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  • 1.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Phenomenology of Frailty: Existentialism and Old-Age Vulnerability2024Inngår i: The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Existentialism / [ed] Kevin Aho; Megan Altman; Hans Pedersen, Routledge, 2024, s. 405-415Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To become old means to become frail. The human body ages in ways that depend on genes, environmental-, and chance-factors, but if we do not end our lives as a result of a deadly accident or sudden onset of a lethal disease, we will all face a final phase of frailty before we die. Frailty may be caused by way of disease processes, but it can also consist in an increased sense of fragility, weakness, fatigue, and dizziness without a detected disease, which makes a person more likely to fall ill and make it harder to recover from illness. Neither phenomenologists nor existentialists have spent much time analysing frailty, except, perhaps, in the latter case, as a feature of human life to be avoided and resisted by way of a strong will and brave choices. The primary example would be Jean-Paul Sartre, but also Simone de Beauvoir is guilty of a certain contempt for bodily fragility. Arguably, the theories of some phenomenologists, such as Emmanuel Levinas and Paul Ricoeur, do a good job of rehabilitating human vulnerability in general, but not in the sense of a specific frailty related to illness and ageing. Despite this lack of a phenomenology of frailty in phenomenological-existentialist philosophy there are resources in this tradition to be exploited in developing such a subject. A phenomenology of frailty could be of importance not only for philosophers and empirical researchers, but also for old people and their care takers in attempts to make frail lives more bearable. The chapter develops a phenomenology of frailty by making use of concepts and arguments developed by existentialist thinkers, but also by scrutinizing them further and turning them against their fathers and mothers.

  • 2.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empathy and dialogue in nursing care2023Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Nursing / [ed] Martin Lipscomb, Taylor & Francis, 2023, s. 335-343Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is an everyday phenomenon and a basic moral capacity, and it is also the most central professional skill and ethical guiding tool of nursing care. To be empathic as a nurse means to be able to feel and see things from the point of view of the patient and act in accordance with this knowledge when caring for his/her good and attempting to relieve his/her suffering. Nurses need to be dedicated but still humble when it comes to empathy: to endeavour the step into the perspective of the patient does not mean that this is possible in any total or infallible sense; only the patient feels and knows what it is like to experience this particular suffering as this particular person at this particular time. If or when empathy is complemented by a dialogue with the patient, it becomes possible to reach a more complete and confirmed understanding of his/her predicament. The chapter offers a phenomenological theory of empathy in nursing, inspired by Edith Stein, which brings out the emotional aspects of the phenomenon in concordance with its cognitive features.

  • 3.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Flourishing while withering: an explication and critique of Simone de Beauvoir’s phenomenology of aging2023Inngår i: Continental philosophy review, ISSN 1387-2842, E-ISSN 1573-0611Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the process of aging from a phenomenological perspective. Supplementing the model of becoming old found in Simone de Beauvoir’s work with a phenomenology of human suffering and flourishing, it asks whether it is possible to lead a good life in the process of becoming old. Is it possible to flourish while experiencing bodily waning? Is it possible to flourish while experiencing the shrinking of one’s everyday world and the passing away of close others? Aging, at least in its protracted phases, appears to become full of suffering rather than flourishing. What are the prospects of finding meaningful life projects despite old age? By making use of insight found in Heidegger and other phenomenologists the paper tries to develop a slightly different view on aging than the one found in Beauvoir, stressing the importance of embodied experiences and life choices, which not only depend upon societal oppression and being objectified by others, but also upon processes of nature and the possibilities of an intergenerational intersubjectivity. Resources for this project is found in the philosophy of affectivity developed by Heidegger and other phenomenologists of facticity, such as Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Charles Taylor, Helmuth Plessner and Hannah Arendt.

