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  • Arvedson, Lucas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Of Dancers and Martial Artists: Historic Emasculation, Hegemonic Masculiniy, and Popular Culture in Donald Duk and Interior Chinatown2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to investigate constructions of masculinity in Frank Chin’s Donald Duk and Charles Yu’s Interior Chinatown, comparing them to each other, and scrutinizing them through Raewyn Connell’s framework of hegemonic masculinity. Moreover, it aims to analyze the utilization of popular culture in identity formation within the two novels. Furthermore, it also aims to discuss how these novels can be utilized to discuss masculinity in the EFL classroom. To achieve these aims, the essay utilizes close reading of excerpts from the two novels. The analysis concludes that the protagonist of Donald Duk constructs masculinity with traits from hegemonic masculinity to combat the emasculation he experiences, while the protagonist from Interior Chinatown starts with the same ambition, he then rejects hegemonic masculinity in favor of a more empathetic masculinity. Additionally, both novels utilize representations of masculinity from popular culture as role models for the protagonists’ own identities. Lastly, it concludes that Donald Duk and Interior Chinatown can be of use in the EFL classroom to discuss toxic masculinity and alternative masculinities by highlighting the protagonists of the novels and tying the discussion to its authors, and the students’ own identities and experiences.

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  • Brindsjö, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Krutova, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    I kollisionen mellan marknadslogik och trygghet: En studie om hur idrottsföreningar hanterar barnidrottens kommersialisering2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the effects of commercialisation impact the management of sports organizations. Additionally, the study aims to investigate how sports organizations handle commercialisation to ensure a sustainable balance between the market logic and safe sports for children. Neo -institutional theory, and its various components, have been used as a theoretical lens to answer these research questions. The study was conducted using a deductive, qualitative method, and the questions for the semi-structured interviews were designed and analysed with the help of neo-institutional theory.

    The results and analysis show that commercialisation primarily affects the management of sports organizations through increased professionalisation. To manage commercialisation and maintain a sustainable balance between market logic and safe sports for children, sports organizations work on educating employees, coaches, and parents. They establish guidelines and ensure compliance, focusing on a proactive approach to prevent infringement. Within the organizations, there is an ongoing dialogue to integrate these guidelines into the organization. The results also highlight the importance of understanding the individual needs of athletes so that sports activities can be conducted on their terms. A long-term perspective on sports participation is also emphasised as important for sustainability.

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  • Falck, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    European Media’s Role in Nation Branding: A Case Study of Swedish and British Coverage of Ukraine's 2016 and 2022 Eurovision Participation2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the extent to which European journalistic coverage of the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) supports the nation branding of individual countries, focusing on Ukraine's participation during 2016 and 2022. Through an analysis of 16 selected articles from British and Swedish media outlets, the study investigates how Swedish and British media outlets report on how Ukraine's portrayal in the ESC contributes to its nation branding efforts. Drawing upon theoretical frameworks of strategic narrative and nation branding, the research explores two main questions: To what extent does media coverage support Ukraine's nation branding in the ESC? And has there been any change in coverage since 2016? Furthermore, the study reflects on why nation branding within the profession of journalism has become accepted and not questioned, examining the implications for the profession and its role in society. Through a qualitative narrative analysis based on the concept of framing, two distinct narratives were revealed: "Ukraine's Resistance Against Oppression and Invasion" and "Support and Solidarity from Europe." The findings demonstrate differences in reporting between Swedish and British media, with shifts in focus observed between 2022 and 2016. This study underscores the role of media in shaping perceptions and nation branding, offering insights into the dynamics of strategic narratives and media influence, and the evolving role of journalism in society.

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  • Gebresus, Amanuel
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Forest Conservation and Carbon Credit Projects by Global North in Manyara, Tanzania: Neocolonial and Dependency Theory Approach2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change and forest deforestation pose significant threats to our way of life.  In response to this challenge, various countries, companies, and nations in the Global North have launched initiatives for forest reservation and carbon credit in the Global South. This thesis examines the impacts of carbon trading projects on forest-dependent communities in Manyara, Tanzania, focusing on environmental conservation efforts and socio-cultural justice for local people. It is based on a qualitative field study that includes interviews with community members and key stakeholders. The findings indicate that while carbon trading projects can generate economic benefits and contribute to forest biodiversity,  they also apply significant restrictions on local communities' access to forest resources, leading to socio-cultural inequality and increasing dependency.

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  • Svensson, Elias
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Materiality Matters: Unraveling the Impact of Double Materiality in Swedish Corporate Sustainability2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The evolution of sustainability reporting demands increased transparency and scope. A pivotal aspect of this process is the determination of materiality for disclosure. The European Union, through its latest enactment, the European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS), has refined the interpretation of materiality criteria. This regulatory development motivates this study, which aims to explore the implications of the double materiality assessment (DMA). Specifically, investigating how the DMA is strategically utilized and if the generated output could lead to change in companies’ governance, operations, and practices. 

    To investigate this, the study examines eight Swedish companies across various industries, among the early adopters of ESRS. These companies serve as the focal point of the case study, utilizing a qualitative research approach where insights are derived from semi-structured interviews with key representatives of these firms. A conceptual framework, drawing from dynamic capabilities and institutional theory, help identifying patterns and themes related to dynamic skills and isomorphic tendencies. 

    The study reveals how the DMA shapes companies’ sustainability focus and operations. It enhances internal and external discussions, promotes sustainability awareness among colleagues, and facilitates knowledge sharing. The DMA emphasizes supplier transparency, fosters stakeholder engagement, and influences sustainability strategies, leading to organizational restructuring. Additionally, the study highlights the reliance on external consultants for DMA execution, reflecting resource constraints or regulatory complexity. Professional audits expedite compliance efforts but raise concerns about internal resource adequacy for sustainability reporting practices amidst new disclosure mandates. 

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    Materiality Matters: Unraveling the Impact of Double Materiality in Swedish Corporate Sustainability
  • Dragojevic, Dajana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Medinic, Amila
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kreditriskhantering och banksektorns arbete med CSR: En kvalitativ studie om hur svenska banker arbetar med CSR samt kreditriskhantering2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kredit möjliggör för företag att skjuta fram betalningar till framtiden och begreppet betyder tillit. En intressant fråga som är kopplad till kredit är “ Hur kan bankerna säkerställa att de faktiskt kommer få tillbaka den utgivna krediten? ”

    Arbete som inte är i linje med hållbara policyer och samhällets förväntningar kan resultera i stora förluster inom banksektorn. Förtroendet anses vara en värdefull tillgång för bankerna. Bankerna anser att bristande förtroende kan leda till ryktesrisk och att det är en utmaning varje bank står inför. Tidigare studier tyder på att CSR-arbete inte enbart är en dyr kostnad på arbetet faktiskt kan främja och reducera de risker som bankerna ständigt ställs inför till vardags. Denna studie kommer, med hjälp av relevanta teorier, försöka att ta reda på vad bankerna beaktar vid kreditgivning för att säkerställa återbetalning. 

    Studie har utförts med hjälp av insamlad empiri genom en kvalitativ datainsamlingsmetod och med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuer har hållits med respondenter från Handelsbanken, SEB och Nordea.

    Slutsatser från studien är att CSR- arbete implementeras tydligt hos samtliga banker. CSR är en del av deras kreditprocess och innan kredit beviljas utförs det en del beräkningar, analyser och prognoser om företaget. Banken kräver mycket information för att kunna utföra detta. Den informationen är viktig för att banken ska kunna reducera de risker som krediten medför. 

    Genom att implementera CSR-arbete ökar bankernas attraktionskraft för anställda och olika intressentgrupper. 

