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  • 1. Adams, Jon
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    From Flagships to Fluits: Connections in the development of Maritime Archaeology2020In: Aktuell marinarkeologi: Texter från ett seminarium på Vasamuseet och Sjöhistoriska museet, Stockholm, 13–14 maj 2019 / [ed] Rune Edberg; Niklas Eriksson, Stockholm: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Stockholms universitet , 2020, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). University of Southampton.
    Experiencing Shipwrecks and the Primacy of Vision2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 85-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, JohanSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shipwrecks are a key site-type for maritime archaeological research and their investigations have been prominent in the subject’s development over the last sixty years. At one time their value was often squandered, with anything from cursory surveys to total excavations being undertaken for the same reason George Mallory suggested that mountains were climbed: because they were there. Today it is recognised that the remains of wrecked ships, through their distribution in time and space, their variety and their complexity, comprise one of the richest forms of archaeological source material. This volume brings together researchers who explore the ways in which ships can be understood and interpreted as material culture through their wreck sites, focusing on ships as artefacts, as agents, as technology, as society, as ideology and as symbols, as well as on what they carried and the people who sailed on them. Collectively they show that shipwrecks are not just the preserve of nautical specialists but have wider implications for the understanding of human action and past societies.

    The editors: Jonathan Adams is a Professor of Archaeology at the University of Southampton and the founding Director of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology (CMA) and Johan Rönnby, Professor of Archaeology and Director of the Maritime Archaeological Research Institute (MARIS) at Södertörn University. 

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  • 4.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Landscapes, Seascapes and Shipscapes2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5. Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    One of His Majesty's 'Beste Kraffwells': the wreck of an early carvel-built ship at Franska Sternarna, Sweden2013In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 103-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report recent fieldwork on an early-16th-century wreck in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden. The discovery not only provides new insights into early carvel shipbuilding and its adoption across northern Europe but manifests the changing role of ships and the nature of power and agency in the process of state formation at the dawn of the modern world. (C) 2012 The Authors

  • 6.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Consequensces of New Warships: From Medieval to Modern and our Dialectical Relationship with Things2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 163-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Danish Griffin: The Wreck of an Early Modern Royal Carvel from 14952022In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 46-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the waters of the Southern Baltic, off the island of Stora Ekön, lies the wreck of a ship lost in 1495 belonging to King John (Hans) of Denmark (1455–1513). This paper draws on the archaeological investigation of the site since 2013 and summarizes previous archaeological and historical research. In its design, construction, and weapons technology the ship is both a rare example of a large carvel-built ‘great ship’ from the final phase of the Middle Ages and, in its role as floating embassy, a manifestation of socio-political processes of change that transitioned medieval Europe to a global, maritime world.

  • 8.
    Arnshav, M.
    et al.
    Swedish National Maritime Museums, Sweden.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Submarines in the silent world: Exploring films as an archaeological record2017In: Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, ISSN 2051-3429, E-ISSN 2051-3437, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 19-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The wrecks of two Soviet submarines, the S7 and the SC-305, were discovered by private wreck-searching teams in 1998 and 2007 respectively. For more than half a century the whereabouts of the wrecks had remained a mystery. Drawing from the case of the two sunken Second World War submarines, this paper addresses the archaeological significance of moving-image documentation produced in non-archaeological contexts as a tool for interpreting the sites. What kind of research can archaeologists, denied direct access to a site, conduct through the use of film documentation gathered by nonarchaeologists? Is it possible to use films produced by divers or marine survey teams (non-archaeologists) to interpret underwater sites? Can film be considered an archaeological documentation method, and how can data gathered in this way be handled and interpreted? Moreover, how does the distance created though lack of physical contact with sites and the non-professional gathering of data affect the research and analysis? Our work indicates that using already existing film and photographic material, created for purposes other than archaeological documentation, can be a valuable source material for understanding past events as well as how archaeological sites are experienced today. We found that working with material created by non-archaeologists had limitations, but it also opened up a whole new set of opportunities of viewing and understanding the sites. 

