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  • 1.
    Liliequist, Evelina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Autoetnografi2022In: Etnologiskt fältarbete: Nya fält och former / [ed] Silow Kallenberg, Kim; von Unge, Elin; Wiklund Moreira, Lisa, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, p. 153-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Autopsy Poetry2022In: Journal of Autoethnography, E-ISSN 2637-5192, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 365-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deaths of Marcus and Noel-childhood friends of the author-is the point of departure for this essay. The author uses the concept of an autopsy-both the actual autopsies performed on her friends after their deaths and an autopsy as a metaphor for dismantling the author's own memories of her two dead friends. The aim of the essay is to show rather than tell how self-identity and memory become reshaped through the experience of loss. It is empirically based on ethnographic interviews with friends and relatives of Marcus and Noel and on autoethnographic field notes. The idea of autopsy records as being rather poetic has inspired a method of writing in which creativity interacts with empirical descriptions. The knowledge engendered by the experience of loss and grief in this autoethnographic project has altered the previous beliefs and memories of the author and added layers of sorrow, aggression, and misery. The knowledge the author now possesses has changed her perceptions of the past. The essay could be read as if it were an autopsy of the author's own life, experiences, relationships, and emotions. It contributes to the knowledge on death, grief, and friendship by evoking reflection in its readers about their own lives, experiences, emotions, and relationships. The two dead friends depicted in the essay were people who now live in the memories of the friends and relatives they left behind. This common human experience transcends the individual subjects who were the author's friends.

  • 3.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sverige .
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Etnografiskt skrivande som metod2022In: Etnologiskt fältarbete: Nya fält och former / [ed] Silow Kallenberg, Kim; von Unge, Elin; Wiklund Moreira, Lisa, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, p. 237-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    von Unge, ElinStockholms universitet, Sverige.Wiklund Moreira, LisaStockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Etnologiskt fältarbete2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    HEMER, OSCAR, Contaminations and ethnographic fictions: southern crossings. xv, 220 pp., illus.,bibliogr. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 20202022In: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, ISSN 1359-0987, E-ISSN 1467-9655, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 1397-1398Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    I döda vänners sällskap - protestmaskulinitet och polarisiering2022In: Polarisering och samexistens: kulturell förändring i vår tid / [ed] Zackariasson, Maria; Öhlander, Magnus; Pripp, Oscar, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2022, p. 345-371Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Institutionsetnologi2022In: Etnologiskt fältarbete: Nya fält och former / [ed] Silow Kallenberg, Kim; von Unge, Elin; Wiklund Moreira, Lisa, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, p. 69-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Rock Star Dreams: Co-created (auto) ethnographies2022In: Scriptum: Creative Writing Research Journal, ISSN 2342-6039, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is a two-part piece where the first part is a narratively written composition of interview excerpts, and the second part is a theoretical and methodological reflection about this way of writing. The narrative of the first part consists of extracts from in-depth interviews conducted within the framework of an ethnological and autoethnographical research project examining grief, friendship and kinship in the wake of the deaths of two of the authors childhood friends – Marcus and Noel. The potential of the ethnographic material is explored as text by compiling it in an entirely new manner, where multiple voices are condensed into a single narrative. The point of departure is sociologist Carolyn Ellis’ ideas on co-constructed narratives and autoethnographic texts as jointly authored. The writing method is also inspired by author Svetlana Alexievich and her way of facilitating a focus on specific details of human experience from a larger empirical material. The intention is that the whole should appear to be greater than the sum of its parts. The common narrative is something new, something singular, something greater than could be conveyed by any one of the interviews, or interviewees, alone. The result is a narrative of death, grief, friendship, parenthood and kinship. About how masculinity can be intersected by the lines of class, place, mental illness and substance abuse. In the text, those who grieve for Marcus and Noel are not alone – in the text they stand together as part of a heterogeneous collective with many voices.

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  • 9.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Ingridsdotter, JennyUmeå universitet, Sverige.Gunnarsson, DavidSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Frihet! Politik! Systerskap!2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken medverkar lärare och forskare som på olika sätt adresserar något eller flera av orden frihet, politik och systerskap. En rad vetenskapliga essäer ger bland annat läsaren inblick i alpackors skapande av systerlig gemenskap tillsammans med människor, systerskap som politiskt begrepp, frågor om forskares ansvar, akademiskt systerskap, skrivande som feministisk gemenskap, post-migranters erfarenheter och identitetsskapande samt mycket annat. Detta är en vänbok till Beatriz Lindqvist, professor i etnologi, och texterna har därför funnit inspiration i hennes person och forskargärning.

