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  • 1.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    De avvisade: om judarna som Sverige skickade mot döden2024Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    De sökte en fristad i Sverige undan förföljelserna i Nazityskland. Men svenska myndigheter sade nej, med hänvisning till 1937 års utlänningslag, olika kungörelser och hemliga anvisningar från Socialstyrelsen. Deras namn hamnade på särskilda vägrarlistor som distribuerades till polisens gränskontroller, svenska ambassader och konsulat. Budskapet var att ingen av dem skulle släppas in i landet.

    Följden: alla mördades i Förintelsen, efter att ha blivit av- eller utvisade, alternativt drabbats av svenska myndigheters senfärdighet. Däribland konsertmästaren Max Askanas från Leipzig, charkuteristen Henoch Schöngut från Berlin, paret Hertha och Simon Parnass från Hamburg, konstnärinnan Valerie Jungmann och fotohandlaren Salomon Feutchtbaum från Wien. I den här boken berättar journalisten Christoph Andersson deras historia, utifrån vad som finns bevarat om dem i svenska, tyska och österrikiska arkiv − och i deras efterlevandes minnen.

    Det är en bok om ett mörkt kapitel i Sveriges historia − flyktingpolitiken under åren 1937 till 1942. Beslutad i god demokratisk ordning av riksdag och regering, med katastrofala konsekvenser.

  • 2.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Interactivity, multimedia, and animation in news storytelling: The New York Times' “Snow Fall,” Swedish SvD's “Räntekartan,” and Brazilian Aos Fatos' “Fátima”2024Ingår i: Milestones in Digital Journalism / [ed] John V. Pavlik, New York: Routledge, 2024, 1, s. 1990-2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactivity in news storytelling has introduced possibilities for the audience to be in control of the story. These complex animations come from a convergence of skills and have managed to somewhat displace the boundaries of what journalism is, how it is produced, and how it can be consumed. In this chapter, a historical account of successful and failed media-rich news features will help us understand the hybrid role of interactivity in journalism and how it affects journalistic decision-making, starting with the forgotten technology of electronic paper (e-paper), originally designed for transmission over the digital audio broadcasting network (DAB), and the early development of news apps (news applications) such as ProPublica's Dollars for Docs to the animation used in the long-read format of The New York Times' “Snow Fall” and the development of journalistic crowdsourced data visualizations based on easy-to-use tools such as Swedish SvD's Räntekartan. Furthermore, visualizations in journalism include elements that engage and educate the audience, such as the sensor data-based German WDR animal welfare project Super Cows. While interactivity can soften hard news topics and make the audience stay longer with the content, news stories are protected by traditional norms. Therefore, interactive features are still modest, sometimes surprisingly simple, and normalized to traditional journalism practices.

  • 3.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Taradai, Daria (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Orlova, Dariya (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Ukraina och informationskrigets nya vägar: Sociala medier, krigsrapportering och desinformation2024 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier spelar en central roll i nyhetsflödet från kriget i Ukraina. Både som källor och som plattformar för distribution och cirkulation av innehåll. I de sociala medieflödena finns viktiga vittnesskildringar från människor som befinner sig i krigets centrum, men också desinformation och konspirationsteorier. I Ukraina har den sociala medieplattformen Telegram blivit den viktigaste källan till information för många människor, trots att den har ryska rötter. 

    Den här boken undersöker nyhetsflödet från kriget i Ukraina, men också människors medieanvändning och förtroende för den information de möter genom olika typer av medier. Den är resultatet av ett samarbete mellan svenska och ukrainska forskare som analyserat tusentals artiklar och uppdateringar på sociala medier, gjort intervjuer med medieanvändare i Ukraina, och analyserat svenska folkets nyhetskonsumtion. Allt detta lägger grunden för en analys av ett nytt och framväxande hybridmediesystem, där traditionella, alternativa, och sociala medier konkurrerar om människors uppmärksamhet, men också ger olika bilder av krigets orsaker och konsekvenser. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Ukraina och informationskrigets nya vägar: Sociala medier, krigsrapportering och desinformation
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    presentationsbild
  • 4.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Barbro Alvings folkhemsblick exotiserar Norrland2023Ingår i: Mediehistorisk tidsskrift, E-ISSN 2464-4277, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 299-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    När den legendariska svenska reportern Barbro Alving, signaturen Bang, 1951 åker på reportageresa till det svenska Norrland gör hon sig till talesperson för myndigheternas framväxande välfärdsprojekt. Detta innebär att norrlänningar ska uppfostras till bättre hygien, bättre matvanor och bättre läsvanor. Den här artikeln gör generaliserande värderingar synliga när narratologisk och medieretorisk analys samt stilanalys belyser ett samspel mellan berättarperspektiv och berättarröst i Bangs åtta reportage från Norrland. Analysen visar hur valet av källor återspeglar ett klassamhälle där högre samhällsföreträdare, tillsammans med den berättande reportern, får stå för artikelseriens problemformuleringar samtidigt som framför allt fattiga kvinnors livssituation skildras med medkänsla men sällan någon djupare inlevelse. Med en närmast filantropisk blick görs norrlänningar till föremål för ”folkhemmets” välfärdsförbättrande insatser, samtidigt som de själva inte inkluderas i det ”vi” där reportern och hennes Stockholmsläsare ingår.

  • 5.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Den engagerade reportern: Svenska sociala reportage 1910–20102023 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala reportage skrivs av reportrar som strider för de svaga och avslöjar missförhållanden. Så har det hetat inom yrket, i handböcker och bland genrens supportrar. Men vad döljer sig bakom idealet? Och hur ser engagemanget ut när det omvandlas till text? Den här boken lyfter fram reportage av några av 1900-talets mest hyllade svenska reportrar och synar på vilka sätt texterna förmedlar ett engagemang till läsaren. De narratologiskt grundade analyserna utförs mot en bakgrund av skiftande idéer om en reporters samhällsroll. Det visar sig att engagemanget ofta är tidsanknutet och kan motarbetas av generaliserande värderingar om porträtterade människor. Här blir skillnaden mellan inlevelse och medkänsla avgörande.

