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  • 1.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sundling, Catherine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Gliori, Gabriel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    What makes a railway station safe and for whom?: The impact of transit environments on passengers' victimisation and safety perceptions2024Ingår i: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 16, nr 1, artikel-id 21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study assesses patterns of victimisation and safety perceptions among passengers using railway stations across neighbouring municipalities in Sweden. Exploratory data analysis and logistic regression models underlie the methodology of the study, which shows that the geography of passengers' victimisation differs from the geographical patterns found for the perception of safety. Findings show that passengers' safety perceptions are more affected by the physical and social characteristics of transit environments than passengers' victimisation. Yet, for those who have reduced mobility, the station affects the likelihood of their being victimised. Lack of staff and poor maintenance of the station are two significant attributes associated with the lower levels of safety perceived by passengers as well as levels of crime and panhandling at both the station and on the way to it. Compared with all passengers, women, but in particular those who identify as LGBTQI+ /Non-binary/Other, run a higher likelihood of feeling less safe. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

  • 2.
    Sundling, Catherine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Ceccato, V.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Gliori, G.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Disability, victimisation, and safety in train travel2024Ingår i: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 25, artikel-id 101131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with disabilities constitute a vulnerable heterogeneous group of travellers in public transport. The present study aims to investigate victimisation and perceived safety patterns among train travellers with disabilities (asthma/allergy, motion sickness, depression/anxiety, and reduced mobility). Exploratory data analysis and logistic regression were used to analyse the data coming from a sample of railway travellers across 28 municipalities in Sweden (N = 3374). Individuals with disabilities are more likely to be victimised in transit than those with no disability and declared feeling more unsafe than the rest of the travellers, especially if they had been previously victimised. Like other passengers, individuals with disabilities complain about aggressive panhandling, sexual harassment, the presence of intoxicated people, and a lack of staff. Including disability groups and their special needs in planning is essential to make public transportation safer and more inclusive.

  • 3.
    Hökby, Sebastian
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Carli, Vladimir
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Hadlaczky, Gergö
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Longitudinal Effects of Screen Time on Depressive Symptoms among Swedish Adolescents: The Moderating and Mediating Role of Coping Engagement Behavior.2023Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, nr 4, artikel-id 3771Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies suggest that hourly digital screen time increases adolescents' depressive symptoms and emotional regulation difficulties. However, causal mechanisms behind such associations remain unclear. We hypothesized that problem-focused and/or emotion-focused engagement coping moderates and possibly mediates this association over time. Questionnaire data were collected in three waves from a representative sample of Swedish adolescents (0, 3 and 12 months; n = 4793; 51% boys; 99% aged 13-15). Generalized Estimating Equations estimated the main effects and moderation effects, and structural regression estimated the mediation pathways. The results showed that problem-focused coping had a main effect on future depression (b = 0.030; p < 0.001) and moderated the effect of screen time (b = 0.009; p < 0.01). The effect size of this moderation was maximum 3.4 BDI-II scores. The mediation results corroborated the finding that future depression was only indirectly correlated with baseline screen time, conditional upon intermittent problem-coping interference (C'-path: Std. beta = 0.001; p = 0.018). The data did not support direct effects, emotion-focused coping effects, or reversed causality. We conclude that hourly screen time can increase depressive symptoms in adolescent populations through interferences with problem-focused coping and other emotional regulation behaviors. Preventive programs could target coping interferences to improve public health. We discuss psychological models of why screen time may interfere with coping, including displacement effects and echo chamber phenomena.

  • 4.
    Andrén, Victoria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Öjemyr, Torun Lindholm
    Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Yourstone, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Damberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Västmanland County Hospital, Sweden.
    Gender and arson: psychosocial, psychological, and somatic offender characteristics at the time of the crime2023Ingår i: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, ISSN 1478-9949, E-ISSN 1478-9957, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 113-130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberate fire-setting, such as the crime of arson, can have devastating, even lethal, consequences. This study compared factors at the time of arson by female and male offenders in Sweden between 2000–2010. The women (n = 100), and men (n = 100) included in this study were randomly chosen from among all individuals who had been convicted for arson during this period and who underwent forensic psychiatric investigations. Information regarding psychiatric and somatic characteristics, their psychosocial situation, and whether they were in contact with health or social services before the arsons were examined. The results showed that both women and men have complex psychiatric and somatic characteristics, as well as psychosocial situations. Women showed more self-destructive behaviour, lower Global Assessment of Functioning scores, and had been in contact with psychiatric health services to a greater extent than men. More women than men had children. These findings suggest that specific actions may be needed for preventing and treating women compared with men at risk for committing arson. 

  • 5.
    Sundling, Catherine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Marianne
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    How Do Urban Walking Environments Impact Pedestrians' Experience and Psychological Health?: A Systematic Review2023Ingår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, nr 14, artikel-id 10817Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Daily walks are recommended for health gains, and walkable urban environments are recommended as one strategy to combat climate change. Evidence of the relationship between physical environments and psychological health is increasing. The aim of this study was to systematically review and compile evidence regarding micro-scale characteristics in urban outdoor environments that impacted pedestrian short-term experience and/or long-term psychological health. The databases ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar were used. To explore the area, a large heterogeneity in publications was allowed; therefore, it was not possible to conduct a meta-analysis. From 63 publications, data items were extracted from full text and categorized according to the main study characteristics. Environmental characteristics impacting pedestrians psychologically were identified and categorized into themes: grey, green, blue, and white areas, and weather, temporalities, topography, person factors, and safety. Environmental factors were analyzed from the perspective of the circumplex model of human affect (negative/positive dimensions and activation/deactivation). The findings included the fact that urban pedestrians need both positively activating and deactivating (restorative) areas during walkabouts. Perceived safety is essential for experiencing the positive aspects of urban environments. Some characteristics interact differently or have different importance for health in different groups. To further develop research on pedestrian environments, psychological experiences should be included.

