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  • 1.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ericson, StaffanSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.Stiernstedt, FredrikSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Classics in Media Theory2024Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This comprehensive collection introduces and contextualizes media studies’ most influential texts and thinkers, from early 20th century mass communication to the first stages of digital culture in the 21st century. The volume brings together influential theories about media, mediation and communication, as well as the relationships between media, culture and society. Each chapter presents a close reading of a classic text, written by a contemporary media studies scholar. Each contributor presents a summary of this text, relates it to the traditions of ideas in media studies and highlights its contemporary relevance. The text explores the core theoretical traditions of media studies: in particular, cultural studies, mass communication research, medium theory and critical theory, helping students gain a better understanding of how media studies has developed under shifting historical conditions and giving them the tools to analyse their contemporary situation. This is essential reading for students of media and communication and adjacent fields such as journalism studies, sociology and cultural studies.

  • 2.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Dallas Smythe (1977) Communications: Blindspot of western marxism2024In: Classics in Media Theory / [ed] Stina Bengtsson, Staffan Ericson, Fredrik Stiernstedt, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2024, p. 211-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dallas Smythe’s article from 1977 is a milestone in the analysis of the political economy of the media. Here, Smythe argued that the role of communication had not been given sufficient attention within Marxist thought. Smythe formulated a materialist theory of communication, and put issues of class, capitalism, and commodification on the agenda. The article gave rise to key debate in the field of the political economy of the media and of how to understand the complex role(s) of communication within capitalism. Today, Smythe’s text has gained new significance in an era of commercial surveillance and digital commodification in the platform economy.

  • 3.
    Lindell, J.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, P.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Does it Make a Difference?: Television’s Misrepresentation of the Working-Class as Cultivation Effects2024In: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, ISSN 0883-8151, E-ISSN 1550-6878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has concluded that the working-class is largely invisible on television. When the working-class is displayed; however, common frames highlight moral shortcomings and lack of responsibility. This study asks what difference such representations make. The study relies on cultivation analysis and a survey of the adult Swedish population to understand the extent to which heavy television viewers provide “television answers” in their descriptions of and attitudes toward the working-class. While some results are inconsistent, heavy television viewers seem more prone to view social inequalities as the result of working-class people's failure to take responsibility for their own well-being. 

  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ericson, Staffan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Introduction2024In: Classics in Media Theory / [ed] Stina Bengtsson, Staffan Ericson, Fredrik Stiernstedt, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2024, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the editors of this book was once a participant in a seminar with a famous French sociologist. The professor gave advice about projects and research ideas to the researchers and doctoral students that were participating. Then, someone asked the question of how best to understand one’s contemporaries and contemporary society. Perhaps the person asking the question had expected an answer about innovative research methods or about which social phenomena could say the most about the times we live in. But the sociologist had other advice. He said: stop following the noise of the news, turn off your feeds, and use the time you earn to re-read sociology’s classic texts. There was silence in the room. Would the way to understand the society of the 21st century go via texts written at the end of the 19th century, by people like Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Georg Simmel?.

  • 5.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media resentment2024In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 245-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on an interview study from Sweden (n = 80), this article develops the concept of media resentment as a tool for understanding contemporary developments such as the diminished trust in news media and journalism. We view media resentment as a complex of feelings and ideas that are both individual and social, embodied, and ideal. Media resentment is defined as the feeling that the media – intentionally or unintentionally – are denying you or endangering what you have rightfully earned, whether by not giving it to you, by directly telling you to abstain from it or by intervening in social processes so that your enjoyment of what you have earned becomes impossible.

  • 6.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Messenger is the Medium: Newspaper carriers, union struggles, and newspaper development in Sweden during the 20th century2024In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 31-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore the history of Swedish newspaper carriers through the lens of the union struggles within the Swedish Transport Workers’ Union. This focus allows us to make visible the influence of a profession that has largely been overlooked in media history. Mobilizing around working conditions, the workers put pressure on the newspapers in terms of the size and weight of the papers with consequences for the editorial work. There was also a strong stance against commercial advertising and additional supplements that had consequences for the financial situation of newspapers. Hence, through their union struggles newspaper carriers directly influenced the outlook of newspapers in Sweden in the post-war era. In extension, we consider newspaper carriers as soft media infrastructures that had a crucial role and influence on the formation of the Swedish public.