    De valda reportrarna representerar det svenska sociala reportaget vid centrala brytpunkter inom traditionen. Ester Blenda Nordström och Gustaf Hellström har valts för 1910-talet, Ivar Lo-Johansson för åren kring 1930, Barbro Alving för 1950-talet, Jan Guillou för 1970-talet och Maciej Zaremba och Karen Söderberg för 1990- och 2000-talen.

  • 6.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Local Journalism With State Support2023Ingår i: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 401-403Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the system of press subsidies was expanded in 2019 to give special support for “weakly covered areas.” This new support has had positive effects, but changes in the system also introduced new demands on the content concerning democratic values etc. If state support should be used for saving local journalism, how far can state influence on the content be acceptable for independent local media? The commentary describes the system of support and discusses this crucial question.

  • 7.
    Malling, Milda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Reconstructing the Informal and Invisible: Interactions Between Journalists and Political Sources in Two Countries2023Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 683-703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A significant part of the interaction between journalists and their sources in political journalism is informal or not mentioned in the media content. Visibility/invisibility and formality/informality are tactical choices applied by journalists and sources. They influence agenda building in the short term and shared interpretations that dominate the public sphere in the long term.However, the extent to which informal and/or invisible sources participate, what their role is, and why have not been consistently measured. This paper offers a matrix model to map and compare the usage of formal/informal and visible/invisible interactions between journalists and their sources. The data consists of 475 journalist-source interactions in Lithuania and Sweden reconstructed by 33 political journalists.The results demonstrate how different interactions presuppose different source roles in the news process. Formal invisible sources act as gatekeepers, and informal invisible sources act as agenda setters.

  • 8.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Rysk journalistik mellan makt och professionalism2023Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, nr 1, s. 173-195Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Russian journalism has always existed in the tension between political power and a more or less independent intelligentia. This was the case during the old czar regime as well as during different periods of the Soviet Union era. At the end of the Cold War liberalization followed, which offered Russian journalism a kind of freedom it had never known. However, despite an increased indepen-dence, journalism continued to be used as a political tool and what autonomy that had been achieved by journalists as a professional group remained limited. At the same time and despite exposing themselves to great risks there were Russian journalists who maintained their autonomy and continued to challenge the regime. Since Putin came to power, the room of maneuver for independent journalism has gradually diminished. As a result, Russian journalism and independent media institutions develop and carry out their work in exile mimicking a pattern of a 19th century tradition. The regime tries to control various information flows but finds it increasingly difficult to do so with global digital networks and VPN-services that circumvent any blocking.

  • 9.
    Morini, Francesca
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. UCLab, Fachhochschule Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany.
    Dörk, Marian
    UCLab, Fachhochschule Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Sensing What’s New: Considering Ethics When Using Sensor Data in Journalistic Practices2023Ingår i: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 465-483Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As data are becoming increasingly central to journalistic practice, a number of technology-driven approaches are emerging among data journalists. This article focuses on sensor journalism, which brings new practical and ethical concerns to journalism. By interviewing and working with data journalists and journalism scholars, we analyze the new technological and ethical challenges that sensors bring to journalism. The results contribute to the knowledge on how data journalists implicitly embed ethical values into their everyday work. Furthermore, they suggest that general ethical values are revisited and extended by the influence of sensors.

  • 10.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Skiftande berättarperspektiv och självkritisk reporter komplicerar bilden: Budskap och berättarteknik i tre svenska reportageböcker om gängkriminalitet2023Ingår i: Journalistica, ISSN 1901-6220, E-ISSN 1904-7967, Vol. 17, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hur ser berättelsen om svensk gängkriminalitet ut i tre aktuella reportageböcker och med vilken berättarteknik är den konstruerad? Med en blandning av narratologisk och medieretorisk analysmetod undersöker den här artikeln hur innehåll och form samspelar i Mammorna av Alexandra Pascalidou, Familjen av Johanna Bäck- ström Lerneby och Tills alla dör av Diamant Salihu. En slutsats är att skiftande berättarperspektiv kan motverka ensidighet, samtidigt som narrativ medkänsla utan parallell narrativ inlevelse kan hindra läsarens möjlighet att föreställa sig de skildrade människornas situation. Dramatiserade händelseförlopp kan öka närvarokänslan, medan en reporter som ifrågasätter sin egen auktoritet uppmuntrar läsaren till att undvika förenklande slutsatser. Till sist bidrar person- beskrivningar och urval av fakta i de tre böckerna till skilda budskap. Studien visar att reportagegenren tack vare sin narrativa form har potential att skildra samhällsproblem på komplexa sätt. Detta gäller särskilt när gestaltningen kombineras med gedigen faktaresearch. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 11.
    Springer, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Orlova, Dariya
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Taradai, Daria
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sourcing Dis/Information: How Swedish and Ukrainian Journalists Source, Verify, and Mediate Journalistic Truth During the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict2023Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, nr 9, s. 1111-1130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalists form the middle links of global information chains, playing a decisive role in detecting and dismantling or amplifying problematic information. Information sourcing, verification, and transparency are important tools for journalists when they transmit their sense-making of events, i.e., the journalistic truth, to the audiences. This mixed-methods study of the disinformation-prone conflict between Russia and Ukraine investigates how journalists at different positions on the information chain-i.e., on the ground (Ukraine) and at a distance (Sweden)-source, verify, and narrate their journalistic truth to audiences. We found that, even in high-pressure situations created by hot conflicts, sourcing and verification remain mostly individualized practices that are shaped by internalized unwritten, professional rules of an oral newsroom culture. Verification protocols or specialized tools are largely absent. Sources were sometimes hard to detect in the journalistic content; claims about their verification status even harder. There was a fear that being overtly transparent about sources would jeopardize journalists' authority. Especially problematic are the precarious working and living conditions for journalists on the ground. These conditions make them vulnerable sources for journalists abroad.

  • 12.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The Case of Literary Journalism: Rethinking Fictionality, Narrativity, and Imagination2023Ingår i: Style, ISSN 0039-4238, E-ISSN 2374-6629, Vol. 57, nr 4, s. 440-458Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the genre of literary journalism/reportage against a background of earlier assumptions on fictionality. At a local level in nonfiction, fic- tionality can be expressed through invented stories and scenarios that create a con- trast to the global, nonfictive context. However, fictionality can also be expressed through stylistic devices that traditionally have been associated with narrative fic- tion. A local contrast may appear, but only if the genre in itself is not narrative. If the focus is on the nonfictional and narrative genre of literary journalism/reportage, there will be no contrast. Here, the rhetoric will work just like in narrative fiction and should be considered to be part of the features of narrativity. Furthermore, the concept imagination should be perceived in close relation to Monika Fludernik’s understanding of narrative as experience. The conclusion is a call to partly rethink existing connections between fictionality, narrativity, and imagination in order to better understand the narrative nature of reportage. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 13.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The No-Go Zone of Journalism Studies: Revisiting the Concept of Technological Determinism2023Ingår i: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 672-690Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to assess technological determinism in relation tointerdisciplinarity in journalism studies. Based on a scoping reviewof articles published during the last decade in three influentialscientific journals within the journalism studies field, DigitalJournalism, New Media & Society and Journalism, the study analyzesmanifestations of technological determinism and interdisciplinarity.The review includes in its analysis 127 articles published between2012 and 2022 that mention “technological determinism” and “journalism.” Furthermore, the study connects these manifestations tothe biographies of the authors in terms of their PhD dissertationdiscipline. The study raises two concerns. First, the analysis of themanifestation of technological determinism indicates that technological determinism is mainly thought of and discussed by thescholarly community from a functionalist viewpoint. It seems likescholarship that has added nuances and further developed thetheory has been disregarded or perhaps is not even known.Second, interdisciplinary research on technology becomes difficultsince the essence of technological determinism is considered ano-go zone in journalism studies. However, for the field of journalism studies to grow even stronger a revised delimitation isnecessary. To reduce the stigma around technological determinismas a concept, the limitation should not exclude the use of theconcept, but encourage a more nuanced assessment of it to contribute to the discussion of the role of technology in journalism.

  • 14.
    Picha Edwardsson, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Verification of Digital Sources in Swedish Newsrooms — A Technical Issue or a Question of Newsroom Culture?2023Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 17, nr 8, s. 1678-1695Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses and discusses attitudes and practices concerning verification among Swedish journalists. The research results are based on a survey of more than 800 Swedish journalists about their attitudes towards verification (Journalist 2018) and a design project where a prototype for verification in newsrooms – the Fact Check Assistant (FCA) – was developed and evaluated. The results of the survey show a lack of routines when it comes to verifying content from social media and blogs and considerable uncertainty among journalists about whether this kind of verification is possible.

    The development of the prototype initially created reactions of interest and curiosity from the newsroom staff. Gradually, however, the degree of scepticism about its usability increased. A lack of time and a lack of knowledge were two of the obstacles to introducing new verification routines. It is not enough to introduce new digital tools, according to the journalists. Management must also allocate time for training. The paper’s ultimate conclusion is that changing journalists’ and editors’ attitudes towards verification in this digital age appears to be guided by newsroom culture rather than technical solutions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    A Poetry of Grayness: Stig Dagerman's German Autumn as Postwar Reportage from Germany2022Ingår i: The Routledge Companion to World Literary Journalism / [ed] John S. Bak; Bill Reynolds, London: Routledge, 2022, s. 107-117Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Tysk höst (German Autumn) is perhaps the most famous Swedish reportage book from the twentieth century. It was written as a series of reportages by the young author Stig Dagerman and depicts the life of ordinary people in Germany in 1946. Themes such as suffering, guilt, and feelings of dejection are discussed, framed by an atmosphere of grayness. The reader is invited to empathize, not with certain individuals but rather with anyone who is cold, hungry, and bereaved of their beliefs. This chapter explores how these themes are made universally human by an advanced literary technique. Dagerman links the abstract to the concrete, the argumentation to what he has observed on the spot. This is achieved through figurative language, where key words are repeated, gradually transforming them in meaning and blurring the line between illustrated scenes and metaphors. The result becomes a paradoxical kind of gray expressiveness, where the power of the language seems to contradict the gloomy content.

  • 16.
    Picha Edwardsson, Malin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Automating the search and selection of news in municipal registries: Experiences from a Swedish participatory action research project2022Ingår i: Journal of Applied Journalism and Media Studies, ISSN 2001-0818, E-ISSN 2049-9531, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes a Swedish case study with a focus on how to enhance journalists’ professional autonomy, local news coverage and local democracy with the help of an automated search tool. The aim was to involve journalists in the development project using the theory of participatory action research and tailor a search tool to their specific needs to search for news stories in documents from municipalities. We conclude that user-centred design is a viable methodology when developing a new tool, but not necessarily when it comes to implementing the tool in journalists’ everyday practice, as the implementation is dependent on other factors connected to management and organizational structures. It became clear that the journalists were optimistic about the automated search tool as long as it made their work more efficient in terms of time and money and offered better possibilities for independent news discovery. We also noticed that some of the journalists’ professional knowledge about a certain geographical area or municipality became subordinate to the knowledge of how to best use available search tools.

  • 17.
    Picha Edwardsson, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Drivers and Barriers for Using Blockchain Technology to Create a Global Fact-Checking Database2022Ingår i: Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, E-ISSN 1986-3497, Vol. 12, nr 4, artikel-id e202228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A core concept within journalism is the demand for correctness and the ability to double-check news and its sources (Kovach & Rosenstiel, 2014). In this paper, we reflect on the development of a prototype to study the possible use of blockchain technology to create a global secure database of fact-checks that is open to the public. The prototype utilized Hyperledger fabric to create a permissioned blockchain that stores fact-checks created by its users. Through automated processes using smart contracts (chain code applications), we aimed to create a solution that would improve the reliability of fact-checking and keep track of each fact-checking process for digital content, including pictures and videos.

