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  • 1.
    Azhgikhina, N.
    et al.
    Moscow State University, Russian Federation.
    Sandomirskaia, Irina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Bad girls, apocalyptic beasts, redemption: A tribute to Helena Goscilo2016In: Transgressive Women in Modern Russian and East European Cultures: From the Bad to the Blasphemous / [ed] Yana Hashamova , Beth Holmgren & Mark Lipovetsky, New York: Routledge, 2016, 192-208 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Schellings politiska filosofi, Gud och individens frihet2014In: Tysk idealism / [ed] Anders Burman, Rebecka Lettevall, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2014, 195-216 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bergh, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Mimesis och den moderna konsten: En studie av Theodor W. Adornos konstfilosofi2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this essay is to examine and reconstruct one of Theodor Adorno's most enigmatic philosophical concepts – the notion of mimesis. Mimesis is a fundamental pole in language, relating to imitation and mimicry. It plays an important role in all of Adorno's writings, although it is rarely if ever defined rigorously as a concept. In this essay I will develop an analysis of the mimetic that traces Adornos use of the concept in two of his major works: The Dialectic of Enlightenment and Aesthetic Theory. Adorno relates the question of mimesis to the dichotomy of nature and culture, it manifests as a mediating link between the two. Mimesis is a central trait in all culture in the sense that it is the means by which humans explain their position in the world they inhabit. By mimicking the world around them, the dangers of this world becomes intelligible and, ultimately, exploitable in human affairs. In this sense the spheres of nature and culture are revealed as an interconnected whole within the mimetic logic of identification. This reading of mimesis marks in a broader sense the ontological status that Adorno ascribes to aesthetics: the mimetic is at the same time an element of linguistic ontology and a thoroughly aesthetical notion. This essay will explore this reading of mimesis and develop the notion within the framework of the nature/culture dichotomy, focusing on Adorno's theory of prehistoric mimesis in ancient society and modern mimesis in radical art. The mimetic pole is central to the workings of the new and the unknown in the aesthetic sphere and it is a crucial element in Adorno's theory of modern aesthetics. A study of Adorno's notion of mimesis has a potential to illustrate the significance he attributes to aesthetics overall. Through the mimetic element inherent in art, aesthetics becomes more than just a field of experience, it marks a central element in all human conduct.

  • 4. Birnbaum, Daniel
    et al.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Figuring the Matrix: Lyotard’s Les Immatériaux, 19852014In: Place and Displacement: Exhibiting Architecture / [ed] Thordis Arrhenius, Mari Lending, Wallis Miller, Jérémie Michael McGowan, Baden: Lars Müller Publishers , 2014, 73-89 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bjarkö, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Husserl och subjektets självständighet: En undersökning av medvetandets relation till världen i Ideer I och Fenomenologins grundproblem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a famous passage in Ideas I, Husserl claims that the pure consciousness is to be understood as independent of anything apart from itself in order to constitute itself, and that it therefore is able exist without a world at all. This notion seems to be contradicted in many of Husserl’s other works as well as stand in conflict with the core of phenomenology itself as a descriptive science of intentional consciousness. Three years before the publication of Ideas I, Husserl held a series of lectures that were later published with the title The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Here, in stark contrast to Ideas I, the inquiry culminates in stepping beyond the subject as self-given and immanent by instead focusing on intersbjectivity and phenomenological time-consciousness. This essay sets out to examine the relation between the transcendental subject in these two works. It is argued that, while the phenomenological epoché indeed establishes a subject that is prior to the world in the sense that it does not need to suppose the world to guarantee its own existence, Husserl’s philosophical project in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology shows the importance of going beyond such an immanent subject to uncover the full phenomenological field. 

  • 6.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Rahels dröm2017In: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 413-420 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Martinson, MattiasUppsala Universitet.Svenungson, JayneLunds universitet.
    Monument and Memory2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Smith, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Introduction2016In: Phenomenology of Pregnancy / [ed] Nicholas Smith & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, 7-14 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology takes its starting point in the conviction that a phenomenologyof pregnancy could play an important role in contemporary thought. Stating this is also an acknowledgment that it doesn’t play such a role—yet. The aim of this anthology is to contribute to making philosophical reflectionon pregnancy a greater part of the discussions to come.

