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  • 1.
    Abd Alwaheb, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    From Clown to Hero: The construction of Volodymyr Zelensky in Swedish newspapers 2019 and 20222022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the linguistic construction of the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyj, in Swedish newspapers in 2019 and 2022. Using the framework of Critical Discourse Studies along with Cognitive Linguistics the aim of the study is to gain an understanding of what constructs a heroism discourse surrounding Zelensky. Utilizing the Discourse-Historical Approach as the main method allows for a certain qualitative analysis of news texts which illuminate discursive strategies and possible conceptual metaphors. Findings suggest there has been a shift in the discourse concerning Zelensky, and that he in march 2022 is part of a heroism discourse in which he symbolizes change.

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  • 2.
    Abdalla, Fardosa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Resistance of Female Stereotypes in The Bluest Eye : Destroying Images of Black Womanhood and Motherhood2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stereotypes and myths are created by media to simplify and mystify reality. The two are used to form negative stereotypical images that are used as tools of social oppression in today’s white patriarchy. This essay will focus on how Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye depicts black womanhood and motherhood and resists the reductive images of black women through the narrative technique. In the text we find the stereotypical images of the Mammy and the Matriarch in the character Pauline "Polly" Breedlove, both simplifying and mystifying black motherhood but also condescending towards African-American family constellations. The text resists these images by making readers inhabit Polly who at first fits in to the two archetypes, only to then give us additional information and use an engaging narrative technique that invites the reader to decide if Polly really is the Mammy and the Matriarch.

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  • 3.
    Abdu Mohamed, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Förståelsen av interkulturell pedagogik: En studie om förståelsen före detta Södertörnstudenter har gällande den interkulturella pedagogiken och om de använder den i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a teacher perspective gain insight to the knowledge former Sodertorn teacher students possess of intercultural pedagogy and if they use it at work. The studies main perspective is the intercultural perspective, which has been the study's lead perspective. This study also made use out of a sociocultural perspective as it fits with the intercultural perspective and puts its mark in the study.

    This study has used interviews for data collection. Five former Sodertorn teacher students were interviewed, the interview participants work as teachers. These five teachers’ experiences and statements were the focus of this study, the teachers had to demonstrate their intercultural skills and how they use these skills in their classroom. The study showed that four out of five interviewed teachers use intercultural education, these teachers always try to find students development zones and prior knowledge. Intercultural pedagogy approach for example focuses on the students' culture, knowledge, belongings and background. The four out of five interview participants that use intercultural pedagogy hope that their students get a deeper understanding of people that possess a different culture, religion and background. The four out of five teachers use intercultural strategies and these strategies are considered applicable when it comes to intercultural perspective.

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  • 4.
    Abraham, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är ju bara retorik!: Intention eller effekt, i relation med Perelman2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That´s mere rhetoric! Rhetoric, which always occurs in discourses where questions of ethics is important, has since ancient times been accused of being an immoral and a value-neutral art that seduces people with flattery and what they want to hear with no interest in presenting the truth to the audience. Plato's condemnation of this practice was tough and Plato's works Gorgias and Faidros have since represented the relationship between rhetoric and philosophy; rhetoric that is described as the semblance of an art [pseudos] while philosophy stands as the search for truth. In my work I want to present the relationship between rhetoric and ethics by reading Charlotte Jørgensen and Barbara Cassin interpretations of Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrecht-Tyteca, and examine the consequences of this approach may have for rhetorical criticism.

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    Det är ju bara retorik!
  • 5.
    Abrahamsson Thuring, Christina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Vilken plats har deliberativ demokrati i förskolan för de yngsta barnen?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna vetenskapligaessä undersöker jag hur förskolan arbetar med deliberativ demokrati, dvs i vilken utsträckning barnen har möjlighet att diskutera och debattera frågor för att sedan kunna påverka gemensamma beslut på ett inkluderande sätt. Jag har främst fokus på de barn med begränsat eller obefintligt talspråk, där jag ställer mig frågande till om deliberativ demokratiform är möjlig. I essän beskriver jag två olika händelser från mitt yrkesliv där barn är frusterade av olika anledningar och hur jag som förskollärare bemöter dem och hanterar situationerna. Jag har också gjort en deltagande observation på en förskola som jag besökt, som gav mig mycket stoff och tankar i min text, där jag fick ställa mig lite utanför situationer och observera dessa istället för att själv vara aktiv.

    John Deweys och Jürgen Habermas idéer om kommunikation och lärandet i samspel lyfter jag för att få en inblick i deliberativ demokrati. Under studiens gång har språkets betydelse, makt och tolkning, förskolans förutsättningar och praktisk kunskap blivit de centrala delarna. Jag reflekterar kring mina erfarenheter, observationer och de valda teoretiska perspektiven. Det har givit mig många infallsvinklar och tankar under resan. Jag har blivit mer medveten om hur dominerande det individualistiska tänkandet är inom förskolan och att vi tappar den gemensamma tanken och känslan för varandra. Begreppen "motstånd" och "obemärkt styrning", som förskoleforskaren Klara Dolk använder sig av, har gjort ett starkt avtryck hos mig och understryker vilken kraft och tolkningsföreträde vi pedagoger har. Vidare öppnar jag upp för reflektion om utbildningen ska ha samma styrdokument från ett års ålder till sex år, eller om den måste förtydligas och anpassas till olika utvecklingsnivåer. En förskola för alla, men där alla kan bli sitt bästa jag i relation till andra.  

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  • 6.
    Abu-Ali Rönström, Rola
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    "Om du vill testa en fisk genom att be den klättra i ett träd kommer den för evigt tro att den är dum": Hur talar lärare om relationen mellan förväntningar på elevers prestationer och på elevers identitetsbildning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to examine how schoolteachers talks about the relation between the level of expectations and the identity construction of school students.  Teachers expectations is a recurring concept in the school world and in the Swedish school law. It is highly recommended in the teaching processes that teachers should have high expectations on their students. Individuals understands and interpret the concept of expectations in different ways according to their own values, standards and norms. The aim in this study is to clarify what discourse is common or used among teachers.

    Two discourses where identified in the analysis of teachers construction of expectations in relations to students in ground school and also of their social background.

    Since 2009 results from the Pisa test shows that Swedish schools are progressing a big gap between the students that achieves and those who doesn`t. It also shows that the students who is preforming the worst results are those whom lives and goes to school in a socioeconomic disadvantaged area. Through this study it can be visible how  the grade of a teachers expectations forms by the way a child build his or her own identity towards the world.

    The data is collected through semi-structured interviews with four teachers. The analyses are based on a discursive psychological analysis.

    This study shows that teachers speaks and understands different of expectations but a discourse of goals and achivements is clear and a part of a political school discourse.  It also appears that, depending on the students background, the teacher can change the grade of the expectation and refers to pupils from a socio economic disadvantage areas as poorly impaired students.

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  • 7.
    Abulwassie, Nasser
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Unhomely Lives: Double Consciousness in Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother depicts how the indigenous colonized in Dominica are living ‘unhomely lives’ and that their experience is one of the double consciousness. i.e. when a person see the world through different "lenses." The person does not only have a dual personality but also feels the notion of having different roles in society, such as having a black identity and at the same time conforming to the stereotypical norms of the white society for a black person. Therefore, the person sees the world, and oneself, through one’s own “black” lens and the “white” lens at the same time. Subsequently, with a setting full of diversities, the novel depicts a colonial background where the characters have been ascribed certain features to their persona. Furthermore, the novel uses metaphors to show a futile endeavor of finding identity of the main characters in an ineluctable power structure. By utilizing the postcolonial theoretical framework; mainly Du Bois’s notion on ‘double consciousness’ and Bhabha’s term ‘unhomely lives’ which means to grow up between two cultures, to live on borders and in margins and not feel at ease in either sides, expands the readers understanding of the text. A central aspect of the novel is the alienation of an individual’s personal identity in the context of a postcolonial society. Therefore, the psychology of the novel’s characters will be a major theme of this essay. Nevertheless, the novel shows that it is hard for the characters Alfred and Xuela to break free from the bonds of society.