  • 9.
    Arnshav, Mirja
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Swedish National Maritime Museum.
    From Wreck to Heritage – a Matter of Time?2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 140-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Arnshav, Mirja
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). The National Maritime Museum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Freedom of the Seas: Untapping the Archaeological Potential of Marine Debrisis2014In: Journal of Maritime Archaeology, ISSN 1557-2285, E-ISSN 1557-2293, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Arnshav, Mirja
    et al.
    Sjöhistoriska museet.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Stalins ubåtar: En arkeologisk undersökning av vraken efter S7 och SC-3052015 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 1942 attackerades och sänktes två sovjetiska ubåtar av finska ubåtar i Ålands hav. Ett drygt halvsekel senare hittades vraken, som visade sig vara de saknade ubåtarna S7 och SC-305.

    I Stalins ubåtar visas att arkeologin kan bidra till en djupare förståelse av livet och döden ombord på de bägge ubåtarna. Med utgångspunkt från undervattensfilm diskuteras hur ubåtarna sett ut, hur man rört sig på skrovet och inte minst vad som hände när de gick under. Därutöver diskuteras också möjligheterna att arbeta med film som källmaterial.

    Inom svensk arkeologi är det första gången vrak från det nära förflutna studeras i egenskap av fysiska lämningar. Genom att kombinera samtidsarkeologiska och marinarkeologiska perspektiv och tillvägagångssätt visas på nya möjligheter att forska kring yngre vrak.

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    Stalins ubåtar: En arkeologisk undersökning av vraken efter S7 och SC-305
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  • 12.
    Björdal, C.G.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Evaluation of in situ preservation method applied at a terrestrial archaeological shipwreck site by use of sacrificial wood samples installed for 25 years2023In: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, ISSN 0964-8305, E-ISSN 1879-0208, Vol. 176, article id 105528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1995 remains of a 13th century shipwreck, “the Kronholmen cog”, was discovered in sandy soil at a golf green on the island of Gotland, Sweden. Prior to backfilling and in situ preservation, four sacrificial wood samples (SWS) of sound pine sapwood were installed for long-term monitoring of wood decaying processes. In year 2020, the site was re-opened to evaluate the protective nature of the site. All SWS and six archaeological samples were taken for a comparative analysis. Observations by light- and scanning electron microscopy showed severe microbial decomposition by fungi and bacteria. Based on occurrence of decay forms in the wood fibres, soft rot (SR) was identified as the main degrader of both SWS and in the first 2 cm of the heavily eroded archaeological material, accompanied by bacteria (type tunnelling bacteria (TB)). Moderate decay by bacteria (type erosion bacteria, EB) in archaeological samples indicated longer period during the last 700 years under waterlogged and anaerobic condition – e.g., protective. Only initial decay of erosion bacteria (EB) was observed in SWS, strongly indicating a non-protective environment during the last 25 years. Severe brown rot decay was established in SWS and archaeological wood located in the front of the wreck where burial conditions were most critical (0.5 m above groundwater level, and 0.4 below soil/air interface). Here, a total of 0.50 cm surface layer of SWS was lost, yielding an initial decay rate of 20% in 25 years. In general, surfaces were heavily attacked especially for archaeological samples, and plant roots penetrated the soft and degraded surface layer. We conclude that the site since backfilling in 1995 has been semi-oxygenated and has promoted more severe fungal decomposition of cultural heritage. Thus, the site is not able to protect and preserve the precious archaeological remains for future generations and actions must be taken. SWS are concluded to be an important technique for long term monitoring of archaeological sites preserved in situ.

  • 13.
    Bolin, Hans
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Irskog, Siiri
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Lärarhandledning för SFI-undervisning i kulturmiljöer2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna lärarhandledning har tagits fram som del av forskningsprojektet Kulturmiljörelaterad SFI, ett samarbete mellan Södertörns högskola, Blekinge museum och Stockholms stad.

