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  • 1.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Marklund, CarlSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Biafra and the Nordic media: Witness Seminar with Uno Grönkvist, Lasse Jensen, Pierre Mens, and Pekka Peltola2024Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The Nigerian Civil War, spanning from 1967 to 1970, garnered signifcant global attention, especially due to the media's portrayal of suffering children in the seceding region of Biafra and the subsequent humanitarian response.

    This booklet chronicles a seminar where journalists from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, who reported from Biafra, shared their experiences and perspectives on the confict and the humanitarian efforts aimed at alleviating the famine. The discussions captured in this document provide valuable insights into Nordic humanitarianism and its ethical dimensions, with relevance for contemporary global aid initiatives and the involvement of Nordic countries in international humanitarian cooperation.

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    Biafra and the Nordic media: Witness Seminar with Uno Grönkvist, Lasse Jensen, Pierre Mens, and Pekka Peltola
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  • 2.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Palonen, Emilia
    History: The Moral Economy Perspective2024In: Research Handbook on Populism / [ed] Stavrakakis, Yannis; Katsambekis, Giorgos, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024, p. 239-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context, variety and genealogy are among the contributions historical studies generally make to populism research. This chapter argues that there is another, as yet almost untapped, resource in historical approaches, namely a theory of moral economy that, when stripped of normative presumptions and idiographic limitations, can improve our understanding of populist moments and movements in the past - as well as in the present. This chapter fathoms what historical perspectives have on offer for populism research, enhancing knowledge into social, cultural, economic and political circumstances with the benefit of hindsight. It illustrates this by providing a chronological overview of key populist movements over the past two centuries. It does so from a moral economy perspective that correlates populism with notions of social justice, as well as with a perceived lack of acknowledgement and violation of entitlements.

    The full text will be freely available from 2024-09-01 00:00
  • 3.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Außenpolitik2023In: Nordeuropa: Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Studium / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Stockholm International Peace Research Institute2023In: International Encyclopedia of Civil Society / [ed] List, R.A.; Anheier, H.K.; Toepler, S., Cham: Springer, 2023, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Lionel de Rothschild and the Great Irish Famine: The Origins of the British Relief Association2022In: History Ireland, ISSN 0791-8224, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 24-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The present article presents a more detailed picture of the circumstances leading to the formation of the British Relief Association, the major humanitarian effort during the Great Irish Famine, than known hitherto. In particular, it delineates the following: (1) the crucial role of a two-man deputation from the town of Skibbereen, near the south-western coast of Ireland, consisting of protestant ministers Richard B. Townsend and Charles Caulfield, whose activities have hitherto gone unrecognised; (2) the control and manipulation of voluntary relief efforts by British government officials; and (3) the ways in which Baron Lionel Rothschild’s role was deliberately minimised, both by himself and in published records.

  • 6.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Herrmann, Irène
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Universalism in Emergency Aid before and after 1970: Ambivalences and Contradictions2022In: Nationalism and Internationalism Intertwined: A European History of Concepts Beyond the Nation State / [ed] Pasi Ihalainen; Antero Holmila, New York: Berghahn Books, 2022, p. 247-269Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Brewis, Georgina
    University College London.
    Werther, Steffen
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Humanitarianism in the Modern World: The Moral Economy of Famine Relief2020Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an innovative new history of famine relief and humanitarianism. The authors apply a moral economy approach to shed new light on the forces and ideas that motivated and shaped humanitarian aid during the Great Irish Famine, the famine of 1921-1922 in Soviet Russia and the Ukraine, and the 1980s Ethiopian famine. They place these episodes within a distinctive periodisation of humanitarianism which emphasises the correlations with politico-economic regimes: the time of elitist laissez-faire liberalism in the nineteenth century as one of ad hoc humanitarianism; that of Taylorism and mass society from c.1900-1970 as one of organised humanitarianism; and the blend of individualised post-material lifestyles and neoliberal public management since 1970 as one of expressive humanitarianism. The book as a whole shifts the focus of the history of humanitarianism from the imperatives of crisis management to the pragmatic mechanisms of fundraising, relief efforts on the ground, and accounting.