  • 4.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Phenomenology of Objectification in and Through Medical Practice and Technology Development2023Inngår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 141-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectification is a real problem in medicine that can lead to bad medical practice or, in the worst case, dehumanization of the patient. Nevertheless, objectification also plays a major and necessary role in medicine: the patient's body should be viewed as a biological organism in order to find diseases and be able to cure them. Listening to the patient's illness story should not be replaced, but, indeed, developed by the physical examination of his body searching for the causes of his complaints. Whereas phenomenologists have so far mainly been identifying the back sides of objectification in medicine, in this paper the aim is to analyze differences between detrimental objectifications and objectifications that do not deprive the patient of his subjectivity but, rather, at least in some cases, may lead the patient to feel more at home with his body.

  • 5.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Upptäckten som låter oss fjärrstyra känslorna2023Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2023-02-01, s. 18-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vad ska vi göra när minihjärnorna börjar tänka?2023Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2023-09-24, s. 18-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Världen vaknar: känslornas plats i människans liv2023Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alltför ofta har känslorna genom historien betraktats som en förvrängning av filosofins och vetenskapens objektiva beskrivning av verkligheten. Känslorna blir då något som vi bör sträva efter att befria oss ifrån i stället för det som utgör hjärtat av vår existens. Men det är fel. Verkligheten får i själva verket sin struktur och mening genom känslor som öppnar upp en värld som vi kan dela med andra människor. Det är känslornas skapande kraft som skiljer oss från maskiner och som gör att vi kan erövra kunskap om världen i kontrast till att bearbeta information och göra beräkningar. Boken tar sig an känslornas natur genom att kombinera filosofisk analys med empirisk forskning från biologi, psykologi och antropologi. Resonemangen illustreras med hjälp av erfarenheter av känslors makt och betydelse från vardagen och samtiden. Känslans mellanmänskliga funktion får stort utrymme, alltifrån den känsla av empati och samvaro som är avgörande för ett gott liv, till de mer problematiska gruppkänslor som växer sig starka genom massan och som kan exploateras inom politiken. Vägen går från de allra första till de allra sista känslorna från födelsen till döden och på vägen passeras de viktigaste typerna av känslor i livet, inte minst sådana som är förknippade med kärlek och lycka eller lidande och sjukdom.

  • 8.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Den utskällda bibeln del 1: om DSM och psykiatrin2022Inngår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 22-12-02Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Den utskällda bibeln del 2: DSM, diagnosindustrin och framtiden2022Inngår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 2022-12-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Dödshjälp – ett privilegium för de rika?2022Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2022-06-20, s. 20-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Health and Illness as Enacted Phenomena2022Inngår i: Topoi: An International Review of Philosophy, ISSN 0167-7411, E-ISSN 1572-8749, Vol. 41, s. 373-382Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I explore health and illness through the lens of enactivism, which is understood and developed as a bodily-based worldly-engaged phenomenology. Various health theories - biomedical, ability-based, biopsychosocial - are introduced and scrutinized from the point of view of enactivism and phenomenology. Health is ultimately argued to consist in a central world-disclosing aspect of what is called existential feelings, experienced by way of transparency and ease in carrying out important life projects. Health, in such a phenomenologically enacted understanding, is an important and in many cases necessary part of leading a good life. Illness, on the other hand, by such a phenomenological view, consist in finding oneself at mercy of unhomelike existential feelings, such as bodily pains, nausea, extreme unmotivated tiredness, depression, chronic anxiety and delusion, which make it harder and, in some cases, impossible to flourish. In illness suffering the lived body hurts, resists, or, in other ways, alienates the activities of the ill person.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice. Second Revised Edition2022 (oppl. 2 rev. ed.)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the first monograph to deal with medicine as a form of hermeneutics, now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, including a whole new chapter on medical ethics. The book offers a comprehensive philosophical argument why good medical practice cannot be curtailed to scientific investigations of the body but is a form of clinical hermeneutics performed by health-care professionals in dialogue with their patients. Medical hermeneutics is rooted in a phenomenology of illness which acknowledges and proceeds from the ill party’s bodily feelings, everyday life-world circumstances and self-understanding in aiming to restore health.