  • 7.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindell, Johan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media policy attitudes and political attitudes: the politization of media policy and the support for the 'media welfare state'2023In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 431-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has neglected media audiences' and citizens' opinions on how the media should be organized, how they should function in society and what individual, corporate and state responsibilities should be in regard to these questions. In an attempt to understand the relationship between citizens' broader political attitudes and their attitudes on media-related politics and responsibilities, this study uses a survey (n = 2003) of the adult Swedish population to investigate the distribution of a range of media political attitudes in the contemporary space of political positions. The results reveal overlaps between the space of media political attitudes and the broader political space, where support for a Nordic 'media welfare state' corresponds to leftist and GAL-oriented values, while TAN-oriented and right-wing attitudes link to scepticism towards state interventionism in the media landscape. A small but highly opinionated right-wing and TAN-oriented segment displays laissez-faire views on media policy that are reflected in current policy propositions from right-wing political parties in parliament.

  • 8.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindell, Johan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Normative foundations of media welfare: Perspectives from the Nordic countries2023In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 305-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does media welfare mean from a normative perspective? The notion of media welfare and "the media welfare state" has mainly been used descriptively, to depict the particular way in which the media are organized in the Nordic welfare states. In this article, we explore media welfare from a normative perspective. Our intention is to open up a discussion about the normative and political implications of the notion of media welfare and to bring the concept into the contemporary discussion on normative perspectives regarding the media.

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  • 9.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Prison Media: Incarceration and the Infrastructures of Work and Technology2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How prisoners serve as media laborers, while the prison serves as a testing ground for new media technologies.

    Prisons are not typically known for cutting-edge media technologies. Yet from photography in the nineteenth century to AI-enhanced tracking cameras today, there is a long history of prisons being used as a testing ground for technologies that are later adopted by the general public. If we recognize the prison as a central site for the development of media technologies, how might that change our understanding of both media systems and carceral systems? Prison Media foregrounds the ways in which the prison is a model space for the control and transmission of information, a place where media is produced, and a medium in its own right.

    Examining the relationship between media and prison architecture, as surveillance and communication technologies are literally built into the facilities, this study also considers the ways in which prisoners themselves often do hard labor as media workers—labor that contributes in direct and indirect ways to the latest technologies developed and sold by multinational corporations like Amazon. There is a fine line between ankle monitors and Fitbits, and Prison Media helps us make sense of today's carceral society. 

  • 10.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Logsdon, Alexis
    Seuferling, Philipp
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Serving Machines and Heterotopias: Data Entry Work in Prisons and Refugee Camps in the US and Uganda2023In: Media Backends: Digital Infrastructures and Sociotechnical Relations / [ed] Lisa Parks; Julia Velkova; Sander de Ridder, Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2023, p. 144-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Jakobsson, P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Trust and the Media: Arguments for the (Irr)elevance of a Concept2023In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 479-495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides a discussion of some of the recent research on media trust focusing on arguments for why media trust matters. What are the arguments for why trust is important? Are there reasons to accept these arguments? We identify three distinct arguments in the literature. First, that it is important for media organizations and for the media as an industry. Secondly, that media trust is essential for democratic citizenship and for bringing forth informed individuals with the capacity for political engagement. Lastly, that media trust is similar to other forms of (social) trust and connected to a wider existential discussion on ontological security. None of these arguments are totally convincing when inspected more closely and in light of empirical research. The article thus concludes that there is a lack of strong arguments for why falling levels of trust in the news media are legitimately described as a crisis or a problem. A supposed “trust crisis” mainly exists when viewed from what must be described as a rather narrow ideological and normative perspective.

  • 12.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Medier, tillit och information2022Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The proposed urgent project has the purpose to collect thick, qualitative material on how citizens’ media trust evolves during the Corona pandemic. During the last two decades discussions of a crisis of trust have been emerging in democratic societies. Contemporary debates about fake news and disinformation have contributed further to the challenges of shrinking trust in especially the media. The Corona pandemic has made research into media trust even more important. In turbulent times, the amount and speed of misinformation, i.e. false information that is spread unknowingly, and disinformation, i.e. false information that is spread deliberately, accelerates. The proposed project will document the development of media trust in Sweden with the help of diaries and in-depth interviews. It is a unique opportunity to see media trust rapidly changing that will allow us to learn for future crises, but also help to re-conceptualize media trust more generally. The collected material will be made accessible for other research projects.

