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  • 251.
    Nilsson, Anna
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Att gräva eller att inte gräva - det är frågan: om arkeologi och havererade flygplan2008In: Samtidsarkeologi - varför gräva i det nära förflutna?: rapport från en session vid konferensen IX Nordic TAG i Århus 2007 / [ed] Mats Burström, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2008, p. 33-39Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Beacon of Liberty: Role Conceptions, Crises and Stability in Georgia’s Foreign Policy, 2004–20122015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004, Mikheil Saakashvili was elected president in Georgia, committing to a foreign policy that would ostensibly make his country a leading example of reform and democratization in the post-Soviet space, and a net-contributor to Euro-Atlantic security. Throughout its time in power and until its defeat in Georgia’s 2012 parliamentary elections, the Saakashvili government remained steadfast in its commitment to establishing these international roles for Georgia, despite developments in both the country’s international and domestic contexts that could plausibly have made these roles, and the foreign policy decisions deriving from them, redundant.

    This dissertation explores the relationship between national role conceptions (NRCs) and foreign policy stability. It demonstrates how Georgia’s NRCs as a Beacon of Liberty and a Net-Security Contributor, evolving specifically in the relationship between the Georgian and U.S. governments during these years, contributed to stability in Georgia’s foreign policy. Yet these NRCs were also subjected to serious challenges, particularly relating to two crises ensuing over the November 2007 riots in Tbilisi and the August 2008 war between Georgia and Russia. In both cases, the Georgian government was subjected to conflicting imperatives emanating from its own role conceptions, the expectations voiced by its U.S. counterparts, and the immediate demands of crisis decision making.

    Drawing on recent advances in foreign policy role theory and crisis management theory, two social mechanisms are developed, role location and role conflict management. Role location is a long-term process of interaction between the actor and significant others, resulting in a gradual harmonization of role expectations and intentions. Role conflict management instead represents the actor’s handling of potentially disruptive moments, raising questions about the credibility and legitimacy of existing NRCs in the eyes of others, and confronting the actor with choices regarding stability and change in existing NRCs.

    The framework is applied in an analysis of the Georgian government’s foreign policy vis-à-vis the U.S. in the years 2004-2012, with particular attention to the disruptive effects of the crises in 2007-2008, and the actions taken to address the resulting role conflicts. The analysis draws on unique first-hand material, including interviews with members of the Georgian and U.S. foreign policy elites, confidential diplomatic correspondence and official speeches, to uncover the processes by which the mechanisms of role location and role conflict management played out in Georgia’s foreign policy. The dissertation concludes that the stability in Georgia’s foreign policy stemmed from the fact that the two NRCs became deeply socially embedded in Georgia’s relations with the U.S. over time, but also from the Georgian government’s ability to adapt its NRCs in response to crises, the role expectations of significant others, and contextual change. 

  • 253.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Obstacles to Building a Civic Nation: Georgia’s Armenian Minority and Conflicting Threat Perceptions2009In: Ethnopolitics, ISSN 1744-9057, E-ISSN 1744-9065, Vol. 8, p. 135-153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Norbäck Ivarsson, Lena
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Andrén, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Moros, Matthias
    Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Rostock, Germany.
    Andersen, Thorbjörn Joest
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching. University of Gävle.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Baltic Sea Coastal Eutrophication in a Thousand Year Perspective2019In: Frontiers in Environmental Science, E-ISSN 2296-665X, Vol. 7, article id 88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sediment cores from three sites along the east-coast of Sweden, north-western Baltic Proper, have been studied with respect to lithologies, geochemistry and diatom assemblages to trace and date early human impact with emphasis on nutrient discharge. The three sites Bråviken, Himmerfjärden and Ådfjärden, have been impacted to various degree during the last millennia by multiple stressors like excessive nutrient discharge and hazardous substances, leading to coastal hypoxia, eutrophication and pollution. These stressors are mainly caused by drivers in the drainage area as increased human population, changed land use and point sources as industries and a sewage treatment plant. Even though their detailed history differs, the results show similar general patterns for all three sites. We find no evidence in our data from the coastal zone supporting the hypothesis that the extensive areal distribution of hypoxia in the open Baltic Sea during the Medieval Climate Anomaly was caused by human impact. Timing of the onset of man-made eutrophication, as identified from d15N and changes in diatom composition, differs between the three sites, reflecting the site specific geography and local environmental histories of these areas. The onset of eutrophication dates to 1800 CE in Bråviken and Himmerfjärden areas, and to 1900 CE in the less urban area of Ådfjärden. We conclude that the recorded environmental changes during the last centuries are unique in a thousand year perspective.

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  • 255.
    Nordström, Anders
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Europeanization of Ukraine in the Sphere of Local Self-Governance?: The Monitoring of ECLSG Compliance in Ukraine2006In: Contemporary Change in Ukraine / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Center for Baltic & East European Studies, Södertörns högskola , 2006, p. 35-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Nordström, Anders
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Interactive Dynamics of Regulation: Exploring the Council of Europe's Monitoring of Ukraine2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a time when a host of new and untested democracies seek membership in international organisations founded on liberal norms, the question of how to include new members without jeopardizing community values has become of growing concern, particularly as the regulation of practices in sovereign states often relies on soft moral or political commitment rather than on hard legal obligation. The Council of Europe’s (CoE) monitoring of new members after entry represents a soft method of socialising newcomers. In the case of Ukraine, this process has been unusually difficult, and full of strife and open confrontation. This experience runs contrary to the belief that soft regulation is either harmonic or impossible. The aim of the thesis is to explore how a regulated process of inclusion develops over time, and to discuss how such a process can safeguard community values.

    The study shows that an interactive dynamic developed between the European and the Ukrainian levels. The political struggle in Ukraine was, through the actions of the political opposition in Ukraine and the CoE’s monitors, transformed into a contest in the CoE over how to interpret Ukraine’s membership promises. European values were protected by the evolution of a mode of governance based on responsiveness to local concerns and on public discussion. In the process, the legal and political systems of the CoE and Ukraine were intertwined in ever more complex webs of dialogue. By being grounded in both the Ukrainian and European political discourses, the process was able to sustain a critical discussion on the terms of the agreement and maintain its relevance for the actors involved. The monitoring process displays how community values and autonomy of a member state can be combined in an unexpected way without resulting in a hierarchical order. This may not fulfil the requirements of the international rule of law, but it is clearly a case of soft and responsive transnational regulation of state practices.

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  • 257.
    Nyquist, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Improved supply chain collaboration with Green industrial marketing: The case of Swedish textile service industry between 1996 and 20212022Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing environmental problems have led to increasing pressure on companies to improve their environmental performance. This means that also supply chains must become greener, which has contributed to new challenges when it comes to green collaboration and trust. Research has suggested marketing as a tool to tackle these challenges, but how to use marketing to address these concerns has yet to be explored further. The focus of this thesis is thereby to explore and clarify the possibilities to use green industrial marketing as a tool to meet these new supply chain challenges.

    In line with that, the overarching aim of the thesis is to explore and advance the understanding of green industrial marketing, with the underlying aim of merging the fields of green marketing and green supply chains. There is also the goal of contributing to companies’ knowledge about the field and thus possibly inspire improvements in green industrial marketing and green supply chain practices. These aims are met by answering two research questions. The first research question regards the practice of green industrial marketing, and how this practice has developed over time. The second research question revolves around what strategies, placing an emphasis on trust, can be identified in companies working in green industrial marketing and how these strategies can improve green supply chain collaboration.

    The literature review focuses mainly on green industrial marketing, with green marketing, the emergence of green business, industrial marketing, green supply chain management, green marketing strategies, and trust as associated theoretical fields related to green industrial marketing. The study is interpretive and qualitative with a focus on one industry, the Swedish textile service industry, during a 26-year time period. Three sub-studies have been combined to explore the phenomenon of green industrial marketing: a qualitative content analysis, a semi-structured interview study, and a minor case study.

    The results of this study can improve the understanding of green industrial marketing, both as a practice and theoretical area by describing the strategies, including strategies intended to build trust, that are practiced in markets. A typology of eight identified green industrial trust strategies have been developed. The study also contributes to discussion on the differences between industrial marketing and consumer marketing by clarifying the boundaries of green industrial marketing in relation to green consumer marketing. Among other things, the results of this study show that there is a greater relational focus in green industrial marketing compared to what exists in green consumer marketing.

    This study also contributes to a merger between the fields of green industrial marketing and green supply chain management by showing how green industrial marketing can contribute to improved collaboration within green supply chains in four ways. The first way is to convey different types of environmental information and green market positions, the second is to improve the integration and coordination of green supply chains, the third is to facilitate supplier evaluations, and the fourth is to build trust.

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    Improved supply chain collaboration with Green industrial marketing
  • 258.
    Obrenovic Johansson, Sanja
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Från kombifeminism till rörelse: Kvinnlig serbisk organisering i förändring2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about seven women’s organizations in Belgrade, Serbia and their relations to domestic and international donors during the period 2003-2006. My main research questions focus on their choices of either domestic or international cooperation partners. How and why did the women organize themselves? What factors were essential when selecting donors? In what ways were the organizations influenced by donors?

    Through interviews, with organization representatives’ concepts such as gift and reciprocity, power and dependency, trust and mistrust and collective identity emerged.  These concepts were used as points of departure for developing deeper understanding of women organizations’ choice of cooperation partners.

    The women organizations’ basically had two alternatives for cooperation: cooperation with foreign donors which offered funds, organizational development and social networks. Alternately, cooperation with local donors, which offered the equivalent except for the organizational development. Cooperation with the foreign donor has resulted in more professional attitudes to the work that have been desired by other international donors. A result is that they can compete with other women’s organizations’ for international funding. Cooperation with local donors has led to fewer resources but more independent working practices. For these women organizations’ independence was important so they choose partners who, they felt more respected this allowing them to write articles or discuss gender in the media with little external influence. Regardless of the chosen donor the reciprocity is embedded in the relation between the donor and the receiver of aid, which in various ways is beneficial for both parties.

     

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    Från kombifeminism till rörelse: Kvinnlig serbisk organisering i förändring
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  • 259.
    Odebrant, Joel
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Spår, kropp, tid: En undersökning av den måleriska gestens materialitet 1952–19652024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the materiality of the painterly gesture in painting associated with abstract expressionism and art informel. A recurring feature in the descriptions of this art is that it is said to point to, or be about, the individual artist; either as an expression of the inner life of the artist through the free, improvised strokes on the canvas, or in relation to social and historical contexts where individuality have been understood as suppressed by the effects of industrialism or by collectivist state policy. In this study, the perspective is instead directed towards the painterly gesture and its materiality. Style labels and historical explanatory models are put in brackets and the focus is instead on the painterly gesture as such. The painterly gesture is the overarching analytical concept from which the artworks are analyzed, and throughout the analytical chapters the concept is developed and deepened in an accumulative process. The aim of the thesis is to develop concepts and methods for describing and interpreting the painterly gesture from a materiality perspective. This is done by examining fifteen paintings from the late 1950s and early 1960s by nine artists from Sweden, Poland and former Czechoslovakia. The study concentrates on close analyses of the paintings with a focus on the materiality of the artworks. The analyses establish and discuss concepts and perspectives on the paintings, which represent different material, formal and theoretical aspects of the painterly gesture. The aspects of the painterly gesture treated are the painterly gesture as an abductive index; the painterly gesture as an expression of corporeality; the painterly gesture as visualizing heterochrony, i.e. a perception of time as multiple. The study suggests that the painterly gesture can be understood a material node, i.e. a branching point, which intertwines absent and present bodies, spaces and temporalities. The meaning structure of the painterly gesture is polysemic and depends on the way the materiality is included in relations both within and outside the structure of the artworks.   

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    Spår, kropp, tid: En undersökning av den måleriska gestens materialitet 1952–1965
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  • 260.
    Olsson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    I vinst och förlust: Köpmäns nätverk i 1500-talets Östersjöstäder2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to clarify how the merchant networks involved in the trade across the Baltic Sea interplayed with and contributed to create the economic culture of the Baltic Sea region. This is achieved by examining the economic, social, spatial and political aspects of the trade networks in relation to the social organisation of the early modern towns of Stockholm, Lübeck, Malmö and Reval (Tallinn) in the 16th century. The main conclusion is that the trade networks were deeply embedded in the social structures of the early modern towns, as security in trade- and credit networks was tied to property holding and membership in the sworn communities of the Baltic towns. Long-distance trade operated under conditions that set it apart from other ventures, involving a high level of geographic mobility; forming strong ties over political, legal and religious boundaries; and making great investments in risky enterprises. Yet, the merchants in the region shared common interests in safe, well-functioning and profitable trade, and this study shows that they came to develop similar conceptions of how trade relations should be arranged and conducted, which involved ideals about honesty, transparency and sharing profits and losses in a risk-bearing community.  