    The author shows how the works of classical phenomenologists and hermeneuticians – Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur – may be employed to understand how medical diagnosis is enveloped by professional empathy and clinical judgement and developed by scientific investigations of the patient’s bodily condition. Health and illness are ultimately considered to be ways of feeling at home or not at home in the world, and such experiences are the starting point of medical hermeneutics when aiming to make best use of scientific knowledge. The book is aimed at researchers and teachers in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics, and at physicians, nurses and other health-care professionals meeting with patients in ethically complex and challenging situations. Phenomenology and hermeneutics, most often considered as methods belonging to the humanities, are shown to be of vital importance for the understanding of medical practice and ethical dilemmas of health care.

  • 13.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vi lever alla redan i en högst virtuell verklighet2022Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2022-03-31, s. 32-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Därför är ett tappat luktsinne en existentiell kris2021Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2021-01-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empathy and togetherness online compared to IRL: A phenomenological account2021Inngår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 78-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I aim to show with the aid of philosophers Edith Stein and Peter Goldie, how empathy and other social feelings are instantiated and developed in real life versus on the Internet. The examples of on-line communication show both how important the embodied aspects of empathy are and how empathy may be possible also in the cases of encountering personal stories rather than personal bodies. Since video meetings, social media, online gaming and other forms of interaction via digital technologies are taking up an increasing part of our time, it is important to understand how such forms of social intercourse are different from in real life (IRL) meetings and why they can accordingly foster not only new communal bonds but also hatred and misunderstanding.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Helmuth Plessners grundstämningar: skrattet och gråten2021Inngår i: Tidvatten: Festskrift till Hans Ruin / [ed] Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback; Staffan Ericson, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2021, s. 101-109Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Medvetandet föddes ur känslan att finnas till2021Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2021-05-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Utsikt från en hög häst: om Moral Grandstanding: The Use and Abuse of Moral Talk2021Inngår i: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, nr 2Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 19.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vargen inom oss: om Robert Eisler2021Inngår i: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vi behöver inte fler starka berättelser: om vaccinationsmotstånd och sociala rörelser2021Inngår i: Kvartal, ISSN 2003-6906, nr 2021-02-04Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Why do People Want to Die?: The Meaning of Life from the Perspective of Euthanasia2021Inngår i: Royal Society of Philosophy Supplements, ISSN 1358-2461, Vol. 90, s. 297-311Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One way to examine the enigmatic meaningfulness of human life is to ask under which conditions persons ask in earnest for assistance to die, either through euthanasia or physician assisted suicide. The counterpart of intolerable suffering must consist in some form of, however minimal, flourishing that makes people want to go on with their lives, disregarding other reasons to reject assisted dying that have more to do with religious prohibitions. To learn more about why persons want to hasten death during the last days, weeks or months of their lives, what kinds of suffering they fear and what they hold to be the main reasons to carry on or not carry on living, the paper offers some examples from a book written by the physician Uwe-Christian Arnold. He has helped hundreds of persons in Germany to die with the aid of sedative drugs the last 25 years, despite the professional societies and codes in Germany that prohibit such actions. The paper discusses various examples from Arnold’s book and makes use of them to better understand not only why people sometimes want to die but what made their lives meaningful before they reached this final decision.

  • 22.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Är åldrandet en sjukdom för vilken det snart finns en bot?: Recension av David Sinclairs bok ”Livslängd: Varför vi åldras – och varför vi inte behöver göra det"2021Inngår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 4Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Det existentiella lidandet och coronakrisen2020Inngår i: Kvartal, ISSN 2002-6269, nr 2020-06-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Det svänger om hjärnans synapser2020Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2020-11-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Inledning2020Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 3-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Människans excentriska natur: Helmuth Plessners filosofiska antropologi2020Inngår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 2020-10-05Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    När könet skaver och diagnoser smittar2020Inngår i: Kvartal, ISSN 2002-6269, nr 3 marsArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Diagnosen könsdysfori, där en person känner att kroppen inte överensstämmer med det upplevda könet, har ökat explosionsartat i Sverige. Inte bara virussjukdomar, utan även psykiatriska diagnoser verkar kunna smitta. Filosofiprofessorn Fredrik Svenaeus söker förklaringar till snabba sjukdomsspridningar. Han menar att vi bör betrakta diagnoser som könsdysfori med en dubbel optik, som blottlägger både de kulturella och de biologiska dimensionerna av fenomenet.

  • 28.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    När vi får det bättre blir vi missbrukare av dagdrömmar: Recension av Paulsens och Rücks nya böcker om ångest och olycka2020Inngår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 6Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 29.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Om det naturliga2020Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, nr 4, s. 27-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Pain2020Inngår i: The Routledge Handbook of Phenomenology of Emotion / [ed] Thomas Szanto; Hilde Landweer, Abingdon: Routledge, 2020, 1, s. 543-552Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In standard philosophical classifications of feelings, bodily pain is not considered an emotion, since it does not contain any beliefs or judgments about the world in the way that emotions do (Goldie 2000). I am mad, sad, afraid, or happy about something (not) being the case, but when I find myself in pain this intentional structure is not present. Pain is therefore classified as a pre-intentional feeling, which makes (a part of) the body appear in a specific (painful) way, which does not, however, have a proper meaning content. Bodily sensations can be of the negative sort—pains, itches, feelings of being too hot or cold—or of the positive sort—tickles, feelings of bodily comfort or orgasms—but they do not carry any cognitive content beyond this perceived painfulness or pleasantness of the body (parts).

    Phenomenology has the potential of improving upon such narrow conceptions of pain by showing how it is a peculiar and many-faced form of embodied experience. To be in pain is not only to perceive parts of one’s body in a certain way but also to feel how the perceived world changes in structure and content. Accordingly, pain can be explored and understood as an embodied mood; a way of finding oneself in the world that typically leads to certain emotions of the negative type: frustration, irritation, anger, fear, sadness, self-pity or even loss of hope and trust in others (Kusch and Ratcliffe forthcoming; Svenaeus 2015, 2017, chapter 2). Such emotions, that typically occur if pain is intense and long lasting, display beliefs about the situation of the pain sufferer that are nurtured by the bodily affliction. 

  • 31.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology and Embryo Ethics2020Inngår i: Topos: Journal for Philosophy and Cultural Studies, ISSN 1815-0047, nr 1, s. 11-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a phenomenological ontology concerning in vitro embryos is developed and defended, exploring the practical implications for reproductive medical technologies. This phenomenological alternative, in comparison with other positions in bioethics, firmly takes on-board the dangers of reification of human life by advancements of medical science. The in vitro embryo is clearly not a human person, but neither is it a lump of human cells, merely. The phenomenologist should consider the embryo to be a potential human person, but also acknowledge the changes in basic ontology brought about by medical technologies when producing embryos in the laboratory. In vitro embryos, however they are made, still have a significant symbolic standing that demands respect on the strength of their biological potentiality. Such a standing could be reflected in practice by limiting the use of IVF embryos to fields of research that seek cures for severe human diseases and which cannot be pursued by other means, and by forbidding the buying and selling of human embryos. Regarding the future possibilities of not only selecting but also manipulating the genes of embryos in IVF by way of CRISPR/Cas and other technologies, the phenomenological view stresses that such interventions should not move beyond de-selecting or deleting genes that carry severe risks for developing painful and debilitating diseases. Abstaining from choosing the characteristics of children-to-be beyond the measures taken to save them from considerable, unnecessary suffering is ultimately a matter of avoiding to instrumentalize the practice of procreation. In contrast to an order-and-delivery service, the relationship between parents and their children should be thought of as an empathic and dialogic relation. At stake in this relation is not only the understanding and avoidance of unnecessary suffering but also the possibilities of human ourishing. Child-rearing should respond to the personal characteristics that a child, from birth onwards, already embodies and expresses, and continually support and guide the child’s possibilities to develop these characteristics in a successful way.