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    Unhomely Lives
  • 8.
    Adelgren, Astrid
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Darmaros, Marina
    Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.
    Dinheiro, de Victoria Benedictsson: Uma tradução a quatro mãos e quatro línguas2020In: Cadernos de Literatura em Tradução, ISSN 1981-2558, no 22, p. 226-240Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Victoria Benedictsson foi uma das figuras-chaves do “Grande Avanço Moderno” sueco, que precedeu mudanças essenciais para que a sociedade escandinava se tornasse mais igualitária – e uma das mais igualitárias do mundo – em termos de gênero. O trecho do romance Pengar (“Dinheiro”) vertido aqui pela primeira vez ao português brasileiro é fundamental para se compreender também o pensamento da autora e seu suicídio, que destituiu a cena literária e feminista prematuramente de um de seus ícones.

  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Det semiotiska i Pipilotti Rists Tyngdkraft, var min vän2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats diskuterar Julia Kristevas begrepp det semiotiska i Pipilotti Rists audiovideoinstallation Tyngdkraft, var min vän, som visades på Magasin 3, Stockholm konsthall, 2007. Verket består av ett rum med upphöjda mattskulpturer där betraktaren kan ta av sig skorna och lägga sig ned för att ta del av två filmer som visas i taket ovanför matthögarna. Största delen av filmerna utspelar sig under vattenytan där en kvinna och en androgyn man utforskar ett universum fyllt av sinlighet, närvaro, lekfullhet, kropp, drifter och lugn -ett paradis fyllt av växtlighet och där tyngkraften ibland minskat. Bilder i starka färger och ljus, kaleidoskopiska formationer och ett till viss del uppbrutet bildspråk, möter åskådaren. Det semiotiska beskrivs av Kristeva som den driftsmässiga dimensionen av språket som är kopplat till ett förspråkligt stadium hos det preoidipala barnet innan det hunnit utvecklats till ett eget subjekt. Med detta menar hon den värld nära moderskroppen som barnet befinner sig i och där en icke-språklig kommunikation sker mellan mor och barn. Dock står denna värld inte helt utan lag och ordning eftersom modern (och barnet) alltid befinner sig under en viss språklig och kulturell lagbundenhet, kallad den symboliska ordningen, vilken kommer in även i det semiotiska. Det semiotiska och det symboliska är därför nära kopplade till varandra och kan inte existera utan varandra. Det semiotiska lever kvar även efter att det lilla barnet utvecklats till ett subjekt och trätt in i den språkliga, symboliska ordningen. Detta visar sig som semiotiska spår i bland annat konsten, och när det kommer till språket ser vi det främst i poesin, som är ett mindre lagbundet språk som rör sig i gränslandet mellan det semiotiska och det symboliska. Eftersom Tyngdkraft, var min vän inte innehåller något talat eller skrivet språk görs i uppsatsen en koppling mellan detta verk och det semiotiska genom utforskandet av olika element i verket. Dessa element är tyngdkraften, jorden, vattnet, bildspråket, upprepningen, rytmen, moderskroppen, paradiset, affekterna och drifterna samt gränslandet natur och kultur.

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  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den virtuella döden eller räddaren i nöden?: En kvalitativ studie om avståndstagande från sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och söka förståelse för avståndstagande från sociala medier. Detta är en företeelse som idag tycks bli allt vanligare fenomen bland användare av sociala medier, i synnerhet på Facebook. Med anledning av detta har jag därmed valt att begränsa studien genom att undersöka avståndstagande från just detta sociala nätverk. För att undersöka fenomenet har jag studerat hur användare av sociala medier förklarar orsakerna till avståndstagande, hur de upplever att de har påverkats av det samt undersökt på vilket sätt avståndstagande kan tolkas och förstås som politiska eller apolitiska handlingar och resonemang.

    För att ge svar på studiens syfte och frågeställningar har jag använt mig av en kvalitativ metod i form av enskilda samtalsintervjuer som bidrar till en djupare förståelse för respondenternas avståndstagande. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i José van Dijcks teorier kring de sociala mediernas normalisering, teorier om digitala kommunikationsteknologiers påverkan av socialitet och identitetskapande som bland annat beskrivs av Sherry Turkle samt Anne Kaun och Laura Portwood-Stacers tankar kring mediekritisk aktivism och livsstilspolitik. Den kan ytterligare ses som en utveckling av tidigare forskning av bland andra Stefan Stieger som kretsar kring orsakerna till medieavhopp.

    Studien visade att avståndstagande från sociala medier är en företeelse som ser ut på många skilda sätt och innefattar en mängd orsaker och konsekvenser som främst bör förstås på ett individuellt plan. Handlingen omges av en positiv uppfattning och pendlar mellan aktiv mediekritik och identitetssökande som präglas av individuella och apolitiska resonemang.

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  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Genom våra ögon: En komparativ litteraturanalys av Margaret Atwoods The Handmaid’s Tale och Octavia E. Butlers Kindred, utifrån forskningsfältet kulturella minnesstudier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay’s primarily focus is on the common discourse about the persisting effects of the past in the present in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale(1985)and Octavia E. Butler’s Kindred (1979).These novels are the testimonies of the protagonists Offred and Dana who shares their experience of traumatic violence and oppression. Dana, with her ability to time travel, will see her present time in clearer light as she experiences the life of a slave on an antebellum plantation. Offred, the Handmaiden owned by the totalitarian regime Gilead, portrays her contemporary life in parallel to remembering her former and thus describing Gilead’s increasing authority. Based on different theorists and concepts in the field of cultural memory studies, this essay examines the tension between memory and history, the distantness towards the past and the problematics with representations of traumatic events. As I argue that the voices of Dana and Offred calls attention to the importance of perspective and of sharing stories, they are also an act of hope, therapy and resistance; an act that also make possible a critique of the processes of the production of historical knowledge.

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  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Talets och undertextens olika nyanser: En undersökning av strykningar utav modalitet och uttryck för värderingar i adaptionen från tal till undertext2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The communication regarding the new corona-virus raises questions about availability and plain language. In Sweden, approximately 1.5 million people are in need of this communication through written language due to, inter alia, hearing impairment. Although subtitles are considered one of the most read genres today, it has received little focus in Swedish linguistic research, especially when it comes to intralingual subtitles. However, the communication through subtitles is limited and can lead to information loss. In Sweden, SVT as a public service channel has special requirements to maintain good quality in subtitles but nonetheless omissions are a prerequisite. However, this must never affect the loss of important information. Modality is considered within the Systemic-Functional Linguistics as linguistic tools to create opportunities to shift communication in different degrees and directions. A similar shift in degree can occur in expressions of valuation and opinions. Therefore, modality and valuation are interesting and important to study in a well-known TV- show that communicates, informs and debates about a social-crisis like the Corona-virus. This paper examines modality and expressions of valuation in the adaption from speech to subtitles in the Swedish news-program Agenda (SVT) reporting on the Corona-virus in Sweden and the world. Through the subtitling-shift model created by Sahlin (2001), I examine the omissions of modality and the expressions of valuation. The results show that the communication in subtitles have a weaker emphasis of conflicting opinions, are more objectively constructed and that there is a shift in nuances.