    This study argues that the risk-bearing community of the trade networks formed a regional burghership, assimilating visiting members from other Baltic towns in the social structure of the towns by receiving them as guests in local burghers' households, while leaving those that were not established members of this community outside, literally as well as figuratively. Building a fragile web of credit relations on the security of the social standing of the members, the trade networks were subjected to the threat that those who had received their trust would default and run from their debts, causing a rift in the web that might drag others down with them. As a counterweight to this threat, wealthy merchants would extend loans to indebted merchants, likely in exchange for loyalty and support from the debtor as well as the community protected by these interventions, as these merchants and creditors can be found practising successful careers in the town councils. To conclude, the results of this study point towards the trade- and credit networks building upon and enforcing the hierarchical power structures already present in the Baltic towns. 

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    I vinst och förlust: Köpmäns nätverk i 1500-talets Östersjöstäder
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  • 261.
    Persson, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Corporate Hegemony through Sustainability: A Study of Sustainability Standards and CSR Practices as Tools to Demobilise Community Resistance in the Albanian Oil Industry2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many critical business scholars have disregarded sustainability standards and corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities as mere window dressing, operating as a smokescreen to hide illegitimate corporate practices. Others have pointed to these activities as hegemonic articulations, as a way to strengthen corporate alliances with and dominance over other actors in society. 

    In this study I take an autoethnographic approach and focus on my previous employer, the oil company Bankers Petroleum Ltd. (Bankers) and their operations in Patos-Marinza, an area in south-central Albania where oil extraction facilities and residences lie close to one another. Through the lens of the Gramscian concept of hegemony and Political Discourse Theory, I examine three grievances raised by Patos-Marinza residents and Bankers’ response to these complaints. My analysis shows how community demands, that could otherwise have put pressure on improved corporate practices, were isolated and silenced in the name of sustainability and corporate responsibility. My conclusion is that rather than disregarding compliance to sustainability standards and CSR activities as window dressing, it is important to examine what these do in specific empirical contexts. As sustainability discourses continue to expand in the corporate world, this study highlights the need to critically examine if they foster change away from harmful business models or simply function as legitimising mechanisms that allow corporate power to grow stronger.

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    Corporate Hegemony through Sustainability: A Study of Sustainability Standards and CSR Practices as Tools to Demobilise Community Resistance in the Albanian Oil Industry
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  • 262.
    Persson, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Narrating an Oilfield in Transition2023In: Ecological Concerns in Transition: A Comparative Study on Responses to Waste and Environmental Destruction in the Region / [ed] Ninna Mörner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023, , p. 9p. 65-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The story of the Patos-Marinza Oilfeld in southern Albania is contradictory and contested, like all good stories. The history of modern Albania is contained in the chronicle of this oilfeld as it carries with it the hopes and dreams of industrial development during the Communist era, as well as the despair and environmental degradation during the breakdown of communism and the civil war following the national pyramid scheme in 1997. In recent decades, Patos-Marinza has been revitalized and modernized, attracting foreign investors, new technology, skills development and experiencing record high production. The development of the oilfeld has also been accompanied by environmental restoration through the introduction of state-of-the-art technology and the clean-up of the pollution of soil and water resources. However, Patos-Marinza has also been associated with several scandals and controversies, such as widespread poverty, excessive gas emissions, earth tremors and community protests. In the same way that the nationwide optimistic expectations on the transition to democracy and market economy have been replaced by gloomy reality and the consequential exodus of young ambitious Albanians, the development of Patos-Marinza has left many residents both disappointed and in a state of despair. Thus, when I examine the current narratives about the Patos-Marinza Oilfeld, various layers of Albanian history call for my attention. As a former oil industry consultant and employee, I spent almost fve years working at the Patos-Marinza Oilfeld and have several frst-hand experiences of its controversies. In recent years, I have revisited the Patos-Marinza Oilfeld in the role of researcher. This text uses various sources to illustrate the milestones in the development of the Patos-Marinza Oilfeld, as well as the various discourses that describe its modernization and expansion

  • 263.
    Petrogiannis, Vasileios
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörns högskola.
    What Is It That Holds A Region Together?2016In: Baltic Worlds In-house edition, p. 5-9Article in journal (Other academic)
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    WHAT IS IT THAT HOLDS A REGION TOGETHER?
  • 264.
    Petronis, Vytautas
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Constructing Lithuania: Ethnic Mapping in Tsarist Russia, ca. 1800-19142007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Up until now the discipline of history has most often used maps as a convenient tool for illustration. Scholars have thus touched only briefly upon the development of maps and their role in the processes underlying the formation of national territories and the establishment of ethnic boundaries. It is against this backdrop that the present study focuses on the use of maps and their significance during the construction of the Lithuanian ethnic/national territories in the period prior to 1914.

    The work employs a wide spatial and contextual perspective. One of its main arguments is that at the beginning of the 20th century the Russian Empire could be perceived as a multi-ethnic and regional state. Although the imperial authorities and wider public may have rejected this notion or found it problematic to accept, it was a fact which was clearly evident in the research of Russian scholars. To demonstrate this, I focus on two processes: the gradual formation of the Lithuanian ethnic space on maps, and its transformation from an ethnographical concept to an ethnic and national territory.

    The attempt to introduce a rational and optimal form of territorial governance in the Russian Empire depended on an increased level of geographical and statistical knowledge of the land and its peoples. Various investigations started in the early 18th century. A geographical perception was largely dependent on the mapping of the country, and from this perspective it can be argued that the Empire only really started to become visible in detail in around 1840, with the establishment of a stable administrative-territorial system. From this time onwards, Russian ethnographers, geographers, cartographers and statisticians started to investigate the state’s western borderlands, collecting, scrutinising and presenting information about the peoples that lived there. However, while the imperial authorities envisioned Russia as a solid “Russian” state, the work of scientists revealed that the Empire was not just regional, but also multi-ethnic.

    In the case of the Lithuanians the separation of their ethnic territory occurred most clearly after the 1863-1864 uprising, and the growth and spread of propagandistic ethnic cartography that took place in its wake, which had as its goal the Russification and de-Polonisation of the western borderlands. Although the imperial authorities were able to identify the inhabitants of the multi-ethnic North Western provinces as a result of this process, at the same time it enabled the educated and nationalistically inclined local population to begin to perceive its own ethnic space. Therefore, every ethnic line placed on a map during this period not only allowed these peoples to be ethnographically separated, but also allowed the territory to be simultaneously disassociated in a nationalistic sense from its “other” neighbours. For the Lithuanian nationalists the imperial maps and other data acted as the springboard from which they produced their own cartographic responses designed to counter the Russian and Polish points of view. The specificity of the Lithuanian maps was that even though they claimed to depict either ethnographic, or ethno-linguistic Lithuanian territory, they nonetheless emphasised Lithuania in geo-political terms, thus undermining the claims of other ethnic groups living in the border areas.

    The methods employed in this study can also be used in other contexts to undertake similar investigations on other ethnic groups, thus opening the possibility to obtain a better understanding of the evolution of particular territorial constructions, territorial conflicts, border disputes and so on. Moreover, although much work still remains to be done in developing this approach, the present study nevertheless points to the way in which a fusion of the history of cartography, historical geography and other related disciplines offers the historian a new way of understanding the past.

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  • 265.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    A Third Way for the Second World: Russia’s Ambivalent Identity2004In: Contemporary Change in Russia: In From the Margins? / [ed] Rindzeviciute, Egle, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2004, p. 31-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Den ojämna kampen: Om fyra säkerheter i Kants teori om det sublima2000In: Kants tredje kritik: Sju essäer / [ed] Liedman, Sven-Eric, Göteborg: Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion vid Göteborgs universitet , 2000, p. 25-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Från vetenskaplig socialism till socialistisk vetenskap: Reflektioner kring sovjetisk vetenskapsideologi mot bakgrund av den ryska idéhistorien2004In: Vetenskapshistoriska uppsatser / [ed] Elzinga, Aant & Nilsson, Ingemar, Göteborg: Institutionen för idéhistoria och vetenskapsteori , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Replik på Jon Åsgårds 'Det amerikanska undret'2000In: Stockholm News, ISSN 1650-0784, no 8/11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 269.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Tillbaka till framtiden: Modernitet, postmodernitet och generationsidentitet i Gorbačevs glasnost´ och perestrojka2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the concepts glasnost and perestroika during the Gorbachev era 1985–1991. It offers an explanation to the rise and fall of these concepts and casts light on their modern and postmodern implications, as well as their historical and generational preconditions. In light of the Soviet and Russian conceptual history, Gorbachev’s articulation of glasnost and perestroika is contrasted with the reception of these concepts in what at that time came to be called Russian postmodernism. Glasnost and perestroika both confirm and transcend Soviet modernity. They are both future-oriented but at the same time possess retrospective anchorage. The present study reconstructs the experience encapsulated in the concepts, the expectations they unleashed and the tensions they triggered. The Gorbachev era signaled a rupture in the temporal order of modernity. During this time Soviet modernity lost confidence in its self. With glasnost and perestroika a suppressed past opened up which blocked the futurist potential inherent in the present. The concept-theoretical perspective assumed in the dissertation helps explain essential aspects of the dramatic turn of events. Postmodernism’s relationship to the concepts is mainly antagonistic. At the same time glasnost and perestroika were essential to the self-identity creating process of postmodernism and its development of an understanding of a specific late Soviet postmodern situation. Beneath the surface a conflict evolves, constituted in intergenerational terms. The vast differences in deployment of the two key notions appear related to generation specific historical experiences. This is apparent in the glasnost- and perestroika discussions of the 19th and 20th centuries. In several respects the 20th century discourse reflects that of the 19th century. The analysis in the present dissertation demonstrates how Gorbachev, on the basis of his generation-specific experience as a man of the 1960s actively sought to articulate an alternative reconstruction (perestroika) and did so with a distinct ideological accent. The postmodernists, the last Soviet generation, bore the imprint of the stagnation of the Brezhnev era and had no ideal past to resuscitate. Instead of reconstructing social reality they tried to place themselves outside it. This apolitical stance however embodied both anti-political and political implications.

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  • 270.
    Petrusenko, Nadezda
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Stockholms universitet, Historiska institutionen.
    Creating the Revolutionary Heroines: The Case of Female Terrorists of the PSR (Russia, Beginning of the 20th Century)2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Representing revolutionary terrorists as heroes and martyrs was a typical feature of the mythology of the Russian revolutionary underground at the beginning of the 20th century. This mythology described Underground Russia, the world of the revolutionaries, as an ideal country inhabited by ideal people. The purpose of that epos was to represent the revolutionary struggle, and individual revolutionaries in such a way that they would gain sympathy from the wider public and become role models for other revolutionary fighters. Sympathetic representations of women who committed political violence seem to be especially shocking in the context of Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century, since female violent behavior contradicted the existing gender order.

    Employing theoretical perspectives of Critical Discourse Analysis, gender history and intersectionality, the dissertation analyzes the way narratives about the individual life paths of female terrorists of the Party of Socialist Revolutionaries (the PSR), the biggest socialist party in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, were constructed in their revolutionary auto/biographies. It analyzes how the lives of women from different social and ethnic origins, of different ages, with different life paths, who happened to be united only by their participation in the political terrorism of the PSR, were recounted with the help of narratives used in the Russian revolutionary underground.

    The research findings demonstrate that the accounts of the lives of female PSR terrorists were constructed with the help of the dominant narrative that was formed as a conversion story. Within the framework of that narrative, the lives of individual women were adapted to the dominant discourse of heroism and martyrdom, and at the same time were contextualized within the dominant discourse on “good” femininity that existed in the Russian society, and even within the discourse on Jews as perpetual “Others” in the Russian empire in case of Jewish women. Social and ethnic backgrounds as well as individual circumstances of the terrorist women, however, transformed the dominant narrative, and thus created diversity of representations. The discursive practice of writing a revolutionary life accepted by Bolsheviks influenced the discursive practice employed in revolutionary auto/biographies of female terrorists written during the early Soviet period.

  • 271.
    Petrusenko, Nadezda
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Undervisning om rysk historia i Sverige: Vad påverkar en kurs innehåll?2010In: Tradition och praxis i högre utbildning: Tolv ämnesdidaktiska studier / [ed] Burman, Anders, Ana Graviz, Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, p. 211-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Undervisning om rysk historia i Sverige: Vad påverkar en kurs innehåll?
  • 272.
    Philipson, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Purpose of Evolution: The 'struggle for existence' in the Russian-Jewish press 1860-19002008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In late 19th century Russia, Darwinism was viewed as a measuring-rod of modernity. Thus, the Jewish reception of Darwinism may serve as an indicator of the extent to which the Jews in Russia were part of the modernization of Russian society. But the Darwinian concept of evolution of species through natural selection is considered incompatible with a teleological worldview, including a God-given plan for creation. This thesis addresses a twofold problem. One concerns the difficulties of reconciling Darwinism with Judaism and its traditional view of a God-given purpose in creation. The other problem is to explain the possible motives of the Jewish intellectuals for using Darwinian concepts such as the ‘struggle for existence’ in journal articles in the emerging Russian-Jewish press. The study employs discourse analysis, and the concept of isomorphism from institutional theory, for the examination of key concepts, citations, implied readers and purposes in a selection of journal articles from the Russian-Jewish press of the period 1860-1900. Contrasting with the lively general Russian debate on Darwinism, the results show that the Jews in Russia were rather reluctant to discuss Darwinism in the Russian-Jewish press. Censorship, other constraints and imminent problems facing the Jews, such as defence against growing anti-Semitism, are indicated as possible causes of the minimal evidence of a Jewish reception of Darwinism that was found. It was only to the extent that Darwinian concepts such as the ‘struggle for existence’ could be employed to address these more pressing issues that they were they found useful in a Jewish context. The results further imply that the integration between Russian and Jewish intellectuals during this period was weak, as reflected by the insignificant number of references to Russian sources in the selection of Jewish journal articles that were examined.

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  • 273.
    Podolian, Olena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Challenge of ‘Stateness’ in Estonia and Ukraine2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to examine the influence of the international actors i.e. the OSCE, Council of Europe, EU and Russia, on policy and legislative adaptation in two post-Soviet countries since 1991. These are Estonia and Ukraine. The central concept analysed in the dissertation is stateness. It is defined following Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan (1996) as congruence between the territorial definition and the right of citizenship in the state, which has the monopoly on the legitimate use of force in the territory, and an effective state bureaucracy. For the analysis, certain policy areas are chosen which operationalise the dimensions of stateness: monopoly on the use of force (borders, army and police), state identity (citizenship, national minorities and language), and basic administration (public administration, education and information). In the democratisation and state-building literature, stateness is a neglected concept, as is the international influence on it. Surprisingly so, as it is an important condition for state and regime stability, especially democracy. To address this gap, the dissertation clarifies the definition of the concept of stateness and analyses the international influence on it in the two countries. This dissertation centres on the impact of the international actors as the causal factor in consolidation of stateness. To investigate this, it analyses in a systematic manner the influence of their policy demands and expectations on adaptation (i.e. policy adoption and change) in the policy areas operationalising stateness in Estonia and Ukraine. As part of the analysis, it provides a detailed overview and comparison of the policy- and legislation-making in both countries after their independence in 1991. The method chosen is a cross-case comparison carried out according to a time-periodisation approach. The analysis illustrates the converging yet context-contingent impact of the international actors in the policy areas operationalising stateness. Therefore, the main finding confirms the emerging consensus in the literature that the international actors have an increasing yet differential impact in traditionally domestic policy areas. The dissertation’s contribution is twofold. First is the theoretical and conceptual contribution to state-building in comparative European politics by clarifying the definition of the concept of stateness. Second is the empirical contribution by providing an applicable operationalisation of the concept through policy areas, which permits its empirical analysis.

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    The Challenge of ‘Stateness’ in Estonia and Ukraine
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  • 274.
    Polanska Vergara, Dominika
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Decline and revitalization in post-communist urban context: a case of the Polish city d Gdansk2008In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 359-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how different social, economic, historical and physical conditions coincide in the formation of space and processes of decline in the period of transformation in Poland. The focus lies on a specific residential area in the centre of the Polish city of Gdansk and the question why no improvements have been done in this particular area to stop its successive decline. It is among other things argued that clear urban policy together with improved urban planning and clear legislation on ownership are needed in order to improve conditions in this and other deprived areas of the city.

  • 275.
    Polanska Vergara, Dominika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Gated Communities and the Construction of Social Class Markers in Postsocialist Societies: The Case of Poland2010In: Space and Culture, ISSN 1206-3312, E-ISSN 1552-8308, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 421-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze how social class markers are constructed in the discourse on gated communities in a postsocialist urban context. The case of Poland is used as an example of apost-Communist country where the number of gated communities is increasing rapidly in urban areas. The material of study consists of 50 articles published in the largest national newspaper.

    This article argues that the discourse on gated communities is constituted by and constitutes class divisions and social class markers prevalent in the country since the fall of Communism. The “new” capitalistic system with its inherent social divisions is described as creating demands for “new” forms of housing where gates function as separators, protectors, and class identifiers. Residential differentiation is a reality in Polish society, and private space has become a symbol of exclusivity and spread throughout the country along with the popularity of gated forms of housing.

