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  • 1.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    The Diversity Paradox: Conflicting Demands on Metadata Production in Cultural Heritage Collections2020In: Digital Culture & Society, ISSN 2364-2114, E-ISSN 2364-2122, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 239-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    What an Image Is2021In: Art Documentation, ISSN 0730-7187, E-ISSN 2161-9417, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 21-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how images are understood inside and outside heritage institutions. It focuses on information specialists in libraries, archives, and museums and on a very specific yet substantial end-user group for visual heritage material: university scholars in the humanities. Based on a survey on the production and use of descriptive metadata, this study discloses that there is an ontological divide between these two groups, and that the extensive production of descriptive metadata does not match the needs and interest of researchers in the humanities, but rather other end users. An increased dialogue is needed between these two groups concerning what metadata should be attached to images. This potentially could lead to a broader and more extended scholarly use of visual heritage material.

  • 3.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Reichert, Ramón
    Kunstuniversität Linz, Österreich.
    Wasielewski, Amanda
    Universiteit van Amsterdam, Niederlande.
    Introduction: The Politics of Metadata2020In: Digital Culture & Society, ISSN 2364-2114, E-ISSN 2364-2122, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 5-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, KarinStockholm University, Sweden.Reichert, RamónKunstuniversität Linz, Österreich.Wasielewski, AmandaUniversiteit van Amsterdam, Niederlande.
    The Politics of Metadata2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design and use of metadata is always culturally, socially, and ideologically inflected. The actors, whether these are institutions (museums, archives, libraries, corporate image suppliers) or individuals (image producers, social media agents, researchers), as well as their agendas and interests, affect the character of metadata. There is a politics of metadata. This issue of Digital Culture & Society addresses the ideological and political aspects of metadata practices within image collections from an interdisciplinary perspective. The overall aim is to consider the implications, tensions, and challenges involved in the creation of metadata in terms of content, structure, searchability, and diversity.

  • 5.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Hansson, KarinSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.Sveningsson, MalinGöteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Maktordningar och motstånd: forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska #metoo-rörelsen samlade under sina första två år (2017–2019) mer än 100 000 deltagare från över 70 olika yrken och samhällsområden. I Maktordningar och motstånd belyser en grupp forskare rörelsen ur olika perspektiv och tecknar en flerdimensionell bild av hur #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige utvecklades i samspelet mellan teknik och kultur, sociala och traditionella medier, och enskilda aktörers initiativ.

    Genom nedslag i olika miljöer visar forskarna hur ett strukturellt förtryck i form av sexism, sexuella trakasserier och sexuellt våld uttrycks och förklaras. De visar även hur förtrycket normaliseras och förstärks i sammanhang som kännetecknas av gränslösa beteenden, maskulinitetsgörande och en utbredd tystnadskultur. Inte minst viktigt framkommer i studien att sexuella trakasserier handlar om maktutövning. Förtrycket blir särskilt tydligt i branscher där många arbetar under prekära omständigheter och där bristen på utvägar ökar risken för de som vågar säga ifrån. Forskningsresultaten visar också hur olika diskriminerande grunder, som till exempel kön, ålder och anställningsform samverkar.

    Boken ger en överblick över den svenska #metoo-rörelsens utveckling samt ger en större kunskap om särskilda riskfaktorer. Författarna pekar även ut strategier för att motverka förtryck och möjliggöra förändring.

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  • 6.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    #metoo – ett tvärsnitt genom samhället2022In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 7.
    Grundell Gachoud, Vendela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Näslund Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sami traces: Diversity and curatorial workarounds in image archives2023In: Digital Approaches to Inclusion and Participation in Cultural Heritage: Insights from Research and Practice in Europe / [ed] Danilo Giglitto; Luigina Ciolfi; Eleanor Lockley; Eirini Kaldeli, London: Routledge, 2023, p. 181-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a study of how metadata shapes the conditions of cultural heritage representation, focusing on Sami images in the online archive of the Swedish National Heritage Board. Datasets from the in-house database Kulturmiljöbild and the social media platform Flickr Commons are gathered and interpreted using cross-disciplinary methods within a framework of critical data studies where participation and performativity are key. The study uncovers how different metadata structures and practices facilitate different narratives that both hide and highlight Sami markers. Four workaround strategies in relation to diversity are identified, i.e., means to resolve or bypass limitations to the spectrum of perspectives expressed in image descriptions: omission, abstraction, translation, and hyperbole. This typology demonstrates how metadata affects diversity by governing image searches online textually and visually, thus contributing important insights into the rhetorical dynamic between interface and infrastructure in archives where dominant narratives are limiting commitments to diversity.

  • 8.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Kungl. Konsthögskolan, Sverige.
    After Work: An introduction2022In: After Work: a book about the meaning of work / [ed] Karin Hansson; Nils Claesson; George Kentros, Stockholm: Ruin förlag , 2022, p. 7-17Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Kungl. Konsthögskolan, Sverige.
    I am not a robot2022In: After work: a book about the meaning of work / [ed] Karin Hansson; Nils Claesson; George Kentros, Stockholm: Ruin förlag , 2022, p. 59-94Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    I am not a robot
  • 10.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Metadata as imaginary demands: Exploring metadata markets in digital heritage with speculative design2023In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural heritage practices is formed by different socio-technical regimes. Today, it is increasingly formed by the regime of commodification, expressed in terms like interoperability and reuse. This signifies a shift from a regime of the authentic object where the value is in the unique object positioned in a particular institutional context. To be able to exploit cultural heritage items on digital markets detached from their position in their original context, large resources are needed to furnish the items with metadata. In this metadata production, the regime of the institution as guarantor for the objects' authenticity, clash with the regime of aggregated trust, where authenticity is confirmed by aggregating data from multiple producers. This article argue that such rich contextual information is what creates long-term value for digital archival objects. In this speculative design project focusing humanities research needs, I therefore turn the attention to the metadata producers. Taking the idea of metadata as a commodity to its peak, I show how we can interpret metadata as a supply to meet imaginary demands. By looking at metadata as imaginary demands we can begin to see the contours of the diverse conceptual models the archives carry.

  • 11.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Visual methods for desire and wonder in the digital heritage2023In: Feminist Review, ISSN 0141-7789, E-ISSN 1466-4380, Vol. 135, no 1, p. 162-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of cultural heritage creates expectations for improved research methods and more diverse and inclusive memory institutions. However, it is difficult to take advantage of the opportunities the quantification might give owing to deficient and inadequate metadata. The diversity of standards and wilfulness in different historical archive practices creates problems when aggregating data from various sources. The ambition to create more diverse and inclusive memory institutions, compensating for the historical lack of justice, also creates the risk of excluding important contexts from the digital collections. To develop research methods that take this archival wilfulness into account, in this study I have used speculative design to explore images from Europeana, the digital archive that aggregates data from memory institutions all over Europe. Instead of seeing this archive as something lacking in terms of shared standards and inclusive vocabularies, I suggest we see Europeana as a queer collection of wilful archival practices, by showing the desires and imaginations represented in the archival context. By contrasting the visual content of an image with the metadata that describes the image, the norms and desires in the archival practice come into focus, as the metadata points out what at the time was considered interesting about an image, and the reason the photograph was taken. Images described as ‘Swedes’, for example, rarely show pictures of Swedes in Sweden. Swedes are described as Swedes when they are outside Sweden. It is the exotic and foreign that are categorised. Most importantly, the person who controls the camera is not in the picture, but the choice of perspective and the metadata description of the image tell us something about the photographer’s and archivist’s will and desires. By visually reversing the perspective and making visible both norms and deviations, I show how one can approach this digital heritage with a methodology of feminist wonder.

