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  • 201.
    Kitsos, Vasileios
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Urban policies for a contemporary periphery: Insights from eastern Russia2022Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, the notion of quality of life has been closely associated with the built urban environment and urbanistic practice. Policies addressing public space and aiming at cities’ increased international competitiveness are proliferating. The relevant body of scholarly literature is rich and has been linked to the earlier discussion on the global city and the internationalization of secondary cities under economic globalization. Many newer studies adopt a policy mobility perspective in order to capture this dynamic movement of ideas and policies. This thesis commences from this line of research. It brings into the discussion cities in the post-socialist realm, cities which otherwise remain outliers rather than contenders for international policy mobility. It is assumed that they can effortlessly inform the answer to the following question: How do peripheral and globalizing cities engage with the ideas that guide current urbanistic practice? The thesis addresses this question by drawing on unique empirical material from three case studies situated in the Russian Far East and Siberia.

    The thesis uses a multi-method research design. The analysis follows (a) the moments of normative change in addressing urban development, (b) a dynamic actor landscape, (c) resources allocated to the implementation of policies for urban improvement, and (d) physical, material output in the three examples provided, which are situated in the cities of Vladivostok, Krasnoyarsk, and Achinsk. These are associated with three processes of urban renewal that pertain to the quest for internationalization, revitalization, and participatory design – in short, for urban attractiveness and a higher quality of life. Analyzing and further conceptualizing these as processes of convergence, regulation, and compensation, the thesis highlights how the adaptation to international urbanistic practice has been linked to a recent problematizing of the notion of urbanity in the respective national and local policy landscape. Rather than relying on the analytical categorization of a post-Soviet city, the findings show that urban policy change can be explained in terms of the pursuit of contemporaneity. In addition to suggesting this refinement of theoretical concepts, the thesis highlights the conditioning of the mobilization and localization of policies by spatiotemporal specificities and precedents in eastern Russia. This is a contribution to the field of international urban studies, the literature on policy transfer, and Russian and Eurasian studies.

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  • 202.
    Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    In the shadows of Poland and Russia: the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Sweden in the European crisis of the mid-17th century2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines and analyses the Union between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Sweden signed in 1655 at Kėdainiai and the political crisis that followed. The union was a result of strong separatist dreams among the Lithuanian-Ruthenian Protestant elite led by the Radziwiłł family, and if implemented it would radically change the balance of power in the Baltic Sea region. The main legal point of the Union was the breach of Lithuanian federation with Poland and the establishment of a federation with Sweden. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania aspired to return to international relations as a self-governing subject. The Union meant a new Scandinavian alternative to Polish and Russian domination. The author places the events in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the general crisis that occurred in Europe in the middle of the 17th century characterized by a great number of wars, rebellions and civil wars from Portugal to Ukraine, and which builds the background to the crisis for Lithuania and Sweden. The research proved the importance of lesser powers in changing the geopolitical balance between the Great Powers. The conflict over Lithuania and Belarus was the main reason for the Swedish-Russian, Polish-Russian and Ukrainian-Russian wars. The failure of the Union with Sweden was caused by both internal and external factors. Internally, various ethnic, confessional and political groups within the nobility of Lithuania were split in favour of different foreign powers – from Muscovy to Transylvania. The external cause for the failure of the Union project was the failure of Swedish strategy. Sweden concentrated its activity to Poland, not to Lithuania. After the Union, Swedish authorities treated the Grand Duchy as an invaded country, not an equal. The Swedish administration introduced heavy taxation and was unable to control the brutality of the army. As a result Sweden was defeated in both Lithuania and Poland. Among the different economic, political and religious explanations of the general crisis, the case of Lithuania shows the importance of the political conflicts. For the separatists of Lithuania the main motive to turn against Poland and to promote alliance with Sweden, Russia or the Cossacks was the inability of Poland to shield the Grand Duchy from a Russian invasion.The Lithuanian case was a provincial rebellion led by the native nobility against their monarch, based on tradition of the previous independence and statehood period. It was not nationalism in its modern meaning, but instead a crisis of identity in the form of a conflict between Patria and Central Power. However, the cost of being a part of Sweden or Muscovy was greater than the benefit of political protection. Therefore, the pro-Polish orientation prevailed when Poland after 1658 recovered its military ability the local nobility regrouped around Warsaw. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania managed to remain on the political map of Europe, but at the price of general religious Catholization and cultural Polonization. After the crisis, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania gradually changed into a deep province of the Polish state.

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  • 203.
    Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    LATVIA – BELARUS2010In: SWOT Analysis and Planning for Cross-Border Co-operation in Northern Europe, Gorizia: I.S.I.G. , 2010, 2, p. 145-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    SWOT Analysis and Planning for Cross-Border Co-operation in Northern Europe
  • 204.
    Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Roma and Travellers in Sweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in a transnational context: Working paper presented at the 2016 Nordic Conference on Romani Studies, Södertörn University2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On September 23, 2013, the leading Swedish daily newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, published a front-page story revealing that a classified listing of Roma had been found on a server belonging to the regional police of Skåne. The illegal database comprised a register of 4,029 persons of Romani descent, more than 1,000 of whom were children living all over Sweden. This news understandably elicited horrified reactions in Sweden and throughout the world. But how exceptional is the concept of such a register to Sweden? To answer this question, we must examine Sweden’s treatment of Romani people during World War II.

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    Roma and Travellers in Sweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in a transnational context
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  • 205.
    Kotljarchuk, Andrej
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Tradition of Belarusian Statehood: Conflicts About the Past of Belarus2004In: Contemporary Change in Belarus / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2004, p. 41-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 206.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Family (versus) Policy: Combining Work and Care in Russia and Sweden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The twentieth century has witnessed a revolution in the ways in which the social division of labour is organised, and in terms of how waged work and caring for children are reconciled. This study explores family policy from the perspective of its capacity to manage the socio-economic risks emanating from combining the roles of breadwinner and caregiver which many parents are beginning to do in contemporary society. This study is focused on Russia and Sweden, countries which have a large share of their female population in the labour force and an institutionalised public policy directed towards meeting the challenges of childrearing in dual-earner families.