  • 9.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Smith, NicholasSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Phenomenology of Pregnancy2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fundamental and irreducible experience of carrying a child and bringing forth new life from one’s own body is in this anthology subjected to careful analyses that specifically, though not exclusively, draw on female experiences. In this way the crucial role of a phenomenology of pregnancy for contemporary thought is investigated. Exploring the phenomenon of pregnancy not just as a biological process, but also as a problem of lived bodily meaning, the contributions investigate a wide array of experiences that engage the limits of human life, subjectivity, intersubjectivity, and ethics, but also opens important methodological perspectives on the relation transcendental phenomenology and empirical research.

  • 10.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Introduction: Madness, Religion and the Limits of Reason2015In: Madness, Religion, and the Limits of Reason / [ed] Jonna Bornemark & Sven-Olov Wallenstein, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2015, 7-22 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Wallenstein, Sven-OlovSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Madness, Religion, and the Limits of Reason2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of a limit of reason, a measure that defines reason and that it must not overstep, has been a constitutive part of philosophy since its beginnings in Greek thought. Placing itself in opposition to the madness of hubris, the excesses of tragedy, and the stories of religion and myth, philosophy expels its others just as much as it thrives on them. It begins and ends at the limit; it is drawn towards its outside, and exists as a perpetual attempt to find a line of demarcation that always ends up passing through its interior.

    The present collection analyzes the phenomenon of limit and excess, through readings that range from tragedy and Greek thought, through early Christianity and the Renaissance, to modern phenomenology and philosophy of language.

  • 12.
    Broberg, Vicki
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Biopolitiken, regerandekomplexet och det nyliberala subjektet: En läsning av tre begrepp hos Michel Foucault2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Christola, Victor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Tingens lydnad och människans väntan: Nödvändighet, nåd, handling och tänkande i Simone Weils filosofi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis engages in a quest to understand the concepts of necessity and grace in Simone Weils thinking. The question in play, in which many more questions lie hidden, reads as follows: How does Weil understand the operations of grace in relation to the ”blind necessity” of the natural world, and what are the philosophical implications of this concept of grace? What are, for instance, given her understanding of the world as God’s creation, the metaphysical grounds for a basic human activitiy such as thinking or reflexion? A reading of Simone Weils works on necessity, grace, affliction and attention is contrasted with her thoughts on science, method and truth. The concept of necessity is compared to the one of Spinoza, especially on the subject of how the good or the just relates to the true and the necessary: it shows there are interesting similarities and illuminating differences between the two philosophers’ lines of thought. Here, the concept of attention becomes central to the image: the idea of a cultivated mode of reception of the world and of the Other. Attention is analogously understood as a method of prayer and a cultivated ethical attitude towards other human beings – and an ideal scientific state of mind. In the final chapter of the analytic part of the composition, Weils concept of grace is investigated in regard to concepts of thinking and understanding. Here, Leibniz idea of the divine world and the divine mind plays a concise but important role on the matter of a tentative metaphysical grounding of thinking as such – how this can be thought and how it reflects and deepens Simone Weils metaphysics, especially her understanding of the highest states of insight into the nature of the world as partly a work of divine grace. In the last chapter Walter Benjamins vision of the coming philosophy as a consolidation between Immanuel Kants transcendental philosophy and religious experience – and religious thought – show the way for further investigation into the field, a field that the thesis has outlined at the same time as it has attempted to answer some specific questions that seems to be the most urgent ones. 

