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  • 1.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Reportern som ett verktyg för att belysa de andra: Narratologiska konsekvenser av den journalistiska ögonvittnespositionen2015In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, 5-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A reportage is the reporter's story about reality. Even though it details real events, it always presentsa personal interpretation of these events. In contrast to the news article, which primarilyinforms readers, a reportage involves a pronounced degree of personal narration. Normally it is based on the reporter's role as an eyewitness. This essay discusses how the position of the eyewitness establishes narratological structures inthe text, which seem to differ from the structures present in other kinds of non-fiction narrativestold in the first person. For instance, in reading an autobiography, a reader's empathy willbe drawn toward the main character. By contrast, a reportage will direct the reader's empathyaway from the reporter and towards the other. The narratological construction of a reportage may be studied as an interplay between threeinstances: the experiencing reporter, the narrating reporter and the director (the implied reporter).Thus, a three-part model may be utilised in order to help explain, for example, how ahomodiegetic narrator can be combined with external focalisation, and how a character otherthan the experiencing reporter can be internally focalised. It can also illuminate how the textmay employ a form of dissonance between the experiencing and the narrating reporter to serve ajournalistic purpose (displacing the perspective from person – the reporter – to subject-matter).

  • 2.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    A Narratological Approach to Literary Journalism: How an Interplay between Voice and Point of View May Create Empathy with the Other2016In: Literary Journalism Studies, ISSN 1944-897X, E-ISSN 1944-8988, Vol. 8, no 1, 106-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to present a model for analyzing the in- terplay between voice and point of view in literary journalism/reportage. The model can be used to nuance previous researchers’ discussions about “subjective” and “objective” journalism. It also problematizes the reporter’s special role as an eyewitness by highlighting how narrative techniques can create empathy with the Other and move the reader’s gaze away from the reporter, away from the one who is witnessing. Using tools from classical narratology, I focus on the form of the texts. The tools help me investigate the narrator’s as well as the characters’ subjectivity and interpret the narra- tive’s construction as an expression of a journalistic mission. I systematize variables such as the narrator’s visibility, the relation between an experienc- ing reporter and a narrating reporter, the interplay between the experienc- ing reporter and other characters in the text, and in what way a level with a director (an implied author) can facilitate a comparison between vari- ous kinds of literary journalism. I also examine whether it might be time to abandon the theory that a first-person reportage is more subjective in general than a third-person reportage. I explore whether it is instead the narrator’s visibility that determines the position of the text on a scale be- tween “subjective” and “objective” forms. (Note: I have provided a glossary of terms at the end of the essay.)

  • 3.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Att se genom andras ögon: narrativa stretegier för att skapa inlevelse i reportage2014Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Journalism.
    Det tidlösa reportaget2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Narratologia a dziennikarstwo literackie: W jaki sposób wzajemne oddziaływanie głosu oraz punktu widzenia może służyć wytworzeniu zrozumienia dla Innego2016In: Tekstualia, ISSN 1734-6029, no 4, 5-28 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Aarflot, Elin
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Att hitta sig själv bland: sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i ett sexualiserat samhälle2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 7.
    AArskog, Pernilla
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Lange, Annika
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Konkurrensstrategier: En studie om konkurrensen på den svenska kontaktlinsmarknaden2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Strategies for competition – a study of the Swedish contact lenses market.

    Authors: Pernilla AArskog and Annika Lange.

    Background: As a market gets more mature and the competition increases, it is more important for a company to apply the right strategic perspective. There are four fundamental strategic perspectives for a service-oriented business: a core product-, a price-, an image- and a service perspective. This study is a about service management and take its point from the theories from the Nordic School about strategies for competition, customer value, perceived customer quality and customer loyalty.

    Purpose: The main purpose with this study is to analyze and evaluate how the actors at the Swedish market of contact lenses should compete to gain further competitive advantages.

    Method: The study includes four qualitative interviews with two traditional opticians and two Internet based businesses, but also a survey with 106 contact lens users is included.

    Analysis: In the analyse part of this thesis it was concluded that the traditional opticians conception about their customer not agrees with what the customer evaluate as important. Many of the customers have thought about changing their optician, and besides that do not recommend their optician, and can there for not be categorize as loyal customers. The Internet based businesses conception about their customer is more in line with the customer groups about the company and their service. These customers do recommend their optician.

    Result: In the result it can be concluded that the traditional opticians should change to a service perspective as their comprehensive strategic perspective, which means that the relation with the customer is the most important for the company. The Internet bases businesses should continue working from a price perspective since they have huge economy of scales.

    Keywords: Customer value, strategies for competition, perceived customer quality and customer loyalty.

  • 8.
    Aasmundsen, Hans Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Pentecostalism, Globalisation and Society in Contemporary Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Argentina, Pentecostalism had a breakthrough in the early 1980s, and today more than 10 per cent of the population are Pentecostals. The revival coincided with a socio-political transformation of Argentinean society. After half a century of dictatorships and Peronism, democracy was restored, and structural changes paved the way for a certain “autonomisation” of politics, law, economy, science and religion. The "new" form of society that developed resembles what in this study is called a Western model, which to a large degree is currently being diffused on a global scale. This work examines the new religious sphere and how Pentecostals relate to society at large, and the political and judicial sphere in particular.

