, the paper aims to present a characterization of empathy that is in some aspects similar to, but yet essentially different from contemporary simulationist theories of empathy. An attempt is made to show that Stein’s proposal articulates the essential ingredients and steps involved in empathy and that her proposal can be made even more comprehensive and elucidating by stressing the emotional aspect of the empathy process. Empathy, according to such a phenomenological proposal, is to be understood as a perceptual-imaginative feeling towards and with the other person’s experiences made possible by affective bodily schemas and being enhanced by a personal concern for her. To experience empathy does not necessarily or only mean to experience the same type of feeling as the target does; it means feeling alongside the feeling of the target in imagining and explicating a rich understanding of the experiences of the very person one is facing.

  • 64.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vad skall vi göra med ADHD i förskolan?2016Ingår i: Inifrån och utifrån: Om praktisk kunskap på förskolan / [ed] Lotte Alsterdal, Maria Pröckl, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, s. 319-335Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Vad skall vi göra med ADHD i förskolan?
  • 65.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    ADHD som en samtida kulturdiagnos2015Ingår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, nr 1, s. 56-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln görs ett försök att visa, inte hur ADHD-diagnosen har skapats av den västerländska kulturen, utan snarare hur ADHD har blivit en viktig del av vår samtida senmoderna kultur. Kulturella faktorer kan utan tvekan bidra till att en psykiatrisk diagnos blir vanligare eller ovanligare i ett samhälle över tid, och den kraftfulla ökning av antalet diagnosticerade fall av ADHD som ägt rum i Sverige och övriga västvärlden de sista trettio åren är förmodligen, åtminstone delvis, kulturell till sin natur. Men oavsett vilka de diagnosdrivande faktorerna är har neuropsykiatriska begrepp och modeller också kommit att prägla vårt sätt att uppfatta och tolka varandra som människor i olika vardagliga sammanhang under 2000-talet. På detta sätt är ADHD en kulturdiagnos och i artikeln utforskas hur ADHD-diagnosen numera inte bara är ett stigma eller ett sätt att komma i åtnjutande av resurser, utan också en form av identitet.

  • 66.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Hermeneutics, health and medicine2015Ingår i: Routledge Companion to Hermeneutics / [ed] Gander, H-H. and Malpas, J., London: Routledge, 2015, s. 550-560Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 67.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Jenny Slatman: Our Strange Body: Philosophical Reflections on Identity and Medical Intervention2015Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 135-138Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 68.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Organ transplantation ethics from the perspective of embodied personhood2015Ingår i: The Routledge Companion to Bioethics / [ed] Arras, J., Fenton E., and Kukla, R., London: Routledge, 2015, s. 570-580Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 69.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    På spaning efter det goda dödandet2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 5 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 70.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The lived body and personal identity: The ontology of exiled body parts2015Ingår i: Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing: Perspectives on Giving, Selling and Sharing Bodies / [ed] Erik Malmqvist and Kristin Zeiler, Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, s. 19-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will attempt to develop a phenomenology of parts of the human body that have been removed from their site of origin but nevertheless preserve their “aliveness.” What happens when human body parts are stored in the medical laboratory and are even being transformed or cultivated there? How are we to view the ontological and ethical status of cells and organs that are being transplanted from one human body to another? Do these body parts preserve some kind of relationship to their source of origin: that is, the person from whom they have been retrieved? Do they belong to the person they originate from and, if so, in what way? What implications does this type of ownership have for ethical analysis? In some cases, at least, would the concept of sharing be more adequate in describing transfer of body parts between persons than the idea of a gift being made?

  • 71.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of chronic pain: embodiment and alienation2015Ingår i: Continental philosophy review, ISSN 1387-2842, E-ISSN 1573-0611, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 107-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article develops a phenomenological exploration of chronic pain from a first-person perspective that can serve to enrich the medical third-person perspective. The experience of chronic pain is found to be a feeling in which we become alienated from the workings of our own bodies. The bodily-based mood of alienation is extended, however, in penetrating the whole world of the chronic pain sufferer, making her entire life unhomelike. Furthermore, the pain mood not only opens up the world as having an alien quality, it also makes the world more lonesome and poor by forcing the sufferer to attend to the workings of her own body. To suffer pain is to find oneself in a situation of passivity in relation to the hurtful experiences one is undergoing. In making the body and the world more unhomelike places to be in, pain also tends to rob a person of her language. Severe pain is hard to describe because it pushes the person towards the borderlines of imaginable experience and because it makes it hard to see any meaning and purpose in the situation one has been forced into. The analysis of chronic pain in the article is guided by the attempts made by Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Martin Heidegger to understand the nature of human embodiment and existence, and also by descriptions of chronic pain found in the Swedish author Lars Gustafsson’s novel The Death of a Beekeeper.