    In the first empirical stage of the study, I examine the establishment and development of family policies in these countries, and analyse their effects in terms of how they have attempted to reconcile the competing demands of work and family life in recent years, specifically, by focusing on three main components: parental leave regulations, the organisation of early childcare and education, and schemes of financial assistance and support for families with children (including their impact on poverty reduction, with the use of Luxemburg Income Survey data). The next stage, involved the exploration of the normative setting in which employment and parenting are realised. To do this I used survey data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), and its modules on Family and Gender Roles. In the final stage, by conducting in-depth interviews with families in Stockholm and St. Petersburg I was able to examine how decisions about using the available public means of assistance and support are negotiated within households, and which factors, other than public policy, influence such decisions. The results of these three empirical parts are juxtaposed in order to establish the relation between official inputs into family policy and the complex picture of its outcome in the two countries.

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  • 207.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Motiejunaite, Akvile
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Zhenschiny i muzhchiny na rabote i doma: gendernoe razdelenie truda v Rossii i Shvetsii [Women and Men in Employment and at Home: Gendered Work patterns in Russia and Sweden]2008In: Journal of Social Policy Studies, ISSN 1727-0634, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 177-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore the interaction between the levels and forms of labour force participation and outputs of family policy realisation in Russia and Sweden. The study explores statistical indicators of public social services/assistance for families and labour force structure, as well as survey data obtained from International Social Survey Program, module 'Family and Changing Gender Roles' (1994, 2002). The results show that both Sweden and Russia facilitate the 'dual-earner' family model, but that Sweden places a greater emphasis on dual-caring and f lexible work arrangements for women. The support for traditional gender roles was much higher and more uniform in Russia than in Sweden. The proportion of 'dual-earner' and female led families was nevertheless higher in Russia than Sweden, especially in 1994, when major restructuring in the social and economic sphere was occurring. The findings suggest that family policy is instrumental in facilitating female employment, but does not necessarily bring changes in either family or gender-role attitudes.

  • 208.
    Kunz, Barbara
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Kind words, cruise missiles and everything in between: A neoclassical realist study of the use of power resources in U.S. policies towards Poland, Ukraine and Belarus 1989–20082010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to explain why the United States led entirely different policies towards Poland, Ukraine and Belarus under circumstances where realist theory would predict otherwise. Realism being an “environment based theory”, it would indeed predict a state to lead highly similar foreign policies under identical conditions. Yet, within the overall context of managing unipolarity, the US has clearly led different policies toward these three countries from the demise of the Soviet Union to the end of the second Bush Administration (i.e., in the years 1989 to 2008). In seeking to explain that puzzle, this study follows a path hitherto neglected by neoclassical realist scholarship: a strong emphasis on the bilateral dimension in all foreign policies. Poland, Ukraine and Belarus are friendly, undecided and non-friendly states, respectively, as seen from a Washington perspective. What type of power resources seems appropriate in addressing them is likely to depend on this status. The study subsequently shows that different types of power resources or “base values” underlie the various foreign policy tools employed with respect to the studied countries. For that reason, it argues that perceptions of states’ friend, non-friend or undecided statuses should be considered an element of the missing link neoclassical realists identified between states’ power resources and their foreign policy output.

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  • 209.
    Kunz, Barbara
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Les relations polono-américaines depuis 1989: Varsovie, cheval de Troie des Etats-Unis en Europe?2008In: Le Courrier des pays de l'Est, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Polish-American Relations since 1989 Is Warsaw the United States’ Trojan Horse? Shortly after the end of the cold war (1989), Poland found itself in a radically modified geopolitical environment which obliged it to redefine its foreign policy. In the beginning of the nineties, Warsaw was busy building an “Atlantic consensus”, moving closer to the United States in order to gain NATO membership (1999). These close links between Washington and Warsaw caused some suspicion in Western Europe to the extent that some readily see Poland as the United States’ Trojan Horse, a role given credence by concrete facts, such as the Polish government’s purchase of 48 fighter planes and, in particular, its unreserved deployment of troops on the side of the Americans at the beginning of the Iraq war (2003). After evoking the development of Polish-American relations since 1989, the author of this article questions the validity of the role attributed to Poland, considering that this might require substantial reconsideration in the wake of Warsaw’s disappointment over its “best friend’s” hesitancy to consider Poland an essential player on the European scene on the same basis as, for example, Great Britain

  • 210.
    Landwehr Sydow, Sophie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Makers, Materials and Machines: Understanding Experience and Situated Embodied Practice in the Makerspace2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores interaction between humans, materials, and machines, in the context of makerspaces. The concept of making describes a practice that deals with new technologies in combination with craft to create artifacts in physical, digital and hybrid forms. Despite substantial research, there is still a need to examine what practices of making have to offer to Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) research. This particularly concerns investigations of the close relations between the multitudes of different activities, materials, machines and things in such shared spaces.

    Making is discussed as a practice of importance for interaction design and conceptualised as involving a particular mindset when engaging with materials and machines. Based on this, my work argues that the phenomenon calls for a deeper reflection on recent movements on material interaction and materiality on the one hand, and perspectives on machine interactions on the other. I explore how situated and embodied practices can be revealed in investigations of makerspace activities. Further, my work describes how makers experience and make sense of the materials and machines that populate makerspaces. Finally, I map out how insights on experience and practice with machines and materials can be conceptualised in a way that become useful for contemporary interaction design practices.

    The presented research builds on four qualitative studies, in which I draw on investigations in the makerspace and combine an ethnographic approach with participant observation, design methods and contextual inquiry. The resulting five collaboratively written papers frame making as an experience in itself and discover particular ways of making sense of materials. Further, we study embodied and situated dimensions of 3D printing, as well as practices concerning modding and the maintenance of machines and explore how practitioners may develop a maker mindset. The papers contribute with a set of conceptualisations such as “material literacy” when taking artifacts apart, “machine sensibility”, which practitioners show in their interaction with 3D printing, and the “pliable machine” that emerged from studying modding of a laser cutter. These conceptualizations highlight new aspects and perspectives of maker activities and interactions previously less accounted for.

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  • 211.
    Larsson, A.
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bill, S.
    Lund University.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Olsson, A.
    Lund University.
    Collaborative healthcare innovation in Sweden2012In: Sustaining Innovation: Collaboration Models for a Complex World, New York: Springer, 2012, p. 49-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical technology (medtech) industry in Sweden is situated within a complex innovation ecosystem, in which various stakeholders from the public, private and academic sectors need to collaborate to meet demands on effective and efficient healthcare. Demographics are changing and those in need of healthcare are not only larger in numbers than ever but they are also more knowledgeable and demanding. Increasing innovative performance is crucial in both the private and public healthcare sectors, but bold steps forward need to be taken in light of stricter rules and regulations for how healthcare stakeholders should manage both their internal processes and the ways in which they interact with other stakeholders in the larger innovation system. The traditional way in which medtech companies gain access to user needs, primarily working through a sales-purchasing relationship with the public healthcare sector, is outdated and needs to be replaced with an increasingly collaborative and cocreative model of healthcare innovation. This chapter describes experiences and lessons learned from InnoPlant, a 3-year (2008-2011) action learning project involving three companies from the Swedish medtech industry, two county/regional councils responsible for public healthcare, and four academic institutions-carried out within the framework of the Swedish Product Innovation Engineering program (PIEp). The purpose of the project was to advance the capability of stakeholders from the public, private, and academic sectors to collaborate in the cocreation of healthcare innovations. 

  • 212.
    Larsson, Camilla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Framträdanden: Performativitetsteoretiska tolkningar av Tadeusz Kantors konstnärskap2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this dissertation is the art of the Polish theatre director, set designer, and visual artist Tadeusz Kantor (1915–1990) and its inherent width of artistic expressions. The aim is to contribute with new interpretations that add to previous research that primarily has studied the body of work from the perspectives of the artist’s intention and biography, and divided his artistic work between visual art and theatre. 

    By using perspectives from theories of performativity, the starting-point for the study is that artworks interplay with a presumed spectator, contribute to the interpretation, and continue to produce new meaning beyond the original context. The study sets out to answer how the interaction between artwork and spectator can be understood, and what effects the artworks have on each other, when being analysed together, mediated by public presentations. Two exhibitions, one anthology, and a group of artworks from the respective presentations, are being analysed. 

    The first analysis explores the solo exhibition Tadeusz Kantor, emballage at Kulturhuset, Stockholm, 1975–76. Questions regarding representation, materiality, and conceptual modes are discussed in relation to a presumed spectator. In the following analysis, the anthology Tadeusz Kantor: Ein Reisender – seine Texte und Manifeste, published by Verlag für moderne Kunst & Institut für moderne Kunst, 1988, is analysed. In this chapter issues related to verbal and visual expressions are being discussed in relation to the motif of the book, that is identified as the literary narrator. In the last analysis, the retrospective exhibition Tadeusz Kantor at Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Zürich, 2008, is explored. The chapter deals with issues related to spatial, material, and temporal aspects, connecting to a theoretical discussion on the live event of performance and theatre and their subsequent reproductions.      

    The dissertation demonstrates how questions of media and materiality can deepen the way we understand the oeuvre of an artist that actively shaped the reception of his work with contextual references and themes. The chosen perspective and method take the artworks in a relatively unexplored direction, showing how public appearances can be considered as events of becoming. 

     

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  • 213.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Team Entrepreneurship: A Process Analysis of the Venture Team and the Venture Team Roles in relation to the Innovation Process2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New ventures are rather often founded by more than one person. Still, we do not know much about how these venture teams are formed, develop and finally dissolve. The manner in which the venture team roles develop when there is more than one owner is also a neglected area in the entrepreneurship research. It is argued in this thesis that the most prolific way of studying the venture team process and the venture team roles process is in relation to the innovation process. The over-all aim of this thesis is to explore what kinds of theoretical, conceptual, empirical and methodological insights are achieved by studying innovation processes in new ventures in a transformative institutional context, from the team-level of analysis. The empirical materials are a pilot-case (Tetra Pak) and an in-depth extended case-study from the publishing sector in Poland (Proszynski i S-ka, from 1985 to 2003). The method used in the thesis is a retrospective process approach with a phasic analysis of the polyphonical narratives of the experiences of key persons as well as data from archives. In the final analysis, a number of propositions are presented that relate to how the venture team process and the venture team roles process develop over extended time periods and in relation to the innovation process. The conclusions are that the team as a level of analysis helps us to theoretically understand and explain phenomena such as periods of divergence in the innovation process; the process of social commitments in the venture team; and how a venture team develops over time to a balanced and experienced expert leadership team. Methodologically, it is claimed that the polyphonical data collection gives more comprehensive, valid and reliable measurements of the innovation process. Finally, this thesis contributes with a story of the transformation of the Polish society and economy described in an unusual way via employing the team as a level of analysis.