  • 13.
    Lindell, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The media welfare state: A citizen perspective2022In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 330-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades the Nordic media model has been challenged by neoliberal policy and welfare retrenchment. This study asks about the extent to which the values, functions and institutions of the "media welfare state" are supported by the adult Swedish citizenry, despite political mobilization against it. Drawing on a national survey (n = 2003) this study shows that the media welfare state is generally well-supported by the population. Using exploratory statistical analysis, we identify a media welfare state of mind. While widespread in the population, this attitudinal constellation is more common in older segments of the population, in the working-class, and by those who frequently use and trust public service media. The main conclusion is that support for the media welfare state primarily can be explained by political attitudes, where left-leaning and GAL-oriented individuals are more positive than people holding right-wing and TAN-attitudes.

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  • 14.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Prison Media Complex: Labour, Technology and Communication Infrastructures in the Prison System2022In: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prisons are a recurring topic and backdrop in the popular culture of the Global North. They often serve as spectacular environments that seem far removed from most people’s everyday lives. This article develops the notion of the prison media complex and discusses material entanglements between prisons and private media industries via the production of media technologies, consumption of communication, and technology development in the prison sector. The article seeks to answer the question of how we can conceptualise the prison media complex (PMC) from a materialist perspective. Taking the Swedish context as a starting point, we analyse the economic and material connections that characterise the PMC in this national context. Drawing on archival data, participant observations at prison technology tradeshows and a prison sector conference, as well as freedom of information requests, we bring nuance to the picture of media and communication technologies, as technologies of freedom are also based on unfreedom and captivity.

  • 15.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Lindell, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Vad tycker medborgarna om public service?2022In: Public Service: En svensk kunskapsöversikt / [ed] Bjerling, Johannes, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2022, p. 92-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 16.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindell, Johan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    A Neoliberal Media Welfare State?: The Swedish Media System in Transformation2021In: Javnost - The Public, ISSN 1318-3222, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 375-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of the Media Welfare State describes Nordic specificity in how media are organised and how they serve a lively and inclusive democracy. This article engages in a dialogue in regards to the contention that this media system has persisted in the midst of rapid social change. We synthesise previous research and documented changes in media policy in Sweden, covering the last three decades, to show the ways in which the Swedish media system has undergone significant transformations. Media use is becoming more polarised and connected to social class. The state is retreating from its involvement in media policy; consequently, the press and public service media are facing unprecedented challenges. Finally, the "consensual" relation between media companies and the state, which is said to be typical for the media welfare state, no longer characterises the media market. While some of the features of the media welfare state system remain in Sweden, the current media system is best characterised as a neoliberal media welfare state. The article discusses tensions and conflicts in the existing model and possible future developments.

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  • 17.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Free Churches of the Air: the History of Community Radio in Sweden2021In: Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, ISSN 0143-9685, E-ISSN 1465-3451, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 317-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish community radio started in 1979 and was the first type of broadcast to be organised outside of the public service monopoly that had been in operation since 1924. This article unveils some of the aspects of the history of Swedish community radio. Through analysis of first-hand sources from the period between 1979 and 1985, the article sheds new light on the history of Swedish community radio by using the archives from the parliamentary committee setting up community radio, public inquiries, parliamentary minutes and other sources of political discourse The analysis shows that religious interests, and especially the free churches and the Pentecostal movement, played an important role for establishing community radio. The connections between the religious field and the political field in Sweden were manifold and strong in relation to the development of community broadcasting, which also had a marked effect on how the reform was designed and how it played out. During the early years of community radio, churches dominated the broadcasts, in some cities being responsible for as much as 100% of the content produced. Hence, this article sheds light on a yet untold story of Swedish media history and shows how the interests of religious organisations can be a driving force in the development of media policy and a driver of media change. It also shows that the community broadcasting reform was a catalyst within Swedish Christianity for starting to work systematically with technologies and issues related to the developing media saturated society.