  • 32.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Postmodernistiska syndabockar2020Inngår i: Dagens Arena, artikkel-id 1 November 2020Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    På spaning efter den demokratiska socialismen: om Martin Hägglunds This Life2020Inngår i: Dagens Arena, nr 2 majArtikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Martin Hägglunds hyllade bok från förra året: This Life: Secular Faith and Spiritual Freedom (citeras nedan i paperback utgiven av Anchor Books 2020) utvecklas grundlinjerna för en ny(gammal) politisk filosofi som författaren kallar demokratisk socialism. Såväl amerikanska som svenska recensenter har så långt tävlat om att älska ihjäl den unga professorn i litteraturvetenskap vid Yale University och visst är hans bok en imponerande filosofisk bedrift. Hägglund avvisar religiösa övertygelser och marknadsekonomiska lösningar till förmån för det som han kallar sekulär tro och andlig frihet som skall vägleda oss i upprättandet av en ny världsordning.

  • 34.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    På spaning efter den mening som flytt: Michael Hauskellers The Meaning of Life and Death2020Inngår i: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, nr 6, s. 96-97Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 35.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Saulius Geniusas: The Phenomenology of Pain2020Inngår i: Phenomenological Reviews, ISSN 2297-7627, nr 2020-07-12Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In his recently published study The Phenomenology of Pain Saulius Geniusas sets himself the task of developing precisely that – a phenomenology of pain – on the basis of Edmund Husserl’s philosophy. According to Geniusas, in Husserl’s work (including the posthumously published manuscripts) we find all the resources needed to develop such a phenomenology. Husserl took the first steps himself in developing a phenomenology of pain and by following in his footsteps, proceeding by way of the phenomenological method and concepts he developed, we can achieve this important goal. Why is it important to develop a phenomenology of pain? Apart from the general impetus of exploring all phenomena relevant to human life, we may in this case also point towards the mission of helping those who suffer from severe and chronic forms of bodily pain. Pain is from the experiential point of view generally something bad to have, even though it may guide our actions and call for changes of life style that are in some cases beneficial for us in the long run.

  • 36.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Saulius Geniusas: The Phenomenology of Pain2020Inngår i: Phenomenological Reviews, ISSN 2297-7627, nr 0-07-12Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Skammen, skrattet och gråten: Plessner och filosofins uppdrag2020Inngår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 2020-10-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    To die well: the phenomenology of suffering and end of life ethics2020Inngår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 23, s. 335-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents an account of suffering as a multi-level phenomenon based on concepts such as mood, being-in-the-world and core life value. This phenomenological account will better allow us to evaluate the hardships associated with dying and thereby assist health care professionals in helping persons to die in the best possible manner. Suffering consists not only in physical pain but in being unable to do basic things that are considered to bestow meaning on one's life. The suffering can also be related to no longer being able to be the person one wants to be in the eyes of others, to losing one's dignity and identity. These three types of suffering become articulated by a narrative that holds together and bestows meaning on the whole life and identity of the dying person. In the encounter with the patient, the health-care professional attempts to understand the suffering-experience of the patient in an empathic and dialogic manner, in addition to exploring what has gone wrong in the patient's body. Matters of physician assisted suicide and/or euthanasia-if it should be legalized and if so under which conditions-need to be addressed by understanding the different levels of human suffering and its positive counterpart, human flourishing, rather than stressing the respect for patient autonomy and no-harm principles, only. In this phenomenological analysis the notions of vulnerability and togetherness, ultimately connecting to the political-philosophical issues of how we live together and take care of each other in a community, need to be scrutinized.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Über “Über Wallenstein”: en genealogisk analys2020Inngår i: Material: filosofi, estetik, arkitektur: Festskrift till Sven-Olov Wallenstein / [ed] Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback; Helena Mattsson; Kristina Riegert; Hans Ruin, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 271-277Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    A Defense of the Phenomenological Account of Health and Illness2019Inngår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 459-478Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A large slice of contemporary phenomenology of medicine has been devoted to developing an account of health and illness that proceeds from the first-person perspective when attempting to understand the ill person in contrast and connection to the third-person perspective on his/her diseased body. A proof that this phenomenological account of health and illness, represented by philosophers, such as Drew Leder, Kay Toombs, Havi Carel, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Kevin Aho, and Fredrik Svenaeus, is becoming increasingly influential in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics is the criticism of it that has been voiced in some recent studies. In this article, two such critical contributions, proceeding from radically different premises and backgrounds, are discussed: Jonathan Sholl's naturalistic critique and Talia Welsh's Nietzschean critique. The aim is to defend the phenomenological account and clear up misunderstandings about what it amounts to and what we should be able to expect from it.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Det naturliga: en kritik av queerteorin, transhumanismen och det digitala livet2019Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Dying Bodies and Dead Bodies: A Phenomenological Analysis of Dementia, Coma and Brain Death2019Inngår i: Phenomenology of the Broken Body / [ed] Espen Dahl, Cassandra Falke, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 215-231Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In “Dying Bodies and Dead Bodies: A Phenomenological Analysis of Dementia, Coma, and Brain Death,” Fredrik Svenaeus investigates how we should look upon the death of persons and their bodies, especially in cases in which they appear to split ways. The chapter makes use of the work of Martin Heidegger, Hans Jonas and other phenomenologists to argue that although life and death are to be understood on a bodily level, the ontological and ethical analyses of dying need to be complemented by a phenomenology of how persons may gradually disappear in power of being constituted by bodily processes that are breaking down. In this analysis, a continuous scale of different levels of personhood is introduced and compared to some influential views on the essence of human being and death in contemporary medicine and bioethics.

