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  • 1.
    Abd Alwaheb, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    From Clown to Hero: The construction of Volodymyr Zelensky in Swedish newspapers 2019 and 20222022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the linguistic construction of the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyj, in Swedish newspapers in 2019 and 2022. Using the framework of Critical Discourse Studies along with Cognitive Linguistics the aim of the study is to gain an understanding of what constructs a heroism discourse surrounding Zelensky. Utilizing the Discourse-Historical Approach as the main method allows for a certain qualitative analysis of news texts which illuminate discursive strategies and possible conceptual metaphors. Findings suggest there has been a shift in the discourse concerning Zelensky, and that he in march 2022 is part of a heroism discourse in which he symbolizes change.

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  • 2.
    Abed, Rayahin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Formal Language Style in EFL and SFI Classrooms in Sweden: Exploring Perceptions and Practices2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this study is to gain insight into the level of formality in EFL (English as a Foreign Language) classrooms in upper secondary schools and in SFI (Swedish for Immigrants) classrooms in Sweden. This research specifically examines how EFL and SFI teachers perceive and integrate formal language into their teaching practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 teachers, including 5 EFL and 5 SFI teachers to gather qualitative data. The interviews ranged from 20-45 minutes and were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a thematic analysis to identify recurring themes and patterns within the interview transcripts. The findings reveal distinct perceptions and practices between EFL and SFI teachers regarding formal language. EFL teachers view formal language as essential for promoting social norms, such as politeness and respect. They incorporate formal language using formal texts, advanced formal vocabulary, and sentence structures. Some EFL teachers prioritize the use of formal language based on specific lesson goals, while others are influenced by the informal nature of Swedish culture and prefer to use informal language in their classrooms. On the other hand, SFI teachers perceive formal language as flexible and context dependent. They emphasize practical applications of formal language such as writing emails and formal letters at a basic level. SFI teachers focus on clarity and correctness over strict formal language rules and the aim of such focus is to ensure that the students learn the basic Swedish language necessary for social integration.

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  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Linnea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Talets och undertextens olika nyanser: En undersökning av strykningar utav modalitet och uttryck för värderingar i adaptionen från tal till undertext2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The communication regarding the new corona-virus raises questions about availability and plain language. In Sweden, approximately 1.5 million people are in need of this communication through written language due to, inter alia, hearing impairment. Although subtitles are considered one of the most read genres today, it has received little focus in Swedish linguistic research, especially when it comes to intralingual subtitles. However, the communication through subtitles is limited and can lead to information loss. In Sweden, SVT as a public service channel has special requirements to maintain good quality in subtitles but nonetheless omissions are a prerequisite. However, this must never affect the loss of important information. Modality is considered within the Systemic-Functional Linguistics as linguistic tools to create opportunities to shift communication in different degrees and directions. A similar shift in degree can occur in expressions of valuation and opinions. Therefore, modality and valuation are interesting and important to study in a well-known TV- show that communicates, informs and debates about a social-crisis like the Corona-virus. This paper examines modality and expressions of valuation in the adaption from speech to subtitles in the Swedish news-program Agenda (SVT) reporting on the Corona-virus in Sweden and the world. Through the subtitling-shift model created by Sahlin (2001), I examine the omissions of modality and the expressions of valuation. The results show that the communication in subtitles have a weaker emphasis of conflicting opinions, are more objectively constructed and that there is a shift in nuances.

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    Talets och undertextens olika nyanser
  • 4.
    Aghed Luterkort, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den språkliga konstruktionen av prostitution och sexköp: En kritisk diskurs analys om hur de som säljer och köper sex konstrueras språkligt av svenska myndigheter och RFSU2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har som syfte att undersöka hur regeringen, Socialstyrelsen, Jämställdhetsmyndigheten och RFSU språkligt konstruerar bilden av prostitution och sexköp. Studien gör detta genom att analysera vilka språkliga benämningar aktörerna använder sig av för att beskriva prostitution och sexköp, och hur de språkligt konstruerar de som säljer och köper sex. Studien använder sig av den kritiska diskursanalysen och den ideationella metafunktionen som teoretiska utgångspunkter. I analysen görs en transitivitetsanalys utifrån den ideationella metafunktionen där texter från aktörerna utgör analysmaterialet. 

    Studiens resultat visar att aktörerna frekvent använder ett könsneutralt språk när de konstruerar de som säljer och köper sex, och det finns en marknadsdiskurs som dominerar i den språkliga konstruktionen av prostitution och sexköp. Det finns också en övergripande feministisk diskurs och nyliberal diskurs som kommer fram i texterna. Studiens övergripande slutsats är att de som säljer sex borde konstrueras som kvinnor och de som köper sex som män i större utsträckning, för att synliggöra hur prostitution och sexköp hänger samman med den ojämställda maktordningen mellan män och kvinnor. 

