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  • 1.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ СТУДЕНТА В СОЗДАНИИ ВКР: ОПЫТ ЖУРНАЛИСТСКОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯВ РОССИИ И ШВЕЦИИ: [A Student’S Independence in Writing a Graduation Thesis: The Experience of Journalistic Educationin Russia and Sweden]2017In: Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 10. Zhurnalistika, ISSN 0320-8079, no 6, p. 32-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes the research project “Independence in writing a graduationthesis: the experience of journalistic and pedagogical education in Russia andSweden”. This three-year interdisciplinary project is being conducted at theUniversity of Södertörn (Sweden) by researchers from the faculties of journalismand teacher education. The focus of the article is the interpretations ofindependence in journalistic education, especially in relation to the Russianpractice. The text examines the concept of the project, the main directions of thestudy and features the ongoing research at the stage of its implementation.

  • 2.
    Gullö, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    How independent are journalism students in the course of their individiual work?: Representations of independence in two academic contexts.2017In: Journalism education across borders, Moskva, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Gullö, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Independence: Different Understandings and Meanings in Steering Documents in Higher Education in Sweden and Russia2016In: ECER 2016 Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Bologna Declaration in 1999, independence is a concept that has gained much importance in higher education. Within the Bologna cooperation, an overall European framework has been developed with general learning outcomes and competences for different examination levels. In this framework, independence is a central concept to describe progression. Concerning independence, the independent project on the undergraduate level, also called bachelor essay or degree project, has a special role in ensuring and maintaining the relevant learning outcomes (e.g. Prop. 2004/05, Prosser & Webb 1994), partly due to its pre-dominance as a means of assessing student performance (cf. Lillis 1999, Scott 1999, Turner 1999), and is therefore of special relevance here.

    Consequently, independence has become increasingly important in higher education in Europe, in steering documents as well as assessment criteria. Due to different epistemologies in, as well as between, countries (e.g. Fox 1994, Cadman 1997), the different understandings of independence are both varying and complex and needs to be further examined. The complexities and variations also stem from a general problem of implicitness rather than explicitness in higher education (e.g. Lillis 1999, Scott 1999, Turner 1999), for instance regarding independence.

    Independence is however a concept which could be understood in different ways in different contexts. Since independence appears to be a central concept in many steering documents on different levels it is reasonable that the higher education practice is influenced by how independence, as a concept, is understood and used. Ambiguities in how independence is understood and used in practice can lead to uncertainty and may even be a barrier to student exchange and hamper international comparability in accordance with the intentions of the Bologna Declaration. The aim of this paper is therefore to explore how the concept of independence is used in steering documents in different countries, Sweden and Russia more specifically, and by that capture different perspectives and meanings of the concept of independence.

    In this study, a substudy of a three-year research project, we focus on steering documents since the national and local steering documents form the legal basis for the practice of producing independent projects. The steering documents consist of learning outcomes, assessment criteria, instructions and descriptions concerning the independent project. All national and local steering documents relating to the independent project are collected in a corpus, and then analyzed and compared.

    The framework for our study is based on a socio-cultural and dialogical perspective (Bachtin 1981; Vygotskij 2001, Lea & Stierer 2000; Lillis 1997; 2003, Linell 2011), which proposes that learning and understanding develop in context, and that the role of language is important when it comes to constructing epistemologies and academic knowledge.

    Bachtin, M. (1981). The dialogic imagination: four essays. Austin: Univ. of Texas P.

    Cadman, K. (1997). Thesis writing for international students: A question of identity?. English for Specific Purposes, 16(1), 3-14.

    Fox, H. (1994). Listening to the World: Cultural Issues in Academic Writing. National Council of Teachers of English: Urbana, IL.

    Lea, M. R., & Stierer, B. (2000). Student writing in higher education: New contexts. Open University Press/Society for Research into Higher Education.

    Lillis, T. (1997). New Voices in Academia? The Regulative Nature of Academic Writing Conventions. Language and Education, 11(3), 192-207.

