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Small Island Societies, Livelihoods, Challenges and Opportunities duringthe Covid-19 Pandemic in Sweden
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8939-1105
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3316-9825
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0426-7936
Ekonomisk historiska Institutionen, Lunds Universitet, Sverige.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2692-9996
2022 (English)In: AGER: Journal of Depopulation and Rural Development Studies, ISSN 1578-7168, no 36, p. 131-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Covid-19 increased the social and economic vulnerability of island societies. Swedishislands are key tourism destinations but are also home to many island residents. Previous studies have highlighted the impact of Covid-19 on core areas, but our knowledge of its impact on island communities is lacking. We use phenomenology to analyse how communities in small Swedish islands perceive the impact ofCovid-19. We use institutional theory and the concepts of social capital and accessibility in the analysis.Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and focus groups with islanders and representatives of local organizations on sampled islands. Pandemic regulations affected island communities differently.Authorities and shipping companies strove to discourage people from visiting islands. This affected tourismnegatively in some islands, whereas tourism increased in others. Informal institutions established a basis forgood community relations; enabled the mobilization of social capital, especially given action by local agentswho were endorsed by the community. Cooperation was a key to reducing negative impact. Accessibilityincreased on islands with well-developed and expanded IT-infrastructure that enabled holiday homeownersto work from their holiday islands. This helped create a sustained positive economic trend for grocery storesand the construction industry

Abstract [es]

La Covid-19 aumentó la vulnerabilidad social y económica de las sociedades insulares.Las islas suecas son destinos turísticos clave y hogar para muchos isleños. Estudios anteriores destacan elimpacto de la Covid-19 en áreas centrales, pero nuestro conocimiento sobre su impacto en comunidadesinsulares es escaso. Usamos la fenomenología para analizar cómo las comunidades en pequeñas islas suecasperciben el impacto de la Covid-19. El trabajo realizado emplea conceptos de teoría institucional, capitalsocial y accesibilidad. Los datos se recopilaron vía entrevistas semiestructuradas y grupos focales conempresarios y representantes de organizaciones locales. Las regulaciones de la pandemia tuvieron unimpacto diferente según islas. Las autoridades y las compañías navieras actuaron para que el público se abstuviera de visitar las islas. Esto afectó negativamente al turismo en algunas islas y positivamente en otras.Las instituciones informales que llevaron a buenas relaciones comunitarias, posibilitaron la movilización decapital social, especialmente cuando agentes activos avalados por la comunidad actuaron. La cooperaciónfue clave para reducir el impacto negativo. La accesibilidad aumentó en las islas con buena infraestructurade IT y permitió que isleños y dueños de casas de veraneo trabajaran desde sus respectivas islas. Este últimohecho creó una tendencia económica positiva sostenida en los sectores de alimentación y construcción.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zaragoza: Universidad de Zaragoza , 2022. no 36, p. 131-158
Keywords [en]
Small Island Societies, Livelihoods, Challenges and Opportunities during the Covid-19 Pandemic in Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50516DOI: 10.4422/ager.2022.15ISI: 000923309000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85150055161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-50516DiVA, id: diva2:1724253
Funder
Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, 20298083Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Small Island Societies, Livelihoods, Challenges and Opportunities duringthe Covid-19 Pandemic in Sweden(538 kB)277 downloads
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Rytkönen, PaulinaLarsson Segerlind, TommyBox, Marcus

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
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  • Other style
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