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  • 18.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Fängelser och medier: arbete, arkitektur och teknikutveckling2021In: Tidskrift för Kriminalvård, ISSN 0040-6821, no December 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förhållandet mellan fängelser och medier utforskas i en ny bok av medieforskarna Anne Kaun och Fredrik Stiernstedt. I boken Prison Media – Work, Architecture and Technology Development används såväl historiska som nutida exempel för att analysera hur fängelser varit – och är – av central betydelse för utvecklingen av mediesystem och kommunikationsinfrastrukturer, men också hur fängelser i sig själva kan förstås som en slags medier. 

  • 19.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindell, Johan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Introduction Class in/and the media: On the importance of class in media and communication studies2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no s3, p. 1-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20. Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Kaun, AnneSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.Stiernstedt, FredrikSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Machine Intelligences2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Prison papers: Between alternative and mainstream2021In: Journal of Alternative and Community Media, ISSN 2634-4726, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 197-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with the history of Swedish prison papers, situating them as alternative media within the broader media landscape shaped by the emergence and dismantling of the welfare state. The article not only aims to give a descriptive account of the history of Swedish prison papers but also builds and further develops theorizations of alternative media by constructing them not in opposition to established media but as in dialogue and exchange with them. As we show, prison papers have had repercussions for mainstream discourses beyond catering to niche audiences. Therefore, we suggest that alternative media should be understood as part of the broader media landscape rather than being situated outside of it. This also has implications for how we conceptualize newly emerging alternative media, also called alt-media, that are not progressive but populist and right-wing oriented, as well as supportive of conspiracy theories. 

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  • 22.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Prison Tech: Imagining the Prison as Lagging Behind and as a Test Bed for Technology Advancement2021In: Communication, Culture & Critique, ISSN 1753-9129, E-ISSN 1753-9137, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 69-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the ways in which prisons are imagined as sites of technology development. By attending to expos that showcase prison technologies and constitute “live theatres of technology” (L. Cornfeld, 2018), we carve out ambivalent sociotechnical imaginaries of technological backwardness that are combined with the idea of radical technological innovation to reform the justice system. In doing so, we highlight the prison as one site of technology development and actors at technology trade shows catering to the prison and security sector as platforms for technological mediators that range from corporate prison tech companies to educators as well as representatives of the criminal justice system. The expos emerge as sites where technological development is negotiated through performative sociotechnical imaginaries of prison tech.

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  • 23.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Shaming Working-Class People on Reality Television: Perspectives from Swedish Television Production2021In: Mediated Shame of Class and Poverty Across Europe / [ed] Reifová, Irena; Hájek, Martin, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 125-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the production of representations of classed identities and of the consequences of social inequalities on Reality Television. Although misrepresentations and shaming of working-class persons on Reality Television have been analysed in previous research, there is a lack of attempts at trying to understand and explain the existence of these representations within the genre, especially through research on the production of Reality Television. This chapter employs a socio-cognitive perspective on media production through which we seek to explain how the socially situated perspective of media producers is translated into the products that come out of media institutions.

  • 24.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The voices we trust: Public trust in news and information about COVID-19 on Swedish Radio2021In: Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media, ISSN 1476-4504, E-ISSN 2040-1388, Vol. 19, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the question of trust in news and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus of the article is on trust in radio news and the data are collected in Sweden during spring 2020. Two questions are asked: (1) to what extent do people in Sweden express trust in the radio as a medium, and radio news and information as a form of content? (2) How do people themselves explain and discuss their trust in the radio as a medium and in radio news and information? The article draws on both survey data and qualitative interviews in answering these questions. The results show that radio, together with television, is the most trusted medium in the population but that there are differences in the extent of trust within the population that are related to age, economic status and political affiliation. The qualitative interviews showed that the specificities of how radio is organized and the form and mode of expression of radio news can help explain the high trust in the radio medium during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • 25.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Doing time, the smart way? Temporalities of the smart prison2020In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 1580-1599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article engages with the notion of the smart prison to develop an understanding of emerging temporalities of digital technologies. The prison context serves here as a magnifying glass that makes certain contradictions and paradoxes of the digital imperative visible. Starting with a brief discussion of smart technology discourses, the article explores the temporalities of real-timeness, prediction and pre-emption that are entangled with digital technologies. Analysing the Spartan RFID tracking tool, the use of algorithms in prison administration and a mobile phone application used in Swedish probation, the article identifies a desynchronization between the temporalities of the incarcerated individuals’ lived experience and the (imagined) temporalities of the smart prison. The findings point to developments that are relevant for the smart, digital society beyond the prison walls.

