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  • Hatem, Robert-Niklas
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Historielärares arbete med folkmord i gymnasieundervisning: En kvalitativ studie för att förstå vad som styr innehållet i undervisningen och hur lärare arbetar med att aktivera historiemedvetandet2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to shed light on which genocides are covered in history education in Södertälje and what governs these selections of genocides that are covered, as well as to investigate how teachers work to activate and develop the historical consciousness of studentsin genocide education. The essay's empiricism is based on four in-depth interviews, so-calledqualitative semi-structured interviews, which were conducted with four active high schoolteachers from two different high schools in Södertälje. The results in this study were analyzedby using Per Eliasson's three theoretical criteria, Lars Andersson Hult’s theoreticalperspective and Steven Dahl's theoretical reflection, for how to activate and develop anawareness of history in the student. The results showed that the teachers who participated inthe survey focused mainly on Seyfo and the Holocaust, while other genocides were coveredto a lesser extent in the teaching. The study's results also suggest that there are three mainfactors that govern the selection of genocides that are covered in teaching. These factors are:education and knowledge, society and the student base, and possible difficulties with materialissues. The results show that there are several successful ways of working and useful methodsfor activating and developing the students' consciousness of history. One of these workingmethods is to take into account the design of the teaching content based on the students'ethnic identity, background and experience. Another successful way that emerges from theresults is to activate and develop historical consciousness by using popular culture filmswhen teaching about genocide to raise questions that lead to a need for orientation in theindividual. In summary, this study has highlighted questions about which topics are coveredin genocide education in Södertälje, which factors govern the selection of content and how toactivate and develop students' historical consciousness.

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  • Tran, Carmen
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Yalda, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det gränslösa arbetet: roller och föräldrarskap: En kvantitativ könsanalys på arbetstillfredställelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis aims to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and work flexibility, in addition to how job satisfaction differs between the genders when they have children under the age of 18 in Sweden. By utilizing an existing dataset, collected by the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), we conducted multiple regression analyses. Drawing on prior research and theories regarding demand and control, roles, and the double burden, we formulated four hypotheses. Furthermore, we analyzed our results using the theoretical framework to gain an understanding of their implications. The results implicate no significant correlation between job satisfaction and gender, when controlled for other variables. However, a negative correlation was found between gender and job satisfaction, without control variables. A positive correlation was also found between job satisfaction and work flexibility. Therefore, the evidence suggests that higher levels of work flexibility co-varies with increased job satisfaction. Furthermore, women with children under the age of 7 reported lower job satisfaction compared to men. In contrast, men with children between ages 7 and 17 reported lower job satisfaction than women as the number of children increased.  

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-22 10:00 MB505, Huddinge
    Janzén, Thérese
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Ticks - ecology, new hazards, and relevance for public health2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ticks and tick-borne diseases are ranking second only to mosquitoes as vectors of pathogens responsible for diseases in both humans and domestic animals. In the countries around the Baltic Sea, two medically important tick species are increasing both in range and abundance, and the public health threat posed by tick-borne diseases in this area is steadily growing. The aim of this thesis was to study the eco-epidemiological dynamics and mechanisms of ticks and bacterial tick-borne pathogens along the natural-urban gradient.

    Green spaces have become important intersections between humans, domestic animals, ticks, and tick-borne pathogens. Along the natural-urban gradient in Stockholm County, Sweden, we examined the impact of green space characteristics on tickabundance and pathogens prevalence. In this study all questing ticks were molecularly identified as Ixodes ricinus. Questing ticks were abundant in natural and seminatural habitats, but also present in urbanized parks. Important drivers of tickabundance included significant negative effects of local vegetation height and positiveeffects of mixed coniferous forests in the surrounding landscape.

    The prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato was 24% and that of Anaplasma phagocytophilum 7.5%. B. miyamotoi was found at a few sites with a prevalence of 0.9%. The dominant B. burgdorferi (s.l.) genospecies was B. afzelii. Tree stem density had a significant positive effect on B. burgdorferi (s.l.) prevalence. Broadleaved forests and total forest edge had significant positive effects on A. phagocytophilum prevalence, persisting even in highly urbanized areas. The tick-borne disease equine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) significant increased from 2002 to 2015, with a yearly peak in late summer and early fall.

    The public health risk for tick-borne diseases in an urban green space was estimated from hazard data on tick abundances and pathogen prevalence combined with exposure data using residential population densities and green space visitor numbers. The results indicated a medium to high risk of tick-borne diseases at most sites. Structured interviews with visitors showed that even if visitors showed a high tick awareness and attempted to avoid ticks, most protective measures were only practiced during specific recreational activities.

    The findings from this doctoral project show a notable risk of encountering ticks and tick-borne pathogens along the entire natural-urban gradient, even in highly urbanized areas traditionally perceived as having a low risk. The information on the eco-epidemiological drivers of EGA is important also for the medical health field since the agent causing EGA is identical to the agent causing human disease. Despite ticks and their pathogens green spaces still continue to play a vital role in public health, but the omnipresent risk of tick-borne diseases highlights the need for public health initiatives to mitigate this risk. 

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    Ticks: ecology, new hazards and relevance for public health
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  • Fayazi, Hadi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Khan, Anas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Modebranschens strategier under & efter pandemin: En empirisk kvalitativ studie av företagens reaktioner mot Covid-19 pandemin2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfråga: 

    - Hur har modebranschen i Sverige anpassat sina strategier under och efter pandemin? Vilka åtgärder har vidtagits för att hantera de utmaningar och påfrestningar som uppstått? 

    Syftet: Syftet med studien är att analysera modebranschens strategier i Sverige under och efter pandemin. Dessutom vilka åtgärder som har vidtagits för att hantera utmaningar och påfrestningar. 

    Teorier: Studien bygger på dessa teorier: SOSTAC, RACE, köpprocess, ZMOT, varumärkesbyggande, varumärkeskapital, förespråkare samt CRM. 

    Metod: Författarna använde sig av en kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Sex intervjuer har genomförts med sex olika företag inom klädebranschen och dessa företag är: Dojostock, JD sport, H&M, Lyckliga jag, Collection of Brands & Jack & Jomes. 

    Empiri: Studien presenterade resultaten från de genomförda intervjuerna, där respondenterna undersöktes för att tyda sina olika strategier och åtgärder som implementerades på grund av pandemin. 

    Slutsats: Covid-19 har haft stor inverkan på modebranschen med övergången från fysiska butiker till online närvaro. Dessutom anpassade företag genom kreativa kampanjer och mer fokus på kundlojalitet. En annan aspekt är att e-handel och digital marknadsföring ökade och utformade modebranschens framtid efter pandemin. 

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  • Lundqvist, Michael
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Personlighetens betydelse i koppling till det kollegiala lärandet om konflikthantering i förskolan2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this paper explores how preschool staff handles and deals with conflicts within preschool. My aim is to highlight their methods of conflict management, how it relates to their role within the preschool, and how their personal experiences and personality can be seen as an asset for their work with their colleagues and with the children. This qualitative study is based on a social constructivist and phenomenography perspective. Where I conducted several in person interviews with different staff at a preschool, to get and overview of their individual roles and contributions to the preschool. Through my interviews I got an overview perspective on how their personal experience and personality effects their line of work and how it can help them not only to care for the children but handle situations such as conflict management.

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    Personlighetens betydelse i koppling till det kollegiala lärandet om konflikthantering i förskolan
  • Lippelt, Hilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Pernling, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Folkbibliotekariens erfarenhet av den läsfrämjande metoden läsande förebilder2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To highlight the public librarian's own experience of working with reading role models as a type of reading promotion method is relevant when you to get a deeper understanding of the type of impact that the method has on children's and young adults reading. Insight into this can form a basis for evaluating the working method from a professional perspective and increase awareness of the method's relevance. It is a qualitative interview study whose results are collected from four interviews with public librarians active in collaborations with reading role models. To interpret the results the study uses two different theories; Bourdieu's theory of cultural reproduction and Bandura's social learning theory. Among other things, it emerge that reading role models is a method with strong trust and there was a perception that adults in children's everyday life are important reading role models. A reading role model is above all someone with whom the child wants to identify. Girls were considered to have better conditions to see themselves as readers, whereas one opinion was that the target group boys should be prioritized in the work to promote reading. However, emphasis was placed on the fact that girls must not be forgotten.  