  • 72.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The relationship between empathy and sympathy in good health care2015Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 267-277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas empathy is most often looked upon as a virtue and essential skill in contemporary health care, the relationship to sympathy is more complicated. Empathic approaches that lead to emotional arousal on the part of the health care professional and strong feelings for the individual patient run the risk of becoming unprofessional in nature and having the effect of so-called compassion fatigue or burnout. In this paper I want to show that approaches to empathy in health care that attempt to solve these problems by cutting empathy loose from sympathy-from empathic concern-are mistaken. Instead, I argue, a certain kind of sympathy, which I call professional concern, is a necessary ingredient in good health care. Feeling oneself into the experiences and situation of the patient cannot be pursued without caring for the patient in question if the empathy is going to be successful. Sympathy is not only a thing that empathy makes possible and more or less spontaneously provides a way for but is something that we find at work in connection to empathy itself. In the paper I try to show how empathy is a particular form of emotion in which I feel with, about, and for the other person in developing an interpretation of his predicament. The with and for aspects of the empathy process are typically infused by a sympathy for the person one is empathizing with. Sympathy can be modulated into other ways of feeling with and for the person in the empathy process, but these sympathy-replacement feelings nevertheless always display some form of motivating concern for the target. Such an understanding of empathy is of particular importance for health care and other professions dealing with suffering clients.

  • 73.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vi har förlorat känslan för lidandet2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 20 oktoberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 74.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Diagnosing mental disorders and saving the normal: American Psychiatric Association, 2013. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. American Psychiatric Publishing: Washington, DC. 991 pp., ISBN: 978-0890425558. Price: $122.702014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 241-244Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 75.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empathy as a necessary condition of phronesis: a line of thought for medical ethics2014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 293-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is a thing constantly asked for and stressed as a central skill and character trait of the good physician and nurse. To be a good doctor or a good nurse one needs to be empathic-one needs to be able to feel and understand the needs and wishes of patients in order to help them in the best possible way, in a medical, as well as in an ethical sense. The problem with most studies of empathy in medicine is that empathy is poorly defined and tends to overlap with other related things, such as emotional contagion, sympathy, or a caring personality in general. It is far from clear how empathy fits into the general picture of medical ethics and the framework of norms that are most often stressed there, such as respect for autonomy and beneficience. How are we to look upon the role and importance of empathy in medical ethics? Is empathy an affective and/or cognitive phenomenon only, or does it carry moral significance in itself as a skill and/or virtue? How does empathy attain moral importance for medicine? In this paper I will attempt to show that a comparison with the Aristotelian concept of phronesis makes it easier to see what empathy is and how it fits into the general picture of medical ethics. I will argue that empathy is a basic condition and source of moral knowledge by being the feeling component of phronesis, and, by the same power, it is also a motivation for acting in a good way.

  • 76.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    En revolution för reproduktionen2014Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 18 juniArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 77.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology2014Ingår i: The Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics / [ed] ten Have, Henk, Dordrecht: Springer, 2014, s. 1-10Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Phenomenology is a research tradition in German and French philosophy which has had an influence in many other fields and disciplines, recently also in medicine and nursing. The main idea of phenomenology is to study the structure and content of lived experience from the first-person perspective. This chapter provides an overview of three different ways in which phenomenology has proved useful as a method and inspiration for bioethics so far and how it could do so in the future. Phenomenological bioethics can be carried out either as an integrated part of, or as a critical perspective on, principle-based bioethics. Phenomenology can be used either to inform the application of principles by way of describing the experiences of moral dilemmas, or to criticise the contemporary set-up of bioethics and offer alternative approaches. The critical alternatives may be more or less radical in nature: offering alternative principles or abandoning the idea of application altogether. Phenomenological bioethics may also be viewed as an attempt to strengthen and thicken the philosophical anthropology implicitly present in contemporary bioethical studies by focusing on themes such as body, psyche, life, death, authenticity, suffering, vulnerability, empathy, compassion, integrity, dialogue, gift, and responsibility.

  • 78.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Psykiatrins hemeneutik: Om samtalets möjligheter och diagnosens makt2014Ingår i: Hans-Georg Gadamer och hermeneutikens aktualitet / [ed] Anders Burman, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2014, s. 171-192Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 79.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Robert Whitaker: Pillerparadoxen: varför lider fler och fler av psykiska problem när medicinerna bara blir bättre och bättre?2014Ingår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 3, s. 27-28Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 80.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The body uncanny: Alienation, illness, and anorexia nervosa2014Ingår i: Feminist phenomenology and medicine / [ed] Zeiler, Kristin & Folkmarson Käll, Lisa, New York: SUNY Press, 2014, s. 201-221Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the basic idea of bodily phenomenology the body is exactly the center and vehicle of my whole existence: I am as a body which feels, acts and thinks in my different ways of making myself at home in the world. The lived body, however, is not only my most fundamental home, it is also a creature with a life of its own that harbors autonomous powers. Sometimes this autonomy of the body turns alien  in the sense that it changes my basic being at home with it (as it) into an experience of bodily alienation: the body becomes not only mine, but also other to me in an uncanny way. In the chapter some such forms of bodily uncanniness are identified and related to the example of anorexia nervosa. This analysis helps us to discern different ways in which our bodies can turn up as alien to us and what types of processes (biological, emotional-cognitive, social-cultural) the forms of otherness in question are tied to. Anorexia nervosa displays several such ways of being alienated from one’s body in an uncanny way. These include forms of alienation that can be found in somatic illness, but they also concern ways of being objectified in an everyday manner in the social world by the gazes of others, finding oneself in a cultural pattern of norms regarding the feminine, the healthy, the beautiful, and the successful. The alienating gazes of the others are soon made into a self-surveying gaze by the anorexic girl, in the process of which the image of the own body is made increasingly unrealistic and self-punishing. Anorexia, in most cases, is set off by cultural influences, but when the starvation and over-exercise have been brought into play, the malnourished body as a kind of self-defence inflicts moods that make its bearer strangely disembodied, increasingly apprehending the body as a thing, and a thing that is still not thin enough, despite its now uncannily thin look to others.

  • 81.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of empathy in medicine: an introduction2014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 245-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an introduction to a thematic section on the phenomenology of empathy in medicine, attempting to provide an expose of the field. It also provides introductions to the individual articles of the thematic section.

  • 82.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of suffering in medicine and bioethics2014Ingår i: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, ISSN 1386-7415, E-ISSN 1573-0980, Vol. 35, nr 6, s. 407-420Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article develops a phenomenology of suffering with an emphasis on matters relevant to medical practice and bioethics. An attempt is made to explain how suffering can involve many different things-bodily pains, inability to carry out everyday actions, and failure to realize core life values-and yet be a distinct phenomenon. Proceeding from and expanding upon analyses found in the works of Eric Cassell and Elaine Scarry, suffering is found to be a potentially alienating mood overcoming the person and engaging her in a struggle to remain at home in the face of loss of meaning and purpose in life. Suffering involves painful experiences at different levels that are connected through the suffering-mood but are nevertheless distinguishable by being primarily about (1) my embodiment, (2) my engagements in the world together with others, and (3) my core life values. Suffering is in essence a feeling (a mood), but as such, it has implications for and involves the person's entire life: how she acts in the world, communicates with others, and understands and looks upon her priorities and goals in life. Suffering-moods are typically intense and painful in nature, but they may also display a rather subconscious quality in presenting things in the world and my life as a whole in an alienating way. In such situations, we are not focused directly upon the suffering-mood-as in the cases of pain and other bodily ailments-but rather, upon the things that the mood presents to us: not only our bodies, but also other things in the world that prevent us from having a good life and being the persons we want to be. Such suffering may in many cases be transformed or at least mitigated by a person's identifying and changing her core life values and in such a manner reinterpreting her life story to become an easier and more rewarding one to live under the present circumstances.