  • 26.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hallbladet - fängelsetidningen som ibland tog sig över muren2020In: Lyssnade medierna på användarnas kritik?: Användarnas ombudsmän samt kampen om kommentarsfälten / [ed] Torbjörn von Krogh, Bromma: Svensk Mediehistorisk Förening , 2020, p. 155-176Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Herbert Schiller: Mass Communications and American Empire (1969)2020In: Medievetenskapens idétraditioner / [ed] Stina Bengtsson; Staffan Ericson; Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, p. 139-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Velkova, Julia
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Laaksonen, Salla-Maaria
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Delfanti, Alessandro
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    Logsdon, Alexis
    University of Minnesota Libraries, USA.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lehtiniemi, Tuukka
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Ruckenstein, Minna
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    In the Shadows of the Digital Economy: The Ghost Work of Infrastructural Labor2020In: Selected Papers of Internet Research 2020, The Association of Internet Researchers , 2020, no 0Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What does digital piecework have in common with laboring in the warehouse of a large online shopping platform? How is data cleaning related to digitization work and AI training in prisons? This panel suggests bringing these diverse ways of laboring in the digital economies together by considering these practices as infrastructural labor that takes the shape of shadow work (Illich, 1981) and ghost labor (Gray & Suri, 2019). Work and labor in modern, capitalist society imply power, authority and possibility for resistance, and these dimensions are crucial for understanding why and how infrastructures are realized and how they work. Infrastructure labor is ambiguous. It is both visible and invisible depending on the specific tasks and their inherent power relations (Leigh Star & Strauss, 1999). It includes both manual and cognitive labor. It is geared towards innovation as well as repair, maintenance and servitude. The panel aims to paint the contours of infrastructural labor at the margins of digital economies pointing towards forms of alienation and resistance that have for long been part of labor relations, but that are renegotiated in the context of emerging technologies within digital economies that need human labor to be sustained and further innovated.

  • 29.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ericson, Staffan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Introduktion2020In: Medievetenskapens idétraditioner / [ed] Stina Bengtsson, Staffan Ericson, Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, p. 13-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ericson, StaffanSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.Stiernstedt, FredrikSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Medievetenskapens idétraditioner2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som vill förstå dagens mediesamhälle har mycket att hämta genom att återvända till tidigare analyser, teorier och idéer – till vad som kunde kallas för medievetenskapens idétraditioner. Den här antologin inventerar och förmedlar ett förråd av traditioner och texter, fyllt av verktyg för att navigera i det samtida medielandskapet. Varje kapitel behandlar en klassisk medievetenskaplig text och placerar den i sitt historiska och vetenskapliga sammanhang; presenterar en närläsning av dess centrala innehåll och diskuterar dess relevans idag. Bokens kapitel är tänkta att erbjuda ett stöd till egen läsning av originaltexterna, inte att ersätta sådan läsning. Boken riktar sig till studenter och lärare i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap och närliggande ämnen samt andra som intresserar sig för medievetenskapens idétraditioner.

  • 31.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Prison media work: from manual labor to the work of being tracked2020In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 42, no 7-8, p. 1277-1292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incarcerated individuals have long contributed to crucial societal infrastructures. Frombeing leased work force building the railway in the United States to constructing canalsystems in Sweden, prisoners’ labor has been widespread as an important part ofvalue production. Part of the labor conducted by incarcerated people is related tothe production, repair, and maintenance of media devices and media infrastructuresconstituting what we call prison media work. In this article, we trace the changinglogics of prison media work historically since the inception of the modern prison at theturn of the 20th century. Based on archival material, interviews, and field observations,we outline a shift from physical manual labor toward the work of being tracked thatis constitutive of surveillance capitalism in- and outside of the prison. We argue thatprison media work holds an ambiguous position combining elements of exploitationand rehabilitation, but most importantly it is a dystopian magnifying glass of media workunder surveillance capitalism.