  • 276.
    Polanska Vergara, Dominika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The emergence of enclaves of wealth and poverty: A sociological study of residential differentiation in post-communist Poland2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the fall of communism, some crucial political, economic and social changes have been taking place in the former communist societies. The objective of the thesis is to examine the processes of residential differentiation taking place in the urban landscape of the Polish city of Gdańsk after the introduction of the capitalist system. The focus is on different forms of residential differentiation and the social, economic and historical factors behind these forms. The empirical material that forms the basis of the thesis consists of interviews, newspaper articles, a questionnaire, official (national and local) reports and documents. Study I examines the way in which different social, economic, historical and physical conditions coincide in the formation of space and the processes of decline in the period of transformation in Poland. The focus lies on a specific residential area in the center of Gdańsk and the lack of improvements in this particular area, which would stop its successive decline. Study II explains the emergence of gated communities in the post-communist urban context and discusses the reasons for their increasing numbers and popularity. The main argument is that the popularity of gated communities is tightly intertwined with the communist past, emerging in reaction to the housing conditions that prevailed under communism. Study III investigates how social class markers are constructed in the discourse on gated communities in post-socialist Poland. The “new” capitalistic system, with its inherent social divisions, is described in the discourse as creating demands for “new” forms of housing, where gates function as separators, protectors and class identifiers. Study IV concentrates on the support for the formation of gated communities in the legal and regulatory framework in Poland since 1989. The paper asserts that the outcome of liberal politics and legal regulation in the country is the neglect of spatial planning and imprecise urban policies.

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  • 277.
    Polanska Vergara, Dominika
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The rise of gated neighborhoods in Poland: legal and regulatory frameworkManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the support for the formation of gated communities in the legal and regulatory framework in Poland established since the fall of Communism in 1989. The focus is on how government policy with regard to spatial planning and housing, together with the law on property and ownership, affects the emergence and development of gated forms of housing in the country. The article argues that the outcome of liberal politics and legal regulation in the country is the result of a disregard for spatial planning and imprecise urban policies. Existing spatial plans are of a consultative nature and bear no regulatory capacity at the same time that spatial planning in the country is strongly in favor of landowners and new construction. In light of the present urban disarray, gated housing is an indirect result of neglected urban politics combined with loopholes in the regulations and pro-construction policies, which create a favorable environment for housing developers.

  • 278.
    Polkov, Kirill
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Queering Images of Russia in Sweden: Discursive hegemony and counter-hegemonic articulations 199120192024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the role of non-normative sexuality in the construction of national images. It focuses on how non-normative sexuality affects and is affected by Swedish constructions of the image of Russia and, by extension, Sweden’s self-image. Employing queer, feminist, and postcolonial theories, and methodologically grounded in discourse-theoretical analysis with a queer sensibility, the dissertation explores what images of Russia are constructed, negotiated, and circulated in Swedish discourse.

    The material includes mass media, examples from popular culture, art, and the club scene spanning the period 1991-2019. The analysis draws on texts and images in the five largest Swedish dailies: Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Göteborgs-Posten, Svenska Dagbladet, Expressen; video performances “Propaganda!” by Måns Zelmerlöw and “Folkkär” by Kamferdrops feat. Frej Larsson; visual arts projects, State of Mind by Axel Karlsson Rixon and Anna Viola Hallberg, as well as At the Time of the Third Reading by Axel Karlsson Rixon; and Baba Bomba Diskoteka, a series of club events held in Stockholm by a group of Russian-speaking friends.

    Analyzing the uses of non-normative sexuality across the material, the study focuses on aspects of space, temporality, and emotion. The study challenges the representational model of LGBTQ visibility by destabilizing the relationships between representation, visibility, and recognition, arguing for alternative conceptualizations of LGBTQ politics. The thesis finds that sexuality is central to shaping both hegemonic and counter-hegemonic discourses on Russia in Sweden. In hegemonic discourse, Russian LGBTQ individuals are cast into subject positions circumscribed by expectations of intelligibility and visibility, while Russia is constructed as backward and homophobic. This perpetuates Swedish sexual exceptionalism, reinforcing notions of responsibility and progress while oversimplifying the complexity of Russian LGBTQ lives. Counter-hegemonic discourses prefigure alternative imaginaries of space, temporality, and emotion. Echoing queer, feminist, and postcolonial sensibilities these articulations disrupt binary understandings of geopolitical difference and offer alternative perspectives on Russian non-normative sexuality, thereby contributing to a reconfiguration of the image of Russia.

    The thesis seeks to complicate the representational model of visibility, challenging the ideas of Russia as ethnically and sexually homogenous and Sweden as sexually exceptional, stressing the need for queerly plural visions of sexualities and nations.

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    Queering Images of Russia in Sweden: Discursive hegemony and counter-hegemonic articulations 1991–2019
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  • 279.
    Prekevicius, Nerijus
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Appraising Fourteen Years of Democratic Change in Lithuania: Institutions, Paricipation, Values2003In: Contemporary change in Lithuania / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 35-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Privalov, Roman
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Space nostalgia: the future that is only possible in the past: Why has the Day of Cosmonautics, April 12, never becomea national holiday in Russia?2022In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, no 1-2, p. 52-56Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 281.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Participation and Legitimacy: Actor Involvement for Nature Conservation2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This PhD thesis in environmental science aims to contribute to the theoretical and empirical understanding of the relation between participation and legitimacy in multi-level environmental governance.

    It is widely assumed that actor involvement has great potential to improve the legitimacy of nature conservation through long-term acceptance and target achievement. However, local resource conflicts problematize the way a relation between participation and legitimacy is depicted on other administrative levels. Studies exploring the effect that participation has on legitimacy are relatively rare, especially in multi-level arrangements of coastal conservation.

    In this thesis the relation between participation and legitimacy on the local level is examined, as well as how this relation is conditioned by multi-level governance and power. The relation is empirical studied with two local implementation processes of the Helsinki Convention’s network of marine protected areas (HELCOM MPAs). The cases are located in Sweden.

    Sweden and the Baltic Sea region are in the forefront of participation in nature conservation, and therefore act as a strong case for the exploration of institutional participation. However, despite apparent political will and international support, the efficiency of actor involvement for nature conservation has been questioned, also for the HELCOM MPA and especially on the local level.

    Based on the results of this study, I question the assumption that weak legitimacy predominantly is an issue of insufficient information sharing. The findings show that involving actors to legitimize the adoption of strict adherence to a pre-established model of conservation likely fails to create long term support for conservation. Instead, relocation of power to the affected actors seems essential in order to make participation establish legitimacy. It appears important to create room for local influence in the design, management and implementation of a particular conservation area in the particular place/context. In both examined cases, there are elements of participation that support legitimacy, for example the development of a shared vision. There are also elements that hamper legitimacy, such as, for example, the high expectations different actors have on participation to reach consensus on protective values. These unmet expectations seem to fuel conflicts of interests among actors on different levels.