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  • 214.
    Larsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Sölvell, Ingela
    Dalhammar, Tobias
    The Role of Local Professional Support to Becoming Entrepreneurs2004In: Uddevalla Symposium 2003: Entrepreneurship, Spatial Industrial Clusters and Inter-firm Networks / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Kungälv: University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla , 2004, p. 383-400Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 215.
    Li, Xiaoying
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Energy Efficiency in buildings in the Baltic states and the Nordic countries2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving energy efficiency in buildings is widely viewed as a cost-effective way of achieving climate and energy goals. The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) aims to enhance the energy performance of new buildings and increase the renovation rate of energy-inefficient older buildings in the European Union. This study evaluates the effects of regulatory instruments on actual energy savings in countries across the Baltic Sea region, with a focus on residential buildings in Sweden and Lithuania. Specifically, Paper [I] estimates the effects of building codes on energy savings for newly constructed multi-apartment buildings in Sweden. Paper [II] evaluates the effects of retrofit programmes on realized dynamic energy savings for old Soviet-era multi-apartment buildings in Lithuania. Connecting with Paper [II], Paper [III] measures the energy performance gap—the discrepancy between actual energy savings and engineer-predicted savings for multi-apartment buildings in Lithuania. In Paper [IV], the focus turns from energy efficiency to inflation issues. Given the recent developments of high inflation and energy prices, the paper explores the relationship between energy price inflation and inflation expectations in Sweden. 

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  • 216.
    Li, Xiaoying
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Impact of building regulations on energy efficiency: Evidence from energy use in Swedish multi-apartment buildingsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Li, Xiaoying
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Kažukauskas, Andrius
    Vilnius University, Lithuania.
    The energy performance gap and its determinants in Soviet-era multi-apartment buildingsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Li, Xiaoying
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Time-varying nexus of Swedish energy price inflation and inflation expectationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Lilliefeldt, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    European Party Politics and Gender: Configuring Gender-Balanced Parliamentary Presence2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 20th century, the proportions of women and men elected into European national parliaments became increasingly equal. Political parties shape these outcomes by selecting and fielding candidates in elections. Scholars recognise that parties' actions do not occur in isolation; yet there is little systematically comparative research about the configurations of conditions in which these actions occur. Previous research also often relies on studies of West European parties. This doctoral thesis investigates how conditions inside and outside parties combine to create gender-equal parliamentary presence. The thesis examines the extent to which Western European experiences apply to Central and East European parties, and explores the conditions that stand in the way of progress towards gender balance. It presents three empirical studies. The first is a qualitative comparative analysis of 57 West European parties during the late 1980s, a period in which the trend towards equality accelerated. The second study applies the knowledge produced in the first analysis to cases in Central and Eastern Europe. It uses an original dataset covering six parties in four EU member states in a structured focused comparison. Finally, the thesis presents an in-depth case study of an unexpectedly gender-balanced Latvian party. The analyses show that gender-equal parliamentary presence is achieved when conditions inside and outside parties combine, and that no condition is necessary or singularly sufficient. The absence of gender-equal parliaments is sustained by combinations other than the absence of those that lead to gender-balance. Operationalisations from Western Europe turn out to be largely applicable to cases in Central and Eastern Europe. These latter cases also demonstrate that organisational instability need not impede women’s presence in elected office.

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  • 220.
    Lilliefeldt, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Party and Gender in Western Europe Revisited: A fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Gender Balanced Parliamentary Parties2012In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 193-214Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars of women’s parliamentary presence have suggested that the proportion of women parliamentarians rests on the interaction between intra-party and party external conditions, and that these can be discussed in terms of necessity and sufficiency. Still, the field lacks systematic cross-case assessments of such relationships. This research takes an explorative approach to necessity, sufficiency and interaction in the field of gender and party. Using fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to study 57 individual West European parties, it demonstrates that party behaviour is a function of intra-party and party-external conditions. Furthermore, it shows that when the external factors are not present, parties are themselves able to achieve gender-balanced parliamentary delegations. The article reveals that there are several paths to gender balance, and that the absence of conditions sufficient for balance does not explain why parties do not become gender balanced

  • 221.
    Lindelöf Söderholm, Karin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Ethnology.
    Om vi nu ska bli som Europa: Könsskapande och normalitet bland unga kvinnor i transitionens Polen2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to highlight the discourses surrounding the creation of gender in relation to a number of young, well-educated city women in Poland in the early 21st century. It is my intention to show which “ways of being a woman” that are culturally feasible in Poland in a time of transition – politically, economically, and socially. The study is based on interviews and field notes from a half-year field project in Gdansk-Sopot-Gdynia in 2001.

    The first chapter discusses theoretical and methodological issues and the second introduces the main themes by analysing a number of essays where Polish students are discussing feminism and women’s situation in Poland and Sweden. Chapter three to six analyses the interviews and other fieldwork material. The courtliness and daily door-opening procedures, which several of the participants in the study regard as typically Polish, are discussed in chapter three. In chapter four, connecting courtliness to issues of love and sexuality deepens this discussion. In chapter five gender equality and feminism is in focus, and in chapter six this discussion is connected to the young women’s ideas of future work and family life. The last chapter concludes and continues the analysis by introducing the concepts of variants and variant-making as a promising way of discussing new identities, institutions and structures in post-socialist and similar settings.

    The creation of identity appears as a highly intersectional activity in the study. Gender, class, generation, sexuality, nationality, place of residence (city/countryside) are important elements in the young women’s creation of themselves as individuals. The different processes of democratisation, adapting to the EU, privatisation etc., as well as current ideas such as new liberalism, Catholicism and femininity are central to what is happening in Poland today. All these aspects interact in the construction of the identities of the young women.

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  • 222.
    Lindelöf Söderholm, Karin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Ethnology.
    Polska femininiteter - globala idéer2003In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 7-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 223.
    Lindén, Tove
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Explaining Civil Society Core Activism in Post-Soviet Latvia2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society activism in traditional non-governmental organizations (NGOs) is seen as one of the cornerstones of a vibrant participatory liberal democracy in most Western democratic states. Whereas this issue has been explored from a variety of perspectives in a Western context, only limited research has been carried out in a post-Soviet context. This study presents unique survey data on civil society core activism in post-Soviet Latvia addressing the following two main questions: What are the characteristics and factors that influence a person to become a core activist in a civil society organization? How does the post-Soviet Latvian context influence civil society core activism?

    Two nationwide surveys were carried out among core activists in all sorts of NGOs and for a comparative purpose among the population at large, from which non-activists have been extracted. Through cross-tabulations based on the three comparative dimensions: a) activists in general vs. non-activists, b) fields of interest and c) position in organization, this study indicates that many of the factors proven to be important when explaining civil society core activism in Western contexts also have explanatory power in post-Soviet Latvia. Important factors are an individual’s educational level, empathic ability and level of civic literacy, as well as the presence of activist role models and positive support for the decision to become involved in civil society activism. Citizenship and gender are other important factors, but unlike Western countries women dominate the civil society sector in Latvia. Two new factors are also suggested and tested, showing that the perception that one has the ability to organize activity and prior leadership experience from a communist organization are important for Latvian core activists.

    Binary logistic regression analysis is further used to test the significance of each of the independent variables alone and in combination with each other, introducing different types of core activists based on gender, motives for activism, intensity of political, charity and recreational activity, as well as the positions they have in their organizations.

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  • 224.
    Lundell, Erika
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Crossdressing på Medeltidsveckan i Visby: Om iscensättanden av feminina och maskulina medeltidsgenu2008In: Lambda Nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, E-ISSN 2001-7286, no 1-2, p. 97-107Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 225.
    Lundell, Erika
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Förkroppsligad fiktion och fiktionaliserade kroppar: Levande rollspel i Östersjöregionen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation concerns live action role-playing (larp). Larp may be described as improvised theater without an audience, as participants simultaneously embody both audience and actor in their constant interaction with one another.  Hence, larp can be seen as a participatory culture.  The study is based on participant observation, interviews and online ethnography in Denmark, Latvia, Sweden and Norway.

    The aim of the thesis is to analyze how bodies materialize, take and are given space in larps. At the heart of the study lie questions on how processes of embodiment are enacted before, during and after the game.

    Two central concepts - larp chronotope and matrix of interpretation – shape the analysis. The first denotes the specific timespace in which a larp takes place, e.g a Soviet military camp or a fantasy world. The second concept stands for a general matrix of norms that informs participants on how to enact their characters in the larp chronotope.

    The thesis shows that participants strive to act in ways that are intelligible according to the matrix of interpretation that reigns during the game days. In addition, although game and everyday matrixes of interpretations are always inseparable, while attending a larp the participant’s ordinary lives are temporarily allowed to fade into the background. Thus, larps are complex combinations of objects, spaces and bodies that are given new relations and new meanings.

    Furthermore, the thesis shows that larp embodiment is conditioned by normative ideas of what it means to be an intelligible live action role player. White male bodies are more likely to access the sphere of larp intelligibility than others, which is evident in many of the stories and made up worlds portrayed in the study. Yet, the collaborative narration of game worlds that take place before larps can include all sorts of bodies. Consequently, larps provide an opportunity for alternative forms of embodiment and experiences.

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  • 226.
    Lundell, Erika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Linnell, Sandra
    Gullegrisar2010In: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1, p. 56-58Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 227.
    Lundén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Zalamans, Dennis
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Local co-operation, ethnic diversity and state territoriality - The case of Haparanda and Tornio on the Sweden - Finland border2001In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 33-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The neighbouring towns of Haparanda and Tornio, separated only by a narrow strip of grass and wetland, are divided by the only inhabited land boundary between Finland and Sweden in the southern part of the Torne River. The population represents four different groups in relation to linguistic and cultural backgrounds. In the daily lives of the inhabitants, the state boundary is probably of less significance than linguistic, social and 'ethnic' differences. On the local government level there is a strong will to unite forces to make the total area a viable region in spite of its peripheral location, but state legislation makes co-ordination difficult. This may be seen as a necessity, but in the daily lives of the populations, the state boundary defines an area of unequal access, sometimes working in favour of and sometimes barring contacts and co-operation. The media consumption reflects a clear 'national' interest with a strong local bias. In their attitudes, Finnish speakers and bilinguals show a greater appreciation of 'the other' than unilingual Swedes. This may reflect the actual possibility space (reach) in the local area.

  • 228.
    Luthman, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Searching for sustainable aquaculture governance: A focus on ambitions and experience2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aquaculture is one of the most diverse food-producing industries and is suggested as a key solution to a growing global food demand. It has been argued that aquaculture has the potential to expand sustainably in most parts of the world, especially in the EU where consumption far out weighs production. This positive view surrounding aquaculture’s growth emphasizes its positive social and ecological effects. These include the generation of rural employment opportunities and the production of nutrient-dense food with negligible or even beneficial environmental effects (e.g. nutrient sequestration). However, for the industry to fulfil this potential, it needs informed governance structures and policies about social-ecological systems that are sensitive to local issues and conditions but also linked to the wider transnational/global context. This thesis provides empirical insight into how different levels of governance and policy interact and the ‘sustainability aquaculture development’ that different actors advocate. By using the Social-Ecological Systems (SES) approach as the theoretical foundation, combined with discourse and policy analyses, this thesis delves into how sustainability is framed in different aquaculture governance settings to give nuanced insights into varied sustainability discourses. This includes examining some of the most influential governing actors in the global North, ranging from intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) like the EU and UN to states and certification organizations.

    Based on academic and international governing goals for expanding aquaculture sustainably through multi-stakeholder engagements, and the rapid expansion of Atlantic salmon production, this thesis analyzes how alternative influential governance regimes, like certification programs, compare in terms of environmental stringency with the national regulatory standards of the largest salmon-producing states. One region of interest in this thesis is the Nordics where aquaculture production is unevenly distributed. Norway is one of the most prominent global aquaculture production countries; other states such as Iceland are growing rapidly while countries around the Baltic Sea have very little production. Aquaculture in the Nordics is mostly centered around resource-intensive species with a high market value like Atlantic salmon. Continuing with the ambition to use multi-stakeholder engagements, this thesis also provides empirical insight into how policies and legislation are formed to promote aquaculture. Finally, based on global and regional recognition that food production needs to decrease its dependence on antibiotics, this thesis looks at how some of the most impactful aquaculture markets globally regulate antibiotics usage in aquaculture operations.