    Lillis, T. (1999). Whose common sense. I C. Jones, J. Turner. & BV Street (Eds.), Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues, 127-47.

    Lillis, T. (2003). Student Writing as 'Academic Literacies': Drawing on Bakhtin to Move from Critique to Design. Language and Education, 17(3), 182–199. 

    Lillis, T. (1999). Whose common sense. I C. Jones, J. Turner. & BV Street (Eds.), Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues, 127-47. Linell, P. (2011). Samtalskulturer: Kommunikativa verksamhetstyper i samhället. Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Linköpings universitet.

    Prosser, M., & Webb, C. (1994). Relating the process of undergraduate essay writing to the finished product. Studies in Higher Education, 19(2), 125-138.

    Regeringens proposition 2004/05:162 (2005). Ny värld – ny högskola. Prop. 2004/05:162.

    Scott, M. (1999). Agency and subjectivity in student writing. In: Jones, Carys, Turner, Joan & Street, (Eds.). Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues (Vol. 8). John Benjamins Publishing.

    Turner, J. (1999). Academic literacy and the discourse of transparency. Students writing in the university: Cultural and epistemological issues. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 149-160.

    Vygotskij, L. S. (2001). Tänkande och språk. Göteborg: Daidalos.

     

     

     

     

     

  • 4.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Handledarens frågor: Att möjliggöra självständighet i ett handledningssamtal2021In: Högre Utbildning, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 56-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av många ansvarsområden som en uppsatshandledare har handlar om att möjliggöra och öppna för studentens självständighet. Självständighet knyts i den här undersökningen till studentens delaktighet i handledningssamtalen, och i det sammanhanget är handledarens frågor till studenten centrala. Syftet är därför att undersöka hur handledarna genom ställandet av frågor öppnar för och möjliggör studentens självständighet. Åtta olika handledarsamtal från två utbildningsprogram analyseras utifrån vilka frågor som ställs, och vilka av dessa frågor som öppnar för och möjliggör självständighet. Tre typer av frågor identifieras som särskilt centrala i handledningssamtalen; öppnande och överlämnande frågor, utvecklande och fördjupande frågor samt utmanande och problematiserande frågor. Variationen mellan samtal och handledare visar sig dock vara stor och det visar sig också finnas skillnader i vilken typ av delaktighet som skapas med hjälp av frågorna. 

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  • 5.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    ”Jättebra, men” - Handledares beröm i handledningssamtal2020In: Språk och interaktion, ISSN 2242-2277, E-ISSN 2242-2285, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 45-68Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 6.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Oenighet i handledningssamtal: Att säga emot sin handledare2020In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, no 30, p. 175-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to attempt to identify practices of resistance in supervision meetings, specifically the graduate student’s resistance in relation to the supervisor’s recommendations and advice. How do students account for their resistance in relation to the supervisor’s advice and recommendations? How do the graduate students enact their resistance in the interaction, and how does the supervisor relate to that? To answer these questions, practices of advice resisting in 24 re- corded supervision meetings from teacher education and journalist education in two different Swedish universities are analysed. The analysis is conducted within a conversation analytical framework including the concepts of preference structure and accountability. The results show that it is unusual to express resistance to the supervisors’ advice and recommendations. Four different kinds of advice resisting practices are however identified in the interaction, in which the students use different accounts. Following the supervisors’ advice:

    – is too complicated and time consuming– has negative far-reaching implications– is contrary to what other authorities express/state – is contrary to the own ideas.

    Both students and supervisors use hedging and mitigation strategies in relation to the practices of resistance. These and other interactional strategies indicate that both advising and resisting advis- ing is complicated and challenging.