  • 8.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Brewis, Georgina
    Werther, Steffen
    Humanitäre Hilfe: Eine Braudel'sche Perspektive2019In: Freiwilligenarbeit und gemeinnützige Organisationen im Wandel: Neue Perspektiven auf das 19. und 20. jahrhundert / [ed] Nicole Kramer und Christine G. Krüger, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 89-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Emergence of NGOs as Actors on the World Stage2019In: Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations / [ed] Thomas Davies, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019, p. 19-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This overview begins with a discussion of how the term NGO entered international relations in connection with the UN Charter conference. It continues with a chronological sketch of the emergence of NGOs in the nineteenth century. It then discusses the quantitative development of NGOs until today, periodisation issues, and major trends, suggesting a politico-economic perspective in tension with geopolitical IR approaches.

  • 10.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Holmén, Janne
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction to the theme issue: “Mental maps: geographical and historical perspectives”2018In: Journal of Cultural Geography, ISSN 0887-3631, E-ISSN 1940-6320, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 157-161Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Holmén, JanneSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Mental Maps: Geographical and Historical Perspectives2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Mental map’ is a term referring to the way people orientate themselves in their spatial surroundings and how they perceive the world. Alongside ‘cognitive map’, its approximate synonym, the concept of a mental map is established in geography, the behavioral sciences, and psychology. Over the past two decades the idea of mental maps has been adopted by historians in analyzing the construction and dissolution of historical regions, the world views of political elites, and patterns of dominance and subalternity. Despite the resonance the concept of mental maps has had in several disciplines, an international multi-disciplinary conversation on mental maps with an emphasis on cultural patterns is still in its earliest stages. The present special journal issue addresses this situation by bringing together scholars from the fields of history, geography, economics, anthropology, and linguistics, and by using a variety of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The idea of this themed issue emerged at a workshop entitled “Mental Mapping – Historical and Social Science Perspectives”, held 12–13 November 2015 at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, and the Italian Cultural Institute “C.M. Lerici” in Stockholm. The workshop was arranged by the research project Spaces of Expectation: Mental Mapping and Historical Imagination in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Region, a joint venture between Södertörn University and Ca’ Foscari University in Venice.

  • 12.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    FN-medlemskapets (tveksamma) lockelse: Dansk–finska likheter2017In: Danmark og Finland i 100 år (1917–2017): En fælles nordisk historie / [ed] Jens E. Olesen, Greifswald: Universität Greifswald , 2017, p. 159-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 13.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Palmowski, Frank
    Erfurt, Germany.
    Humanitäre Hilfe im Zeitalter Napoleons: Bürgerliche Gesellschaft und transnationale Ressour­cen am Beispiel Erfurts2017In: Historische Zeitschrift, ISSN 0018-2613, E-ISSN 2196-680X, Vol. 305, no 2, p. 362-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how monies raised by the London-based „Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent“ (1805–1815) were distributed by local committees, with the city of Erfurt as an example. Due to a lack of source material for the first campaign in 1805–1806 the focus is on the years 1814–1815. Networks of German immigrants within the British and Foreign Bible Society played a pivotal role on both occasions. Outstanding among them was Ernst August Schwabe, minister of one of the German churches in London and a native of Erfurt. The study shows how the transnational relief effort was organized, the way civil societies in London and Erfurt were interlinked through the aid campaign, and why the Erfurt committee of distribution failed in its trans-regional role. The provision of aid illustrates the diverging interests of donors in immediate emergency relief and of recipients in long-term use of the appropriated resources. A large proportion of the aid eventually went into a fund for war orphans, the disbursal of which was, in practice, controlled by the local women’s association.

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  • 14.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Volksgemeinschaft2017In: Handbuch der völkischen Wissenschaften: Akteure, Netzwerke, Forschungsprogramme / [ed] Michael Fahlbusch, Ingo Haar, and Alexander Pinwinkler, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2017, 2, p. 1268-1277Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    From Neutrality to Membership: Sweden and the United Nations, 1941 to 19462016In: Contemporary European History, ISSN 0960-7773, E-ISSN 1469-2171, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 75-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's relationship with the United Nations fluctuated considerably between 1941 and 1946. This article examines how the Nordic country's own security interests were sometimes viewed as compatible and sometimes at odds with membership of the United Nations. The discussions surrounding Sweden's accession to the United Nations and actions of its first delegates to the international organisation are explored at length. So too is the discrepancy between Sweden's reputation for neutrality and its enthusiastic support for the United Nations, on the one hand, and its internal debates and policy decisions during the 1940s, on the other. Finally, the article explores the ways in which Sweden used the United Nations as an arena in which to manifest both its indifference to security alignment and its exceptionalism in world affairs.

