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Individual differences in both fluid and crystalized intelligence predict metaphor comprehension
University of Niš, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0121-4591
University of California, Los Angeles, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8010-6267
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society / [ed] Charles Kalish; Martina Rau; Jerry Zhu; Timothy T. Rogers, Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society , 2018, p. 2542-2547Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The nature of the mental processes involved in metaphor comprehension has been the focus of debate. Research related to this debate has mainly examined the comprehension of simple nominal metaphors. Here we take an individual-differences approach to examine the comprehension of slightly more complex metaphors, some taken from literary sources, using two types of comprehension tests (selecting an overall interpretation or else selecting a completion). In a series of metaphorcomprehension experiments with college students, we measured both fluid intelligence (using the non-verbal Raven’s Progressive Matrices test) and crystalized verbal intelligence (using a new Semantic Similarities Test). Each measure had a dissociable predictive relationship to metaphor comprehension, at least for those of the more complex literary variety. The pattern of individual differences suggests that metaphor comprehension broadly depends on both crystalized and fluid intelligence, with the latter less important for relatively simple metaphors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society , 2018. p. 2542-2547
Keywords [en]
Metaphor, Analogy, Conceptual combination, Similarity, Individual differences, Intelligence
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-50075DiVA, id: diva2:1703884
Conference
40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, July 25-28, 2018.
Available from: 2022-10-15 Created: 2022-10-15 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Stamenković, Dušan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-oxford.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf