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  • 1.
    Barjolle, Dominique
    et al.
    Swiss Institute of Organic Agriculture.
    Belletti, Giovanni
    University of Florence.
    Marescotti, Andrea
    University of Florence.
    Casabianca, Francois
    INRA.
    Cristóvão, Artur
    De Rosa, Marcello
    University of Cassino del Lazio Meridionale.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Prologue. The Role of Localised Agrifood Systems in a Globalised Europe2014In: International Agricultural Policy, ISSN 1722-4365, Vol. 1, 7-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Genus och företagande2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender and entrepreneurship, is a broad field of research developed in the intersection between theories about entrepreneurship and gender and feminist theory. Within this research field labor, family and the state are the key elements. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles and entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future.

    This book is the result of a workshop organized by the Research Center Enter Forum, at Södertörn University in December 2015. The theme of the workshop was Policy, Entrepreneurship and Gender. Starting from a gender perspective, the papers presented analyzed how economic development and social processes has led to the emergence of new industries, and how technology and policy in cooperation may outcrowd women’s participation in certain industries. Additional topics are the impact of gender on firms ability to survive in the long term; How women entrepreneurs see women in business; How social entrepreneurship can be the catalyst for women's rights; And the the challenges and opportunities of female equine entrepreneurs in urban businesses encounter in their daily activities

  • 3.
    Borg, Erik A.
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Tesfaye, Besrat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Enterprises in the suburbs and the locality of entrepreneurship2017In: Great regional awakening: new directions / [ed] Lesa Reynolds, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suburbs represent an essential subject for regional studies and have a rapidly increasing economic significance within wider metropolitan regions (Phelps 2010). It is necessary to create inclusive suburbs with a stronger identity. The current growth of populations in major cities requires an ability to reorganize existing cities and a massive restructuring of urban infrastructure (Modarres and Kirby 2010). The interpretation of the needs of suburbs have previously called for a transdisciplinary and collaborative strategy (Després et al. 2004). We look at entrepreneurship and different types of 21 businesses as a source of vitalization of suburbs. These ventures are studied in the context of the diversity of the population of suburb. Entrepreneurial investments, the establishment of high impact enterprises as well as networking among local and migrant businesses represent elements that can vitalize previously marginalized suburbs. Enterprises that are clustered in suburban neighborhoods reflect the different impacts of suburban and city spatial forms. Newly arrived citizens draw upon the critical mass of ethnic members to form a niche market for ethnic business (Fong et al. 2007). Minorities may have limited access to financial capital in the larger urban economy, but ethnic enclaves may provide a source of a unique competitive advantage (Cummings 1999). Entrepreneurship rooted in a suburban surrounding represent a specific opportunity to become embedded in an economic and spatial dimension. The migrant may be seen as representing a diversity capital which penetrate specific market conditions located in ethnically diverse neighborhoods situated in the suburbs of major cities. The spatial and entrepreneurial dimension of ethnic business can thereby be given a relevant context for interpretation.

  • 4.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Bring in the brewers: business entry in the Swedish brewing industry from 1830 to 20122017In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 56, no 5, 710-743 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses long-term business entry in the Swedish brewing industry, presenting new data on its organisational historiography. Since 1830, the rate of entry has varied considerably; entries increased progressively from the 1850s, and fell at a decreasing rate from the early twentieth century. An increasing tendency to enter the trade can be observed from the mid-1980s – in particular, there has been a considerable resurgence since the turn of the millennium. The article elaborates on explanations that are both exogenous and endogenous. Above all, the results provide support for the role of endogenous conditions. The results should be viewed as complementary to previous analyses of the (Swedish) brewing industry, which either have employed shorter analytical time-frames or have mainly focused on the role of exogenous conditions, such as changes in the institutional framework.

  • 5.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Konkurs och konjunktur i Sverige 1830-20102016In: Insolvensrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 2002-6315, no 1, 20-36 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomer betraktar vanligtvis konkursutvecklingen som en konjunkturindikator och därmed beroende av förändringar på ekonomins efterfrågesida: konkurserna förväntas öka i tider av ekonomisk nedgång och minska under högkonjunkturer. Flertalet analyser är emellertid kortsiktiga. I denna uppsats presenterar vi ny och unik empiri där vi ana­lyserar det långsiktiga sambandet mellan konjunkturväxlingar och konkurser i Sverige mellan år 1830 och år 2010. I uppsatsen diskuteras också problem som kan uppstå i tolk­ningen av konkursstatistiken, både historiskt och i vår samtid. Den statistiska analysen visar att det delvis går att fastställa ett samband mellan makroekonomiska svängningar och förändringar i konkursmängden.