    Beatriz Lindqvist har varit en drivande person i uppbyggnaden av etnologiämnet på Södertörns högskola. Hon har även haft ett stort engagemang i lärarutbildningen, såväl genom deltagande i råd och undervisning som genom hennes förskoleinriktade forskning.

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    Frihet! Politik! Systerskap!
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  • 10.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Rockstjärnedrömmar: Samskapade (auto)etnografier2021In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 42, no 2-3, p. 154-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Sörjbara liv2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Marcus dör när han är inlagd för psykiatrisk vård. Dödsorsaken är kvävning – en följd av alla mediciner som skulle ta honom ur en långvarig psykos. Bara ett år senare dör hans bästa vän Noel av en överdos heroin på soffan hos en kompis. Den här boken handlar om Marcus och Noel. De var två män som båda dog unga och som var författarens barndomsvänner. Vad hände mellan tiden de delade under uppväxten och deras död? Vad har hänt med vännerna och de anhöriga som blev lämnade kvar? Sörjbara liv behandlar en personlig erfarenhet av sorg och förlust, samtidigt som den sätter in den erfarenheten i ett större sammanhang och försöker förstå den socialt och kulturellt. I boken skildras sorg, vänskap, anhörigskap, missbruk och psykisk ohälsa för att svara på frågan: när är livet sörjbart? Boken vänder sig till professionella inom områden som missbruksvård, socialt arbete och psykiatri samt till alla som har ett personligt intresse i frågorna.

  • 12.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Djurens möte med den ensamma mannen i naturen:: en essä om djur, maskulinitet och arthierarkier2020In: Astra: samhälle, kultur, feminism, ISSN 1238-1837, Vol. 102, no 2, p. 36-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Hederlighet, drogfrihet, kamratskap och solidaritet: Maskulina respektabla livsmanus i före detta kriminella mäns berättande2020In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 76-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    I magen på en häst: mellanartsliga relationer som civilisationskritik2020In: Budkavlen. Tidskrift för etnologi och folkloristik, ISSN 0302-2447, Vol. 99, p. 34-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyse how the relationship between humans and other species is portrayed in contemporary films and series that have the rise and fall of civilization as their theme: Into the Wild (2007), The Revenant (2015), Into the Forest (2015) and The Walking Dead (2010-). The purpose is to understand how relationships between humans, animals and non-humans are portrayed. The films/series have been chosen on the basis of their portrayal of social downfall or social dissatisfaction and on the grounds that they are also widely recognised and popular portrayals. The analysis focuses on two male characters (The Revenant, Into the Wild) and two female characters (Into the Forest and The Walking Dead) to investigate relationships between humans and other species (animals and zombies) when it comes to survival, and how these relationships are possibly conditioned by gender. Methodologically, we approach these popular cultural depictions as ethnographers, with human meaning-making as the primary point of departure. Theoretically, we use concepts developed in the field of human-animal studies.   The analysis shows that there are differences between the representations of different species and that these representations are also conditioned by gender in the human characters. Where men are alone in their struggle against nature, women are part of social relationships where they, together with others (human and non-human), struggle to survive. The analysis further shows how animals and other species constantly condition and enable human existence. However, lacking human language, the animals – who are absolutely vital for the actions and survival of the human characters – are rendered unimportant.

  • 15.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Some Die Young. Narratives of Loss, Mental Illness, Substance Abuse, and Masculinity2020In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 485-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an ethnographic and an autoethnographic study based on qualitative interviews as well as memories and experiences of the author. It focuses on two men that were childhood friends of the author and who both died prematurely. Marcus died in November 2013 while he was under psychiatric care due to auditory hallucinations and anxiety. Noel died little over a year later, in January 2015, from an overdose of heroin. The aim of the article is to analyse the narratives of women and is concerned with understanding the loss of a son, a brother, or a former boyfriend or friend due to substance abuse or mental health problems. The empirical cases analysed in this text are women’s understandings of the deaths of Marcus and Noel – two young men who were close to them in different ways. Their narratives about the men, their memories, and their rationalisations for what happened to them are analysed. The analysis shows that when the women talk about, and try to explain, the male lives that led up to the death, a limited number of narratives are available. Narratives about absent and/or abusive fathers, narratives about mothers who fail in providing the expected care, and narratives about shortcomings in psychiatric services and community support are dominant in the analysed material. In relation to these available narratives, the story follows the making of a protest masculinity in which elements such as rock star dreams, violence, drug use, and talk of legalising drugs have a place. Together they form an overarching narrative about protest masculinity; i.e. ways to act in reaction to a perceived alienation or subordination by acting out in ways associated with masculinity.