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  • 5.
    Akan, Adem
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Language and Power - How Power Influences Language: A conversation analysis on the TV – show "Breaking Bad"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Power displays itself through talk-in-interaction in social situations; it can also present itself through appearances. Appearance is a personal feature that is immediately obvious and available to others to see. A person’s appearance makes a strong statement about ones values, attitude, abilities etc. People display power through different modalities of talk-in-interactions. This study investigates the linguistic tools that people with power tend to use and how a normal everyday person can change their social status by changing and giving out different linguistic signals. Tracing the patterns of what the verbal cues of power is and describes how an everyday character mastered the relationship between language and power.

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  • 6.
    Almgren, Birgitta
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), The German Studies Research Unit.
    Deutschfreundlich oder deutschfeindlich?: Positive und negative Signalwörter im deutsch-schwedischen Diskurs 1933-19452009In: Cross Cultural Communication. vol. 13: Translation und Transgression. Interkulturelle Aspekte der Übersetzung(swissenschaft) / [ed] Ernest W.B. Hess-Lüttich, Bern: Peter Lang , 2009, p. 29-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Almgren, Birgitta
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, The German Studies Research Centre.
    Germanistik - Impulse zwischen Schweden und Algerien2004In: IMAGO. Interculturalité et Didactique, ISSN 1111-3936, p. 7-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Almgren, Birgitta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, The German Studies Research Centre.
    "Min niuwes hus” och ”wa ist man ahne mand”?: Tyska och svenska i salig blandning sedan medeltiden2007In: Hembygdsföreningen Arboga minne Årsbok, ISSN 0440-680X, p. 28-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Almgren, Birgitta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, The German Studies Research Centre.
    Brylla, Charlotta
    Språk och politik: teoretiska och metodiska reflektioner2005In: Bilder i kontrast: interkulturella processer Sverige/Tyskland i skuggan av nazismen 1933-1945 / [ed] Charlotta Brylla, Birgitta Almgren, Frank-Michael Kirsch, Aalborg: Institut für Sprache und internationale Kulturstudien , 2005, p. 113-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The hitchhiker’s guide to web-mediated text: Method handbook for quantification of online  linguistic data in a country-specific context. Official research report, Linguistic Explorations of Societies (Work Package 1)2022Report (Other academic)
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  • 11.
    Antblad, Desirée
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    A study of how students feed from feedback: An application of speech act and attribution theory within the field of linguistics2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay provides an analysis of five examples of written feedback on a speech assignment completed for an English as a foreign language (EFL) class by second-year students of upper secondary school. The essay aims to shed light on how feedback is formulated and how it is interpreted as a part of a textual dialogue between teacher and student. The analysis focuses on three separate sources of data: an interview with the students, examples of feedback and a short teacher interview. This dataset provides an insight to the process of the students’ reception and interpretation of the feedback and allows an analysis of the correspondence between what the teacher tries to communicate and what the students in their turn understand from the feedback. Two theories applied in this research include 1) attribution theory and 2) speech act theory, which attempt to show how the students reflect on their achievements and apply feedback to their own development. The feedback is interpreted on two different occasions. First, the textual feedback was coded, and an analysis model was developed based on two characteristics of in-text feedback: directive and expressive functions. The findings suggest that more specific feedback should be provided, and a deeper awareness among teachers of how students interpret their feedback would aid the students’ learning process.

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  • 12.
    Antović, Mihailo
    et al.
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Stamenković, Dušan
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Children's understanding of unfamiliar idioms: A case for the spatial foundations of the conceptual system2012In: Facta Universitatis Series: Linguistics and Literature, ISSN 0354-4702, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 57-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study we look into Serbian seven-year-olds’ understanding of literally translated English idioms in order to determine whether inherent visuo-spatial information facilitates the interpretation process. Drawing on our previous research involving adult respondents (Antović and Stamenković 2012), the present report tests the degree to which the existence of lexicalized visual and spatial configurations in unknown idiomatic expressions aids their understanding with seven-year-olds. We have presented 125 Serbian children with 6 literally translated English idioms containing lexicalized visual and spatial configurations (e.g. ‘put the cat among the pigeons’) and 6 literally translated English idioms with no visual or spatial component (e.g. ‘have a sweet tooth’). For each idiom, the children respondents had the task of circling a letter beside one of the four given drawings which they thought best described the meaning of the idiom in question. The idioms were randomly selected among high-frequency expressions with no direct equivalents in Serbian, available in Collins Cobuild Dictionary of Idioms (1995), Cambridge International Dictionary of Idioms (1998) and Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (1999). The preliminary result suggests a considerably better understanding of idioms with visual and spatial configurations (59%), as compared with those having no visual or spatial component (38%). Along with our previous results with adults, this might provide some more support to theoretical claims presented by authors such as Jean Mandler - that there is a spatial foundation of the conceptual system.