  • 6.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Genus och grundarteam: nya företags överlevnad i Stockholm under 1900-talets första hälft2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, 51-78 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Is There a Relationship Between Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth?: The Case of Sweden, 1850-20002015Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Sweden, 1850–20002016In: Contemporary Entrepreneurship: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Innovation and Growth / [ed] Dieter Bögenhold, Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin, Domingo Garcia Pérez de Lema, Cham: Springer, 2016, 1, 31-49 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in entrepreneurship suggest a causal link between entrepreneurial activity and economic growth: entrepreneurship precedes economic growth. A positive effect from entrepreneurship on economic development in advanced, innovation-driven economies in the most recent decades is often maintained. Self-employment is one of the most common indicators of entrepreneurship. The present study uses very long series of non-interrupted data on self-employment in Sweden (1850–2000). It analyzes the relationship between variations in self-employment and economic growth. For the entire period, variations in self-employment had a significant, instantaneous positive correlation with GDP growth. However, no causal relationship could be discovered: variations in self-employment did not (Granger) cause GDP growth. We discovered a structural break in GDP growth as early as in the year of 1948. Up until 1948, (Granger) causality between self-employment and GDP could not be established for any direction. For the other segment (1949–2000), GDP growth (Granger) caused self-employment growth, but not the other way around. For the period 1949–2000, but not for the previous period, selfemployment lagged with respect to GDP growth.  Consequently, GDP growth preceded self-employment growth, but self-employment growth did not precede GDP growth. Given that self-employment is a suitable indicator, the empirical results in this study are, in several respects, in disagreement with dominating assumptions in mainstream research.

  • 9.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    From the Baltic rim to growth markets: Contextual issues and market strategies of dairy companies in the Baltic rim – the case of Arla2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The Internationalization of the Swedish Dairy Industry2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Braidford, Paul
    et al.
    Durham University.
    Stone, Ian
    Durham University.
    Tesfaye, Besrat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gender, disadvantage and enterprise support - lessons from women´s business centers in North America and Europe2013In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 20, no 1, 143-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ekberg, Espen
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School.
    Myrvang, Christine
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Innledning: Mellom næaringsliv og historie2014In: Næringsliv og historia / [ed] Espen Ekberg, Mikael Lönnborg & Christine Myrvang, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2014, 1, 7-33 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ekberg, Espen
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Lönnborg, MikaelSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School.Myrvang, ChristineBI Norwegian Business School.
    Næringsliv og historie2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Illusionen om det goda civilsamhället2016In: Kurage: Idétidskrift för det civila samhället, ISSN 2001-175X, no 20, 20-22 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Social Enterprises in Sweden: Intertextual Consensus and Hidden Paradoxes2015Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Chameleons Through Times and Values2016In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives / [ed] Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear, New York and London: Routledge, 2016, 41-57 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Socialt entreprenörskap för kvinnors rättigheter2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, 129-144 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Sweden: Tracing Social Enterprise Across Different (Social) Spheres: The Dynamic Interplay Among Institutions, Values, and Individual Engagement2017In: Shaping Social Enterprise: Understanding Institutional Context and Influence / [ed] Janelle Kerlin, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Gawell, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lundgaard Andersen, LindaRoskilde University, Denmark.Spear, RogerOpen University, UK.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant women stepping into ethnic catering; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for sale; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to start social businesses; or former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for an honest lifestyle. These initiatives capture the transformative power of social enterprise and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case. Social enterprises and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way for the Nordic solicaristic welfare state.

    As the welfare state grew, civil society organizations and co-operatives lost ground, to a certain extent. But in recent decades, the welfare state has been restructured and, simultaneously, the concepts social entrepreneurship and social enterprises have gained attention. The Nordic context, with extensive public welfare structures and a high degree of citizens’ participation in public affairs, might affect the emergence of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises.

  • 20.
    Gawell, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Mittuniversitetet.
    Pierre, Anne
    Mittuniversitetet.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Societal Entrepreneurship: A Cross-Boundary Force for Regional and Local Development Cherished for Multiple Reasons.2014In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 18, no 4, 109-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Gawell, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Entrepreneurship Invited Into the (Social) Welfare Arena2016In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives / [ed] Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear, New York and London: Routledge, 2016, 215-231 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    State Ownership and Privatization in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    The impact of market regulation on the Swedish insurance industry, 1930- 19802015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Regulatory change and market efficiency in the Swedish Insurance Industry during a half century2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Heshmati, Almas
    et al.
    School of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea.
    Karlson, Nils
    The RATIO Institute, Sweden.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Generality, State Neutrality and Unemployment in the OECD2013In: Global Economy Journal, ISSN 1524-5861, Vol. 13, no 3, 333-358 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Buchanan and Congleton (1998. Politics by Principle, Not Interest: Towards Nondiscriminatory Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), the generality principle in politics blocks special interests. Consequently, the generality principle should thereby promote economic efficiency. This study tests this hypothesis on wage formation and labor markets, by investigating whether generality defined as state neutrality could explain employment performance among OECD countries during 1970–2003. We identify three types of non-neutrality concerning unemployment. These include the level or degree of government interference in the wage bargaining process over and above legislation which facilitates mutually beneficial wage agreements, the constrained bargaining range (meaning the extent to which the state favors or blocks certain outcomes of the bargaining process), and the cost shifting (which relates to state interference shifting the direct or indirect burden of costs facing the parties on the labor market). Our overall hypothesis is that non-neutrality or non-generality increases unemployment rates. The empirical results from the general conditional model suggest that government intervention and a constrained bargaining range clearly increase unemployment, while a few of the cost shifting variables have unexpected effects. The findings thus give some, but definitely not unreserved, support for the generality principle as a method to promote economic efficiency. One implication may be that the principle should be amended by other requirements if the political process shall indeed be able to promote economic efficiency.

  • 26. Kleverman, Anders
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Senter for Business History.
    Svenska Försäkringsföreningen ur ett historiskt perspektiv2015In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    Finanskriser i Sverige2014 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finanskriser i sverige 

    Den 15 september 2008 tvingades Lehman Brothers ställa in sina betalningar, vilket startade den mest omfattande internationella finansiella krisen sedan depressionen på 1930-talet. Krisens orsaker, bankernas agerade och statens roll i det finansiella systemet har diskuterats livligt. Men finansiella kriser är inte unika för vår tid utan har varit en del av ekonomins utveckling under de senaste århundradena. 

    Denna bok fokuserar främst på de finansiella kriser som drabbat Sverige under de senaste 150 åren, det vill säga sedan landet började industrialiseras och den ekonomiska tillväxten ta fart. Finansiella kriser har ofta inträffat i samband med perioder med snabb tillväxt och ändrade förutsättningar för näringsliv och finansmarknad. I framställningen analyseras krisernas bakgrundsfaktorer, utveckling hur kriserna har lösts och framför allt vilken roll staten har spelat i denna process. Interaktionen mellan stat, marknad och aktörer har varit viktiga för framväxten men även för att lösa finansiella kriser. Boken ger en överblick över svenska finanskrisers drivkrafter, utveckling, räddningsaktioner och konsekvenser. 

  • 28.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    Kundägda svenska försäkringsbolag: Ett framgångsrecept?2016In: Historikere i oppdrag: Festskrift til Trond Bergh, Sverre Knutsen og Lars Thue i anledning 70-årsdagene i 2015 og 2016 / [ed] Harald Espeli og Finn Erhard Johannessen, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2016, 1, 117-140 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Center for Business HIstory.
    Organising Risk Management in Sweden: The Life Reinsurance Market2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the reinsurance industry is to provide insurance for primary insurers. Primary insurers have fairly standardised policies, whereas those of reinsurers are often less so, more internationally oriented and likely to cover very large risks. There is little doubt that primary insurance policies, as well as an insurance market based on fixed premiums, would be difficult to sustain over the long run without reinsurance. Reinsurance enables portfolio diversification by the primary insurer in order to avoid the kinds of devastating losses that could threaten its survival (Kopf 1929; Golding 1930; Doherty & Smetters 2005; James et al. 2014; Borsheid & Haueter 2012).