  • 43.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Queerteorins uppror mot den mänskliga naturen2019Inngår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 8 juli, s. 16-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 44.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vår förlorade självkontroll2019Inngår i: Dagens Arena, nr 23 augustiArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppens natur och känsloliv är nyckeln till att förstå hur dataspel och sociala medier kan utöva en så stark lockelse och övergå till beroenden, framförallt för barn och ungdomar som har växt upp i en digitaliserad värld, skriver Fredrik Svenaeus i en essä om vår mänskliga natur.

  • 45.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Edith Stein’s Phenomenology of Empathy and Medical Ethics2018Inngår i: Empathy, Sociality and Personhood: Essays on Edith Stein’s Phenomenological Investigations / [ed] Elisa Magri & Dermot Moran, Dordrecht: Springer, 2018, 1, s. 161-175Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In On the Problem of Empathy Edith Stein claims empathy to be a three-step process in which the experiences of the other person (1.) emerge to me as meaningful in my perception of her, I then (2.) fulfil an explication of these experiences by following them through in an imaginative account guided by her, in order to (3.) return to a more comprehensive understanding of the experiences of the other person. Stein obviously intends the phenomenon of empathy to be importantly related to (A.) the project of getting to know more about the experiential world of the other person, as well as (B.) the project of developing an ethics centred around the notion of spirit (Geist) and personhood. Although it is debatable whether Stein actually succeeds in fully realizing either of these aims in her book, in this chapterI intend to explore how the Steinian theory of empathy could serve both as an experientially based anchoring point of medical epistemology and as a founding ground for medical ethics. Empathy is an apt starting point for medical ethics in that it acknowledges that moral reflection begins in experiencing the suffering of a person, who is in need of help, a starting point that also connects to the question of which capabilities (virtues) a good doctor (health care professional) needs to embody. 

  • 46.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Edith Stein’s phenomenology of sensual and emotional empathy2018Inngår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 741-760Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and explicates the theory of empathy found in Edith Stein’s early philosophy, notably in the book On the Problem of Empathy, published in 1917, but also by proceeding from complementary thoughts on bodily intentionality and intersubjectivity found in Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities published in 1922. In these works Stein puts forward an innovative and detailed theory of empathy, which is developed in the framework of a philosophical anthropology involving questions of psychophysical causality, social ontology and moral philosophy. Empathy, according to Stein, is a feeling-based experience of another person’s feeling that develops throughout three successive steps on two interrelated levels. The key to understanding the empathy process á la Stein is to explicate how the steps of empathy are attuned in nature, since the affective qualities provide the energy and logic by way of which the empathy process is not only inaugurated but also proceeds through the three steps and carries meaning on two different levels corresponding to two different types of empathy: sensual and emotional empathy. Stein’s theory has great potential for better understanding and moving beyond some major disagreements found in the contemporary empathy debate regarding, for instance, the relation between perception and simulation, the distinction between what is called low-level and high-level empathy, and the issue of how and in what sense it may be possible to share feelings in the empathy process. © 2017 The Author(s)