  • 13.
    Antović, Mihailo
    et al.
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Stamenković, Dušan
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Vision, space, and embodiment: Interpretation of English idioms by Serbian students2012In: Selected Papers from UK-CLA Meetings Vol 1, The UK Cognitive Linguistics Association , 2012, p. 385-400Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study tries to evaluate two approaches to conceptualisation by testing how Serbian respondents interpret literally translated English idioms. The development of concepts is a pressing issue in cognitive science and the importance of visuo-spatial relations on the one hand and embodiment on the other in this process is particularly stressed, depending on the approach. We have presented 90 undergraduate Serbian students with no formal training in English with literally translated English idiomatic expressions and asked them to guess their meanings. The goal was to investigate whether the expressions would be properly interpreted and whether there would be differences in the degree of correct interpretation between the groups of idioms offered. The idioms had no direct equivalents in Serbian and were classified into three groups: (1) visuo-spatial bodily idioms; (2) bodily only idioms; (3) random non-bodily idioms. The results suggest that there is a clear difference between the understanding of the three groups of idioms: those with the visuo-spatial component are understood best, followed by idioms referring to the body only and random idioms respectively. This result could provide some support to the idea that embodiment, especially when coupled with visual cognition, is a primary source of conceptualisation.

  • 14.
    Antović, Mihailo
    et al.
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Stamenković, Dušan
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Figar, Vladimir
    University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.
    Association of meaning in program music: On denotation, inherence, and onomatopoeia2016In: Music perception, ISSN 0730-7829, E-ISSN 1533-8312, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 243-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We tested three theses on the construction of extramusical meaning in program music: (1) that some excerpts contain an “inherent” musical structure that facilitates the interpretation aligned with the composer’s intentions; (2) that “onomatopoeia” — musical imitation of natural sounds — is a frequent subclass of this “inherence”; and (3) that providing the title of the piece further facilitates the “proper” interpretation of intended meaning. Two hundred and one students were given six musical stimuli (three based on “inherent” and three on “arbitrary” association) and asked to write a one-sentence description of extramusical meaning associated with the examples. In the first trial, all participants provided descriptions without a suggestion. In the second, they were randomly assigned to three groups, receiving suggestions that were neutral, aligned with the composer’s program, or deliberately worded to contradict this program. Three raters then coded the responses on the basis of conformity with the composer’s intentions and presence of onomatopoeia. The result was (a) no difference in the numbers of conformant descriptions to “inherent” as opposed to “arbitrary” examples; (b) a negligible number of onomatopoeic descriptions; (c) a strong influence of “false” — but not “true” — suggestions. We discuss some implications for further studies of extramusical meaning.

  • 15.
    Assali, Mariam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Frequency of Code-Switching, Intra-sentential, and Inter-sentential during classroom interactions in English levels 5, 6, and 72023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine the frequent use of intra-sentential and inter-sentential code-switching during classroom interactions among Swedish-speaking students. The focus of this research also aimed to examine the motives as to why Swedish-speaking students code-switch during their English lessons and what word classes are affected by code-switching the most. The study took place in an upper secondary school and the English levels 5, 6, and 7 were observed during their open discussions and presentations. A total of 74 students participated in this study, where 15 participated in a semi-structured interview to share their thoughts on code-switching and their backgrounds, and 47 students participated in a survey anonymously. The results demonstrated that most students code-switch within sentences rather than between sentences. Most students demonstrated that they felt nervous and stressed when speaking in English due to their limited vocabulary skills in the spoken language, which resulted in them code-switching to Swedish. 

  • 16.
    Bakken, Michael
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lättläst mellan raderna: En jämförande transitivitetsanalys mellan skönlitterär text och dess lättlästa version utifrån ett läsförståelseperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyze, investigate and compare the eventual differences within the aspects of the ideational metafunction, of the systemic functional linguistics, between two fictional novels and their respective easy-Swedish versions, looking at chosen variables within the theory. The study also investigates how the eventual differences, effects the potential reader by setting the results of the analysis against contemporary research in reading comprehension. The method of use is transitvity analysis based within the ideational metafunction and its variables: processes, participants, circumstances, grammatical metaphors and register. The material that has been analyzed is Sodomsäpplet (Martin, 2016) and Mina drömmars stad (Fogelström, 2009) and their respective easy-Swedish versions.

    The result of the analysis proved that a lot of the material processes had been replaced by relational processes. This contributed to making the easy-Swedish versions more concrete but also static and impersonal, which effected the voice of the author as well as the register and the perspective of telling. The result is discussed with a reading comprehension perspective telling that the easy-Swedish versions not in every way is particularly easy as they displace the register and the authors voice. They also limit the abilities of interpretation for a potential reader.