    This thesis contributes by developing a conceptual framework to examine how different aspects of sustainability are aspired to and pursued in different aquaculture governance arrangements and settings. Through the application of this framework, the thesis develops critical insights into how governing actors frame sustainable aquaculture, identifying dissonances and synergies between international and national ambitions and making suggestions for how aquaculture sustainability can be improved.

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  • 229.
    Löfgren, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Det legitima ägandet: Politiska konstruktioner av allmännyttans privatisering i Stockholms stad 1990–20152021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades of the 20th century, a major change in welfare and housing policy was initiated in Sweden. This meant that a significant proportion of public rental housing was privatised through political decisions. This thesis is specifically concerned with how the privatization of public rental housing has been legitimized in the political debate, which is of particular importance given the symbolic value that public rental housing has had for the Swedish welfare policy. The privatisation of public housing has been particularly evident in Stockholm, which has therefore been the main focus of the thesis. The study has an in-depth empirical focus on the budget debate in the Stockholm City Council between the years 1990 and 2015. The material analysed in the thesis consists of the City Council's annual budget debate during the period 1990-2015, as well as other parts of the City Council debate. Additional material consists of campaign material, material from the public housing companies and bills and Swedish Government Official Reports (SOU) . The overall aim of the thesis is to contribute to knowledge about how the privatisation of public rental housing has been legitimised and to critically examine what this means for the way in which responsible politicians have portrayed housing and specifically its ownership. This is done by answering the following research questions: How has the privatization of public rental housing been legitimized in the city of Stockholm between 1990 and 2015? And: How have the applied legitimation strategies influenced the discursive framework of the new housing policy? Using Critical Discourse Theory, the empirical material is analysed with reference to a model of legitimation based on Theo van Leeuwen (2008). Based on van Leeuwen's model of legitimation analysis, the analysis of the policy debate reveals a predominance of moral and rational strategies to legitimize policy decisions. The usage has however varied according to the type of privatisation and when in time the legitimations took place. One of the conclusions of the thesis is how changes have been legitimised with reference to social aspects such as integration and improved conditions for inhabitants of disadvantaged areas, groups that have not primarily benefited from the privatisation practices that have taken place. The gap that emerges between those who have benefited from the policy and those who have not shows that this is a policy that has needed to be justified and thus required a legitimizing discourse. The thesis contributes to research focusing on how privatisations are shaped and understood through discursive orders and constructions.

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  • 230.
    Löfmarck, Erik
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Brev till statsministern – en väg in i politiken2010In: Känslan för det allmänna: Medborgarnas relation till staten och varandra / [ed] Jacobsson, Kerstin, Umeå: Boréa , 2010, p. 295-331Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Löfmarck, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Den hand som föder dig: en studie av risk, mat och moderskap i Sverige och Polen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how mothers of young children relate to risk in everyday life, with an emphasis on the in­visible risks associated with modernity in general, and with food in particular. It explores variations and similarities in how mothers deal with risk in two cultural contexts: Sweden and Poland. The study is based on twenty qualitative interviews with university educated mothers of small children in Stockholm and Warsaw. While risks more generally challenge how we “get on” with our lives, mothers of young children in particular have a special relationship to risk. During pregnancy and breastfeeding they are subject to all kinds of risk minimization efforts, and mothers are ultimately held "infinitely responsible" for their children's welfare by society. Women's transition to parenthood then makes for a particularly in­teresting case as to how risks manifest in everyday life. The theoretical framework draws on modernization theory, combined with insights from cultural theory. In addition, various contributions from sociological and psychological risk research, family sociology and research on parenting and motherhood are used to highlight contextual aspects and to inter­pret the empirical results. Two aspects of the mothers’ relationship to risk and food are examined in this study: firstly, their risk constructs, i.e. what they perceive as ‘risky’ with regards to food; and, secondly, their risk management strategies, i.e. how they deal with identified risks on a practical and cognitive level. The overall risk management depicted in this study is characterized by reflexivity, critical thinking, infor­mation retrieval, attention to scientific evidence, purposely transferred trust, confidence and the ability to make fairly sophisticated tradeoffs between risks and other aspects of life. Neither the Swedish nor the Polish mothers then conform to popular notions of ‘security junkies’ or ‘paranoid parenting’. Nonetheless, the comparative approach demonstrates how contextual differences, such as general trust levels and family policy, influence both the risk constructs and the employment of different risk management strategies.

  • 232.
    Lönn, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Bruten vithet: om den ryska femininitetens sinnliga och temporala villkor2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual signs like skin color are just one of many factors in how white femininity is being articulated and interpreted. Other important components are the concept of a Eurocentric and linear temporality and the importance of being situated as modern. This thesis explores how certain forms of white femininity, depending on their locus, are privileged while others are seen as broken according to a hierarchy of white femininity

    Key to the dissertation are fashion-oriented white Russian women living in Stockholm, St. Petersburg and Moscow who are trying to embody ideas of modernities and normative temporality through the body and the senses. One way of doing so is by controlling their sensory expressions and thus that which white subjectivity has a long history of trying to transcend: the body. An example of this is the attempt to control smell, which works as a reminder of the primitive, animal, and outdated parts of the human being.

    Instead of investigating the making of the modern body-controlled white femininity through discourses, representations or articulated thoughts, the thesis focuses on how white femininity is inscribed in racialized perceptions through the level of bodily habits – or more specifically bodily habituations of norms and body schedules. This is done through a multisensory method that centers the ways smell, the visual, the haptic and the tactile are used as a way to experience and express modernities. Another important factor is how white femininity never articulates itself alone, but is instead always-already intimately connected to other bodies and objects. Thus, white femininity must always be seen as an intercorporal exchange. 

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  • 233.
    Lönn, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Genom monstret skapar vi oss själva2014In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 28 juni, p. 32-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 234.
    Malitska, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Negotiating Imperial Rule: Colonists and Marriage in the Nineteenth-century Black Sea Steppe2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After falling under the power of the Russian Crown, the Northern Black Sea steppe from the end of eighteenth century crystallized as the Russian government’s prime venue for socioeconomic and sociocultural reinvention and colonization. Vast ethnic, sociocultural and even ecological changes followed.  Present study is preoccupied with the marriage of the immigrant population from the German lands who came to the region in the course of its state orchestrated colonization, and was officially categorized as “German colonists.” The book illuminates the multiple ways in which marriage and household formation among the colonists was instrumentalized by the imperial politics in the Northern Black Sea steppe, and conditioned by socioeconomic rationality of its colonization. Marriage formation and dissolution among the colonists were gradually absorbed into the competencies of the colonial vertical power. Intending to control colonist marriage and household formation through the introduced marriage regime, the Russian government and its regional representatives lacked the actual means to exert this control at the local level. On the ground, however, imperial politics was mediated by the people it targeted, and by the functionaries tasked with its implementation. As the study reveals, the paramount importance was given to functional households and sustainable farms based on non-conflictual relations between parties. Situated on the crossroads of state, church, community, and personal interests, colonist marriage engendered clashes between secular and ecclesiastical bodies over the supremacy over it. The interplay of colonization as politics, and colonization as an imperial situation with respect to the marriage of the German colonists is explored in this book by concentrating on both norms and practices. Another important consideration is the ways gender and colonization constructed and determined one another reciprocally, both in legal norms and in actual practices. Secret divorces and unauthorized marriages, open and hidden defiance, imitations and unruliness, refashioning of rituals and discourses, and desertions – a number of strategies and performances which challenged and negotiated the marriage regime in the region, were scholarly examined for the first time in this book. 

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  • 235.
    Malitska, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    People in between: Baltic islanders as colonists on the steppe2014In: The Lost Swedish Tribe: Reapproaching the history of Gammalsvenskby in Ukraine / [ed] Piotr Wawrzeniuk & Julia Malitska, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2014, 1, , p. 151p. 61-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    People in between: Baltic islanders as colonists on the steppe
  • 236.
    Mattsson, Douglas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, The Study of Religions. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Mellan förverkligande och förtryck, kvinnliga svartmetallfans i Turkiet2020In: Kvinnligt religiöst ledarskap: En vänbok till Gunilla Gunner / [ed] Simon Sorgenfrei & David Thurfjell, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 113-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Mellan förverkligande och förtryck, kvinnliga svartmetallfans i Turkiet
  • 237.
    Mattsson, Douglas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, The Study of Religions. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, The Study of Religions.
    Domedagens angelägenheter: Eskatologisk kreativitet hos Islamiska staten och Sarinvomit2021In: Aiolos: tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 70-71, p. 56-67Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 238.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    All quiet on the eastern front2011In: Places in between: the archaeology of social, cultural and geographical borders and borderlands / [ed] David Mulllin, Oxford: Oxbow , 2011, p. 13-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Stockholms universitet.
    An Archaeology of the Iron Curtain: Material and Metaphor2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Iron Curtain was seen as the divider between East and West in Cold War Europe. The term is closely connected to the Cold War and expressions such as ‘behind the Iron Curtain’ or ‘after the fall of the Iron Curtain’ are common within historical discussions in the second half of the twentieth century. Even if the term was used regularly as a metaphor there was also a material side with a series of highly militarised borders running throughout Europe. The metaphor and the material borders developed together and individually, sometimes intertwined and sometimes separate.

    In my research I have carried out two fieldwork studies at sites that can be considered part of the former Iron Curtain. The first study area is located between Italy and Slovenia (formerly Yugoslavia) in which the division between the two towns of Nova Gorica on the Slovenian side and Gorizia on the Italian side was investigated. The second study area is located on the border between Austria and Czech Republic (formerly Czechoslovakia) within two national parks. A smaller study was also carried out in Berlin as the Berlin Wall is considered of major importance in the context of the Iron Curtain. This research has resulted in large quantities of sources and information and a constant need to re-evaluate the methods used within an archaeology of a more recent past.

    This thesis falls within what is usually referred to as contemporary archaeology, a fairly young sub-discipline of archaeology. Few large research projects have so far been published, and methods have been described as still somewhat experimental. Through my fieldwork it has been possible to acknowledge and highlight the problems and opportunities within contemporary archaeology. It has become clear how the materials stretch both through time and place demonstrating the complex process of how the material that archaeologists investigate can be created. The material of the Iron Curtain, is also well worth studying in its own right.

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  • 240.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Contemporary and historical archaeology in the making: [review of] Mats Burström, Samtidsarkeologi, and Laura McAtackeny, Matthew Palus and Agela Piccini (eds), Contemporary and historical archaeology in theory2008In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 11, no 2-3, p. 270-273Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 241.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Review of] John Schofield and Wayne Cocroft (eds), A Fearsome Heritage : Diverse Legacies of the Cold War2010In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 263-265Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 242.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Östersjön som järnridå2011In: Kriget som aldrig kom: 12 forskare om kalla kriget / [ed] Andreas Linderoth, Karlskrona: Marinmuseum , 2011, p. 32-47Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 243. Mejsholm, Lotta
    et al.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Lillegölens hemligheter: del II2010In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 2, p. 9-12Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 244.
    Motiejūnaitė, Akvilė
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Female employment, gender roles, and attitudes: The Baltic countries in a broader context2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four constituent studies exploring several common themes: female participation in employment, normative assumptions regarding the proper roles of males and females, and social change. The underlying focus is gendered division of work, which is explored through the concept of family models. These models are conceptualized with reference to the interrelationships between female employment, availability of care services outside the family, and sharing of care work within the family. The empirical analysis is mostly based on the Baltic countries, but also includes Germany, Sweden, and Russia. By examining the variation between the countries, the research aims to highlight some common issues regarding the gendered division of work, issues that bridge the East/West divide. The data come from three sources: 1) available national descriptive statistics, 2) surveys, namely, the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 'Family and Changing Gender Roles' modules and the European Values Survey (EVS), and 3) nineteen problem-centred interviews with women who experienced hardships in the Lithuanian labour market. The analyzed time period starts with the collapse of socialism.

    The studies call into question the assumption that strong support for the traditional 'male breadwinner/female carer' family model in post-socialist societies contributed to the exclusion of women from the labour market. Comparing male and female employment indicators revealed no general pattern of female exclusion from the labour market. Moreover, gender-role attitudes are neither uniform nor traditional in the studied societies. The most valid generalization would be that there is a trend towards less traditional attitudes over time, more precisely, towards greater acceptance of women’s working roles. Summarizing the current situation regarding the gendered division of work, with reference to policies, practices, and attitudes, reveals the presence of 'adult worker' family models in Eastern Europe.

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  • 245.
    Müller, Leos
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Swedish East India trade and international markets: Re-exports of teas, 1731-18132003In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 28-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish East India Company (SEIC) has been traditionally seen as nothing but a peculiar and exotic adventure in Sweden's eighteenth-century history. Hence, only limited attention has been paid to the SEIC's international role, its relationship with other chartered companies, and to the development of international markets for colonial goods. The paper focuses on this unexplored chapter in the company's history. More specifically, it looks into the SEIC's re-exports of Chinese commodities to Western European markets. Although the Swedish operation was limited compared to that of the other East India companies, the SEIC was an important tea trader on the world markets. The major part of the tea imports was re-exported through merchant networks to other European countries, especially to the Austrian Netherlands and Holland. Through illicit trade, part of the SEIC's tea went to Great Britain. The paper shows in detail how the transactions between Gothenburg, Ostend, Gent and Antwerp were organized. The examples are mainly drawn from the business correspondence of the Flemish merchants.

  • 246.
    Nase, Marco
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Academics and Politics: Northern European Area Studies at Greifswald University, 1917–19912016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The decision to institute Area Studies in German universities in 1917, was born out of a perceived need to widen the intellectual horizon of the public and academia alike. At Greifswald University this ambitious reform programme saw the foundation of a Nordic Institute, charged with interdisciplinary studies of contemporary Northern Europe. Its interdisciplinarity and implicit role in public diplomacy made the Nordic Institute, and the institutions that succeeded it, an anomaly within the university, until the institute was fundamentally reformed in the early 1990s. The study explores the institutional development of the institute under five different political regimes – Kaiserreich, Weimar Republic, Third Reich, GDR and FRG. It does so through the lens of scholars as utility-seeking actors, manoeuvring between the confines of an academic environment and the possibilities afforded by the institute’s political task. It becomes apparent that the top-down institution of interdisciplinary scholarship produced a number of conflicts between the disciplinarily organized career path on theone hand, and scholars’ investment in broader regional research on the other. Personal conflicts in a confined and competitive environment, and a persistent shortage of funding provided further incentives for scholars to overcome perceived limitations of the academic sphere by offering their cooperation to the political field. Individual attempts to capitalize on a reciprocal exchange of resources with the political field remained a feature under all political regimes, but the opportunity to do so successfully depended on the receptiveness of the political field. Cooperation, where it was established, also proved to be difficult, with the interests of political and academic actors often diverging, and the political side’s interest becoming dominant. The study examines the underlying motivations of scholars to seek assistance from outside the academic field, but also the problems connected with that approach, and demonstrates the specific problems faced by Area Studies in a German context.

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    Academics and Politics: Northern European Area Studies at Greifswald University, 1917–1991
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  • 247.
    Nase, Marco
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    "Att Sverige skall dominera här": Johannes Paul und das Schwedische Institut der Universität Greifswald 1933-19452014Book (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Nase, Marco
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Forscher - Diplomaten - Spione: Die Nordischen Auslandsinstitute der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität2015In: "...die letzten Schranken fallen lassen": Studien zur Universität Greifswald im Nationalsozialismus / [ed] Dirk Alvermann, Köln: Böhlau, 2015, p. 224-255Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Nase, Marco
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Paul, Johannes (1891-1990): Historiker, Universitätsprofessor2013In: Biographisches Lexikon für Pommern: Band 1 / [ed] Alvermann, Dirk & Jörn, Nils, Köln: Böhlau, 2013, p. 212-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Nasiritousi, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Faber, Hugo
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Legitimacy under institutional complexity: Mapping stakeholder perceptions of legitimate institutions and their sources of legitimacy in global renewable energy governance2021In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 377-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The legitimacy of international institutions has in recent years received growing interest from scholars, yet analyses of stakeholder perceptions of the legitimacy of institutions that coexist within a governance field have been few in number. Motivated by the proliferation of institutions in the field of global climate and energy governance, this study maps stakeholder perceptions of legitimate institutions and their sources of legitimacy in global renewable energy governance. Specifically, the article makes three contributions to the existing literature. Theoretically, it unpacks the legitimacy concept and offers a multidimensional conception of legitimacy. Methodologically, it captures these different dimensions of legitimacy by relying on three open survey questions. Empirically, it maps legitimacy perceptions among climate and energy experts and not only shows which institutions are considered most legitimate, but also why they are considered legitimate and how this varies between different stakeholders. The article thereby contributes to the literature on legitimacy by providing new insights into the sources of legitimacy among international institutions that operate under institutional complexity.

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    Nasiritousi and Faber 2020
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