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  • 16.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Mapping the oeuvre of Larry Wolff2016In: Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Strang, Johan
    et al.
    Helsingfors universitet.
    Götz, NorbertSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Nordiskt samarbete i kalla krigets kölvatten: Vittnesseminarium med Uffe Elleman-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Järnridåns snabba söndervittrande rubbade på många av de självklarheter som det nordiska samarbetet och själva föreställningen om Norden byggt på under kalla kriget. De nordiska länderna skulle finna sin plats i ett Europa vars karta ritades om. De skulle navigera i förhållande till en accelererande europeisk integration och de baltiska ländernas självständighetsprocess. Vad skedde med det nordiska samarbetet under denna period? I vilken mån samarbetade länderna kring dessa frågor och i vilken grad föreställde man sig en gemensam framtid för Norden i det nya Europa?

    Denna publikation dokumenterar ett vittnesseminarium om det nordiska samarbetet i kalla krigets kölvatten, som arrangerades den 2 juni 2015. Deltagarna Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck var centrala nordiska aktörer under perioden 1989–95.

    Seminariet och publikationen är resultatet av ett samarbete mellan Samtidshistoriska institutet vid Södertörns högskola och Centrum för Norden-studier vid Helsingfors universitet.

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    Nordiskt samarbete i kalla krigets kölvatten: Vittnesseminarium med Uffe Elleman-Jensen, Mats Hellström och Pär Stenbäck
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  • 18.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The case of the Baltic Sea area: spatial politics and fuzzy regionalism2016In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. IX, no 3, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with political region building by examining the diverging conceptions of the Baltic Sea region since the 1970s. Itmaps the fuzzy geography arising from the enmeshment of territory with a multitude of frameworks for regional action. After 1989, the region became the object of interregional and neighborhood policies established by the European Union, with shifting territorial delimitations according to various internal and geopolitical needs of the day. Drawing on functional, relational, and administrative perspectives, it is shown how spatial definitions surrounding the Baltic Sea region have varied over the past fifty years, revealing those transnational connections that have been valued as worthwhile political investments.

  • 19.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2015In: Das Politische Skandinavien: Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik & Kultur / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Sven Jochem, Siegfried Frech, Schwalbach: Wochenschau , 2015, p. 241-257Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction to the thematic issue ‘Moral Economy: New Perspectives'2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 143-146Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introspective Performance: The Scandinavian Power Investigation as a Politico-Cultural Practice2015In: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding: Power Investigation / [ed] Ainur Elmgren and Norbert Götz, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 4-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    ‘Moral Economy’: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 147-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges E.P. Thompson’s definition of ‘moral economy’ as a traditionalconsensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests thatthe concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moraleconomy was a term invented in the eighteenth century to describe many things.Thompson’s approach reflects only a minor part of this conceptual history. Hisunderstanding of moral economy is conditioned by a dichotomous view of history and bythe acceptance of a model according to which modern economy is not subject to moralconcerns. It is on principle problematic to confine a term conjoining two concepts asgeneral as ‘moral’ and ‘economy’ to a specific historical and social setting. Recentapproaches that frame moral economy as an emotively defined order of morals are alsomisleading since they do not address economic issues in the way they are commonlyunderstood. The most promising current approaches appear to be those that consider themoral economy of welfare, humanitarianism, and civil society. The concept of moraleconomy may help us to clarify alternative ways of ‘utility maximisation’ through theconstruction of altruistic meaning for economic transactions.

  • 23.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, NorbertSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Moral Economy: New Perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Haggrén, Heidi
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Hilson, Mary
    University College London, United Kingdom.
    Nordic Cooperation in the Voluntary Sector2015In: Nordic Cooperation: A European Region in Transition / [ed] Strang, Johan, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 49-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Elmgren, Ainur
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Power Investigation: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding : Introduction2015In: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding: Power Investigation / [ed] Ainur Elmgren and Norbert Götz, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief: British Voluntary Aid to Sweden During the Napoleonic Wars2015In: International History Review, ISSN 0707-5332, E-ISSN 1949-6540, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 519-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The London-based Committee for Relieving the Distressed Inhabitants of Germany, and Other Parts of the Continent is an early example of a large-scale voluntary relief programme that has gone unappreciated in the annals of humanitarianism. The present article examines the period in 1808 and 1809 when this committee redirected its relief efforts to Sweden. The case highlights many issues that beset humanitarianism today. With well-preserved recipient records, it offers insight to aspects of humanitarian encounters that have been markedly under-researched. It examines how foreign-policy interests fostered mis-conceptions about those in need and how such misconceptions resulted in corrupt distribution structures. It shows that asymmetries in the development of civil society impeded the relief effort and that the divergent interests of donors and distributors caused the forms of relief to be inadequate and agency to be lost. Moreover, it illustrates how local elites resisted advice from abroad and how the individual personalities involved shaped policy outcomes. These factors remain issues at the present time and the case of two Protestant European countries with a cultural affinity illustrates how significant they are.