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    Lättläst mellan raderna 201805
  • 17.
    Barret, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Mamma, pappa & barn: En kritisk diskursanalytisk studie av Försäkringskassans broschyrer 2000–20182020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilka normer och diskurser som konstrueras kring föräldrar i Försäkringskassans broschyrer om föräldraförsäkring. Uppsatsens fokus är att undersöka hur föräldrar framställs i utvalda delar av broschyrerna och hur detta har förändrats mellan år 2000, 2010 och 2018. Uppsatsen utgår från ett kritiskt diskursanalytiskt perspektiv med fokus på tilltal, personreferenter samt presuppositioner och hur dessa medverkar i konstruerandet av normer och diskurser.Resultatet av uppsatsens analyser visar på språkliga förändringar inom broschyrerna över tid där en kärnfamilj och parnorm framstår som den vanligaste formen av föräldraskap år 2000. Detta förändras sedan i de senare broschyrerna som visar på en större mångfald där flera former av föräldraskap synliggörs och där det individuella tilltalet är i fokus. Resultaten ligger även i linje med den tidigare forskningen kring föräldranormer och hur dessa framställs i myndighetstexter.

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  • 18.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    A Case Study of a Distance Degree Program in Vietnam: Examples from a Learner-Centered Approach to Distance Education2013In: Cases on Professional Distance Education Degree Programs and Practices: Successes, Challenges, and Issues / [ed] Sullivan, Kirk; Peter E. Czigler; Jenny M. Sullivan Hellgren, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2013, p. 233-257Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The English Department at Högskolan Dalarna, Sweden, participates in a distance-learning program with the Faculty of Education at Vietnam National University. Students who enroll in this program are teachers of English at secondary or tertiary institutions, and will study half time for two years to complete a Master’s degree in English Linguistics. The distance program, adapted specifically to accommodate the Vietnamese students in terms of cultural differences as well as inexperience with distance methodology, is characterized by three design features: testing, technical training, and fostering a community of learners. The design of the courses also reflects a learner-centered approach that addresses common problem areas in distance education by promoting interactivity. Central to the overall program is the maintenance of different channels of communication, reflecting an effort to support the students academically and socially, both as individuals and members of a learning community. In this way, the effects of physical and cultural distances are minimized.

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  • 19. Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    A sociolinguistic analysis of swear word offensiveness2007Report (Other academic)
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  • 20.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    English-language swearing as humor in Swedish comic strips2017In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 121, p. 175-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I investigate the Swedish, non-native use of English swear words in Swedish-language comic strips. I first consider the established relationships between both swearing and humor, and comics and humor. I propose that swear word usage and the comic strip framework contribute to a mutual feedback loop, whereby the comic strip derives its humor from the use of English swear words, while at the same time the comic strip context, by invoking a play frame, primes the swear word usage for humorous interpretation. Modeling Siegel (1995), I then consider how a code-switch to English serves as a framing device or contextualization cue for humor in Swedish-language contexts. The analysis of a selection of Swedish comic strips draws from the Encryption Theory of Humor (Flamson and Barrett, 2008), and suggests that humor created via the Swedish practice of swearing in English is a function of shared background knowledge that capitalizes on the fundamental incongruity of two discourse systems operating under different norms of appropriateness.

  • 21.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    FUCK CANCER, Fucking Åmål, Aldrig fucka upp: The standardisation of fuck in Swedish media2017In: Advances in Swearing Research: New languages and new contexts / [ed] Kristy Beers Fägersten and Karyn Stapleton, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, p. 65-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Universität des Saarlandes.
    Hesitations and repair in German2005In: Proceedings of DiSS'05, Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech Workshop, 2005, p. 71-76Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 23.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, English language.
    Intertextual quotation: References to media in family interaction2012In: The Appropriation of Media in Everyday Life: What People Do with Media / [ed] Ayass, Ruth; Gerhardt, Cornelia, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2012, p. 79-104Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 24.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Introduction: The linguist's view of Television2016In: Watching TV with a Linguist / [ed] Kristy Beers Fägersten, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2016, 1, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Linguistics: Comics conversations as data in Swedish comic strips2019In: More critical approaches to comics: Theories and methods / [ed] Matthew Smith, Randy Duncan and Matthew Brown, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 145-159Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    På svenska svär vi gärna på engelska2018In: Språkbruk, ISSN 0358-9293, no 1, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Saarland University.
    [Review of:] Tony McEnery, Swearing in English. Bad Language, Purity and Power from 1586 to the Present2006In: Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0142-6001, E-ISSN 1477-450X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 542-545Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Spritsnack: Samspelet mellan alkohol och samtal i den tecknade serien Rocky.2017In: Spiritus, ISSN 1404-465X, Vol. Webbpublikation, p. 15 s.-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    Spritsnack
  • 29.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, Keith Allen (Ed.), Oxford University, Press, Oxford (2018), 464 pp., ISBN: 9780198808190, GBP 110,002020In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 155, p. 358-361Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, English language.
    The use of English in the Swedish-language comic Rocky2012In: Linguistics and the study of comics / [ed] Bramlett, Frank, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 239-263Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 31.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Watching TV with a Linguist2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, English language.
    Who's Swearing Now?: The Social Aspects of Conversational Swearing2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who’s Swearing Now? represents an investigation of how people actually swear, illustrated by a collection of over 500 spontaneous swearing utterances along with their social and linguistic contexts. The book features a focus on the use of eight swear words: ass, bitch, cunt, damn, dick, fuck, hell, shit and their possible inflections or derivations, e.g., asshole or motherfucker, offering a solution to the controversial issue of defining swear words and swearing by limiting the investigation to the core set of words most common to previous swearing studies. The specific focus results in accurate depictions of contextualized swearing utterances. Precise frequency counts are thus enabled which, along with offensiveness ratings of contextualized and non-contextualized swearing, enable a clarification of The Swearing Paradox, referring to the phenomenon of frequently used swear words also being those which traditionally are judged to be the most offensive.