    Handledningen vänder sig till SFI-lärare som vill lägga en del av sin undervisning utomhus i relation till den närliggande kultur- och naturmiljön. Här presenteras exempel på utomhusundervisning som på ett enkelt sätt kombinerar språkinlärning med omvärldskunskaper.

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  • 14.
    Dimitrov, Kalin
    et al.
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria; Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Bachvarov, Kroum
    University of Connecticut, USA.
    Georgiev, Pavel
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Draganov, Vesselin
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    ПОДВОДНИ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИ РАЗКОПКИ (РАННА БРОНЗОВА ЕПОХА, АНТИЧНОСТ, ОСМАНСКИ ПЕРИОД) В ЗАЛИВА ПРЕД УСТИЕТО НА Р. РОПОТАМО, ОБЛ. БУРГАС: [Underwater archaeological excavations (Early Bronze Age, Antiquity, Ottoman period) in the sea bay at the mouth of Ropotamo river, Burgas region]2020In: Archaeological discoveries and excavation, ISSN 1313-0889, no 1, p. 369-376Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2019, the third season of renewed underwater archaeological excavations took place in the bay between CapeSt. Dimitar (Skombolito) and the mouth of Ropotamo River (fig. 1). The work was conducted in two stages (June – early July and September – October) with a total of 49 working days. The study had the following main research goals and objectives:

    • To excavate the EBA layer over the entire technologically possible area of T2–T3.
    • To make a stratigraphic trench below the EBA layer in order to determine whether there is earlier occupationor other anthropogenic activity at the site.
    • To excavate a new area closer to the shore in order to search for the “central part” of the EBA settlement.

    The main results of the 2019 season can be summarized as follows:

    1. The work in T1 and T2–T3 was completed (fig. 2). The underwater landscape has been restored, with metalframes and trench sacks removed.
    2. The exploration of a new trench (T4) began (fig. 3), confirming the general observations from previous seasons of the stratigraphic sequence of Ropotamo site – a port accumulation from the historical periods over settlement remainsfrom the EBA (figs 4–5).
    3. The quantity and character of the finds and structures discovered in T4 unambiguously indicate that the EBA settlement center lies towards the shore at the base of the shallow waters to the SW of Scombolito Cape (fig. 6).
    4. In T2–T3, the hypothesis for the existence of a Chalcolithic settlement below that of the EBA was rejected.
    5. It was found that the EBA settlement (at least in the section T2–T3) was built on land and was only later flooded when sea level rose (fig. 2).
    6. The detailed stratigraphic observations demonstrated that at the end of the 4th mill. BC in the area of Ropotamothe sea level was -5.80 m below the modern one.
  • 15.
    Dimitrov, Kalin
    et al.
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria; Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Draganov, Vesselin
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Prahov, Nayden
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Georgiev, Pavel
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Garbov, Dragomir
    Pacheco-Ruiz, Rodrigo
    Pedrotti, Felix
    Georgieva, Zdravka
    Подводни археологически разкопки в залива пред устието на река ропотамо: [Underwater archaeological excavations in the sea bay at the mouth of Ropotamo river]2019In: Archaeological discoveries and excavation, ISSN 1313-0889, p. 743-746Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018 the second season of renewed underwater archaeological research in the bay in front of the mouth of the Ropotamo River was held. Two 5 x 5 m trenches were explored at a depth of 1.2 m, in which materials from the Ottoman period to the Pre-Roman era were found (Fig. 1). The numerous findings from the historic periods are interpreted as accumulation in harbour used intensively in the past. In the western half of the studied area a trench 2.5 m by 8.0 m was made, reaching a depth at the bottom of more than 2.5 m (Fig. 2 – 3). In this trench the remains of the underlying Early Bronze Age (EBA) settlement were studied. Eleven vertically placed wooden posts (Fig. 2.4), handmade ceramics and pieces of burned clay were found. Nine 14C samples were taken from 3 wooden posts that dated the Ropotamo EBA settlement in the transition between the 4th and the 3th mill. BC (3080 – 2970 cal. BC (95.4% probability) or 3070 – 3000 cal. BC (68.2% probability).

