sh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Widholm, Christian
Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Widholm, C. (2022). Swedish Cold War history on YouTube: committed amateurs and heritagization from below. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 39(5), 441-454
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Cold War history on YouTube: committed amateurs and heritagization from below
2022 (English)In: Critical Studies in Media Communication, ISSN 1529-5036, E-ISSN 1479-5809, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 441-454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the meaning-making of amateur videos on YouTube pertaining to the Swedish Cold War heritage and it contributes with a discussion on how videographic conventions and social media platform logics intervene in the ongoing informal heritagization of the Cold War era. The heritagization process of the Cold War remains in Sweden during the 1990s and the beginning of the new millennium coincided with the advent of the online society. The process seemed to resonate of the democratic ideals from the discourse of Heritage from below. Now it seemed like anyone had the possibility to become a heritage producer. However, heritagization from below came with unintended implications. The analysis of YouTube videos in this study suggests that the vernacular Cold War heritage is colored by an easily digested format containing of moving still pictures, mood-inducing soundtracks, luring camera perspectives, rhythmic editing, and genre loans from video games and horror films, which tend to safeguard the naturalness of filmed sites and an entire era.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2022
National Category
History Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49925 (URN)10.1080/15295036.2022.2121411 (DOI)000854588000001 ()2-s2.0-85138278167 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-09-19 Created: 2022-09-19 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. & Lundberg, V. (2020). The Swedish Cold War Heritage through Youtube Algorithms. In: : . Paper presented at ACHS 2020 FUTURES - Association of Critical Heritage Studies 5th Biennial Conference, Hosted by University Collage London, August 26-30, 2020..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Cold War Heritage through Youtube Algorithms
2020 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the Cold War obsolete military infrastructure was transformed into visitor attractions by traditional heritage stakeholders or was left as ruins for the war history buffs to reveal. However, the heritagization of the Cold War remains during the 1990s and the beginning of the new millennium coincided with the advent of the digital society. This led to an inclusion of new actors and arenas on the terrain of heritage production. In this paper we focus on how the logics of the digital age have affected the Cold War heritage in Sweden, where it is both popular and contested, through an investigation of the social media platform Youtube and the video content pertaining to the Swedish Cold War. We suggest, like previous research has indicated (Gillespie 2015; van Dijck 2013; Pietrobruno 2013; Reider et al 2018; Bishop 2018), that social media should be understood in relation to opaque economic (e.g. monopolies) and technological (algorithms) frames that intervene in the supposedly democratic universe of social media.

In addition, given notions that todays’ situation is unique, we problematize views that emphasize the difference between heritagization online today and heritagization in pre-digital contexts: Yesterdays’ heritagization in many ways looked different from todays’ online-age, but was it not also influenced by phenomena that we usually think did not exist in the past, for example so-called filter bubbles? And, despite ongoing de-politization in contemporary neoliberal discourses, is not the post-Cold War era still marked by ideology?