    This paper discusses the emergency of the Swedish life reinsurance market from the mid 19th century and describe the development until the 2010s. In the wake of the founding of the first joint stock corporations in the middle of the 1850s, insurers set rather limited risk maximums and signed reciprocal treaties with mainly foreign insurers to limit their risks. During the following six decades the life reinsurance was handled by individual corporations but in 1914 a commonly owned life reinsurance company was organised to deal with the issue for reinsurance for the entire market. This continued until the end of the 1980s when most of the individual insurers preferred to set up their own corporations for dealing with the issue of life reinsurance and Sweden Re was transformed into a completely different organisation. 

  • 30.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School,Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo, Norway.
    Regulation competition of Swedish Insurance Business: The Role of the Insurance Cartel Registry2016In: Regulating Competition: Cartel Registers in the Twentieth Century World / [ed] Susanna Fellman & Martin Shanahan, Abingdon & New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, 248-267 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    SCOR Sweden Re: 100 years of Swedish (Re)Insurance History2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    SCOR Sweden Re 100 år2014In: The SCOR Sweden Re Nordic Life Insurance Conference 2014, Stockholm: SCOR , 2014, 103-116 p.Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    SCOR Sweden Re: A Century of Reinsurance2014In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Swedish Life Reinsurance and Risk Management2017In: Highlights on Reinsurance History / [ed] André Straus & Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 93-112 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The Insurance Cartel Registry, Regulations, Co-operation and Competition Among Swedish Insurers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business HIstory.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Center for Business History.
    The Survival and Success of Swedish Mutual Insurers2015In: Corporate Forms and Organisational Choice in International Insurance / [ed] Robin Pearson & Takau Yoneyama, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, 93-113 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study demonstrates that the presence of diversified corporate forms within the insurance industry does not always lead to the dominance of what is, according to theory, the most efficient business form, the joint-stock corporation. Swedish mutual insurance companies have often been connected to various popular movements, and have thus obtained quasi-monopoly rights for writing certain kinds of insurance. This has been important as a means of obtaining economies of scale and creating efficient organisations, and has allowed them to compete with their joint-stock rivals. Mutuals have also remained important players in the insurance market by keeping policyholders’ interests in focus through creative product diversification and by expanding nationally to reach customers outside of their original base. Mutuality also protected them against hostile take-overs that weakened the stock corporations. Mutual insurers not only survived as independent companies but also were a success. 

  • 37.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The Swedish insurance distribution system, different ownership forms and cartels2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish insurance companies developed – in line with other Scandinavian

    countries – an unique kind of distribution system for selling insurance products. The

    origin of the Swedish insurance market was built on inspiration from in particular from

    United Kingdom and Germany when the first joint-stock company Skandia was founded

    in the 1850s. Swedish insurers copied among other things, insurance contracts,

    premium calculation schemes and organising agent networks. In line with these

    corporations, each insurance company established regionally based networks of agents

    with a general agent and a large number of subordinated agents. However, in the

    Scandinavian setting, the emergency of independent brokers was haltered by an

    interesting dilemma. Early on, agents used something called ‘returned commission’

    where they offered potential customers to get a portion of the agents’s commission. This

    often led to that customers signed life insurance contracts with higher insurance sums

    and after some time the could not keep on paying the premium and had to cancel the

    contract. Due to the social element of life insurance, and the existence of so-called

    returned commission, cancelled contracts could jeopardize the legitimacy of the entire

    market. The only measure – according to the trade organizations – to control the agents

    was to keep the system with that each insurers had their own employed agents. Thereby,

    the emergency of independent brokers did not developed on the Swedish insurance

    market.

    In this paper we will follow the distribution system for the insurance industry during

    the 19th and 20th centuries until today and describe how the system was relative stable

    until the 1980s through legislation but also supported by formal cartelization and

    gentlemen’s agreement on the market. In particular one cartel agreement, that was

    implemented in the 1910s that focused on the agent system that changed repeatedly

    until the 1980s – and fundament of the entire distribution system – will be discussed.

    The paper will focus on the major changes that occurred from the 1980s and onwards,

    in particular in connection of the accession to the European Union in the 1990s that

    entirely changed the distribution system on the market.

  • 38.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business HIstory.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Är svensk ömsesidig försäkring unik?2017In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, MikaelSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.Winroth, KarinSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Entreprenörskap och varumärken2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationer och entreprenörer betraktas ofta som nödvändiga faktorer för att skapa nya företag och marknader. Varumärken har med tiden fått en allt större betydelse i näringslivet, eller kanske är det mer rättvist att säga att vi blivit mer medvetna om deras ekonomiska värde för producenter och sociala värde för konsumenter. Denna bok illustrerar att det finns många intressanta forskningsfrågor i skärningspunkten mellan entreprenöriella aktiviteter och uppbyggnaden och vidmakthållandet av välkända varumärken.