  • 16.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Archaeology of complete ships: on the potential of well-preserved wrecks of 17th century merchant fluyts in the Baltic Sea2015In: Shipwrecks around the World: Revelations of the Past / [ed] Tripati, Sila, New Delhi: Delta Book World , 2015, p. 176-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Byggnadsarkeologi och flöjter på havets botten2014In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014x, no 4, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 18.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Fragment av stormaktens försvarspolitik: Skulpturerna från regalskeppet Riksäpplet, sjösatt 16612015In: Finskt museum, ISSN 0355-1814, Vol. 120/122, no 2013/2015, p. 179-189Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 19.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Gribshunden (1495): vraket efter ett medeltida kravellskepp2016In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 1, p. 4-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Lodging in a Fluitship: the material setting of everyday life onboard Anna Maria2015In: Journal of Maritime Archaeology, ISSN 1557-2285, E-ISSN 1557-2293, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 45-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical archaeology may be characterized by an intricate relationship between, written sources and material remains. In research focusing on wrecks, this often results in descriptions of the events associated with one particular ship. These are narratives written from a historical horizon, where written sources provide the explanation to material remains. The aim of this paper is to show that a combination of material remains and written sources may be used as a departure point for a discussion on social conditions on board merchant ships in a more general sense.

    The case used is the fluit Anna Maria, launched in 1694 and which foundered in Dalarö harbour in 1709. The site is ideal for such a study, as it has been surveyed archaeologically on several occasions since the 1960s at the latest in all of 2010, and partly because historical research into the written accounts have been made. Taken together the material gathered enables a unique opportunity to reconstruct and to study the everyday environment on board a large fluitship.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Mars Project: Reconstructing the Hull2014In: Quest, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 39-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Pengarna eller livet: funderingar kring mystiska myntfynd2013In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 1, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Resande mannen: ett vrak med potential2013In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 19-25Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 24.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholms universitet.
    Riksäpplet: Arkeologiska perspektiv på ett bortglömt regalskepp2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Riksäpplet deals with a shipwreck that has a neglected position in the grand narrative of the history of the Swedish navy. The story of its destiny and the missing accounts in scholarly and popular works in history says something about heritage processes within Swedish maritime archaeology.

    On 5 June 1676 Riksäpplet came loose and adrift from its moorings outside Dalarö Sea fortress. The hull struck a rock and sank. The loss was considered both ignominious and embarrassing and the ship’s fate has been overlooked in all major history books. The rock onto which Riksäpplet sank was named ‘Äpplet’ after the incident, and the wreck itself has become an integrated component of the underwater seascape. As a consequence the wreckage has never enjoyed a proper ‘discovery’ or undergone documentation under the sensational forms that many other famous shipwrecks have, even though they have sunk in more inconvenient places.

    In Eriksson’s study the official handling of Riksäpplet’s wrecked body is compared to the more wellknown ships Kronan and Svärdet, which both sank during battle only days before. Eriksson draws on different motifs and driving forces behind the study of naval wrecks from the period from his comparison, and the differences are discussed. Riksäpplet has never achieved a prominent position with the romanticising works of history that honour the national heroes and their deeds which are associated with this era of the Swedish Empire. The first half of the book thus sets out to unpack the ideas that have led to the relative disinterest in Riksäpplet in comparison to other shipwrecks.

