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  • 51.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    "Intuitive, receptive, dark": Negotiations of femininity in the contemporary Satanic and Left-hand Path milieu2013In: International Journal for the Study of New Religions, ISSN 2041-9511, E-ISSN 2041-952X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 201-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses some of the debates over the construction of gender taking place in the satanic and Left-hand Path (LHP) milieu, in particular the different varieties of upvaluing of “the feminine.” This includes disputes over what the term feminism entails, what the best strategies for women to gain more power are, and if “feminine” is an essence that can be contrasted with a fixed “masculine.”

    Notions of gender polarity as necessary for magical practice or cosmic balance are given special attention, as are borrowings from feminist terminology (e.g. “patriar- chy”) by figures that are far from feminist in orientation. Aside from tex- tual sources, the article draws on communication with 44 informants.    

    Three basic approaches to gender can be discerned in the milieu:  1) Gender as an insignificant category, 2) Gender as a natural polarity, 3) Gender as false consciousness. Of these, number two is the most common, while number one is quite seldom seen—gender is a major issue, one way or another. Femininity is frequently discussed by both men and women, while masculinity is a less popular topic. Femininity, then, is a particularly contested matter in the milieu.

    Overall, the dominant view of gender is that the two sexes should be strictly dichotomized. The article concludes that with some exceptions most organizations in the milieu are numerically dominated by men. However, some important groups have periodically been led by women, and there are several female key producers of ideology. The partly reactionary views concerning gender issues held by some female leaders indicate that female leadership does not necessitate that a conventional feminism would permeate the organization. Further, it is difficult to see any absolute correlation between female leadership and upvaluing of the feminine in mythology. Moreover, the article demonstrates, such upvaluing does not in itself always signify an underlying ideology of political feminism.

  • 52.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Post-Satanism, Left-Hand Paths, and Beyond: Visiting the Margins2013In: The Devil’s Party: Satanism in Modernity / [ed] Faxneld, Per & Petersen, Jesper Aa., New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 205-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Secret Lineages and De Facto Satanists: Anton LaVey's Use of Esoteric Tradition2013In: Contemporary Esotericism / [ed] Asprem, Egil & Granholm, Kennet, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2013, p. 72-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter investigates how Anton LaVey constructs a Satanic tradition in his texts, and to what use he puts it. It presents an interpretation of this based on LaVey’s overall ontology and view of religious and esoteric phenomena. LaVey both utilizes historical predecessors in a way that is common within Western esotercism in general, and breaks with this common usage. Discarding most of the old esoteric and Satanic material as ineffectual and outdated, he paradoxically still emerges as dependent on it. The chapter argues that the prime function of tradition for LaVey is not legitimization, as perhaps would be expected. Rather, he seems to deem tradition most useful for bringing about certain psychological effects in a framework where one practises the ‘willing suspension of disbelief’ in a limited context, playfully creating the right atmosphere for Satanic activities. The mechanics of tradition are thus openly displayed and consciously utilized as mood‐creating spectacle for purely instrumental purposes. Hence, LaVey’s references to secret lineages should not be considered a counterfeiting of tradition, since he is quite openly playing with the psychological effects of (a more or less fictitious) tradition, and inviting others to take part in this game.

  • 54.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Devil is Red: Socialist Satanism in the Nineteenth Century2013In: Numen, ISSN 0029-5973, E-ISSN 1568-5276, Vol. 60, no 5-6, p. 528-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the nineteenth century, socialists all over the Western world employed Satan as a symbol of the workers’ emancipation from capitalist tyranny and the toppling of the Christian Church, which they perceived as a protector of this oppressive system. Starting with the English Romantics at the end of the eighteenth century, European radicals developed a discourse of symbolic Satanism, which was put to use by major names in socialism like Godwin, Proudhon, and Bakunin. This shock tactic became especially widespread in turn-of-the-century Sweden, and accordingly the article focuses on the many examples of explicit socialist Satanism in that country. They are contextualized by showing the parallels to, among other things, use of Lucifer as a positive symbol in the realm of alternative spirituality, specifically the Theosophical Society. A number of reasons for why Satan gained such popularity among socialists are suggested, and the sometimes blurry line separating the rhetoric of symbolic Satanism from actual religious writing is scrutinized.

  • 55.
    Faxneld, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Petersen, Jesper AagaardNorwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    The Devil's Party: Satanism in Modernity2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-declared Satanism is a controversial topic, which has largely been neglected by academia. This book fills that gap, with twelve scholars presenting cutting-edge research from the emerging field of Satanism studies. Topics covered range from early literary Satanists like Blake and Shelley over the Californian Church of Satan of the 1960s to the radical developments the Satanic milieu have undergone in recent decades. With a levelheaded and detached approach, the contributors analyze facets of the phenomenon such as conversion to Satanism, connections between Satanism and political violence, 19th century decadent Satanism, transgression, conspiracy theory, and the construction of Satanic scripture. A wide array of methods are employed to shed light on the Devil's disciples: statistical surveys, anthropological field studies, philological examination of The Satanic Bible, contextual analysis of literary texts, careful scrutiny of obscure historical records, and close readings of key Satanic writings. The book will be an invaluable resource for everyone interested in Satanism as a philosophical or religious position of alterity rather than an imagined other.

  • 56.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Question of History: Precursors and Currents2013In: The Devil’s Party: Satanism in Modernity / [ed] Faxneld, Per & Petersen, Jesper Aa., New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 19-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Witches, Anarchism and Evolutionism: Stanislaw Przybyszewski’s fin-de-siècle Satanism and the Demonic Feminine2013In: The Devil’s Party: Satanism in Modernity / [ed] Per Faxneld, Jesper Aa. Petersen, New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 53-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents the Satanism propagated by the Decadent author Stanislaw Przybyszewski (1868–1927), and interprets the role women play in it. Unlike other literary Satanists, Przybyszewski's sympathy for the Devil was sustained through many works, he publicly declared himself a Satanist and the ideas were well-developed enough to be called a system. Przybyszewski, the chapter argues, was therefore “the first Satanist” in a strict sense. The core themes in his thinking are a celebration of evolution (anchored in social Darwinism) and sexual lust, a pessimist view of human existence, and lastly a nihilist anarchist will to destruction, all presented using a shock tactic of semantic inversion typical of the Decadent movement, turning “evil”, “degeneration” and other usually obviously negative words into designations for something positive. Reading Przybyszewski's seemingly misogynist texts about witches within this framework, a plausible interpretation is that he is not at all slandering her but rather pays homage to her as a vitally necessary representative of the evolutionary “good evil” his system is centered around.

  • 58.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Blavatsky the Satanist: Luciferianism in Theosophy, and its Feminist Implications2012In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 203-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    H. P. Blavatsky’s influential The Secret Doctrine (1888), one of the foundation texts of Theosophy, contains chapters propagating an unembarrassed Satanism. Theosophical sympathy for the Devil also extended to the name of their journal Lucifer, and discussions conducted in it. To Blavatsky, Satan is a cultural hero akin to Prometheus. According to her reinterpretation of the Christian myth of the Fall in Genesis 3, Satan in the shape of the serpent brings gnosis and liberates mankind. The present article situates these ideas in a wider nineteenth-century context, where some poets and Socialist thinkers held similar ideas and a counter-hegemonic reading of the Fall had far-reaching feminist implications. Additionally, influences on Blavatsky from French occultism and research on Gnosticism are discussed, and the instrumental value of Satanist shock tactics is considered. The article concludes that esoteric ideas cannot be viewed in isolation from politics and the world at large. Rather, they should be analyzed both as part of a religious cosmology and as having strategic polemical and didactic functions related to political debates, or, at the very least, carrying potential entailments for the latter.