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  • Holm, Emmy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    "Må jag komma dithän där jag aldrig kan se befläckelsens berg": Genus och didaktisk potential i Euripides Backanterna (405 f.Kr)2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “May I reach a place where I can never see the mountain of defilement” The aim of this study is to investigate how different aspects of gender are actualized in Euripides’ play The Bacchae (405 BC). Specifically, it examines how hegemonic masculinity and gender systems are constructed. Furthermore, the purpose is to create an understanding of how it can be used in relation to the Swedish school subject in order to address various value-related questions. To achieve this aim, the study utilizes close reading as a method. The results show that the play addresses different matters of gender, in which various aspects of masculinity (hegemonic, subordinate, marginalized, and complacent) are both created and challenged. The gender system can be interpreted in different ways, but shows signs of both female subordination and female liberation - influenced by norms, behaviors, and the male hierarchy. Additionally, this creates tensions that contradict the values specified in the Swedish curriculum. In summary, the study shows that The Bacchae is filled with didactic potential regarding these matters - creating room for the development of morality, equal and democratic values, and critical thinking. 

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  • Johnsson, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Konsten att intervjua: En jämförande analys av Carina Bergfeldt och Fredrik Skavlans intervjuteknik2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien ämnar undersöka fenomenet intervjuteknik med utgångspunkt att studera interaktionsmönstret hos två av Sveriges främsta Talkshowvärdar, Carina Bergfeldt och Fredrik Skavlan. Genom att analysera deras intervjutekniker i respektive Talkshowprogram, Carina Bergfeldt och Skavlan, avser studien att identifiera eventuella skillnader respektive likheter i deras tillvägagångssätt att genomföra en intervju.

    Studien utgår ifrån de två frågeställningarna

    1) Hur är Carina Bergfeldt och Fredrik Skavlans intervjutekniker utformade, och hur påverkar deras tillvägagångssätt intervjuprocessen och dess resultat?

    2) Hur anpassar sig Carina Bergfeldt och Fredrik Skavlan till olika intervjupersoner, och hur påverkar detta deras förmåga att skapa en givande interaktion?

    Ett analysschema baserat på tidigare forskning och teorier inom ämnet har använts för att studera inspelat material ifrån de två programmen. Med hjälp av samtalsanalys har åtta avsnitt segmenterats och transkriberats för att analysera programledarnas intervjuteknik. Resultatet visar att Carina Bergfeldt och Fredrik Skavlans intervjutekniker skapar en dynamisk miljö där en balans mellan allvar och humor upprätthålls, detta för att skapa ett underhållningsvärde för publiken.

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  • Prskalo, Helen
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Public Administration.
    Från krishantering till resiliens: En narrativ analys av ansvarsprincipen i MSB:s policydokument2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores changes in governance and management within Swedish public administration, with a particular focus on the principle of responsibility in the context of crisis management. Through a narrative analysis of the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency's (MSB)policy documents, the formulation and evolution of the responsibility principle from 2014 to 2024 are examined. The results show that the responsibility principle has undergone significant changes. Prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, Swedish administration was characterized by decentralization and a strong focus on municipal self-governance. However, the pandemic exposed serious flaws in this model, such as fragmentation, lack of coordination, and unclear allocation of responsibilities. The study identifies that during the pandemic and other crises, there has been an increased emphasis on collaboration and clearer allocation of responsibilities. MSB's role as a coordinating authority has become increasingly central, with a stronger focus on building resilience and effective crisis preparedness. Despite this, challenges remain, particularly in implementing a more integrated and adaptive governance model capable of effectively managing future crises. The conclusion is that effective crisis management within Swedish public administration requires a balanced integration of both centralized and decentralized governance models. Such a balanced model entails a clear, responsible national strategy that includes both formal structures and institutions as well as broader governance processes. This approach enables better handling of complex and varied crises by leveraging the advantages of both coordination and flexibility. Although societal issues have become increasingly complex and require greater expertise, the state's role remains central. This implies that a mixed model of governance is necessary to effectively address contemporary challenges by ensuring comprehensive and inclusive governance.

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    Från krishantering till resiliens: En narrativ analys av ansvarsprincipen i MSB:s policydokument
  • Falkenstad, Alma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Sköld, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vad berättar rubriken?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av artiklar kring sexualbrott2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks hur sexualbrottsartiklar är uppbyggda i kvällstidningarna Aftonbladet och Expressen. Fokus kommer att ligga på rubriker. Det finns mycket forskning om genus och media men inte specifikt om dessa typer av artiklar. Uppsatsen har utgått från ett genusperspektiv med kvinnan som offer och mannen som gärningsperson, eftersom det är kvinnor som i högst utsträckning utsätts för våldtäkter.  Siffror från Brottsförebyggande rådet visar att 7,8 procent av kvinnor uppgav att de utsatts för sexualbrott 2022. Majoriteten av dem som misstänks för våldtäkt eller andra sexualbrott är män. 

    Genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys kodades 100 artiklar från tidningarna Aftonbladet och Expressen utifrån genus- och gestaltningsteorin. I den här studien undersöks hur rubrikerna och artiklarna är uppbyggda, vad de innehåller och vem som får uttala sig i detta ämne. Vårt resultat visar att rubrikerna ofta handlar om flera saker och att kvinnan är det vanligaste subjektet i dessa artiklar. Utifrån vårt resultat kan vi också se att det ofta är polisen som får komma till tals med talminus eller att ingen uttalar sig med talminus. En anledning till detta är att det är vanligare att texterna inom ämnet är notiser, och i en notis har man inte alltid ett talminus.  

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  • Jonsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Törnblom Ehrnst, Emil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Analys av värdnationers aktiemarknadsreaktioner i samband med tillkännagivandet av mega-sportevenemang: En kvantitativ studie om tillkännagivandet av mega-sportevenemang med syfte att beskriva och analysera potentiella reaktionen på värdnationens aktiemarknad2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of mega-sporting event announcements on the host country's stock market. The analysis includes 34 events between 2000 and 2024, including the Olympic Games (Summer and Winter), the FIFA World Cup, and the UEFA European Championship.

    Employing a deductive approach grounded in existing theory and research, the study formulates hypotheses and utilizes an event study methodology to examine whether the announcements trigger abnormal returns in the host nation's stock market. T-tests are used to assess the statistical significance of the findings.

    The results provide limited evidence of market reactions to the announcements, with any potential effects occurring primarily before the official announcement, suggesting the possibility of information leakage or insider trading. No significant effects were found on the announcement day itself or on subsequent days. Furthermore, no statistically significant differences were found based on the economic size of the host nation or the type of event. However, the study did observe that FIFA World Cup announcements tend to generate slightly more volatile market reactions compared to the other events.

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  • Öhman, Malte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Dödsbetraktelser: En undersökning av dödens betydelse i Marcus Aurelius Självbetraktelser2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although written down almost two thousand years ago, the philosophical topics that are discussed in the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are just as relevant to contemplate today as they were in his time. In the Meditations, Marcus reflects on many themes regarding the human condition and what his own individual task may be in a world full of wrongdoers, natural changes, and death. Thoughts about his own and other people’s mortality occur often throughout the work as if he always wants to keep the imminence of death present in his mind, but why is that so? In this essay, I investigate that question with the aim to better understand what role reflections on death has in his philosophy. What purpose does these contemplations on death serve? What is the meaning with reflecting on death for him? By analysing all extracts from the book concerning the theme of death, I found that Marcus primarily think about death for four different reasons: (1) to remind himself not to fear death, (2) to remind himself not to get distracted by things that, in the presence of death, appear trivial and unimportant by viewing life on earth from above, (3) to remind himself of what actually is important, namely moral virtue and maximizing the present moment, and (4) to remind himself that liberation is coming and that death soon will relieve him from his weary and exhausting life. I also place my analysis in relation to what other studies on Marcus Aurelius have found and compare my view with the likes of Pierre Hadot, William O. Stephens, and John Sellars. 