    The book revisits the relationship between gender and swear word usage, but considers the distribution based on the core subset of swear words, revealing similarities where others have claimed differences. Significantly, Who’s Swearing Now? considers the aspect of race with regards to swear word usage, and reveals behavioral differences between, for example, White and African American males and females with regards to word preferences as well as social impetuses for and effects of swearing. Questionnaire and interview data supplement the swearing utterances, revealing participants’ individual credos about their own use or non-use of swear words and, interestingly, about others’ allowed or ideally prohibited use of swear words. These sets of data present thought-provoking and often entertaining statements regarding the unwritten set of rules governing swearing behavior. Who’s Swearing Now? concludes with close analyses of four recent and highly publicized incidences of public swear word usage, considered in light of the spontaneous swearing utterances, speaker and addressee variables such as gender, race and age, and perceptions of offensiveness and propriety.

  • 33.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Bednarek, Monika
    Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    The evolution of swearing in television catchphrases2022In: Language and Literature, ISSN 0963-9470, E-ISSN 1461-7293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catchphrases have long been a hallmark of US-American sit-coms and dramas, as well as reality, game and variety show programming. Because the phenomenon of the television catchphrase developed throughout the era of network, commercial broadcasting under Federal Communications Commission guidelines regulating profanity in network television, catchphrases traditionally have not included swear words. Nevertheless, certain past television catchphrases can be regarded as euphemistic alternatives of swearing expressions (e.g. ‘Kiss my grits!’), while contemporary catchphrases from cable or streaming series do include explicit swearing (e.g. ‘Don’t fuck it up!’). We examine a database of 168 popular catchphrases from a 70-year period of US-American television programming according to categories for bad language and impoliteness formulae. We identify three categories of catchphrases based on structural-functional similarities to swearing expressions, and we trace the distribution of these categories over time and across networks. The data reveal a trend towards explicit swearing in catchphrases over time, not only in series on cable and streaming services, but across networks. We conclude that the expressive nature of catchphrases and their structural-functional properties render the inclusion of swear words both more palatable to a television audience and more compatible with television norms, thus propagating catchphrase swearing on cable and streaming television services, and mitigating the use of swear words on network television. Due to appropriation phenomena, swearing catchphrases may serve to blur the lines between actually swearing and simply invoking a swearing catchphrase, thereby potentially increasing tolerance for swearing both on television and off.

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  • 34.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Pereira, Gerardine M.
    Saarland University.
    Swear words for sale: The commodification of swearing2021In: Pragmatics and Society, ISSN 1878-9714, E-ISSN 1878-9722, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 79-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swearing has traditionally been associated with spoken language; however, swear words are appearing more often in print and, notably, explicitly featured in commercial products. In this paper, we consider this development an example of the commodification of swear words, or 'swear words for sale'. Our analyses of English-language swear word products show that the taboo nature of swear words is exploited and capitalized upon for commercial gain. We argue that swear word commodities trade on sociolinguistically incongruous aspects of swear word usage, increasing salability of the swear word products by targeting specific demographics. Specifically, we analyze (1) women's apparel and accessories, (2) domestic items and home décor, and (3) children's products for adults or articles targeting parents of young children. The study concludes with a discussion of whether the popularization of swearing via such commodification may ultimately result in a loss of distinctiveness and devaluation.