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  • Andersson, Margaretha
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Library and Information Science.
    Frisk, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Library and Information Science.
    Biblioteksrummet behöver vara en trygg plats: En studie om folkbibliotekariers läsfrämjande arbete för ungdomar i biblioteksrummet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies show that some young people have a negative and outdated attitude towards what the public library is and offers. In addition, it appears that public librarians think that young people are a difficult target group to work with. However, public libraries have a guiding role when it comes to the development of children´s and young people´s reading ability and knowledge acquisition, where are studies that show that the design of the library room affects young people´s reading. Therefore, the purpose of this studiy is to investigate how public librarians work with the target group of young people through their work with the library room and how this work is intended to affect young people´s reading. In this study, semi-structured interviews have been used as a method together with a mini-observation to collect empirical material from seven public libraries. The results of this study have been analyzed through a spatial theoretical framework with Henri Lefebvre´s spatial theory of unity. The resutls of the study show that it is important to work with the library space in order to influence young people´s reading. To be able to work to promote reading with the target group of young people, you need to design the library room as a safe place with low thresholds and create relationships with the young people.

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  • Teymur, Melki
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Läsa Leffler bör man!: En undersökning av didaktisk potential i Anne Charlotte Lefflers Sanna kvinnor (1883)2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska skolväsendet vilar på demokratisk grund och förhåller sig därför till ett värdebaserat arbete. Det innebär att elever, genom sin utbildning, ska lära sig om värderingar såsom: människolivets okränkbarhet, individens frihet och integritet, alla människors lika värde, jämställdhet mellan kvinnor och män samt solidaritet mellan människor. Utbildningen som ges ut i det svenska skolväsendet ska således främja jämställdhet och därför ska undervisningen främja elevers förståelse om könsmönster och hur dessa kan påverka människors livsval och livsvillkor.

    Ett vanligt verktyg som lärare använder sig av för att omsätta skolans värdegrundsarbete i praktiken är genom skönlitteratur. Detta beror främst på att skönlitteratur är känt för att ha en inverkan på läsarnas personlighetsutveckling. För att aktualisera skolans värdegrundsarbete, med särskilt fokus på jämställdhet, är utgångspunkten för denna studie att undersöka hur Anne Charlotte Lefflers Sanna kvinnor (1883) skulle kunna implementeras i undervisning och vilken didaktisk potential som kan uppnås.

    Närläsning användes som metod för analysen för att möjliggöra denna undersökning, vilket innebär att litteraturen läses flera gånger med särskilt fokus på utvalda delar av innehållet. Denna studies teoretiska grund är Yvonne Hirdmans genussystem, en teori som centrerar kring könsordningar och tillämpas i studien för att utforska kön och normer. Malin Alkestrands term "didaktisk potential" används också för att analysera hur olika perspektiv på genus och normer kan användas för att främja värdegrundsarbete och för att identifiera vilka lärdomar som kan härledas från detta. Studiens centrala frågeställning är: Vilken didaktisk potential finns i gestaltningen och problematiseringen av genus och normer i Sanna kvinnor?

    Studien drog slutsatsen att Sanna kvinnors förkroppsligande av normer och kön präglas av ojämlikhet. Den didaktiska potentialen finns emellertid i att dessa representationer kontinuerligt problematiseras och kontrasteras mot varandra. Materialet presenterar en mångfald perspektiv som jämförs med varandra. "Sanna kvinnor" fungerar på detta sätt som ett konkret exempel på farorna som ojämlikhet medför samt ett moraliskt exempel på vikten av jämställdhet.

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  • Bengtsson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Björklund, Helena
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Elevers delaktighet i fritidshem2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår studie har vi undersökt hur delaktiga eleverna är i fritidshemmets verksamhet och att se likheter och olikheter mellan två skolor i Uppsala. Våra frågeställningar fokuserar på att få fram vilka arenor, vilka frågor, hur personalen skapar förutsättningar samt vilka hinder det finns för att öka elevernas delaktighet inom fritidshemmet. Intervjuer med rektorer, fritidshemslärare samt elever på båda skolorna har utförts för att sedan analyseras och jämförs med tidigare forskning. I tidigare forskning lyfts olika sätt för att öka elevers delaktighet på fritidshemmet genom fritidsråd, förslagslåda men även via samtal med eleverna. De teoretiska begrepp som vi har använt oss av i analysen är olika syn på ledarstilar, maktperspektiv samt teorier relationer och interkulturalitet. I elevsamtalen lade vi stor vikt i att möta eleverna i en mer naturlig del igenom att vara delaktiga i deras aktivitet på fritidshemmet. Eleverna har svårt att förstå vad de får och inte får vara med att bestämma över, de har en grundinställning att de inte får vara med att bestämma alls. I slutanalysen lyfter vi fram olika framgångsfaktorer för att öka elevernas delaktighet och inflytande. Resultatet visar att det är olika förutsättningar för fritidshemslärarna på de båda skolorna samt att likheterna är att närvaron till eleverna är en stark framgångsfaktor. 

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-22 15:00 MA648, Huddinge
    Sherfey, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Cultivating responsible citizenship: Collective gardens at the periphery of neoliberal urban norms2024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing human population is concentrating in urban environments across the globe, leading to urban expansion and densification. Consequently, political debates and social movements concerned with urban planning and land use have increased in relevance. Conflicts over urban space arise where people problematise and challenge dominant land-use rationalities, so it follows that one way of critically analysing dominant rationales of urban land use is to examine them in relation to collective action that challenges these norms.

    One example of counternormative practice are collective gardens, a subset of community gardens characterised by collective management and publicly-oriented programming. Because their use of urban land and collective social organisation appear inconsistent with the privatisation and free-market economy of neoliberal capitalism, studying collective gardens has implications for understanding these places as products of political forms of sensemaking, expressing grievances and demands that respond to the dominant political-economic context of contemporary urban life.

    Based on this understanding, this study explores discourses about the political significance of collective gardens as places where alternative norms of urban life are developed. What senses of place can be understood to be nurtured in relation to collective gardens, how does this manifest, and what is conveyed about citizenship and urban life in neoliberal capitalist contexts? These questions are investigated through a political discourse framework, supplemented by discursive theories of aesthetics, narratives, and sensemaking to learn about the meanings attributed to collective gardens as constituted within wider social contexts.

    The aesthetics of collective gardens are explored through multi-sited research at gardens across Germany and Sweden to analyse how urban space is materially reimagined. The study then turns to case studies in both nations to explore narratives – first to understand how local history sets up problems that are solved by the establishment of each garden, then to analyse how they are portrayed in discourses about urban development and social life. The study examines how the social critiques being fostered in these places convey a particular ethos of democratic citizenship, as well as how complex relationships to responsibility create situations where collectives resist neoliberal capitalist rationalities while also contributing to their objectives.

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    Cultivating responsible citizenship: Collective gardens at the periphery of neoliberal urban norms
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  • Nilsson Hebert, August
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Vem är inte tolerant? - En diskursanalys om vi och de i videomaterial för religionsundervisning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines five short Swedish videos, produced by Binogi, used in religious education to explore the view of humanity (“människosyn”) in the five so called worldreligions (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism). The study looks at what narrative about “us" and "them” exist, and how “our” and “their” ideas of gender, culture and religiosity are portrayed. Furthermore, a discourse analysis is made of the material analyzing to what degree these depictions reflect an orientalist discourse.

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  • Ekstedt, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Enlund, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Digitala dialoger: En analys av affordansers påverkan på antifeministisk kommunikation på plattformarna X, Instagram och Rumble2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the affordances provided by the social media platforms X, Instagram, and Rumble and how these affordances are utilized by three different anti-feminist creators. We applied Treem and Leonardi's theory of affordances, where an observation chart was divided into visibility, persistence, editability, and association. The results of the study indicate that users interact across multiple platforms and often use links to connect their accounts. This allows them to disseminate and reinforce anti-feminist perspectives across different channels. Affordances are utilized both by users and the audience to express misogyny, for example, in a live chat during livestreams or posts on X. This can create an 'us' versus 'them' mentality, which is exploited by anti-feminists to attract an audience. The design of social media platforms also does not promote critical thinking among the audience, facilitating anti-feminists in creating and maintaining a loyal audience that is not given the opportunity to question the messages conveyed by the anti-feminists.

