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Household-Level Coverage of Iron-Biofortified Beans in the Northern Province of Rwanda
University of Rwanda, Rwanda.
University of Michigan, United States.
University of Rwanda, Rwanda.
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3751-625x
2023 (English)In: Current Developments in Nutrition, ISSN 2475-2991, Vol. 7, no 6, article id 100106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Biofortification, the process of enhancing the micronutrient content of staple crops, is a nutrition-sensitive agricultural intervention with the potential to increase micronutrient intakes and improve health outcomes, especially among vulnerable populations. Although data are available on the number of farming households that grow biofortified crops, information on the coverage of biofortified foods in the general population is limited. Such information is critical to assess the performance of biofortification programs and guide decisions related to program implementation while ascertaining progress toward achieving expected impacts. Objective: This study aimed to assess the household coverage of iron-biofortified beans (IBBs) in rural areas of the Northern Province of Rwanda. Methods: We applied methods previously used to assess coverage in large-scale food fortification programs to develop coverage indicators for IBBs. These indicators were 1) consumption of beans in any form; 2) awareness of IBBs; 3) availability of IBBs; 4) consumption of IBBs (ever); and 5) consumption of IBBs (current). Results: Of the 535 households surveyed, 98% consumed beans in any form and 79% were aware of IBBs. Among the 321 households that provided bean samples, only 40% of the samples were biofortified (as determined by a breeding specialist) and only 21% of respondents were able to correctly identify IBBs. Although 52% of households reported to be ever consuming biofortified beans, only 10% of households were currently consuming these beans. Conclusions: Despite relatively high awareness of IBBs among surveyed households, a few households currently consume IBBs, highlighting the need to explore strategies to promote consumption. More research is also required to investigate factors hindering the consumption of IBBs. © 2023

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 7, no 6, article id 100106
Keywords [en]
beans, biofortification, coverage, iron, Rwanda
National Category
Food Science Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51847DOI: 10.1016/j.cdnut.2023.100106ISI: 001025211400001PubMedID: 37396962Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85162147951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-51847DiVA, id: diva2:1777836
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencyBill and Melinda Gates Foundation, INV-002962/OPP1211308Available from: 2023-06-30 Created: 2023-06-30 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved

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Kjellqvist, Tomas

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
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  • Other style
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