    Social systems theory and an idea of communication as constitutive of social spheres, such as religious, political and judicial ones, form the theoretical foundation for the study. Methods that have been used are fieldwork, interviews and analyses of written material. It is concluded that evangelisation and transformation are of major concern to Pentecostals in contemporary Argentina and that this follows a global trend. Evangelisation has always been important to, even a hallmark of, Pentecostalism. What has become as important is the urge for transformation, of the individual, the family and society. This leads to increased socio-political engagement. However, Pentecostals do not have a “fixed” idea of how society should be organised, i.e., they do not yet have a full-fledged political theology, a public theology or what could be called a Pentecostal ideology. This is mainly because they experience a lack of “compatibility” between the Pentecostal and the political communication. Their approaches to socio-political concerns seem to be based on an understanding of certain “values” as the fundamental building block of society.

  • 9.
    Aasmundsen, Hans-Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Contemporary Pentecostal-Catholic encounters in Argentina2009In: Global Pentecostalism: Encounters with other Religious Traditions / [ed] David Westerlund, London: I. B. Tauris , 2009, 243-259 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Abadiga, Gidi A
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Neibig, Marcel
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Value vs Growth Stocks: Do Value Stocks Outperform Growth Stocks? Stockholm Stock Markets, 1995-20092012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study tries to examine if investment in value stocks (poor performing stocks) can generate superior returns over investment in growth stocks.

    Historical stock data for stocks traded in Stockholmstock markets are collected from various sources such as Börsguide and Reuters Thomson Ecowin Pro database. Using these and other relevant secondary historical data, stocks were grouped into value and growth portfolios depending on their P/E-multiples for five buy and hold periods which range from twelve months up to sixty months between investment periods 1996 and 2009.

    In each portfolio holding period, different numbers of value and growth stocks, ranging from, for example eleven stocks in period one, to twenty stocks in period five are purchased and held for an initial investment of 20000 SEK at the beginning of each portfolio holding period for the purpose of the study.

    The returns to these investments are computed for three different average return measurements. These are annual Mean Price Returns, Holding Period Returns and Risk-Adjusted Returns for each of the portfolio holding year, for the entire holding periods as well as for the entire portfolio holding periods combined together. Using the spread between these measures, the performances of both value and growth stocks are analyzed.

    When all the five portfolios are combined together and the mean annual rate of returns are computed, value stocks outperform growth stocks by an average of 15.1 % mean annual Risk -Adjusted Return Rate. The result for Holding Period Return is an average of 5.6 % higher than the growth stocks.

    These results indicate that investment made in value stocks identified using historical fundamental data can generate superior returns than growth stocks. Consequently, it can cautiously be argued thatStockholmstock markets appear to exhibit the characteristics of the semi-strong form of the Efficient Market Hypothesis.

  • 11.
    Abbas Alizadeh, Diana
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Den gode läraren: en kvalitativ studie av fyra lågstadielärares syn på den gode läraren och den egna lärarrollen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how the interviewed primary teachers in two schools situated in the Stockholm area understand themselves as teachers in relation to their image of the good teacher. The research questions were: 

    • How do the informants discuss their image of the good teacher? 
    • How do the informants describe their own role as a teacher?

    A qualitative method, by interviews made with four primary teachers, was used to collect data for the examination. The results from the interviews were analyzed and discussed from the theories and earlier research concerning the role of the teacher and what they describe as the good teacher. The theoretical connection of this study was based on the theories of Vygotsky, Piaget, Bruner, Dewey, Dreikurs, Kounin and Glasser concerning the relationship between the role of the teacher and learning. The conclusions of this study was that the four primary teacher’s image of the good teacher match their description of their own role as a teacher, and so does the most of the earlier research on the subject. Teachers must possess a broad competence and contiously control a lot. I believe that teachers’ personal characteristics in some cases can affect the quality of teaching and the pupils’ learning but I think that it is primarily the teacher’s attitude to their professional role and the teaching quality in itself that contributes to learning. An extrovert or humble teacher is not necessarily a better teacher than those who do not have these characteristics, but who carries on a teaching marked by orderliness and commitment. I do not think there is a definitive link between a teaching that contributes to learning and the personal characteristics that are often associated with the good teacher.

  • 12.
    Abbas, Amal
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ledarskap i klassrummet: En kvalitativ studie om hur fyra lärare förhåller sig till pedagogiskt ledarskap2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the attitude of four teachers to leadership in the classroom. The main research questions asked were:

    • What are the teachers` views on leadership in the classroom?
    • What does good versus  bad leadership mean to the teachers?
    • What factors influence the teachers' leadership in the classroom, according to themselves?

    The method used is the qualitative method and interviews, which is my empirical material, I relate to different theories and previous research of leadership.

    The curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre, Lpo 94, says a lot about how both the school and the teacher must pursue a democratic activity; the teacher must have a democratic leadership in the classroom (Lpo 94, s. 5). At school, the pupils should be met with respect, they should feel safe and be motivated to learn. They must constantly develop and have lots of opportunities to experience the joy of making progress (Lpo 94, s. 7).

    A teacher's leadership is all about control and leading students to the goals that are set up and that pupils should achieve. Knowledge and development are the most important factors in school and therefore it is important to find out what different leadership styles that are most successful.

  • 13.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Attitudes and Factual Considerations of Regional Actors Towards Experience Industries and The Tourism Industry: A Swedish Case Study2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 16, no 3, 225-242 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the attitudes towards experience industries and tourism in the Gnosjö region of Sweden. The investigation is based on a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with politicians and chief executive officers (CEOs) within manufacturing industries. The results show that the politicians have more knowledge of experience industries and a more positive attitude towards these new types of industries than the CEOs. Both groups consider both these industries of significance for the region's future. While the politicians believe in experience industries as a whole, and particularly suggest more active work in favour of tourism and design, the second group just welcomes directly and indirectly a possible cooperation with design companies. A minor share of the CEOs is interested in either running businesses with features of experience industries or having a sense of it in their businesses. Despite differences, these attitudes facilitate cross-fertilisation between the manufacturing industry and experience industries in the future. The study suggests that the region needs to develop more knowledge and competence directed towards the experience industries, in particular tourism and design, and a cooperation between the manufacturing industry, local political parties, and enterprises within tourism, design and culture in this respect.