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  • 6.
    Petros, Nuhamin Gebrewold
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Hadlaczky, Gergö
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden.
    Wasserman, Danuta
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ottaviano, Manuel
    Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Martinez, Sergio
    Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain.
    Carletto, Sara
    University of Turin, Italy.
    Scilingo, Enzo Pasquale
    University of Pisa, Italy.
    Valenza, Gaetano
    University of Pisa, Italy.
    Carli, Vladimir
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Predictors of the Use of a Mental Health–Focused eHealth System in Patients With Breast and Prostate Cancer: Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Prospective Study2023Ingår i: JMIR Cancer, E-ISSN 2369-1999, Vol. 9, artikel-id e49775Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: eHealth systems have been increasingly used to manage depressive symptoms in patients with somatic illnesses. However, understanding the factors that drive their use, particularly among patients with breast and prostate cancer, remains a critical area of research.

    Objective: This study aimed to determine the factors influencing use of the NEVERMIND eHealth system among patients with breast and prostate cancer over 12 weeks, with a focus on the Technology Acceptance Model.

    Methods: Data from the NEVERMIND trial, which included 129 patients with breast and prostate cancer, were retrieved. At baseline, participants completed questionnaires detailing demographic data and measuring depressive and stress symptoms using the Beck Depression Inventory–II and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale–21, respectively. Over a 12-week period, patients engaged with the NEVERMIND system, with follow-up questionnaires administered at 4 weeks and after 12 weeks assessing the system’s perceived ease of use and usefulness. Use log data were collected at the 2- and 12-week marks. The relationships among sex, education, baseline depressive and stress symptoms, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness (PU), and system use at various stages were examined using Bayesian structural equation modeling in a path analysis, a technique that differs from traditional frequentist methods.

    Results: The path analysis was conducted among 100 patients with breast and prostate cancer, with 66% (n=66) being female and 81% (n=81) having a college education. Patients reported good mental health scores, with low levels of depression and stress at baseline. System use was approximately 6 days in the initial 2 weeks and 45 days over the 12-week study period. The results revealed that PU was the strongest predictor of system use at 12 weeks (βuse at 12 weeks is predicted by PU at 12 weeks=.384), whereas system use at 2 weeks moderately predicted system use at 12 weeks (βuse at 12 weeks is predicted by use at 2 weeks=.239). Notably, there were uncertain associations between baseline variables (education, sex, and mental health symptoms) and system use at 2 weeks, indicating a need for better predictors for early system use.

    Conclusions: This study underscores the importance of PU and early engagement in patient engagement with eHealth systems such as NEVERMIND. This suggests that, in general eHealth implementations, caregivers should educate patients about the benefits and functionalities of such systems, thus enhancing their understanding of potential health impacts. Concentrating resources on promoting early engagement is also essential given its influence on sustained use. Further research is necessary to clarify the remaining uncertainties, enabling us to refine our strategies and maximize the benefits of eHealth systems in health care settings.

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  • 7.
    Sundling, Catherine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Ceccato, Vania
    Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    The impact of rail-based stations on passengers’ safety perceptions. A systematic review of international evidence2022Ingår i: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 86, s. 99-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Feeling safe in public transport is essential for mobility, and fear of crime can be a larger problem for the individual than crime itself. The aim of the present paper is to systematically review the international evidence in rail-bound environments regarding (a) characteristics impacting safety perceptions and (b) behavioural consequences of unsafety, using the databases ScienceDirect, Scopus, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar. From a selection of 3226 publications, 52 were selected. The sample sizes range from 16 to 137 513 rail users or potential users. A social-ecological framework was adopted to categorize the findings in which place, social, individual, and temporal characteristics were identified along with short-term and long-term behavioural consequences of unsafety. Among the most important characteristics affecting passengers’ safety are lighting, surveillance, other persons’ behaviour, time of day, and one's own gender. Future studies should further explore the complexity in interactions between characteristics connected to perceived safety.

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  • 8.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation, School of Health and Welfare, Ageing Research Network -Jönköping (ARN-J), Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Jacobsson, Gustav
    Veteranpoolen AB, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    National Centre for Lifelong Learning, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden, School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden, Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Staffing agency: A bridge to working during retirement.2022Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 72, nr 2, s. 529-537Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The ageing population has initiated a debate about a prolonged working life. There is an interest in finding the pre-retirement predictors of bridge employment and retirement decisions, but the understanding of the experiences of bridge employees is still limited.

    OBJECTIVES: The aim was to describe the characteristics of the pensioners working for a staffing agency, their motivational aspects, work patterns and types of services they provided.

    METHODS: This article analyses the results from a Swedish staffing agency's yearly co-worker questionnaire from December 2017. The response rate was 44% (N = 1741). The design is descriptive, with correlation analyses and construction of typical cases.

    RESULTS: Most study participants were aged 65-74 years. Sixty-five percent were men, 66% were cohabitating/married, dominating education level was secondary school or higher education (79% ). Important incentives for working were the social context and to gain extra income. A majority of the respondents also stated that their work increased their overall well-being. Seventy-eight percent worked 25 hours per month or less, 37% wanted to work more, 3% wanted to work less. Private services dominated with 61% ; most common were gardening (43% ), trades (33%) and cleaning (31% ).

    CONCLUSIONS: More men than women chose this form of work. While single women need to work out of economic necessity, men, to a larger extent, work for the social context and well-being. The highest work frequency in 2017 (14%) in the population was found for those who retired in 2015, i.e. two years after their retirement year. A majority indicated that the work they were doing was different from earlier in their working life.