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  • 32.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Uppsala universitet.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Research Note 3: Användning av spårningsappar på mobiltelefonen: Medier, information och tillit under pandemin2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 33.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Uppsala universitet.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Research Note 4: Tillit och följsamhet till råd och rekommendationer2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Swedish Media Research in the Service of Psychological Defence During the Cold War?2020In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we address the history of Nordic media research through a case study of the formation of media research in Sweden in the 1950s and 1960s and the role that The Board for Psychological Defence played in the formation of Swedish academic media re-search during the Cold War era. Based on archival research, we find that the impact of the psychological defence on Swedish media research was mainly concentrated to one Swedish university, and that the impact on the theoretical and methodological development of the discipline has been rather limited. This distinguishes the Swedish case from what has been argued in historical research on the development of media and communication research in the US.

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  • 35.
    Lindell, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The field of television production: Genesis, structure and position-takings2020In: Poetics (Amsterdam. Print), ISSN 0304-422X, E-ISSN 1872-7514, Vol. 80, article id 101432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a leading scholar of the social conditions of cultural production, Pierre Bourdieu had little to say about large-scale media production. This study, however, brings the theoretical-empirical program that underpins studies of fields of cultural production within the Bourdieusian tradition to bear upon the Swedish field of television production. Two research questions are posed. First, what is the structure of the field of television production—what are the main hierarchies that divide agents in the field? Second, how do positions in the field correspond to agents’ ways of orienting themselves—how are various position-takings distributed in the field? These questions are answered with a multiple correspondence analysis with agents in the Swedish field of television production (n = 378). The field of television production is structured, first, along an incumbent-challenger axis; and second, according to an axis separating public service broadcasters and journalists rich on cultural capital from commercial broadcasters involved in drama and entertainment production. These dynamics, along with the position-takings assumed by agents in the field, are discussed.

  • 36.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Defusing the male working class: Populist politics and reality television2019In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 22, no 5-6, p. 545-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an analysis of the makeover reality show Real Men, which was broadcast on Swedish television in 2016. The analysis shows that Real Men – like other shows of its genre – functions as a form of ‘governmentality’ through which forms of neoliberal subjectivity are propagated and pedagogically enforced on ‘bad subjects’. However, the show surpasses the genre conventions by questioning the authority of the norms and values (i.e. middle-class, cosmopolitan and urban values) that are being propagated and in letting the values held by the working-class men on the show eventually be victorious and accepted within the narrative. The purpose of this article is to try to make sense of a popular cultural artefact such as Real Men against the background of the crisis of legitimacy for the neoliberal ideology and the rise of (right-wing) populism, and to try to understand how the forms and genres of popular culture transform and respond to this changing political context. © The Author(s) 2018.

  • 37.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Doing time / Time Done: Exploring the temporalities of datafication in the Smart Prison2019In: Mediated Time: Perspectives on Time in a Digital Age / [ed] Maren Hartmann; Elizabeth Prommer, Karin Deckner, Stephan Görland, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 129-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 38.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, FredrikSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den tionde april 2019 fyllde professor Göran Bolin 60 år. Vänner och kollegor inom medie- och kommunikationsvetenskapen i Sverige och utomlands tog tillfället i akt och förärade honom denna bok.

    Bidragen i boken tar upp en rad olika teman och ämnen som på olika sätt anknyter till Görans gärning: Här återfinns texter om mediegenerationer, medialisering, fält och kulturell produktion och vår förhoppning är att den återger något av den spännvidd som finns i dagens medievetenskapliga forskning. Vi hoppas också att bokens kapitel i någon mening fångar den slags medievetenskap som vi uppfattar att Göran står för: En medievetenskap som kombinerar samhällsvetenskapliga och humanistiska traditioner, en empirisk, kritisk forskning som närmar sig tidens stora frågor med ett historiskt grundat och teoretiskt välinformerat perspektiv.