  • 27.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Elmgren, Ainur
    University of Helsinki.
    The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding: Power Investigation2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Power investigation’, or the practice of power to legitimize itself through commissioned programmes of scientific enquiry, is a hallmark of Nordic democracy. Five power investigations have been conducted in the Nordic countries since 1972. The close connection to state power has not dissuaded prominent scholars from participating in them, nor have their findings evoked strong criticism. Combining politically guided perspectives with collaborative research, power investigations represent public events that typify the ostensibly open political culture of the Nordic countries, rather than simply existing as texts or as a politico-scientific genre. Although such investigations have been thought of as critical studies of power, the authors in this book show that their findings have varied greatly and that they have served as tools for wielding power. Whatever shortcomings they uncover, the utility of these investigations in suggesting transparency and self-reflection enhances the legitimacy of Scandinavian government. The investigations are persuasive exercises through which the commissioning authorities and those scholars hired to carry them out engage in a mutually beneficial exchange. Underlying this strategy is the perception, deeply embedded in Nordic political culture, that politics is a progressive, rational endeavour, and that identification with the state is an honourable role for academics.

    Table of Contents

    1. ‘Power Investigation: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding’: Introduction Ainur Elmgren and Norbert Götz

    2. Introspective Performance: The Scandinavian Power Investigation as a Politico-Cultural Practice Norbert Götz

    3. From the Swedish Model to the Open Society: The Swedish Power Investigation and the Power to Investigate Power, 1985 – 1990 Carl Marklund

    4. Three Nordic Power Investigations on the Repercussions of the European Union on Sovereignty and Democracy Ann-Cathrine Jungar

    5. ‘Power Investigation’ Neglected: The Case of the Finnish Newspaper Helsingin Sanomat Lotta Lounasmeri

    6. Power and Society in Finland: Change and Continuity Ainur Elmgren

    7. Justice and EU Foreign Policy Alex Prichard

    8. Informal Governance and the Eurozone Crisis Alexandra Hennessy

  • 28.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Abolition, Bible, Relief: The Origins of Global Civil Society2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Paper analyses the voluntary action of the London-based Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, a set of humanitarian relief campaigns in the years 1805-1815, and its connections with the advocacy work of the anti-slavery movement and that of the British and Foreign Bible Society. While advocacy is a well-known dimension of early transnational civil society, early humanitarian relief services across borders are virtually unknown to research. This paper argues that advocacy and service were always interrelated and co-evolved as the two principal dimensions of global civil society already at the turn from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.

  • 29.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Marklund, Carl
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Introduction2014In: The Paradox of Openness: Transparency and Participation in Nordic Cultures of Consensus / [ed] Götz, Norbert; Marklund, Carl, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction: Collective Identities in Baltic and East Central Europe2014In: The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender / [ed] Götz, Norbert, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2014, p. 11-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Introduction: Collective Identities in Baltic and East Central Europe
  • 31.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Neutralität und Kooperation, Engagement und Intervention: Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2014In: Der Burger im Staat, ISSN 0007-3121, Vol. 64, no 2-3, p. 176-182Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik der im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert entstandenen skandinavischen Nationalstaaten hat unterschiedliche Phasen durchlaufen. Eine in den 1930er Jahren zunächst noch gemeinsam verfolgte Neutralitätspolitik blieb angesichts der machtpolitischen Konstellationen während des Zweiten Weltkriegs erfolglos. Nach 1945 waren die nordeuropäischen Länder bestrebt, ihre Souveränität zu wahren und sich im beginnenden Kalten Krieg zu positionieren. 1948 wurde eine skandinavische Verteidigungsunion erwogen, die letztlich an den Differenzen der nordischen Staaten scheiterte. Dänemark, Norwegen und Island wurden Gründungsmitglieder der NATO, während Schweden seine neutralitätspolitische Tradition fortführte und Finnland aufgrund der Grenzlage zur UdSSR einen pragmatischen Kurs verfolgte. Um die unterschiedlichen sicherheitspolitischen Orientierungen zu kompensieren, wurde 1952 der Nordische Rat gegründet. In den 1960er Jahren wurde der Kurs einer aktiven und in internationaler Hinsicht stärker politisierten Außenpolitik eingeschlagen. In der Europapolitik hingegen zeigten sich die nordischen Länder eher zögerlich. Ambivalent gestaltete sich auch die Kooperation mit den baltischen Ländern Estland, Lettland und Litauen. Die seit 2005 zu beobachtende Renaissance der nordischen Zusammenarbeit vermag die Heterogenität der von den skandinavischen Staaten verfolgten Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik nicht zu überdecken.