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  • Lalander, Rickard
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Un enfoque político-ecológico decolonial sobre casos emblemáticos de ecoturismo comunitario desde abajo: Experiencias Kichwa, Shuar y Tsáchila2023In: Revista Dialógica Intercultural, ISSN 2960-0847, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 1-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing theoretical inspiration from political ecology, decolonial perspectives, and the conceptualization of real utopias, this ethnographic and comparative study deals with the experiences of bottom-up Indigenous community tourism projects – initiated and controlled from the community – in four Ecuadorian regions. More specifically, the cases of the Kichwa-Amazonian women of Shiripuno, the Mushily project of the Tsáchila in a tropical valley of northwestern Ecuador, the coastal case of Tsuer Entsa of the Shuar, and the Jatarishun project of the Kichwa of the northern highlands are presented. These are cases that are considered emblematic and illustrative because of their characteristics of being initiated and controlled by the community members themselves and for the benefit of the entire community unit. In the article, these projects are interpreted as expressions of both resistances for rights and recognition, as well as adaptation to the capitalist and colonial system, but more than ever on Indigenous terms. The dimensions of power relations and conditions for socio-economic, cultural, and environmental empowerment are highlighted, as well as certain dilemmas and challenges, including on the issue of Indigenous authenticity in terms of community-based tourism as the main livelihood source for Indigenous culture and identity. The central research question is: How do Indigenous actors perceive the socio-cultural, economic, and environmental impacts of tourism activities in their localities? The research results indicate that Indigenous community tourism from below can be a viable livelihood option for Indigenous communities, leading to multidimensional empowerment.

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  • Amcoff, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Chimeric Mimicry: Reflection and Animality in Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy of Nature2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I attempt to understand how Merleau-Ponty views the relation between nature and reflection, as well as the meaning behind the terms “human” and “animal” and the relations between them. I approach this by outlining the transition from Merleau-Ponty’s early philosophy (SB, PP) to his late philosophy (N, VI). Roughly understood as the shift from inquiries into the nature of experience to inquiries into the experience of nature. I show that this shift or turn can be understood in terms of a reconsideration of the nature of experience, which opens toward non-human animal reflection; to the simultaneous kinship and estrangement in animal interspecificity.

    The paper is divided into three parts: In the first part, oriented around Phenomenology of Perception, I outline the grounding of reflection in the co-natural corporeity of perception. In the second part, I present the implications of Merleau-Ponty’s turn to nature through his reading of Schelling. What becomes visible here is his reversal of method following his turn to nature. Essentially, this reversal of method tempts a reconsideration of reflection: reflection is no longer separated from nature, but a fold within nature itself; a dehiscence of the flesh opening a “mirroring reflexive” within nature itself as nature’s self-reflection, exemplified through the sensing-sensible human body. In the third part, the same reversal of method is considered in relation to animality. I contrast Merleau-Ponty’s account of life and animality in his second course on nature against his views in The Structure of Behavior. Consequently, his account of the grounding of reflection in the corporeity of perception is deepened and his ontology of sensing-sensible is further clarified. In the last sections of the third part, I discuss Merleau-Ponty’s account of the human-animal relation, I then briefly discuss his account of painting as a privileged form of ontological expression, and I finally speculate openly about the alterity of other animals and the possibility of animal philosophies.

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  • Sommarström, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Valanciene, Monika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    ”De är inte här, så var är de?”: -En kvalitativ studie om professionellas perspektiv och erfarenheter i arbetet med intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta personer som har utsatts för våld i nära relation2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with intellectual disabilities constitute an especially vulnerable and marginalised group concerning the risk of being exposed to domestic violence. This paper aims to examine the perspectives and experiences of professionals working with adults who are both victims of domestic violence and have an intellectual disability. We conducted a qualitative study in which six informants from the public and non-profit sectors, all with experience in providing support to this target group, were interviewed. The collected data were analysed using thematic analysis, supported by empowerment theory and Lipsky’s theory of street-level bureaucracy. This resulted in three main themes: The need for visibility, The promoting of competent support and Organizational working conditions. These themes reflected the need to raise awareness of and empower the target group, work more preventively, and how professionals reason about their ability to offer support. The findings also indicated the necessity for increased collaboration between sectors and highlighted how organizational differences can affect the discretion of professionals. Some key conclusions include the imperative for more individualized approaches to meet the specific needs of those with intellectual disabilities, and that society as a whole needs to take greater responsibility in reaching out to the target group. This involves raising awareness and counteracting their increased vulnerability to domestic violence.  

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  • Persson, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Sjöberg, Molly
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Vetenskap och spiritualitet: En integrativ litteraturstudie om psykedelisk vetenskap och dess bidragande diskurs om medikalisering2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in psychedelic science is increasing in society. From ritual traditions to today's therapeutic use, psychedelic substances have played a role in healing, self-exploration, and spiritual understanding. Increased research activity as well as the introduction of university courses on psychedelic science at institutions such as Karolinska Institutet and Lund University also indicate an increased interest within the Swedish academy. This integrative literature review highlights the historical, scientific, and cultural dimensions of psychedelic science. The overview results in four themes; Historical background, Psychedelic assisted therapy, Challenges and risks and Ontological perspectives; the biomedical meets the spiritual. Within these themes appears a theoretical debate regarding the medical and social perspective in treatment within the field of psychedelic science, which in turn affects and mirrors the field of social work. Positive results in treatment of depression, anxiety and addictive disorders are presented, as well as methodological challenges and a complex cultural and spiritual significance. Finally, the relevance of psychedelic science in social work is discussed, where psychedelics can potentially offer new therapeutic approaches to complex mental health problems as well as highlight existential questions in a field in need of comprehensive perspectives.

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    Vetenskap och Spiritualitet
  • Wiberg, Oliver
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    FOTBOLLSVÅLDET I STOCKHOLM: Ur matchgående supportrars perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish football supporter culture is seemingly embossed with violence, crime and hate. The purpose of this study is to examine how football violence is comprehended and experienced by matchgoing supporters. The study consists of material gathered from participating observations at four football games and a documentary called “Jag är Huligan” (I’m a Hooligan), and interviews with matchgoing supporters with first hand experience of violence and includes police, security guard and active supporters. The study finds that Media is perceived as problematic with biased reports and insufficient details. Group identity is found to be mostly positive, assists in creating acceptance for rule-violations. The violence is perceived as non problematic for civilians and easily avoided. Inclusion into the violent spheres is targeted at young men and provides affirmation, police action seem to have a direct impact on recruitment. Finally it is concluded that improved dialogue and cooperation is key to improving and or changing supporter culture.

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  • Kimander, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ivarsson, Livia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Fritidshemslärarens sociala uppdrag: mellan möjligheter och utmaningar: En kvalitativ studie om fritidshemslärarens roll och förutsättningar för att stötta elever med särskilda behov i sina sociala relationer 2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to highlight and understand the role and prerequisites of the leisure time teachers in supporting students in need of special support in their social relationships. Pedagogical strategies and methods as well as obstacles and challenges are examined. The study also highlights the leisure time teacher's experience of collaboration with other school staff as well as the opportunity for skills development to increase the ability to support students in need of special social support. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with five qualified leisure time teachers and forms the basis of the study's results. The interviews have been analyzed with the help of two theoretical frameworks consisting of a special educational dilemma perspective and a curricular theoretical perspective. 

    The results show that leisure time teachers believe that the support for students with special needs in their social relationships is a large part of their overall assignment. Several educational strategies and methods are highlighted in this study. Obstacles and challenges that the leisure time teachers highlight are time resources, large student groups and a lack of understanding students with special needs. Furthermore, the leisure time teachers experience a lack of cooperation with the student health team regarding the education of the leisure time center and the students' social relationships. Skills development is something that leisure time teachers express a need for, but as the results show is something that is not prioritized. The conclusion of this study is that the leisure time teacher's work in supporting students in need of special support in their social relationships is of the utmost importance for creating an inclusive environment. That work is made more difficult according to the leisure time teachers due to the fact that the education in the leisure time center does not receive the same priority as school education. This means that leisure time teachers are faced with a complex task by creating a meaningful leisure time for all students, while ensuring that all students receive the support they need.

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-15 13:00 MA648, Huddinge
    Li, Xiaoying
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Energy Efficiency in buildings in the Baltic states and the Nordic countries2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving energy efficiency in buildings is widely viewed as a cost-effective way of achieving climate and energy goals. The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) aims to enhance the energy performance of new buildings and increase the renovation rate of energy-inefficient older buildings in the European Union. This study evaluates the effects of regulatory instruments on actual energy savings in countries across the Baltic Sea region, with a focus on residential buildings in Sweden and Lithuania. Specifically, Paper [I] estimates the effects of building codes on energy savings for newly constructed multi-apartment buildings in Sweden. Paper [II] evaluates the effects of retrofit programmes on realized dynamic energy savings for old Soviet-era multi-apartment buildings in Lithuania. Connecting with Paper [II], Paper [III] measures the energy performance gap—the discrepancy between actual energy savings and engineer-predicted savings for multi-apartment buildings in Lithuania. In Paper [IV], the focus turns from energy efficiency to inflation issues. Given the recent developments of high inflation and energy prices, the paper explores the relationship between energy price inflation and inflation expectations in Sweden. 

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  • Koivunen, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Library and Information Science.
    Att våga dela med sig: Användning och delning av information om depression på YouTube2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is today used in Sweden by 88% of the population. On social media platforms discussions of mental health take place, which can be seen as problematic, because of the risk of misinformation being spread. On the other hand these discussions can create connection and provide strategies to individuals struggling. In this study information about depression, on the most used social media platform in Sweden, YouTube, will be explored further. The purpose of the study is to examine what YouTube creators from Sweden express about information sharing and information use, when talking about depression. This has been done by transcribing, thematising and analysing seven YouTube videos. To analyse the videos the theoretical concept cognitive authority has been used.

    The result of this study shows that information use is expressed in the videos by referring to different sources, presenting factual claims and discussing personal experience. The video creators also explain how information use effects them personally. Information sharing is expressed in the videos by discussing motives and obstacles to sharing information. A conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that prominent patterns can be identified in the videos. These patterns include that the creators mostly discuss their own experiences in their videos, but they also refer to health care professionals regularly. Another pattern identified is that most creators express wanting to share information to create awareness, but they also share information to help others and for the benefit of their own. Further, obstacles for sharing information are discussed in multiple videos, these obstacles are other people and the creators’ emotional reactions. Lastly the study shows that the creators can construct cognitive authorities by using information in a convincing way, by sharing experiences, presenting factual claims, and by referring to different sources. The creators can also construct cognitive authority by sharing information that seems honest and competent, by sharing personal information and explaining how they successfully overcame depression. The cognitive authority can also be constructed by developing personal trust with the viewers, by being personal and showing emotions.

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  • Lagerstedt, Nina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Library and Information Science.
    Den intellektuella ambulansen: en studie av bildningsarbetet på landsbygdsbokbussar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish library act states that the public libraries should promote the interest for bildung. The act regulates all public libraries and does not consider how different libraries vary in resources or economic factors. Both bookmobiles and rural libraries could have limited recourses and funds in relation to larger libraries and libraries in larger cities and the library act does not describe how the libraries should promote the interest for bildung. This study therefore aims to investigate how staff working on rural bookmobiles consider the concept of bildung, the rural bookmobiles importance and how the staff implements bildung in their daily work. The study consists of seven interviews with library staff from four different rural municipalities. To gain a deeper understanding of how the rural bookmobile staff consider and work with the concept of bildung a practice theory perspective is used. Stein Rokkans’ and Derek Urwins’ theory of center and periphery is used as a theoretical frame intending to illustrate possible differences and challenges that may occur on rural bookmobiles. The result of the study shows that the rural bookmobile staff work with bildung by offering a wide assortment of literature but also by library activities and by being a social gathering point. The function of the rural bookmobiles is described by the staff as important, especially as a gathering point but also as a bridge to reduce the isolation that can occur between the rural periphery and the central centers.

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  • Edström, Moa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ek, Alva
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    De unga konsumenterna: En fokusgruppstudie om internetbaserad reklam2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As it becomes increasingly common for children to be exposed to advertising on the internet at an early age, it becomes Crucial for companies to market themselves ethically. Children are daily exposed to an overwhelming amount of internet advertising, shaping their consumption habits and behavior. Marketers view children as easy targets due to their lack of  knowledge and skills in discerning advertisement, unlike adults. The essay aims to create an understanding of how children relate to the advertising they encounter on social media. The empirical data were collected through two focus group interviews involving a total of twelve respondents. The data was then analyzed using relevant literature and theory to gain insights into the impact of advertising on children’s attitudes and values.

    The results show that children are daily exposed to various types of advertising on social media. However, not all of the advertising can be considered ethically correct from a societal perspective, as it can be presented as inappropriate or misleading. Throughout the study, it became evident that the role of guardians is crucial in informing children about advertising and its potential consequences. The interviews highlighted the fact that the children whose parents had provided them with deeper information about advertising had a better understanding of marketers’ intentions and how advertising cannot always be associated with something positive.

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  • Bazaz, Ava
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Dahling Barger, Beata
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    “Att vara narkoman är något jag kommer få jobba med resten av mitt liv”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av den egna erfarenhetens inverkan på att bli och vara missbruksbehandlare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Substance abuse results in several different societal problems and leaves the individual in question socially vulnerable. Responsibility for substance abuse treatment partially lies in the hand of social work. Twelve-step treatment is one recommended form of treatment for substance abuse by The National Board of Health and Welfare. The present study explores how recovered twelve-step counselors are affected by their previous experiences of substance abuse in the development of professional expertise, identity and in their treatment work. Four qualitative in-depth interviews were analysed using a phenomenological analysis method. The results of the present study show how recovered counselors work to achieve and maintain professional expertise and a professional identity. Knowledge through education, practice and personal experience is fundamental, and to continuously process ones previous experiences and engage in self-reflection is crucial for recovered counselors to be able to work within their professional role. Results further show that the previous experiences has a positive impact on treatment and the client-counselor relationship by increasing engagement, receptivity and motivation through role-modeling. However, the previous experiences also infers risks that can have a negative effect on treatment and the counselors emotional state through overidentification. Another risk is the conflict between the counselors professional and private role, due to prior knowledge of clients or through engagement in twelve-step meetings. The present study’s participants share an open attitude towards the use of different treatment methods, while sharing a non-flexible attitude towards medical treatment. Something that has permeated the present study’s results was the importance of continuously working with yourself through supervision, self-care and continued engagement in the twelve-step movement. Results are discussed in relation to previous research, the theory of psycosocial work and the theoretical terms double relationship, role-modeling, professional expertise and knowledge, situated learning and identity.

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    Bazaz och Dahling Barger Examensarbete HT23
  • Chabo, Orgina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Franzén, Regina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    LVU-kampanjen i svensk och arabisk nyhetsmedia: En kritisk diskursanalys av kampanjen avseende svenska socialtjänstens omhändertagande av muslimska barn i svensk och arabisk nyhetsmedia.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine through critical discourse analysis the assertion regarding that the Swedish social service taking custody of Muslim children. 26 news articles have been selected where 10 are from Expressen and Aftonbladet and 16 news articles are from Al Jazeera, BBC Arabic, TRT Arabi, Al-Sharq, International Union Of Muslim Scholars, Al-Quds Al-Arabi and Arabi21. The news articles have been analyzed through Faircloughs critical discourse analysis. Through the analysis 4 discourses have been identified, two from the Swedish news media and two from the Arabic news media. These four discourses are: “Disinformation, false claims and lies”, “security threat and increased security risk”, “criticism of Swedish authorities and the system” and “religious, cultural and justice aspects”. Often the writers use an objective modality which means that they present their own opinions as the truth. In the Swedish news articles, the intertextuality is shown as the quotes are based on the reader having background information about the campaign as, for example, the names from the campaign differ in different articles. The intertextuality regarding the Arabic news articles shows information about the ongoing debate and uses headlines that the readers are expected to understand in relation to the debate. The discourses in the Swedish news articles differ significantly from the Arabic discourses. Recurring in the Swedish news articles, space to speak was given for public figures and authorities to comment on the campaign. Space to speak was also given to people who have been or are active in the campaign and believe that the social service is kidnapping Muslim children. While in the Arab news articles, it was families who have had their children taken into custody by social services who were given the most space to speak and tell their experiences. What we saw as a common denominator for both was that no social worker were asked to speak up.