  • 9.
    Gerhardt, Karin
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Sverige.
    Wolrath Söderberg, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Retorik.
    Lindblad, Inger
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Diderichsen, Öjvind
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen, Lärarutbildning och Estetiska lärprocesser.
    Gullström, Martin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Dahlin, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Retorik.
    Köping Olsson, Ann-Sofie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Lehtilä, Kari
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Rasoal, Chato
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för polisiärt arbete.
    Dobers, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Berndt, Kurt D.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen, Matematikämnets didaktik.
    Karlholm, Dan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Konstvetenskap.
    Kjellqvist, Tomas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Lalander, Rickard
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Vallström, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Alvarsson-Hjort, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Estetik.
    Lönngren, Ann-Sofie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Litteraturvetenskap.
    Bydler, Charlotte
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Konstvetenskap.
    Färjsjö, Eva
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen, Matematikämnets didaktik.
    Porseryd, Tove
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Sio, Miriam
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen, Lärarutbildning och Estetiska lärprocesser.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Pihl Skoog, Emma
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Arkivvetenskap.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Wadstein MacLeod, Katarina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Konstvetenskap.
    Garrison, Julie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Svärd, Veronica
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Spånberger Weitz, Ylva
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Elmersjö, Magdalena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Persson, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Carlsson, Nina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Löfgren, Isabel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ghose, Sheila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Engelska.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Podolian, Olena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Grahn, Mats
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Faber, Hugo
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Cederberg, Carl
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Gradén, Mattias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Sverige.
    Nog nu, politiker – ta klimatkrisen på allvar2022Ingår i: Aftonbladet, nr 2022-08-25Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Hedberg, Per H.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics Russia, Russia.
    One step ahead in the game: Predicting negotiation outcomes with guessing-games measures2021Ingår i: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, ISSN 0894-3257, E-ISSN 1099-0771, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 669-690Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lay intuition suggests that some people are better than others at strategic social interaction. Nonetheless, identifying reliable predictors of individual differences in negotiation performance has been difficult. In this investigation, we hypothesized that an individuals' skill in understanding the structure of socially interdependent situations, and in best responding to others' likely behavior in such situations, should predict their negotiation performance. We adapted existing and novel social guessing games to measure such skills. In a series of studies with students and business executives in Russia and Sweden, performance in the guessing games predicted better individual outcomes and better joint outcomes in dyadic negotiations. Guessing-game performance remained predictive of both outcomes after proxies for general mental ability were controlled for. Potential applications to larger-scale phenomena are discussed.

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  • 11.
    Vergoossen, H. P.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Renström, E. A.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lindqvist, A.
    Stockholm University / Lund University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Four Dimensions of Criticism Against Gender-Fair Language2020Ingår i: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 83, nr 4-5, s. 328-337Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The gender-neutral third-person pronoun singular hen was recently introduced in Swedish as a complement to she (hon) and he (han). The initiative to add hen initially received strong criticism. In the present study, we analyzed 208 arguments from 168 participants with critical attitudes toward hen. We used Blaubergs’ (1980) and Parks and Roberton’s (1998) taxonomies of critical arguments against past gender-fair language reforms in English in the 1970s and 1990s as a basis for coding the arguments. A majority of arguments (80.7%) could be coded into existing categories, indicating that criticisms of gender-fair language initiatives are similar across different times and cultural contexts. Two categories of arguments did not fit existing categories (19.3%): gender-neutral pronouns are distracting in communication and gender information is important in communication. Furthermore, we established four overarching dimensions that capture assumptions and beliefs underlying gender-fair language criticism: (a) Defending the Linguistic Status Quo (39.4%), (b) Sexism and Cisgenderism (27.4%), (c) Diminishing the Issue and Its Proponents (26.9%), and (d) Distractor In Communication (6.3%). These dimensions of criticisms should be considered and addressed in different ways when implementing gender-fair language.

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  • 12.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Sikström, S.
    Lund University.
    Social psychology: Evaluations of social groups with statistical semantics2020Ingår i: Statistical Semantics: Methods and Applications / [ed] Sverker Sikström & Danilo Garcia, Cham: Springer, 2020, s. 209-218Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Semantic analyses are potentially important, but underutilized, tools to study social psychology. This chapter focuses on how semantic analysis, using personal pronouns, can be used to study important phenomena in social psychology. Personal pronouns can be used as proxies for social categories, and the semantic contexts associated to these pronouns can be used to study stereotypes and how groups are evaluated (Gustafsson Sendén, M., Personal pronouns in evaluative communication. Stockholm University, Stockholm, 2014; Pennebaker, J. W., The secret life of pronouns: What our words say about us. Bloomsbury Press, New York, NY, 2011). In this chapter, we exemplify this within three well-known social psychology phenomena; gender stereotypes, self-bias, and group-serving bias. The semantic analyses target both content and evaluations of these social categories.

  • 13.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Eagly, Alice
    Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.
    Sczesny, Sabine
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Of Caring Nurses and Assertive Police Officers: Social Role Information Overrides Gender Stereotypes in Linguistic Behavior2020Ingår i: Social Psychology and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, E-ISSN 1948-5514, Vol. 11, nr 6, s. 743-751Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Three studies demonstrated the expression of gender stereotypes in linguistic behavior. In Study 1, participants composed sentences describing a person by freely choosing from female- or male-dominated occupations, female or male pronouns, and communal or agentic traits. In Study 2a, participants chose traits to describe a person identified by a female- or male-dominated occupation and in Study 2b by a female or male pronoun and noun. In Study 3, participants chose traits for a person identified by both a female- or male-dominated occupation and a female or male pronoun. In general, participants chose more communal and fewer agentic traits for sentences containing a female- (vs. male-) dominated occupation and a female (vs. male) pronoun or noun. However, participants described women and men in the same occupation as similarly agentic or communal, demonstrating the primacy of role over sex information as predicted by social role theory.

  • 14.
    Hansson, K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Sveningsson, M.
    Gothenburg University.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Ganetz, H.
    Stockholm University.
    “We passed the trust on”: Strategies for security in #MeToo activism in Sweden2020Ingår i: ECSCW 2019 - Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET) , 2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The #metoo movement can serve as a case for how networked online environments can provide settings for the mobilization of social movements, while also entail serious risks for those involved. In Sweden, over hundred thousand people were engaged in activities against sexual harassments and abuse, where social media were used to collect testimonies and to draft and discuss petitions that were later published in print news media. While HCI research on trust focus on how people trust technical systems, the authorities behind the system, or the user generated data, trust between peers in vulnerable communities is less researched. In this study, based on semi-structured interviews and a survey that involved 62 organizers of the Swedish #metoo movement, we therefore look into the question of how a secure and supportive environment was achieved among participants despite the scale of the activism. The result shows how trust was aggregated over networks of technical systems, institutions, people, shared values and practices. The organizers of the petitions used tools and channels at their disposal such as e.g. already established social media contexts that enabled the #metoo petitions to be formed easily and spread quickly. Establishing a supportive culture based on recognition and shared values was central for the movement. However, when the activism was scaled up, strategies were used to increase security by clarifying rules and roles, limiting access to information, restricting access to groups, and limiting the scope of communication.