  • 14.
    Fareld, Victoria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ruin, HansSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Historiens hemvist I: Den historiska tidens former2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Gamper, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    On a Loophole in Causal Closure2017In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 45, no 2, 631-636 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standard definitions of causal closure focus on where the causes in question are. In this paper, the focus is changed to where they are not. Causal closure is linked to the principle that no cause of another universe causes an event in a particular universe. This view permits the one universe to be affected by the other via an interface. An interface between universes can be seen as a domain that violates the suggested account of causal closure, suggesting a view in which universes are causally closed whereas interfaces are not. On this basis, universes are not affected by other universes directly but rather indirectly. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 16.
    Grelz, Astrid
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    A Phenomenology of Transcendence : Edith Stein and the Lack of Authentic Otherness in Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to shed light upon the philosophical dignity of Edith Stein’s critique of the early Heideggerian conception of sociality in her text ”Martin Heideggers Existenzphilosophie”, from 1936. I will argue that Stein’s critique of Heidegger’s concept of sociality comes to be substantiated through her existential-philosophical approach to his understanding of the transcendent character of Dasein. By objecting to Heidegger’s definition of Dasein as ecstatic temporality, Stein points out his inattentiveness to authentic otherness in Being and Time, which reaches out into a problem surrounding Mitsein. I will further demonstrate how Stein, by ascribing to Dasein an enduring and sustaining quality in the midst of ecstasy, uses Heidegger’s concept of Dasein in order to formulate her own social ontology.

  • 17.
    Hatem, Jad
    et al.
    Universite St Joseph.
    Ruin, HansSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Katarina Frostenson: Textes et commentaires sur son oeuvre poétique2013Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Hedlund, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Vad kan schizot lära Freud?: Om Deleuze och Guattaris kritik av Freud, och det mångfaldiga subjektet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Deleuze and Guattaris extensive critique of psychoanalysis is clearly demonstrated in their reading of Freuds famous case study The Wolfman. This paper aims to examine this critique, addressed in the chapter One or Several Wolves? of A Thousand Plateaus. The aim is to illustrate an alternative view of the subject to the one presented by Freud. Freuds's method is understanding the self by interpreting the unconscious as seen from the analyst's perspective. This paper seeks to present a different approach by regarding the unconscious as productive and collective. This description of the self formulate alternative suggestions as to how to treat mental illness. The paper uses the anti-psychiatric clinic La Borde as an example of this in practice.

  • 19.
    Hjalmarsson, August
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    När tiden upphör vara krökt av Gud: en undersökning av Kants shakespeareska aspekt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to understand the relationship between Shakespeare’s poetical formula, which is Hamlet´s claim that “time is out of joint” and Kant’s positioning of time (and space) based on Deleuze’s conception in Sur quatre formules poétiques qui pourraient résumerla philosophie kantienne from 1986. I explore this relationship in the way of how Deleuze relates it to the entanglement between time and movement. With Kant, time becomes purely formal and it has unrolled itself into a pure “straight line” that is all the more mysterious for being simple. The consequences of this new Kantian definition of time are tremendous: the ancient cosmological harmony between the world and the heavens, man and the heavenly gods have broken down. Time has ceased to be an image of the eternal order and time has ceased to be curved by God. When time has shaken off its subordination to the periodical movements of planets it is out of joint, and in order to see how that time operates I will relate it to the temporality within tragic drama.

  • 20.
    Huss, Markus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Manns, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Tid, minne, representation: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram2016Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala universitet.
    Litteraturen som nyckeln till frihet2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 3 januari, 34- p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Jonas, Jadvi
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Vara i frågande: Från den fundamentalontologiska frågan i Heideggers Vara och tid till det vara-historiska frågandet i Bidrag till filosofin2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event), Heidegger submits an attempt to think from a more original position within being by presenting ”a deeper form of questioning”. This attempt is supposed to serve as the final transition from what he calls ”the guiding question” to ”the basic question” and with that the final leap from the metaphysical tradition still present in Being and Ttime into ”the second beginning”, free from transcendental thinking. The intention of this essay is to observe how the being-historical questioning is presented in Contributions to Philosophy as it is contrasted with the position of the question in Being and time. In my endeavor to understand ”the questioning”, two of Heideggers lecture courses on Saint Augustine are presented. I show how Heidegger pinpoints Saint Augustine’s turn from searching for God as an object into forming himself into a question, and so in prayer becoming the very thing he is searching for in a deeper form of questioning. Furthermore he claims that Augustine’s ”not knowing” (nescio) has been consistently misread as a lack of knowledge, whilst it is in fact a pre-requisite for the real break through of true knowledge. I suggest that Heideggers re-reading of nescio can be helpful in trying to understand the preparation for the Event of the second beginning of which the questioning is a part.

  • 23.
    Kasprzak, Krystof
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Tankens skygghet och beundran som en filosofisk grundstämning2017In: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 51-60 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Kasprzak, Krystof
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Vara - Framträdande - Värld: Fenomenets negativitet hos Martin Heidegger, Jan Patočka och Eugen Fink.2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present investigation discusses the phenomenological concept of the phenomenon through an interpretation of the meaning of the negativity of the phenomenon in the philosophical works of Martin Heidegger, Jan Patočka and Eugen Fink. This negativity is thematised in terms of a loss and a privation that leads to a description of the appearing of the phenomenon as a sublime event, which exposes existence to an absence of meaning. A formulation of the absence in question as a dynamic movement of existence opens a new perspective on what it means to do phenomenology: phenomenological thinking does not begin with the immediate givenness of appearance, but through the trembling of meaning in the experience of a loss of the phenomenon.

  • 25.
    Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Conjuring Life: Magic in the poetics of Marina Tsvetaeva2013In: Poznan Slavic Studies, ISSN 2084-3011, no 4, 239-251 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    The "secret fire" of living life: Marina cvetaeva's demonic poetics2013In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, E-ISSN 1600-082X, Vol. 59, no 1, 58-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the demonic poetics that the Russian Modernist poet Marina Cvetaeva develops in a series of articles that she wrote in the 1930s, with particular focus on The Devil (1935) and Puškin and Pugačev (1936-1937). I examine the demonology as a means of treating the question of the nature of poetic language. I relate this question to the notion of a Poetry of Intent that Cvetaeva developed in 1924, and to the Romantic tradition as a ground for her Modernist poetics. The central question that governs Cvetaeva's demonic mythologizations is what it is that separates literature, conceived as poetry or romance, from other forms of speaking or imagining the world. I show that Cvetaeva gives more or less the same answer to this question in all these essays, and that is that literature in a secret and oblique way can speak of living life, that is, life in its living form, beyond the categories of representation.

  • 27.
    Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    The poetry of poverty: 'Poėma Lestnicy' by Marina Cvetaeva2013In: Russian literature, ISSN 0304-3479, E-ISSN 1878-3678, Vol. 73, no 4, 591-617 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a reading of Marina Tsvetaeva's 'Poema lestnitsy' (1926) as a critique of the reifying ontology of modern society. The back staircase of the poor becomes the locus of a burning lyrical revolt by the elemental nature of things against their objectifying use. I argue that the poem's social and lyrical pathos was inspired by Vladimir Maiakovskii's 'Oblako v shtanakh' (1914-1915), but that the theme may also be related to a Modernist ontological debate. The poem presents a metapoetic image of the elemental, non-reifiable poetic world and its resistance to commodification.

  • 28.
    Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Giving away the giving: Love according to Platonov in 'Reka Potudan'2014In: Med blicken österut: hyllningsskrift till Per-Arne Bodin / [ed] Ambrosiani, Per Löfstrand, Elisabeth Teodorowicz-Hellman, Ewa, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma, 2014, Vol. 23, 207-216 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Lane, Tora
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    The School of Socialist Realist Education: The Case of Fedor Gladkov2017In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, E-ISSN 1600-082X, Vol. 63, no 1, 43-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to reconsider the doctrine of Socialist Realism against the backdrop of the tradition of modern realism as an aesthetic form of instructing the modern subject through sentimental political education. Socialist Realism is here considered as a school for instructing the reader to an understanding of historical and social reality that is based on an idea of a transference between reality and literature proper to modern realism. I look in particular at Fedor Gladkov’s rewritings of Cement to examine how reality and literature fuse in a narrative describing the genesis of an oeuvre. I argue that what is characteristic for Gladkov is that he as a writer was willing to learn how to write in the image of Gor′kij because he considered literature as a school of learning how to write and at the same time how to acquire the correct awareness and knowledge of historical reality. This was also what guided him in the editions. The reason for doing so was that he was set on reality, and not on the technique of writing.