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  • Goltsis, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Brattström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Inställning till rörelse under arbetsdagen baserat på upplevd arbetsrelaterad stress och fysisk aktivitet på fritiden2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens samhälle blir alltmer digitaliserat och leder till fler stillasittande arbetsplatser. Forskning har belyst riskerna kopplade till långvarigt stillasittande, fysisk inaktivitet och stressrelaterad ohälsa. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur upplevd arbetsrelaterad stress och fysisk aktivitet på fritiden korrelerar med stillasittande arbetstagares attityder till rörelse under arbetsdagen. Undersökningen tog även hänsyn till eventuell påverkan av bakgrundsvariablerna kön, ålder, befattning och anställningstid. I urvalet ingick 122 medarbetare, varav 82 kvinnor och 40 män. Dessa var från olika avdelningar och städer inom en nationellt omfattande svensk myndighet, där samtliga ansågs arbeta inom stillasittande yrken. Medelåldern var cirka 45 år. Deltagarna fick svara på en enkät som avsåg undersöka inställning till rörelse under arbetsdagen, upplevd arbetsrelaterad stress samt grad av tre olika former av fysisk aktivitet på fritiden. Dessa tre var vardagsmotion, pulshöjande fysisk aktivitet och muskelstärkande fysisk aktivitet. Resultaten i en korrelationsmatris visade inledningsvis signifikanta samband mellan attityd till rörelse under arbetsdagen med kön, vardagsmotion och pulshöjande fysisk aktivitet. När en multipel regressionsanalys utfördes kvarstod sambandet med både kön och pulshöjande fysisk aktivitet. Ju mer pulshöjande aktivitet som utfördes på fritiden, desto mer positiv var attityden. Vidare visades att kvinnornas attityd generellt var mer positiv än männens. Studiens resultat uppmärksammade även behovet av fortsatt forskning inom området, främst utifrån arbetstagarens perspektiv. 

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  • Rassan, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nordgren, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Samhällsproblem inte förortsproblem: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga vuxna stockholmare upplever och påverkas av gängkriminalitet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored young adults experiences of the recent increase of gang related crime in Stockholm and possible impact on their everyday life. This study also aimed to study how these experiences varied due to genderand socioeconomic background. Semistructured interviews with six women and four men aged 20–29 from different socioeconomic areas were conducted. Stigma, Doing Gender and Empathy Identification theories were applied as a theoretical framework. The result shows that gender influenced the level of fear of crime, where women reported a higher fear of crime than men. The gender aspect also affected the level of influence on everyday life of the informants, none of the male informants was affected by the increased gang violence. Socioeconomic status was also shown to be a contributing factor since women from areas with low socioeconomic status were not affected by the increased gang violence, whereas women from areas with a high socioeconomic status were influenced. Finally socioeconomic status was a contributing aspect in the approach towards gang related crime and criminal individuals, as informants from areas with low socioeconomic status had a higher level of understanding and empathy for gang violence and why individuals become criminal gang members.

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  • Orrenius, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Holst-Larsen, Miriam
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Attityder kring sexmissbruk inom frikyrkan: en kvalitativ studie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sex addiction within the Swedish free church has historically been a taboo subject, characterized by shame and remnants of a period when the church and the state were closely intertwined with strict laws on extramarital sex. In 2022, the issue gained attention in a Dagen article by representatives from the Christian support organization "Starta Om," advocating forgiveness for the shame-induced stigmatization. The stigmatization of sexual addiction remains a neglected topic, with past research indicating that Christians often view pornography as an addictive factor and a primary cause of sexual addiction, in contrast to less religious individuals. A 2021 study highlighted that men facing sexual addiction encounter harsher judgments than women. Our study aimed to explore the Swedish free church attitudes toward sexual addiction, covering explanations, understanding, acceptance, and perceptions of men and women in relation to this issue. Conducted through semi-structured interviews with church leaders, the results revealed that the free church associated sexual addiction with pornography as both an entry point and a significant cause. The findings also uncovered ignorance resulting from a lack of discourse on sexual addiction within the church and society, with women receiving less understanding than men with the same problem. Moreover, the results hinted at a disparity in the perception of male and female sexual addiction, attributing high sexual desire to men while associating women with emotional and potential mental challenges.

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  • Westin, Lina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Sånning, Liselott
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Personal till salu?: En empirisk intervjustudie om drivkraften bakom valet att arbeta som socionomkonsult2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe and analyze the driving force behind the choice to work as a social work consultant in social services, by mapping motivating factors and what they wish to change in the role. It is a qualitative empirical interview study whose empirical evidence is based on five social work consultants who have assignments within the municipal social services. The result is based on a thematic analysis of the transcribed interviews. We will use an abductive approach to be able to go between theory and empiricism in the analysis process. We want to preserve an actor approach to have a positivist and objective approach to the empirical evidence.

    The five themes that could be distinguished in the study are to achieve basic needs, to experience autonomy, to feel belonging, to achieve competence and the pursuit of self- actualization. In the result of the empirical analysis, the theory of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the theory of self-determination are used as a complementary theory to build on the reasoning and conclusions that the result of the empirical evidence highlights. The result shows that the main driving forces for working as a social work consultant were salary and well-being, autonomy through self-determination and use of one's competence. In addition, our results showed that the social worker have an aspiration for self-realization throughaltruism and to reach their life's dream. In our last question, the results showed that the social work consultants lack cohesion and participation in the business in their current role. Being a social work consultant is both challenging and enabling, and in this study, we describe the driving forces that motivate social work consultants to work as consultants within the municipal social service.

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  • Muchitsch, Veronika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Werner, Ann
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    The Mediation of Genre, Identity, and Difference in Contemporary (Popular) Music Streaming2024In: Twentieth Century Music, ISSN 1478-5722, E-ISSN 1478-5730, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Music streaming service Spotify has recently declared that genre is becoming less important in popular music culture, linking this idea to post-identity claims. In contrast, the central argument of this article is that genre continues to matter in music streaming, where algorithmic recommendation systems remediate genre and its association with constructions of identity and difference. We examine Spotify's mediation of genre through a multimodal discourse analysis of genre metadata as presented on the website Every Noise at Once, playlist curation, and media discourse. Analysing the genres bubblegrunge and rap français (French rap), we show that the algorithmic and human processes of Spotify and its users rearticulate genre, shaping, in turn, patterns of recommendation, curation, and consumption. These processes remediate earlier constructions of identity, temporality, and place in music culture. Simultaneously, they intensify differentiation and individuation, tying in with postulations of multiplicity and diversity in neoliberalism that conceal power imbalances.

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  • Älmeros, Sofi
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Litterär styrka: Att navigera elevvald studentlitteratur2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the dynamics of literature and reading within the Swedish educational context, focusing on teachers' perspective on student self-selected literature and how self-selected literature can be included in the school curriculum. The two key questions are “What opportunities and challenges do teachers identify when working with student-selected fiction literature?” and “What role do librarians play in encouraging reading among the students?” Through survey responses from teachers, the pros and cons of working with student selected literature are discussed. Subsequently, interviews with school librarians follow to deepen the understanding of the role of school libraries. The study uses the sociocultural perspective, which means considering how learning is tied to the situation and how students are influenced by their social surrounding. Major findings highlights that the free choice serves as motivation and ignites engagement, but it is not without its challenges. Both educators and librarians emphasize the importance of cultivating habits related to library navigation and literature selection. The study underscores the essential role of librarians alongside teachers in guiding students through the world of literature. Additionally, it explores factors influencing literature teaching such as the tension between canonized literature and youth literature, access to literature, the challenge of selecting appropriately leveled text and the need to ensure students are engaging with their book of choice.

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  • Qvist, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Visar de statliga myndigheterna vägen?: Organisation, styrning och tvärsektoriell samverkan inom Miljömålsrådet2024 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många av de stora samhällsutmaningarna har en tvärsektoriell karaktär. De korsar politikområden, nivåer och gränser. Samtidigt präglas svensk offentlig förvaltning av vertikala styrsystem och sektorisering. För att öka förmågan att ”styra på tvären” har det utvecklats en mängd forum och plattformar för samverkan och samordning mellan olika samhällsaktörer. Men bidrar de till gemensam problemlösning? Och vad krävs för att de ska kunna överbrygga de vertikala styrsystemen?

    Här undersöks tvärsektoriell samverkan mellan statliga myndigheter inom miljöpolitiken. Rapporten bygger på en studie av Miljömålsrådet som fungerar som en plattform för myndigheterna på miljöområdet att öka takten mot att nå de svenska miljömålen. Rådets arbete med att ge samarbetet en mer strategisk inriktning har följts under tre år och rapporten visar på både möjligheter och utmaningar med myndighetssamverkan på nationell nivå.

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    Visar de statliga myndigheterna vägen? Organisation, styrning och tvärsektoriell samverkan inom Miljömålsrådet
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  • Parosh, Caros
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Doftande könsnormer: En analys av könsnormer i parfymers reklambilder och produktbeskrivningar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna analys är att visa hur reklammaterial formar och reflekterar könsspecifika budskap. Detta visas genom en sociosemiotisk analys av både reklambilder och produktbeskrivningar inom parfymbranschen för att visa hur män respektive kvinnor kan gestaltas och återspeglas på olika sätt. Följande frågeställningar preciserar mitt syfte:

    Vilka ideal kommuniceras i reklambilder riktade till män jämfört med reklambilder riktade till kvinnor inom parfymbranschen? Hur skiljer sig produktbeskrivningar i reklam riktad till män från produktbeskrivningar i reklam riktad till kvinnor inom parfymbranschen? 