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  • 7.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Positioning oneself in relation to sources and context – Enactments of independence in undergraduate supervision2021In: Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, ISSN 2040-3658, E-ISSN 2040-3666, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 351-373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Independence is becoming an increasingly important factor in Swedish higher education, especially in relation to undergraduate degree projects. Despite this, there is no shared understanding of what independence is or whether it is to be found in the finished text or in the supervision interaction. In this article I look at one specific definition of independence: the ability to position oneself and one’s work in relation to sources. Three supervision meetings are analysed, selected from a larger body of recorded material from teacher education courses in Sweden. I explore how independence can be enacted in the supervision of undergraduate degree projects, drawing on the analytical framework of appraisal. The theoretical framework is derived from the socio-cultural and dialogical perspective, which proposes that learning and understanding develop in context through interaction and dialogue. Independence, from this perspective, is something that can be explored in enactments in interactions of different kinds. The findings show that the students use different resources in order to relate to sources on different levels, and these levels could be related to independence in different ways.

  • 8.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Handledning i praktiken: Om studenters självständighet och akademiska litteracitet2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Handledning av självständiga arbeten är en omfattande pedagogisk verksamhet inom högre utbildning och ingår i de flesta universitetslärares undervisningsvardag. Samtidigt är uppsatshandledning på många sätt speciell. Exempelvis ställs det höga krav på studenters självständighet, samtidigt som handledaren får en tätare och mer långvarig relation till studenten än normalt. Dessa speciella villkor ställer handledaren inför nya frågor och utmaningar:

    • Hur kan jag stötta studenten i uppsatsarbetet och samtidigt uppmuntra självständighet? 

    • Var drar jag gränsen mellan en professionell och en mer personlig handledningsrelation? 

    • Hur mycket kan jag berömma och bekräfta studenten när det är en examinator som sätter betyg?

    I den här boken ligger fokus på hur handledning ser ut och fungerar i praktiken. Genom exempel från verkliga handledningssituationer och teoretisk diskussion av dessa, behandlas handledares uppfattningar om självständighet, relationen mellan handledare och student, känslornas betydelse i handledningsprocessen, olika handledningsverktyg för självständighet, och handledarens roll som bedömare.

    Handledning i praktiken kan användas i handledningskurser inom högskolan, men också som underlag för kollegiala diskussioner av frågor relaterade till handledning och uppsatsskrivande. 

  • 9.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Student independence in undergraduate projects: different understandings in different academic contexts2019In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326, no 10, p. 1404-1419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Independence is a concept of scholarly interest in relation to higher education, especially when it comes to undergraduate projects. At the same time independence is characterised by a certain conceptual ambiguity, and, consequently, tends to be understood differently in different academic contexts, both nationally, internationally and interdisciplinary. Based on the existing research in the field, we see a need for more studies on how supervisors of undergraduate projects handle this conceptual ambiguity. The aim of this article is, thus, to examine how supervisors from two different education programmes, teacher education and journalism, in two different countries, Sweden and Russia, understand the concept of independence within higher education in connection with the supervision of undergraduate projects. The analysis is based on 12 focus-group interviews with supervisors at different universities in the two countries. In our results, we highlight and discuss seven different understandings of independence that were recurrent in our material and in which phases of the undergraduate project they were seen as most significant. Using Wittgenstein’s ideas on family resemblances, we conclude with a discussion of how the concept independence may be understood in relation to some associated concepts that are also significant within higher education.

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  • 10.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Student independence in undergraduate projects: Supervisors’ understandings and attitudes2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Balansen mellan att uppmuntra och ställa krav. En reflektion över studenters uppsatsskrivande i relation till stress och stöttning2019In: Högre Utbildning, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 15-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    När studenter ska skriva sin första stora uppsats, det vill säga det som i högskoleförordningen betecknas ”självständigt arbete”, möter de delvis andra krav och förväntningar än de stött på tidigare under sin utbildning. Det kan gälla till exempel hur självständiga de förväntas vara, men också att de ska skriva en text som inte bara visar vad de själva har lärt sig utan som också andra kan lära sig av. För några är detta en spännande utmaning, som de ser fram emot, men för andra kan uppgiften framstå som skrämmande och stressande. Hur ska man som kursansvarig kunna entusiasmera och motivera studenter för uppgiften att skriva sitt självständiga arbete, när man samtidigt vill få dem att inse att uppsatsarbetet kan vara både svårt och utmanande och att de måste arbeta hårt för att klara av det?