    The second half of the book sets out to analyse Riksäpplet from a specific archaeological perspective, with focus on the ship as material culture. Eriksson’s departure is to explore the relatively low budget fieldwork that has been done at the wreck site. He the combines those facts with a survey of the artefacts recovered from the wreck, of which all are kept in museum archives and private collections. This, in addition to his studies of preserved written correspondence concerning the construction of the ship, has brought new insights into seventeenth-century shipbuilding and how the balance between the global political superpowers affected this trade. In this context Riksäpplet has great potential to show how military alliances are materialized through ships’ architecture.

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    Riksäpplet: arkeologiska perspektiv på ett bortglömt regalskepp
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  • 25.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Riksäpplets okända historia2016In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 3, p. 28-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 26.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Sailing, sleeping and eating on board 17th century ships: Tapping the Potential of Baltic Sea Shipwrecks with regard to the Archaeology of Space2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 97-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Seglande halsgavelhus: om skulpturer på flöjtskepp i Sverige och Nederländerna under tidigmodern tid2014In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 134, no 3, p. 385-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early Modern warships are sometimes compared to floating palaces. The sculptural decoration on their transoms, galleries and beakheads follow a carefully thought out symbolic language that aimed to legitimize royal ambitions and claims to power. But merchant ships also carried elegantly carved ornaments and figures. However, the message conveyed by these sculptures was different from that of contemporary warships. Among early modern merchant ships the so-called fluyts hold a prominent position. Originating in the Netherlands, thousands of more or less identical ships were built during the 1600s and ensuing centuries. But despite the large number of ships built, surprisingly little information about their decoration has survived in our time. In recent years, several archaeological investigations of fluyts, have been carried out in the Baltic Sea which has resulted in new knowledge about the ships. It has been found that the decoration of the fluyts, just as on contemporary naval vessels, follow a clear pattern. The ship´s home port was communicated by its city coat of arms. Ships’ names such as the White Swan, The Rose or Crescent as well as familiar characters from the Bible were also represented by sculptures on the ship´s transom. But the sculptures served not only a practical purpose. Like the contemporary warships, they expressed their owners’ ideology and societal ambitions. Fluyts should perhaps not be compared to floating palaces; they are rather a counterpart to the merchants’neck-gabled houses in cities like Amsterdam.In the Swedish context, the vessels appear as a kind of billboard for a Dutch attitude towards trade. This article aims to discuss the message communicated by the fluyts’ exteriors against this fond. How did these ships affect the urban environment in which they were moored?

  • 28.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Skeppet Mars (1564): Fältrapport etapp III 20132015Report (Other academic)
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  • 29.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Skeppsarkeologisk analys2013In: Skeppet Mars (1564): Marinarkeologisk fältrapport etapp II 2012 / [ed] Rönnby Johan, Huddinge: Arkeologi, Södertörns högskola , 2013, p. 11-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Skeppsarkeologisk analys2015In: Gribshunden (1495): Skeppsvrak vid Stora Ekön, Ronneby, Blekinge: Marinarkeologisk undersökning 2013–2015 / [ed] Rönnby Johan, Karlskrona: Blekinge museum , 2015, p. 13-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The architecture of a great 16th century warship: results from the initial surveys of Mars (1564)2016In: Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Arqueología Subacuática (IKUWA V), Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Underwater Archaeology A heritage for mankind Cartagena, October 15th-18th, 2014, Cartagena: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte , 2016, p. 824-836Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 16th century the naval ships were developed with increased size and a larger quantity of guns. When the Swedish ship Mars exploded and sank during action in 1564, she was one of the largest ships in the world. In 2011 the wreck was relocated outside the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. Thanks to the favorable conditions about two thirds of the hull are preserved which includes the stern with the large stern castle. The site thus offers a unique opportunity to study a state of the art warship from this period. The site has been surveyed during three seasons. This paper is based on these initial surveys and aims to present the kind of insights regarding 16th century naval architecture that Mars has revealed so far.