  • 35.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stapleton, K.
    Ulster University, United Kingdom.
    Everybody swears on Only Murders in the Building: The interpersonal functions of scripted television swearing2023In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 216, p. 93-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swearing fulfils a range of interpersonal pragmatic functions and also acts as a distinguishing feature of speakers and contexts. In broadcast media, swearing has traditionally been censored or at least limited in its deployment; although when used, it serves characterization, interactional, and narrative functions. In this article, we consider the Disney+ television series Only Murders in the Building (OMITB, 2021–), in which swearing is not subject to standard media constraints, due to its provision on a streaming service. Freed from such constraints, OMITB is distinctive in its unusually high frequency and dispersion of swearing across characters and contexts. Compared with both real-life and media-based analyses of language use, the swearing in OMITB reflects neither real-life nor standard broadcast patterns. In this paper, we investigate how swearing is used by the characters, and what it is ‘doing’ in the series. In particular, we highlight the role of swearing in affiliation and relationship-building, both between characters in the story world, and between the series and its viewers. Our analysis contributes to understanding the pragmatic functions of media swearing.

  • 36.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stapleton, KarynUlster University.
    Advances in swearing research: New languages and new contexts2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Any behavior that arouses, as swearing does, controversy, disagreement, disdain, shock, and indignation as often as it imbues passion, sincerity, intimacy, solidarity, and jocularity should be an obvious target of in-depth scholarship. Rigorous, scholarly investigation of the practice of swearing acknowledges its social and cultural significance, and allows us to discover and better understand the historical, psychological, sociological, and linguistic aspects (among others) of swearwords and swearword usage. The present volume brings together a range of themes and issues central to the existing knowledge of swearing and considers these in two key ‘new’ arenas, that is, in languages other than English, and/or in contexts and media other than spoken interaction. Many of the chapters analysed are based on large and robust collections of data, such as corpora or questionnaire responses, which allow for patterns of swearing to emerge. In other chapters, personally observed instances of swearing comprise the focus, allowing for a close analysis of the relationship between sociolinguistic context and pragmatic function. In each chapter, the cultural aspects of swearing are considered, ultimately affirming the importance of the study of swearing, and further establishing the legitimacy of swearing as a target of research.

  • 37.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stapleton, Karyn
    Ulster University.
    Introduction: Swearing research as variations on a theme2017In: Advances in Swearing Research: New languages and new contexts / [ed] Kristy Beers Fägersten and Karyn Stapleton, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stapleton, Karyn
    Ulster University, UK.
    Swearing2022In: Handbook of Pragmatics: 25th Annual Installment / [ed] Frank Brisard; Sigurd D’hondt; Pedro Gras; Mieke Vandenbroucke, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2022, 25, p. 129-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Stapleton, Karyn
    Ulster University, Northern Ireland.
    Hjort, Minna
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Censorship and Taboo Maintenance in L1 and LX Swearing2024In: Languages, E-ISSN 2226-471X, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 128-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Bellander, T.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Landqvist, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Becoming the expert constructing health knowledge in epistemic communities online2020In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 507-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a discourse analytic framework, the article analyses health blogs and patient’s forum discussions in which parents to children with congenital heart defects recontextualize medical professional knowledge and share their own experiences. The study show how the two types of online media may serve as a means for parents to attain expert status in their own case by sharing lay knowledge expressed as an amalgamation of the two key perspectives–professional and experienced–as an indivisible unit. Monological discourses, such as narrating, in blogs and more direct and immediate responses in forum discussions are noted as examples of differences in how medical facts are explained and negotiated, how advice is provided and how patient expertise is created. The study also show how blogs and especially forum discussions are used to problematize the validity of actions and opinions of medical staff. The role of developing patient expertise in epistemic communities online may therefore come with a risk of spreading misrepresentation of medical cases. 

  • 41.
    Bellander, Theres
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Karlsson, Anna-Malin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Blogging as a Health Literacy Practice: Identity construction and knowledge-building in the writing of parents of children with heart defect2018In: Explorations in Ethnography, Language and Communication: Capturing linguistic and cultural diversities / [ed] Stina Hållsten & Zoe Nikolaidou, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2018, p. 127-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Blogging as a Health Literacy Practice
  • 42.
    Bellander, Theres
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Building health knowledge online: Parents’ online information searching on congenital heart defects2017In: Literacy and Numeracy Studies: An international journal in the education and training of adults, ISSN 1441-0559, E-ISSN 1839-2903, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 4-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines online searching as a digital health literacy practice and focuses on parents of children with congenital heart defects. Over the period of four years, we have conducted interviews with couples at different stages of pregnancy or parenthood and have encouraged them to reflect on their literacy practices when receiving a heart defect diagnosis, during the remaining time of their pregnancy and when living with a child with a heart defect. We have also read and analysed health blogs written by parents and focused on extracts where literacy events are described. Searching for information and support online is one of the most frequent practices amongst the participants in the study. The aim of this paper is therefore to highlight the complexity of looking for information online in order to take health decisions and provide care to a child with congenital illness. Based on what parents say they do when searching online, we focus on three main paths to knowledge: looking for medical facts, looking for other parents’ experiences and looking for practical information. We discuss digital health literacy practices as complex activities that often involve parents in the diagnosis and in the child’s medical care to such an extent that parents build up knowledge and become experts, not only in finding information and support but in talking and writing about their child’s illness. We also problematise the notion of trustworthy health information and show how facts and opinions often go hand in hand in platforms where health issues are discussed. Finally, we show some of the affordances and restrictions inherent in using the internet as a source for meaning making and learning about children’s health. The results reinforce our understanding of the socially framed nature of health literacy and make us focus on the digital as an additional important aspect in the practice of health literacy.