    I denna artikel använder jag scaffolding som teoretisk utgångspunkt för att reflektera över detta, i ett resonemang runt vad stress och stöttning kan innebära i detta sammanhang och hur relationen dem emellan kan se ut. Jag utgår från mina erfarenheter som kursansvarig på en självständigt arbete-kurs på ett av lärarutbildningens program.

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  • 12.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Encouraging student independence: Perspectives on scaffolding in higher education supervision2020In: Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, ISSN 2050-7003, E-ISSN 1758-1184, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 495-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this article is to examine if and how supervisors’ use of two kinds of potential scaffolding means - asking questions and giving instructions - could contribute to fulfilling the scaffolding intention of student independence, in the context of supervision of degree projects within higher education.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The article is based on qualitative content analysis of two series of supervision meetings between a supervisor and a student in Swedish higher education, comprising a total of eight recorded sessions. The theoretical framework of the article is centered on scaffolding and independent learning, and central concepts are contingency, fading, transfer of responsibility and student independence.

    Findings

    The analysis shows how the supervisors’ use of questions, and in some respect instructions, could contribute to fulfilling the scaffolding intention of student independence through enabling active participation of both student and supervisor and that the supervision was based on contingency. The analysis further shows that the supervisors tended to become more directive as the work came along, especially when students appeared to be running out of time. The supervision processes did thus not appear to be characterized by fading and transfer of responsibility.

    Originality/value

    This article contributes to the research field of higher education through discussing student independence as a potential scaffolding intention within supervision of degree projects, based on recorded supervision meetings. Supervision of degree projects is a highly relevant context for discussing scaffolding, since it combines increased student independence with close interaction between student and supervisor for an extended period.

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  • 13.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ’I feel really good now!’: Emotions and independence in undergraduate supervision2018In: Learning and Teaching, ISSN 1755-2273, E-ISSN 1755-2281, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within Swedish higher education, there is an explicit focus on the importance of independence, not least in relation to degree projects, which makes it a significant issue within supervision. What student independence comprises and how it may be achieved, however, is rarely discussed, even though the expectations of independence may be a stressful aspect of degree projects for students. This article examines the role emotions may play in undergraduate supervision in relation to student independence, through analysing recorded supervision meetings and focus group interviews with supervisors. Based in a theoretical framework centred on the concepts affective practices, anticipated emotions and anticipatory emotions, it discusses how supervisors handled students’ expressions of fear and anxiety, joy and relief, and how anticipated emotions could be used as a didactic tool.

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    ‘I feel really good now!’ : Emotions and independence in undergraduate supervision
  • 14.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kris i högre utbildning? Skrivande, breddad rekrytering och förmågan att navigera mellan olika epistemologiska fält2020In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 39-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses examples from the media debate on higher education in Sweden, as well as from a research project on independence in higher education, to discuss the significance of class and social background in relation to higher education. The article takes as its starting point how higher education in the media debate tends to be described as being in a severe crisis, and how the roots of the perceived problems in higher education are described to lie in deficits or incompetence of the individual students, but also within higher education itself. The discussion of what role class and social background may play in this, relates these examples to the assignment given to Swedish higher education institutions to promote widening participation and to the claims within the field of academic literacies that academic writing is not only a question of writing skills as such, but also a question of epistemological understandings, meaning making, and students’ background, identity and self-perception.

  • 15.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Kun kaikki ei menekään niin kuin piti: Syylisyyden tunne ja häpeä tutkielmaohjauksessa [När det inte blir som man tänkt sig: Skuld och skam i uppsatshandledning]2020In: Afektit ja tunteet kulttuurin tutkimuksessa [Affects and emotions in cultural research] / [ed] Jenni Rinne, Anna Kajander & Riina Haanpää, Helsingfors: Ethnos , 2020, p. 275-309Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 16.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    “You are going to hate me!”: Ethnological perspectives on the role of emotions in undergraduate supervision2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Working in multidisciplinary research settings often contributes to raising questions around one’s own research practice and disciplinary traditions and habits. Why do we do things the way we do and how may an ethnological perspective contribute to seeing and understanding things in a different way than in other disciplines? This presentation will start from a multidisciplinary project on higher education, where researchers from journalism, Swedish and ethnology cooperate in collecting and analyzing material and also write articles together. The focus of the research project is undergraduate supervision, and in particular how the idea and ideal of student independence, expressed for instance in the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance, is understood and handled by supervisors in journalism and teacher education.