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    Talets och undertextens olika nyanser
  • 13.
    Adolfsson-Virta, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den dubbla stereotypen i flickböcker: En litteraturdidaktisk studie av karaktärerna Kitty Drew och Lotta Månsson2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine the didactic potential of the books: Kitty and The Witch Tree Symbol, Kitty and the Mystery of the Stolen Books, Yes, See Lotta and Dear Lotta. All these booksbelong to the B.Wahlström series of girls' books, a literary genre that has been looked down upon overtime and considered harmful to read because of the fact that they where too stereotypical. The reason forthis is that the characters are far too gender stereotypical and can have a negative impact on young girls.The essay intends to investigate how these books, despite being girls' books can be used as tools in theschool's value base work, especially regarding gender equality, equality, norms and stereotypes. It alsoexplores how the selected books can be used in the classroom to address gender and sex issues.To answer the aim of this paper, a qualitative method, close reading, has been used. During the closereading, there has been a specific focus on how the feminine characters, in particular how the femaleprotagonists' Kitty and Lotta, are portrayed. The theoretical approaches used to analyse the books aredidactic potential, defined by Malin Alkestrand, and the gender system, defined and explained byYvonne Hirdman. The result of the analysis was that there is a didactic potential in how Kitty and Lottaare being described since their characterization on several occasions can provide an opening fordiscussing fundamental values in school. The study also showed that the books selected for this analysishad scenes that may work as a tool in a classroom context to address and discuss the topic of sex andgender.

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  • 14.
    Adriasola Orellana, Ramiro
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta med faderns gestaltning i skolans litteraturundervisning: En komparativ studie över faderskapets förändring över tid2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, my focus has been to study the progress of the ”new” fathers ideals in youth literature used in schools today. The base for my comparative study on the ”new” fathers change over time, has been the article of Vivi Edtröms ”Det gäller pappa – fäder och döttrar i ungdomsboken” which she presents in Ungdomsboken from 1984. What Edtröm has done is pin-pointing some of the ”new” fathers attributes in youth literature of the 1970’s. In this study, I also incorporated some of the didactic aspects that teachers need to have in mind when choosing literature for students to read.

    My analysis show new problem areas in the description of the father in youth literature written in the last 20 years.  These  new father ideals where not present in Edtröms study conducted in the 1970’s. These new ideals that I have seen in my study, has an origin in honor cultures and is a relatively new phenomenon in Swedish youth literature. This by itself demands that teachers today need to have a good insight in present gender and reception research to be able to use youth literature in classroom situations and in the same time follow the directives that the curriculum statues. The teacher’s awareness of gender specific issues is central in order to deal with the questions that can be highlighted when letting students read literature that has such distinctive attributes of fathers from an other religion and culture, particular fathers from an Middle Eastern origin.

  • 15.
    Adriasola Orellana, Stefanía
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Regnbågen har många färger, så låt oss se dem alla!: Om förskolepedagogers attityder, normer och värderingar kring regnbågsfamiljer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which attitudes, norms and values exists about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families in preschools. Based on five qualitative interviews with teachers that work at a LGBT-certified preschool and one that is active in their work with norm critical pedagogy. To be able to fulfil my purpose of this study I concentrated on why these teachers believed that it was of importance to counter society’s heteronormativity, to prevent discrimination and mistreatments towards children and their LGBT parents in preschool. I wanted to find out what the teachers thoughts were on the concept of what a family is and how the diversity of families is shown in the preschools material and pedagogy.

    When I analysed the results of my qualitative interviews I used queer theories that include heteronormativity and norm critical pedagogy. The interviews of the teachers showed that they thought it was of great importance to work with a norm critical pedagogy because they did not believe that society’s heteronormativity could or should rule in preschools. The assumption that the majority, to not say all of the children, come from nuclear families does not agree with the reality of many children in our society. To assume such thing can lead to discrimination and obscureness. The results of my study show that by reviewing your own norms and perceptions of normality, will allow you to work with a norm critical approach. It also gives you an awareness that will help you as an educator to make sure that more children and families feel that they are acknowledged and respected. The active choice of methods and materials in the preschool helps the teachers to ensure that the children can be seen and reflected on a daily basis. By questioning heteronormativity in preschool, teachers offer children more opportunities and presents different realities. It also helps them to develop measures to analyse the norms and not just assume that there is only one right way to live.

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    Regnbågen har många färger, så låt oss se dem alla!
  • 16.
    Adving, Nicolina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Konsten under jorden: En analys av Ulrik Samuelsons konst i Kungsträdgårdens tunnelbanestation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the work of art in the underground station Kungsträdgården in Stockholm and discusses the observers interpretation of the art in the station. When the artist Ulrik Samuelson got his commission to shape the station he was influenced by Marcel Duchamp and the concept art. Two themes were integrated in the work of art, the actual culture life and the palace called Makalös, which was situated just above the currant station, three hundred years ago. The station was built in two stages.

    The first part was opened in 1977 and the second part in 1987. Panofsky´s iconographic working method has been used in this essay. Accurate observations of the work of art and relevant literature studies are described in the study. Samuelson’s work has a lot of references to currant culture, social and political life of the time as well as so called ready-mades from Stockholm and artefacts from Makalös.

    The observers understanding of the work of art is dependent on for example the observers age and knowledge. The parts that were present thirty years ago were known by people at that time but are hardly known by anybody nowadays. The modern young observers may not interpret every part of the numerous things and symbols although this will probably not prevent them to enjoy the work of art as a highly artistic production.

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  • 17.
    Afram, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Teachers' Perspectives on the Use of Short Stories in the English Classroom: A qualitative study of English teachers' work with short stories in the multicultural classroom in Sweden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study aims to examine teachers' perspectives on the use of short stories in the English classroom at the upper secondary level in one municipality in Stockholm, Sweden. The study is a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with 6 English teachers. The theoretical framework underscores different implications and advantages of teaching literature in the classroom. These implications regard the use of authentic literary texts and their advantages. The theoretical framework also gives a definition of the terms multiculturalism and interculturality. The results suggest that teachers use short stories in order to motivate students to read more because they are shorter than longer texts. Teachers reported advantages in student motivation, a sense of accomplishment, and enhancement of language skills when teaching short stories. Moreover, short stories are seen by teachers as versatile tools that cater to different students' learning abilities. The short stories that the teachers select to work with come from their own interests. When selecting short stories, the teachers always have in mind to be sensitive in order not to offend anyone or for it to be culturally sensitive. Some teachers vary their literature by choosing works from around the world to present different perspectives. The short stories that the teachers select contain authentic language that presents different views that the students can discuss in order to understand. The results indicate that teachers find that cultural aspects are embedded within the stories and could be discussed from different perspectives in the multicultural classroom.

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  • 18.
    Afrin Nahar, Teulip
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Dialoger och samverkan: en kvalitativ studie av pedagoger och föräldrar i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to clarify the importance of communication between parents and educators, as well as collaboration. The survey involves cooperation between parents and teachers in preschool and in the survey; it is the educators’ role and approach that is made visible. The issues I answer with the help of the interviewed teachers in the paper are: 

    • In what ways considers the interviewed teachers that can create dialogues with parents about children's daily life and activities? 
    • How do you describe the interviewed teachers that they interact with parents in preschool and the various forms of collaboration describe the interviewed teachers that they use in preschool?
    • What difficulties consider the interviewed teachers may apply when creating dialogues and cooperation with parents in preschool 

    Using a qualitative research method, the questions have been answered in the paper.