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Heidegger’s Philosophy of Technology and the Perils of Medicalization2018Inngår i: Existential Medicine: Essays on Health and Illness / [ed] Kevin Aho, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2018, 1, s. 131-144Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Hofmann, Bjørn
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway / University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    How medical technologies shape the experience of illness2018Inngår i: Life Sciences, Society and Policy, E-ISSN 2195-7819, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikkel-id 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore how diagnostic and therapeutic technologies shape the lived experiences of illness for patients. By analysing a wide range of examples, we identify six ways that technology can (trans)form the experience of illness (and health). First, technology may create awareness of disease by revealing asymptomatic signs or markers (imaging techniques, blood tests). Second, the technology can reveal risk factors for developing diseases (e.g., high blood pressure or genetic tests that reveal risks of falling ill in the future). Third, the technology can affect and change an already present illness experience (e.g., the way blood sugar measurement affects the perceived symptoms of diabetes). Fourth, therapeutic technologies may redefine our experiences of a certain condition as diseased rather than unfortunate (e.g. assisted reproductive technologies or symptom based diagnoses in psychiatry). Fifth, technology influences illness experiences through altering social-cultural norms and values regarding various diagnoses. Sixth, technology influences and changes our experiences of being healthy in contrast and relation to being diseased and ill. This typology of how technology forms illness and related conditions calls for reflection regarding the phenomenology of technology and health. How are medical technologies and their outcomes perceived and understood by patients? The phenomenological way of approaching illness as a lived, bodily being-in-the-world is an important approach for better understanding and evaluating the effects that medical technologies may have on our health, not only in defining, diagnosing, or treating diseases, but also in making us feel more vulnerable and less healthy in different regards.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Human Suffering and Psychiatric Diagnosis2018Inngår i: Bioethica Forum, ISSN 1662-6001, E-ISSN 1662-601X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 4-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at investigating and specifying the form of suffering that is characteristic of mental illness in relation to other forms of human suffering, such as political suffering, existential suffering, and bad luck suffering. It does so by making use of a theoretical framework found in phenomenological philosophy, according to which the flourishing or suffering of a person can be understood as an attuned and embodied being-in-the-world in and through which a person aims to realize core life values made meaningful by way of a life narrative. The importance of such a phenomenological analysis lies in pointing towards how contemporary psychiatry needs to involve the life world and life narrative of the patient to make a reliable and valid diagnosis and how such a phenomenological diagnostic approach can act as a counter movement to unnecessary medicalization in psychiatry. 

  • 50.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology of pregnancy and the ethics of abortion2018Inngår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 77-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I investigate the ways in which phenomenology could guide our views on the rights and/or wrongs of abortion. To my knowledge very few phenomenologists have directed their attention toward this issue, although quite a few have strived to better understand and articulate the strongly related themes of pregnancy and birth, most often in the context of feminist philosophy. After introducing the ethical and political contemporary debate concerning abortion, I introduce phenomenology in the context of medicine and the way phenomenologists have understood the human body to be lived and experienced by its owner. I then turn to the issue of pregnancy and discuss how the embryo or foetus could appear for us, particularly from the perspective of the pregnant woman, and what such showing up may mean from an ethical perspective. The way medical technology has changed the experience of pregnancy-for the pregnant woman as well as for the father and/or other close ones-is discussed, particularly the implementation of early obstetric ultra-sound screening and blood tests (NIPT) for Down's syndrome and other medical defects. I conclude the article by suggesting that phenomenology can help us to negotiate an upper time limit for legal abortion and, also, provide ways to determine what embryo-foetus defects to look for and in which cases these should be looked upon as good reasons for performing an abortion.

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