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  • 1.
    Abdi Ali Ahmed, Yousra
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    A Study on behavioral Health Interventions for Neglected tropical diseases: What is missing in current health interventions?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the spread of NTDs but to also determine what is missing in the health interventions that are conducted in the countries affected by NTD.

    Method and theory: The method used in this paper is the theory testing approach which is the Social Cognitive Theory. Development in the 1970s by A. Badura, it’s based on the concept of interaction between personal, environmental and social factors.

    Results: The results showed that both the previous research and today’s health interventions lack the understanding of the roll social and personal factors play in the spread of NTD. They mainly target the environmental factors and medical. Therefore, the NTDs are still endemic despite the effort during many years.

  • 2.
    Alkstål, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    Doing development right; the Rights-based approach: A comparative case study on NGO accountability2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades, a convergence between civil and political human rights non governmental organisations (NGOs) and development NGOs have occurred. The fusion of the two disciplines have led to the construction of so called ‘Rights-Based approaches’ (RBA). One principal concept for RBA’s is the question of accountability. Functional accountability is no longer seen as sufficient and more focus on social accountability have advanced. In previous research NGOs are repeatedly questioned for their level of accountability. This comparative qualitative case study therefore aim to examine how three Swedish based NGOs perceive accountability, with the purpose to contribute to the academic discussion of NGO accountability.

    By using grounded theory and selective coding, this study will contribute with new empirical data to the ongoing development of RBA theory. Empirical data is collected through interviews, NGOs official strategies documents and analysed in relation to the empirically grounded theory. The main findings in this comparative case study is that organisations different backgrounds and values influence how they perceive RBA and accountability, and which methods are used to reconcile with accountability claims. The collected empirical data concludes perceptions of accountability mostly focuses on four interconnected key principles; power relations, democracy, transparency and empowerment.

  • 3.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    The Role of Menstruation: a Case Study amongst Women from Nakwa Village in Tanzania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates what role menstruation have for women in the village of Nakwa, Tanzania; how inadequate MHM affects the perception of women; and how menstruation is affecting the gender equality within a marriage in Nakwa. Most women in Nakwa village struggle to maintain high standards of cleanliness regarding their own Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM). This is due to many contributing factors relating to ingrained cultural beliefs that menstruation is something shameful and dirty. Most males within the household manage the finances, and menstrual hygiene products are not considered a priority, which further detaches the women from the possession of power over their own MHM. The theoretical framework used in this study is built upon two pillars, the woman as the inferior sex, and menstruation as something dirty and polluting, contributing to menstrual shame. These pillars are constructed upon two academic works; The Second Sex (1953) by Simone De Beauvoir, and Purity and Danger (1984) by Mary Douglas. Substantive previous research is accounted for to support the two pillars. Two weeks of field studies in Nakwa village during February and March 2017 included 23 individual semi-structured interviews and one group interview, with regularly menstruating married women. The results show a linkage between inadequate MHM, devaluation and inferiority of women and gender inequality. 

  • 4.
    Flodkvist, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    Gender roles and perceptions about improved Community-Based Health Insurance: A case study in Babati, Tanzania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People´s access to safe health care is not as common as one might think. Today with new and different health insurances and improved health policies people should in theory have safe health care. Although numerous of health insurances exist, targeting large parts of populations, there are still many issues with them. The Behavioural Model of Health Services Use and Separate Spheres are the two theories that are used in this study. Where Separate Spheres describes men´s and women´s separate worlds, their responsibilities in them and how it effects them and the Behavioural Model of Health Services Use, which describes factors that either impede or enable people’s access to health care utilization. This study´s purpose is to see what different perceptions men and women have about the insurance and how these perceptions can affect families’ choice to enroll to the insurance. The study uses a qualitative approach and is based on semi-structured interviews. Results in this study showed that men and women have very different perceptions about the insurance. Men want the insurance because they want to save money and decrease health expenses. While women wants the insurance for their children to always have access to health care. The roles between men and women in households are significant and their different responsibilities affect their priorities and perceptions.

  • 5.
    Hammi, Sonia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    ”We think about health when we are sick”: A study of knowledge,perceptions and attitudes towards cardiovascular diseases and obesity in Babatitown, Tanzania.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards cardiovascular diseases and obesity among men and women and current health strategies in Babati, Tanzania. The results of this study can contribute to answers about where focus needs to be added for preventive health interventions. In order to answer the research questions of this study, a qualitative field study was conducted in Babati town, Tanzania during three weeks in February and March 2017. The theoretical framework used in this study is the Theory of planned behavior, a psychological theory that explains human behavior that is used to understand people’s behavior and decision making. The findings of this study shows that people in Babati have a substantial knowledge, which shows that knowledge does not play an important role in the fight against NCDs since it is increasing anyway. People have a negative attitude towards these diseases but claims that there is still people that has a positive attitude. This study conclude that the main problem is people’s behavior and accepting a lifestyle change rather than lack of knowledge as previous research claims.

  • 6.
    Hansby, Marilia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    Intimate Partner Violence and Double Consciousness: A Case Study on Female Perceptions of IPV in Babati, Tanzania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic and Health Surveys from 2015-16 as well as previous research suggest that a majority of women in Tanzania justify intimate partner violence (IPV) and that such violence is very prevalent. Semi-structured interviews with women in rural and urban Babati, Tanzania, were conducted in February-March 2016, in which women gave conditional answers to questions on justification of IPV. The aim of this thesis is thus to offer a theoretical explanation for the ambivalence informants expressed regarding IPV. To do so, the theory of double consciousness, which has not been applied to gender issues before, was applied in a qualitative content analysis of informants’ statements. This thesis will argue that double consciousness offers a plausible explanation for the conditional answers given by informants, since they reflected a two-ness among women, in the form of non-justification of IPV, but ideas about women’s obligations that are incompatible with ideals of gender equality. Women are thus aware of the gender oppression, while they still, to some extent, adapt to it.  

  • 7.
    Thorborg, Marina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    Kvinnor i Kina: Pirater, järnflickor och finanslejon2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
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