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Phytodiversity distribution in relation to altitudinal gradient in Salma Mountains – Saudi Arabia
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Sfax, Tunisia; Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3401-2897
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5636-3957
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.
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2021 (English)In: Global Ecology and Conservation, ISSN 2351-9894, Vol. 27, article id e01525Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study was conducted to assess the phytodiversity distribution in relation to altitudinal gradient in Salma Mountains, a naturally protected habitat in Ha'il region in the north of Saudi Arabia. Seventeen (17) sampling sites covering three altitudinal zones (i.e. valley, foot and top mountain) were randomly selected within the study area. Within each site and altitudinal zone, the floristic composition and the potential plant species of economic values were assessed and evaluated. A total number of 163 plant species belong to 101 genera and 41 families were identified in this study. Their economic values were also classified into forage (32%), edible (8.7%), medicinal (21.3%), ornamental (30.7%), weeds (18%) and rare species (14%). In addition, results obtained from different altitudinal zones of Salma Mountains, showed that 24 species were spread in the adjacent valley to the mountains, where 32 species spreading at the foot of the mountains and 40 found occupying the top of the mountains. The rest of species have been found to occupy larger geographical distribution in all altitudinal parts. Across the altitudinal gradients, species richness has been found to be consistent with a monotonically increasing pattern with a high richness at high altitudes. The current study suggests that such naturally protected ecosystem can provide a refuge for native plant species and serve as seed bank for a future restoration program in Ha'il region and other similar habitats in Saudi Arabia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 27, article id e01525
Keywords [en]
Altitudinal gradient, Pattern, Phytodiversity, Salma Mountains, Species richness
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-44638DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01525ISI: 000663456000007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102451683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-44638DiVA, id: diva2:1540014
Available from: 2021-03-26 Created: 2021-03-26 Last updated: 2021-07-07Bibliographically approved

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Abdelgadir, Mohanad

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