  • 59.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Review: Jesper Aagaard Petersen (ed.), Contemporary Religious Satanism: A Critical Anthology2012In: Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 1567-9896, E-ISSN 1570-0593, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 170-177Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Blood, Sperm and Astral Energy-Suckers: Edvard Munch's Vampire2011In: eMunch.no: Text and Image / [ed] Mai Britt Guleng, Oslo: Munch Museum , 2011, p. 187-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Replik Religionskritik: Ibland är generaliseringar rimliga2011In: Svenska Dagbladet (onlineupplagan), ISSN 1101-2412, no 19 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Review of Christopher Partridge & Eric Christianson (eds.) The Lure of the Dark Side. Satan and Western Demonology in Popular Culture (2009)2011In: Numen, ISSN 0029-5973, E-ISSN 1568-5276, Vol. 58, no 2-3, p. 408-413Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Strange Case of Ben Kadosh: A Luciferian Pamphlet from 1906 and its Current Renaissance2011In: Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 1567-9896, E-ISSN 1570-0593, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    In diesem Aufsatz wird ein früher und ziemlich unbekannter Satanist namens Ben Kadosh behandelt (Carl William Hansen 1872-1936), der in Dänemark am Anfang des 20en Jahrhunderts tätig war. Kadosh hat in der Gründung mehreren Freimauerlogen teilgenommen und stand mit einer Reihe von wohlbekannten esoterischen und literarischen Persönlischkeiten in Verbindung. Als sein System eine eklektische Mischung darstellte, wo der griechische Gott Pan beispielsweise mit Gnostizismus, Freimauermystizismus und Lobpreisungen von Luzifer verbunden wird, können verschiedene möglische Influenzen auf seine Lehre angeführt werden. Es ist ganz unwahrscheinlich, daß Kadosch in seiner Zeit mehrere Anhänger gewonnen hat. Heutzutage sind aber seine Idéen von einer Gruppe rehabilitiert worden, die hauptsätzlich in Dänemark und Schweden aktiv ist. Wichtiger für die Anhänger dieser Gruppe erscheint die Verwendung von Kadosh als ein Werkzeug um ihre eigene Wirksamkeit Legitimität und historische Würzeln zu geben, als für die eigentliche Fortsetzung seiner Gedanken zu sorgen.

  • 64.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    En Lucifer för vår tid: Esoterism och postmodernitet i Arturo Pérez-Revertes Dumasklubben2010In: Förborgade tecken: Esoterism i västerländsk litteratur / [ed] Faxneld, Per & Fyhr, Mattias, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2010, p. 273-289Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Faxneld, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Fyhr, MattiasStockholms universitet / Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Förborgade tecken: Esoterism i västerländsk litteratur2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Inledning: Esoterism, litteratur och definitioner2010In: Förborgade tecken: Esoterism i västerländsk litteratur / [ed] Faxneld, Per & Fyhr, Mattias, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2010, p. 7-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Woman Liberated by the Devil in Four Gothic Novels: William Beckford’s Vathek (1786), Matthew Lewis’ The Monk (1796), Charlotte Dacre’s Zofloya or The Moor (1806) and Charles Maturin’s Melmoth the Wanderer (1820)2010In: Grotesque Femininities: Evil, women and the Feminine / [ed] Barrett, M., Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2010, p. 27-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Recension: Kennet Granholm (red.) Perspektiv på esoterisk nyandlighet: Åbo Akademi 20082009In: Aura. Tidskrift för akademiska studier av nyreligiositet, ISSN 2000-4419, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 118-123Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mörkrets apostlar: satanism i äldre tid2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of which types of Satanism were present before the founding of the Church of Satan in 1966. The conclusion is that very few individuals or organisations prior to 1966 could reasonably be labelled Satanists, but that a few examples can in fact be found, and that some of these should be considered important for the development of the forms of Satanism that we can observe today.

  • 70. Faxneld, Per
    Problematiskt med Satan som god förebild2006In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 22 juni, p. 79-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    The pentagram-spangled banner: Satanism i USA2005In: Subaltern 2: Amerika, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2005, p. 192-201Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 72. Faxneld, Per
    Boris Karloff som minnesvärd mumie2004In: Minotauren, ISSN 1103-7555, no 23, p. 19-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 73.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Den djävulska vampyren: En tolkning av filmen Nosferatu2004In: I nattens korridorer: Artiklar om skräck och mörk fantasy / [ed] Rickard Berghorn & Mattias Fyhr, Saltsjö-Boo: Aleph , 2004, p. 76-79Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ett vilddjur vars namn är 666: Om den verklige Aleister Crowley2004In: Minotauren, ISSN 1103-7555, no 24, p. 7-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 75.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Snökvinnor och djävulska spiralmönster: Skräckfilmens historia i Japan2004In: I nattens korridorer: Artiklar om skräck och mörk fantasy / [ed] Rickard Berghorn & Mattias Fyhr, Saltsjö-Boo: Aleph , 2004, p. 179-188Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 76.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    "They won't stay dead!": Zombiefilmens utveckling2004In: I nattens korridorer: Artiklar om skräck och mörk fantasy / [ed] Rickard Berghorn & Mattias Fyhr, Saltsjö-Boo: Aleph , 2004, p. 80-87Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
12 51 - 76 of 76
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