  • 12.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Bardzell, Shaowen
    Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.
    Bhandari, Aparajita
    Cornell University, USA.
    Boulicault, Marion
    University of Edinburgh, UK.
    Doyle, Dylan Thomas
    University of Colorado Boulder, USA.
    Erete, Sheena
    University of Maryland, USA.
    Cerratto Pargman, Teresa
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Lazem, Shaimaa
    City for Scientific Research and Technological applications, Egypt.
    Muller, Michael
    IBM Research, USA.
    Normark, Maria
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Petterson, Adrian
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    Poikolainen Rosén, Anton
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Taylor, Alex S.
    City, University of London, UK.
    Thomas, Jakita O.
    Auburn University, USA.
    Watson, Julia
    University of Toronto, Canada.
    A Toolbox of Feminist Wonder: Theories and Methods That Can Make a Difference2023In: CSCW ’23 Companion: Companion Publication of the 2023 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing / [ed] Casey Fiesler; Loren Terveen; Morgan Ames; Susan Fussell; Eric Gilbert; Vera Liao; Xiaojuan Ma; Xinru Page; Mark Rouncefield; Vivek Singh; Pamela Wisniewski, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023, p. 476-480Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This one-day hybrid workshop builds on previous feminist CSCW workshops to explore feminist theoretical and methodological approaches that have provided us with useful tools to see things differently and make space for change. Since its inception over a decade ago, feminist HCI has progressed from the margins to mainstream HCI, with numerous references in the literature. Feminist HCI has also evolved to incorporate other critical HCI practices such as Queer HCI, participatory design, and speculative design. While feminist approaches have grown in popularity and become mainstream, it is getting more difficult to distinguish the feminist emancipatory core from other attempts of developing and improving society in various ways. In this workshop, we therefore want to revisit our feminist roots, where theory is a liberatory and creative practice, motivated by affect, curiosity, and wonder. From this standpoint, we consider which of our feminist tools can make a significant difference today, in a highly datafied world. The goal of this workshop is to; 1) create an inventory of feminist theories and concepts that have had an impact on our work as designers, educators, researchers, and activists; 2) develop a feminist toolbox for the CSCW community to strengthen our feminist literacy.

  • 13.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Kungl. Konsthögskolan, Sverige.
    Claesson, NilsKungl. Konsthögskolan, Sverige.Kentros, GeorgeKungl. Konsthögskolan, Sverige.
    After Work: a book about the meaning of work2022Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Economic stress under wage-earning has been abolished. Machines and AI have taken over dirty, heavy and tedious work. Money and social injustice are banned. All the technological resources of humanity can be used to reset the global economy to harmonize with ecology. Free citizens can spend their time in leisure practicing music, art, and poetry.

    Visions of the future are already here. But is it a utopia that we are seeing materializing around us or a dystopia? What will happen to people when nobody wants their labor? Does there already exist a firm border between those who have a job, with all that it entails in social and economic benefits, and the people that are on the other side of the fence- the people that have to sell their work by the hour, and who in practice are modern slaves under apps and SMS? A division between people who can safely work from home during a pandemic and those who cannot. Is everything for sale? Can you sell voluntary labour? These are some of the questions discussed in the art projects documented in this book.

  • 14.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Decolonizing metadata2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper describes an ongoing speculative design project, that can provide a case for a discussion of design methods for the decolonizing of the western cultural heritage. Our starting point is the representation, or lack of representation, of diverse perspectives in the Swedish cultural heritage, such as for example in the representation of the Sámi – an indigenous Scandinavian people in longstanding conflict with the Swedish state.

  • 15.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    Decolonizing metadata: Speculative design as a way to explore dilemmas2021In: IVMC7: Decolonising Design Abstracts Booklet, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Open research data repositories: Practices, norms, and metadata for sharing images2022In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 73, no 2, p. 303-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Open research data repositories are promoted as one of the cornerstones in the open research paradigm, promoting collaboration, interoperability, and large-scale sharing and reuse. There is, however, a lack of research investigating what these sharing platforms actually share and a more critical interface analysis of the norms and practices embedded in this datafication of academic practice is needed. This article takes image data sharing in the humanities as a case study for investigating the possibilities and constraints in 5 open research data repositories. By analyzing the visual and textual content of the interface along with the technical means for metadata, the study shows how the platforms are differentiated in terms of signifiers of research paradigms, but that beneath the rhetoric of the interface, they are designed in a similar way, which does not correspond well with the image researchers' need for detailed metadata. Combined with the problem of copyright limitations, these data-sharing tools are simply not sophisticated enough when it comes to sharing and reusing images. The result also corresponds with previous research showing that these tools are used not so much for sharing research data, but more for promoting researcher personas.

  • 17.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Feministiska infrastrukturer: #sistaspikenikistan och #skiljagnarnafrånvetet2022In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 303-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 18.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden2024In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 1092-1112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To better understand the interplay between digital activism and feminist infrastructure, this study investigates #MeToo activism in the Swedish construction industry and green industry. Both are industries in transition characterized by a dissonance between formal incentives, that encourage women and others to work in environments previously dominated by white men, and the informal power structures hosting a toxic masculinity. Based on media texts and interviews with key persons from the industries, the article situates #MeToo in a local context and shows how it was embedded in a supportive social, cultural, and technical infrastructure. In both industries, at the time of #MeToo this feminist infrastructure was already in place consisting of: an awareness of the problem of sexual harassment and abuse, knowledge of feminist explanatory models, established feminist online networks, and a supportive feminist culture, which together with widespread digital and feminist literacy became instrumental in the organization of the movement. Social media connected activists and created a critical mass by supporting the uniting of conflicting identity positions around shared differences. The established feminist infrastructure meant that the #MeToo activism, by articulating a widespread affective dissonance, pushed open doors that were already half open and forced them wide. This can explain some of the movement's success in Sweden.