    In my presentation I will concentrate on one of the types of material we have collected within the project, namely recorded supervision sessions, and how this material may be used to examine the role of emotions in undergraduate supervision, particularly in relation to the ideal of student independence. The analysis of the material is based in a theoretical framework centered on the concepts affective practices, anticipated emotions and anticipatory emotions, and focuses on how the participating supervisors handled students’ expressions of fear and anxiety, joy and relief, as well as on how anticipated emotions could be used by the supervisors during the supervision. In the discussion I will also put my ethnological perspective in relation to how researchers from the other disciplines within the project approach the same material.

  • 17.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Academic literacies and international mobility. The organization and supervision of degree projects in Sweden and Russia2020In: Cogent Education, E-ISSN 2331-186X, Vol. 7, no 1, article id 1855770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we will discuss how circumstances and requirements on a micro-level may be of relevance for the conditions for international student mobility within higher education. This will be done through examining similarities and differences in the organization of degree project courses at universities in Russia and Sweden, and how supervisors and course representatives described their experiences of working with them. International mobility is often described as having the potential of improving quality within higher education institutions and benefiting individuals through offering new experiences and perspectives. But the changing of academic contexts, which international mobility involves, demands a great deal of adjustment from the individual student and can be a complicated process.

    Through examining similarities and differences in comparable courses at universities in two countries, this article aims to say something about what characterizes different local academic contexts and thus the differences in expectations students may encounter when going between them, here in particular concerning academic writing and the relationship to the supervisor. The article is based on empirical material from a qualitative research project on journalism education and teacher education in Sweden and Russia, and the discussion will be related to the concept academic literacies.

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  • 18.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Känslors och värderingars betydelse i handledning av självständiga arbeten – två perspektiv2018In: NU2018 - Det akademiska lärarskapet: Abstrakt, 2018, p. 118-119, article id 738Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En central del i det akademiska lärarskapet är att handleda studenter som befinner sig på olika nivåer i sin utbildning. Det kan handla om doktorander på forskarutbildningsnivå, men i och med att en så stor andel studenter skriver ett, eller två, självständiga arbeten under sin utbildning, handlar det oftare om handledning av studenter på grundläggande eller avancerad nivå. Det finns ett antal studier, både nationellt och internationellt, som behandlar olika aspekter av handledning av studenters uppsatser, som exempelvis handledningsprocessen, handledarstilar, och handledares erfarenheter och behov (t.ex. Augustsson & Jaldemark, 2014; Baker, Cluett, Ireland, Reading, & Rourke, 2014; Berg, 2016; Carlson, Svensson, Johannson, & Montin, 2016; Eriksson & Gustavsson, 2016; Kamler & Thomson, 2014; Scholefield & Cox, 2016; Sveen & Magnusson, 2013; Todd, Smith, & Bannister, 2006; Wiggins, Gordon-Finlayson, Becker, & Sullivan, 2016).

    En aspekt av handledningsprocessen, som dock framför allt har diskuterats inom den forskning som finns om handledning på forskarutbildningsnivå, är att känslor och känslomässiga aspekter kan spela en viktig roll i handledning och för doktoranders skrivande (Cotterall, 2013; Doloriert, Sambrook, & Stewart, 2012; Sambrook, Stewart, & Roberts, 2008). En utgångspunkt i denna forskning är som regel att handledaren och doktoranden hinner etablera känslomässiga relationer i och med att en forskarutbildning pågår under flera år, och att det kan påverka skrivprocessen. Även inom forskning om skolelevers skrivande har betydelsen av känslor och värderingar framhållits, till exempel inom det forskningsfält där olika språkliga resurser för att värdera och uttrycka känslor analyseras utifrån ramverket appraisal (Martin & White, 2003). Denna forskning har till exempel visat att skolelevers texter värderas högre när språkliga resurser för att uttrycka värderingar och känslor används (Folkeryd, 2006).