  • 14.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Attitudes towards competence development among employees in Tourism Industry: A Swedish pilot study2016In: Book of Abstracts: 25th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, 28-30 September 2016, Turku, Finland / [ed] Juulia Räikkönen, Ira Lahovuo & Antti Honkanen, 2016, 14-14 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate empirically what attitudes employees in tourism industry have towards participation in publicly funded competence development programmes. Such investigations are lacking in the research on Tourism industry. By competence development here means participation in personal competence development programmes that might have a positive impact on the staff’s learning and on their work places. This impact will be found out through the employees’ subjective perceptions. In this study the terms “competence development programmes” “training programmes” and “skills development programmes” are used as synonyms. Also in accordance with Statistics Sweden terms of “business” and “work place” are used as synonym. The methodological approach used in this study is email-interviews with 12 employees (four women, eight men) that have participated in these programmes during recent years. This includes CEOs, owners, employees and one instructor that also is a business owner himself. A majority of them have academic education and their average working years in the industry is 17. They represent various sub-industries. Their average age is 46 and they mostly come from small sized firms. They participated in different courses that were offered by public organizations for employees and employers, or by private organizations. The courses were paid either by public means, by the firm or by a combination of both. The courses were mostly organized by public organizations but in some cases also by private organizations or a mix of private and public. They expressed that their participation in general had a positive or very positive impact on their workplace, and among others resulted to better knowledge, to acquire a wider network, new ideas, new experiences and opportunities and gave more inspiration, motivation and self-confidence. Concerning effectiveness of courses offered by the public organization the opinions are different; some had no comments about it, some found them very effective, some believed that these courses are effective in some but not in all cases, and finally some believed that courses organized by private organizations are more effective. The largest problems for competence development in the industry are lack of time and money and lack of tailored courses.

  • 15.
    Abbasnejad, Susan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Moaf, Ronak
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Sociala medier i den svenska nyhetsrapporteringen om Iran2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att sociala medier är avgörande för informationsspridning i länder med begränsad yttrandefrihet, men också att sociala medier kan vara svårtolkade samt vilseledande. Syftet med denna intervjustudie var att åskådliggöra relationen mellan sociala medier och traditionell journalistik. Studien fokuserade på svenska journalisters användning och värdering av sociala medier i rapporteringen om den politiska utvecklingen i Iran, under perioden 12 juni 2009 till 11 februari 2010.

    Kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer utfördes med de svenska journalisterna Natalie Besér (DN), Per Jönsson (DN), Said Montazeri (Radio Hambastegi), Mattias Pleijel (TT) och Kinga Sandén (Sydsvenskan). Intervjuerna fokuserade på följande fem specifika händelser: presidentvalets resultat (13 juni, 2009), Khameneis fredagsbön (19 juni, 2009), Neda Soltans dödsskjutning (20 juni, 2009), demonstrationerna under Ashura (27december) och demonstrationerna under revolutionens årsdag (11 februari, 2010).

    Vår analys visar att journalisterna inte var odelat positiva till sociala medier men att de använde sociala medier som källor i varierande utsträckning. Det var också påtagligt att det skedde direkta källhänvisningar till olika sociala medier i journalisternas texter eller inslag. Samtliga journalister kontrollerade den information de hämtade från sociala medier med andra icke-sociala mediekällor för att verifiera korrektheten innan de publicerade informationen. Våra slutsatser är att sociala medier på ett berikande sätt kompletterar traditionell journalistik då de används medvetet och källkritiskt.

  • 16.
    Abdalla, Fardosa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Resistance of Female Stereotypes in The Bluest Eye : Destroying Images of Black Womanhood and Motherhood2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stereotypes and myths are created by media to simplify and mystify reality. The two are used to form negative stereotypical images that are used as tools of social oppression in today’s white patriarchy. This essay will focus on how Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye depicts black womanhood and motherhood and resists the reductive images of black women through the narrative technique. In the text we find the stereotypical images of the Mammy and the Matriarch in the character Pauline "Polly" Breedlove, both simplifying and mystifying black motherhood but also condescending towards African-American family constellations. The text resists these images by making readers inhabit Polly who at first fits in to the two archetypes, only to then give us additional information and use an engaging narrative technique that invites the reader to decide if Polly really is the Mammy and the Matriarch.

  • 17.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Varför religion?: En undersökning av hur eleverna i en skola upplever religionsämnet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Gudsstyre?: En fallstudie av Irans regim2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master´s thesis is to examine which type of regime the state Iran is. There has been much research on this issue and the discussion is not over yet. I have departed from three theoretical perspectives in order to understand which type of regime the Middle Eastern nation is: theocracy, democracy and hybrid regime. The theocratic regimetype is composed by David L. Websters archeological theory about governments ruled by God. For the democratic theory in this study Robert Dahls analytical framework about democracy and polyarchy is used. The hybrid regime is mainly represented by Andreas Schedler indicators. A qualitative case study approach is used for the purpose of this study where I have constructed an analytical framework containing indicators in order to apply these on the three regime models. The results and conclusion I can draw from this study is that Iran is more like a hybrid regime. However, there are several reservations and there need to be more studies to qualify this suggestion.