  • 32.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Edesö Wreck: the hull of a small, armed ship wrecked in the Stockholm archipelago in the latter half of the 17th century2014In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 103-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003 a well-preserved shipwreck was found north of Dalarö in the Stockholm archipelago. In 2007 and 2008 the site was surveyed jointly by archaeologists from the Swedish National Maritime Museum, Södertörn University and the University of Southampton. The surface finds were inventoried and drawings produced of the hull structure, which measures 20 m between the posts. This paper presents the results of recording the hull. The original name of the ship, as well as the precise history of its demise, are unknown, but it appears to have been a small man-of-war, built and probably sunk in the late 17th century. It was possibly built in England, or at least in the English fashion of that time.

  • 33.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm University.
    The ship Riksäpplet and the introduction of English naval architecture in Sweden in the 17th century2017In: Post-Medieval Archaeology, ISSN 0079-4236, E-ISSN 1745-8137, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 309-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SUMMARY: The 84-gun ship Riksäpplet was one of the first ships in Sweden built under supervision of the newly recruited English master. In 1676, the ship came adrift, struck a rock and sank. In 2015 a minor field survey of the wreck was undertaken. An inventory of finds recovered from the wreck in various museum collections and in private hands has been compiled and the preserved correspondence from the construction of the ship has been re-examined. This material has provided new insights regarding the peculiarities and special architecture of Riksäpplet.

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Återfunnen - förlista resande mannen2013In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 4, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    During, Carl
    Holmlund, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Försvarshögskolan.
    Ågren, Michael
    Resande mannen (1660): Marinarkeologisk rapport 20122013Report (Other academic)
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  • 36.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm Univeristy.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Mars (1564): the initial archaeological investigations of a great 16th-century Swedish warship2017In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 92-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Before the Swedish warship Mars exploded and sank in action against a combined Danish and Lübeckian fleet in 1564, it was one of the largest ships in the world. In 2011 the wreck was relocated off the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. Thanks to the favourable conditions in the brackish water, about two thirds of the hull is preserved on the sea bottom, including the stern with the large sterncastle. The aim of this article is to present initial archaeological observations and results of work since 2011. We briefly describe the historical context and research perspectives regarding this wreck.

  • 37.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    'The Ghost Ship' (Gotska Sandön Island, Sweden): Deepwater Archaeology in the Baltic Sea2017In: Ships and Maritime Landscapes: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Amsterdam 2012 / [ed] Jerzy Gawronski, André van Holk & Joost Schokkenbroek, Eelde: Barkhuis, 2017, p. 439-444Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Hocker, Fred
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Vasa Museum, Stockholm.
    In Details Remembered: Interpreting the Human Component in Shipbuilding2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 72-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Marin mätteknik (MMT).
    Ny verktygslåda för marinarkeologer2014In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 2, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 40.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    et al.
    MMT.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Joint Exploration of the Sunken Past: Examples of Maritime Archaeoogical Collaboration Between Industry and Academica in the Baltic2017In: Under the Sea: Archaeology and Palaeolandscapes of the Continental Shelf / [ed] Bailey,G., Harff,J., Sakellariou., Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 53-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the benefits and constraints of collaboration between an archaeological research unit and a commercial company, using as examples joint research conducted by MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute at Södertörn University) and the Swedish commercial marine survey company MMT. The examples presented here included the detailed reconstruction by remote sensing of deeply submerged shipwrecks and the mapping and discovery of submerged archaeological landscapes and associated artefacts such as fish traps, which can then be examined more closely by archaeological divers. The benefits to archaeologists of collaborating with well-equipped commercial companies are obvious, but the benefits are mutual. The demands of archaeological research can generate new technological solutions that have commercial application, as well as producing results with wider educational and social benefits. Provided that archaeological investigations are embedded in the normal commercial operations of the company, such collaboration can be cost-effective for both parties, and is further enhanced by collaboration with film companies, which generates wider public interest and publicity for all concerned.

  • 41.
    Katrantsiotis, Christos
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Dahl, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Palm, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Västerviks Museum, Sweden.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Andrén, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Holocene relative sea level changes in the Vastervik-Gamlebyviken region on the southeast coast of Sweden, southern Baltic Sea2023In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 206-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We reconstruct the Holocene shore displacement of the Vastervik-Gamlebyviken area on the southeast coast of Sweden, characterised by a maritime cultural landscape and archaeological significance since the Mesolithic. Sediment cores were retrieved from four lake basins that have been raised above sea level due to the postglacial land uplift and eustatic sea level changes after the melting of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. The cores were radiocarbon dated and analysed for loss on ignition and diatoms. The isolation thresholds of the basins were determined using LiDAR data. The results provide evidence for the initiation of the first Littorina Sea transgression in this area at 8.5 thousand calibrated years before present (cal. ka BP). A relative sea level rise by similar to 7 m a.s.l. is recorded between 8.0 and 7.5 cal. ka BP with a highstand at similar to 22 m a.s.l. between 7.5 and 6.2 cal. ka BP. These phases coincide with the second and third Littorina Sea transgressions, respectively, in the Blekinge area, southern Sweden and are consistent with the final deglaciation of North America. After 6.2 cal. ka BP, the relative sea level dropped below 22 m a.s.l., and remained at similar to 20 m a.s.l. until 4.6 cal. ka BP coinciding with the fourth Littorina Sea transgression in Blekinge. From 4.6 to 4.2 cal. ka BP, the shore displacement shows a regression rate of 10 mm a(-1) followed by a slowdown with a mean value of 4.6 mm a(-1) until 1.6 cal. ka BP, when the relative sea level dropped below 3.3 m a.s.l. The Middle to Late Holocene highstand and other periods of minor sea level transgressions and/or higher salinity between 6.2 and 1.7 cal. ka BP are attributed to a combination of warmer climate and higher inflow of saline waters in the southern Baltic Sea due to stronger westerlies, caused by variations in the North Atlantic atmospheric patterns.

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  • 42.
    Leino, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Helsingfors universitet.
    Recycling Shipwrecks - examples from the 18th century fortress island of Suomenlinna2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 127-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Archaeological report of the wreck of Arado 196-32017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on the work carried out as part of a heritage evaluation and archaeological survey for BlekingeCounty Administrative Board of the wreck of an Arado 196-3 plane off the coast of Karlskrona, Sweden. Thewreck has been known by divers but until now had not been subject to any archaeological investigations orsurveys to evaluate its condition. Work was carried out by the MARIS research institute at Södertörn Universityand a report produced describing the wreck’s condition and heritage values as well as recommendations for themanagement of this resource. In this publication we will develop the findings of the fieldwork and present a moredetailed description of the wreck site as well as its historical background.

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  • 44.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    [Book review of] Håkan Karlsson & Tomás Diez Acosta, The Missile Crisis from a Cuban perspective: Historical, archaeological and anthropological reflections2020In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 140, no 3, p. 572-574Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 45.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    En egendomlig kollision2017In: Sverige och första världskriget: Maritima perspektiv / [ed] Mirja Arnshav; Andreas Linderoth, Lund: Historiska medier , 2017, p. 203-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Luftfartsarkeologi – och hur vi fick Sveriges yngsta fornlämning2017In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Palm, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Stäket vid Valstad: Arkeologisk provundersökning, Kallåker 4:4, Gamleby socken, Västerviks kommun, Kalmar län, Småland2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spring 2016, Södertörn University and MARIS, in collaboration with Västerviks Museum, conducted an archaeological research survey at Stäket, Kallåker 4:4 in Gamlebysocken, Västervik municipality, Kalmar County, Småland. At the survey two trenches were dug on land in connection with a previously known "pole blockage" in the water of Dynestadviken at a place called Stäket. One trench was placed in a stone construction situated close to the level of the Viking age shore line. The other trench was orientated in today's wetland adjacent to the timber construction in the water.