  • 15.
    Sundling, Catherine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Huddinge, Sweden2020Ingår i: Transit Crime and Sexual Violence in Cities: International Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Vania Ceccato; Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, New York: Routledge, 2020, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reports the results of a survey on sexual transit crime with 309 university students in Huddinge (three-quarters of them women). Almost half of the respondents (48%) had experienced some kind of harassment or assault in transit environments. Of those who had been subjected to assault or harassment, only 18% had reported it, most commonly to the police, friends, or parents. More than a fourth of the students seldom or never felt safe going to or from the bus stop (29%) or station (28%) at night. For train riders, while 39% always felt safe during the day on the train or at the station, this dropped to 14% during nighttime on the train. The most common challenges encountered and reasons for avoiding the subway, bus, and commuter trains were the presence of drunk persons followed by sexual harassment. One quarter of female students indicated not using public transport as often as they would have liked because of sexual harassment. The chapter briefly summarizes the main findings from the case study and makes suggestions for research and practice.

  • 16. Freire Santoro, Paula
    et al.
    Kohler Harkot, Marina
    Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia
    Ceccato, Vania
    Sundling, Catherine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Romero-Torres, Javier
    Weinstein Agrawal, Asha
    Intersectionality of Transit Safety2020Ingår i: Transit Crime and Sexual Violence in Cities: International Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Vania Ceccato; Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, New York: Routledge, 2020, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pargman, T. C.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Bardzell, S.
    Indiana University, United States.
    Ganetz, H.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sveningsson, M.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Materializing activism2020Ingår i: ECSCW 2019 - Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET) , 2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Net activism shows how easily available tools allow the organization of social movements to be scaled up and extended globally. These media ecologies enable new forms of power. This one-day workshop gathers researchers focusing on the collaborative efforts within social movements, looking into the socio-technical systems; the organization of activism; the relations between traditional and social media; and the complex network of systems, information, people, values, theories, histories, ideologies and aesthetics underlying various types of activism. The workshop consists of brainstorming sessions where we materialize the intangible and develop our theories and ideas further through a collaborative design process.

  • 18.
    Lindqvist, A.
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Renström, E. A.
    Gothenburg University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Reducing a Male Bias in Language?: Establishing the Efficiency of Three Different Gender-Fair Language Strategies2019Ingår i: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 1, nr 1-2, s. 109-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Different strategies of gender-fair language have been applied to reduce a male bias, which means the implicit belief that a word describing an undefined person describes a man. This male bias might be caused by the words themselves in terms of generic masculine or masculine forms or by androcentrism (the conflation of men with humanity). In two experiments, we tested how different gender-fair strategies used as labels of an unknown social target (an applicant in a recruitment situation) could eliminate the male bias. The three types of gender-fair strategies tested were: (a) paired forms (he/she), (b) traditional neutral words (e.g., singular they, “the applicant”), or (c) gender-neutral third-person pronouns actively created to challenge the binary gender system (ze, Swedish hen). The two experiments were performed in Swedish with 417 undergraduates in Sweden and in English with 411 U.S. participants recruited online. In Swedish, the third-person gender-neutral pronoun singular (hen) was used. In English, several forms of such gender-neutral pronouns have been suggested (e.g., ze). In both experiments, results indicated that paired forms and actively created gender-neutral pronouns eliminated the male bias, whereas traditional neutral words contained a male bias. Thus, gender-fair language strategies should avoid using traditional words. Consequences of using paired forms and creating new gender-neutral words are discussed. We argue that an actively created gender-neutral pronoun is of highest value because it is more inclusive. © 2018, The Author(s).

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  • 19.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Exploring personality and musical self-perceptions among vocalists and instrumentalists at music colleges2019Ingår i: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 47, nr 4, s. 465-482Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    How modes of instrumental practice are distributed in three musical genres and among vocalists and instrumentalists at music colleges2019Ingår i: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 47, nr 5, s. 767-778Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Johansson, Anders
    et al.
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan.
    Bohlin, Karl
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Annoyance and Partial Masking of Wind Turbine Noise from Ambient Sources2019Ingår i: Acta Acoustica united with Acustica, ISSN 1610-1928, E-ISSN 1861-9959, Vol. 105, nr 6, s. 1035-1041Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates noise annoyance from wind turbines of different sizes and in different acoustic surroundings. A listening test was conducted where wind turbine noises were rated alone and together with background sounds from a deciduous forest, a busy city and road traffic. A magnitude production procedure was implemented which showed high correlation between repeated measurements and the results were analysed using A-weighted sound levels, signal-to-noise ratios and time varying loudness and partial loudness. Ratings for wind turbine sound heard alone showed no coherent statistically significant differences between wind turbine types, neither for A-weighted sound levels nor loudness. The masking test indicate that road traffic noise is a superior masker compared to forest sound. However, these effects where only statistically significant at low sound levels, below the range 35–45 dB(A), where noise guidelines for wind turbine noise usually are stipulated.

  • 22.
    Sternäng, Ola
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Jönköping University.
    Palmer, Katie
    Stockholm University.
    Kabir, Zarina N
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hasan, Mohammed I
    International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Jönköping University.
    Associations Between Functional Biological Age and Cognition Among Older Adults in Rural Bangladesh: Comparisons With Chronological Age2019Ingår i: Journal of Aging and Health, ISSN 0898-2643, E-ISSN 1552-6887, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 814-836Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: We constructed a functional biological age (fBioAge) indicator by using four functional variables: grip strength, forced expiratory lung volume, visual acuity, and hearing. Our aim was to compare how chronological age (ChronAge) and fBioAge are related to cognitive abilities in older adults.

    METHOD: We used data from the Poverty and Health in Aging project, Bangladesh. Participants ( N = 400) were 60+ years of age and diagnosed as nondemented. Examined cognitive abilities were four episodic memory measures (including recall and recognition), two verbal fluency indicators, two semantic knowledge, and two processing speed tasks.

    RESULTS: fBioAge accounted for cognitive variance beyond that explained by ChronAge also after controlling for medical diagnoses and blood markers.

    DISCUSSION: Compared with ChronAge, fBioAge was a stronger predictor of cognition during a broad part of the old adult span. fBioAge seems, in that respect, to have the potential to become a useful age indicator in future aging studies.

  • 23.
    Komlenac, Nikola
    et al.
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Verdonk, Petra
    Amsterdam UMC-VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Hochleitner, Margarethe
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Siller, Heidi
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Parenthood does not explain the gender difference in clinical position in academic medicine among Swedish, Dutch and Austrian physicians2019Ingår i: Advances in Health Sciences Education, ISSN 1382-4996, E-ISSN 1573-1677, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 539-557Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have continuously shown that fewer women than men achieve leadership positions in academic medicine. In the current study we explored gender differences in clinical position among academic physicians at three university hospitals, each in a different European country. These countries, Sweden, the Netherlands and Austria, differ in terms of gender equality. We analyzed whether the number of children, working hours or publications could explain gender differences in physicians' clinical position. In this cross-sectional questionnaire study 1333 (54% female) physicians participated. Physicians were asked about their gender, age, number of children, working hours and clinical position. We used structural equation models to explore the influence of gender on the physicians' clinical position in each of the three countries. We explored whether the association between gender and clinical position could be explained by number of children, working hours or publication activity. The analyses revealed that at all three university hospitals gender influenced clinical position. These gender differences in clinical position could be partly explained by gender differences in publication activity. Female physicians as compared to male physicians were likely to publish fewer articles, and in turn these lower publication numbers were associated with lower clinical positions. The number of children or working hours did not explain gender differences in publication activity or clinical position. Therefore, factors other than unequal allocation of household labor, such as the academic working environment, may still disproportionately disadvantage women's progress, even at universities in countries with high rates of gender equality such as Sweden.

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  • 24.
    Finkel, Deborah
    et al.
    Indiana University Southeast, New Albany, Indiana / Jönköping University.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Jylhävä, Juulia
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bai, Ge
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Pedersen, Nancy L
    Karolinska Institutet / University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Functional Aging Index Complements Frailty in Prediction of Entry into Care and Mortality.2019Ingår i: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, Vol. 74, nr 12, s. 1980-1986Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop a functional aging index (FAI) that taps four body systems: sensory (vision and hearing), pulmonary, strength (grip strength), and movement/balance (gait speed) and to test the predictive value of FAI for entry into care and mortality.

    METHOD: Growth curve models and cox regression models were applied to data from 1695 individuals from three Swedish longitudinal studies of aging. Participants were aged 45 to 93 at intake and data from up to 8 follow-up waves were available.

    RESULTS: The rate of change in FAI was twice as fast after age 75 as before, women demonstrated higher mean FAI, but no sex differences in rates of change with chronological age were identified. FAI predicted entry into care and mortality, even when chronological age and a frailty index were included in the models. Hazard ratios indicated FAI was a more important predictor of entry into care for men than women; whereas it was a stronger predictor of mortality for men than women.

    CONCLUSIONS: Measures of biological aging and functional aging differ in their predictive value for entry into care and mortality for men and women, suggesting that both are necessary for a complete picture of the aging process across genders.

  • 25.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Klysing, Amanda
    Lund University.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Lund University.
    Renström, Emma Aurora
    Gothenburg University.
    The (Not So) Changing Man: Dynamic Gender Stereotypes in Sweden2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, artikel-id 37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Social Role Theory gender stereotypes are dynamic constructs influenced by actual and perceived changes in which roles women and men occupy (Wood & Eagly, 2011). Sweden is ranked as one of the most gender equal countries in the world, with a strong national equality discourse, and a relatively high number of men engaging in traditionally communal roles such as parenting and domestic tasks. This would imply a change towards higher communion among men. Therefore, we investigated the dynamics of gender stereotype content in Sweden with a primary interest in the male stereotype and perceptions of gender equality. In Study 1, participants (N = 323) estimated descriptive stereotype content of women and men in Sweden in the past, present or future. They also estimated gender distribution in occupations and domestic roles for each time-point. Results showed that the female stereotype increased in agentic traits from the past to the present, while the male stereotype had not changed. Furthermore, participants estimated no change for the future, and they overestimated how often women and men occupy gender nontraditional roles at present times. In Study 2, we controlled for participants’ actual knowledge about role change by either describing women’s change in agentic roles, or men’s change in communal roles (and a control). Participants (N = 648) were randomised to the three different conditions. Overall, the female stereotype increased in masculine traits, and this change was mediated by perceptions of social role occupation. The male stereotype did not change in femininity but decreased in masculinity when change focused on women’s role change in agentic roles. These results indicate that role change among women also influence perceptions of the male stereotype. Altogether, the results indicate that positive femininity is harder for men to gain, in that the only difference in gender stereotypes at present times occurred for this dimension.

  • 26.
    Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Formanowicz, Magdalena
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Boyd, Ryan L.
    The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Sikström, Sverker
    Lund University.
    Sczesny, Sabine
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    The Big Two Dictionaries:Capturing Agency and Communion in Natural Language2019Ingår i: European Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, E-ISSN 1099-0992, Vol. 49, nr 5, s. 871-887Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies developed and validated two dictionaries to capture agentic and communal expressions in natural language. Their development followed the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) approach (Study 1) and we tested their validity with frequency-based analyses and semantic similarity measures. The newly developed Agency and Communion dictionaries were aligned with LIWC categories related to agency and communion (Study 2), and corresponded with subjective ratings (Study 3), confirming their convergent validity. Very low or absent correspondence between proposed dictionaries and unrelated LIWC categories demonstrated their discriminant validity (Study 2). Finally, we applied both dictionaries to language used in advertisements. In correspondence to gender stereotypes, male-dominated jobs were advertised with more agentic than communal words, and female-dominated jobs with more communal than agentic words (Study 4). Both dictionaries represent reliable tools for quantifying agentic and communal content in natural language, and will improve and facilitate future research on agency and communion.

  • 27.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Renström, Emma A
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gender bias in assessment of future work ability among pain patients - an experimental vignette study of medical students' assessment2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 407-414Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims Pain is a prevalent problem in many countries. Women are more often on sick-leave for pain than men. Such gender differences have been explained through biological factors, different demands for on the job market, and home conditions. Fewer studies have focused on how gender stereotypes may bias the medical assessment of pain patients. The aim of the present research was to investigate if a gender bias in medical students' evaluations of chronic pain patients can contribute to explaining the gender differences in sick-leave due to pain. Specifically, we investigated whether medical students' estimates of a patient's accuracy of their own work ability and amount of domestic work differed between female and male patients, and how such estimates influenced the medical students' judgments of the patient's work ability. Methods Medical students (n=137; 60 women; 74 men; three unspecified) read a vignette describing a patient with pain and filled out a questionnaire. The vignette was identical and gender neutral, except for the name of the patient signaling gender. A between-subjects experimental design was used in which participants were randomly assigned to an experimental condition. Participants then judged the patient's work ability, the accuracy of the patient's self-assessed work ability, and the amount of domestic work they believed was performed by the patient. All ratings were made on seven-point items. Results The results showed that there was no main effect of gender on perceived future work ability of the patient, F (1,131)=0.867, p=0.353. However, male patients were considered to be more accurate in their self-assessed work ability than female patients F (1,131)=5.925 p=0.016 (Mfemale=4.87, SDfemale=1.22, and Mmale=5.33, SDmale=1.02). Moreover, female patients were thought to perform more domestic work, F (1,131)=25.56, p<0.001 (Mfemale=4.14, SDfemale=1.41, and Mmale=3.07, SDmale=1.16). Finally, perceived amount of domestic work moderated the effects of perceived future work ability for female but not for male patients, B=0.42, p=0.005. Hence, there was a positive effect of amount of domestic work performed on work ability judgments for women, such that the more domestic work they were assumed to perform, the more they were perceived to be able to work. Conclusions Gender stereotypes influenced assessments of future work ability in pain patients, mainly because women were assumed to perform more domestic work which had a positive effect on perceived work ability. Because domestic work should have a negative effect on recovery, expectations from the physician that domestic work is expected by female patients may in fact have the opposite effect prolonging sick-leave. Moreover, the students trusted the male patients' ability to assess their own work capacity more than women's. Implications It is important that medical students receive education about gender biases and how they may influence medical assessment during their training. Such education may alleviate the influence of gender stereotypes.

  • 28.
    Bäck, Emma A.
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Stockholms universitet.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholms universitet.
    Hen. Bakgrund, attityder och användande2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2015 infördes det könsneutrala pronomenet hen i Svenska akademins ordlista efter en känslomässig allmän debatt om ordet, dess innebörd och möjliga konsekvenser. Hösten 2015 genomförde vi en större enkätundersökning som besvarades av 1308 personer registrerade i Enkätfabrikens deltagarpanel. Enkäten presenterades som en studie om attityder i aktuella frågor, till exempel attityder till jämställdhet och det svenska språket. Enkäten innehöll frågor om attityder till och användande av det könsneutrala pronomenet hen. Till exempel ställdes frågor om hur ofta och i vilka situationer hen används, och vad deltagaren tycker om ordet. I enkäten fanns också mer generella frågor om jämställdhet och språk.I den här rapporten beskrivs först hur språk och jämställdhet är relaterade till varandra och hur språk antas kunna påverka uppfattningar om kön. Vi beskriver också specifikt hur införandet av hen gick till. Efter det följer resultat från enkäten.Studien är en del av ett större projekt vars huvudsakliga syfte är att studera attityder till och kognitiva effekter av det könsneutrala pronomenet hen. Andra studier i projektet inkluderar experimentella laboratoriestudier med ögonrörelsemätningar, enkät-experiment samt en uppföljande enkät till denna, för att studera förändringar över tid. Projektet är ett samarbete mellan de psykologiska institutionerna vid Stockholms, Lunds och Göteborgs universitet och har sin hemvist vid Stockholms universitet.

  • 29.
    Hellmer, Kahl
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Stenson, Johanna T.
    Uppsala University.
    Jylhä, Kirsti M.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Uppsala University.
    What's (not) underpinning ambivalent sexism?: Revisiting the roles of ideology, religiosity, personality, demographics, and men's facial hair in explaining hostile and benevolent sexism2018Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 122, s. 29-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ambivalent sexism is a two-dimensional framework that assesses sexist and misogynous attitudes. The current corpus of research on such attitudes suggest that they are predicted by numerous variables, including religious beliefs, ideological variables, and men's facial hair. Most studies, however, have treated such predictors as if they are independent – inferring that zero-order correlations between sexism and its predictors are not confounded by omitted third variables. In the current work, we address ambivalent sexism using a large array of known correlates of sexist attitudes in two large and demographically diverse samples. We show that low empathic concern is the primary driver of hostile-, but not benevolent sexism (Study 1); that social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism, religiosity, and low Openness and Agreeableness differentially predict ambivalent sexism (Study 2); along with male gender and low education level (Study 1 and 2). Contradicting an earlier finding, men's facial hair was not correlated with hostile sexism in either studies and a short full beard predicted lower scores on benevolent sexism in Study 2. Thus, we replicated the main findings from most previous research except for men's facial hair, and we also show the paths through which predictors of sexist attitudes exert their effects.

  • 30.
    Steen Rostad, Ingrid
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology; St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Danielsen Tvedt, Sturle
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Tevik Løvseth, Lise
    St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Physicians' Mental Health and Nationality Affect how Work Characteristics Influence Presenteeism2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, E-ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 3, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Jönköping University.
    Education level explains participation in work and education later in life2017Ingår i: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, nr 10, s. 511-521Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens’ organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65–75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

  • 32.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence / Linnaeus University.
    Sandin Wranker, Lena
    Lund University.
    Kabir, Zarina Nahar
    Karolinska Institute.
    Sternäng, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Jönköping University.
    Everyday Health among Older People: A Comparison between Two Countries with Variant Life Conditions2017Ingår i: Journal of Aging Research, ISSN 2090-2204, E-ISSN 2090-2212, s. -8, artikel-id 2720942Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday health in Sweden were found for pain and tiredness, while in Bangladesh they were financial status, tiredness, and sleeping problems. As similarities were found regarding the associations of tiredness on everyday health, tiredness may be a universal predictor of everyday health in older adults irrespective of country context.

  • 33.
    Feingold, Daniel
    et al.
    Ariel University, Ariel, Israel / Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
    Hasson-Ohayon, Ilanit
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Laukka, Petri
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Vishne, Tali
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Dembinsky, Yael
    Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
    Kravets, Shlomo
    Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
    Emotion recognition deficits among persons with schizophrenia: Beyond stimulus complexity level and presentation modality.2016Ingår i: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 240, s. 60-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that persons with schizophrenia have lower accuracy in emotion recognition compared to persons without schizophrenia. However, the impact of the complexity level of the stimuli or the modality of presentation has not been extensively addressed. Forty three persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and 43 healthy controls, matched for age and gender, were administered tests assessing emotion recognition from stimuli with low and high levels of complexity presented via visual, auditory and semantic channels. For both groups, recognition rates were higher for high-complexity stimuli compared to low-complexity stimuli. Additionally, both groups obtained higher recognition rates for visual and semantic stimuli than for auditory stimuli, but persons with schizophrenia obtained lower accuracy than persons in the control group for all presentation modalities. Persons diagnosed with schizophrenia did not present a level of complexity specific deficit or modality-specific deficit compared to healthy controls. Results suggest that emotion recognition deficits in schizophrenia are beyond level of complexity of stimuli and modality, and present a global difficulty in cognitive functioning.

  • 34.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Kochukhova, Olga
    Uppsala University.
    Nyström, Pär
    Uppsala University.
    Social perception: How do 6-month-old infants look at pointing gestures?2016Ingår i: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 42, s. 152-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explored 6-month-old infants' ability to follow a pointing gesture in a dynamic social context. The infants were presented with a video of a model pointing to one of two toys. The pointing gesture was performed either normally (with arm and hand pointing at the same direction), with a stick, or the model's arm and hand pointing in different directions (at different toys). The results indicate that infants at this age reliably followed pointing performed normally.

  • 35.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Uppsala University.
    Psychological variables underlying political orientations in an old and a new democracy: A comparative study between Sweden and Latvia2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, nr 5, s. 437-445Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines in detail the psychological variables underlying ideological political orientation, and structure and contents of this orientation, in Sweden and Latvia. Individual political orientation is conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. Swedish (N = 320) and Latvian (N = 264) participants completed measures of political orientation, Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA), self vs. other orientation, tolerance for ambiguity, humanism and normativism, core political values, system justification, as well as moral foundations questionnaire and portrait values questionnaire. The results showed that the relation among the measured variables was similar in both samples. Swedish participants showed stronger endorsement of egalitarian attitudes and social values, whereas we found more self-enhancing and socially conservative values and attitudes among the Latvian participants.

  • 36.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. KTH.
    Imamovic, Amra
    KTH.
    Bolin, Karl
    KTH.
    Buller i Silverdal 20162016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att buller orsakar ohälsa för många medborgare både i Europa generellt, och i Sverige. De två viktigaste negativa hälsoeffekterna av buller är försämrad sömn och bullerstörning. Trafikbuller är den främsta orsaken till dessa effekter.

    I denna studie användes enkäter samt data från bullerkartor för att undersöka bullerstörning från trafik. Av de 1168 personerna i urvalet deltog 678 personer. Deltagarna svarade på 39 frågor rörande: buller, hälsa, rekreationsbeteende, luftkvalitéupplevelse samt demografi.

    Studiens första syfte var att undersöka bullerstörning från vägtrafik och spårtrafik, hos boende i Silverdal. Resultatet visade att de boende i Silverdal är mer störda av buller än genomsnittet i Sverige, men även jämfört med de beräknade störningsnivåerna från bullerkartorna. Faktorerna som starkast påverkade störning från vägtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, den upplevda luftkvalitén hemma, utbildningsnivå, om sovrumsfönstret vette mot en lokalgata samt attityd till vägtrafik. Motsvarande faktorer för spårtrafik var: upplevda vibrationer, sovrumsfönster mot spår samt utbildningsnivå.

    Studiens andra syfte undersökte upplevelse av rekreationsmöjligheter och rekreationsbeteende. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av deltagarna upplever mycket bra möjligheter till rekreation. Områden, nära hemmet, med natur samt med lägre nivåer av bullernivåer, var mest besökta.

    Studiens tredje syfte var att undersöka hur boende i Silverdal upplevde luftkvalitén. Resultatet visar att utomhusluften är det som upplevs mest problematiskt, medan färre upplever inomhusluften som dålig.

    Studien visar att många boende i Silverdal är störda av buller, både jämfört med nationella undersökningar, men även i relation till den beräknade bullerstörningsnivån från bullerkartor. Rekreationsmiljön i området upplevs som relativt god och lufkvalitén upplevs som ett relativt mindre problem jämfört med bullret. Utomhusmiljön är den miljö som upplevs som är mest problematiskt för boende. Bulleråtgärder utomhus längs bullerkällornas sträckning rekommenderas, dels eftersom de efterfrågas av de boende, del för att de  minskar bullret både utomhus och inomhus.

  • 37. Johansson, Anders
    et al.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Bolin, Karl
    Partial loudness assessment of wind turbine sound through continuous judgment by category-ratio scaling2016Ingår i: BNAM 2016 conference proceedings, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Hedberg, Per H.
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm School of Economics.
    Svahn, M.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Total gamification and the limits of our imagination2016Ingår i: The Business of Gamification: A Critical Analysis / [ed] Mikolaj Dymek; Peter Zackariasson, New York: Routledge, 2016, s. 208-218Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Bhatara, Anjali
    et al.
    CNRS, Paris, France / University of Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Laukka, Petri
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Boll-Avetisyan, Natalie
    University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Granjon, Lionel
    CNRS, Paris, France / University of Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Elfenbein, Hillary Anger
    Washington University, St Louis, USA.
    Banziger, Tanja
    Mid Sweden University.
    Second Language Ability and Emotional Prosody Perception2016Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, nr 6, artikel-id e0156855Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the effect of language experience on vocal emotion perception in a second language. Native speakers of French with varying levels of self-reported English ability were asked to identify emotions from vocal expressions produced by American actors in a forced-choice task, and to rate their pleasantness, power, alertness and intensity on continuous scales. Stimuli included emotionally expressive English speech (emotional prosody) and non-linguistic vocalizations (affect bursts), and a baseline condition with Swiss-French pseudo-speech. Results revealed effects of English ability on the recognition of emotions in English speech but not in non-linguistic vocalizations. Specifically, higher English ability was associated with less accurate identification of positive emotions, but not with the interpretation of negative emotions. Moreover, higher English ability was associated with lower ratings of pleasantness and power, again only for emotional prosody. This suggests that second language skills may sometimes interfere with emotion recognition from speech prosody, particularly for positive emotions.

  • 40.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Stenberg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University.
    What aspects of others' behaviors do infants attend to in live situations?2015Ingår i: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 40, s. 173-182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A head-mounted camera was used for studying infant focus of attention. In two situations, 10- and 14-month-old infants observed two adults interacting. In one situation, the adults had a conversation and in the other situation, they were playing with blocks. The results indicate a preference for observing manual actions and a different pattern in looking at conversations than has been shown in eye-tracking studies. The head-mounted camera is a promising method for examining the infant's focus of attention.

  • 41.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia.
    A comparative study of psychological mechanisms underlying political orientation in an old and a new democracy2015Ingår i: 2015 Program The Society for Personality and Social psychology 16th Annual Convention: Long Beach, February 26-18, 2015, 2015, s. 505-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Montgomery, Henry
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson, Philip
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia.
    Temporal distance and the perception of political proposals in terms of their favorability, feasibility and desirability2015Ingår i: 2015 Program The Society for Personality and Social psychology 16th Annual Convention: Long Beach, February 26-18, 2015, 2015, s. 56-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty-one university college students were presented with 10 political proposals, recently advanced in Sweden. For each participant, each of the 10 proposals  was described as being implemented in the near future and in a more distant future. The participants were asked to judge the proposals in terms of their favorability, desirability, and feasibility. In line with Construal Level Theory (CLT, Trope & Liberman, 2010), it was found that feasibility better predicted favorability of close future proposals (as compared to temporally distant proposals) whereas the opposite pattern was found for desirability.  Also in line with CLT, correlational data suggested that participants to a larger extent as compared to the near future tailored their representations of the distant future such that feasibility co-varied positively with the desirability of a proposal, suggesting an optimism bias. Presumably, this was possible because feasibility is less concrete and more malleable for more distant events.

  • 43.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Creativity - The missing link between critical and future-oriented thinking in higher education2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the psychological bases of political orientation2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests a theoretical model where the social dimension of political orientation (acceptance vs. rejection of social change) is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the economic dimension (acceptance vs. rejection of inequality) is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. {Schwartz, 1992 #322}Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable, both theoretically and empirically. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 45.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Uppsala University.
    Uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness as the bases for system justification and dependence on others2014Ingår i: ISJR Conference Program, 2014, s. 133-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Dimdins, Girts
    et al.
    University of Latvia.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Uppsala Universitet.
    A two-dimensional model for measurement of political orientation2014Ingår i: On conference website, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often measured on a single right-left (or conservative-liberal) continuum, individual political orientation can be conceptualized as consisting of at least two orthogonal dimensions. The first is acceptance vs. rejection of social change, and the second is acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the former dimension is represented as acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and the latter dimension is represented as tough mindedness vs. empathy. The former axis corresponds to the conservation vs. openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the self-protection vs. growth dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the personal vs. social focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed both one-dimensional and two-dimensional measures of political orientation, measures of social dominance orientation, right wing authoritarianism, system justification, need for cognitive closure, moral motives, values, dependence on others, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the network of political beliefs and attitudes that represents individual political orientation can be largely reduced to the basic psychological variables of uncertainty avoidance and tough-mindedness, and that both dimensions of political orientation are separable not only theoretically, but also empirically. Our findings call for using two-dimensional measures of political orientation instead of one-dimensional measures (even in cultural contexts where both dimensions are highly correlated), because each dimension can be used to predict its own set of political beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.

  • 47.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Psychological mechanisms underlying political orientations in an old and a newdemocracy: A comparative study between Sweden and Latvia2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 48.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    An empirical test of a two-dimensional model of political orientation: Disentangling the liberal-conservative continuum2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation can be conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the social and economic aspects of political orientation are both theoretically and empirically separable, and can be at least partially explained with the importance of basic values. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 49.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Stockholms universitet.
    Testing a new theoretical model of political orientation: Findings beyond the simple liberal-conservative division2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation is primarily comprised of two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent both dimensions (corresponding to acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively). Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of these psychological variables. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in pronounced system justification tendencies, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represent low system justification. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

    To explain individual political orientation, we propose and successfully test a theoretical model where two primary dimensions of acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy are combined resulting in the secondary dimensions of high vs. low system justification, and high vs. low dependence on others.

  • 50.
    Eneroth, Mari
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Psykologi. Stockholm University.
    Lovseth, Lise T.
    St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Schenck-Gustafsson, Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Fridner, Ann
    Stockholm Univeristy / Karolinska Institutet.
    A comparison of risk and protective factors related to suicide ideation among residents and specialists in academic medicine2014Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, artikel-id 271Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physicians have an elevated risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, which might be due to work-related factors. However, the hierarchical work positions as well as work-related health differ among resident and specialist physicians. As such, the correlates of suicide ideation may also vary between these two groups. Methods: In the present study, work- and health-related factors and their association with suicidal thoughts among residents (n=234) and specialists (n=813) working at a university hospital were examined using cross-sectional data. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that having supportive meetings was associated with a lower level of suicide ideation among specialists (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.50-0.94), while an empowering leadership was related to a lower level of suicide ideation among residents (OR=0.55, 95% CI: 0.32-0.94). Having been harassed at work was associated with suicidal ideation among specialists (OR=2.26, 95% CI: 1.31-3.91). In addition, sickness presenteeism and work disengagement were associated with suicide ideation in both groups of physicians. Conclusions: These findings suggest that different workplace interventions are needed to prevent suicide ideation in residents and specialists.

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