  • 40.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Winroth, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Entreprenörskap och varumärken: en introduktion2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 7-28 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Varumärkets roll i innovationsprocessen i nya företag: Fallet Cariel Spirits AB2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Larsson, Mats, Lönnborg, Mikael, Winroth, Karin, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 257-277 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda
    et al.
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Spear, Roger
    Open University, UK.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises in the Nordics: Narratives Emerging from Social Movements and Welfare Dynamics2016In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives / [ed] Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear, New York and London: Routledge, 2016, 1-21 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation.
    An Innovator and an Entrepreneur: Carl Gustaf von Koch and the Introduction of Modern Risk Management in Sweden2016In: Proceedings of the International Sessions of the 52nd Japanese Business History Society of Japan (BHSJ), Chuo University, Japan, 8-9 October, 2016, 2016, 135-152 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Senter for Business History.
    Elden är lös!2014In: Företagshistoria, ISSN 2001-7936, no 3, 41-44 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo .
    Försäkringsvärlden i gungning2015In: Företagshistoria, ISSN 2001-7936, no 1, 47-51 p.Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Moderna varumärken och historiska entreprenörer2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 49-67 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Law and Governance, Oslo, Norway.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The rise and fall of the Baltic Sea Region?: The economic and political underpinnings of a northern European macroregion, 1990-20152017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that regionalism is defined “as an economic process whereby economic flows grow more rapidly among a given group of states [in the same region] than between these states and those located elsewhere”. In this paper we approach the economic underpinnings for the Baltic Sea Region by analysing the developments with regard to trade and investment in the quarter of a century that has passed since the fall of the communist regimes that divided the European continent At the same time we look into the political developments that brought the 2009 adoption of the European Union’s first macroregional strategy, the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The strategy was a symbolic second milestone with regard to the political endeavours to reintegrate the continent; the first being the 2004 enlargement. Having transformed the Baltic Sea from a ‘Mare Dividum’ to a European ‘Mare Nostrum’ was indeed also a sign of the success of such integrative political processes.

    However, it may also be argued that the perceived need for a specific strategy in order to further and deepen the integration and reduce the economic gaps within the European Union gives an indication that there was more to be wished for with regard to this region. Further, more recent political developments in Europe as such as well as the constituent countries of this macroregion has cast some doubts on the future. In this paper we ask ourselves whether developments with regard to investments and trade are in congruence with the notion of the building of one integrated region; does it make economic sense to talk about a Baltic Sea Region or is the eastwest divide still present? For example, to what extent have the developments with regard to foreign direct investments proved sustainable? What sectors are leading the way and which are lagging? What divisions remain to be tackled? These are some of the questions that this paper attempts to address based upon a thorough analysis of the existing sources with regard to foreign direct investment and trade flows. In addition, in a concluding section, we open up an analysis on whether recent political development risk nullifying the progress made on the economic arena – or whether Brexit and connected developments are actually reinforcing the European macroregional agenda?

  • 48.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Law and Governance, Centre for Business History, Oslo, Norway.
    Rafferty, Michael
    The Royal Melbourne Technical Institute (RMIT), Melbourne, Australia.
    The Rationality and Effects of Lender of Last Resort Policy in Scandinavia2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo .
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Winners and Losers in Times of Financial Crises2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we take the current global financial crisis as a point of departure for a comparative and longitudinal study of such crises in Sweden during the last 100 years. A focus of our attention is how the state (or entities close to the state) chooses to manage the financial crises and thus how they distribute the direct and indirect costs connected to these crises, i.e. how the state in attempting to resolve crises effectively also helps pick the winners and losers of these recurring phenomena. However, this is only a pilot study of a new research project and here we will focus on how Scandinavian countries have dealt with financial crises, and particular how the state have acted in connections with financial crises.

  • 50.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Banks and Swedish financial crises in the 1920s and 1930s2013In: History and Financial Crisis: Lessons from the 20th century / [ed] Christopher Kobrak & Mira Wilkins, London & New York: Routledge , 2013, 56-74 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 58
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