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  • Al-Jammali, Kawther
    Kontroversiella frågor inom de samhällsorienterande ämnena: Möjligheter respektive utmaningar med undervisning av kontroversiella frågor i samhällsorienterade ämnen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about teachers in socially oriented subjects and their attitudes and experiences regarding working with controversial issues in teaching. Previous research has shown that there are shortcomings and major challenges in handling controversial subjects in the classroom. Therefore, I chose to investigate this by interviewing eight subject teachers in socially oriented subjects. The purpose of the study was to examine different teachers' work with controversial issues and their experiences of opportunities and challenges respectively in teaching controversial subjects. After conducting a qualitative interview study with eight teachers, the results were consistent with previous research. The results of the study indicate a lack of time and challenges associated with working on controversial issues, as they are difficult to handle and can lead to conflicts and disruptions in the classroom. Consequently, some teachers choose not to teach about controversial issues. However, on the other hand, the results of the study show that there were teachers who encouraged working with controversial issues as they considered it important to socialize students into society by addressing controversial topics. They believed that by doing so, students develop into democratic citizens with political tolerance. Another interesting finding from the interview study is that certain schools as a whole choose not to work with controversial issues to avoid negative consequences. This is interesting because other schools in the study, for example, those with UN profiles, focus on challenging students with controversial issues to develop them into democratic citizens of society. One can therefore conclude that working with controversial issues is a task that must involve the entire school, not just the teacher, as it requires efforts from management, colleagues, teachers, and students. Thus, in schools where only the teacher is responsible for addressing controversial issues without support from management or colleagues, it may lead to a reduction in teaching on controversial subjects.

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  • Eckervig, Edvin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hanno, Izla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    FinTech och riskhantering inom den svenska banksektorn: En kvalitativ studie om samarbete, utmaningar och risker kring digitala betalningsalternativ vid utvecklingen av FinTech2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization includes a technical and digital development that plays a central role in today's banking sector. In step with digitalization, FinTech has developed and resulted in a collaboration between banks and FinTech companies, which leads to the development of new digital payment options within the banks. Digital payment options have grown in the banking sector and are widely used against customers in various ways. Along with the introduction of digital payment options, and a collaboration between banks and FinTech companies, challenges and risks have also developed. With this as a basis, the study intends to analyze how the Swedish banks handle digital payment alternatives, in relation to the challenges and risks that arise as a result of the banks' collaboration with FinTech companies. The study uses an abductive approach and the empirical answers are based on in-depth interviews, which results in a qualitative study.

    The study has focused on both large banks and other newly developed banks, with the aim of reaching large parts of the banking sector. The study has identified that the development of FinTech, digital payment options, risks and challenges do not differ broadly between the different banks. All respondents highlight how they experienced cyber attacks, data leakage and human errors. Furthermore, different management strategies have been highlighted for the challenges and risks that arise, many of the responses being mutually reinforcing while others are more unique. The study shows how the banks' management strategies are based on technical and organizational improvements. Different management strategies that the study can highlight are training, authorization levels, monitoring systems and the employment of hackers. The study has contributed with several aspects that explain the management strategies in more detail and contributes with new research on the cooperation between banks and FinTech companies.

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  • Kern, Ina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Investigation of the use of influencer strategies by the German public media sector: The Instagram channels News-WG, Migratöchter and Mädelsabende as a case study2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master's thesis deals with the impact of influencers on journalism and explores the question of whether influencer strategies are adopted by journalists and how these strategies affect journalistic practices. By examining journalistic content on three German public service media accounts: News-WG, Migratöchter, and Mädelsabende, this study aims to uncover the extent to which influencer tactics are integrated into journalistic work by German public service media. Based on the theoretical framework of the profession of journalism and the profession of influencers, specific strategies were identified that characterize the work of influencers. These strategies were divided into the categories of posting, trust/authenticity, journalistic quality, and influencer inspiration. A qualitative content analysis of Instagram accounts and interviews with people associated with these accounts were then conducted. The analysis revealed that while Instagram accounts draw inspiration from influencer practices, journalistic quality and adherence to professional standards remain paramount. In addition, the analysis was placed in the context of the theory of hybrid media, which added a further perspective to the analysis.This research contributes to the understanding of the evolving dynamic between influencers and journalism in the digital age.

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  • Mainit, Limuel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Thunqvist, Elmer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vikten av varumärkeskommunikation för nystartade företag på sociala medier: En kvalitativ forskning om hur varumärkeskärlek kan utvecklas hos konsumenter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines the role of brand communication on social media for a start-up company and to understand how brand love can be created and developed in consumers. By applying the theories of brand equity and relationship marketing to three marketing concepts, the research is able to focus on understanding how consumers interact with a start-up. This was done using a qualitative approach with university students to discuss their perceptions and experiences of the start-up Temu and other companies and brands. The results show that brand communication has a significant impact on social media in how it interacts and engages consumers. Although participants did not explicitly declare their feelings towards brands, the data collection shows indications of what was appreciated in other brands. Transparent communication, wide product range and mutually beneficial relationship between companies and customers are what were emphasized as important to build and create relationships where the possibility of brand love can develop. This research contributes to the understanding of how start-ups can use brand communication on social media to establish and strengthen relationships with their customers to develop brand love. 

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  • Wallnér, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Om begreppet sorg: med stadig hänsyn till tröstens problem2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the following essay, one of grief’s central problems, namely its relation to consolation, is examined. Ancient philosophers’ answers to the question are compared with contemporary ones. Interestingly, although these answers and their theoretical frameworks largely differ, they seem to have one essential point in common, which is the idea that afterlife, understood either as metaphysical or non-metaphysical concept, lies at the core of what makes consolation intelligible. What is put into question in this essay is therefore this rather daring thing: does really the idea of afterlife, when faced with death, console grief, and if not, is there anything left to offer any consolation?

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    Om begreppet sorg.pdf
  • George, Lilian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Elia, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En sambandsanalys av kapitalanskaffning och lönsamhet: En empirisk studie av kapitalanskaffning inom butiker som distribuerar smycken och klockor2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe the relationship between capital structure and profitability in small and medium- sized enterprises within the retal sector, with a specific focus on the jewelry and watch industry. This particular focus is chosen due to the lack of previous research in this specific area and the dynamic nature of the retail industry, which adds to its interest. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the pecking order theory. A quantitative method with a deductive approach had been utilized. Secondary data has been sourced from the Retriever Business database.

    To achieve the study's objectives, various data analyses were conducted using the variables: profitability (measured as ROA and ROE), long-term debt, short-term debt, size, and age. The study included observations from 166 micro-enterprises within the jewelry and watch industry, operating during the period 2018-2022.

    The results from the regression analysis demonstrated a negative relationship between capital structure and profitability, highlighting the risks associated with high levels of debt. A statistically significant relationship was found between short-term debt and profitability, indicating that higher levels of short-term debt are associated with lower profitability. This finding is partially in line with the pecking order theory, but the uncertainty in the results calls for further research. A statistically significant relationship was also observed between long-term debt and profitability, which supported the pecking order theory. The results for the relationship between firm size and profitability were mixed. No significant relationships were found between the age of the firms and profitability, suggesting that firm age does not have a statistically significant impact on profitability in the jewelry and watch industry.

    The results have been analyzed in the context of previous research and the pecking order theory, showing the study's varying outcomes. Some results supported the stated hypotheses, while others contradicted them.

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  • Gudmundson, Erik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lifvakt, Isac
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    100 dagar av invasions-bevakning: En jämförelse av svensk mediebevakning från Ukraina- och Gazainvasionerna2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies syfte är att undersöka hur de svenska rikstidningarna Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet, Aftonbladet och Expressen bevakat invasionerna av Ukraina 2022 och Gaza 2023.  Vi ämnar att se vilka likheter och skillnader som uppenbarar sig i de båda bevakningarna. Forskningsfrågorna som formulerats utifrån den övergripande frågeställningen är: 1. Vilka aspekter av krigen har fått mest fokus och därmed högst nyhetsvärde i svensk dagspress?, 2. Hur ser fördelningen av källor ut angående statistiken från konflikten som används i artiklarna? och 3. I vilken utsträckning får de inblandade sidorna synas i form aktörer som uttalar sig. Studiens resultat har byggts på en kvantitativ innehållsanalys som utgår från tidsperioderna 2023-10-27 till 2024-03-25 för Gazakriget och från 2022-02-24 till 2022-07-17 för Ukrainakriget. Studien omfattar totalt 200 artiklar, varav 100 behandlar varje konflikt. Vi har inkluderat 25 artiklar från varje tidning per konflikt för att säkerställa en jämn fördelning. För att kunna forma en förståelse för materialet användes följande teorier: gestaltningsteorin, nyhetsvärdering och Westerståhls objektivitetsmall. Resultatet visar att nyhetsvärderingen gällande vilka aspekter som lyftes i respektive konflikt var mycket likartade. Civilas upplevelser, militära operationer, politik och humanitära förhållanden förekom i båda bevakningarna. Den stora skillnaden var dock att Ukraina hade en bredare bevakning. Fördelningen av källor när det gäller statistik och uttalade aktörer var i stort sett likartad. Det fanns dock en markant underrepresentation av politiker och militärer från Hamas i bevakningen av Gaza, vilket i sin tur eventuellt skulle kunna påverka den allmänna bilden av konflikten. 

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  • Nousiainen, Nicklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Palmgren, Clayton
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Idrottens finansiering och crowdfunding: En kvalitativ studie hur idrottsorganisationerna finansieras och hur upplever samt anpassar sig idrottsorganisationerna till crowdfunding?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background - Swedish sports organizations often struggle to gain financial income, due to reasons such as the 51% rule within Swedish sport, not obtaining enough financial income internally through the organization and the loss of earnings from the Covid-19 pandemic and other economic fluctuations. Therefore this study was conducted to analyze and describe how Swedish sport organizations seek financial help externally to be able to finance their organizations. Where the organizations network status was examined to see the potential external help they could benefit from and how the usage of crowdfunding could be an alternative for the organizations to gather financial help.  

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe how sports organizations finance themselves. 

    Method - The way in which the study was performed, was through a qualitative method with an abductive approach. Through six semi structured interviews with representatives from the Swedish sports organizations the empirical data was collected. Then analyzed in relation to theories and previous research by a thematic analysis. 

    Findings - The findings of this study suggest that Swedish sports organizations tend to prioritize their internally generated financial amounts of capital to finance their organizations through traditional financial methods such as: membership fees, sponsorship income, ticket sales, public support and in addition some organizations earned capital through player sales. Rather than reaching out to external financial investors, where crowdfunding was seen as a potential financial method to gather financial support. The Swedish sports organizations considered it to be important to engage and maintain their networks for this type of financial gathering method to be functionable.

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  • Abed, Rayahin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Formal Language Style in EFL and SFI Classrooms in Sweden: Exploring Perceptions and Practices2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this study is to gain insight into the level of formality in EFL (English as a Foreign Language) classrooms in upper secondary schools and in SFI (Swedish for Immigrants) classrooms in Sweden. This research specifically examines how EFL and SFI teachers perceive and integrate formal language into their teaching practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 teachers, including 5 EFL and 5 SFI teachers to gather qualitative data. The interviews ranged from 20-45 minutes and were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a thematic analysis to identify recurring themes and patterns within the interview transcripts. The findings reveal distinct perceptions and practices between EFL and SFI teachers regarding formal language. EFL teachers view formal language as essential for promoting social norms, such as politeness and respect. They incorporate formal language using formal texts, advanced formal vocabulary, and sentence structures. Some EFL teachers prioritize the use of formal language based on specific lesson goals, while others are influenced by the informal nature of Swedish culture and prefer to use informal language in their classrooms. On the other hand, SFI teachers perceive formal language as flexible and context dependent. They emphasize practical applications of formal language such as writing emails and formal letters at a basic level. SFI teachers focus on clarity and correctness over strict formal language rules and the aim of such focus is to ensure that the students learn the basic Swedish language necessary for social integration.

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  • Spångberg, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Dorf, Martina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbara fonder - ett vinnande koncept för investeraren?: En kvantitativ studie om hållbarhet och avkastning i fonder2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för hållbara fonder har ökat avseendevärt de senaste åren. Tidigare studier hade delade meningar huruvida hållbara fonder genererar bättre eller lika bra avkastning som traditionella fonder. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och analysera avkastningen och risken hos hållbara fonder i jämförelse med traditionella fonder samt om hållbarhetsmärkningen är av statistisk signifikans i detta. Studiens författare analyserar ett urval baserat på EU:s taxonomis gemensamma klassificering för “hållbarhet” och enligt SFDR:s rapporteringskrav, vilket gör det aktuellt. 

    Denna studie är av kvantitativ natur som testar hypoteser för att analysera med hjälp av teorier och tidigare empiriska studier. Perioden för studien är de senaste fem åren, 2019-2024 med ett urval på totalt 69 observationer, uppdelade i tre grupper beroende på hållbarhetsnivå. 

    Genom statistisk metod har P-värde tagits fram där studien kunnat dra slutsatsen att hållbara fonder är ett bättre val för investeraren än traditionella. 

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  • Basmahji, Christoffer Jacob
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Montes, Leonardo
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Cirkulära företags kapitalstruktur och dess samband på företagstillväxt: En kvantitativ studie om kapitalstrukturens roll för tillväxt bland svenska företag som anammat cirkulär ekonomi2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att förbättra förståelsen av hur kapitalstrukturen påverkar tillväxten hos svenska företag som anammar cirkulär ekonomi. Genom en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi, som inkluderar både en korrelationsanalys och multipel linjär regressionsanalys, analyseras data från 449 företag inom sektorerna återvinning, återtillverkning och återanvändning som antagit cirkulära principer. Studien finner att intern finansiering, såsom kvarhållna vinster och eget kapital, har en stark och signifikant positiv inverkan på företagstillväxten, vilket stödjer The Pecking Order Theory. Resultatet visar även på att extern finansiering, i form av banklån och nyemissioner, bidrar positivt till tillväxt, särskilt inom dessa sektorer och som därmed stödjer Trade-off theory. Vidare analyserar studien hur företagsstorlek och ålder påverkar tillväxten. Resultaten indikerar att större och äldre företag tenderar att ha en stabilare tillväxt när de använder en balanserad kapitalstruktur. Studien identifierar även utmaningar och möjligheter kopplade till finansieringen av cirkulära företag, inklusive bristen på anpassade finansieringskällor. Genom att fylla existerande forskningsgap, bidrar studien till en förbättrad förståelse för hur företag kan hantera finansieringsutmaningar inom cirkulär ekonomi och därmed främja en hållbar ekonomiskt tillväxt. Därmed kan studiens resultat vägleda företag och offentliga organisationer i att optimera kapitalstrukturen för att främja hållbar tillväxt inom cirkulär ekonomi. Studien kommer även att förbättra förståelsen för både investerare och forskare.

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  • Yakoob, Marjam
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Jansson, Towa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Från broadcast till TikTok: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Lilla Aktuellts värderingav nyheter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utforskar Lilla Aktuellts nyhetsvärdering under tidsperioden 9 maj 2023 till 22 februari 2024. Syftet med denna undersökning har varit att jämföra nyhetsvärderingen i Lilla Aktuellts sändningar och TikTok-videoklipp. Sociala medier har påverkat människors nyhetskonsumtion och där antalet barn och unga som får sina nyheter från sociala medier plattformar har ökat. Vårt teoretiska ramverk baseras på Håkan Hvitfelts teori om nyhetsvärdering, där 10 punkter omfattar hans kriterier för nyhetsvärdering. Teorin om medielogik har tillämpats för att se vilka skillnader i utförande som sker när man byter plattformar.  

    Genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys kodade vi Lilla Aktuellts 100 sändningar och 100 TikTok-videoklipp. I studien undersöker vi ämnen som förekommer i både broadcast och på TikTok, vilken ordning dessa ämnen placeras i och till sist vilka aktörer som kommer till tals i både programmet och TikTok. I vårt resultat för nyhetsvärderingen framkommer det att båda plattformarna tenderar att fokusera på ämnen inom nöje/kultur, sport och samhälle. Utifrån vårt resultat för de som kommer till tals har vi kommit fram till att barn och elitpersoner är de två största aktörerna.  

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  • Rosqvist, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur investerar Generation Z?: Studien undersöker hur Generation Z investerar jämfört med Millennials, Generation X och Baby Boomers samt vilka faktorer som påverkar utfallet av Generation Z:s aktieportfölj2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The stock market has become increasingly accessible over the years and more predictable with the advancements in digitalization, benefiting younger investors. Overall, Generation Z shows a greater presence in the market, which could be attributed to the increased access to information leading to heightened investment activity. The study aims to examine how Generation Z invests compared to Millennials, Generation X and Baby Boomers, and identify possible factors influencing the outcomes of their stock portfolios. The study applies a quantitative method following a deductive approach. Hypotheses are formulated based on theories such as Modern Portfolio Theory, risk tolerance linked to age, and Investor Attention. To investigate the phenomenon, data is collected through surveys. The survey is distributed to the study's target group, which is Generation Z in Sweden, through convenience sampling. Furthermore, secondary data is compared to primary data to discuss how factors like the influence of other investors and perceived risk tolerance differ among generations. Secondary data is processed by conducting a descriptive content analysis, where the content is then presented as categories in the results. The secondary data also presents portfolio values for Generation Z, Millennials, Generation X, and Baby Boomers.

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  • Yousef, Kristian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Knezevic, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Visa, Övertyga och Sälj: En kvalitativ studie som identifierar strategier för att bemöta fenomenet showrooming2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify strategies that physical stores can implement to effectively address the phenomenon of showrooming. To answer the study's purpose, aqualitative research method was applied, including a focus group interview with consumers and four semi-structured interviews with store personnel. The focus group interview aimed to understand consumers' perspectives on showrooming, while the semi-structured interviews focused on the stores' strategies. Furthermore, the study adopted an abductive approach whose theoretical framework formed the basis for the interview guides and thus the collected material. The theoretical framework consists partly of a collection of strategies to address showrooming, as well as the theories of Customer Experience Factors and the Theory of Planned Behavior. 

    The results revealed several strategies to counter showrooming. Price matching, where stores match online prices, was identified as a direct method to attract price-focused customers to make purchases in-store. However this strategy was presented as a short term solution, as it in an early stage isn't a profitable strategy. Improved customer service and an attractive store atmosphere created a unique added value that could not be easily replicated online, strengthening customer loyalty. Membership programs and time-limited promotions were used to reward loyal customers and offer extra value. Additionally, it was found that tailored services, such as personal advice and customization of products in-store, increased the likelihood of on-site purchases. By integrating these strategies, stores can address showrooming and retain their customers

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  • Agharzayeva, Leyla
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Bakhtiyarova, Dilnaza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Abstrakt normprövning: En komparativrättslig studie av det svenska Lagrådet och den azerbajdzjanska författningsdomstolens rättstillämpning av den abstrakta normprövningen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This public law study aims to analyze abstract norm review in Sweden and Azerbaijan, conducted byspecific entities – the Swedish Council on Legislation (Lagrådet) and the Constitutional Court ofAzerbaijan, respectively. The primary focus is to examine and compare the approaches of Lagrådet andthe Azerbaijani Constitutional Court in abstract norm control.In this essay, a comparison is made between abstract norm review in Sweden and Azerbaijan, revealingsimilarities in purpose but significant differences in the powers and the binding nature of decisions.Historically, Sweden has undergone a longer constitutional development, while Azerbaijan hasundergone changes following its independence from the Soviet Union, which is noticeable throughvarious historical and political contexts shaping their norm review processes.In practice, Lagrådet in Sweden plays an advisory role during the legislative process. Although itsadvice carries significant weight, the final decision to follow or deviate from these recommendationslies with the government. Meanwhile, the Constitutional Court in Azerbaijan possesses direct legallybinding authority over its decisions, which affect all organs and individuals in the country.The difference in independence and legitimacy between these institutions is reflected in their impact onlegislation. Despite its active role, Lagrådet is subordinate to the government's decisions. Meanwhile,the Constitutional Court in Azerbaijan has a more independent and tangible influence on legislation. 

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  • Izgin, Georgis
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Santhakumar, Sujipan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Påverkas värdeaktier och tillväxtaktier av varierande marknadsförhållanden?2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the performance of value and growth strategies in the Swedishstock market during the period 2012–2022. By applying the efficient market hypothesisand portfolio theory, we analyze how different market factors influence the returns ofthese strategies. We employ quantitative methods, a deductive approach, regressionanalysis, and a longitudinal design. Our findings indicate that value stocks are not significantly affected by variables such as interest rates, GDP growth, Covid-19, and thewar in Ukraine. At the same time growth stocks are negatively impacted by interest ratesand the war in Ukraine, but positively influenced by GDP growth, OMX index, andCovid-19. This suggests that the growth portfolio is more volatile compared to the valueportfolio. However, the higher volatility of the growth portfolio may imply both a higherpotential for returns and an increased risk for growth stocks. In conclusion, both valueand growth strategies have their advantages and disadvantages. The value portfolio isperceived as a safer investment, while the growth portfolio shows potential for higherreturns but with increased volatility. However further research is still needed to enhancethe full understanding of which strategy is most advantageous in the long term, becausethe results of the variable were largely unexplained.

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  • Cartier, Emmanuel
    et al.
    Jonason, Patricia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Law.
    The Articulation Between Soft Law and Hard Law in the Legal Management of Covid-19 in France and Sweden: Two asymmetrical strategies revealing a specific “administrative citizenship”2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The legal strategies employed by France and Sweden to combat the Covid-19 pandemic differed significantly. Indeed, the articulation of hard law and soft law instruments varied, particularly due to differences in the trust placed by the state in its citizens. Meanwhile, both countries faced the same necessity of implementing efficient and effective standards designed to combat the pandemic. However, the fluctuating context in which these norms were established, along with the difficulty for the intended recipients to distinguish between what was mandatory and what was merely advisory, significantly contributed to the lack of legibility in health regulations in both countries.

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    The Articulation Between Soft Law and Hard Law in the Legal Management of Covid-19 in France and Sweden: Two asymmetrical strategies revealing a specific “administrative citizenship”
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  • Riihimäki, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Informatics.
    Mainit, Limuel
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Informatics.
    Medarbetares anpassningsförmåga till digital transformation inom försörjningskedja: En analys av ledningens beslut2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studying digital transformation in Supply Chain Management provides a comprehensive understanding of how IT-tools can transform operational business processes to identify opportunities and challenges for an organization. However, previous studies suggest that the approach to how an organization achieves digital transformation is still a research topic that has some knowledge gaps, especially on how management encourages changes within the organization. By studying how employees are affected by management decisions in supply chain management, this research presents new insights into employee attitudes towards digital change. In order to explain the importance of this, the Alters Framework is used to analyze an IT-dependent work system and how digital changes affect different roles and business processes of an organization. Not only that, but also Business IT-alignment in combination with Resource-Based View Theory is used to identify how the organization can use its resources and competencies to improve business processes. By taking a qualitative research approach to the impact of employees at operational, tactical and strategic levels, this research provides a good overview of how an organization can be developed and improved. The data collected shows that there is a lack of the IT-support and IT-tools used, which hinders the pace of the business to undergo a digital transformation. The conclusion is that management has a significant impact on employees' values, attitudes and business process.

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  • Vonic, Patricia Lydia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Lila drömmar: En etnologisk studie av relationen mellan sydkoreansk populärkultur och psykisk hälsa i Sverige2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate how the popular male K-pop group BTS has influenced seven people, to motivate them to a better mental health and new life path in Sweden. The study examines purple dreams that represents mine and six other individuals’ stories that has found similar motivation from Korean popular culture. The method used in this study are autoethnography, my own prior memories and qualitative methods in the form of three interviews and three written stories. The theoretical perspective in the study consists of Blumer's interactionism, which provides a closer insight into how a fandom as a whole community acts and reacts in its inner workings.

    The results show that the informants experience an improvement in their mental state through this community. It also showed that communication between fans has helped improve mood, providing fans with a community to help fulfill some goals on the road to their dreams. It emerged in the interviews and stories that fans, and idols play a significant role in the BTS community. The community's experience show that culture and interaction are important to people's lifestyles and have contributed to better mental health.

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  • Widoff, Max
    et al.
    Södertörn University.
    Lärfars, Jessica
    Södertörn University.
    Hållbara fonders prestation vid olika marknadsförhållanden: En jämförelse med traditionella fonder på den svenska marknaden2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability has become a growing trend on the stock- and fund market throughout therecent years, although there is still some uncertainty on how the performance differs betweensustainable funds/stocks and more traditional funds/stocks. Previous research have shownthat sustainable funds show greater accomplishment in coping with periods of uncertainty andrisk.The purpose of this qualitative study is thereby to compare the performance of Swedishsustainable funds, with the performance of Swedish traditional funds. The study’s periodspans between the years 2017 and 2023. The selection contains a total of 13 sustainable fundsand 24 traditional funds. The result is presented with the help of descriptive statistics andregression analysis.The result of this study produced varying results across different periods, with the initialperiod showing no significant difference while the latter two periods indicated betterperformance by sustainable funds. Shortly summed up, the study shows that in periods ofuncertainty and risk, the sustainable funds appear to perform better than the traditional funds.The study identifies a positive, but not a particularly strong correlation between sustainabilityrating and risk-adjusted return for the funds. This means that the performance cannot alone beexplained by their sustainability rating, and more studies need to be done to understand theunderlying factors that may have an impact on fund performance. 

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  • Haglund, Amelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Moa, Vermcrantz
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Gestaltning och genus i mediers skildringar av kvinnomord: En kvalitativ studie av gestaltningen av två mordfall i Aftonbladet och Expressen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker hur två mordfall gestaltas i svensk kvällspress, specifikt Aftonbladet och Expressen. Detta genom att undersöka mordet på 19-åriga Tova Moberg och mordet på 21-åriga Tove, två fall som fått stor uppmärksamhet i media. För att uppnå studiens mål har vi formulerat fyra frågeställningar som besvaras i studien: 1) Hur gestaltas fallet Tova Moberg och fallet Tove i Aftonbladet och Expressen? 2) Beskrivs offren och förövarna med könsstereotypa egenskaper? Vilka i så fall? 3) Hur gestaltas relationen mellan gärningspersonen och offret? 4) Finns det skillnader i gestaltningen av gärningspersonen mellan de två fallen? Ett teoretiskt ramverk, som involverar gestaltningsteori och genusteori, har använts för att besvara frågeställningarna. Sexton artiklar har analyserats och kodats genom tematisk analys. Resultatet visar att gestaltningen av fallen skiljer sig markant när det gäller gestaltningen av både offer och gärningsperson. De könsstereotypa attribut som tillskrivs offer och förövare kan ha en inverkan på offrets status samt i vilken grad offrets skuldbeläggs. Vidare visar resultatet att båda mordfallen beskrivs i ett sken av en konfliktfylld relation mellan offer och gärningsperson. Sammanfattningsvis tenderar undersökta nyhetsmedier att tillskriva aktörerna vissa egenskaper och beteenden där brotten betraktas som individuella problem snarare än strukturella problem. Mordfallen gestaltas, i undersökta medier, på ett episodiskt vis.  

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  • Nikolov, Lara
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Code-Switching in EFL Classrooms: A Comparative Study of Observed and Perceived Code-Switching Triggers among Swedish Upper Secondary School Students2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates code-switching among EFL students during pair work in uppersecondary school classroom settings. The aim is to uncover the reasons behind code-switchingand the factors influencing code-switching. Using a mixed-methods approach, the research usesclassroom observations and survey to collect data from 13 EFL students. Observations captured real-time code-switching instances, while the survey gathered students' perceptions and self-reported motivations for code-switching. The findings reveal that the most frequent reason for code-switching is a lack of vocabulary, both observed in the classrooms and reported by thestudents themselves. The second most frequent observed reason for code-switching is the needfor clarifications or explanations in Swedish. In students' self-reports, difficulty remembering English words was the second most common reason. Lastly, engaging in miscellaneous talkemerged as the third most common reason observed in classroom interactions, while studentsreported that code-switching occurs naturally or comes as a reflex as their third most commonreason in the questionnaire. The findings indicate that code-switching serves as a strategic toolto manage linguistic gaps, maintain conversational flow and express emotions, among otherthings.

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  • Saliba, Lilly
    Södertörn University.
    AI Tools in the Classroom: Reforming Teaching or Risking Tradition?: Unveiling English Teachers’ Perspectives on AI Tools in Language Teaching2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the growing integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in educational settings, specifically focusing on detecting AI-generated content in students’ English essays. As AI technologies like ChatGPT and Gemini become more prevalent, understanding their impact on education is crucial. This research aims to identify the linguistic features that lead English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers to suspect AI involvement in student work. By conducting semi-structured interviews with eight EFL teachers from lower upper secondary and high schools, the study examines their experiences and perspectives. Using the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK) framework, the study analyzes the crossing of technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge, highlighting the opportunities and challenges AI presents in contemporary education. The findings show the dual role of AI as both a beneficial tool for improving learning and a challenge to maintaining academic integrity. Despite the limitations, such as the evolving nature of AI, the research highlights the need for teachers to balance the benefits of AI with preserving authentic student work. Future research directions include exploring more effective AI detection methods and understanding the long-term impact of AI on students’ critical thinking skills.

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  • Aksionova, Anastasia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Informatics.
    Rojas Hara, Norika
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Informatics.
    Agil verksamhet och agil arbetsmetod: En uppsats om hur dessa strategier går hand i hand med anställdas upplevelser på arbetsplatsen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the primary purposes of an organization is to adapt to its environment in order to deliver the demanded product or service. Consequently, organizations find the need to adapt their internal processes to increase competitiveness and find solutions to problems arising from market changes. The concept of agility emerged in the early 2000s in conjunction with the technological boom and aims to organize and structure work methods within organizations. To delve deeper into this phenomenon, this essay explores how agile organizations adopt agile work methods and how these methods function in practice. The research is based on data collection through in-depth interviews and scientific articles, within a theoretical framework. The study also includes a clear connection to information systems within the organization, which are crucial prerequisites for businesses in today's society and organization. The study contributes with a result where employees experience different changes in the performance of the work through the introduction of agile working methods.

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  • Bodén Nordström, Mimmi
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Ungdomens fantastiska gotik: En undersökning av närvaron av gotiska drag, definierade av Fred Botting i Gothic (2013), i fantasyserien Septimus Heap (2005-2013) av Angie Sage2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will examine gothic traits in young adult and children's fantasy, specifically the fantasy series Septimus Heap (2005-2013) by Angie Sage. In order to get a better overview of the material i will be looking at the series as a whole and from there examining the parts i find relevant.  The basis of my analysis will be the gothic traits identified by Fred Botting in Gothic (2013) and a close reading of Septimus Heap (2005-2013). My analysis will be divided in to categories based on these gothic traits, and sub-categories based on what parts of the source material I am discussing. I conclude that several gothic traits, as defined by Botting, are present and recurring in Septimus Heap (2005-2013) but that aspects of these may sometimes differ from Bottings description of the classic gothic traits.

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  • Ölvestad, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Local Communities ́Capability to Freedom of Choice: A Case Study of Burunge Wildlife Management Area, Tanzania2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wildlife Management Areas (WMA) are established all around Tanzania, giving the incentive to local communities to preserve nature, and simultaneously promoting socio-economic development for the local communities. Having a capability approach, this paper is leveraging theories of justice in order to establish a perception of local communities freedom to improve their well-being in ways they see fit their wills. Through semi-structured interview, and literature review, I found the local communities' inclusion within the WMA is regarded as important as important infrastructure could thus be established, however, from perspectives of justice, local communities ́capability to freedom of choice are diminishing. This is demonstrated in the occurrence of wildlife damage on villages crops and livestock, and most notably the villages themself. The paper argues that there is a lack of recognition of the local communities from external stakeholders, hence affecting their capability to participate in decision-making. The development of the local communities are very much dependent on the interest of investors, and hence the need for government regulations of participatory processes are demonstrated. 

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  • Josephson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Lundgren, Frans
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Teori och professionell kvalitetskultur2024In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 144, no 2, p. 278-282Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • Josephson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Klassresa med vin: En berättelse om smak2024In: Arche - tidskrift för psykoanalys, humaniora och arkitektur, ISSN 2000-7817, no 88-89, p. 177-182Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Peter Josephson skriver om vinet och dess historia. Dess verkliga intåg i svensk dryckeskultur skedde inte förrän en bit in på 1700-talet. Vinet väckte initialt kritik och motstånd. Josephson skildrar hur den ädla druvan har gjort en resa från överklassdryck till folkdryck. Icke desto mindre, konstaterar han, är det även idag en fördel att vara välbeställd om man vill få tillgång till de bästa vinerna.

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  • Olutayo, Blessing Adeoluwa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Svanström Holmqvist, Noelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Mångfald eller meriter?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om journalisters erfarenheter och synpunkter på mångfald och mångfaldsarbete2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om mångfald är debatterad inom journalistkåren och det finns delade meningar om dess betydelse och påverkan på det journalistiska arbetet. Uppsatsens frågeställningar handlar om journalisters syn på hur mångfald på en redaktion kan påverka nyhetsbevakningen, journalisternas erfarenheter av mångfaldsarbete på redaktioner och hur de upplever att mångfaldsarbetet fungerar.                                      

    Vi utgår från fyra teoretiska ramverk genomgående i studien, allt från hur vi skapade frågeställningarna till hur vi analyserar resultatet. Dessa ramverk är teorier knutna till mångfald och mångfaldsarbete, gestaltningsteorin, dagordningsteorin och intersektionalitetsteorin. Teorierna i samspel ger oss en övergripande bild över fenomenet då det ger oss en grund för att förstå vad mångfaldsarbete går ut på, faktorer som kan påverka hur och vad som syns i nyhetsbevakningen samt att hjälpa oss förstå hur maktordningar skapas.                                                                                                

    Det som undersökningen fokuserar på är att belysa journalisternas erfarenheter och åsikter, något som påverkar hur de individuellt ser på vikten av mångfald på nyhetsredaktionerna. Detta såväl i korrelation med arbetsmiljön men även hur samhället speglas i nyhetsbevakningen. För att få svar på det utförde vi kvalitativa intervjuer med 7 journalister, alla med olika åldrar, journalistiska erfarenheter, kön och etniska bakgrunder. Med hjälp av vårt urval fick vi ett nyanserat resultat som innefattar olika perspektiv.  

    Resultatet visade att journalisterna har en enad syn på frågan om mångfalden på redaktioner, däremot så var meningarna delade när det kom till orsaker till att medielandskapet ser ut som det gör idag. Meningarna var även delade när det kom till lösningar på fenomenet eftersom många ansåg att så som det ser ut idag är ett problem. Journalisterna uttryckte att de upplevde att det behövdes mer mångfald på de olika redaktionerna och att en ökad mångfald hade varit berikande då det öppnar möjligheten att kunna rapportera utifrån fler perspektiv i samhället.   

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  • Härviden, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Ungdomskulturens snusrusch: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hur fyra svenska nyhetsmedier rapporterar om det vita snuset2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien ämnar att undersöka hur fyra nyhetsmedier: Aftonbladet, Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter, framställer det vita snuset och kopplar resultaten med hur det kan påverka trender bland ungdomar. När det vita snuset lanserades 2016 ingick inte det i lagen om tobaksprodukter vilket innebar att snuset kunde marknadsföras och säljas till personer under 18 år väldigt enkelt. Resultatet blev en explosionsökning av snusande ungdomar. I augusti 2022 kom ”lagen om tobaksfria nikotinprodukter” till vilket innebar en förändring i samhället i form av marknadsföring och försäljning. Hur skriver nyhetsmedier om det vita snuset idag? Sammanfattningsvis belyser studien efter en kvantitativ och kvalitativ innehållsanalys att nyhetsartiklar idag framställer och gestaltar nikotinsnuset som mestadels hälsofarligt och är ett pågående problem för dagens ungdomar.

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  • Safar, Cham
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, The Study of Religions.
    Religiositet hos unga vuxna: En studie om hur religiositet uttrycks av unga Syrisk-ortodoxa kristna2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the manifestation of religiosity among young Syriac Orthodox Christians in Sweden. Focusing on the age group of 20–29, the thesis delves into how religiosity is expressed within this community, both in public and private domains, such as church, family, workplace, and social media. The research highlights the interplay between religious identity and secular society, examining the impact of cultural and generational differences on religious practices and beliefs. Methodologically, the study employs qualitative analysis, drawing on interviews to understand the personal and collective aspects of religiosity in a multicultural and secular context. The findings reveal diverse expressions of faith, shaped by the dynamics of community engagement, cultural adaptation, and individual spirituality, offering a nuanced view of young adults navigating their religious identity in modern Sweden.

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  • Eriksson, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Ontologi efter dekonstruktionen av arké: En fråga om övergången och relationen mellan princip och anarki hos Reiner Schürmann och Giorgio Agamben2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work considers what ontology might be after the deconstruction of arché in Reiner Schürmann's and Giorgio Agamben's thinking. It addresses the question by reading Schürmanns historical deduction of the categories of presencing in his book Heidegger On being Acting: From Principles to Anarchy. This deduction is at the heart of his thought in that it tries to manifest what it means to live the transition from arché to an-arché, from a life under principles and why's, to a life without why, and the principle of anarchy. This transitional thought rests on what he calls the hypothesis of closure of the metaphysical field. The deduction is therefore a question of a relation between the first beginnings end as an other beginning. He shows this by establishing categories that are both conceptual- and sensible form. This reaches its full articulation in what he calls the categories of transition; categories in which the distinction between category and intuition seems to collapse – that are its own gaze or eye, that sees both the past and the future at the same time. This is a question regarding relationality: the transition from a causal relationality to an anarchic relationality, from a substance ontology to relational ontology. What is the relational status of the transition itself and its categories? This question lead to the main one: is the transition between arché and an-arché a relation between the two? The overall purpose is to explore this question in order to open, in the end, a path between him and Agamben. The later has pointed out that the key problem to live truly anarchic is a critique of the ontological relation because language presuppositional structure manifests in it, which takes its “full” form in his work The Use of Bodies. Here, perhaps – which we only can point to – Schürmann's thought can meet Agamben's in the caesura between arché and an-arché. Can anarchy ever be in a position of principle? In the end we will have to point to the notion of oikonomia as an area of further research to understand the question of anarchy between Agamben and Schürmann.

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    Ontologi efter dekonstruktionen av arké Eriksson Magnus
  • Alva, Folkesson
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Nyhetsrapporteringen om Tjärna Ängar: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av artiklar från lokala och regionala nyhetsmedier2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur rapporteringen om riskområdet Tjärna Ängar sett ut i lokala och regionala nyhetsmedier under 5 års tid. Studien har fokuserat på vilka ämnen som förekommit i rapporteringen, vart artiklarna om dessa ämnen placerats i tidningarna samt vilka gestaltningsmönster som varit vanligt förekommande i artiklarna. Studien har även undersökt vilka som får komma till tals i artiklarna och om nyheterna främst ger en positiv eller negativ bild av Tjärna Ängar. Genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys har totalt 200 artiklar om Tjärna Ängar studerats. Artiklarna har analyserats utifrån en kombination av dagordningsteorins första nivå och gestaltningsteorin.

    Resultatet av de studerade artiklarna visade att majoriteten av rapporteringen om Tjärna Ängar handlade om brott/kriminalitet och domar, negativa händelser och innehöll gestaltningsmönstret den farliga staden. Resultatet visade även att det främst var poliser och räddningstjänstpersonal, lokala företagare samt boende som fick komma till tals i de studerade artiklarna.

    Utifrån den rapportering som studerats i denna studie gick det att dra slutsatsen att det inte fanns några större skillnader mellan den lokala dagstidningen och den regionala dagstidningen i rapporteringen om Tjärna Ängar. Utifrån artiklarna som studerats gick det även att dra slutsatsen att ämnena brott/kriminalitet och domar, politik, samhällsfrågor/sociala förhållanden och byggnationer/infrastruktur både förekom relativt mycket i rapporteringen och oftast placerades längre fram i tidningarna vilket möjligtvis kan sända ut signaler till publiken om att dessa ämnen är viktigare än andra ämnen.

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  • Riihimäki, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Stiernstedt, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Restriktioner av tredjepartscookies: En kvalitativ studie om dess påverkan på företagens marknadsföringsstrategier och kundrelationer i en ny era2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study examines the impact of third-party cookie restrictions on companies' marketing strategies and ability to reach their customer segments. Through semi-structured interviews with respondents in various marketing positions in different industries, the study provides insight into the respondents' own perceptions of how these restrictions affect their business operations. 

    Today, there is a strong emphasis on the use of data to more effectively reach out to customer segments, where these insights are crucial for developing marketing strategies and achieving competitive advantage. The study suggests that the elimination of third-party cookies has an impact on companies' marketing strategies and their ability to reach their customer segments. This is due to a reduction in data insight, making it increasingly difficult for companies to understand their customer segments and thus target and shape their marketing campaigns. The study also draws attention to opportunities arising from the restrictions such as increased privacy and continuous development of new strategies. In conclusion, this qualitative study highlights that the restrictions on third-party cookies will require new ways of working for marketers, which requires adaptability and creativity. 

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  • Thorell, Andreas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Socrates in Continuum: Self-Knowledge in Plato's Phaedrus2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the outset of the Phaedrus, Plato tells us that Socrates’ knows himself (228a). This statement is then followed up by Socrates’ claim that he is not able to obey the Delphic imperative and know himself (229e-230b). This apparent contradiction has given rise to an interesting debate concerning what kind of knowledge we are dealing with here. While the debate is complex a few main positions can be identified. One group of scholars, hereafter referred to as the practitioners, argue that the self-knowledge Socrates here talks about is a life-guiding term. The practitioners argue that when striving toward what is true about oneself and acknowledging one’s limits, one turns away from chaos towards a well structured life. Another group of scholars, referred to as the mystics, argue that self-knowledge is something Socrates’ possesses when contemplating over his own epistemic limits as well as his soul and its connection to the Forms. Finally, the unitarian view explains the content of self-knowledge, namely that it includes dispositional and cognitive knowledge of oneself. Even if these views are helpful to explain the different parts of self-knowledge, they fail to explain Socrates’ apparently contradictory answers regarding self-knowledge. What is lacking, and what this thesis will try to provide, is an account of how Socrates both can say that he knows and does not know himself. The thesis will help explain how Socrates can be said to have self-knowledge. However, Socrates does not yet have absolute self-knowledge and acknowledges, with his denial of self-knowledge, that a deepened self-knowledge can be gained gradually. On the view that this thesis will test and defend, Socratic self-knowledge is a continuum, that is to say, a coherent yet dynamic knowledge. This can help to explain how Socrates can claim to both know and not yet know himself. 

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  • Bårman, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Confusio hos Augustinus2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis takes as its point of departure the implicit Augustinian view of thinking. Besides his own definition of thinking as a ”collecting” in the Confessions (and his view of thinking in On the Trinity), Augustine also suggests thinking as volving [volvere]. This kind of thinking is structured by words revolving [revolvere] in the mind. This, is suggested, by necessity leads to an involvement [involvere] in the world. The fact of being involved in the world also means striving to evolve [evolvere] that in which you are involved: the structure is volvere–revolvere–involvere–evolvere.

    This, in turn, is due to ”being” being diffused [diffusio], which then is infused [infusio] into human beings. As a result, the human being tries by thinking to fuse [fusio] reality from dispersion into unity. From this, confusion [confusio] emerges. Here, the structure is diffusio–infusio–fusio–confusio. The aim of this thesis is to envelope and place what for Augustine is predominantly a negative notion of confusio in the right manner as a generative and dynamic notion, structured in a threefold manner: cosmologically as origin, biologically as shame, cognitively as confusion. These being three aspects defining the ego.

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    Confusio hos Augustinus
  • Blomqvist, Andreas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Brutna mönster för medias bevakning av klimatförändringar: En kvantitativ undersökning av rapporteringen om klimatförändringar i Aftonbladet och Dagens Nyheter från januari 2010 till december 20192024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker hur medias uppmärksamhet för klimatförändringar har förändrats i kvantitet under 2010-talet. Det här görs genom att månadsvis räkna antalet artiklar relaterade till klimatförändringar som publicerades i Aftonbladetoch Dagens Nyheter, tryckt press, från januari 2010 till december 2019. Och genom att identifiera vilka klimatrelaterade ämnen som artiklarna handlar om under perioder då bevakningen av klimatförändringar ökade.  

    Studiens övergripande huvudfråga är ” Hur har medias bevakning av klimatförändringar förändrats under 2010-talet?”, den besvaras med hjälp av fyra mer specifika underfrågor som berör den årliga kvantitativa förändringen under decenniet, hur medias uppmärksamhet för klimatförändringar under inledningen av 2010-talet skiljer sig jämfört med slutet, huruvida bevakningen är mer eller mindre stabil under slutet av decenniet jämfört med inledningen, och vilka ämnen som drog medias uppmärksamhet till klimatförändringar under årtiondet samt hur detta skiljer sig under slutet av decenniet jämfört med inledningen. Resultatet analyseras med hjälp av tidigare relevant forskning och en samlande teori av Jesper Strömbäck om vilka händelser och fenomen som blir nyheter utifrån sex punkter och tre styrfält.  

    Studiens resultat visar att uppmärksamheten för klimatförändringar i Aftonbladet och Dagens Nyheter, tryckt press, ökade markant under 2010-talet. Under decenniets första fem år skedde inga större förändringar men efter att Parisavtalets undertecknades år 2015 ökade uppmärksamheten och sommar 2018, i samband med en ovanligt varm och långvarig värmebölja samt Greta Thunbergs mediala inträdde, ökade uppmärksamheten ännu mer. Resultatet visar också att medias uppmärksamhet för klimatförändringar går i cykler med tydliga upp- och nedgångar, men att bevakningen sett från månad till månad var mer stabil under 2010-talets slutskede jämfört med inledningen. Avslutningsvis visar resultatet att ämnet klimataktivism gick från att i princip vara obefintligt i den mediala bevakningen under inledningen av årtiondet till att dominera rapporteringen i slutet av det. 

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    Brutna mönster för medias bevakning av klimatförändringar
  • Larsson, Linus
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Sanningens väg i det sjätte massutdöendets tidsålder: Heidegger och Parmenides i naturrättens tjänst2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Rights of Nature movement is a quickly growing global phenomenon. However, it is not always obvious what the movement really means. What is its underlying experience? How can its transformative depth be formulated? What is the meaning of this depth? Starting from the ‘Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth’ this essay seeks to elucidate the ontological meaning of these questions through attending to the possible relation of the Rights of Nature movement to Heidegger’s turning toward Parmenides, in the sense of ‘primordial thinker’, or ‘essential thinker’, that is, a thinker who in an essential way thinks the origin as such. This ‘origin’ will be dealt with in relation to the oikos of ecology. In other words ‘essential thinking’ will be brought forward as a thinking that essentially makes possible the mindful awareness of this oikos, this ‘home’, ‘house’, ‘abode’, or ‘place of dwelling’. A chief point of the essay is that an essential experience of this oikos is necessary if the ontological implications of the Rights of Nature movement is to be disclosed.

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