  • 32.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    One Per Cent for Development: Rationales of Swedish Donorship2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been one of the major providers of development aid to Third World countries, measured in per cent of the gross national income (GNI). Since the mid-1970s the country has always surpassed the 0.7 per cent goal propagated by the United Nations and sometimes exceeded the own, more ambitious goal of one per cent. The paper examines a variety of explanations for this extraordinary donor behavior and concludes that it may best be explained by ideological and strategic considerations made public by Swedish decision makers on both the national and the global level. Development aid has been an investment in international prestige and influence and, during the Cold War, also a marker of Swedish non-alignment in security policy matters. At the same time, the consonance of having a comprehensive domestic welfare system alongside the idea that international assistance should be given to those in need has given the country a consistent image. Domestically, development aid has been an issue that created an opportunity for social democrats to characterize the centre-right parties as divided on a foreign policy issue.

  • 33.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Patron, Kin, and Fellow Believer: Transnational Relief for Ireland 1845–18512014In: On conference websit, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The famine of the 1840s is a historical landmark, a lieux de memoire not only of Irish, but of European and transatlantic history. Like writing on the wall it bears witness to the malfunction of the then hegemonic liberal doctrine and to the ignorance of the mightiest power of the time – the British Empire. Whereas these issues are recurrent subjects for discussion, the voluntary relief effort at the time has been little studied. This paper argues that this effort highlights the transnational capacity of civil society at the time and it shows the ambiguity of voluntary transnationalism with roots in imperial and diaspora constellations and in a wider context of religious and humanitarian driving forces.

  • 34.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Rationales of Humanitarianism: The Case of British Relief to Germany, 1805–18152014In: Journal of Modern European History, ISSN 1611-8944, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 186-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the British humanitarian relief campaign initiated by the Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent (1805–1815). It demonstrates the significance of two aspects for the campaign: the activism of London-based immigrant communities on the one hand, and British solidarity with allied countries during the Napoleonic Wars and the related matter of national mobilisation against France on the other. While immigrant activism was a major driving force of the campaign, its impact depended on the integration of immigrants into British society and on the mobilisation of Britons. Moreover, while the alliance with German states was often underlined in the publicity efforts of the campaign, wider humanitarian concerns were also addressed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Rationales_of_Humanitarianism_(Gotz_JMEH_2014, author version)
  • 35.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Concept of Openness: Promise and Paradox2014In: The Paradox of Openness: Transparency and Participation in Nordic Cultures of Consensus / [ed] Götz, Norbert; Marklund, Carl, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 10-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Marklund, CarlSödertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    The Paradox of Openness: Transparency and Participation in Nordic Cultures of Consensus2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘open society’ has become a watchword of liberal democracy and the market system in the modern globalized world. Openness stands for individual opportunity and collective reason, as well as bottom-up empowerment and top-down transparency. It has become a cherished value, despite its vagueness and the connotation of vulnerability that surrounds it. Scandinavia has long considered itself a model of openness, citing traditions of freedom of information and inclusive policy making. This collection of essays traces the conceptual origins, development, and diverse challenges of openness in the Nordic countries and Austria. It examines some of the many paradoxes that openness encounters and the tensions it arouses when it addresses such divergent ends as democratic deliberation and market transactions, freedom of speech and sensitive information, compliant decision making and political and administrative transparency, and consensual procedures and the toleration of dissent.

  • 37.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The essays in this collection present research on national, class, and gender identities in the Baltic Sea Region and Eastern Europe being conducted by researchers based at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Stockholm. The contributors focus on transnational flow as they explore Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Lithuanian, Moldovan, Polish, Russian, and Swedish instances, and the region at large. The studies examine fluid identities in a historical perspective and show how notions of identity have been naturalised in specific contexts.

    This book is issued in conjunction with the fifteenth anniversary of the Swedish Institute of Contemporary History. By bringing to the public the most current findings in Baltic and East European studies and offering an overview of work done by the institute’s researchers, it hopes to demonstrate the fruitfulness of opening contemporary history to broader regional and transnational approaches.

    Dr Norbert Götz is professor of history at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Sweden.

    Download full text (pdf)
    The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender
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  • 38.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Asymmetry in Civil Society Development and Its Implications for Archival Preservation2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Continuation War or War of Revenge?: Guilt and Morality [review of [Henrik Stenius, Mirja Österberg and Johan Östling (eds). Nordic Narratives of the Second World War: National Historiographies Revisited. Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011.]2013In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 51-52Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Das schwedische Volksheimdenken der Zwischenkriegszeit: Problem oder Lösung?2013In: Gemeinschaftsdenken in Europa: Das Gesellschaftskonzept ‘Volksheim’ im Vergleich 1900–1938 / [ed] Detlef Lehnert, Colgne: Böhlau, 2013, p. 133-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Friberg, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Det globala civilsamhällets moraliska ekonomi: Historien om den frivilliga livsmedelshjälpen2013In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 1, p. 23-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Distressed Germans – British Benefactors: Collective Identities at the Time of the Napoleonic Wars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Heku Pecha Kucha2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introspective Performance: The Scandinavian Power Investigation as a Politico-Cultural Practice2013In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, ISSN 1478-2804, E-ISSN 1478-2790, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 341-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transdisciplinary coherence of area studies can be enhanced through a cross-fertilisation of historical and social sciences with concepts derived from philology and cultural studies. The five Scandinavian power investigations (Norway 1972–1982, Sweden 1985–1990, Denmark 1997–2003, Norway 1997–2003, and Finland 2007–2010) are here recognised as a unique body of work. Blending politically guided perspectives with collaborative scholarly analysis, these investigations represent events rather than texts. For this reason the concept of genre does not sufficiently capture their essence. Instead, power investigations are seen as comprehensive politico-cultural practices identified by 14 characteristics imported from the humanities. The utility of these investigations in suggesting transparency and self-reflection enhances the legitimacy of Scandinavian government.

  • 45.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    On the Origins of ‘Parliamentary Diplomacy’: Scandinavian ‘Bloc Politics’ and Delegation Policy in the League of Nations2013In: International Diplomacy: vol. 1: Diplomatic Institutions / [ed] Iver B. Neumann and Halvard Leira, London: Sage Publications, 2013, p. 237-253Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from the observation of a renaissance of the term ‘parliamentarydiplomacy’ in practical politics – if with a shift of meaning fromparliamentary methods and procedures toward parliamentary agents –this article pleads for a scholarly adaptation of the concept and suggestsnot to neglect either of these dimensions. Reviewing the history of theLeague of Nations, in particular its creation and the policies and patternsof delegation and group formation pursued by the Scandinaviancountries, the historical interrelation of the aspect of strategic alignmentand representative delegation of legislators is shown.International relations theory, in particular constructivist approaches,should note that the twentieth century’s contribution to diplomatic history,meaning the emergence of multilateral diplomacy on a regularbasis, is parliamentary not only in regard to the character of itsproceedings, but also increasingly in regard to some of the relevantdiplomatic agents.

  • 46. Elmgren, Ainur
    et al.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Power Investigation: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding : Introduction2013In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, ISSN 1478-2804, E-ISSN 1478-2790, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 338-340Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Elmgren, Ainur
    Power Investigation: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding : Special Issue2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18152013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary transnational humanitarian aid dates back to the Napoleonic Wars, when affiliates of the British and Foreign Bible Society and some other British subjects, frequently of immigrant background, organized a relief campaign to the benefit of certain allied nations, in particular in Germany and Sweden. The paper accounts for the little known origins of transnational relief and asks for the driving forces of donors, examines the impact of their help, and problematizes the interaction of providers and recipients of aid. The focus will be  on how morality, politics, and economy were interwoven with one another. The paper also discusses the lessons that can be drawn from this early example of humanitarian aid, and which lasting structural problems were evident already two-hundred years ago.

  • 49.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Future of Area Studies2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief’: British Humanitarian and Medical Assistance to Sweden During the Napoleonic Wars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
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