  • 43.
    Bergdahl, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Crisis or Struggle?: A Language of Natality as a Struggle for Education2017In: Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi, E-ISSN 2244-9140, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 25-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking its point of departure in the connotations to war and violence inherent in what is here called the ‘language of crisis’ (Jantzen), the purpose of this article is to explore what it might mean to reassess the language of educational change and policy reform in the imagery of natality and birth (Arendt). If the task in a ‘crisis’ is to fight against the crisis, effectively and forcefully, the argument of the paper is that the root metaphors of natality and birth puts into play an imagery that makes possible a relational language for educational change and reform. If the language we use has performative consequences, the question explored is what a ‘language of natality’ can make possible as a language of struggle for education.

  • 44.
    Björkqvist, Jenni
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Normbrytande reklam: En multimodal studie av hur språkliga och visuella resurser används i normbrytande reklam2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines two norm-breaking advertising campaigns. Through a sociosemiotic multimodal analysis I have examined a selection of advertising images from two norm-breaking campaigns: Försvarsmakten’s campaign Kom som du är and Arbetsförmedlingen’s campaignGör plats. The purpose of this study was to create a deeper understanding of how norm-breaking advertisement uses verbal and visual resources to affect attitudes and prejudices. To answer this purpose, the study has been based on the following questions: How are prominent participants constructed in norm-breaking advertising? How does image and text interact in order to change attitudes and prejudices? How does the presentation of the prominent participants in the advertising images relate to the overall purpose of the campaign?

    The result of this study indicates that there are patterns regarding how verbal and visual resources are used in the analyzed norm-breaking advertising images. The overall result shows that how the participants are portrayed makes the advertising images both demanding, contact- creating and engaging. Text and image interact in such a way that they both strengthen and complement each other and together they express demands that point toward a desired attitude and social change. The advertising images contains different people represented in a non- stereotyped way which relates well to the overall purpose of the campaigns.

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    Normbrytande reklam
  • 45.
    Björsson, Emma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Det är inte trevligt att sitta med jacka på sig inomhus”: En samtalsanalytisk studie om konstruktionen av genus på utbildningen Svenska för invandare2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine, with a gender theoretical and conversational analytical framework, how teachers in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) distribute positive and negative assessments towards men and women in the classroom and what causes them. The purpose is further to examine how the assessments construct and actualize gender patterns in the education.

     

    The thesis is divided into two major issues: How are positive and negative assessments ​​distributed between men and women in a class at Swedish for immigrants (SFI) and what causes these? How can the assessments ​​be related to constructing and actualizing gender? In order to achieve the research questions, four teachers have been observed in three different classrooms.

     

    The result shows how assessments ​​in classrooms are caused by fostering the students into a gender-normative behavior and also into a desirable classroom behavior. Furthermore, the assessments ​​are caused by evaluating students work efforts in school work. The result also show how women are given more positive assessments ​​and men more negative, even though there are no major differences between how assessments are distributed between male and female students. In total, women are given more assessments than men in the classroom. With the hidden curriculum as an analytic tool, the results show how hidden teaching agendas and the teachers’ assessments to foster the students into these exists within an educational context for adult students. The study has also made visible how gender is both actualized and constructed in the assessments ​​the teachers express in conversation with the students.

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    fulltext
  • 46.
    Blomqvist, Oliver
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Bilingual personal designations in medieval Finnish sources2020In: Onoma, ISSN 0078-463X, E-ISSN 1783-1644, Vol. 55, p. 111-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the territory of modern-day Finland was part of the Swedish kingdom during the medieval period. Around 1350 Swedish replaced Latin as official language while Finnish essentially remained a language for oral communication until the 16th century. Nevertheless, traces of Finnish, mostly proper names, can be found in various kinds of Old Swedish charters. Occasionally scribes even rendered Finnish toponyms in locative case forms, in particular when indicating designations of origin for named individuals. This surprising occurrence of Finnish case-endings has generally been considered a result of the deficient Finnish language proficiency of the Swedish scribes. In this paper, it is shown that, contrary to earlier views, the use of Finnish in Old Swedish charters follows a clear pattern, which suggests that scribes in Finnish-speaking areas of the Swedish realm were at the very least able to understand some Finnish, and used Finnish in a conscious manner when suitable.