  • 30.
    Lavonius, Jakob
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Utopi och fetisch: Modets repressiva och utopiska dimensioner hos den sene Walter Benjamin med utgångspunkt i hans historiefilosofi2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Fashion is the eternal recurrence of the new. Are there nevertheless motifs of redemption precisely in fashion?” This question, left unanswered in Walter Benjamin’s late text “Central Park”, is the point of departure for this thesis. Benjamin is both adamant and explicit in his critique of fashion’s alienating influence on the collective, but despite this he seems at times to ascribe to it some kind of revolutionary potential. The most well-known instance of this is the 14th thesis of “Theses on the Concept of History”. There, Benjamin compares the ”tiger’s leap” of sartorial citation to the historical leap of the Marxist revolution. Employing Benjamin’s philosophy of history as a theoretical framework, this thesis examines the roles ascribed to fashion in The Arcades Project, in order to elaborate on its political potential in Benjamin’s late thinking, as well as to understand this potential in light of Benjamin’s critique of fashion as fetishism and phantasmagoria. 

  • 31.
    Lawrence, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    A Brief Introduction to Transcendental Phenomenology and Conceptual Mathematics2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By extending Husserl’s own historico-critical study to include the conceptual mathematics of more contemporary times – specifically category theory and its emphatic development since the second half of the 20th century – this paper claims that the delineation between mathematics and philosophy must be completely revisited. It will be contended that Husserl’s phenomenological work was very much influenced by the discoveries and limitations of the formal mathematics being developed at Göttingen during his tenure there and that, subsequently, the rôle he envisaged for his material a priori science is heavily dependent upon his conception of the definite manifold. Motivating these contentions is the idea of a mathematics which would go beyond the constraints of formal ontology and subsequently achieve coherence with the full sense of transcendental phenomenology. While this final point will be by no means proven within the confines of this paper it is hoped that the very fact of opening up for the possibility of such an idea will act as a supporting argument to the overriding thesis that the relationship between mathematics and phenomenology must be problematised. 

  • 32.
    Lindén, Claudia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Vampyren, de odöda och historiens oro: Historiemedvetande som begär och fasa2016In: Historiens hemvist I: Den historiska tidens former / [ed] Victoria Fareld & Hans Ruin, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, 81-112 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Lundberg, Carl-Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Om den dolda grunden i Hannah Arendts politiska tänkande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis of this essay is to show that there is a complex and deep ground in Hannah Arendt ́s political thinking. A ground that, thru Immanuel Kant ́s first and third critiques, is going back to the thinking of the ancient Greek ideas of insight, nous, a concept used especially by Aristotle, but also by Parmenides. My idea is that Arendt ́s attempt to establish her political thinking in the idea of common sense, or in Latin:sensus communis, needs a deeper understanding, thou the use and interpretation of common sense as a concept today is deeply under influence of a liberal ideological preunderstanding; meaning the (moral) things everyone knows without any special efforts. In my view there is no chance that Arendt joins, or supports that kind of shallow interpretation of the idea of common sense, thou that would make her political thinking as banal as she accuses most of the modern politics to be, which of course is very contradictive. In other words must her understanding of the concept of common sense, sensus communis, be founded on a much deeper level, a level which we can find in her essays if we look real hard, and read as open as a real reading must be based on. Her language and her recurring references to time, gives us the leads to where to dig; to where, and through which thinking, we can find her deeper ground, a ground that hopefully will make all her political thinking clearer.

  • 34.
    Majling, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Epiktetos om den cyniska filosofen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines Epictetus' view on Cynic philosophy, as it is being expressed in chapter 22 of the third book of Diatribai ("The Discourses"). The chapter has traditionally been seen as an idealized and deceitful portrait of the Cynic, and has been questioned as an intended justification of stoics and Cynics in the overall view on the history of philosophy. This thesis, however, attempts a different approach on the matter, based upon a thorough discussion regarding the field of research, as well as on different ways to read and understand the text at hand, in order to seek out a view that goes beyond the traditional distinction between practice and theory. The thesis thus challenges the view where the philosophy of Epictetus is seen as an instrumental practice of stoic theory, isolated to the field of ethics.

     

    The reading of the chapter focuses mainly on the philosophical purpose of the text and its intended practice, and finds that much of the stoic ascetic practice is not only taught through instructions, but also performed in the lecture and Epictetus' way of speaking. Epictetus' portrait of the philosophical Cynic is thus understood, not only as an extreme end that serves as an ascetic role-model, but also as a basic archetype of what it actually means to practice a philosophical way of thinking, that is of central importance to Epictetus philosophy. This sheds a new light on both the traditional distinction between stoic theory and practice, and on much of the research performed on the field of stoicism this far, as well as on that of Cynicism.

  • 35.
    Malmström, Mona
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Om Wittgensteins Tractatus: ett solipsistiskt begreppssystem och dess funktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to find out whether Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus can be equated with a conceptual system or ”Begriffsschrift”, and what the function of such a representative system would be. How can solipsism, idealism and realism be understood given that interpretation?

    Wittgenstein’s early philosophical inquiry revolved around the same problem with which Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell had dealt with. But according to Georg Henrik von Wright, Wittgenstein forcefully questioned their idea that logic can constitute a general foundation and Wittgenstein was particularly against the idea that mathematics requires a foundation of logic. The thesis discusses how this can be deduced from a close reading of Russell’s introduction to the Tractatus. The results from this reading coupled with a review of the concepts of solipsism and subject give a divergent interpretation on what is complex and what can only be shown.

    The study indicates that what solipsism disclose is that a variable that consists of ”I”, referred to a subject, cannot be equated with a variable ”x” because ”I” include an unwanted function which gives rise to a nonsensical generality.

  • 36.
    Marklund, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Vår fasas bygd, vårt hem på jorden2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 22 februari, 6-7 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Nancy, Jean-Luc
    et al.
    Strasbourg University, France.
    Schuback, Marcia Sá Cavalcante
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    History, improvised: A short dialogue between Jean-Luc Nancy and Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback2016In: Philosophy today (Celina), ISSN 0031-8256, E-ISSN 2329-8596, Vol. 60, no 4, 827-838 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text, a dialogue about the difficult task of seizing the sense of history today is presented. The point of departure is the difficulty of the times to begin and the necessity to rethink the difference between historiography and historicity, and further between events, the event and the advent. The dialogue proposes to revisit the meaning of beginning from out of the experience of improvisation and to reflect upon the possibility of developing improvisation as a sense of history.

  • 38.
    Norenius, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Att Vandra i Intets Närhet: Wittgenstein, Heidegger och Vägen Bortom Filosofins Slut2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What does it mean to occupy the other side of what is - to “be” the nothing that lies beyond being? Or, in other words: Where yonder the End of Philosophy? Thus reads the first and final line of inquiry that we, the philosophers of this age, are impelled to pursue. Such is the case, I contend, in light of the fact that our time quite simply is that of the eschatological aftermath, the “postmodern” era where the purportedly “greatest” thinkers of our immediate past, Martin Heidegger and Ludwig Wittgenstein, have, each in his own way, already declared philosophical moratorium. Yet it seems to me there is curious and vital affinity to the philosophical legacy these thinkers, whose mark on history is, paradoxically, so wide and so deep as to be at once indelible and invisible. Accordingly, this thesis seeks to render Heidegger and Wittgenstein, each a formidable critic of the philosophical tradition, as mutually complementary voices, speaking not of an end-to-be, but on the way beyond the end-that-is-past. In writing on the disjunctive parallelism evident in their famed non-encounter, I hope to clarify the nature and purpose of contemporary philosophical practice. My principal argument is that, in locating philosophy, conceived as a thematic study of the being of what is, within language, Wittgenstein and Heidegger both came to view language itself as the pre-philosophical nothing, which, in its wordless non-identity or self-difference, presents a way beyond the word and world of traditional philosophical thinking. It is my hope that, in outlying the shared strains of their respective critical disclosures of the relation between language and philosophy, I will be able to say not the same, but something yet unsaid, addressing our time, the time after the end, as a period of continued, self-critical thinking and speaking about that which, as the difference between the spoken word and that which is, prepares the way towards an experience of the hitherto “impossible” meaning of non-being.