    Our conclusion is that it is indeed possible to create a blockchain-based system that allows the establishment of a network of fact-checkers that could collectively build and maintain a globally accessible fact-checking database. However, based on technical developments and the evaluation performed by the professional fact-checkers and data journalists in our study, we conclude that the cost, complexity, and rapid technological changes required in this domain indicate that blockchain technology is not yet ready to be directly applied to fact-checking processes in a real-world scenario.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 18.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Kalsnes, Bente
    Kristiania University College, Norway.
    Exploring the boundaries of Nordic journalism: Introduction to special issue2022Ingår i: Journalistica, ISSN 1901-6220, E-ISSN 1904-7967, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 6-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Riegert, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Roosvall, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Kulturjournalistikens världar: Om kulturbevakningens politiska, globala och digitala dimensioner2022Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ser världen ut när den betraktas genom ett kulturellt filter? Hur bidrar kulturjournalistiken till förståelsen av brännande samtidshändelser och samhällsfrågor? Är kulturjournalisternas oro för kritikens överlevnad i det digitala medielandskapet befogad?

    I denna bok undersöker tre medieforskare kulturjournalistikens utveckling sedan 1980-talet med särskilt fokus på omvärldsbilder och politiska dimensioner. Författarna kartlägger innehåll i tidningar, radio och tv och intervjuar kulturjournalister. De diskuterar de sociala mediernas betydelse och belyser svenskarnas intresse för kulturjournalistik.

    Det visar sig att kulturjournalistiken har ett unikt anslag jämfört med traditionell nyhetsjournalistik och politisk opinionsbildning. Den rör sig gärna bortom nationalstatliga förståelseramar och är debattdrivande på ett särpräglat sätt. Laddade kulturdebatter om #metoo, terrorism och identitetspolitik breder ut sig och lockar till klick. Samtidigt har recensionsgenren fortfarande en given roll i utbudet, även om den befinner sig i klicklandskapets utkanter.

    Boken ger en unik inblick i en sällan belyst del av det svenska medielandskapet, och tillför ny kunskap om kulturjournalistikens särskilda stildrag samt de roller den spelar i samhället och demokratin.

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  • 20.
    Lagercrantz, Anne
    et al.
    Sveriges Television, Sverige.
    Laurén, Anna-Lena
    Dagens Nyheter, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Taradai, Daria
    Kiev-Mohyla-akademin, Ukraina.
    Wangsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Sverige.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Källkritik och krig: propaganda, desinformation och lögner2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Krigsrapporteringen från Ukraina utmanar redaktionernas resurser för att kontrollera vad som är sant och falskt. I rapporten Källkritik och krig presenteras en granskning av hur redaktionerna hanterar desinformation och säkerställer trovärdighet i svenska mediers rapportering under krigets sex första veckor. Slutsatsen är att det är ovanligt att redaktionerna verifierar den egna rapporteringen, vilket istället överlåts på utländska nyhetsbyråer och medier. Den övervägande delen av den svenska bevakningen görs på distans.

    Rapporten visar också hur Ryssland sedan flera år systematiskt skadar, smädar och styr bilden av Sverige. En direktrapport från Ukraina ger en inblick i hur oklar strategin är för den inhemska bevakningen av kriget.

    Institutet för mediestudier vill med den här rapporten fördjupa diskussionen om källkritik och faktagranskning i krigs- och konfliktapportering.

  • 21.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Media Management During COVID-19: Behavior of Swedish Media Leaders in Times of Crisis2022Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 23, nr 5-6, s. 722-739Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to the majority of European countries, at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Swedish authorities did not put the country in lockdown, but mainly presented relatively mild recommendations to work from home and not gather in groups of over 50 persons. Thus, much of the decision-making and restrictions to prevent the spread of the virus had to occur at the organizational level, i.e., within companies. This paper reports the findings from an online survey carried out in June–September 2020 (n = 196), in which Swedish media managers were asked to focus on perceived media leadership during the COVID-19 crisis. The results indicate that Swedish media managers acted with confidence in their remote leadership and engaged in crisis management leader tasks in line with previous crisis management research. While managers learned to appreciate remote work, they stressed the difficulty of being an inspiring leader in a remote setting and the challenge of motivating creativity, one of the most important components in managing journalism and media work.

  • 22.
    Springer, Nina
    et al.
    University of Münster, Germany.
    Orlova, D.
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Taradai, D.
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Narrating “Their War” and “Our War”: the Patriotic Journalism Paradigm in the Context of Swedish and Ukrainian Conflict Coverage2022Ingår i: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 178-201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Patriotic journalism, ” a deviation from objectivity, has become an important paradigm and well-documented phenomenon in the analysis of conflict coverage. However, studies rarely focus on the link between journalists' perceptions and narratives. We investigated how journalists from two countries, one involved in a conflict (Ukraine) and the other observing it from a distance (Sweden) relate to the objectivity norm in sourcing and narrating seven conflictive news cases in Ukraine (2017 to 2018). We found pragmatic commitment to objectivity in both countries, which was not always reflected in the content produced. For Swedish journalists, our results hint toward a value-based ally loyalty, which seems less stable than a tribe-based bond. In Ukraine, official Ukrainian perspectives were undisputedly disseminated; however, we did not find that they were generally positively laden, as one would expect for patriotic journalists. Trust in public institutions might be a deciding factor over the extent of patriotism.

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  • 23.
    Turunen, Jaakko
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Werther, Steffen
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Performing control in the Swedish Twitter sphere or: How a 1920s' Russian linguist helps us understand dynamics of digital authority2022Ingår i: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 4, artikel-id 946985Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has created new public spheres that provide alternative sources of social and political authority. Such “digital authority” has conventionally been interpreted in metric terms, without qualitative distinctions. Based on Twitter data from four different Swedish state agencies during the first 15 months of the COVID-19 crisis, this paper looks at the different kinds of modes of interaction Twitter enables and their impact on state agencies digital authority. Theoretically this paper applies Valentin Voloshinov's classical theory on reported speech, developed in the 1920s, to the concept of digital authority in the Twitter-sphere of the 2020s. Besides these theoretical contributions to media and communication studies, the main findings are that retweets are generally used to affirm and spread information thus strengthening the digital authority of the origin of the tweet whilst replies and quote-tweets are used to undermine the credibility of the sender and the content of the original tweet, often by resorting to irony. As the COVID-19 crisis prolongs, we observe increasing share of critical commentary and diminishing overall attention to government actors in Sweden. The roles of different state agencies are mirrored by the type of interaction they generate. This article also shows the usefulness of qualitative study of social media interaction in order to reveal the dynamics of digital authority construed in social media.