    I reklam för män framställs ofta ideal kopplade till fysisk styrka och attraktivitet, medan reklam för kvinnor betonar glamour, elegans och feminin styrka. Visuell analys av reklambilderna visar användning av retuschering och symbolik för att skapa idealiserade bilder av parfymanvändare och koppla doften till önskade känslor. Produktbeskrivningar för män fokuserar på attraktiv och rebellisk maskulin identitet, medan produktbeskrivningar för kvinnor strävar efter att förmedla feminin styrka och självständighet.

    Resultaten visar att parfymreklam och produktbeskrivningar inte bara handlar om doft utan också säljer en önskad livsstil kopplad till traditionella könsroller. Genom att förstå dessa strategier får man en inblick i hur parfymbranschen påverkar och formas av samhällets normer och förväntningar på kön och skönhet.

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  • Lindström, Felix
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Seilitz, Wilhelm
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Finfluencers och Gen Z: En kvalitativ studie av hur finfluencers kan påverka den digitala generationens investeringsbeslut2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the internet growing and growing, influencers have become part of everyday life for youths and they focus on many different areas. The purpose of this study was to examine how Gen Z experiences the influence financial influencers, also known as finfluencers, could have on their investment decisions. Gen Z was chosen because previous research suggests that the generation has certain characteristics that affect their behavior on social media and as consumers. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a framework, semi structured interviews were held with 12 respondents from Gen Z who also had a disposable income. The answers were analyzed using thematic analysis to create a holistic view of how the behavior can be affected.

    The results show that finfluencers can affect individuals belonging to Gen Z in different ways. Credibility of influencers can be improved by having an academic degree or being able to present positive results from earlier investment activities. There were differing opinions regarding whether individuals would interact with a finfluencer for social reasons. However, the interviews showed that individuals without relevant knowledge are more at risk of being influenced.

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  • Ioanidou, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vision - ledarskap och anställdas motivation: En kvalitativ studie om organisationens vision och ledarskapets påverkan på anställdas motivation ur ett medarbetarperspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to gain insights and a deeper understanding of how the organization's vision and leadership can serve as central motivational factors and influence employees' willingness to perform at a higher level. The primary role of the vision is to provide an inspiring future image and demonstrate what the organization aims to achieve in the long term. Its purpose is to instigate engagement among both leaders and employees. The leader's task involves implementing the vision by rallying all employees within the organization around agreed-upon objectives. Implementation is realized through motivational actions and influencing employees' behavioral patterns, intending to enhance performance. The study was conducted with the intention of examining how the vision and the leader's actions can impact and increase employee motivation in two distinct segments. A qualitative method was applied with an abductive approach and semi-structured interviews. The thesis is based on a hermeneutic methodology, relying on the theoretical frameworks used in the study. Interviews were conducted with twelve employees, all active in the banking or education sectors, to obtain their individual perspectives.The collected empirical data indicated that a clear and well-formulated vision alone is not sufficient. An engaged and active effort from the leader is necessary, as they serve as a vital link between employees and the organization's vision goals. Leadership qualities that employees primarily seek in a manager are associated with transformative and charismatic leadership. The results also suggest that many of the motivational factors considered significant in the organization's vision, and which could be related to some employees' personal goals, were similarly observed regarding employees' workplace. This indicates that fulfilling only external hygiene factors, as Herzberg emphasizes, is not enough. Internal motivational factors must be present for employees to experience increased motivation.

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  • Edwards Ranhem, Sebastian
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Frick, Vendela
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Jag kan prata om att det är okej att älska vem man vill, men analsex - där går min gräns": En kvalitativ studie av det utökade kunskapsområdet sexualitet, samtycke och relationers inkludering i fritidshemsverksamheten2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur skolledning och ansvariga pedagoger inom fritidshemmet resonerar kring inkluderingen av det utökade kunskapsområdet sexualitet, samtycke och relationer i fritidshemsverksamhetens utformning. Detta har vi undersöktutifrån vår frågeställning: ”Hur har implementeringen av det nya kunskapsområdet sexualitet, samtycke och relationer sett ut, och hur har fritidshemsverksamma pedagoger inkluderats i detta?”; ”Vilka möjligheter finns det inom fritidshemmet att bidra till undervisningen i kunskapsområdet sexualitet, samtycke och relationer?” och ”Vilket område inom kunskapsområdet sexualitet, samtycke och relationer upplevs svårast respektive enklast att arbeta med?”. Empirin har samlats via intervjuer med skolledare, fritidshemsverksamma pedagoger och en samordnade från Utbildningsförvaltningen. Vårt resultat har analyserats och bearbetas med hjälp av diskursanalytiska verktyg samt det interkulturella perspektivet. I resultatet framgår det att fritidshemmets verksamma pedagoger inte inkluderats tillräckligt, eller alls, i implementeringsarbetet, trots att en betydande del av undervisningen de genomför kan ses som arbete inom kunskapsområdet. Vi lyfter även kunskapsområdets komplexitet och svårare respektive enklare delar av arbetet. 

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  • Hussein, Aman
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Saljunovic, Denis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Fotbollens förtrollning: CSR-sagor från Manchester Citys rike2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study delves into the perceptions of Manchester City Football Club supporters regarding the club’s Corporate Social Responsibility activities post its 2008 acquisition by Abu Dhabi United Group. Interviews with Swedish MCFC supporters reveal an in-depth understanding of the evolution of their relationship with the club and their views on its CSR endeavors. The study addresses the supporters backgrounds, roles within the supporter association, experiences before and after the ownership change, and their perspectives on the club’s community engagements. A key theme is how these supporters perceive the club’s growing global CSR initiatives in the local community as well as on a global scale and their association with sportswashing allegations. The study presents a nuanced view of how supporters' loyalty and connection with the club intertwine with their perceptions of its social responsibility and global image.

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  • Westlund, Christopher
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    SMMAs inverkan på kundlojalitet hos lyxvarumärken: En kvalitativ studie om hur sociala medie marknadsföringsaktiviteter kan bidra till en bättre kundlojalitet hos lyxvarumärken2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Luxury brands have a status to sustain, which is a challenge, especially in a society that develops fast with the help of technology, thus luxury brands find themselves in a market with high demand. In order for luxury brands to stay relevant in today's society, it is important for luxury brands to reflect about their marketing strategies. This leads to luxury brand shaving to be aware of their marketing plans, for example through social media and throughso-called social media marketing activities (SMMA). This study explores how the dimensions of SMMA contribute to enhanced customer loyalty for luxury brands. Through a combination of empirical research and theoretical perspectives analyze SMMA's different dimensions: Entertainment, Interaction, Trendiness, Customization and eWOM to map its role in creatingand strengthening the customer's connection to luxury brands.

    To achieve these objectives, a qualitative interview study was conducted where respondents shared their experiences of following and interacting with luxury brands through social media. Additionally, a theoretical framework was used to contextualize and understand the results in relation to existing research and theories on marketing and customer loyalty.

    By examining the relationship between SMMA and customer response, the study has been able to see in detail how consumer loyalty is impacted. The results emphasize that Entertainment, Interaction, and eWOM were identified as the most influential aspects ingeneration interest and engagement among customers with luxury brands. These insights can be crucial for developing effective marketing strategies for luxury brands. By implementing SMMA correctly, luxury brands can create positive experiences for their customers, thereby enhancing customer loyalty. 

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  • Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Skoglund, Wilhelm
    Mid Sweden University,Sweden.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University,Sweden.
    Exploring the dynamics of innovation: Patterns of growth and contraction in the local food industry2024In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 126, no 13, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE:

    The purpose of this study is shed light on the underlying forces behind entrepreneurship within a regional innovation system (RIS) in a remote rural region. The authors examine the following questions: Which are the main underlying forces behind the entrepreneurial process in a rural RIS characterized by traditionally low-tech, small-scale businesses? How can the development of a low-tech regional innovation system be conceptualized?

    DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH

    The design of the study is based on entrepreneurship theory. Data analysis followed practices used in phenomenography, a research approach used to analyse and identify commonalities and variations in populations' perceptions of a certain phenomenon. Data are composed using semi-structured interviews and a database composed of company information of all firms in the population.