    The stone "cairn- like" construction lays in line with the timber construction in the water and are interpreted by us as associated with the underwater remains. The test trench was done in that part of the construction which is closest to the water. But the stone cairn seems to continue west at least 10 m up the beach slope. In the trench a brow, a flint and fragments of processed wood were found. Underneath and between the stones, wooden poles emerged of which one dates back to Viking age-early Middle Ages.

    The other trench, in the wetland closer to the water, could only be dug to approx. 0.2 m depth, but in this area several wooden poles appeared as well as parts of planks and a smallbox shaped wooden construction.

    Several of the upright standing poles, both in the water and on land have been dated to late Iron age, but there are also some dating of poles and planks from late Medieval/EarlyModern period. In connection to wood sampling in the water for dating of the poles a well worked oak plank also was found. The plank is dated to late Viking period and is very likely from a boat.

    During late Viking period, the place for the site was the most topographical strategic part of the waterway between the bay of Gamlebyviken and the protected inner water around Dynestadsjön. The choice of place gives an indication that the construction during this time is linked to strategy and protection of the rich Iron Age homeland north of the construction.

    The exact function of the constructions at Stäket cannot be said at the present time and there are several possible functions. The most obvious interpretation is to see it as a blockage defending the inlet, but there is also a possibility that the remains we know about today actually are a part of a larger harbour arrangement. Other possibilities which can't be excluded is that the construction could have been used for fishing or that some of the poles are remains of a bridge over the narrow inlet. Combinations of these different functions areof course also possible. Considering the different dating and the mix of wooden material is also very likely that the use and function of the place have changed during history.

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  • 48.
    Palm, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Västerviks Museum.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Bolin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Stäket vid Valstad: Arkeologisk provundersökning etapp 2, Kallåker 4:4, Gamleby socken, Västerviks kommun, Kalmar län, Småland2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spring 2018, Södertörn University and MARIS, in collaboration with Västerviks Museum, conducted a second archaeological research survey at Stäket, Kallåker 4:4 in Gamleby socken, Västervik municipality, Kalmar County, Småland. At the survey a trenchs were dug on land in connection with a previously known “pole blockage” in the water of Dynestadviken at a place called Stäket. The trench was placed in line with a previously excavated stone construction situated close to the level of the Viking age shore line.

    The stone “cairn-like” construction lays in line with a timber construction in the water. The 2018 trench was placed in the upper part of the stone construction, 10 m up the beach slope, close to the test trench dug in 2016. The aim was to collect more data regarding the stone structure, it´s construction and use. Among the findings are flint fragments, horseshoe nails, coins and a clay pipe, all with a span from the 11th century to the 19th century.

    During late Viking period, the place for the site was the most topographical strategic part of the waterway between the bay of Gamlebyviken and the protected inner water around Dynestadsjön. The choice of place gives an indication that the construction during this time is linked to strategy and protection of the rich Iron Age homeland north of the construction.

    Several of the upright standing poles, both in the water and on land have previously been dated to late Iron age, but there are also some poles and planks from late Medieval/Early Modern period. New findings from 2018 confirm some sort of activities in the area in the 18th and 19th centuries, probably fishing.

    The exact function of the constructions at Stäket cannot be said at the present time and   there are several possible functions. The most obvious interpretation is to see it as a blockage defending the inlet, but there is also a possibility that the remains we know about today actually are a part of a larger harbour arrangement. Other possibilities which can’t be excluded is that the construction could have been used for fishing or that some of the poles are remains of a bridge over the narrow inlet. Combinations of these different functions are of course also possible. Considering the different dating and the mix of wooden material is also very likely that the use and function of the place have changed during history.

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  • 49.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Arkeologi på Svarta havets botten2022In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014x, no 3, p. 30-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Det danska monstret: Om en skulptur och dess skepp i början av den Nya tiden2020In: Havets bildspråk: Galjonsfigurer och symboler / [ed] Kurt Almqvist; Svante Helmbaek Tirén, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Stolpe , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
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