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  • 19.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Näslund Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Choice, Negotiation, and Pluralism: a Conceptual Framework for Participatory Technologies in Museum Collections2022In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 31, p. 603-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an era of big data and fake news, museums’ collection practices are particularly important democratic cornerstones. Participatory technologies such as crowdsourcing or wikis have been put forward as a means to make museum collections more open and searchable, motivated by a desire for efficiency but also as a way to engage the public in the development of a more diverse and polyphonic heritage. However, there is a lack of a nuanced vocabulary to describe participatory technologies in terms of democracy. Without a deeper understanding of how technology shapes the overall structures, there is a risk that the tools instead undermine democratic ambitions.

    Addressing the need to conceptualize democracy in these contexts, we therefore develop a framework for participatory technologies with an eye toward the long-term development and preservation of cultural heritage. In this framework different democratic processes intersect with democratic values, from a liberal conception of democracy to a more deliberative democracy, to an agonistic pluralism emphasizing the importance of acknowledging conflict and diversity.

    To firmly ground our vocabulary in museum collection practices, we have investigated two cases from museums in the US that have opposite participatory strategies for enriching images with metadata; the Smithsonian Transcription Center, and the National Gallery of Art collection on Wikimedia Commons. These cases demonstrate how the framework can be used to identify patterns of participation showing the support for different values and processes.

    Furthermore, our conceptual investigation points out a contradiction in Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) research, between the pluralism and conflicts emphasized in more critical and participatory design perspectives used in the development of design, and the features in the actual design of participatory technologies, emphasizing consistency and access.

  • 20.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Näslund Dahlgren, Anna
    Stockholm University, Sweden .
    Crowdsourcing historical photographs: autonomy and control at the Copenhagen City Archives2022In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of crowdsourcing practices at Kbhbilleder.dk at the Copenhagen City Archives provides a rich description of how motivation and work relations are situated in a wider infrastructure of different tools and social settings. Approximately, 94% of the work is here done by 7 of the 2,433 participants. The article contributes insights into how these super-taggers carry out their work, describing and placing images on a map, through an extensive discursive effort that takes place outside the institution's more limited interface in private discussion forums with over 60 000 participants. The more exploratory qualitative work that is going on in different discussion groups does not fit within the archive's technical framework. Instead, alternative archives are growing within privately owned networks, where participants' own collections merge with images from public archives. Rather than focusing on the nature of participants' motivation, the article suggests a relational perspective on participation that is useful for analyzing a systems' support for participation. Pointing out how people's motivation in citizen science correspond with relational and intra-relational aspects enables an approach to system design that potentially supports or counteracts these aspects.

  • 21.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Department of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University.
    Näslund Dahlgren, Anna
    Department of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University.
    Cerratto Pargman, Teresa
    Department of Computer and System Sciences, Stockholm University.
    Datafication and Cultural Heritage: Critical Perspectives on Exhibition and Collection Practices2022In: Information and Culture, ISSN 2164-8034, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing digitization and the emergenceof new data-sharing practices change our understanding of how cultural heritage is defined, collected, and exhibited. We must pay particular attention to the ways in which digital interfaces curate history. Crowd sourcing, social media, linked open data, and other open science practices challenge the current practices of cultural heritage institutions, owing to the established structures between and within them and the character of the networked publics involved. However, such challenges also open new opportunities for wider negotiations of cultural heritage and rethinking what cultural heritage institutions and practices are. This special issue brings together scholars from different disciplines to provide critically and empirically grounded perspectives on the datafication of cultural heritage institutions’ exhibition and collection practices.

