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Biology Teaching Has to Be Founded on the Theory of Evolution
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Matematikens didaktik.
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: New Perspectives in Science Education - Conference Proceedings 2020, Bologna: Filodiritto Editore , 2020, s. 257-260Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Scientific revolutions may be characterized by the replacement of some fundamentaltheories by others, changes of scientific practices, transforming the world, and reachingpopular consciousness. The theory of evolution by natural selection by Darwin is a goodexample. The expressions of the theory may change over time; Darwin’s hypotheseswere in an ordinary language, today often presented as mathematical models. Thus, thetheory is explanatory only if the context is well-known and the concepts used are clear.Artificial and natural selection differ, as the (artificial) action based on the choices ofacting individuals to reach specific long-term goals, are completely different from the(natural) act (active or passive) by organisms to achieve something within the nextminute. Thus, for humans it may be hard to identify the natural selective forces leadingto changes, although it is possible to use the perspective of Darwin on cultural activities.The theory of organic evolution was developed more than 150 years ago, and explainsalmost all of the phenomena in biology. Anyhow, the use of the theory in biology teachingis astonishingly low. Almost all teaching from primary schools to universities, is basedon facts or simple mechanisms between individuals. Biological communities on differentlevels from biotopes to biomes may be included in the curricula but only a small numberof students seem to understand the evolutionary background and its processes. In orderto increase the understanding of evolutionary theory, some ideas how to reform teachingin general and how to create a better understanding, through fieldwork, observations innature, discussions etc., are presented.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bologna: Filodiritto Editore , 2020. s. 257-260
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper Didaktik
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Utbildningsvetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-43069ISBN: 978-88-85813-90-8 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-43069DiVA, id: diva2:1515461
Konferens
9th International Conference New Perspectives in Science Education, Florence, March 19-20, 2020.
Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-08 Skapad: 2021-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-01-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Mattsson, Jan-Eric

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Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknikMatematikens didaktik
Biologiska vetenskaperDidaktik

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