  • 24.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Den mänskliga myndigheten: Foton av människor som resurser i varumärkesbyggande2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport undersöks en specifik aspekt av myndigheters visuella kommunikation, närmare bestämt en viss typ av foton. Det rör sig om estetiskt tilltalande genrebilder av människor som befinner sig i ospecifika miljöer eller i miljöer som inte direkt har med myndighetens kärnverksamhet att göra. Jag argumenterar i rapporten för att dessa foton framför allt fyller en emotiv funktion och signalerar specifika värden som myndigheten uppenbarligen vill förknippas med. Syftet med rapporten är både att dekonstruera denna visuella praktik och att diskutera vad det innebär att avbildade människor används som bärare av specifika värden i strategisk myndighetskommunikation: Vad betyder det för bilden av myndigheten, hur positioneras medborgarna som kommunikationen riktas till och vilka relationer konstrueras mellan myndighet och medborgare?

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  • 25.
    Springer, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Troger, Franziska
    „Du stehst unter genauer Beobachtung, unangenehmer Beobachtung“2021Ingår i: Publizistik: Vierteljahreshefte für Kommunikationsforschung, ISSN 0033-4006, E-ISSN 1862-2569, Vol. 66, nr 1, s. 43-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study engages with different forms of problematic audience feedback — such as online harassment, hate speech, and trolling — as verbalized aggression and thereby expressions of communicative violence directed towards journalists. Aggressors react intentionally in a damaging, uncivil way to specific topics, reporting styles, and journalists’ personal characteristics — they are triggered by communicators’ discursive power and aim to eliminate communication through communication. Journalists experience this aggressive, violent communicative behavior as stress, which requires strategies to manage and overcome. Based on prior research on the perception of (digital) security and informed by (empirical applications of) the transactional theory of stress and coping, we illustrate how female journalists are particularly affected by communicative violence. Through nine qualitative interviews conducted in 2017 with affected women journalists in German-speaking areas — Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and South Tyrol — we investigate: (1) how the journalists perceived and assessed the situation in which they experienced communicative violence, and (2) which coping strategies they applied to deal with these situations. The interview analyses illustrate how the violent feedback took our interviewees by surprise, and how the lack of control and the personalization produced considerable insecurity, which is why such situations develop a particular stress potential. Communicative violence aims to manipulate journalists’ emotions, perceptions, and behaviors — both personally and professionally —and has substantial potential to negatively impact their well-being. To deal with such situations, the women journalists we interviewed used both emotional- and problem-focused coping strategies: they decoupled and demarcated themselves from the situation and the aggressors by devaluing the aggressors and using active self-affirmation. They also sharpened their anticipation regarding audience reactions and sought social-emotional support. While these emotion-focused strategies help take control over one’s own feelings to cope from within, problem-focused coping strategies aim to change the person-environment relationship. Strategies the journalists applied to tackle the situation in a problem-solving mode included comment moderation, reactions to and confrontations of aggressors, the collection of (evidence) material, searches for practical (e.g., legal) support, engagement in public discussions to increase public awareness, and, unfortunately, self-censorship. Emotion-focused coping strategies, such as decoupling and self-affirmation, can be understood as “immune reactions” to arouse resistance spirits that can be strong enough to counteract unwanted self-censorship tendencies. The women journalists we interviewed were also able to re-frame their experiences and perceive that outside pressure can ultimately have positive effects, too: the inclusion of diverse perspectives and adherence to the objectivity ideal offer a certain degree of security against audience hostility. In addition, the respondents mentioned more self-reflection, a sharpened perception of their responsibility for individual and social effects of their work and their interviewees, as well as greater empathy and a desire for cooperation. The importance of social (emotional as well as practical) support through colleagues, mentors, and peer-to-peer networks was underlined by all participants in our sample. Such collectives are a particularly valuable resource for freelancers without a traditional editorial structure behind them (a particularly vulnerable group in this regard). In sum, the interviews showed that communicative violence is a problem that needs to be addressed on various levels. First, we recommend educational institutions include the topic in their curricula and support the next generation of journalists in their networking. Second, professional associations and commissioning media organizations can provide important infrastructures and resources, e.g., for practical and legal support. However, communicative violence does not only affect media workers. Aggression is also unleashed on other persons with discursive power, e.g., from politics and science. Available research suggests that triggering mechanisms and coping strategies, but also the particular threat to female representatives, appear to be similar in the different fields. An orientation towards and interaction with the audience is not only relevant for journalists but also unavoidable for politicians or increasingly desired for scientists. The ambivalence of visibility, which can lead to both success and a higher probability of attacks, is obvious, and social media renders the border between the private and public sphere increasingly permeable. In hypermasculine environments such as online gaming or in technology journalism, it has therefore been observed that female representatives “neutralize” their gender. This study must therefore be placed into a broader context — on how communicative violence poses a threat to societies’ advances in diversity and representation.

  • 26.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Engaging Citizens for Climate Change: Challenges for Journalism2021Ingår i: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, nr 6, s. 755-772Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How issues are framed in journalism in terms of problems, solutions, and levels of responsibility is of great importance in order to engage and lead toward individual and collective action. Data journalism has been acknowledged as a practice that often features a high level of interactivity, with the potential to engage the public. In this study, we investigate the content and production of climate change reporting in Swedish public service data journalism and discuss how frames are used in this alternative form of moderated science communication. Our results indicate an unconventional merger between science communication and data journalistic practices where motivational framing is used only to some extent as a way to increase public engagement with climate change. We also found that producers focus on educating and raising awareness rather than engaging the public and that they are guided by the ideal of objectivity.