  • 19. Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Understanding Critical Citizenship and Other Forms of Public Dissatisfaction: An Alternative Framework2012In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, Vol. 3, no 1-2, 179-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 20.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Procedural Fairness and Political Trust Among Young People: Lessons from a panel study on Swedish High School Students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, 253-278 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media and so on) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters and so on) are required for a relationship to emerge.

  • 21.
    Abdlbari, Abdulbari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Parkeringsapplikationen: Utveckling av en mobilapplikation för iPhone.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes procedures and preparations made for developing a mobile application.Using a questionnaire and usability tests, I have developed a design document for a parkingapplication for the iPhone 4. The purpose of the application is to help drivers find allowedparking spaces thus making roads safer for everyone while the driver avoids parking tickets.

  • 22.
    Abdlbari, Abdulbari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Användning av mobilapplikationer i smartphones hos unga vuxna: En fallstudie bland studenter och arbetstagare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nu förtiden har det blivit allt vanligare att människor använder sig av smartphones. I denna uppsats har jag kartlagt smartphone-användares användningsvanor och mönster hos unga vuxna som antingen studerar eller arbetar. För att få fram den information jag behöver har jag valt att använda mig av dagböcker där sex stycken respondenter deltog under en fyra dagars period och även intervjuer där tre av de sex respondenterna var deltagande efter genomförandet av dagböckerna. Mina resultat visar fascinerande nog att smartphones används till största del på platser där användarna är relativt stillasittande som till exempel i hemmet. Dessutom har det visat sig att studenter har en stor användning av applikationer och där med smartphones, ofta i samband med deras studier, speciellt applikationer kopplade till molntjänster.

  • 23.
    Abdo, Stalina
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Solidaritet med svaga och utsatta: En uppsats om elevers syn på om lärare förverkligar detta värde2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund och syfte: De grundläggande värdena,  människolivets okränkbarhet, individens frihet och integritet, alla människors lika värde, jämställdhet mellan kvinnor och män, samt solidaritet med svaga och utsatta är de värden skolan är satt att förmedla. Värdena anses inte ha någon koppling till verkligheten. Det sägs att det är en fråga om att förvandla orden i Läroplanen år 1994 till handling. Värderingarna har diskuterats i sin helhet, det vill säga inget värde har undersökts enskilt. Problematiken i hur dessa värden är formulerade har lyfts fram. Mot bakgrund av detta är syftet med uppsatsen att studera ett grundläggande värde om huruvida elever anser att skola/lärare har solidaritet med svaga och utsatta med praktisk handling.

    Metod: Uppsatsens utgångspunkt är ur ett hermeneutiskt synsätt med en induktiv forskningsansats. Resultatet är en surveyundersökning som bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med elever som går i årskurs nio, i Annersta Skolan, i Flemingsberg.

    Teori: De teorier som utgör uppsatsens vetenskapliga grund är olika definitioner av värdegrunden.

    I teorin lyfts det fram vad olika författare har sagt om värdegrunden och dess problematik. Värdegrunden diskuteras i förhållande till olika situationer. För att identifiera barns situation när det gäller deras inflytande används Amelie Thams bok: En bok om de grundläggande värdena och skolan. För att diskutera mobbning och vad det kan innebära för barn som blir utsatta används boken: Värdegrunden- finns den? av Kennert Orlenius. Värdegrundsboken- om samtal för demokrati i skolan av Gunilla Zackari och Fredrik Modigh används för att lyfta fram elevers rättsliga status samt visa när värdegrunden kommer till uttryck i skolan.

    Slutsatser: Huruvida elever anser att lärare har solidaritet med svaga och utsatta beror på hur pass väl de anser att styrdokumenten har följts. Elever bedömer efter hur deras egen situatíon har hanterats, av skola/lärare, i relation till styrdokumenten. En slutsats som kan dras är att elever bedömer skolans/lärares insatser efter den hjälp de har fått, det vill säga om hjälpen har varit tillräcklig i just deras fall.

  • 24.
    Abdu Mohamed, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Förståelsen av interkulturell pedagogik: En studie om förståelsen före detta Södertörnstudenter har gällande den interkulturella pedagogiken och om de använder den i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a teacher perspective gain insight to the knowledge former Sodertorn teacher students possess of intercultural pedagogy and if they use it at work. The studies main perspective is the intercultural perspective, which has been the study's lead perspective. This study also made use out of a sociocultural perspective as it fits with the intercultural perspective and puts its mark in the study.

    This study has used interviews for data collection. Five former Sodertorn teacher students were interviewed, the interview participants work as teachers. These five teachers’ experiences and statements were the focus of this study, the teachers had to demonstrate their intercultural skills and how they use these skills in their classroom. The study showed that four out of five interviewed teachers use intercultural education, these teachers always try to find students development zones and prior knowledge. Intercultural pedagogy approach for example focuses on the students' culture, knowledge, belongings and background. The four out of five interview participants that use intercultural pedagogy hope that their students get a deeper understanding of people that possess a different culture, religion and background. The four out of five teachers use intercultural strategies and these strategies are considered applicable when it comes to intercultural perspective.

  • 25.
    Abdulahad, Jennifer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nordling, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Inget vågat, inget vunnet: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i riskbenägenhet mellan män och kvinnor utifrån demografiska faktorer och geografiska områden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: This study aims to examine the factors that influence the individual's different choice of risk level. Demographic characteristics are the underlying factors being analyzed in the study with a special emphasis on geographic factors – this in order to analyze and explain the Swedish individual’s approach to risk. Based on certified private advisers’ perspective, the study will also examine their approach to manage individuals’ risk.

    Purpose: Studying the differences in risk aversion among individuals when making investment decisions, based on demographic factors and geographical areas.