    Men hur är det i handledning av studenter på grundutbildningsnivå? Vilka resurser och strategier knutna till känslor och värderingar används av studenter och handledare i handledningssamtal om självständiga arbeten? Med utgångspunkt i den befintliga forskningen är detta frågor som bör belysas närmare, och i denna presentation ämnar vi göra det ur två olika perspektiv. Det första perspektivet utgår från de bedömningsprocesser som hela tiden pågår i handledningsinteraktionen, och vi analyserar dessa utifrån begrepp som knyts till ramverket appraisal (Martin & White, 2003). Det andra perspektivet utgår från hur handledare och studenter kan använda känslor och känslomässiga uttryck som en typ av handledningsstrategi. Här utgör begreppen anticipated emotions och anticipatory emotions de huvudsakliga analysredskapen (Barsics, Van der Linden, & D'Argembeau, 2016, 219).

    Vårt paper har sin grund i ett pågående, tvärvetenskapligt projekt om självständighet i högre utbildning, där handledning har en central roll (http://www.sh.se/p3/ext/content.nsf/aget? openagent&key=projekt_page_1446544810333 ). Det empiriska material presentationen bygger på, består av inspelad handledningsinteraktion, med handledare och studenter från lärarutbildning och journalistik, vid två svenska lärosäten.

     

    Referenser

    Augustsson, G., & Jaldemark, J. (2014). Online supervision: a theory of supervisors’ strategic communicative influence on student dissertations. Higher Education, 67(1), 19-33.

    Baker, M.-J., Cluett, E., Ireland, L., Reading, S., & Rourke, S. (2014). Supervising undergraduate research: A collective approach utilising groupwork and peer support. Nurse Education Today, 34(4), 637-642.

    Barsics, C., Van der Linden, M., & D'Argembeau, A. (2016). Frequency, characteristics, and perceived functions of emotional future thinking in daily life. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(2), 217-233.

    Berg, D. (2016). Det självständiga arbetet - en plats för emancipation eller automation. Utbildning och lärande, 10(1), 94-108.

    Carlson, V., Svensson, P., Johannson, V., & Montin, S. (2016). Handledare, vägledare eller kontrollant? Utbildning och lärande, 10(1), 20-38.

    Cotterall, S. (2013). More than just a brain: emotions and the doctoral experience. Higher Education Research and Development, 32(2), 174-187.

    Doloriert, C., Sambrook, S., & Stewart, J. (2012). Power and emotion in doctoral supervision: Implications for HRD. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(7), 732-750.

    Eriksson, A., & Gustavsson, S. (2016). Krav, uppmaningar och frågor - en autoetnografisk reflektion över handledning av självständiga arbeten. Utbildning och lärande, 10(1), 70-87.

    Folkeryd, J. W. (2006). Writing with an attitude : appraisal and student texts in the school subject of Swedish. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis.

    Kamler, B., & Thomson, P. (2014). Helping doctoral students write pedagogies for supervision. London ; New York: Routledge,.

    Martin, J. R., & White, P. R. (2003). The language of evaluation: Springer.

    Sambrook, S., Stewart, J., & Roberts, C. (2008). Doctoral supervision . . . a view from above, below and the middle! Journal of Further and Higher Education, 32(1), 71-84.

    Scholefield, D., & Cox, G. (2016). Evaluation of a model of dissertation supervision for 3rd year B.Sc. undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education in Practice, 17, 78-85.

    Schreier, M. (2012). Qualitative Content Analysis in Practice. London & Thousand Oaks: SAGE.

    Sveen, H., & Magnusson, J. (2013). Handledningens vad, hur och varför: interaktionella mönster med fokus på röst. Högre Utbildning (2), 87-102.