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    Dialoger och samverkan
  • 19.
    Afzal, Amina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    The Beauty and the Beast: Magical Realism in Salman Rushdie’s Shame2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mild psychological effects, such as sleep-deprivation, on an oppressed and tortured human being can be characterized as “normal”. However, Shame by Salman Rushdie uses magical realist style to describe the psychological effects of shame in a patriarchal society which is based on capitalistic class values. This essay will focus on the Marxist feminist reading of the novel with a psychoanalytical perspective which is going to help analyse the effects of the oppressed female characters, Bilquis Hyder, Sufiya Zinobia and Rani Harappa.  The essay focuses on different incidents in the lives of these characters with the help of critics such as Aijaz Ahmad and Timothy Brennan. Both have written critically about Rushdie. This essay will discuss the different aspects of Marxism, feminism as well as psychoanalysis and connecting them to the novel, which would give the answers as to what shame can do to a person’s psyche. The Beauty and the Beast fairy-tale gets a different perception in this story, as Sufiya Zinobia is both the characters in one.

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  • 20.
    Agelin, Susanne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    En essä om känslornas betydelse i lekterapeutisk verksamhet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    En essä om känslornas betydelse i lekterapeutisk verksamhet
  • 21.
    Agestam, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Humanity's Place in Utopia is Nowhere2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Utopia, the perfect society, is a concept linked with the perfect human being. These concepts are the focus of Arthur C. Clarke's The City and the Stars, and this essay will examine how the text challenges ideas of humanity and utopia. The two utopias are presented in The City and the Stars, with one branch of genetically engineered humans on Earth in each utopia. Their differences in approaches to challenges sets them apart. While examining the text literary and philosophical concepts of utopia and humanity will be used to better understand the text. The text shows us the significance of facing challenges. Moreover, that utopia, while desirable, is not for humankind as humanity's potential will not be reached when it resides in a utopia.  Humanity is defined by complex emotions that are hard to allow to exist in utopias.  

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  • 22.
    Aghed Luterkort, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den språkliga konstruktionen av prostitution och sexköp: En kritisk diskurs analys om hur de som säljer och köper sex konstrueras språkligt av svenska myndigheter och RFSU2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har som syfte att undersöka hur regeringen, Socialstyrelsen, Jämställdhetsmyndigheten och RFSU språkligt konstruerar bilden av prostitution och sexköp. Studien gör detta genom att analysera vilka språkliga benämningar aktörerna använder sig av för att beskriva prostitution och sexköp, och hur de språkligt konstruerar de som säljer och köper sex. Studien använder sig av den kritiska diskursanalysen och den ideationella metafunktionen som teoretiska utgångspunkter. I analysen görs en transitivitetsanalys utifrån den ideationella metafunktionen där texter från aktörerna utgör analysmaterialet. 

    Studiens resultat visar att aktörerna frekvent använder ett könsneutralt språk när de konstruerar de som säljer och köper sex, och det finns en marknadsdiskurs som dominerar i den språkliga konstruktionen av prostitution och sexköp. Det finns också en övergripande feministisk diskurs och nyliberal diskurs som kommer fram i texterna. Studiens övergripande slutsats är att de som säljer sex borde konstrueras som kvinnor och de som köper sex som män i större utsträckning, för att synliggöra hur prostitution och sexköp hänger samman med den ojämställda maktordningen mellan män och kvinnor. 

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  • 23.
    Aghed Luterkort, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Hjälten nyanserad: En komparativ karaktärsstudie via närläsning av Beowulf och Odyssevs utifrån Joseph Campbells  ”monomyt” och maskulinitetsteori2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to show that what defines a hero is far more complicated than the prolific author and mythological expert Joseph Campbell would have one believe – in his view, heroic qualities stem from a certain type of chosen individual and reoccurring narrative motifs without taking social structures and masculinity into account. By analyzing the characters Beowulf and Odysseus through a filter, consisting of Campbells model of the “hero’s journey” along with perspectives provided by studies in the masculinity field done by Raewyn Connell and Jørgen Lorentzen together with Claes Ekenstam, this essay concludes, in short, the following: applying Campbells model of the hero does reveal several similarities between the two characters, though it ultimately fails to prove any deeper connection. The aspects brought into focus by utilizing different concepts of masculinity however, proved to be more enlightening, with the most notable conclusion that the various tests forced upon both Beowulf and Odysseus mirror Raewyn Connells concept of “the hegemonic masculinity”, which in essence means that the most elevated masculine qualities existing in the context of the book are also the same ones being targeted by the antagonistic forces present in the story.

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  • 24.
    Aghlzad, Mojdeh
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Matematikundervisning i Waldorfskola respektive kommunal skola: En kvalitativ undersökning av två olika grundskolor2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to compare teachers' differing methods of teaching mathematics and their perspectives on the learning process in a municipal school to a Waldorf school. The study has examined which approach best promotes student engagement and learning in mathematics in the first three years of schooling. The study is based on four interviews. The informants’ accounts are interpreted using theories from previous research. The study shows that the municipal schools and Waldorf schools use different methods in mathematics teaching. In the public school, the focus is mostly on the students achieving curriculum goals and passing the national tests in the third year of primary school. "Silent counting" and  individualized education” are methods that teachers in the municipal school make use of in mathematics teaching. In the Waldorf school students make their own textbooks, and through longer periods of teaching the teachers are aiming for deeper understanding of mathematics and its relations to the world around. The study favors the approach to teaching used in the Waldorf school in primary schools. It is assumed that students in a Waldorf school masters and have a deeper understanding of mathematics, than students in the municipal school where they work with pre-written math books.

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    Matematikundervisning i Waldorfskola respektive kommunal skola
  • 25.
    Agné, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Opinionsledare i digitaliseringens tidevarv: En kvalitativ studie om unga mäns attityd till digital influencers i sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka ett antal unga mäns attityder och förhållningssätt gentemot digital influencers och reklam som förmedlas via dessa i sociala medier. Detta har studerats genom tre frågeställningar; Hur bemöter de unga männen marknadsföringsmetoden DI i allmänhet? Hur förhåller sig de unga männen till DI genom den egna praktiken (innehåll de själva konsumerar)? Hur ser det upplevda inflytandet av DI ut, gällande deras egna opinioner och handlingar? De teoretiska ramverk som utgör den huvudsakliga grunden för denna studie är Katz och Lazarsfeldt (1955) tvåstegshypotes och dess vidareutveckling av Bennet och Mannheim’s (2006) one-step flow of communication, Uzunoglu & Misci Kip ’s (2014) multi-step flow of communication samt Stuart Halls (2009) teori Encoding/decoding, som handlar om hur publik tolkar medierade budskap. Den metod som tillämpats i uppsatsen är fokusgruppintervjuer. Två fokusgruppintervjuer genomfördes där respondenterna var män mellan 22-26 år. Resultaten av min studie visade att respondenterna överlag hade en kritisk attityd gentemot DI och den reklam som framförs via dessa i sociala medier. De försökte i största möjliga mån att undvika den reklam som genom denna marknadsföringsstrategi förekommer. Dock uppenbarades en viss motsägelsefullhet i detta förhållningssätt och det gällde de DI respondenterna själva valt att följa i sina sociala medier. Trots att de i de flesta fall även hade ett kritiskt förhållningssätt gentemot dessa, så tycktes de i vissa sammanhang vara långt mer accepterande mot exempelvis den reklam som framfördes av dessa DIs.