    Theory: The essay’s theoretical framework deals with theories covering behavioral finance, the risk appetite development in individuals at a demographic and geographic way, and an overview of previous research on the subject.

    Method: We conducted a quantitative study in which 340 respondents were asked to answer a survey. We also interviewed three certified counselors from three different banks in Sweden.

    Conclusions: In line with behavioral finance theory, people are not rational when making investment decisions. The study concludes that people in big cities tend to be more risk-averse than people in smaller cities. Sex is shown to be a differentiating factor with men having a higher risk-aversion than women. A higher income and level of education leads to a higher risk attitude and marital status affects the risk appetite where a married person has a higher risk appetite than a person who is single. Age and education, showed to have no relationship to the level of risk.

  • 26.
    Abdulahad, Naim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Akdemir, Liliane
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ekonomistyrning i Sigtuna Kommun: Förbättringsförslag på gymnasieverksamheten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gymnasieskolan är för eleverna en avgiftsfri och frivillig skolform. Kommunerna är skyldiga att erbjuda folkbokförda elever som avslutat grundskolan en gymnasieutbildning. Allt fler väljer dock att läsa på andra skolors kommuner. Elever som väljer att läsa på andra skolor har andra ersättningskostnader. Detta gör det svårt att budgetera för hur fördelningen av resurser blir för året. Sigtuna kommun förväntar sig ett underskott i en av nämnderna under kommunfullmäktige under året. Denna prognos baseras på ett delårsbokslut den sista augusti för Arlandagymnasiet där ett underskott på 2.5 miljoner kronor upptäcktes. Underskottet väntas bli 10 miljoner kronor till årsslutet. 6 Problemet idag börjar när kommunernasövergripande strategier, mål och visioner bryts ned på verksamhetsnivå. En modell för den ekonomiska styrningen inom nämnden är idag avsaknad eller inte fullgod.

    Frågan som ställs i denna uppsats är; hur kan den strategiska ekonomistyrningen för gymnasieverksamheten i utbildnings- och arbetsmarknadsnämnden i Sigtuna kommun förbättras utifrån givna ekonomiska ramar från kommunfullmäktige? KSL(Kommunförbundet Stockholms län) har tagit fram en kalkylmodell för beräkning av programkostnader inom gymnasieskolan. Syftet med modellen är att alla kommuner ska beräkna interkommunala ersättningar på samma sätt. Sigtuna kommunen blandar även den interkommunala ersättningen med anslagen gymnasieledningen får. Dessa ska och bör vara uppdelade då detta inte ger en rättvisande bild, eller något att bygga utifrån enligt gymnasiechefen. Det främsta styrverktyget de använder sig av är budgeten, som man enligt kommunallagen måste upprätta. Ett förslag är att använda sig av riktade resultatkrav ibudgetarbetet, detta vilket ger en bättre överblick över vilka enheter som behöver komma i ekonomisk balans. Ett annat förslag är att jobba mer med fler nyckeltal som implementeras och följs upp på verksamhetsnivå.

  • 27.
    Abdulwahab, Farah
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ledarskap i klassrummet: Demokratiskt eller auktoritärt2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to examine how teachers view their leadership, how leadership is used and developed, and what kind of perceptions teachers have of leadership and how it is important to their students.

    My questions are: 

    • In what ways can the teachers develop their leadership?
    • In what ways can the teachers make use of leadership in the classroom?
    • What do the teachers in the study consider to be a good leadership?
    • What do the teachers inte the study think of their leadership and its´ importance to students?

    The study uses a qualitative research method and consists of interviews with four teachers working in a school south of Stockholm. The results of the study shows that teachers´ leadership in the classroom has a significance for students´ learning and development. The teachers´style of leadership should not be static and should be adapted to students´development level. The results also shows that teachers´ leadership in the classroom is about various tasks. The conclusions are that the teacher in her/his leadership needs to be democratic and allow students to affect the activities in the classroom, but also use an authoritarian leadership to get an effective classroom.

  • 28. Abe, Sarah Krull
    et al.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Roberts, Bayard
    Richardson, Erica
    Abbott, Pamela
    Rotman, David
    McKee, Martin
    Changing patterns of fruit and vegetable intake in countries of the former Soviet Union2013In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 16, no 11, 1924-1932 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29. Abels, Gabriele
    et al.
    Braun, Kathrin
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Gender studies.
    Feministisch-politologische Perspektiven auf Biomedizinpolitik: Einleitung2003In: Österrreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, ISSN 1615-5548, Vol. 32, no 2, 125-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    PolitologInnen sind in der gegenwärtigen kontroversen Debatte zur Biomedizinpolitik sowohl mit wissenschaftlichen Analysen als auch als ExpertInnen in einschlägigen Beratungsgremien erstaunlich abwesend. Dabei könnte die Politikwissenschaft mit ihren unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen wichtige Beiträge zur Erforschung von Biomedizinpolitik leisten. Für das Fehlen kann ein Bündel von Faktoren identifiziert werden, von der Spezifik des Politikfeldes über methodologische und theoretische Orientierungen der Politikwissenschaft bis hin zu wissenschaftspolitischen Motiven. Ein zentraler Grund ist die Überschneidung dreier Themen- und Problemfelder, die im politikwissenschaftlichen Mainstream tendenziell als außerpolitisch gelten und/ oder in unzureichender Weise theoretisch erfasst sind: Körper, Ethik und Naturwissenschaften/ Technologie. Feministische Politikwissenschaft ist in verschiedener Hinsicht für die Analyse von Biomedizinpolitik besser gerüstet, da sie mit der Analyse von Körperpolitik und mit normativen Fragen Erfahrungen hat.' (Autorenreferat)

  • 30.
    Abeshi, Flavja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Mortimer, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Situationsanpassat ledarskap inom kunskapsföretag: En studie inom läkemedelsbranschen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva ledarskapet i kunskapsintensiva företag med avseende på hur den situationsanpassade ledarskapsmodellen påverkat utformningen av deras interna chefsprogram och vad det finns för stöd för cheferna i deras ledarroll. Studien är baserad på en fallstudie av tre stycken läkemedelsföretag där vi intervjuat totalt nio personer, en HR- ansvarig och två mellanchefer på respektive företag. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer där det är intervjusvaren som ligger till grund för resultatet. I studien framkom det att alla tre företagen använder situationsanpassat ledarskap men att de tillämpar detta på olika sätt i organisationen och att ledningen och företaget använder modellen när de ska anpassa sig efter individen och situationen. En kunskapsintensiv organisation kännetecknas av självgående individer som kan vara svåra att styra och därför är det viktigt att en chef kan hantera detta och anpassa sin ledarstil utifrån den enskilda individens behov. Utifrån analysen visade det sig att respondenterna ser situationsanpassat ledarskap som något som återkommer i allt ledarskap.

  • 31.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Longing and hope: The present and future for young Moldovan women2014In: Post-Communist Transition and Women's Agency in Eastern Europe / [ed] Cynthia Simmons, Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Världens mest jämställda land?2014In: Det långa 1990-talet: när Sverige förändrades / [ed] Ivarsson Westerberg, Anders, Waldemarson, Ylva, Östberg, Kjell, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, 1, 319-351 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Young Moldovan Women at the Crossroads: Between Patriarchy and Transnational Labour Markets2014In: The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender / [ed] Götz, Norbert, Huddinge: Södertörn University , 2014, 269-289 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    "Som en i familjen": invandrade kvinnor i turkiska hushåll2013In: Arbete & Jämställdhet: Förändringar under femtio år / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Kirsti Niskanen, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2013, 133-159 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Brinner "förorten"?: Om sociala konflikter i Botkyrka och Huddinge2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bil- och containerbränder, stenkastning mot bussar, brand i en skola och en nedbrunnen restaurang. Så var läget i Botkyrka och Huddinge under några dagar i maj 2013. Det talades om kaos, ungdomsgäng, och attacker av högerextrema grupper. Det gjordes jämförelser med händelserna i Husby som startat två dagar tidigare. Civilsamhället reagerade snabbt och nattvandringar med föräldrar och andra vuxna organiserades. Myndigheternas krisberedskap var inte utvecklad och det hela uppfattades ibland som ”en blixt från klar himmel”. Poliskårens dubbla uppgift i form av närpolisens välvilliga kontakt och kravallstyrkornas repression väckte starka reaktioner som personal på ungdomsgårdarna fick hantera, och sedan uppmanades att inte tala om.

    Vilka lärdomar kan vi dra av dessa händelser? Hur kan begreppet ”förort” ge kunskap om civilsamhället i bred bemärkelse?

    I detta vittnesseminarium Brinner ”förorten”? berättar aktörer som var direkt inblandade vad de såg och hur de uppfattade händelserna på lokal nivå.

  • 36.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    När blev vården marknad?: Vittnesseminarium i Almedalen2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Jag letade efter en mordängel och jag hittade en prislista.” Orden är journalisten Marciej Zarembas, en av deltagarna på det vittnesseminarium om vårdens marknadisering som hölls i Almedalen sommaren 2013 och som återges i denna skrift.

    Marciej Zaremba, som hittat närmare 2 500 virtuella avtal och en modell av företagsliknande styrformer inom den offentliga vården, är övertygad om att prislistor, beting och vårdgarantier styckar upp vården i moment och diagnoser utan hänsyn till faktisk tid och resursåtgång, hänsyn till patentens behov eller vårdens kvalitet och utgång.

    En annan av seminariedeltagarna, Klas Eklund, professor i nationalekonomi, menade istället att problemen handlade om patienters bristande valfrihet, statens ekonomiska problem och dåliga styrsystem i vården. De skulle lösas genom att vården drevs som ett företag med interndebitering och prislistor. Där skulle personalens initiativ kunna tas till vara och den solidariska sjukvårdsmodellen försvaras.

  • 37.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholm University.
    Tweens negotiating identity online: Swedish girls and boys write about their online experiences2013In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 16, no 8, 951-969 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Tweens negotiating identity online2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Tweens konstruerar identitet online: flickors och pojkars erfarenheter av sociala medier2013In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, no 1/2, 10-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Abid, Fatima
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    ”Jag kommer aldrig säga att jag är svensk”: En kvalitativ studie kring sex elevers förhållning till sin flerspråkighet och hur den har påverkat synen på dem själva och deras identitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how six students who attend a high school relate to their multilingualism and emphasize how their multilingualism has affected their views of themselves and their identity. The fundamental questions were:

    • How do six students who attend a secondary school relate to their multilingualism?
    • How has students' multilingualism affected their views of themselves and their identity?

    I did use a qualitative research method in terms of interviews to receive answers for my inquiries.

    Carla Jonsson (2010) speaks inter alia about “the third space” which concerns adolescents creating a “third room”. Almqvist (2006) believes that adolescents that are exposed to discrimination and prejudices can lead to them turning their backs on society in disappointment. Boyd (1985) has, in his thesis, found that multilingual students communicate with the majority language and with their mother tongue with their parents. Sjöqvist & Lindberg (1996) believe that people gain access to other cultures through their multilingualism which leads to new ways of thinking.