  • 83.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Anorexia Nervosa and the Body Uncanny: A Phenomenological Approach2013Ingår i: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 81-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anorexia nervosa is a disorder that is closely related to questions of selfhood and social roles. The pursuit of excessive thinness is part of a search for identity in which the control of the body—its size and needs— becomes central. This need for control appears to be triggered by a state of bodily alienation in which the body is perceived to be foreign and horrifying to its bearer. The relentless dieting and excessive exercise pursued by the anorexic person eventually leads to a state of starvation in which the relationship of control between the person and her body becomes reversed: the body now controls the thoughts, feelings and actions of the anorexic person in an uncanny and life threatening way. In this paper an attempt is made to better understand the ways in which the body becomes alien in anorexia nervosa by way of a phenomenological analysis. The analysis is exemplified and supported by stories told by girls suffering from the illness. The aim of the paper is to show that anorexia nervosa is neither a bodily dysfunction, nor a cultural product, only. Rather, the disorder is best understood as an illness in which the autonomous nature of one’s own body becomes overwhelming in a fatal and characteristic way. The different ways of becoming bodily alienated interact in anorexia in establishing an uncanniness of the body that is both conspicuous—to people around the ill person—and hard to escape—for the person herself.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    anorexiaSvenaeus
  • 84.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Depression and the Self: Bodily Resonance and Attuned Being-in-the-World2013Ingår i: Journal of consciousness studies, ISSN 1355-8250, E-ISSN 2051-2201, Vol. 20, nr 7-8, s. 15-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will explore the relationship between selfhood and depression, by focusing upon the lived body’s capacity to “resonate” with the world and thus open up an “attuned” space of meaning. Persons will become differently tuned in different situations because they embody different patterns of resonance—what is most often referred to as different temperaments—but the self may also suffer from idiosyncrasies in mood profile that develop into deficiencies of resonance, making the person in question ill. In many cases of depression one might describe this as a being out of tune in the sense of being oversensitive to the sad, anxious and boring tune qualities of the world. This phenomenological model allows us to describe a spectrum of various normal sensitivities which might favor certain moods over others, but also to identify pathologies, like depression, in which the body is out of tune and makes the being-in-the-world overwhelmingly unhomelike.

  • 85.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Diagnos som befriar2013Ingår i: Modern psykologi, ISSN 2000-4087, nr 6, s. 40-43Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 86.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Homo patologicus: Medicinska diagnoser i vår tid2013Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Diagnoser som ångestsyndrom, depression, ADHD, fetma och datorspelsberoende har snabbt ökat i omfattning och de är intimt sammankopplade med den tid vi lever i. Varför har det blivit så svårt att sluta? Sluta oroa sig. Sluta förtvivla. Sluta äta. Sluta stöka. Sluta spela. Varför kan vissa men inte andra låta bli? Och när beror det på att man är sjuk?

    Med utgångspunkt i egna erfarenheter och ett skärskådande av forskningsläget om olika diagnoser tar författaren pulsen på vår samtid. Människan har alltid varit en lidande varelse. Nu lider hon också på den medicinska vetenskapens vis, som en ”homo patologicus”. Men vad är egentligen en medicinsk diagnos? Varför har diagnoser blivit så viktiga för oss i vårt vardagsliv? Vilken betydelse får psykiatriska diagnosmanualer som DSM för vår syn på människan och hur hon skall hjälpas i hälso- och sjukvården?

  • 87.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Kroppen som gåva, resurs eller vara: Transplantationsetiska dilemman2013Ingår i: Kroppen i humanioraperspektiv / [ed] Palm, Anders och Stenström, Johan, Lund: Makadam Förlag, 2013, s. 53-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 88.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Livet, tänkandet och driften mot oordning2013Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 18 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 89.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Naturalisticand Phenomenological Theories of Health: Distinctions and Connections2013Ingår i: Human Experience and Nature: Examining the Relationship between Phenomenology and Naturalism / [ed] Havi Carel and Darian Meacham, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I present and compare the philosophies and ideas behind naturalistic theories of health on the one hand and phenomenological theories of health on the other. The basic difference between the two sets of theories is no doubt that whereas naturalistic theories claim to rest on value neutral concepts, such as normal biological function, the phenomenological suggestions for theories of health take their starting point in what is often named intentionality: meaningful stances taken by the embodied person in experiencing and understanding her situation and taking action in the world.

    Although naturalism and phenomenology are fundamentally different in their approach to understand and define health, they are not necessarily opposed when it comes to understanding the predicament of ill persons. Naturalism can afford phenomenology an important strategic importance in finding clues for medical investigations, just as phenomenology can envelop a naturalistic understanding of diseases. Furthermore, the two theories display similarities in their emphasis of embodiment as the central element of health theory and in their stress on the alien nature of the body displayed in illness. Theories of biology and phenomenology are, indeed, companionable and in many cases also mutually supportive in the realms of health and illness.