  • 22.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Department of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Näslund Dahlgren, AnnaDepartment of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, Sweden.Cerratto Pargman, TeresaDepartment of Computer and System Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Datafication and Cultural Heritage: Special number of Information and Culture2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pargman, T. C.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Bardzell, S.
    Indiana University, United States.
    Ganetz, H.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sveningsson, M.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Materializing activism2020In: ECSCW 2019 - Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET) , 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Net activism shows how easily available tools allow the organization of social movements to be scaled up and extended globally. These media ecologies enable new forms of power. This one-day workshop gathers researchers focusing on the collaborative efforts within social movements, looking into the socio-technical systems; the organization of activism; the relations between traditional and social media; and the complex network of systems, information, people, values, theories, histories, ideologies and aesthetics underlying various types of activism. The workshop consists of brainstorming sessions where we materialize the intangible and develop our theories and ideas further through a collaborative design process.

  • 24.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Pargman, Teresa Cerratto
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Bardzell, Shaowen
    Penn State University, State College, University Park, PA, USA.
    Materializing activism2021In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 30, p. 617-626Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Online activism showcases how available digital tools allow social movements to emerge, scale up, and extend globally by fundamentally enabling new forms of power. This special issue brings together eight research articles that engage with the collaborative efforts embedded in various types of activism by studying features such as the socio-technical systems involved; how the activism is organized; relations between traditional and social media; and the complex network of systems, information, people, values, theories, histories, ideologies, and aesthetics that constitutes such activisms. The articles show the spaces in which this activism materializes, and particularly their situation in several intersecting dimensions including motivation, culture, language, and infrastructure. Together, these articles reflect the methodological breadth required to materialize online activism and the need to develop a more nuanced conceptualization of the media ecologies involved. By mapping out how activism is enabled and constrained by human-computer interfaces, this special issue contributes to open up the black box of online activism.

  • 25.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Att legitimera en feministisk agenda: #metoo-uppropen i svenska nyhetsmedier2022In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 127-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 26.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    #konstnärligfrihet: reifikation som förtryckshandling och motstrategi2022In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 49-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the autumn of 2017, more than 2,000 female and non-binary artists and designers in Sweden joined forces in the group #konstnärligfrihet [artistic freedom] to share experiences of sexism, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, and to write a joint petition. Using a media timeline and semi-structured interviews, this article aims to situate #metoo in a larger narrative and investigate how sexual harassment within the Swedish art industry is explained and understood by 13 activists and representatives of art institutions.

    Our results show that there is a strong connection between oppression and economic exploitation. The art industry is characterized by precarious economic and social relations, but also by the idea of the genius and elitist ambitions of standing outside the social order and embodying an unexploitable particularity. This combination is crucial to understanding sexual harassment in the industry. A central theme in the interviews was the feeling of grief and frustration of not being allowed to work freely as an artist but forced to constantly navigate invisible but tangible structures. These structures are maintained performatively through various acts of oppression that are part of a reification process, which systematically limits the livability of the exposed identities. During #metoo, this reification process was counteracted and turned against the oppressors themselves through an objectification of “men” as oppressors. Another finding relates to the interviewees’ understanding of sexual harassment as based upon power. Here, the positions of powerful and powerless were not univocal. As power intertwines with desire and vulnerability, oppressive acts can be multifaceted and ambivalent, and take place as part of a dynamic negotiation of positions in the informal economic system.

  • 27.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    #MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback2024In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, a relative consensus of liberal and feminist values has long been dominant in public discourse. This could be observed in coverage of the #MeToo movement, which was largely presented in a positive light by legacy media, where critical voices were instead found on alternative and social media. This article contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the impact of #MeToo beyond the mainstream discourse by investigating how #MeToo was discussed on the online forum Flashback during the period spanning October-December 2017. Our findings show how the #MeToo debate in this forum reproduced an anti-feminist discourse from the manosphere but also challenged it, as attitudes towards sexual harassment were negotiated and reframed in dialogue with mainstream media. #MeToo thus also contributed to an increased awareness about sexual harassment in this context. However, while a feminist agenda was being strengthened in legacy media, the anti-feminist views on Flashback became more pronounced. Interestingly, while the dominant feminist discourse around Swedish #MeToo avoided the concept "feminism", it was often used in this counter discourse on Flashback, where it signified a hated, albeit powerful and transformative, force in society.

  • 28.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 29.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Organizing Safe Spaces: #MeToo Activism in Sweden2021In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 30, p. 651-682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Networked online environments can effectively support political activism. In Sweden, the #metoo movement resulted in over 100,000 people participating in activities challenging sexual harassment and abuse, including collecting testimonies via social media and drafting and discussing petitions published in print news media. Participation involved many risks, such as social stigma, losing one’s job, or misogynist terrorism, which meant that participation required a high level of trust among peers. Human-computer interaction (HCI) research on trust generally focuses on technical systems or user-generated data, less focus has been given to trust among peers in vulnerable communities. This study, based on semi-structured interviews and surveys of participants and organizers of 47 petitions representing different sectors in society, found that trust was aggregated over networks of people, practices, institutions, shared values, and technical systems. Although a supportive culture based on a feeling of solidarity and shared feminist values was central for safe spaces for participation, when activism was scaled up, social interaction had to be limited due to increased risk. HCI research views trust as a process of crossing distances, increasing over time; however, our results reveal that trust decreased over time as the movement grew and public exposure increased, a trend most evident when the participants actually came from a tightly knit community. Therefore, this study points out the significance to balance the need for transparency and community with the need for anonymity and distance in the development of tools to support large-scale deliberative processes that involve conflicts and risks.

  • 30.
    Jonsson, Fatima
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Activism as a pedagogical resource2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text, the promises of activism as pedagogical resource in higher education are discussed. What are the pedagogical promises of activism in higher education? How can we as teachers create a space for activism when designing courses and in our teaching practices? Based on our experience as teachers, scholars, and activists in higher education, we propose that activism could be used as a pedagogical resource that cater for students’ engagement in the “real” world matters. It could be grounded in a pedagogy of hope, community, and collectivism. Activism in higher education is an act of resistance to dominant forces of capitalism, consumption, patriarchy, hyper-individualism and postcolonialism that historically have and still influence higher education. Used as a pedagogical resource it allows us to recognize students as well as ourselves as teachers and scholars as political subjects.

  • 31.
    Normark, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Defending human rights in the era of datafication2023In: AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research, The Association of Internet Researchers , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore how activists and human rights defenders deal with datafication. This work demonstrates how data can be a valuable resource in activism and campaign planning. In addition, data and lack of data also complicate daily life for people in vulnerable positions, for example, when contacting government agencies, schools, and medical facilities . Data from four types of human rights activism formed the basis of our analysis. They include volunteers and employees of NGOs dealing with refugee and migrant issues, homelessness, poverty, sexual minorities, and women's shelters. The study was done in Sweden, where the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) laws limit the handling and storage of personal data. The following five major themes emerge from the analysis of data from our interview study: Affording personal integrity, Data poverty, Protective data practices, Drawing attention to data, and Systems and data routines. In addition, this study shows how activists and the organizations that they support are exposed to contradictory aspects of data; on one hand, deliberately exposing data about marginalized/minoritized groups, while on the other, making sure those groups, along with activists themselves, are not exposed. Most important, the data laws and regulations are not adjusted to the needs of the most vulnerable in society, and therefore, actions of civil disobedience are necessary to care for vulnerable populations through data.

  • 32.
    Näslund Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Crowdsourcing Cultural Heritage As Democratic Practice2022In: Participatory Practices in Art and Cultural Heritage: Learning Through and from Collaboration / [ed] Christoph Rausch; Ruth Benschop;Emilie Sitzia; Vivian van Saaze, Cham: Springer, 2022, p. 39-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural heritage institutions are central for the creation of our common identities and histories, and are thus a cornerstone for democracy. However, they have conflicting roles, as institutions for the free dissemination of knowledge or as gatekeepers of the authorized heritage discourse. They may have historically monitored and marginalized certain groups, yet they can also actively work for a just and pluralistic society. To make heritage collections more open through digitization, participatory methods such as crowdsourcing are put forward, motivated by efficiency but also as a way to create a more diverse and polyphonic heritage. However, there is a lack of vocabulary that puts these different techniques in a wider context of established democratic theories. In this chapter we discuss practices and policies of crowdsourcing in relation to notions of democracy. As argued these participatory technologies can be seen as means to support very different notions of democracy. From our studies of five different crowdsourcing platforms in the US and Denmark, we seek to analyze how these different aspects of democracy are supported, and to develop an analytical model for participatory technologies with long term development and preservation of cultural heritage in mind.

  • 33.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    #deadline och sexuella trakasserier bland svenska journalister: Förklaringar, konsekvenser och strategier2022In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 227-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Sveningsson, Malin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Hansson, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    ”Något annat än ’vem ska hängas ut nu?’”: En innehållsanalys av svenska tidningars rapportering före och under uppropen2022In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 21-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
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1 - 34 of 34
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