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    Participation and legitimacy: Actor involvement for nature conservation
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  • 282.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Arbeiten im Bruderland: Arbeitsmigranten in der DDR und ihr Zusammenleben mit der deutschen Bevölkerung2016In: Deutschland Archiv (Online)Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Das Beste für die Nation: Vor 30 Jahren musste US-Präsident Richard Nixon wegen seiner Verwicklung in die Watergate-Affäre vom Amt zurücktreten2004In: Berliner Zeitung, no 6.8.2004Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 284.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Für eine bessere 'Bevölkerungsqualität': Ein Vergleich bevölkerungspolitischer Konzepte in Schweden 1920-19402008In: NORDEUROPAforum, ISSN 1863-639X, p. 47-67Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Having founded the rasbiologiska institutet in Uppsala under the leadership of Herman Lundborg in the 1920s, Sweden took over a leading roll in eugenic discourse. Lundborg’s concept of population policy aimed at measuring the racial value of the Swedish popula-tion and to reduce the number of “inferior population elements”. Only a couple of years later, Alva and Gunnar Myrdal assessed the decline in the Swedish birthrate to be a “population crisis”, thus turning the once volkish-conservatively coloured discourse on population policy into a part of social democratic agitation. In spite of obvious ideologi-cal and political differences between the concepts of Lundborg and the Myrdals, some continuity in the premises of their argumentation can be pointed out. In both cases the argument of “population quality” justifies the subordination of individual interests and needs to the collective of the race or the folkhemmet (the people’s home) respectively

  • 285.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Negotiating Anti-Racism: Language, Migration, and State Power in the GDR2016In: Global Humanities: studies in histories, cultures, and societies, ISSN 2199-3939, Vol. 3, p. 103-119Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 286.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Recension av] Rydström, Jens & Kati Mustola (eds.), Criminally Queer. Homosexuality and Criminal Law in Scandinavia 1842-1999, Amsterdam: Aksant 2007. ISBN 978-90-5260-245-52010In: H-Soz-u-Kult, no 31.03Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Rabenschlag, Ann-Judith
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Stockholms universitet.
    Völkerfreundschaft nach Bedarf: Ausländische Arbeitskräfte in der Wahrnehmung von Staat und Bevölkerung der DDR2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The claim to successfully have eliminated racism and xenophobia in socialist Germany was crucial for the GDR’s demarcation against the Federal Republic and for GDR’s political self-conception. According to the state party SED, both the GDR’s government and its people met with all members of the working class, regardless their ethnicity or culture, in the spirit of Völkerfreundschaft – the peoples’ friendship. In the early 1960s, suffering from a lack of work power, the GDR began to recruit foreign workers, and continued to do so up until German reunification. When workers arrived from Eastern Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia, the propositions of antiracism and peoples’ friendship were tested in practice.

    Following a discourse-analytical approach this study analyzes how the ideal of Völkerfreundschaft was dealt with and how it was exploited and altered both by citizens communicating with the state and within party-loyal circles. It examines when, why and by whom ethnicity was downplayed in favor of common class affiliation, and under which circumstances it regained importance.

    While latest research on foreigners in the GDR has focused on diagnosing the discrepancy between ideological claims and reality this study goes beyond such an approach and analyzes how this discrepancy was dealt with – both by state authorities, the state-owned factories and ordinary people – in everyday life.  

    This study is a contribution to migration research, as well as to everyday-life-history and history of mentality in the GDR.

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  • 288.
    Rat, Ramona
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Un-common Sociality: Thinking Sociality with Levinas2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present investigation develops the notion of sociality based on Emmanuel Levinas’s thought, and proposes an understanding of sociality that resists becoming a common foundation: an un-common sociality which interrupts the reciprocal shared common, and thereby, paradoxically, makes it possible. By engaging in the larger debate on community, this work gives voice to Levinas on the question of community without a common ground, a topic and a debate where he has previously been underestimated. In this way, the aim is to reveal new directions opened up by Levinas’s philosophy in order to think an un-common sociality.

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    Un-common Sociality: Thinking Sociality with Levinas
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  • 289.
    Reczuch, Aleksandra
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The post-communist legacy in the shadow of the Empire2022In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. 15, no 1-2, p. 61-66Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 290.
    Rehnlund, Mathilde
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Getting the transport right - for what?: What transport policy can tell us about the construction of sustainability2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies transport as a governing tool that shapes the physical environment and human society, as well as having environmental impacts. The aim is to learn what policy for transport can say about what sustainability means and does. My focus is Stockholm municipal policy between 2007 and 2017, a period of sustainability concerns and large transport project agreements.

    Using the What’s the problem represented to be? approach, I look at measures proposed for the ‘right’ transport of people and ask: what kind of ‘tool’ is transport produced to be, and how is sustainability constructed?

    The transport system is one of the most visible parts of the built environment and recognized for its negative impact on environmental and human health. As co-constitutive of social practices, transport is far from a mere technical issue. Despite this, transport policy studies are often technical in approach. Since policy is not a neutral response to pre-existing ‘problems’, I consider transport policy to be part of a creative process for the whole of society.

    A main contribution to the field of sustainable transport is a view of transport as a tool for governing and inherently political. Stockholm is frequently hailed as a ‘green’ city. I was interested to explore this ‘best case’ scenario and see what might consolidate the two seemingly opposing aims of greener transport and more car use. I find that Stockholm policy for transport is permeated with technological optimism, reliance on individual choices, and concern for economic growth. Policy measures construct transport as a tool to affirm the commuter paradigm and promote urban expansion. Attention to the sustainability of transport concentrates on emissions from transport work, which is to be addressed by individual consumption choices. Sustainability is associated with efficiency, technological innovation, and above all urbanity. The proposals paradoxically construct the subject as both co-responsible for problem and solution (the conscious or irresponsible consumer), and as a cog in the wheel for economic growth (the commuting worker). This disregards both the homo ludens and the citizen: play and the political. These aspects become subordinated while policy enhances the role of work.