  • 39.
    Rat, Ramona
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Un-common Sociality: Thinking Sociality with Levinas2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present investigation develops the notion of sociality based on Emmanuel Levinas’s thought, and proposes an understanding of sociality that resists becoming a common foundation: an un-common sociality which interrupts the reciprocal shared common, and thereby, paradoxically, makes it possible. By engaging in the larger debate on community, this work gives voice to Levinas on the question of community without a common ground, a topic and a debate where he has previously been underestimated. In this way, the aim is to reveal new directions opened up by Levinas’s philosophy in order to think an un-common sociality.

  • 40.
    Renqvist, Anna-Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Tid i exil2017In: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 143-153 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Rex, Johannes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Oändligt Ändlig: Om den ändliga tidens fulländning, en läsning av M. Heideggers Vara och tid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through Martin Heideggers critique of the traditional metaphysical understanding of temporality the relationship between the infinite and finite has been set in a new light. Heidegger emphasizes that the human being only inheres in the realm of finitude, but, in his debate with Ernst Cassirer at Davos in 1929, he says that the human being has a certain infinitude in her ontological understanding of being. In this essay I aim to explore the possibilities of this statement by showing how the finitude of Dasein is only finite in respect to an infinite horizon, as in the metaphysical understanding of the temporal existence as rooted in an atemporal essence, but that Heideggers concept of finitude must be understood as a kind of infinite finitude.

  • 42.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Anamnemic subjectivity: new steps toward a hermeneutics of memory2015In: Continental philosophy review, ISSN 1387-2842, E-ISSN 1573-1103, Vol. 48, no 2, 197-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic and theme of memory has occupied an ambiguous position in phenomenological and hermeneutic thinking from the start, at once central and marginalized. Parallel to and partly following upon the general turn toward collective and cultural memory in the human and social sciences over the last decades, the importance of memory in and for phenomenological and hermeneutic theory has begun to emerge more clearly. The article seeks to untangle the reasons for the ambiguous position of this theme. It describes how and why the question of what memory is can provide a unique entrance to thinking the temporality and historicity of human existence, while at the same time it can also block the access to precisely these most fundamental levels of subjectivity. The text argues for a deeper mutual theoretical engagement between phenomenological–hermeneutical thinking and contemporary cultural memory studies, on the basis of an understanding of memory as finite and ec-static temporality, and as the enigma of so-called anamnetic subjectivity.

  • 43.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Narrating Identity: Stories of who we are2013In: Facets on Identity: the Baltic Sea Region and beyond / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Copenhagen: Baltic Development Forum , 2013, 12-16 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Sokrates inför döden2013In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 34, no 1, 19-22 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Att skapa ett forskningsprogram om Tid och Minne2013In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 1, 56-60 p.Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Kant och det sublima2013In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 34, no 2, 33-36 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Thinking Through the Prism of Life2013In: Foundations of Science, ISSN 1233-1821, E-ISSN 1572-8471, Vol. 18, no 2, 387-392 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article provides an overview of the argument in Robert Scharff's pap= "Displacing epistemology: Being in the midst of technoscientific practic= (Scharff 2011), focusing on his central objective, to articulate a hidde= ground of the current controversies in the philosophy of science and tech= logy studies, between objectivism and constructivism, through a deeper co= rontation with Heidegger's legacy. The commentary addresses two aspects o= Scharffs argument that deserve to be developed further, namely how it bot= criticizes and cultivates itself an ideal of the meta-knower, and how the= dea of thinking from the perspective of life in Dilthey's sense can be cr= ically reflected through Heidegger's later criticism. By rehearsing Heide= er's understanding of truth as aletheia, and also his gradually increased= riticism of the very concept of life, the commentary tries to show how Sc= rff's intervention can in fact be strengthened against possible criticism.

  • 48.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Anxious Spirits: Pneumatology in Heidegger, Paul, and Kierkegaard2014In: Topos, ISSN 1815-0047, no 1, 39-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Gravskrift2014In: Stagneliusbladet, ISSN 1403-302X, Vol. 17, no 2, 8-13 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Sanning som hermeneutisk erfarenhet2014In: Divan, ISSN 1101-1408, no 1-2, 89-100 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
1234 1 - 50 of 185
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