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  • 951.
    Ölund, Caroline
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Betygssystemskiftena 1995 och 2012: Hur kunskapssynen speglas i politiskt ställningstagande2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a comparative study of the change in grading system in the year of 1995 and the coming year of 2012. The objective is to analyze and compare the political debate from two Swedish parties, the Social democrats and the Moderates, from a number of the parties political periodicals. Futher the objective is to show, from the periodicals debate, what approach to knowledge the parties are presenting. The theoretical base of this study is rooted in the political background of grading system and in literature defining different theories about knowledge and approach to knowledge. The investigation is qualitative and the main research method is text analysis.

    The conclusions is that the parties overall stood their ground and kept their opinions throughout the two debates and the change in grade systems. Although a small change has been detected in the way the Social democrats in the recent debate opened up for earlier evaluation of students. Futher on the parties approch to knowledge is a complex question and cannot be answered in just one word. And the conclusion of the parties approach to knowledge consists of many forms of reasoning and complexity.  

     

  • 952.
    Östman Kornefalk, Ellen
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Läraren Vs. Tekniken: en undersökning om lärares förhållningssätt till tekniken i undervisningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of technology in today's society is frequent and often necessary, but how, when and where are we supposed to learn how to use it? And if it is such a big and important part of our society, then why don’t teachers get more training in how to use the technology? The purpose of this paper is to examine whether teachers attitudes to technology affects their use of technology in their teaching. In school technology can be a complementary to other material, if teachers have the necessary skills to use technology in a pedagogical way. I have chosen to do a qualitative study in form of interviews and observations at a school outside of Stockholm. The results show that both school and teachers must want to work with technology if anyone will be getting something out of it. If schools invest a lot of money on technology that teachers can’t use, it is as bad as if the teachers would be in possession of all knowledge in the world but not be able to convey it. Schools must do more than just buy technology, they must give the classrooms enough computers so that several students can work at the same time, and they must have a functioning support and give the teachers necessary training in how to use it with their students. The teachers in this study said that there are several advantages and disadvantages of the use of technology in teaching. The advantages are that access to technology are fun for students and can often help them in different ways, the disadvantages are poor quality computers and the time it takes for the teachers to work with technology. During observations I could see that students who work together through technology enlisted help of each other, while students who work with books, completely forget the student who sits next to them and go directly to the teacher to get answers to their questions. Technology is here to stay and we must therefore adapt to it accordingly.

  • 953.
    Östman, Lena
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Jämställdhet, jämlikhet, olikhet: kunskap om skolans jämställdhetsarbete2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about gender equality in a Swedish upper secondary school. The aim is twofold: to obtain knowledge about feminism, gender equality, boys´ and girls´ situations in schools and gender equality work there; and to find out if government management documents for schools work effectively when it comes to promoting gender equality in schools. There are four research questions: How do teachers interpret what´s said in management documents for schools? What strategies do teachers use to promote gender equality? What opportunities and obstacles do teachers see for promoting gender equality at the specific school? And, finally, do the management documents for the school work effectively when it comes to promoting gender equality?

    The study has a socialist feminist perspective, which sees gender differences as a result of a mix of biological, historical and social factors. Important theoretical standpoints include gender socialization as an explanation for how girls and boys become women and men.

    The results of the study points out that teachers interpret management documents differently, and that they find the documents hard to understand. They use a few different strategies when it comes to promoting gender equality, although they do not sufficiently realize the importance of their own conceptions of girls and boys in reproducing existing gender patterns. One of the obstacles for promoting gender equality in the school, although not mentioned by the teachers, seems to be the school management, who seem to do nothing to promote gender equality and fail to set up goals for gender equality in local school management documents. The main obstacle, however, is found to be the surrounding society and it´s definition of women and men. The main opportunity in the school is found to be the teachers, given that they are provided with knowledge, support from management and more specific formulations in management documents on how to work practically with gender equality.

    Suggestions for future research include comparative studies, studies on teachers views on gender equality as a goal already reached in Sweden, and studies on how to use the concept of intersectionality in the aim of reaching a higher level of equality in schools.

  • 954.
    Özmen, Magdalena
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hur arbetar man med tvåspråkiga barns språkutveckling i en mångkulturell skola?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work investigates how educationalists on a multi-cultural school work with language development of bilingually children. The children in both investigated classes have a different mother tongue which means that they have Swedish as a second language, they are bilingually. It’s relevant for me to know if there is any consideration taken for these bilingually children. If yes, then in what way? The method which is used is a two weeks observation of two classes in the third grade, complemented with semi- structured interviews with the two class teachers. Both educationalists are bilingually and have great experience of working with bilingually children.

    The result of the investigation was that enough consideration wasn’t taking place for the bilingually children, This was caused by external circumcises, with bilingually children drastically increasing in school today have lead to too many children per teacher which has caused disturbance in the classroom. The educationalists work with bilingualism unconsciousness and they don’t put a lot of importance into every individual because of the fact that all children in the classes are bilingually, which leads to the education not being individually adapted. They are instead putting a great efforts into simplify and change the tasks so that the children easier understands them. They use a lot of both reading and writing as a way of working to stimulate the children’s language development. Something that can have a great significance for the children and their language development is the first mother tongue teaching which they have at school. There isn’t any cooperation between the class teachers and the mother tongue teachers at the moment.

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