  • 90.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Psychopharmacology and the Self2013Ingår i: Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry / [ed] K. W. M Fulford et al., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, s. 1171-1184Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 91.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Body as Alien, Unhomelike and Uncanny: Some Further Clarifications2013Ingår i: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 99-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 92.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The relevance of Heidegger's philosophy of technology for biomedical ethics2013Ingår i: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, ISSN 1386-7415, E-ISSN 1573-0980, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Heidegger's thoughts on modern technology have received much attention in many disciplines and fields, but, with a few exceptions, the influence has been sparse in biomedical ethics. The reason for this might be that Heidegger's position has been misinterpreted as being generally hostile towards modern science and technology, and the fact that Heidegger himself never subjected medical technologies to scrutiny but was concerned rather with industrial technology and information technology. In this paper, Heidegger's philosophy of modern technology is introduced and then brought to bear on medical technology. Its main relevance for biomedical ethics is found to be that the field needs to focus upon epistemological and ontological questions in the philosophy of medicine related to the structure and goal of medical practice. Heidegger's philosophy can help us to see how the scientific attitude in medicine must always be balanced by and integrated into a phenomenological way of understanding the life-world concerns of patients. The difference between the scientific and the phenomenological method in medicine is articulated by Heidegger as two different ways of studying the human body: as biological organism and as lived body. Medicine needs to acknowledge the priority of the lived body in addressing health as a way of being-in-the-world and not as the absence of disease only. A critical development of Heidegger's position can provide us with a criterion for distinguishing the uses of medical technologies that are compatible with such an endeavor from the technological projects that are not.

  • 93.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vi ser inte människan för alla kroppsdelar2013Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 12 marsArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 94.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    What is phenomenology of medicine?: Embodiment, illness and being-in-the-world2013Ingår i: Health, Illness and Disease: Philosophical Essays / [ed] Havi Carel, Rachel Cooper, Durham: Acumen Publishing, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 95.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Gadamer2012Ingår i: Filosofi och medicin: från Platon till Foucault / [ed] Lennart Nordenfelt, Stockholm: Thales, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 96.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Hermeneutics2012Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics: vol. 2 / [ed] Ruth Chadwick, London: Academic Press, 2012, 2, s. 574-581Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 97.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Organ Transplantation and Personal Identity: How Does Loss and Change of Organs Affect the Self?2012Ingår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 139-158Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, changes in identity and selfhood experienced through organ transplantation are analyzed from a phenomenological point of view. The chief examples are heart and face transplants. Similarities and differences between the examples are fleshed out by way of identifying three layers of selfhood in which the procedures have effects: embodied selfhood, self-reflection, and social-narrative identity. Organ transplantation is tied to processes of alienation in the three layers of selfhood, first and foremost a bodily alienation experienced through illness or injury and in going through and recovering from the operation. However, in cases in which the organ in question is taken to harbor the identity of another person, because of its symbolic qualities (the heart) or its expressive qualities (the face), the alienation process may also involve the otherness of another person making itself, at least imaginatively, known.

  • 98.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Svenaeus, FredrikSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity: Exchanging Organs, Tissues, and Cells in the 21st Century2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from three metaphors—the body as gift, resource, and commodity—the book explores the contemporary exchange of organs, tissues, and cells. Although the gift is the sanctioned metaphor for donating parts of the body, the underlying perspective from the side of states, authorities, and the medical establishment often seems to be that the body shall be understood as a resource. But medicine, as some of the contributors to this book show, is not sealed off from the market economy. Increasingly, therefore, body parts become commodities on legal as well as illegal markets.

    The chapters of the book are arranged in a way that presents, one after the other, the three metaphors of the body, starting with the body as gift, proceeding by way of the body as resource, and ending in the body as commodity. Although all three metaphors as ways of conceptualizing and making use of the human body can be found throughout human history, the present drive of commercialization will increasingly force us to identify and scrutinize the way these metaphors are used. Not only in addressing the fascinating question of what kind of an object (subject) the human body is, but also in trying to decipher what interests lurk behind the use of the metaphors in question when claiming that human bodies, organs, tissues, and cells are gifts, resources or commodities. The ambition of this volume is to address and remedy the need of a hermeneutics not only of depth, but also of suspicion, in the case of organ transplantation and other medical technologies involving the transfer of human tissues and cells.

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    The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity
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    presentationsbild
  • 99.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation: How does the Malfunction and Change of Organs have Effects on Personal Identity?2012Ingår i: The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity: Exchanging Organs,Tissues, and Cells in the 21st Century / [ed] Martin Gunnarson, Fredrik Svenaeus, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2012, s. 58-79Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation: How does the Malfunction and Change of Organs have Effects on Personal Identity?
  • 100.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vikten av kropp: [Recension av:] Helena Dahlberg. ”Vikten av kropp: Frågan om kött och människa i Maurice Merleau-Pontys Le Visible et l’invisible”, [doktorsavhandling,] Göteborgs universitet, 20112012Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 251-256Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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