  • 16.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Swedish Red Cross University College, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Between Care and Punishment: Fantasies of Change and Progress in Ethnographies of Compulsory Care2019In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 49, p. 114-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    My research is focused on giving new perspectives on staff culture in secure units in Sweden. The aim of this article is to analyse how staff members understand change and progress in treatment work. How does staff imagine how change comes about in treatment work with problematic teenagers? How is change conceptualized and understood by the people working in institutions for compulsory care? I shall elaborate on what I refer to as logics in my material, and I shall also discuss the role of fantasy in institutional work. The focus on staff is based on my interest in power relations, and on an identified research gap in this field. Most of the previous research on secure units focuses on the young people; on various aspects of their lives such as their life-stories (see Berglund 1998), and on the methods and techniques that work in helping them to change their way of life (see Andreassen 2003). Little attention has been directed towards the staff, even though they are a large and important part of the care given in the institutions. In what follows I will map out my theoretical framework, discuss the methods used and give a brief contextualizing background to my empirical field of institutional care in Sweden. Thereafter I will move on to the analysis of the empirical material, and finally to a concluding discussion.

  • 17.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    In i väggar - inte i dörrar2019In: Feministiskt perspektiv, ISSN 2002-1542, no 2019-10-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Institutionsetnologi: en inledning2019In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 28, no 3-4, p. 2-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Sverige; Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Livet och döden i journalerna: Institutions(auto)etnografi genom psykiatrins skriftliga källor2019In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 28, no 3-4, p. 55-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom min vän Marcus mamma Agneta får jag tillgång till hans journaler och obduktionsprotokoll. Agneta och jag har den dagen i januari 2019 mötts upp hemma hos henne för en pratstund. Hon har nyligen gått i pension, något i förtid, för att kunna ägna sig åt annat som hon länge velat göra. Arbete med utsatta kvinnor. Alternativmedicinsk hjälp till personer med utmattnings- och traumaproblematik. Sådant som Agneta kanske själv hade behövt hjälp med i sitt liv gör hon nu istället för andra. Hon bjuder mig på frukost och vi pratar i flera timmar. Innan jag ska gå frågar jag om hon kan tänka sig att låta mig se Marcus journaler om hon har dem kvar. Jag säger att hon inte behöver bestämma sig med en gång, men hon vill genast hämta dem. De ligger i källarförrådet, säger hon, och vi går dit tillsammans. Väl där visar hon två svarta sopsäckar där Marcus kvarlåtenskap finns förvarad. Hon säger att hon ännu inte orkat gå igenom sakerna. I den ena av säckarna finns ett vitt och ett brunt kuvert. I det vita, som är öppnat, ligger obduktionsrapporten. I det bruna, som är oöppnat, finns en tjockare pappersbunt med alla anteckningar från det sista vårdtillfället inom psykiatrin. Agneta säger att hon inte har klarat av att öppna det än, att hon inte orkar läsa. Jag frågar igen om hon är säker på att jag får läsa trots att hon inte har gjort det, det känns som att dessa papper är oerhört privata. Hon propsar på att jag ska ha dem, men att jag får lämna tillbaka dem sen. Jag känner att jag har fått ett stort förtroende och lovar att hantera dem med respekt.