    FINDINGS

    A proactive mobilization of regional stakeholders and resources can be an important driving force behind the entrepreneurial process and generation of a rural RIS. Innovation can be generated within low-tech industries turning the rural context into an asset. An RIS in a remote rural context can be initiated and orchestrated by regional authorities, but knowledge brokering and orchestration can also be managed by networks of small-scale businesses brought together by mutual benefit and common interests.

    RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS

    Regional innovation systems theory is most often used to study high-tech industries. But by combining regional innovation systems with rural entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship context theory is a fruitful avenue to understand the role of rural entrepreneurship in regional development, even in remote and peripheral regions. Innovation does not need to entail high-tech international environments; it can appear as the result of efforts in low-tech industries in rural and remote environments. The authors’ findings need to be scrutinized; therefore, the authors call for more research on regional innovation systems in rural environments.

    PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS

    It is possible for regional authorities to orchestrate a development process through the actions of a strong regional agent but also by supporting the creation of networks of small businesses that are built on trust and common interests.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE

    This study contributes to the literature with a new perspective to the study of entrepreneurship and of regional innovation systems. Entrepreneurship research with focus on rural contexts most often highlight limits to entrepreneurship and see entrepreneurship as “just running a business”. A perspective that starts from innovation and innovative behaviour, despite the rural context and embedded resources, helps to generate new knowledge that can enrich the understanding of entrepreneurship and also be the foundation for more precise business development policies in rural settings.

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  • Hessel, Hedda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Sjölander, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    En tvärsnittsstudie om sambandet mellan arbetskontrollokus och gränssättning mellan arbetsliv och privatliv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in boundaries between work and personal life has become more invigorated since the Covid-19 pandemic, where many people had to work from home which potentially blurred the lines between work and family life. This technological development which made working from home during the pandemic possible is not likely to stagnate. Therefore it is of importance to investigate boundaries and what other factors can possibly affect them further. One such factor being control and the belief that one does or does not have it. The aim of this study was to look for a relationship between Boundary Strength at Home (BSH) and Work Locus of Control (WLOC) with demographic variables such as age and gender. This was researched through a survey sent to different work related forums using a mix of snowball and convenience sample (n=153). The results did not support there being a relationship between BSH and WLOC. Although, the results did show an interaction effect between WLOC and age in relation to BSH. It is unclear why this interaction effect manifested but it suggests that age is not as trivial of a factor as first thought. Therefore we encourage further research into the relationship between age, WLOC and boundary management.

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  • Coblentz, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Eklund, Robert
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Media, makt och känslorna bakom2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier om sambandet mellan journalisters självkänsla och deras arbetsprestation är ett outforskat område. Tidigare forskning har fokuserat mer kring andra variabler som begreppet självförtroende istället för självkänsla, eller andra yrken än journalistyrket. Denna studie fokuserar på självkänslan hos journalister och dess inverkan på deras arbetsprestation i dagens medielandskap. Studiens datainsamling skedde genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Åtta verksamma journalister varav fem var kvinnor och tre var män mellan åldrarna 29-58 deltog i studien. Studiens empiri analyserades med hjälp av en tematisk analys i fem steg. Under analysen identifierades tre teman: 1) Självuppfattning, 2) Relationer och 3) Makt och utsatthet. Studiens resultat visar att självkänsla har en viktig roll för verksamma journalister och deras arbetsprestation. Journalister har en unik och viktig roll i ett samhälle som vill upprätthålla demokratiska värderingar som yttrandefrihet. Sambandet mellan journalisters självkänsla och arbetsprestation blir intressant att utforska då journalistik kan påverka människors bild av omvärlden. Självkänslan hos enskilda journalister kan vara en avgörande faktor för kvaliteten på journalistiken.

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  • Drugge, Catarina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Grafik som folkbildning: En analys av litografins spridning i det svenska folkhemmet 1947-19572023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Graphic Art as Public Education – a Study of the Spreading of Litographic Prints in Swedish Homes 1947-1957  This thesis aims to analyze how graphics as an art form became a tool to democratize art during the period of 1947–1957 in Sweden. Graphic art refers to the collective term that includes multiplied art prints: lithography, etching, woodcut, and serigraphy. I am using Pierre Bourdieu's sociological theories and concepts as a theoretical framework. The first part highlights the various agents whose ambition was to realize the goal that art would be a matter for everyone in society. These agents consisted of organizations and political representatives. The fact that the state guarded good taste and art presented a potential for change in the existing art field and an opportunity for new agents to exert influence. Next, I examine the role of graphics as an art form, in particular lithography, which had its’ big revival in the 1940s. The number of lithographs that were published via Konstfrämjandet and spread across the country testifies to the power of the political goal that art should concern everyone. The process included education via public organizations of adult and childrens education, creating art societies within the workplace and in general contexts, as well as expanding the trading of art via local agents throughout the country. In the last part, I report on my research regarding how communication relating to graphic arts was carried out. Three cultural inquiries (1947, 1953, 1956), intended to form the basis of a modern cultural policy, emphasized the importance of cultural and artistic education of the people. The investigations called for education and the presence of art in homes and workplaces as well as in schools. The communication about the role of graphic arts in the organization’s publications follows the degree of relevance conveyed in the investigations. The summary I present also shows the increase of organization members, exhibition visitors and graphic arts sales during the years 1947–1957, all with the support of the government's democratization work.

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  • Jakobsson, Johanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Utanförskapet i Svinalängorna: En studie av den didaktiska potentialen i Susanna Alakoskis roman Svinalängorna2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the didactic potential of Susanna Alakoski’s portray of exclusion in the novel Svinalängorna, in relation to the fundamental values stated in the Swedish school curriculum. Reflections about didactic deliberations related to the novel are also included in the study. The analysis was conducted using a close reading method with elements of thematic analysis. Alkestrand’s definition of didactic potential, Stigendal’s concept of exclusion and the intersectionality theory were used in the analysis. The result of this study showed that exclusion is portrayed through three different dimensions in the novel. These dimensions are economical, linguistic and social exclusion. Svinalängorna was found to offer multiple didactic opportunities. Alakoski’s portray of exclusion stimulates reflections that contribute to the student’s critical thinking capacity as well as to their understanding of themselves and others, which is essential in the school’s work with fundamental values.

    However, the teacher must use deliberate teaching strategies when including Svinalängorna in educational contexts, in order to pre-empt the risks associated with problematic literature in education.    

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  • Sylwan, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Sällsynta, vanliga kvinnor: Genremåleriets skildringar som kunskapskälla kring 1700-talets arbetande kvinnor i Sverige2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sällsynta, vanliga kvinnor - Genremåleriets skildringar som kunskapskälla kring 1700-talets arbetande kvinnor i Sverige. The aim of this essay is to study whether genre paintings portraying lower and middle class women in the 18th century Sweden can act as a source of information and knowledge regarding these women ́s types of work and way of life and if so, what in the the motives can be used as a source of information and thus contribute to traditional historical research. The essay focuses on Sweden and the years between 1770 - 1810 since this was a time of rapid political, economic and cultural development which all effected the art market. These years were also the productive years of the artist Pehr Hilleström who was the most formative contributor to Swedish genre painting at the time. In this essay three motives have been analysed with attention to repertoires of work, ways of performing work and social hierarchies within work among the portrayed women. Research on aspects of economic history, material culture, work, family and gender, dress history as well as pictures as historical evidence puts the depicted women in relation to their context. The conclusion is that with knowledge of the time period and culture, special knowledge of what is displayed and thereby the adequate ability to critically evaluate the source indeed makes genre painting a useful source of information. 

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  • Wennerholm, Klara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Storvreta IBK:s arbete med marknadsföringsmixen: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur Storvreta IBK arbetar med marknadsföringsmixen för att skapa ett attraktivt evenemang2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The floorball club Storvreta IBK leads the audience league in the Swedish Super League and has had high attendance figures for a long time. This proves that Storvreta IBK has an attractive event to offer and other clubs have taken inspiration from them regarding arrangements and the like. 

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how Storvreta IBK works with the marketing mix to create an attractive event. The marketing mix consists of the seven components product, price, place, promotion, people, process and physical evidence. 

    To answer the purpose, interviews have been made with Storvreta IBK's sales and marketing manager, one from the event group and three spectators. The three spectators were from the different selection groups, one who had a season ticket, one who attends 5-6 games per season and one who attends 2-3 games per season. In addition to the interviews, the match events have also been observed and data material available on the internet has been taken into account. 