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  • 27.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Extreme weather and climate change: social media results, 2008–20172021Ingår i: Environmental Hazards: Human and Policy Dimensions, ISSN 1747-7891, E-ISSN 1878-0059, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 382-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between extreme weather and climate change is being highlighted in ever more countries. Increased public understanding of this issue is essential for policymaking, both in terms of climate change mitigation and adaptation. As social media are becoming central to the exchange of information in society, the purpose is to analyze what generates intensified attention to the connection between extreme weather and climate change in digital communication. This is done by examining periods of intensified co-occurrence of mentions of extreme weather and climate change on English-language Twitter (N = 948,993). Our quantitative analysis suggests that during the period 2008–2017 the years 2010, 2011 and 2017 exhibit a considerable increase in ‘causality discourse’, i.e. tweets that articulate the topic of climate change + extreme weather, in comparison with earlier years. These periods of significant growth are interpreted as involving dynamic relationships between three factors, namely mediated highlighting of previous or ongoing extreme-weather events (extreme-event factor); connection of extreme weather to climate change by traditional media or other intermediaries (media-driven science communication factor); and actions of individual users (digital-action factor). Through a qualitative discourse analysis, how these factors jointly generate increasing attention to ‘causality discourse’ is more closely explored for the case of 2017.

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  • 28.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere2021Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 35, s. 24-25Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Wadensjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Från tolkad interaktion till enspråkig text – om en asylberättelses framväxt2021Ingår i: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, nr 46, s. 100-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett protokoll fört under en asylintervju återfanns en obegriplig mening som den asylsökande inte kände igen. I denna artikel undersöker vi vad som ledde fram till denna mening. Med sam­talsanalys som teoretisk och metodisk ansats går vi igenom en 3,5 minuter lång sekvens hämtad från den ljudinspelade, tolkade asylintervju där den obegripliga meningen fördes till proto­kollet. Språken som talades var svenska och ryska. Protokollet skrevs på svenska. Under­sök­ningen visar hur flera faktorer och samtliga deltagare i asylintervjun, på olika sätt, styr och for­mar framväxten av den asylberättelse som manifesteras i protokollet.

    Generellt för tolkade samtal gäller att tolkens återgivningar av det som sagts på det andra språket möjliggör parternas delade förståelse – samtidigt som de skapar ett icke-konventionellt turtagningsmönster. Specifikt för asylintervjuer är att ett detaljerat protokoll av det som sägs förs, samtidigt som intervjun pågår. Hur det samtidiga protokollskrivandet påverkar turtag­nings­­mönstret har inte undersökts i någon större utsträckning i tidigare forskning.

    Artikeln visar på svårigheter som kan uppstå när en institutionell berättelse samkonstrueras när den parallellt dokumenteras i ett protokoll. Kunskap om detta är av vikt för såväl praktiker inom asylprocessen, som för vidare studier av tolkning i offentlig sektor.

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  • 30.
    Häggbom, My
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Ljudberättande2021Ingår i: Introduktion till medieteknik / [ed] Falkenberg Josefsson, Pernilla ; Wiberg, Mikael, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, s. 135-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    et al.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Morlandstø, Lisbeth
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Nord University, Norway.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Local political communication in a hybrid media system2021Ingår i: Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Skogerbø, E.; Ihlen, Ø., Kristensen, N. N.; Nord, L, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2021, s. 155-176Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the local media and local political conditions in the Nordic countries from the perspective of power. The rapid changes in the local media system described in this chapter have led to a redistribution of this power in the local community in different directions. The starting point for our analysis is the four variables defined by Hallin and Mancini (2004) to describe different media systems and to identify change in power and power relations. We find that local media structures are changing, with downsized newspapers and decreasing use of local newspapers while social media is becoming more prominent. Norway and Sweden try to balance decreasing commercial conditions with state support, while there is a strong regional public service in all Nordic countries. Political parallelism in the old sense of political power and control of newspapers has gone. Professional journalists have become only one group among many different producers of local media content, duly losing power over local agendas.

  • 32.
    Springer, Nina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Media and communication studies in Sweden2021Ingår i: Publizistik: Vierteljahreshefte für Kommunikationsforschung, ISSN 0033-4006, E-ISSN 1862-2569, Vol. 66, nr 3-4, s. 637-655Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Media and communication studies is a comparatively young academic discipline in Sweden. The subject’s establishment began with the 1960s — a time when the expansion of mass media led to a bigger demand for analysis, education and critical reflection. Along with that, political and commercial interests in more knowledge led to commissioned research, another considerable factor in the subject’s development and institutionalization. The field was brought forth by humanistic and social-scientific strands, and some actors conveniently travel between these two since the demarcation lines are less pronounced in the North. Currently, roughly around 250 scholars are active in the field, with about 200 of them organized in DGPuK’s Nordic sister organization FSMK. Media and communication research in Sweden is also greatly oriented towards the broader Nordic context, institutionalized for instance through the Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research (Nordicom). For scholars, the labour market is comparatively open, not only for other Nordic academics but also for entries from countries outside Scandinavia. For students, the field provides a rich smorgasbord of general and highly specialized programmes or stand-alone courses of variable length offered in both Swedish and English. This article aims to inform about the history and the contemporary conditions of Swedish media and communication studies, with a personal note based on own experiences.

  • 33.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Narrativt engagemang och komplex berättarteknik i Gustaf Hellströms krigsreportage2021Ingår i: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 142, s. 5-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1910s was a dynamic period in Swedish journalism when reporters became professionals and the largest newspapers engaged their own foreign correspondents. A prominent correspondent of the time was Gustaf Hellström, also a famous writer. His reports from France during the First World War, collected in the book 1 1/2 mil härifrån står världens största slag, are known for their dedicated attitude. An assumption in this essay is that such an attitude corresponds to a narrative commitment, which could be divided into narrative empathy and narrative compassion

    Using tools from discourse narratology and cognitive narratology, I investigate narrative techniques and strategies at work when a narrative commitment is constructed in the reportages from France. A conclusion is that parallel perspectives and a multitude of voices within the narrative construction connect the individual to the general and convey empathy with all victims of the war, civilians as well as soldiers on both sides. 