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    Getting the transport right - for what? What transport policy can tell us about the construction of sustainability
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  • 291.
    Remling, Elise
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Adaptation, now?: Exploring the Politics of Climate Adaptation through Poststructuralist Discourse Theory2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing evidence of anthropogenic climate change and the recognition that warming is likely to go beyond 2°C raises the need for responses that help people cope with the anticipated changes. The rise of attention to so-called climate adaptation on political agendas at the local, national and international scale has come about with a hastily growing field of academic knowledge production. But while adaptation choices are inherently political, adaptation has been largely considered a ‘problem free’ process and ‘tame’ challenge; only a relatively small strand of scholarly work engages in critical enquiry into the idea of adaptation, the discursive practices through which it is imagined, and related questions of power and politics.

    Responding to calls for more attention to the socio-political dimensions of adaptation and for conceptually embedded research, this thesis investigates the creation, interpretation and use of adaptation as a concept in research, policy and practice. Drawing on Poststructuralist Discourse Theory and the so-called Logics of Critical Explanation in particular, it develops a perspective through which the politics of adaptation can be investigated in a theoretically and methodologically consistent and transparent manner. Through a close analysis of official adaptation discourses at the international level, the EU level, and the national level in Germany, the thesis enquires into the discursive practices around adaptation responses and what these different discourses open up or limit in terms of broader implications for political action.

    The contributions of the thesis are empirical, methodological and conceptual. In addition to providing critical insights into contemporary understandings of adaptation, including revealing some depoliticising ‘building blocks’ in conventional adaptation discourses, the thesis makes two important conceptual contributions to the growing field of critical adaptation studies: (1) It suggests that the increasing interconnectedness between people and places makes it impossible to know whether adaptation efforts undertaken have in reality reduced net vulnerability or simply shuffled vulnerability across the board. Ignoring the potential for such redistributive effects can have significant consequences in practice and will likely lead to unsustainable and, in the long run, maladaptive outcomes. (2) It argues that non-rational and affective dimensions are vital to the emergence of adaptation responses and that paying attention to them is important if critical scholarship is to understand and intervene in the persistence of techno-managerial approaches to adaptation. Furthermore, to the field of critical policy studies this thesis makes a methodological contribution by developing a new analytical framework for poststructuralist policy analysis.

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    Adaptation, now? Exploring the Politics of Climate Adaptation through Poststructuralist Discourse Theory
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  • 292.
    Remling, Elise
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The affective dimensions of climate adaptation: Fantasy and future-making in German adaptation policyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Constructing Soviet Cultural Policy: Cybernetics and Governance in Lithuania after World War II2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After World War I, the Soviet Union was one of the first modern states to engage explicitly in the governance of culture, which was formalised and institutionalised as state cultural policy. In this process of governance, sciences and technologies provided the state with conceptual and material resources, which were used to define both the process and the object of governance. After World War II, scientific and technological progress gave birth to a new science of control and communication, Norbert Wiener’s cybernetics, which was widely used not only in engineering, but also in the conceptualisation of humans, machines and societies. This thesis explores how cybernetics influenced the construction of cultural policy in the Soviet Union. It focuses particularly on the Soviet republic of Lithuania. The main argument is that since the 1950s a particularly powerful discourse of cybernetic governance was formed in the Soviet Union. A result of translation from techno-science, this discourse not only served the purposes of authoritarian rule, but was also used as a resource by cultural operators to criticise the Soviet government itself. By analysing organisational practices and official and public discourses, the study reveals the complexity of the relationship between governance, culture and sciences and technologies. 

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  • 294.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Contemporary Change in Belarus2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Contemporary Change in Belarus” is composed of a selection of papers presented at the seminar “Contemporary Change in Belarus,” held in the Baltic & East European Graduate School (Södertörns University College, Huddinge), November 2002.

    The book combines focused case studies that critically examine political and cultural landscapes of contemporary Belarus.

    Subjects covered include: Governance, History, National Identity.

    This volume is a resource for students of the East European countries in transition, as well as those interested in the interplay between tradition and change in the contemporary nation-state.

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  • 295.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Contemporary Change in Estonia2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary Change in Estonia” is composed of a selection of papers presented at the seminar “Contemporary Change in Estonia, ” held in the Baltic & East European Graduate School (Södertörns University College, Huddinge), April 2003.

    The book combines focused case studies that critically examine geopolitical, historical and economic landscapes of contemporary Estonia.

    Subjects covered include: Geopolitics, National Identity, Economic Transition, Reforms, History and Historiography.

    This volume is a resource for students of the East European countries in transition, as well as those interested in the interplay between tradition and change in the contemporary nation-state.

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    Contemporary Change in Estonia
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  • 296.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Contemporary Change in Lithuania2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Contemporary Change in Lithuania is composed of a selection of papers presented September 2002 at the seminar "Contemporary change in Lithuania", held in Baltic & East European Graduate School (Södertörns University College, Stockholm).

    The book combines case studies that critically examine post-communist political, social and cultural landscapes of contemporary Lithuania. Subjects covered include: Gender and Mass Media, Social Policy, Democratization, Cultural Policy and National Identity.

    This volume is a resource for students of the East Europan countries in transition, as well as those interested in interplay between tradition and change in the contemporary nation-sate.

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  • 297.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Contemporary Change in Russia: In from the Margins?2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Contemporary Change in Russia: In from the Margins” is composed of a selection of papers presented at the seminar “Contemporary Change in Estonia, ” held in the Baltic & East European Graduate School (Södertörns University College, Huddinge), 13-14 December 2002.

    The book combines focused case studies that critically examine political, historical, social and cultural landscapes of contemporary Russia.

    Subjects covered include: Geopolitics, National Identity, Social Change, Political Theory, History of Ideas and Gender.

    This volume is a resource for students of the East European countries in transition, as well as those interested in the interplay between tradition and change in the contemporary nation-state.

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  • 298.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Discursive Realities: The Construction of National Identity in the Documentation of Lithuanian Cultural Policy2003In: Contemporary change in Lithuania / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 53-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Introduction: Re-aproaching East Central Europe with Hannah Arendt2006In: Re-approaching East Central Europe: Old Region, New Institutions? / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Center for Baltic & East European Studies , 2006, p. 5-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Rindzeviciute, Egle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    "Nation" and "Europe": Re-approaching the debates about Lithuanian national identity2003In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 74-91Article in journal (Refereed)
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