    The result of my investigation showed that the informants were in favor of their multilingualism and they see it as a benefit. The informants have created their own identity by combining their homeland’s language with the majority language. They see themselves as a resource for the society.

  • 41.
    Aboubakri, Shahla
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetsprocessen inom organisationen:En kvalitativ studie ur ett genusperspektiv2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality within an organization is the main theme of this essay. The purpose is to examine gender equality and gender distribution within NA, that is a multicultural organization with a long history. The study comprises of in-depth interviews, and observations. These were made to elucidate the work on gender equality within the organization. I, then, developed this survey-analysis based on theoretical perspectives of gender equality, gender, diversity, as well as attitudes, plus earlier research on gender equality objectives. My results show that NA has no gender equality objectives, but they consider that equality already exists in the organization.

  • 42.
    Abraham, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är ju bara retorik!: Intention eller effekt, i relation med Perelman2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That´s mere rhetoric! Rhetoric, which always occurs in discourses where questions of ethics is important, has since ancient times been accused of being an immoral and a value-neutral art that seduces people with flattery and what they want to hear with no interest in presenting the truth to the audience. Plato's condemnation of this practice was tough and Plato's works Gorgias and Faidros have since represented the relationship between rhetoric and philosophy; rhetoric that is described as the semblance of an art [pseudos] while philosophy stands as the search for truth. In my work I want to present the relationship between rhetoric and ethics by reading Charlotte Jørgensen and Barbara Cassin interpretations of Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrecht-Tyteca, and examine the consequences of this approach may have for rhetorical criticism.

  • 43.
    Abraham, Simona
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Bjerstedt, Victoria
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Det våras för uppror: Om bevakningen av Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen år 2011 i Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie om den svenska dagstidningsrapporteringen om inledningen av den arabiska våren i Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen under år 2011. Vår utgångspunkt är de tolv klassiska nyhetsvärderingsteorierna, med tyngd på geografisk, kulturell och ekonomisk närhet.

    Uppsatsen syfte är att få bättre kännedom om likheterna och skillnaderna i den svenska rapporteringen från de tre länderna Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen. Vi undersöker två veckor för varje land i Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet. Vi har valt att se tidningarna som en gemensam portal för den svenska internationella mediebevakningen.

    Vi har gjort en kvantitativ undersökning, när rapporteringen av upproren började, hur den såg ut och vilka källor man valde att lyfta fram. Vi valde också att göra en mindre kvalitativ intervjuundersökning för att förstå förhållandena för de svenska utrikesreportrarna. Resultatet av analysen visar många likheter mellan länderna. Majoriteten av källorna var andra nyhetsbyråer. Största skillnaden var hur man skapade närhet till händelserna i de olika länderna. I Egypten så fokuserade journalisterna mer på att lyfta fram svenskarna i upproret och att ta upp vardagsproblem som publiken kunde identifiera sig med, till exempel att maten började ta slut i butikerna eller känslan över att demokratiska rättigheter var hotade. Tunisiens rapportering var mer folkorienterad medan artiklarna om Libyen hade mer fokus på elitpersoner. Den arabiska våren påverkade resten av världen både ekonomiskt och politiskt vilket gav ett högt nyhetsvärde i tidningarna.

  • 44.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Österberg, Helena
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Bevingad service?: En fallstudie av företaget Ving och dess kunder2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to compare if a charter company's attitude and vision of service can be reconciled with the attitudes and visions that the customers have in the same area. In order to carry out the study a qualitative approach is used. The data has been collected by interviews, focus groups and observations. The framework is theories on the subject of customer satisfaction, quality of service at customer meetings, Self-Service technologies, quality assurance and gap in service.

    The study has concluded that the approach to service is relatively equal between the company and customers, but the future visions differ. Focus group participants have been thinking bigger and further into the future, while the company focuses more on specific functions. A service feature that is demanded by both the company and the customers are the development of apps to mobile phones.

  • 45.
    Abrahamsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Pang, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Applicerbarheten i Modigliani och Millers teorem 50 år senare: en empirisk studie av svenska och amerikanska företag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att testa Modigliani och Millers teorem i praktiken, samt undersöka om svenska och amerikanska företags val av kapitalstruktur har någon påverkan på deras företagsvärde och avkastning på eget kapital.

    Uppsatsen har använt sig av en kvantitativ ansats där regressionsanalys och hypotesprövning har utförts för att mäta sambandet mellan variablerna.

    Franco Modigliani och Merton Millers teorem om kapitalstruktur visade att valet av finansiering har betydelse för ett företags värde. Ett företag finansierat med skulder blir på grund av skattereduktioner högre värderat än ett obelånat företag.  

    Svenska företag visar ett relativt starkt samband mellan skuldsättningsgrad och P/BV till skillnad från de amerikanska där det inte förekommer ett samband. Både de svenska och amerikanska företagen visade ett klart samband mellan skuldsättningsgraden och avkastning på eget kapital, samt ett samband mellan företagsvärde och avkastning på eget kapital.

     

  • 46.
    Abrahamsson, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Mora, Richard
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Högutbildade ekonomistudenters minskade intresse för eget företagande: En studie av Företagsekonomistudenter på Södertörns Högskola2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    To benefit the economic growth of a country, it is important for the inhabitants to make the decision to become business owners. Sweden today, apart from the rest of Europe, is facing a growing problem. The numbers of companies are growing, but the numbers of company owners are not. As a result of this, the employment is not able to develop under the same conditions, when the opportunities of employment decrease. Research shows, that the interest for owning a company among the Swedish youth has increased. However, it has not increased amongst the young and highly educated people. During a time where the numbers of college educated people are increasing and to that, the long-term educational programs are becoming more common, this becomes a serious problem for the future of Sweden. Among the young and highly educated there are the business graduates, which in theory are considered to possess the knowledge it takes to become the company owners of the future.