    In a final section, I place Hellström’s series of reportages from France within a broader context where I highlight similarites with Stig Dagerman’s series of reportages Tysk höst from 1946 and Svetlana Alexievich’s documentary books from the 1980s and onwards.

  • 34.
    Malling, Milda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery2021Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 1298-1316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores how the content of the social ties between journalists and their sources, and the multiplexity of the ties in particular, is reflected in the news discovery practices in the political beat. Some of the news ideas come from publicly available channels while others derive from journalists' unique networks of social contacts (often to some degree informal). The sources connected to journalists via single vs. multiplex social ties achieve a discursive power (Jungerr et al. 2019) in different ways. The study is based on reconstructed news discovery situations (n = 162) from two different political journalism environments: Lithuania and Sweden, and combines quantitative and qualitative questions. First, it measures the prevalence of the multiplex social ties between journalists and the sources. Second, it analyzes how the multiplexity of these ties is reflected in the process of the news discovery and, third, the outcome-the news content. The results show that the prevalence of multiplex social ties, and the social network behind them, is reflected in what news journalists can access and select as newsworthy. Process-wise, multiplex social ties work as a shortcut but require a balance between maintaining the access to the network and distance to the source.

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  • 35.
    Kristensen, Nete Norgaard
    et al.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Commun, Sect Media Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Riegert, Kristina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The Tensions of the Cultural News Beat2021Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 15, nr 9, s. 1329-1343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the tensions of the cultural news beat, or what we call cultural journalism. We trace the ways in which transformations such as globalization, digitalization and conglomeration are impacting cultural journalism. We make the overall argument that these structural trends and the tensions they entail challenge cultural journalism's distinctiveness. On the one hand, we see a broadening, diversification and newsification of cultural journalism, making the beat more like other parts of the news organization. On the other hand, traits from cultural journalism, such as analysis, interpretation, and subjectivity as well as a broader sociocultural interest, are seeping into other parts of journalism. Three main research questions guide our approach to pointing out these areas of tension: (1) What are the implications of the broadening of the notion of culture in cultural journalism? (2) What have the changes in the organization of news work and professional roles meant for cultural journalism practitioners? (3) What is the particular epistemology of cultural journalism today? By rereading existing cultural journalism scholarship through the lens of the tensions and paradoxes currently characterizing the subfield, we bring out structural similarities and differences that nuance the crisis narrative, which has influenced much recent literature.

  • 36.
    Wadensjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Tolkfunktionen i asylprocessen2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Asylintervjun är förmodligen den mest kritiska delen inom asylprocessen, och de allra flesta intervjuer sker med hjälp av tolk. När tolkningen inte fungerar är det djupt problematiskt. Det drabbas inte minst den asylsökande och är ett hot mot rättssäkerheten i asylprocessen.

    Kunskapsöversikten avser att ge en bild av den forskning som finns om tolkfunktionen i asylprocessen, med särskilt fokus på de intervju- och förhandlingssituationer som förekommer när myndigheter handlägger och beslutar i frågor om asyl, alltså mötet mellan migrationsmyndigheter och asylsökande. Översikten bygger på forskning om tolkning i institutionella miljöer i allmänhet och forskning om tolkning i asylprocessen i synnerhet.

    Den mynnar ut i ett antal övergripande slutsatser och rekommendationer, varav den viktigaste är att det finns ett akut behov av att stärka och professionalisera tolkfunktionen i asylprocessen.

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  • 37.
    Widholm, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    A softer kind of hard news?: Data journalism and the digital renewal of public service news in Sweden2020Ingår i: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decade, data journalism has received considerable attention among scholars, pointing to novel forms of investigative reporting as well as new daily practices of news production. This study contributes to existing scholarship by conceptualizing data journalism through distinctions between hard and soft news in relation to service journalism. We analyze news produced by specialized data desks in Swedish public service organizations over a 5-year period (2015?2019) and propose a model for how service journalism attributes can be used as a bridge between the binary categories of hard and soft in data journalism. With this model, we point to how data journalism in public service organizations challenges established notions of soft and hard news and how hybrid production practices open up new research trajectories concerning the societal significance of news in the digital age.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Between Dialogue and Confrontation: Two Countries — One Profession Project and the Split in Ukrainian Journalism Culture2020Ingår i: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 13, nr 1(25), s. 24-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a process of continuously adjusting to and counteracting the circumstances of conflict since 2014, the Ukrainian media community has become polarized (Budivska & Orlova, 2017). Nygren et al. (2018) observe a confrontation between the ideal of neutrality in coverage and favoring “patriotic journalism” in practice among Ukrainian journalists. This article takes this discussion further and highlights the role of professional journalism associations and international organizations in the struggles within the journalism culture in the situation of conflict. The article uses Ginosar’s (2015) interpretation of Hanitzsch’s (2007) model of journalism culture and Mouffe’s (2013) conceptualization of agonistic vs. antagonistic struggle to discuss the project Two Countries — One Profession is initiated and supported by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. Finally, it draws on the reactions by the Ukrainian media community.

  • 39.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Book Review: Data Journalism and the Regeneration of News, by Alfred Hermida and Mary Lynn Young and Apostles of Certainty: Data Journalism and the Politics of Doubt, by C. W. Anderson2020Ingår i: Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, ISSN 1077-6990, E-ISSN 2161-430X, Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 310-312Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Larssen, Urban
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Brigitte Alfter. Cross-Border Collaborative Journalism: AStep-By-Step Guide. London: Routledge, 2019, 200 pp.2020Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 103-106Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Larssen, Urban
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    "But verifying facts is what we do!": Fact-checking and journalistic professional autonomy2020Ingår i: Democracy and Fake News: Information Manipulation and Post-Truth Politics / [ed] Serena Giusti; Elisa Piras, Abingdon: Routledge, 2020, s. 199-213Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    This chapter presents ethnographic material on journalists’ experiences, routines, and views regarding fact-checking and fake news, based on field studies conducted at Swedish media organisations on a local, regional and national level. It describes the project and the objectives and specific features of the main product: The Fact Assistant – a web app meant to help journalists verify the legitimacy and validity of claims, media, and sources that appear in everyday newsroom work. The chapter presents the background to the project, how it developed during its process, and some of the problems it has encountered. The main goal of the project was to improve procedures by journalists regarding the verification of digital content and to develop a web app that can be used by journalists for fact-checking in their newsroom work. The Fact Assistant app is based on a systematisation of verification, focusing on media content; the media in which the statements are published; and the sources behind the claim.