    Based on the collected data, it can be concluded that Storvreta IBK works with all the components of the marketing mix to create an attractive event. However, the work on each component varies to some degrees. There is a consensus that the respondents think that all or several components affect the overall perception of the event. On the other hand, they disagree about which components have the greatest and least impact. 

    This is in accordance with previous empirical studies that have repeatedly stated that different spectators think different components are important. The results regarding which component is most important also differ in different surveys. This confirms previous empirical studies that suggest that each sports club has its own conditions and challenges. Each sports club should find its optimal composition of the components to achieve its goals.

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  • Ström, Frida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ylitalo, Sofia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Inkludering oavsett kön på fritidshemmet: En vetenskaplig essä om vikten av personalens yrkeskunnande - undervisning för en jämställd verksamhet2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the tasks of the leisure-time center according to Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the leisure-time center 2022 is to include every student regardless of gender. It is common for students to be divided based on their gender and based on the norms that the teachers have. There is a lack of focus on equality and gender in the teachers' planning. The essay takes its starting point in representations from our previous experience where we have dilemma situations based on gender interpretation and inclusion. We ask ourselves how we as teachers in leisure centers can influence inclusion and gender based on our knowledge of the curriculum and our ability to create an equal and inclusive activity.

    The purpose of this essay is to reflect on all staff's difficulties in including all students in activities during leisure-time. The method is a scientific essay and observations. We reflect on the dilemma and analyze it linked to gender, norms, equality, leadership, norm-critical perspective and relational pedagogy. We see that within the leisure center there are several challenges and that an important aspect in the development of operations is a good knowledge of the curriculum, committed school management and a staff that dares to challenge and reflect on how the operation is structured about gender roles, inclusion, equality and student participation. A leisure center where these aspects are evaluated and are continuously included in the operation have good conditions for creating an inclusive operation.

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  • Almosawi, Saifaldeen Basem
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Service Recovery hos restaurangbranschen genom hantering av eWOM: En kvalitativ studie om hur restaurangbranschen kan återhämta sig från negativ eWOM med hjälp av Service Recovery2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Restaurangbranschen är en lovande affärsverksamhet då mat är ett av de primära behoven för alla människor. Restauranger arbetar i en fysisk miljö med en stor mängd personlig interaktion med kunderna, vilket innebär att fel, misstag och misslyckanden inte kan undvikas. Genom att dessa felaktigheter uppstår vänder kunderna sig till att publicera negativ eWOM (elektronisk word-of-mouth) i form av klagomål på nätet. Detta kan allvarligt skada restaurangen om inte det implementeras en plan och strategi för att hantera och motverka den negativa eWOM. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka varför negativ eWOM förekommer i restaurangbranschen och hur den hanterar dessa negativa publikationer på nätet genom Service Recovery samt vad de gör för att förebygga negativ eWOM. Forskningsfrågorna studien ska besvara är; vilka är de bakomliggande orsakerna till att restauranger får negativ eWOM? Hur arbetar restaurangbranschen med negativa recensioner på deras kanaler? Hur arbetar restauranger för att förebygga dessa problem? Teorierna som studien utgår från är service failure, kundnöjdhet, negativ eWOM och Service revocery. Studien utgår från en kvalitativ metod med en abduktiv forskningsansats. Empirin utfördes genom tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med chefer/ägare av restauranger. Restaurangbranschen kan inte undvika servicemisslyckanden oavsett dess grad av lyxighet. Däremot finns det planer och strategier som kan implementeras för att minimera konsekvenserna av servicemisslyckanden som sker. Dessa strategier är att man först inser att servicemisslyckande inte kan undvikas och på så sätt vara beredd att handskas med konsekvenserna genom att vara snabba med att hantera problemet. Därefter är det kritiskt att deeskalera de negativa känslorna som kunderna upplever efter att en servicemisslyckande uppstått samt upprätthålla en snabb och mindre hantering genom att erbjuda kompensationer och förklaringar. Det är även kritiskt för hanteringen att ha en digital närvaro och kommunikation med kunderna då den negativa publikationen sker digitalt genom sociala medier.

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  • Brylla, Viktor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Staten som politisk enhet: En undersökning av Carl Schmitts statsbegrepp i Det politiska som begrepp2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1932 essay The Concept of the Political, German legal philosopher Carl Schmitt (1888– 1985) raises the question: what is the modern state? In his answer Schmitt indivisibly links state and politics by stating that the concept of the state presupposes the concept of the political. The modern state is subsequently characterised as the political unity of a people. In the following thesis, I investigate the meaning of this designation by examining Schmitt’s state theory. Firstly, I set out to analyse his understanding of the political as a realm of conflict (chapter 2). On that basis, I scrutinise his views on the nature of the state as a political form of organisation (chapter 3). The thesis argues that given Schmitt’s understanding of the political as basically antagonistic, the raison d’être of the state is to relativise domestic tensions and conflicts in such a way as to facilitate the maintenance of order, peace and stability in a territorially enclosed configuration. Furthermore, the thesis contends that the ultimate purpose of the state, according to Schmitt, is to ensure a strong sense of political unity within the population and to promote the common goods a flourishing political community requires. In light of this, the thesis concludes that Schmitt’s state theory is essentially teleological in the sense that the political unity constituting the state is not merely an empirical phenomenon but rather a standard every real state should endeavour to realise.

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  • Kollberg, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Efter tangenttryckningarna: En kvalitativ studie om distansarbetares upplevelser av skriftlig feedback och kommunikation inom organisationer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores distance workers experiences of communication and written feedback within organizations, with focus on examining the design of written feedback and its impact on information absorption. The study also focuses on how their experiences can be seen from the sociocultural perspective. The study aims to provide increased understanding of how written feedback in the distance work environment is perceived and affects the recipients. The methodology is based on a qualitative approach to explore their experiences. Through a digital survey with open questions, the study captured deeper insights. The results emphasized the importance of the design of the written feedback, where the desire for forward-looking intentions and understanding of the work emerged. The results underline the need for clear written feedback, taking individual interpretation processes into account and underline that the design of written feedback has an influence on how the information is received. A positive tone facilitates the absorption of information and increases the  receptivity, while a negative tone risks creating defensiveness and reducing the motivation to improve. The study also highlights the role of technology as a central artefact for communication in distance work and highlights challenges such as delayed communication. For further research, studies on cultural influences on feedback reception and the impact of different communication tools are suggested. The results of the study are relevant to organizations that strive to improve communication and feedback in an increasingly distance work-oriented environment.

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  • Lind, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Queerhet i lilla Norrbotten: En policyanalys av Norrbottens kommuners styrdokument2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyse how five small municipalities in Sweden handle and represent LGBTQ-people. This analysis uses the method What´s the Problem represented to be? created by Carol Bacchi and Susan Goodwin, which purpose is to analyse policy documents through a poststructural lens. The method has been combined with queer theory and queer time to analyse how subjectivity is represented in the documents. The findings conclude that the municipalities do represent LGBTQ-people in some compacity but that the documents struggle to explain sexuality and struggle with finding solutions that include nonbinary people. The documents also tend to represent LGBTQ-people as victims in the documents through the focus on discriminatory actions against LGBTQ-people.

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  • Norström, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Intrinsic motivation för körsång: en jämförelse med de två självvalda aktiviteterna lagidrott och dataspel2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Evidence suggests beneficial aspects of singing in a choir. Self-Determination Theory assumes that the three basic psychological needs autonomy, competence and relatedness are necessary for what is called intrinsic motivation to arise. Intrinsically motivated individuals make decisions out of joy, curiosity and free choice. This essay attempts to examine intrinsic motivational factors for choir members and make comparisons with two other activities: team sports and computer gaming. A digital survey using The Intrinsic Motivation Inventory was conducted analysing the six subscales Interest/Enjoyment, Perceived Competence, Relatedness, Pressure/Tension Effort/Importance and Value/Usefulness. The subscale Interest/Enjoyment aims to measure levels of intrinsic motivation. The total number of participants were N=79, out of which 38 were choir members, 19 played team sports and 22 were playing computer games. The results indicated high levels of intrinsic motivation for all three activities. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted for each subscale with significant results for Relatedness, Effort/Importance and Value/Usefulness. The following Post hoc analysis showed lower levels for computer gaming on all three scales with strong effect size on all comparing measurements. Between choir members and team sport players no significant differences were found. However, only Effort/Importance was normally distributed, hence any conclusions regarding Relatedness and Value/Usefulness must be drawn with caution.  

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