    The aim with this thesis is to, with a quantitative study, analyze the entrepreneurial propensity among highly educated business students. To fulfil the aim we will investigate five different variables; gender, family background, ethnical background, knowledge and experience and experienced risk. To collect this information we are searching for both quantitative and qualitative information.

    The implemented survey of 77 highly educated business students at Södertörns University College shows that the entrepreneurial propensity amongst the students is low. A difference can be seen between the students that are positive and the students that are negative to starting their own business. Amongst the students that are positive one can see that the propensity is higher in the variables of knowledge and experience and experienced risk. Furthermore, the results of the survey research show that family background and ethnical background have the least relevance to the entrepreneurial propensity.

    The conclusion explains the underlying factors that show that the reason why highly educated business students choose to become an employee rather then starting their own business is their low entrepreneurial propensity. What affects the students low entrepreneurial propensity and therefore their choice not to start their own business is the lack of knowledge in the area, both theoretical and practical. A larger practical knowledge leads to a decrease in the experienced risk relating to starting a business, which is the second important factor to why students choose employment rather than a business of their own.

  • 47.
    Abrahamsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    En utvärdering av synthesizern OP-1 utifrån ett användbarhetsperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on results given from usability testing of the synthesizer OP-1 developed by the company Teenage Engineering. The study has involved potential end users during the development process and aims only to look at the first experience the user gets from the interaction with the synthesizer. The meaning of the usability tests is to find out how the user can understand how to use OP-1, how intuitive the different modes are and how this affects the initial user experience.

    Nine people, out of a total amount of fourteen asked, participated in these usability tests. The selection of participants is based on their previous knowledge and experience of synthesizers. The theoretical frame of reference includes Jonas Löwgren and Erik Stoltermans theories of use qualities and are combined with chosen parts of Donald Normans ” Seven Stages of Actions as Design Aids”.

    The shown results indicate that the users quickly understand how to use the basic modes and features of the synthesizer. All of the participated users think OP-1 is entertaining, finds the design of OP-1 attractive and appriciates its portability, in which they see potential for both travelling and live performances. The users do not always fully understand the graphical elements but reckon that it is not always necessary to, neither in the display, nor on the buttons, since this clearifies after further usage. The users show some difficulties interacting with functions such as the pattern sequencer and some editing in tape mode. The users also sometimes show difficulties determining which mode the synthesizer is in.

    All of the usability tests were performed on a pre beta version of the OP-1. The final version of the synthesizer has been updated with changes influenced by the results of this report.

     

  • 48.
    Abrahamsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Gullberg Husberg, Deseré
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Hon är min" ... fast egentligen inte: En komparativ genusanalys av fyra karaktärer i Sookie Stackhouse Series2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comparative analysis between two books from the Sookie Stackhouse series by Charlaine Harris. We chose to work with book 1 - Dead Until Dark and book 10 - Dead in the Family. Our analysis is based on a gender perspective, using the litterature we present in previous research and theory. The aim for the thesis was to examine how gender and sexuality is portrayed in the books. In addition, we have looked at how the books represent gender norms in society through their characters and if named characters change throughout the series. We have applied comparative analysis and Nikolajeva's scheme on stereotypical males and females in litterature. We chose to analyse the four main characters - Sookie, Bill, Eric and Sam. In our analysis we discuss how the balance of power between the characters is portrayed as well as their gender and sexuality in relation to each other.

    Our analysis indicate that the characters are mainly portrayed with stereotypical gender norms and the comparison between the two books shows us no or very little development of named norms. Moreover, we observed that Sookies female gender is portrayed in relation to the three male characters, Bill, Eric and Sam. In addition, the male characters gender is also described in relation to the female character. Our analysis through Nikolajeva´s scheme depicts the characters in all categories of stereotypical gender roles. Sookie could often be categorized as a normative female whilst Bill and Eric in majority were categorized as normative males. Sams character was the only one to portray both female and male characteristics. This was depicted in both books. Further more, the male genders were portrayed similar in both books although the characters were mentioned more regularly in book 1 compared to book 10. Conclusively, we discussed how the books can be used in class to teach about gender, sexuality and norms. Lastly, we stressed what the positive and negative outcomes for teachers may be and what we think is important in class not to emulate stereotypical gender roles.

  • 49.
    Abrzid, Muhamad
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Godstransport mellan kvalitets- och priskonkurrens2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Abukar, Aliya
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Alhaddad, Noora
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bild- och formskapande i förskola och förskoleklass2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our graduate work is to study the importance of image and shape’s in children's development and learning and also the preschool teacher’s views on image and shapes. Our research aims to explore the value of image and shapes creation and how it is expressed among children and in classroom activities. We are also interested in finding out how it differs from adults' views and what materials teachers use to promote the image and shapes creation in the curriculum. In our own experience, image and shapes activities are often structured differently in different curriculum activities. We therefore want to study how certain preschools work with image and form creation with children in preschool. We have performed the study through five qualitative interviews with preschool teachers and four observations on three different preschools in Stockholm.

    The main theory of the extension of our work is about Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective. We will find out about how according to the sociocultural perspective children can develop learning. The conclusion we have reached is that the preschool teachers interviewed seem to agree greatly with each other about how image and shapes creation affects for children's development and learning. Although there were some minor differences, for example, if the children learned by imitating each other in creative work. But in this part it was just one preschool teacher who differed from the others' vague.

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