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  • 26.
    Agné, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Om du klipper bort våra ansikten syns ju inte våra skratt!": En vetenskaplig essä om hur förskollärares praktiska kunskap kan påverkas i mötet med det digitala systemet Skolplattformen2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to investigate how preschool teachers' practical knowledge can be affected in the meeting with the digital system Skolplattformen and how such systems can contribute to reshape the meeting between preschool teachers and children. The essay shows that preschool-children find it difficult to understand the requirement of anonymization in pedagogical documentation in Skolplattformen. Based on this a conflict arises in the work of including children in the creation of pedagogical documentation. Aspects of the meeting between preschool teachers and children relating to participation, ethics and professional judgement may disappear into the periphery when digital systems are fully established and that may contribute to a new norm in the creation of pedagogical documentation in preschools in Sweden. The essay describes the co-research teacher and the reporting teacher as two active, and partly conflicting, approaches for the teacher in the meeting with the digital system.

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  • 27.
    Agné, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Om organisatoriska avstånd och invasiva arter: En organisationskritisk essä om kroppslighet och göranden i den kommunala förskolan2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här vetenskapliga essän syftar till att undersöka några förskollärare, barnskötare och rektorers erfarenheter av den kommunala förskoleorganisationen i Stockholm utifrån en tanke om att dagens förskoleorganisation har invaderats av främmande styrsystem från managementvärlden och bilproduktionen, vilket bidrar till vad som här kallas för ”organisatorisk invasion” och ökade ”organisatoriska avstånd”. Utgångspunkten för essän är gestaltade erfarenheter från ett mångårigt arbete som förskollärare i den kommunala förskolan i Stockholm, vilka lett fram till essäns frågor som handlar om vilka erfarenheter, såväl kroppsliga som andra, några barnskötare, förskollärare och rektorer i Stockholm stad har av sin arbetssituation, men även hur de kopplar dem till organisationen de arbetar inom. Jag frågar mig också hur erfarenheterna påverkar deltagarnas möjligheter till att tänka om och utföra sitt arbete. Slutligen undersöker essän eventuella motståndsstrategier i relation till organisatoriska avstånd och organisatorisk invasion. Material till de empiriska inslagen insamlas genom reflekterande intervjusamtal med såväl förskollärare som barnskötare och rektorer och bearbetas genom skrivande av så kallad ”pratpoesi”. Materialet analyseras utifrån ett kroppsfenomenologiskt och ett organisationskritiskt perspektiv och med hjälp av Hannah Arendts teorier om olika former av mänsklig aktivitet. Essän visar att en mängd erfarenheter görs och skapas i relation till organisationen, vilka väcker frågor om ansvar, tänkande och görande i förskolan. Essän visar även hur New Public Management kan förstås som en invasiv främmande art som invaderat den kommunala förskolan och de som bebor den, vilket bland annat erfars av pedagogerna som en kroppslig splittring, här kallad ”hjärtats stress” respektive ”hjärnans stress” och en uppdelning mellan ”de som tänker” och ”de som gör”. Essän skriver slutligen fram motståndsstrategier utifrån det insamlade materialet, samt presenterar möjligheter kring att minska organisatoriska avstånd med hjälp av den praktiska kunskapens teori. 

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  • 28.
    Ahlgren, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Trivsel, ordning och en ideal elev: En diskursanalys av skolors skrivna regler2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a critical discourse-inspired analysis of written rules in Swedish primary schools, with the purpose to identify an image of an ”ideal student”. Swedish schools form local rules and regulations, where each pricipal is responsible for content and form. Therefore, an attempt is here made to find and discuss varations in the rules from different schools. The empirical findings are analysed with help of a theoretical framework based on Michel Foucault’s power theory, Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis and Zygmynt Bauman’s views of ethics, morality and identity.

    The findings portray an ideal student who is kind, friendly and helpful to others. Some additional described ”good” behaviors, such as appropiate language and honesty, are here suggested to have cultural and traditional connotations. Variations in descriptions of preferred traits and practices are found in rules from different schools. With inspiration from Foucault and Bauman it is here argued that this can challenge the formation of school norms and student’s values.  

    Based on these findings and reflections, I suggest that school rules should represent essential educational and practical requirements and be communicated and formatted with clear purpose and possibilities for understanding and implementation.

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  • 29.
    Ahlgren, Thea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Fjärilar i bärnsten och det eviga flickskapet: om flickvinnans omöjliga åldrande och skeva begär hos Sara Stridsberg2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to address how “skevt” [skewed] girlhood is constructed in relation to age, time, and sexuality in three literary works of the Swedish author Sara Stridsberg: the novel Darling River (2010), the play Konsten att falla (2017) and the short story Tre systrar (2021). In the study, I pose the following questions: How is the skewed girlhood portrayed in relation to constructions of time and age? How does the construction of skewed femininity interact with the construction of sexual practice and sexual desires?

        I use the term “skev” – a Scandinavian variation and hybrid of queer – to address how the girlhood is subverted in the texts, as well as to analyze how this not only occurs in relation to heteronormativity, but also within it. To explore this, I work with “skeva” [skewed] readings of the texts. My analysis is based on “skev” [skew] theory and queer temporality, through which I illustrate how the characters of the three literary works are challenging normative assumptions of girlhood and femininity, by performing gender and age as well as sexuality in non-normative ways. I discuss the girl’s bedroom as a form of heterotopia, in which both time and ageing are constructed in a skewed way. Furthermore, I locate a “skev” [skewed] temporality in the texts, connected to an absence of futurity. 

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  • 30.
    Ahlrot, Axel
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Den egna grundens gränser: Tillvarons grundvaro mellan början och slut, från Martin Heidegger till Adriana Cavarero2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following essay aims to investigate Martin Heidegger’s notion of Dasein in Being and Time by taking into account the therein neglected existential-ontological aspect of birth. The point of departure is the concept of grundsein, i.e. Dasein being handed over itself as itself, groundlessly, with the remaining task of becoming its own basis from which it is able to properly project itself. In Being and Time this is made possible by actively grasping and appropriating ones ’ownmost possibility’ of being-towards-death. The present investigation however, raises the question whether or not Daseins other fundamental limit of being, namely birth, which in Being and Time is continuously disregarded, can provide a different understanding of grundsein; complementing the existing analysis by giving Dasein a more thorough framing. As for the proposed supplementing theory, the essay first turns to the concept of natality as it is developed in Hannah Arendt’s The Human Condition. Thereafter it traces the notion of birth as it unfolds in the work Relating Narratives by the contemporary Italian philosopher Adriana Cavarero, who thematically remains close to Arendt, although not without some crucial differences. With that in mind, the essay finally returns to Heidegger for a critical exploration of the theories opposed. 

    The present investigation aims to show that these theories of birth does in fact offer insights that are foreign to, albeit not irreconcilable with, the framework of Being and Time. Especially regarding that of mitsein, coexistence, which nonetheless also have inevitable consequences for the question of grundsein. By taking birth into consideration existentially, this essay seeks to shed light on what can be considered fundamentally relational aspects of Dasein as it is shown to be constitutively in-front-of, and a being-from-others. Furthermore there is shown to be an aspect of passive reception to Dasein, more specifically the non-negotiable gift of existence at all which unceasingly remains out of it’s reach; that is, arguably, somewhat overlooked in Being and Time (even though the concepts of thrownness and historicity may indicate such a condition). Lastly the author wishes to embed the existential-ontological matter of birth in the pressing planetary crisis of our time, asserting that the question of (human) birth and existence no longer can afford to ignore these biological-ecological aspects that are undeniably of due importance for the question at hand.