  • 20.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    et al.
    Röda Korsets högskola, Sverige.
    Sigvardsdotter, Erika
    Röda Korsets högskola, Sverige.
    Om Sverige, svenskhet och de Andra i samhällsorientering för nyanlända2019In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 11, p. 71-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsorienteringskurser erbjuds nyanlända flyktingar för att ge dem grundläggande kunskap om Sverige och det svenska samhället. Syftet med Kim Silow Kallenberg och Erika Sigvardsdotters artikel är att analysera de bilder av Sverige, svenskhet och de Andra som framträder i kursernas undervisningsmaterial. Utifrån en narrativ ansats undersöks både berättelser och tystnader i materialet, där det som inte är uttalat förstås som en aspekt av berättelsen om Sverige och svenskheten. Materialet är både informativt och normerande, det beskriver både vad som är vanligt och vad som är önskvärt. Skrivningar om omständigheter där utrikesfödda kan bli förfördelade saknas i hög grad, samtidigt som sammanhang där utrikesfödda skulle kunna diskriminera eller skada någon annan beskrivs utförligt. Materialet kan därför tolkas som att det i första hand utgår från majoritetsbefolkningens perspektiv och behov, trots att det riktar sig till nyanlända

  • 21.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Sverige.
    Valerie och våldet: kvinnorna som fått nog2019In: Astra : samhälle, kultur, feminism, ISSN 2323-3966, no 3, p. 38-44Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Röda korsets högskola, Huddinge, Sverige.
    En del dör unga: Att minnas de döda genom autoetnografiska analyser2018In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 27, no 1-2, p. 3-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Swedish Red Cross University College, Sweden.
    Ethnography and the Arts: Examining Social Complexities through Ethnographic Fiction2018In: Etnofoor, ISSN 0921-5158, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 57-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    et al.
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Sverige.
    Sigvardsdotter, Erika
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Sverige.
    Från omhändertagande till ansvarstagande: Nyliberal hälsa i etableringen av nyanlända2018In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 46-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etableringsinsatserna för nyanlända1 i deras nuvarande utformning kan förstås som en del av förskjutningen från välfärd till arbetssamhälle, vilket brukar benämnas workfare (Wacquant 2009:6; Rueda 2015:299). Detta handlar framförallt om att välfärdsrättigheter blir alltmer villkorade och kopplade till krav på motprestationer i form av arbete eller annan aktivering. I etableringen märks detta t.ex. i ett ökat fokus på att nyanlända snabbt ska komma i arbete. Det statliga integrationsinsatserna för nyanlända omfattar sedan reformeringen 2010 (SFS 2010:197) språkundervisning (SFI), individanpassade arbetsmarknadsåtgärder (praktik, validering av utbildning etc.), och en samhällsorienterande utbildning. Förändringen var en del av en större reformering som föregicks av en rad utredningar, vilka konstaterade att introduktionen av nyanlända i Sverige gick för långsamt och var passiviserande. Lösningen var att etableringen av nyanlända nu skulle inlemmas i arbetslinjen och integrationspolitiken skulle ta steget från ”omhändertagande till ansvarstagande” (prop. 2009/10:60; s. 24). I ett pågående forskningsprojekt undersöker vi etableringen av nyanlända, med ett särskilt fokus på hur man arbetar för att främja socialt deltagande och psykisk hälsa hos personer som är nya i Sverige. Fokus i projektet ligger på tjänstepersoner och frivilliga inom detta område – och hur de tänker kring hur det som brett kan benämnas integration fungerar – men även på dokument som är centrala för att förstå etableringens politiska och praktiska kontext. I den här artikeln analyserar vi dokument kopplade till samhällsorienteringen för nyanlända – en av tre delar som omfattas av etableringslagen. Eftersom hälsa är ett centralt fokus i vårt projekt har det även utgjort ett särskilt empiriskt fokus i vår analys i den här artikeln. Syftet är att undersöka vilka idéer som präglar samhällsorienteringen för nyanlända, och hur de kommer till uttryck i relation till hälsa. Vårt analytiska fokus är hur hälsa i samhällsinformation till nyanlända konstrueras diskursivt i det kursmaterial som används i samhällsorienteringen.

  • 25.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Röda Korsets Högskola.
    Det som sitter i väggarna: tvångsvård mellan stabilitet och förändring2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 39-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Etnografisk fiktion: Introduktion2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 2, no 26, p. 2-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text we introduce this special issue of Kulturella perspektiv that addresses the relationship between ethnography and fiction. Could ethnographic fiction serve as an alternative way to communicate research results? Can it help us to reach other audiences outside of academia? How can fantasy and fiction help us in the quest for new knowledge? These are the main questions posed and answered in this introductory article where we highlight some important contributions to this field in ethnology and anthropology. Revisiting concepts such as Clifford Geertz 'thick descriptions' and 'faction' the article suggests that ethnographic fiction is part of a tradition in ethnographic work that problematize the division between fact and fiction, reason and affect, as well as objectivity and subjectivity. Scholars that work in the ethnographic tradition has long since acknowledged researchers' interpretations and subjectivity as a part of our knowledge production. Qualitative research in general, and ethnographic research in particular, would be impossible without an active research subject that thinks, feels and engages in the field of research. The article discusses examples of ethnographic research that engages with alternative ways of writing up the results and communicating the findings. We suggest that a creative approach to writing might reach a new and larger audience and help establish the importance of ethnographic work