  • 47.
    Byström, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    ”Vad sa du?” – En samtalsanalytisk undersökning av samtal mellan hörande och personer med hörselsvårigheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker anpassningar som görs i samtal mellan hörande och personer med hörselsvårigheter. Tanken med uppsatsen är att resultaten ska kunna användas på ett praktiskt sätt av båda parter. Studiens material består av två ca tio minuter långa samtal mellan en hörande och en person med hörselvariation. Dessa samtal har kompletterats med två kortare mejlintervjuer med deltagarna som har hörselvariationer.Studien har utförts med klassisk samtalsanalytiska element, genom att undersöka olika strategier för att uppnå förståelse, genom t.ex. ackommodation. Detta har kantats med ett mer tillämpat syfte. Detta för att fastställa praktiker som fungerar bra eller praktiker som skulle gynnas av förändring. Förhoppningen är då att uppsatsen ska kunna användas av både de hörande och de med hörselvariationer för att beskriva olika effektiva, och ev. ineffektiva anpassningar. Resultaten visar att båda parter anpassar sig efter varandra på olika sätt. Dessa anpassningar har delats in i två huvudkategorier: fysiska och kommunikativa anpassningar. Fysiska anpassningar innefattar bl.a. att luta sig fram när man inte hör någon, betona viktiga ord eller använda gester för att ge visuell information till det som sägs. En särskilt viktig fysisk anpassning när man talar med en person med hörselsvårigheter är därför att söka och fånga dennes blick. Kommunikativa anpassningar innefattar bl.a.: att initiera samtalsreparationer och utför problemlösningar. En annan kommunikativ anpassning är att den hörande identifierar problemområden som förmedlats av deltagaren med hörselvariation. Den hörande applicerar därefter kunskapen på framtida anpassningar. En kommunikativ anpassning kan också vara att deltagaren med hörselvariation informerar den hörande om problemområden och på så sätt vägleder denne i sina anpassningar. Genom den här studien har det blivit tydligt att ett välfungerande samtal mellan hörande och de med hörselvariationer går ut på att både fysiska och kommunikativa anpassningar görs av båda parter. Detta görs dock ofta vid olika tillfällen och med olika funktioner. Den hörande plockar upp det som personen med hörselvariation förmedlar och anpassar sig utifrån dennes önskemål samtidigt som personen med hörselvariation anpassar sig för att vägleda den hörande i sina anpassningar. Trots att det inte alltid är helt uttalat vad som borde göras när, är det möjligt att navigera olika kommunikativa utmaningar om båda hjälps åt att identifiera problem och därefter anpassa sig för att lösa dem.

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    fulltext
  • 48.
    Börjeson Martins, Maria Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Linguistic Patterns in 13 Reasons Why: A Study on Narrative Cohesion and Televisual Characterization in the Netflix Series 13 Reasons Why2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study conducts a telecinematic discourse analysis of the popular Netflix series 13 Reasons Why and investigates how the linguistic performances of the main characters establish patterns, which provide the series a structure. The aim is todetermine how the series is structured linguistically and how distinct character identity is achieved through language.  To do this, transcriptions are made of different parts of the main character’s narration and the second main character’s dialogues in each episode of the series’ first season. Previous research indicates the significant role of different linguistic elements when construing characters and establishing narrative cohesion, such as repetitions, discourse markers, expressivity, stability, logical sense and style of language. This study provides further illustration of how narrative cohesion and characterization are achieved through telecinematic discourse. Such strategies provide the series a structure, which in turn supports variation in characters and setting.

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    fulltext
  • 49.
    Curtis, Hugh
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    ’she bes delighted with herself’: Habitual marking in Irish English2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The habitual aspect has been a feature of Irish English for centuries. How it has evolved may have had a lot to do with contact between Standard English and the Celtic language, Irish, spoken in Ireland. As time passes does the impact which these two languages have had on each other weaken? How has a major feature of Irish English, the habitual aspect, fared in the digital world? This essay executes some digital detective work and finds that habitual markers do be always there…

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    Kandidatuppsats eng VT14 Hugh Curtis_
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    fulltext
  • 50.
    Dammyr, Elisabeth
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric.
    Två kommuners platsmarknadsföring ur ett identifikationsperspektiv: ”Här finns fullt av möjligheter” och ”Välkommen till paradiset”2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "Here are lots of opportunities" and "Welcome to Paradise". Two municipalities' place marketing from an identification perspective. 

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    C-uppsats Elisabeth Dammyr
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