  • 42.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Historia.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Challenges of Ongoing Conflict Research: Dialogic Autoethnography in Studies of Post-2014 Ukraine2020Ingår i: Media Activist Research Ethics / [ed] Sandra Jeppesen & Paola Sartoretto, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. 249-268Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The transdisciplinary collaborative project “Propaganda and management of information in the Ukraine-Russia conflict” (2016–2018) that the authors were a part of, focused on Ukrainian actors and used ethnography, and particularly interview, as its primary methodology. We have been interviewing journalists, media experts, historians, etc. Many of the informants highlighted their roles as activists and change agents in the post-2014 society. Coming from different research fields (history and journalism and media studies), we have been reflecting upon the tension between our striving at academic neutrality and the different disciplinary approaches, as well as unavoidable emotional involvement in the subject we scrutinize. The chapter is based on dialogic autoethnography wherein we reflect on the challenges the researchers face when conducting ethnographic research on activists and dealing with such sensitive issues as information warfare and armed conflict. This becomes especially problematic when scholars come from the countries involved in the conflict, Ukraine and Russia. It continues the discussion about the role of emotions in ethnographic research. We aim to contribute to several discussions: field of conflict ethnography, work in multidisciplinary research environment, and particularities of conducting interviews with activists.

  • 43.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Conflict as a point of no return: Immigrant and internally displaced journalists in Ukraine2020Ingår i: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 817-835Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ukrainian Euromaidan protests in 2013, alongside the Brexit vote and the so-called ‘refugee crisis’, have strongly changed the imaginary of Europe. Apart from ideological shifts and geopolitical changes, the situation in Ukraine has led to a geographic relocation and displacement of media producers and audiences alike. Yet, in the Ukrainian context and beyond, little is known about dislocated journalists in conflict situations. This article addresses the specific experiences of immigrant and internally displaced journalists, their imagined audiences and the overarching construction of post-revolutionary Ukraine as an imagined community. The argument draws empirically from the dislocatory experiences and relocatory trajectories of two groups: immigrant journalists, who moved to Ukraine from Russia, and journalists who migrated internally – to Kyiv and other government-controlled Ukrainian regions from Crimea and non-government-controlled areas of Donbas. For immigrant and internally displaced journalists, the search for new identities and positions is strongly related to their imagination of the audiences. The journalists notice a simultaneous fragmentation and unification of the audiences driven by both top-down and down-up intentions of post-revolutionary nation building. They hope to contribute to turning the fragmented communities into a media nation that will perceive them as ‘us’.

  • 44.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Data Journalism as a Service: Digital Native Data Journalism Expertise and Product Development2020Ingår i: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 62-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The combined set of skills needed for producing data journalism (e.g., investigative journalism methods, programming, knowledge in statistics, data management, statistical reporting, and design) challenges the understanding of what competences a journalist needs and the boundaries for the tasks journalists perform. Scholars denote external actors with these types of knowledge as interlopers or actors at the periphery of journalism. In this study, we follow two Swedish digital native data journalism start-ups operating in the Nordics from when they were founded in 2012 to 2019. Although the start-ups have been successful in news journalism over the years and acted as drivers for change in Nordic news innovation, they also have a presence in sectors other than journalism. This qualitative case study, which is based on interviews over time with the start-up founders and a qualitative analysis of blog posts written by the employees at the two start-ups, tells a story of journalists working at the periphery of legacy media, at least temporarily forced to leave journalism behind yet successfully using journalistic thinking outside of journalistic contexts.

  • 45.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Dialogic spaces in the situation of conflict: Stepping stones and sticking points2020Ingår i: Spaces of War, War of Spaces / [ed] Laura Roselle, Sarah Maltby, Ben O’Loughlin and Katy Parry, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020, s. 205-230Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter poses a question whether and where in the situation of conflict there is a space for dialogue. What is the role of journalism and journalists in the discursive construction of the dialogic spaces? The chapter focuses on the discursive construction of the spaces for dialogue by international organizations, professional associations, and individual journalists in the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

  • 46.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Krøvel, Roy
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik. Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Westlund, Oscar
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Expectations, Challenges, and Expertise: The Importance of Non-Western Data Journalism2020Ingår i: Data Journalism in the Global South / [ed] Bruce Mutsvairo, Saba Bebawi & Eddy Borges-Rey, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. xxi-xxxvKapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Forskning om journalistik – med en demokratisk utgångspunkt2020Ingår i: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 41-51Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Forskning om journalistik – med en demokratisk utgångspunkt
  • 48.
    Åker, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Framtidens bildjournalist blickarbortom journalistiken2020Ingår i: Vad är journalistik?: En antologi av journalistiklärare på Södertörns högskola / [ed] Elin Gardeström & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 111-123Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Framtidens bildjournalist blickar bortom journalistiken
  • 49.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Journalisten som sanningssägare: ett mediehistoriskt perspektiv2020Ingår i: Sanning, förbannad lögn och journalistik: om journalistikens anspråkpå att säga sanningen / [ed] Elin Gardeström; Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2020, s. 19-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Journalistik och demokrati: en ambivalent kärlekshistoria2020Ingår i: Mellan det hyperlokala och globala: Journalistikens förändringar och utmaningar i en digital tid: Vänbok till Gunnar Nygren / [ed] Ester Appelgren & Andreas Widholm, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, s. 23-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Journalistik och demokrati – en ambivalent kärlekshistoria
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