  • 27.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Vallström, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Wollin Elhouar, Elisabeth
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Nätrum och nättid: En netnografisk metoddiskussion med utgångspunkt i en studie av rural feminitet i ett Facebookforum2017In: Budkavlen. Tidskrift för etnologi och folkloristik, ISSN 0302-2447, no 96, p. 24-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Tabanja: Ett exempel på etnografisk fiktion2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 2, no 26, p. 41-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is about ethnographic knowledge production, and is an investigation of the forms that knowledge production can take. The text consists of two separated parts; a contextualising introduction and a short story based on the material of ethnographic fieldwork. The aim is to highlight parts of human life that are hard to depict with traditional scholarly genres.

       In the first part of the article – the introduction – the relation between subjectivity and objectivity in ethnographic research, and the blurred lines that often exist between the two, is used as a point of departure to argue for the use of ethnographic fiction in research processes. Concepts such as thick description and self-reflexivity are used in the discussion. Ethnographic fiction can have multiple meanings and is here understood as fiction based in ethnographic knowledge. This genre can be a means to highlight aspects that are excluded or toned down in more traditional academic texts. Ethnographic fiction can also be a means to communicate research results to other audiences than the ones that normally reads scholarly works.

       The second part of the article consists of an example of ethnographic fiction in the form of a short story. The story is about a young boy named Issa, who grows up in a marginalised community and who leads a destructive life that eventually results in him being subjected to compulsory care. Issa is a fictional character with a real life role model in one of the authors’ research persons that were shot and killed only sixteen years old.

  • 29.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Gränsland: Svensk ungdomsvård mellan vård och straff2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Borderlands. Swedish youth care in the intersections of care and punishment

    This dissertation concerns staff working in special residential homes, or secure units, for boys and young men and, less specifically, the compulsory care of problematic teenagers. The study is based on interviews with staff members and participatory observations of daily practices at a compulsorycare institution. The empirical material is complemented by observations of learning situations and interviews with students and teachers in education of social pedagogy.

    The aim of the thesis is to map out and to analyse understandings of, and motivations for, compulsory care that is produced and sustained through articulations of residing teenagers, treatment practices and institutional staff in the daily work, and in staff narratives, at a secure unit for compulsory care. Three aspects of compulsory care are analysed: constructions of teenagers, of treatment practices and of subject positions or identity of staff.

    Concepts and ideas from a post-structural framework are used as theoretical tools to conduct analysis of the interviews and observations. Discourse, as well as a three-fold concept of logics, is central for the analysis. As a theoretical complement to the main analytical framework, perspectives from symbolic interactionism are used.

    The results of the thesis show that tensions and ambivalence characterise compulsory care for adolescents. Aspects of care as well as of punishment, for example, are both evident parts of the institutional work and narratives studied. The teenagers are alternately being constructed as children in need and as manipulative criminals: articulations that are made part of either a logic of care or a logic of punishment.

    Other tensions that are analysed as significant parts of institutional practices and subject positions are those of the biological and the social, theory and practice, and power and powerlessness. Age, gender and class are all significant parts in constructing subject positions for both teenagers and staff and in creating a division between the two groups. Such categorisations are articulated together in various ways in the different logics identified. These subject positions also have consequences for institutional interactions and for the institutional care provided in secure units.

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  • 30.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Constructions of "Delinquency" in compulsory youth care2015In: 33 Nordic Ethnology and Folklore Conference, Co-productions, collaborations, -contestations coming together in Copenhagen, Copenhagen: Denmark, 2015, 18-21 August: Panel: 4, Conventions, conflicts and controversies in institutional settings, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the borderlands of care and punishment, there are institutions for compulsory care. Teenagers with problems such as substance abuse, criminality and psychosocial difficulties are the target group of these institutions. Treatment under compulsion is not officially conceptualized as punishment but as protection for teenagers at risk. The care, or treatment, provided in institutions of compulsory care is organized and motivated out of various understandings of the teenagers receiving the care. In other words: the solutions are sprung out of certain problem formulations from staff and other professionals in the social sector.

    In this paper I investigate and analyze constructions of teenagers in the setting of so called secure units in Sweden. Observations and interviews, of practices and narratives with institutional staff, are analyzed to understand how "delinquency" is understood in this context. Using a foucauldian concept of power and a discourse theoretical logics approach, I understand these constructions as consisting of logics and fantasies in the intersection of gender, age, class, ethnicity, race, social background and biology. These various logics and fantasies are articulated together in different ways to motivate further action.

    Articulation is understood both as a methodological tool to organize the researchers view on empirical material, and as a research strategy to bring seemingly separate concepts and ideas together.

    This paper shall demonstrate the importance of studying the particularities of compulsory care to understand processes of normality and deviation more broadly. 

  • 31.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Masculinity in utopic and dystopian fantasies of compulsory care2015In: SIEF2015 Utopias, Realities, Heritages: Ethnographies for the 21st Century, 12th congress of Société Internationale d'Ethnologie et de Folklore, Zagreb: Croatia, 21-25 June 2015: Panel: Gend006 Gendered realities: old issues, new heritage, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the tension between utopic and dystopian fantasies in the realities of institutional practices in compulsory care. Masculinity is a substantial part of the fantasmatic narratives in the institutional setting. 

  • 32.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Smutsig etnografi: En metoddiskussion2015In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 2-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the methodological consequences of studying difficult fields of research is discussed, using the concept of dirty ethnography as a point of departure. Being dirty as a researcher has two implications; firstly it refers to the process where the researcher is positioned in an ethnographic field where different positions, subjectivities and/or identities are merged together, sometimes causing conflict or anxiety. Here the dirtiness is something inevitable that is a necessary part of every research process. Secondly, dirtiness refers to the more specific research that takes place in contexts where we feel uncomfortable or where our ethical standards are more difficult to uphold. The etnographical example discussed here is compulsory care of problematic teenagers with various behavioral and psychosocial difficulties. The analytical focus is directed towards institutional staff working in this environment. Here the different kinds of dirtiness that research in this field invokes is discussed as important methodological and analytical tools to further develop ethnological conversations on self-reflexivity.

  • 33.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Between care and punishment: Ethnographies of secure units for compulsory care in Sweden2014In: EASA (European Association of Social Anthropologists) 2014: Collaboration, Intimacy, Revolution- innovation and continuity in an interconnected world, Tallinn: Estonia, 31st July-3rd August, 2014: Panel P051: Prison ethnographies, research intimacies and social change, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the paradox of secure units as being institutions of both care and punishment. The paper also addresses issues of conducting research in closed environments: ethical questions, self-reflexivity and positionality.

  • 34.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Conceptualizing compulsory care: Articulation as a research strategy for new knowledge2014In: AAA (American Association of Anthropology) 2014, 2-7 December, Washington DC: USA: Panel: Between politics and socialization: Children, youth, parents and education, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an ongoing dissertation project in ethnology the empirical field of secure units of compulsory care for delinquent youth is explored. Ethnographic methods and materials are used in the research project: primarily interviews and participatory observations in a secure unit for teenagers. Secure units in Sweden are publicly funded and governed; yet very closed from public observation. Entering the closed environment of secure units as a researcher brings about questions of ethics and of the researchers position.

       The field of compulsory care is dominated by knowledge produced within disciplines such as medicine, psychology and sociology. Concepts from these disciplines and their overarching ideas of what human beings are, influences the knowledge produced within this field. The term 'field' is used in a double sense and is thus referring to the empirical field, as well as to the research field, of compulsory care.

       This paper shall discuss the possibilities and challenges of knowledge production in a field of study where many different perspectives compete for the dominant position. It shall discuss further the practice of articulation, as used in the discourse theoretical logics approach, in the process of integrating concepts from different disciplines and research traditions into a new coherent whole. Articulation, here understood as the reflective judgment that results in a modification of elements, is a process where issues of self-reflexivity, positionality and the relationship of knowledge and power are brought together; articulated in a new way. 

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