    Todd, M. J., Smith, K., & Bannister, P. (2006). Supervising a social science undergraduate dissertation: staff experiences and perceptions. Teaching in Higher Education, 11(2), 161-173.

    Wiggins, S., Gordon-Finlayson, A., Becker, S., & Sullivan, C. (2016). Qualitative undergraduate project supervision in psychology: current practices and support needs of supervisors across North East England and Scotland. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 13(1), 1-19.

     

  • 19.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ’They shouldn’t work all by themselves’: Supervisors’ understandings of student independence in undergraduate projects2018In: NERA 2018 - 46th CONGRESS Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges: Abstracts, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2018, p. 237-238Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “They shouldn’t work all by themselves!” Supervisors’ understandings of student independence in undergraduate projects

    Authors: Maria Zackariasson, professor, Södertörn University & Jenny Magnusson, lecturer, Södertörn University

    That independence is a concept of scholarly interest in relation to higher education, is evident within the research field on independent learning, as well as in research on supervision within higher education (eg Broad 2006; Cukurova et al 2017; Gurr 2010; Lau 2017; Lee 2008). That it also in other ways constitutes a significant concept within the academic context, is evident for instance in how independence in the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance is described as one of the main goals of higher education (Swedish Council for Higher Education 1993).

    At the same time, independence is characterized by a certain conceptual ambiguity, and, consequently, tends to be understood differently in different academic contexts, both nationally, internationally and interdisciplinary. This may pose a problem not least in relation to the supervision of undergraduate projects. In this paper we examine how supervisors understand the concept independence and how their understandings might influence their attitude to and practice of supervision of undergraduate projects. The analysis is based on focus group interviews with supervisors from two education programs, teacher education and journalism, in two countries, Sweden and Russia.

    In our findings we highlight and discuss several understandings of independence that were evident in our material, and in which phases of the undergraduate project these were regarded to be most significant. The theoretical framework for the paper connects to how a number of concepts that are central within higher education, such as criticality/critical thinking, learner autonomy and independent learning, tend to be characterized by conceptual ambiguity (cf Borg and Al-Busaidi 2012; Gardner 2007; Moore 2011). Using Wittgenstein’s ideas on family resemblances, we discuss how the concept independence may be understood in relation to such associated concepts (Wittgenstein 1958).

    The paper is of relevance to Nordic educational research through its focus on a concept that is rarely discussed and defined, even though it is most significant within higher education and for supervisors’ attitudes and didactic choices.

    References

    Borg, Simon, and Saleh Al-Busaidi. 2012. "Teachers’ beliefs and practices regarding learner autonomy." ELT Journal 66(3):283-92.

    Broad, James. 2006. "Interpretations of independent learning in further education." Journal of Further and Higher Education 30(2):119-43.

    Cukurova, Mutlu, Judith Bennett, and Ian Abrahams. 2017. "Students’ knowledge acquisition and ability to apply knowledge into different science contexts in two different independent learning settings." Research in Science & Technological Education:1-18.

    Gurr, Geoff. 2010. "Negotiating the "Rackety Bridge" — a Dynamic Model for Aligning Supervisory Style with Research Student Development." Higher Education Research & Development:81-92.

    Lau, Ken. 2017. "‘The most important thing is to learn the way to learn: evaluating the effectiveness of independent learning by perceptual changes." Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 42(3):415-30.

    Lee, Anne. 2008. "How are doctoral students supervised? Concepts of doctoral research supervision." Studies in Higher Education 33(3):267-81.

    Moore, Tim John. 2011. "Critical thinking and disciplinary thinking: a continuing debate." Higher Education Research & Development 30(3).

    Swedish Council for Higher Education 1993. "The Higher Education Ordinance" Ministry of Education and Research. Accessed 2017-04-11. https://www.uhr.se/en/start/laws-and-regulations/Laws-and-regulations/The-Higher-Education-Ordinance/.

    Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1958. Philosophical investigations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

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