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    Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin
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  • 39.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Fängelse, arbete, medier2019In: Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin / [ed] Peter Jakobsson; Fredrik Stiernstedt, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 187-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Fängelse, arbete, medier
  • 40.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Golovko, Irina
    Södertörn University.
    Volunteering as Media Work: The Case of the Eurovision Song Contest2019In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 231-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores volunteering in relation to the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC), which took place in Stockholm in 2016 and in Kyiv in 2017, with the aim of shedding light on volunteering as a form of “media work”. Following from this, the article aims to problematize the theoretical concept of free labour and analyse the symbolic exchanges and currencies involved in employing a “free” labour force. Through interviews with volunteers, this article explores what volunteers at huge media events do, how their work is organized, and what motivates them. The empirical basis for this article is an interview study with volunteers and volunteer organizers of the ESC in Stockholm (May 2016) and in Kyiv (May 2017), complemented with a document analysis of volunteer guidebooks and organizational reports. The article shows that eventfulness is an essential part of what volunteer labour brings to an event such as the ESC. It is also a key element in the production of economic value: eventfulness is a currency that expresses the value of the event itself and is a key feature of place branding. Furthermore, eventfulness – along with the feeling of being a part of an event, of something bigger, as it unfolds in time – is a key feature of the motivation for the volunteers who contribute with unpaid labour. As such, eventfulness can also be understood as a form of currency or symbolic capital that forms the main remuneration or “wage” earned by volunteers at an event such as the ESC.

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  • 41.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Arbetarklassens symboliska utplåning i medelklassens medier2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport redovisas resultat från den existerande forskningen – både i Sverige och internationellt – kring relationerna mellan samhällsklass och medier. Bland annat ser vi att arbetarklassen är kraftigt underrepresenterad och osynliggjord – den undanhålls både röst och erkännande – i svenska medier och att avsaknaden av representation i medierna kan leda till en (berättigad) känsla av osynliggörande som i sin tur kan ligga till grund för ett avståndstagande från medierna. Vidare ser vi att klasserna är betydligt mer ”segregerade” i televisionens genresystem i dag än vad som var fallet för 35 år sedan; arbetarklassen har i det närmaste försvunnit från nyheter och faktaprogram och återfinns istället huvudsakligen i film, drama och reality-program. Just reality-tv ger dramatisk form till dominerande ideologier som på samma gång exploaterar klass – för att skapa narrativ dramatik – och förnekar eller undertrycker frågan om klass och klasskonflikter. Inte minst gestaltas personer från arbetarklassen på ett stereotypt, nedsättande och hånfullt sätt. Avsaknad av röst och erkännande kan blockera formeringen av klassidentitet och minska arbetarrörelsens möjligheter att organisera sig och formera sig för politisk kamp. Vad gör dagens svenska arbetarrörelse på detta område?

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    Arbetarklassens symboliska utplåning i medelklassens medier
  • 42.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Naturalizing Social Class as a Moral Category on Swedish Mainstream Television2018In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 81-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of how social class is constructed as a moral category on Swedish mainstream television. Practices of categorisation by the media is an important area of study since these practices are part of a process of co-construction of social categories that are offered to media users as cognitive tools and frames for navigating the social landscape. Based on a content analysis of television in Sweden, we show that the medium of television categorises people appearing on television along the social divisions of class and constructs class as a moral category, with a lower moral value assigned to the working class in comparison to the middle and upper class

  • 43.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Politisera, sociologisera, historisera AI!2018In: Människor och AI: En bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva / [ed] Daniel Akenine & Jonas Stier, Stockholm: Books on Demand , 2018, 1, p. 48-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Voice, silence and social class on television2018In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 522-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of voice is a central and timeless political issue. Who gets to speak? Who is silenced? Who is listening? One of the main arenas for voice in modern, advanced democracies is the media. Media infrastructures, technologies, institutions and organizations are a precondition for political voice in large-scale societies, but are also an important factor in distributing the possibilities for voice among different groups and sectors of the population. In this article, we take on the question of voice in relation to social class and aim to analyse how the medium of television gives voice to people from different social classes. This study operationalizes the theoretical notion of voice by asking the following questions: who has the opportunity to appear and speak on television, to whom do they speak and under what circumstances does this communication occur? Based on a content analysis of television in Sweden, the results from this study show that voice is distributed in a highly unequal manner. It also shows that the relations enacted by television appearances conform to the social hierarchy. Whereas people from the ruling class frequently speak to people from the working and middle classes, they are rarely spoken to by members of a class that is positioned below their own. Television thus constructs a social hierarchy of voice and authority that reproduces and legitimizes already existing social hierarchies.

  • 45.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ghettos and gated communities in the social landscape of television: Representations of class in 1982 and 20152017In: Reconsidering class: Theory, Culture and the Media in the 21st century, Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 255-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Labor market policy and media work in Sweden2017In: Medijska Istrazivanja, ISSN 1330-6928, E-ISSN 1846-6605, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 133-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyze some recent changes in labor market policy and labor law in order to show how changes in this kind of regulation have had consequences for work in the media industries. Even though a considerable amount of research has been performed on media work during the last decade, it is quite uncommon within critical media studies to relate such research to policy and regulation. The point I want to make with this article is that the increasing precariousness and de-professionalization that are occurring within media work, as documented in previous research, must be understood against a background of policy change and political decisions, rather than only being seen as an effect of economic or technological shifts within the media industry. This article hence contributes to the current knowledge of the relationship between labor market policy and the media industry in Sweden; as such, it more generally contributes to the current knowledge of such a relationship in a Nordic welfare state, with all its specifi cities and differences from other parts of Europe and the world. Nevertheless, the results and discussions in this article are related – and relevant – to more general European tendencies in the area of labor market policy as it relates to the media.

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  • 47.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Sustainability of Native Advertising: Organizational Perspectives on the Blurring of the Boundary Between Editorial and Commercial Content in Contemporary Media.2017In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 277-295Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 48.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Watching reality from a distance: Class, genre and reality television2017In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 697-714Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cultural significance of reality television is based on its claim to represent social reality. On the level of genre, we might argue that reality television constructs a modern day panorama of the social world and its inhabitants and that it thus makes populations appear. This article presents a class analysis of the population of reality television in which 1 year of television programming and over 1000 participants have been analysed. The purpose of this analysis is to deepen our understanding of the cultural and ideological dimensions of reality television as a genre, and to give a more detailed picture of the imaginaries of class in this form of television. The results bring new knowledge about the reality television genre and modify or revise assumptions from previous studies. Most importantly, we show that upper-class people and people belonging to the social elite are strongly over-represented in the genre and appear much more commonly in reality television than in other genres. This result opens up a re-evaluation of the cultural and ideological dimensions of the reality television genre

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  • 49.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Blurring the boundaries in practice: Economic, organisational and regulatory barriers against native advertising2016In: Blurring the lines: Market-driven and democracy-driven freedom of expression / [ed] Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016, p. 123-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Native advertising is often perceived as the future of both media and advertising. Notonly is it said to lead to better, more effective advertising, it is also thought to be partof the solution to journalism’s current economic crisis. Both supporters and critics areconvinced of its future success: the transition to native is supposedly both smooth andunproblematic. This chapter seeks to nuance such accounts, using the example of Sweden.There are at least three main dilemmas, or barriers – economic, ideological/organisationaland regulatory – for those who wish to ‘go native’ or in other ways maximise theinfluence of advertising upon editorial content. Analysing them suggests some avenuesfor action, including targeted protection of particular forms of media content such asnews, and greater public support for a structurally divided media system: if commercialmedia can no longer manage to uphold a ‘wall’ within their companies, then the ‘wall’might instead run through the media system at large.

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  • 50. Tosoni, Simone
    et al.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media ethnography for busy People: Introducing students to the ethnographic approach in media-related syllabi2016In: Politics, Civil Society and Participation: Media and Communications in a Transforming Environment / [ed] Leif Kramp, Nico Carpentier, Andreas Hepp, Richard Kilborn, Risto Kunelius, Hannu Nieminen, Tobias Olsson, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Ilija Tomanić Trivundža and Simone Tosoni, Bremen: edition lumière, 2016, p. 337-347Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching the ethnographic approach is a challenging effort in higher education due to the increasing time constraints that characterize current academia. A debate about how to teach ethnography is therefore particularly urgent. As a contribution to foster this debate, this article presents and discusses a practical exercise, first tested at the SuSo 2015 Summer School. The method is based on taking pictures of media practices, texts and technologies in public spaces. The mediation of the camera allows students to engage with the field and to experiment with the ‘denaturalizing’ vision that generally characterizes eth-nographic approaches to media use and consumption. This reflexive stance is further fostered by a classroom discussion on the practice of observation and on the materials produced. In this way, the exercise aims at an acceptable com-promise between the reduced time available for teaching and the advantages of allowing students to personally experience the practicalities of method

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