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  • 31.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är förstås lite konstigt att vara flicka: En queerfeministisk läsning av fyra Sigge Stark-romaner2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I make a queer feminist analysis of four novels written by the Swedish author Sigge Stark. The novels are: Uggleboet, Manhatareklubben, Cirkus Demonio och Baskerflickan. Using Judith Butler's theories I examine the relations between sex/gender and sexuality in the four books and show how the construction of gender is performed and the heterosexual normativity is jeopardized. I also examine whether, and if so how, Sigge Stark uses the romantic and the gothic genres to include transcending gender identities and sexualities in her work. The essay also includes a contextualisation of her prerequisities as an author and the necessity in performing a critical analysis of mass produced romantic literature.

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  • 32.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Straight Línea: A phenomenological approach to women's response to piropos in contemporary Havana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates women's feelings on being subjected to piropos (catcalling) in their everyday lives. Through interviews with four Cuban women living in Havana, I analyse women's experiences of piropos through a phenomenological lens and through speech theory, investigating how norms surrounding sexualities and gender are materialised in and between language, bodies and spaces. I also investigate which acts of resistance and defence mechanisms my interviewees employ in order to cope with piropos. The first part of the analysis investigates the gendered dimensions of piropos, discussing how it constitutes gendered subject positions while enforcing gender inequality. My interviewees describe how being subjected to piropos makes them feel more feminine and links the occurrence of piropos directly to their self-esteem. They also describe how the occurrence of piropos conditions their possibility to move freely around the city. In the second part of the analysis I look at piropos as a heterosexual game in which different rules apply depending on gender. Lastly, this thesis focuses on my interviewees' accounts of resistance by analysing silence as well as verbal responses to piropos as a way of breaking the rules of the heterosexual game.

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  • 33.
    Ahmed, Munira
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Harry Potter and racial hierarchies in the English language classroom: A thematic study on racial inequality in Harry Potter2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the pedagogical benefits of using fantasy literature in the classroom as it relates to the Swedish school’s democratic values of anti-racism and working for a just society. It examines the representations of racial prejudice, discrimination, and othering among wizards and muggles which are explicitly or implicitly present throughout the Harry Potter series as well as what the representations of inequality can offer in terms of inculcating democratic values and critical thinking in a Swedish upper secondary classroom. This essay also argues for the use of Harry Potter in the EFL classroom since the novel’s complexity and popularity can work as an incentive for students to analyze the ways that the fantasy world relates to our own society. Since the focus of this essay is racial discrimination, prejudice, and otherness the critical lens is Critical Race Theory and anti-oppressive education theory.

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  • 34.
    Ahonen, Riitta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Jag gillar att ha mitt kök ifred": En vetenskaplig essä om arbetsterapeutens erfarenheter i neurologisk rehabilitering2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This scientific essay is about the occupational therapist's work in neurological rehabilitation. I am portraying a meeting with a patient who suffered a stroke and describe how relatives affect the rehabilitation process. Problems arise when I have not managed to create a good relationship and cooperation with the relative. I discuss the concept of rehabilitation, about crisis management and what it can mean to suffer a brain injury from an existential and a relational perspective. I reflect on the division of responsibilities in health care, as well as how it is distributed between patient, relative and the occupational therapist in the patient care meeting. I explore my thoughts and reflections from the meeting with the patient and relatives with the help of philosophers and other writers.

    My conclusion is that relatives play a major role in the success of rehabilitation and the need for their support needs to be considered to a greater extent. I need to create trusting relationships with both the patient and relatives to develop a good collaboration. The patient and the occupational therapist have a shared responsibility for the rehabilitation and the support provided by relatives is important to facilitate recovery. 

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  • 35.
    Ajger, Victor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    "Vem är jag? Vad gör jag här?”: En vetenskaplig essä om sökandet efter min yrkesroll i ett främmande fält2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en vetenskaplig essä där jag undersöker och reflekterar kring frågor som har med samverkan och yrkesroll för fritidspedagogen. Hur ser arbetet ut för fritidspedagogen i skolan? Jag har använt mig av Pierre Bourdieus begrepp kapital, fält och habitus för att problematisera och reflektera kring fritidspedagogens yrkesroll i skolans värld. Är det en risk att fritidspedagogen blir en slags assistent i klassrummet och att de fritidspedagogiska idéerna försvinner? Eller kan det vara positivt att vi som fritidspedagoger kommer in i klassrummet med vår speciella kompetens? Jag tar upp vikten av att fritidspedagogen får sin legitimitet i skolans fält. Det diskuteras även om vilka det är som egentligen tjänar på samverkan mellan skolan och fritidshemmet. Det finns fritidspedagogiska arbetssätt som kan användas inom skolans fält som ett komplement till skolan. Jag funderar och problematiserar krig samverkan med lärare och tar även upp vikten av ett interkulturellt arbetssätt mellan lärare och fritidspedagoger.

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    Vem är jag? Vad gör jag här? Essä V.Ajger
  • 36.
    Akan, Adem
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Language and Power - How Power Influences Language: A conversation analysis on the TV – show "Breaking Bad"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Power displays itself through talk-in-interaction in social situations; it can also present itself through appearances. Appearance is a personal feature that is immediately obvious and available to others to see. A person’s appearance makes a strong statement about ones values, attitude, abilities etc. People display power through different modalities of talk-in-interactions. This study investigates the linguistic tools that people with power tend to use and how a normal everyday person can change their social status by changing and giving out different linguistic signals. Tracing the patterns of what the verbal cues of power is and describes how an everyday character mastered the relationship between language and power.

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  • 37.
    Akan, Pinar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    En studie om elevers uppfattning och intresse för historieämnet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study ninth grade students perceptions of the subject of history, including gender, against the background of the social, cultural, and historical context that constitutes the subject of history and the students perception of it. The Theory , the theoretical reflection room, has two levels. A general level, `"the level of the great theoretical stories", boiled down to their essence (for ex. Bourdieus "Cultural Capital" and Baumans "Retropia) and a concrete level, in the sense directed towards the subject of history as it appears to the students in the teaching situation. The previous research showed scattered results. Mainly that the subject was perceived as rather interesting , important and exciting. But also, to some extent the opposite. As a subject for school , but not for life. Gender differences were detected. Parents background played a role. The studys own empirical study, a focus interview of eight ninth grade students (four boys, four girls), conducted as a thematically structured qualitative interview, largely confirmed the previous research. But the results was scattered and the context rather vague. No gender differences were detected. The studys sample was judged to be too small, not a basis for generalizations or generation of theory. However, theory, previous research and studys own experience appear as a melting pot from which relevant questions and perspectives for future research can be cast. 

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  • 38.
    Akan, Yasemin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Jag har kompetensen!: Hur ett antal klasslärare resonerar kring och upplever sitt arbete med elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter/dyslexi i undervisningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to examine how a number of class teachers reason about and find their work while teaching students who have reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia. The empirical study was intended to answer the question based on three questions.

    The work is based on a qualitative method as empirical material gathered in semi-structured interviews. Six classroom teachers, one male and five female teachers were interviewed. The interviewees were from six different schools in Stockholm Municipality and were between 27-61 years old.

    Most of the classroom teachers feel that there are approximately 4-5 students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia in each class. Half of the teachers feel that students with dyslexia may be different as they are quiet, unsecure and shy. While the other half experience these students as ordinary children. All those involved are of the opinion that they work, including in the classrooms by adjusting the lessons to each student's needs. Half of the classroom teachers perceive special pedagogy teachers well, while the other half experience it as problematic. Classroom teachers also think that they have the skills needed to respond to students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia and think that training courses are important to keep the knowledge alive. Several of the teachers emphasize that students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia get the help necessary while the other half think it can be better. The classroom teachers stress that in teaching, they use different methods which they cannot name.

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    Jag har kompetensen! - Hur ett antal klasslärare resonerar kring och upplever sitt arbete med elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter/dyslexi i undervisningen.
  • 39.
    Akbari, Maryam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The auditory world of school: Young Afghan newcomers in Sweden and their use of online music in a public context2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the use of online music as a resource among young Afghan newcomers in Swedish schools in relation to social interaction and sense of belonging. The methodology consists of qualitative interviews, conducting semi- structured interviews with 16 pupils and 4 teachers in different primary and high schools based in Stockholm.  A theoretical frame is developed that highlights music as a resource for ‘the transformation of the experience of place’, creating a ‘sense of belonging’, shaping ‘social ordering’, and how all this can be related to the distinction between ‘private and collective’.

    The main results demonstrate that newcomers use music to create a friendly environment in Sweden and through listening to home country music feel secure and at home. Music is used as a tool to enhance pupils’ concentration and to decrease their pressure and stress of studying in Swedish education system. The results also indicate that music is an effective communication tool between teachers and pupils, and further, that the teachers utilize music widely in their teaching to improve pupils’ attention and concentration. Although the teachers usually control the usage of music in the class, there are circumstances when the teachers change their decision regarding pupils’ music listening or ignore pupils’ disobedience in the class.

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    Master Thesis
  • 40.
    Ako, Nadidam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Föräldraengagemang, finns det olika sätt?: En studie om en grupp mödrars förhållningssätt till föräldraengagemang2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to illustrate and analyze the approach and parental involvement of a group of mothers in their children's schooling. Also their reflections on parental involvement will be highlighted and what the parents experience as obstacles in their involvement.

    Method: I conducted six semi structured interviews for my research. I chose to interview six mothers who have a child in the sixth grade. I chose specifically the sixth grade because the mothers will have had quite a few contacts with the school at this point. I also chose not to reveal their ethnicity because they cannot represent a whole ethnic group anyway.

    Result: The result of my interviews show that the parents have different approaches when it comes to parental involvement. The approaches are different between the mothers but one thing they have in common is that they care about their children. 

    Conclusion: One of the conclusions of this study is that the parents who do not participate in meetings and activities at school, are either because of language barrier or lack of information concerning what the school expects of them. Furthermore the study shows that their lack of participation in school activities does not mean that they are not involved as parents. Instead they express their involvement in different ways, mainly in their homes. 

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  • 41.
    Akram, Ghorbani
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Får jag lov att vara annorlunda?: en vetenskaplig essä2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min essä handlar om en händelse som är självupplevd. Den beskriver att det finns brist på erfarenhet om interkulturellt förhållningssätt på vissa förskolor. Den beskriver även att jag och mina kollegor inte kunde hantera några situationer som man i förskolans värld kan hamna i. Dilemmat som framträder i händelsen handlar om brist på kunskap när det gäller interaktion mellan olika kulturer. Detta speciellt på de institutioner där den är som allra viktigast i samhället, nämligen i skolans- och förskolans värld. Uppsatsen visar det förhållningssätt som pedagoger har gentemot vuxna och barn, som i pedagogernas ögon anses vara annorlunda.

    Det här är en vetenskaplig essäform där mina egna erfarenheter möter olika teoretiska perspektiv. På det sättet försöker jag att nå svar på mina frågor men även lyfta fram dilemmat i min essä. Därför får den som läser möjlighet att se mina erfarenheter ur nya perspektiv. Jag inleder min uppsats med att diskutera bristande interkulturellt ledarskap i förskolans miljö. Därefter utvecklas den med hjälp av teoretiska perspektiv, genom att lyfta fram hur vi kan bli bättre på att utveckla ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt. I mitt slutord reflekterar jag kring viktiga ämnen som essän har lyft fram med fokus på möjliga förbättringar. Det viktigaste ämnet i essän är det förhållningssätt som vi pedagoger har när det gäller barnens olikheter.

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  • 42.
    Aktas, Gabriella
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Ungdomars berättelser om Hovsjö: En kvalitativ studie om hur sex ungdomar i åldrarna 21-26 ser på sitt bostadsområde2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problems: All that is stated in social media might not always sometimes be right, which has consequences for the individual's view of the described phenomena. The individual interprets and takes in mass media messages, which can lead to that the wrong information makes believed to be is correct one. The news media’s photo illustrations might pictures result in bad images of the suburbs. Hovsjö, residential area in the city of Södertälje, occurs in the media depicted as is a bad place to live due to the high rate of crime there.

    Purpose and Issues: My main research question is: How do young people view their residential area Hovsjö in comparison with the image they believe consider is given in that the news media gives the area? Further questions of the study are: How do the young people of the district describe their residential area? How do the youth's react to the news media images of Hovsjö? Has the neighborhood helped to form their identity?

    Method: In my data collection I have chosen a qualitative approach with observation and semistructured interviews. The reason I chose to do interviews is because it gives respondents the opportunity to give their own experiences and feelings of living in Hovsjö. My method has been ethnographic for the reason that I want to describe but also to understand the informants' world.

    Results: According to the interviews the news media has generalized Hovsjö as poor housing site pointing out mainly negative messages from the area. The informants have a different view on their residential area which does not correspond with the news media's version. They see their neighborhood in a positive way, and they explain that the environment has formed them to be good people. They do not deny the “crime incidents” in Hovsjö but they believe that the news media exaggerate events to depict the residential area as a criminal and dangerous area. As summary, I have come to a conclusion that the respondents have a positive view of their neighborhood which they consider a safe and a social area to live in.

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  • 43.
    Alami, Fina Saida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Ledarskapets inverkan på elevernas användning av IKT-verktyg på fritidsverksamhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the influence of leadership on student use of Smart phones as an ICT tool at after school care. I use a qualitative, hermeneutical method that departs from two stories. I also use qualitative interviews with both structured and unstructured questions. My reflections and interpretations are, through the interviews, complemented by my colleagues’ views of the use of Smart phones and how that is affected by how the activities are managed. I have faced a dilemma in my stories where I have to choose between following the school’s rules or help the students that need help with the use of Smart phones.

    Reflecting on the stories leads me to view my own leadership and style of leadership in a critical light and to view myself in a wider context within a problematic organization with a hierarchical leadership. This leads to other dilemmas that occur in a school organization, where helpful factors to a change can be seen in different perspectives with the open dialogue as an advantage.

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  • 44.
    Albrecht, William
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    ”Vi låter oss inte stoppas av andras kamp mot grundläggande demokratiska värden”: En narrativ analys av Sverigedemokraternas kriskommunikation efter Utöya2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the communicative crisis defense of the Sweden democrats after the criticism that appeared after the mass murder by the right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik at Utöya in 2011. In this analysis a narrative examination is made of the party leader Åkessons explanation to why the crisis emerged and how his apology interacts with the party’s internal story. The first part of the results shows that Åkesson structures a narrative where the society’s witch hunt on the party stands as an explanation to why the crisis has emerged. The second part of the analysis shows that Åkesson uses the crisis to strengthen the role of the Sweden democrats as an anti-establishment party by using dichotomies. In his crisis narrative he attributes similar characteristics to his critics and Breivik. The consequence of this is that the two actors stand as a collective villain in the narrative. To the contrary, the Sweden democrats became a hero in the narrative - the protector of democracy in Sweden.

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  • 45.
    Albrektson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Ahlund, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ekström, Sara
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pontara, Johanna Ethnersson
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Mansén, Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sundin, Vera
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wagner, Meike
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wallrup, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Cool Nature: Utopian Landscapes in Sweden 1780–18402022In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, E-ISSN 2001-9866, Vol. 19, p. 94-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, an interdisciplinary group of researchers sets out to address the period 1780–1840 in Sweden in a new way, by placing nature at its centre. With the help of ecocritical and transcultural theory, combined with renewed attention to the Swedish fine arts, learned discourses, and practices, we suggest a new approach to these revolutionary decades. The perceived dissonance, the interplay between climatic conditions and cultural template in early modern and modern Sweden, has not been fully addressed in current research, despite the fact that the relationship between humankind and the environment is a central issue in contemporary society and scholarship. Representations of nature situate the nation, they negotiate the relationship between a sensed reality and an ideal, between human and more-than-human beings. We suggest a focus on the unpredictable space created by negotiations of nature in Swedish representations during this crucial period, and, furthermore, on the ways in which this creative space is charged with utopian possibilities in the early Anthropocene. This is the background and the driving force of the planned research project ‘Cool Nature: Utopian Landscapes in Sweden 1780–1840’. 

  • 46.
    Albury, Kath
    et al.
    Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
    Stardust, Zahra
    Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia.
    Sundén, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Queer and feminist reflections on sextech2023In: Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, E-ISSN 2641-0397, Vol. 31, no 4, article id 2246751Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Alengård, Frej
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Passa pucken eller inte?: En kvalitativ studie om maktrelationen mellan hockeyjournalister och citizen journalists2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur makt konstrueras inom hockeyinformationsflödet på Twitter. Genom att ta utgångspunkt i hockeyjournalisters utsagor är målet med uppsatsen att belysa rådande maktstrukturer mellan journalister och citizen journalists på Twitter. Jag vill även undersöka hur nya informationsteknologier har förändrat journalisternas yrkesroll och yrkespraktik, med ett stort fokus på den förändrade interaktionen med de olika typerna av användare (journalister, citizen journalists och ”vanliga” medieanvändare). För att ta reda på detta har uppsatsen analyserat relationen mellan citizen journalists och journalister ur ett maktperspektiv. För att undersöka hur makt konstrueras inom Twitter har jag utgått ifrån Manuel Castells diskussion kring makt och värdeskapande i nätverkssamhället. Jag har även valt att använda journalistikens ideologi och praktik i förändring samt citizen journalists och dess förhållande med journalister som teoretiska utgångspunkter för att undersöka hur nya informationsteknologier och den förändrade interaktionen med användarna har påverkat journalisternas yrkesroll och yrkespraktik. Genom kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med fem hockeyjournalister på rikstäckande mediebolag visar de resultat jag fått fram att det har skett en maktförskjutning mellan citizen journalists och hockeyjournalisterna. Relationen verkar utåt sätt präglas av en demokratisk dialog och större informationsutväxling de två emellan, men hockeyjournalisterna verkar fortfarande befästa makt kring nyhetsprocessen genom att referera till den journalistiska ideologin. Detta gör att det fortfarande finns en tydlig hierarkisk ställning inom hockeyinformationsflödet. Resultatet visade även att hockeyjournalisternas yrkespraktik präglas av en mycket högre hastighet än tidigare vilket har förändrat journalisternas sociala praktik, där det stora informationsflödet har omvandlat deras tillvägagångssätt att hämta och distribuera nyheter och information. Till skillnad från vad andra studier visat så pekar min studie på att hockeyjournalisternas yrkesroll blivit mer individualiserad, med högre krav på tekniskt kunnande och kunskaper inom flera olika medieområden till följd av en mer krävande och kunnig publik. 

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  • 48.
    Alfaro, Walter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Att sudda bort skillnaden mellan arbete och nöje: Om ämnesinteggrerad undervisning i praktiken i grundskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Regarding school-teaching most people have had the traditional idea that the teacher is the owner of all knowledge and the student is the receiver of that knowledge. Tradition tells us that the way the student receives the knowledge has been by listening, repeating, reading and memorizing what the teacher has taught. Research about teaching from the last decades show that there are other strategies, ways, and qualitys for helping students in learning. One of those ways is by integration of different school subjects.

    According to research every human being creates her own knowledge based on personal experiences. Johan Krantz and Pelle Persson (2001) wrote that learning is a process with experiences, ideas and opinions. Krantz & Persson said that these experiences, ideas and opinions are necessary for getting new knowledge. The purpose of teaching by integration of different school subjects is to help students to make the learning more effective and easier. At the same time, teachers can get the help they need for making teaching more effective. I have met five teachers who work at three different schools in Stockholm. I have asked them about the possibility to apply integrated teaching of different school subjects and they spoke out what they thought about it. In answering my question one of them said that for her teaching with integration of different school subjects was "like erasing the difference between work and enjoyment". Even though most of the teachers I met thought that an integration of different school subjects in teaching is a good strategy, all of them still were teaching in a traditional way. These teachers thought that it can be hard to change old traditions that have existed through years in the school world.

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  • 49.
    Alfredsson, Jo
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Instagram, det nya galleriet: En undersökning av konstbetraktande i sociala medier, med utgångspunkt i Jesper Walderstens Instagramkonto2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my paper I adress the question of what happens in the relationship between the beholder, the artwork and the artist when they meet in the era of Web 2.0. The new smartphone based medium that I write about is Instagram. The artist i write about is the Swedish illustrator Jesper Waldersten. My purpose with this paper was to explore how the the beholder, pictures and artist relate to one another i relation to Instagram and how the interface of the smartphone and the app affect the beholder in these relationships. I also seek out to understand the difference between how Instagrams interface affect the beholder in comparison to the interface of the artists web page and his book. I use the method of qualitative empiricism to study Walderstens account. I do this study by counting number of pictures, comments, changes, descriptions and overall alterations over a set period of time. What I found out is that Instagram without a doubt is an important cornerstone of our Web 2.0 participatory-culture and that it have created a space in which we can behold art in a new kind of way. This is partly thanks to how the interface affects the picture and the beholder, but most of all because of how the different Instagram users affect each other.

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  • 50.
    Alijaj, Selma
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Att synkas med varandra: En undersökning av föräldrars erfarenhet av mötet med förskolan: institution, relation och fostran2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the different ways parents experience meetings with the preschool and the relationships between themselves and the preschool staff. The purpose is also to explore parents’ views of the shared responsibilities of the children’s formation at home and in preschool. To research this, a qualitative approach with interviews and an interpretative phenomenological analysis method, is applied in order to arrive at a more profound understanding of how the shared responsibility in formation is experienced by the parents. This approach is chosen to get an in-depth understanding of the parents’ understandings and experiences. The theoretical framework applied is Urie Bronfenbrenner’s theory of ecological development, chosen for its’s ability to explore different levels of a person’s encounters with a particular environment. The results highlight the complexity of parents’ interactions with the preschool as an organization. Parents have concerns with what happens at an organizational level, which reflects on the staff, and ultimately on the everyday environment of the children. Furthermore, the study shows that a good relationship between parents and preschool staff, and how this relationship is experienced by parents, are affected by aspects such as stability and an understanding of each other.  In the area of child development, parents regard children’s formation as their responsibility, while the formation and socialization that occurs in preschools are group oriented and focused on learning. From the parent’s perspective, the formation that teachers contribute to and work with in a preschool environment are focused on democratic values such as being a good friend, not fighting with each other, help each other and show empathy towards one another. In considering the organizational aspects of preschools, the communication levels between staff and parents have been limited due to the current pandemic, which has had an effect on parent-teacher relationships. The study highlights a need for further understanding and a more developed communication approach between parents, teachers, and management, as well as organizational transparency in an effort to increase parents’ understanding of the aims and works of preschool.

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