National Category
Cultural Studies
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40782 (URN)
Conference
ACHS 2020 FUTURES - Association of Critical Heritage Studies 5th Biennial Conference, Hosted by University Collage London, August 26-30, 2020.
Available from: 2020-05-28 Created: 2020-05-28 Last updated: 2020-09-11Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2019). Barndomsminnen och den (o)politiska idrotten. Ikaros (1), 45-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barndomsminnen och den (o)politiska idrotten
2019 (Swedish)In: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998, no 1, p. 45-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo: Folkets Bildningsförbund, 2019
National Category
History
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38144 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2019). Entrepreneurship in the Stockholm Archipelago: A Historical Perspective. Baltic Worlds, 12(2), 57-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship in the Stockholm Archipelago: A Historical Perspective
2019 (English)In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 57-60Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38624 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-28 Created: 2019-07-28 Last updated: 2020-06-05Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2018). Basebollens pastorala dimensioner i USA och Sverige. In: Victor Lundberg & Cecilia Riving (Ed.), Mellan Malmö och Minneapolis: Kulturhistoriska undersökningar tillägnade Lars Edgren (pp. 69-84). Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basebollens pastorala dimensioner i USA och Sverige
2018 (Swedish)In: Mellan Malmö och Minneapolis: Kulturhistoriska undersökningar tillägnade Lars Edgren / [ed] Victor Lundberg & Cecilia Riving, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018, p. 69-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35627 (URN)9789179243104 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2018). Kulturarv och imaginära barndomslandskap: Reflektioner kring historiebruk och turismentreprenörers drivkrafter. In: Wiebke Kolbe (Ed.), Turismhistoria i Norden: (pp. 283-294). Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarv och imaginära barndomslandskap: Reflektioner kring historiebruk och turismentreprenörers drivkrafter
2018 (Swedish)In: Turismhistoria i Norden / [ed] Wiebke Kolbe, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2018, p. 283-294Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2018
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36232 (URN)978-91-87403-28-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2017). Heritage and Imaginary Childhood Landscapes: On the Impetus of Tourism Entrepreneurs in Stockholm Archipelago. In: Martin Dackling, Poul Duedahl & Bo Poulsen (Ed.), Reformer og ressourcer / Reforms and Resources: Rapporter til det 29. Nordiske Historikermøde / Proceedings of the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians. (1 udg.) Aalborg. (Studier i historie, arkiver og kulturarv, Vol. 7): Reformer og ressourcer. Paper presented at 29. Nordiske Historikermøde, Aalborg, 15.-18. august 2017/the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg, 15-18 August 2017 (pp. 184-207). Aalborg, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage and Imaginary Childhood Landscapes: On the Impetus of Tourism Entrepreneurs in Stockholm Archipelago
2017 (English)In: Reformer og ressourcer / Reforms and Resources: Rapporter til det 29. Nordiske Historikermøde / Proceedings of the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians. (1 udg.) Aalborg. (Studier i historie, arkiver og kulturarv, Vol. 7): Reformer og ressourcer / [ed] Martin Dackling, Poul Duedahl & Bo Poulsen, Aalborg, 2017, Vol. 2, p. 184-207Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aalborg: , 2017
Series
Studier i historie, arkiver og kulturarv, ISSN 2246-2023 ; 7
National Category
History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33153 (URN)978-87-7112-643-3 (ISBN)
Conference
29. Nordiske Historikermøde, Aalborg, 15.-18. august 2017/the 29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg, 15-18 August 2017
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2017). Roddsporthistoria och radiosporthistoria – två böcker i en: [[Recension av] Michael J. Socolow. Six Minutes in Berlin: Broadcast Spectacle and Rowing Gold at the Nazi Olympics] [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, 28 september
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roddsporthistoria och radiosporthistoria – två böcker i en: [[Recension av] Michael J. Socolow. Six Minutes in Berlin: Broadcast Spectacle and Rowing Gold at the Nazi Olympics]
2017 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 28 septemberArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33550 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2016). Heritage, Emotional Communities, and Imaginary Childhood Landscapes. In: : . Paper presented at ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change?. , Article ID 11.20.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage, Emotional Communities, and Imaginary Childhood Landscapes
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Employing examples from maritime heritage attractions in Sweden this paper aims to analyze how heritage stakeholders situate their enterprises through unreflective references to childhood. 

A pioneer in the business of shipwreck tours started a heritage project by trying to convince investors and to create general interest in the planned tours by thoroughly referring to the thrilling documentary films about the Titanic by James Cameron. In contrast to the logistically complex and not-so-dramatic shipwreck tours that were eventually realized, the pioneer’s almost boyish appreciation of the adventurous qualities of Cameron’s documentary conveys feelings of childhood. Another stakeholder in the same project recalled a media event from his childhood when he talked about his early interest of old warships at the bottom of the sea. Thus he told me in an interview about how he absorbed the live television broadcast in the early 1960s of the rescue of the seventeenth-century warship Wasa in Stockholm. A third stakeholder, involved in another maritime heritage attraction, referred to his seemingly happy childhood as a contrast to contemporary selfishness and gentrification that, in his view, seem to threaten the surrounding landscapes of his heritage project located on a an island where he spent his childhood summers. 

One of several hot-tempered arguments in David Lowenthal’s classic work The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History (1998) highlights the importance of childhood in the discourses of heritage. Since heritage merely seems to be a conspiratorial celebration of the past for Lowenthal, the childhood dimension is treated as a tool that the advocates of a specific heritage deliberately use to legitimize their version of bygone days. My research on heritage attractions confirms Lowenthal’s claim that childhood is a crucial element in heritage. Through analyses of texts and interviews pertaining to the maritime heritage attractions in Sweden, however, I contend that the use of more or less salient references to childhood could be understood as unreflective and habitual articulations. Nonetheless, even though the forms of heritage attractions may vary and the stakeholder’s so-called personality may differ, the imaginary landscapes of childhood appear to function as central prerequisites in the enterprises of heritage. However, to offer a deeper understanding of how the uses of childhood work within the logics of heritage, I propose that we move beyond Lowenthal’s critique. I propose that the references to childhood could be related to the concept of emotional communities, introduced by the historian Barbara Rosenwein (2006). The emotional community for her is a group in which people have a common stake, interests, values, and goals. These are reached through representations of emotion within in a system of norms and convention. The analysis focuses on the fabric of a social community and how emotions are discursively expressed; not unmediated feelings or emotions, which is the case in psychology. I believe that an analytical approach that makes use of the concept of emotional community with the focus on the different uses of the feeling of childhood is a way to deconstruct naturalizations, hierarchies, temporality, and spatiality within heritage.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30730 (URN)
Conference
ACHS 2016 - What does heritage change?
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-16 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Widholm, C. (2015). Idrottens kvarlåtenskap genomlyses med varierande resultat [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum (18 november)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrottens kvarlåtenskap genomlyses med varierande resultat
2015 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 18 novemberArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö högskola, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28775 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-20 Created: 2015-11-20 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications