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  • 601.
    Szrubka, Wojciech
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, Political science.
    Learning from the past: EU Enlargement and the Question of the Free Workforce Movement2003In: Sweden and Poland from a European Perspective: Some Aspects on the Integration Process / [ed] Yonhyok Choe; Björn Hassler; Stanislaw Zyborowicz, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 133-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 602.
    Säll, Daniel
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur används vetenskap och forskning i den politiska debatten?: Idéanalys av debatten kring försäkringsmedicinskt beslutsstöd2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How is research and science being used in political debate? An idea analysis of the debate about försäkringsmedicinskt beslutsstöd (decision tool in healthcare security)

    This is a case study on different types of research use (utilization) The aim of this paper is to examine how the politicians make use of expertise and research in the parliamentary debate surrounding the decision tool in healthcare security (försäkringsmedicinskt beslutsstöd). The aim is also to find out to what extent different types of research use are present in this debate. In this case study the qualitative method of idea analysis is being used on the empirical material. The tool of analysis is based upon the theories of research use by Amara et al. (building on Beyer) and Carol Weiss. My conclusion is that the most common type of research use in this debate is the symbolic, followed by the conceptual type. The instrumental type of research use is the least frequent one in this debate.

  • 603.
    Säterskog, Sofia
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Social Capital According to Gender: Social and political trust within gender divided groups in Babati, Tanzania2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The theory of social capital has been well discussed within the field of Political Science. This paper aims to study how social capital is gender related within gender divided groups in Babati, Tanzania. The study maps out the distribution of social and political trust within these groups. The material consists of 50 interviews with men and women that participate in informal, voluntary groups in Babati. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods has been used to analyze the trust distribution between men and women. The data that is analyzed through the theory of Robert Putnam and trough) Gidengil and O’Neill’s criticism of Putnam, claiming that social capital is imbued in gender patterns, inequalities and hierarchies.

    The result shows small variety between men and women’s social and political trust, with the exemption of women possessing stronger trust towards court judges than men do. Gender patterns can be found in the motivations for trust and distrust among the respondents, which suggests that, the assumptions of Gidengil and O’Neill are valid.

  • 604.
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Att göra kaos: Om förortspolitiken som urban styrregim och demokratiskt spel2018In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 9, p. 103-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Nazem Tahvilzadeh och Lisa Kings artikel diskuteras orsakerna till den uppståndelse, eller ”kaos” för att använda aktivisternas egna ord, som organisationen Megafonen skapade inom ramen för stadsutvecklingsprojektet Järvalyftet i Husby. Med inspiration från teorier om hur samtycke till ojämlikhet grundläggs på fabriksgolvet utvecklas två begrepp för att synliggöra den politiska ordningen i förorten och dess konkreta aktiviteter: urbana styrregimer och demokratiska spel. Studien visar hur Megafonens avhopp och sedermera kritik av Järvalyftet och förortspolitiken bröt mot den etablerade politiska ordningen i relationerna mellan stat och civilsamhälle i den urbana periferin. Aktivisternas handlingar kom därför att betraktas som ”skandalösa” av delar av det politiska etablissemanget. Megafonen vägrade att spela enligt spelets regler och synliggjorde således ojämlikheterna i förortspolitikens demokratiska spel med medborgarna. Underlaget för studien baseras på processpårande och etnografisk metod som empiriskt återskapar den förortspolitiska satsningen Järvalyftet och dess logiker samt Megafonens roll 2006–2013.

  • 605. Tallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Bergström, Carl Fredrik
    Vifell, Åsa Casula
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Palme, Joakim
    Demokratirådets rapport 2010: Europeiseringen av Sverige2010Book (Other academic)
  • 606.
    Thunberg, Maria
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Europeisering och Programmatisk Förändring: "Europafrågan" i Polska Partiers Politiska Program Under 2000-talet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This study deals with the phenomenon of European integration and its impact on national party programs in Poland, a current member state of the European Union. The author will argue that the question of European integration has left a mark on the political party programs of two mainstream domestic parties on opposite sides of the ideological dimension, in the form of a certain degree of convergence regarding the “European issue”. Relating the result of the analysis to the theoretical structure of Europeanization and sociological institutional change, the essay will attempt to show a possible link between them. Although this trend does not seem to indicate any dramatic effects of the membership per se in the programs (the national arena seems, in most cases, be of more value for party activities) there is an indirect effect in the form of the presence of Europarties and a pronounced incentive for social and economic adaptation.

  • 607.
    Timofejevs Henriksson, Peteris
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The 2014 European elections and the Central and Eastern Europe: The End of the Affair?2014In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. online, no June 17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 608. Timofejevs Henriksson, Peteris
    The 2014 Parliamentary Elections in Latvia:: Keep Calm and Carry On2014In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. online, no Oct. 13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 609.
    Timofejevs Henriksson, Peteris
    Umeå universitet.
    The Europeanisation of Foreign Aid Policy: Slovenia and Latvia 1998-20102013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 610.
    Timofejevs Henriksson, Peteris
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Europeanisation of Latvia’s Public Policy:: The Case of Foreign Aid Policy 1998-20102013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 611. Trantas, Georgios
    et al.
    Zagoriti, Paraskevi
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Müller, Wolfgang C
    Strøm, Kaare
    Greece: ’Rationalizing’ Constitutional Powers in a Post-Dictatorial Country2003In: Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary democracies / [ed] Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, Torbjörn Bergman, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2003, p. 376-398Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 612.
    Uebel, Jonas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Liberal högersväng?: En jämförande analys av folkpartiet liberalerna och Det Radikale Venstres ideologiska positionering2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to empirically examine the ideological trends and positioning of the Swedish liberal party with the Danish social liberal party. This paper also aims to analyze the reasons behind the trends. By examine the development in these two Nordic liberal sisterparties, this paper contributes to our understanding of why and how party change is initiated. The paper commences with an intuitive notion that the Swedish party has in fact, made a lurch towards the right, during the past ten to fifteen years while the Danish party has retained their social-liberal position in the centre of the Danish political spectrum. The questions then asked are: can this hypothesis be verified empirically? If so, how can this phenomenon of divergence, be explained?

    The method used in this thesis is process-tracing and the empirical material does to a large extent rely on interviews with central agents as they are specified in the theory of each party. The starting point of the paper is theory on party change, which identifies the important agents, goals and determinants of party policy.. It rely on rational choice assumption, pays regard to institutional boundaries and is placed somewhere in the category of new institutionalism.

    This thesis argues that it is empirically unquestionable that the Swedish party de facto has made a lurch to the right during the last decade, while the Danish party has shown significant stability in their ideological position. The thesis further argues that the development in the Swedish party can be explained through a shift of primary goals, from policy-seeking toward vote-maximising, while the Danish party’s primary goals have since the beginning of the nineties until now, remained primarily policy-seeking. This explains why their ideological trend has kept a stable course. The paper concludes by stating that the divergent development within the two parties is explainable on the basis of the institutional organisation within each party, together with the different political environments they are occupied in.

  • 613. Vifell, Åsa
    Enklaver i staten: Internationalisering, demokrati och den svenska statsförvaltningen2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis has two purposes. The first is to understand the organizational forms of the public administration when it participates in international rule making processes. The second purpose investigates democratic implications of internationalization of the Swedish state administration. A theoretical framework, combining theories of governance with ideas on resource dependence and a neo-institutional approach, is applied to three empirical cases. The cases follow decision making processes within the European Employment Strategy, The Kyoto Protocol for reduction of green house gasses and negotiations on trade facilitation within the WTO. The studied processes can be described as complex and fragmented, containing multiple types of actors and parallel arenas, complex technical material and bureaucratic processes. They were also characterised by the fact that policy was created throughout the course of the processes. They also seemed to lack an ending and were to a high degree bound by their history. The administrations’ response resulted in an organisational form that is theoretically developed in the study – enclaves. Enclaves contain members from different organizations, both private and state organizations and the work within them is carried out in an informal and interactive way. They are de-coupled units with stable membership that is related to positions in the hierarchy. As opposed to networks, enclaves are not self-organizing but the membership is mainly controlled by state-actors. The second aim of the study is carried out through a number of indicators derived from the deliberative and the representative models of democracy. The blurring of responsibilities, the lack of transparency and the barriers for entrance into the enclaves made the organisational forms of the administration seem problematic in relation to the representative model. However other features of the enclaves seemed to support a more communicative logic of action, leaving the deliberative model more promising as a way of understanding the administrations’ work as democratically legitimate. Still, the analysis showed that the deliberative model also faced some challenges in terms of lack of openness and inclusion of all relevant stake holders.

  • 614.
    Viklund, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Corporate Responses to the Global Compact and the UN norms: A difference in preference?: A Case-study on corporations` response to voluntary and legally binding initiatives2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines corporate responses to the voluntary UN initiative; the Global Compact and the legally binding UN Norms initiative that are attempts, at the urging of the international community, at different types of regulation of corporate activity in international socio-economic settings. This examination is done within the framework of the Modern World-Systems theory and both questions of the paper are therefore grounded in the MWS theory`s possibility to predict and explain the corporations` response to the two initiatives. The two hypotheses used in this paper are corresponding to the questions and they state that the MWS theory can answer the two questions. The paper therefore employs an overreaching congruence method that uses the MWS theory to predict and explain the outcome of the case study and a complementary descriptive argumentation analysis. This is conducted in order to attain the data needed and to elucidate what the differences and similarities are between the two initiatives and what aspect can be attributed most explanatory value to understand the possible differences in attitude by the corporations. The outcome of the case study shows that corporations are more in favor of the Global Compact then they are concerning the UN norms which they opposes vehemently. This difference in reaction is attributed to the latter’s legally binding principle and this is in accord with the logic of the MWS theory which is granted high predictable and explanatory value concerning the corporations` response to the Global Compact and the UN norms.

  • 615.
    Vikström, Mariana
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    The status of traditional knowledge: A study on the implementation of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity in Tanzania2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the issue of indigenous knowledge (with focus on biomedical knowledge) is discussed in the light of the international interest in biotechnology and bio-prospecting in countries rich in biodiversity and the ratification of the 1992 UN Convention on Biological Diversity in Tanzania. The background problem is the phenomenon of bio-piracy, which can be defined as "[w]here there is access to or acquisition of biodiversity (and/or related traditional knowledge) without prior informed consent, including prior informed consent about benefit sharing, on the part(s) of those whose biodiversity (or traditional knowledge) has been ‘accessed’ or ‘acquired’, there is biopiracy" (McGown 2006).

    The study is operationalized through a field study where the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (mainly) through national policy making in Tanzania is analysed. The study focuses on the structures of power which influences the situation for indigenous knowledge and the implementation of the Convention of Biological Diversity. National policies, key respondents, reports, articles and official statements are included in the analysis.

    The study suggests a poor implementation due to social, institutional and financial obstacles hindering effective policies and practices aiming to protect indigenous knowledge systems. The obstacles include little local involvement in decision making and enforcement due to flawed power relations on local, national and international levels as well as poor institutional structures. However, it is not possible do draw any certain conclusions about the factors behind the insufficient implementation, since the causes are several and multi-dimensional. However, some of the most evident issues are acknowledged and brought to discussion with reference to the theoretical framework of eco-feminist and implementation theory.

  • 616.
    Wennberg, Mathias
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Ett nedslag i den svenska kriminalvården: Kronobergshäktet i ett institutionellt perspektiv2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine to what extent there is a discrepancy between the formal guiding documents and the employees experiences of the activity at Kronobergshäktet. Furthermore, is it possible that any discrepancy could be explained by institutional imbalance? My main theories are normative institutionalism and a modified type of institutional analysis. The model consists of three parts –values (a common value-system), rules and practice (the unpredictable reality) and it assumes a reciprocal relationship between them. In order to examine this I have used qualitative methods in form of interviews combined with an analysis of content. The normative institutionalism presupposes that the actors follow a logic of appropriateness in the interest of both the institution and the actor. According to the respondents, their performance is restrained by the influence from practice. I found that the respondents in their work can’t apply the common value-system in favour of the unpredictable practice. This means that the people detained do not receive the care they are entitled to in times of overcrowdment. Remarkable as it is, the respondents are well aware of what causes the problem; the overloaded custody and the influence from the unpredictable practice. The conclusion is that in times of overcrowded departments the custody is governed neither by rules or values but by practice.

  • 617. Wennerhag, Magnus
    Gränslös politik och demokrati i rörelse2004In: Den tömda demokratin  : och vägarna tillbaka till makten / [ed] Adrienne Sörbom, Hans Abrahamsson, Stockholm: Agora , 2004, p. 162-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 618.
    Werkmästar, Magnus
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Chefer mittemellan: Polisens mellanchefer förutsättningar att fullgöra sitt uppdrag2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine how mid-level executive officers within Swedish Police respond to subordinates autonomous behaviour, mainly according to Lipsky´s theory on street-level bureaucracy. Questions focused on are:

    1. Which personnel related obstacles, are preventing the executive officers?

    2. How do executive officers counter obstacles?

    3. If possible, based on the result of the study, which are the conclusions about existing countermeasures?

    The papers´ aim is not to suggest which obstacles should be removed, nor if countermeasures are good/bad. Main aim is to identify how obstacles are countered. Theory and method are built on framework of Case Study. The method is built on theoretic examination of obstacles to examine concepts´ size and then interviews to confirm the obstacles and identify countermeasures. Conclusion of the first question is that obstacles are omnipresent in the governmental and societal systems. Conclusion of the second question is that obstacles are countered by friendly approach and to ally oneself to staff and personnel. Conclusion of the last question is that a mid-level executive through his allying enhances some behaviour, as long as more-wanted behaviours are produced with quality. This has effect upon society when combating crime, but is probably not likely to measure effectively.

  • 619.
    Westberg, Erik
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Fria skolval och lärarfacken: En jämförelse mellan svensk och fransk skoldebatt2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay compares the public debate in Sweden 1992 caused by the reforms introduced by the then government giving parents a free choice of schools for their children with the current debate in France about proposals for a similar law there. The study concentrates on the positions taken by the teachers trade unions, in Sweden Lärarförbundet and Lärarnas Riksförbund (LR) and in France SGEN-CFDT. To do so it is necessary also to study the arguments given for and against the proposals by the political parties.

    Some of the differences between the debates can be attributed to different circumstances. The Swedish reform was related to the opening up of possibilities to run private schools, which previously had been rare in Sweden. The French debate has no such connections. The private schools, mostly Catholic, have a very stable share of the students and no side is openly arguing for a change of any sort. Other differences depend on the French adversity to liberalism, almost always conflated with neo-liberalism which makes market-oriented arguments much less common in French public debate.

    Among the trade unions the big difference is between the two Swedish organisations, LR was overall positive to the proposals while Lärarförbundet opposed them. In France SGEN-CFDT takes a position strikingly similar to Lärarförbundets in Sweden 1992 seeing free choice as undermining the idea of a school system for all. In Sweden that idea is seen as a part of the welfare state, closely connected to the Social Democratic party. In France it is seen as a republican idea, connected to an idea of citizenship.

    The trade unions of the teachers in both France and Sweden are also in similar positions as their role has become merely reactive. There seems to be little room left for them to formulate policy and push the educational systems in their prefered directions.

  • 620.
    Witte, Klemens
    Södertörn University College, Baltic & East European Graduate School. Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    The (Re-) Creation of Latvian Citizenship: Questioning Ethnic and Liberal Democracy2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is foremost dealing with the process and the consequences of the restoration of the Latvian republic after 1991.

    It was examined what liberal and ethnic democracy can tell about the assessment of citizenship in general and about the restoration of Latvia in particular. Further, it was analysed how the Latvian legislation defines the citizenry and if preference to a certain ethnic group is given. The change over time of the relevant legal documents was subject to this study as well.

    It was evaluated, which impact the exclusive approach to citizenship (initially purely based on state-continuity) that in 1991 disfranchised 30% of the population, had for the rights of these people.

    The method of ideational analysis was used to scrutinise the law texts.

    In order to gain information on the effects for the population in question, the method of effect analysis was used. This was enriched with interviews conducted by the author on two occasions with governmental representatives, researchers and members of NGO´s in Riga 2008.

    The legal documents here, encompass the Latvian Constitution (1922), the Resolution on Restoration (1991), the Law on Citizenship (1994, 1995, 1998) and the Law of the Republic of Latvia on the status of former USSR citizens who have neither the Latvian nor another state’s citizenship (1995). The literature read for the purpose of this study spans generally from 1992 to 2006.

    The conclusion drawn here is that the strict application of the state-continuity thesis and the denying of state responsibility for the changes of population in 50 years time are inconsistent with liberal democracy. Rather this citizenship policy resembles features of an ethnic democracy.

    The changes in the Law on Citizenship of 1995, where ethnic Latvians and Livs were given the possibility to come to Latvia and receive citizenship automatically (even if they were not citizens of interwar Latvia), while children born to non-citizen (all of them non-ethnic Latvians) after 1991, were not automatically conferred citizenship, made the preferential treatment for one ethnic group obvious.

    Due to the fact that large parts of the minority population were disenfranchised, they were not able to contest important governmental decisions. As a result, laws directed against the interest of the minority population were introduction.

    As a whole, a marginalisation of the minority population took place.

  • 621.
    Wittrock, Jon
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Heidegger within the Boundaries of Mere Reason?: "Nihilism" as a Contemporary Critical Narrative2015In: After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways / [ed] Eliaeson, Sven; Harutyunyan, Lyudmila; Titarenko, Larissa, Leiden/Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 87-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 622.
    Wizelius, Akira
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Feministiskt initiativ - en idéanalys2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist initiative – an idea analysis.

    On the fourth of April in the year 2005 Feministic initiative (Fi) was created, it was an main response to the slow changes in the Swedish society, which claimed to establish an equal society. Equality has become one of the major indicators of a contemporary democratic society. The Swedish government has long proclaimed to reach this goal, but even though Sweden currently lies in the front among the democratic societies, while you consider equality issues, especially between the sexes, there is still a lot that need to be done in the Swedish society. Feministic initiative began as an organization and established a political party and participated in the election during the year 2006, but failed to reach a place in the parliament. Recently Feministic initiative said that they will participate in the upcoming election in the year 2010.

    It made me wonder which feministic ideals that Feministic initiative actually practices. Feminism is a broad ideology, and a reaction against the society that claims to be democratic but systematically oppresses women. This oppression created feminism; but there is different views of feminism, my main objective in this paper is to present a few different feministic directions. These are, radicalfeminism, marxistic feminism, liberalfeminism, socialistic feminism, post-modernfeminism and black (women’s) feminism. From these theories will I create a analyze frame and try to locate different kinds of feministic ideas within Feministic initiatives policy documents called F! for a feministic policy, election manifest and platform for Feministic initiative

    Thus, the main focus in this paper to do an idea analyze and focus on Feministic initiative, do they really use the different ideas expressed within the different types of feminism that I consider in this paper in a equal manner? The conclusion is that Feministic initiative is tendentious, Feministic initiative uses ideas, perspectives and expressions that are typical for radicalfeminism more than they use ideas, perspectives and expressions from other types of feminism.

  • 623.
    Wizelius, Akira
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Skoldemokrati: En kvalitativ intervjustudie som undersöker elevrådet och elevkåren som demokratiska forum för gymnasieelever i Stockholm.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective in this study is to examine the pupil’s possibility to affect the upper secondary schools in Stockholm, Sweden. I was once active in the pupil’s council and experienced some hardships, feeling a great dissatisfaction among teachers and principals against pupil’s suggestions and chances to affect their school environment. Thus I wanted to do a contemporary study of where schools in Stockholm stand today within this issue. This study is based on Robert A. Dahl’s theory about democracy, from which I have created my theoretical template, I interpreted Dahl’s theory and formed my own seven institutions from his original theory. With this construction I developed survey questions, which were designed to measure school democracy. I used a qualitative survey method, where I interviewed pupils who are active in the pupil’s council in five different schools today, one of the respondents is a civil servant for the Swedish pupils council centralorganization (Seco).

    Based on my interviews I have analyzed whether the contemporary upper secondary schools is or is not democratic. My conclusion, I see a wide variety of democratic institutions in Stockholm today, but when comparing the schools today with schools just six years ago, I can trace down huge differences. The pupil’s have learned to organize in a wider manner than six years ago, moreover the main problem doesn’t seem to be a lack of opportunities to influence the school today, the general attitude against the pupil’s council seem to have changed considerably amongst principals and teachers for the better. The main problem for the schools to actually be democratic in a wide manner seems to lie on the pupil’s, if pupil’s showed more interest the schools would be more democratic. Because schools today strive to be as democratic as possible and with organizations like Seco the pupil’s council will be democratic as well, the schools in the Swedish (Stockholm) contemporary society today is according to my study democratic.  

     

     

  • 624.
    Zarei, Semire
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Varför uppkom och upphörde Irakiska Kurdistan?: En teoriutvecklande kvalitativ fallstudie2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this political scientist paper is to describe and analyze the quasi state Iraqi Kurdistan 1992-2006 using the theory of Kolstö about how and why quasi states develops and the theory of Pegg regarding how the international society deal with quasi states. A qualitative case method is used. In the study the two theories are combined. Iraqi Kurdistan is used as a case to study to confirm Kolstö’s and Pegg’s theories. It’s an interesting case as it’s included in one of the most sensitive geo political areas in the world. The Kuwait war 1990 and the Second Gulf war 1991 were the incentive to Iraqi Kurdistan as a quasi state and the US invasion of Iraq 2003 was the incentive to the end of it. In conclusion the case verify the theories and the theories promote the understanding of Iraqi Kurdistan’s period as a quasi state. The goal of the quasi state Iraqi Kurdistan was to become a federal state in a federal Iraq and it succeeded.

  • 625.
    Zarycki, Tomasz
    Södertörn University College.
    Central European mosaic: Polish and Ukrainian political spaces compared2001Report (Other academic)
  • 626.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Activity breeds activity?: Cumulative citizenship and relations between volunteering and study circle participation in Sweden2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 627.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Civil Society and Biopolitics in Contemporary Russia: The Case of Russian ‘Daddy-Schools’2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will deal with civil society organizations active in the field of family policy and demographic issues in contemporary Russia, using Michel Foucault’s concepts of biopolitics and governmentality. More specifically, so called “daddy-schools” that have emerged in and around Saint Petersburg since 2008, are studied, using interviews and documents. A preliminary analysis shows that the organizations work as complements to the state but have also influenced policy, altered legislation and challenged established assumptions and the governmentality of the Russian state concerning parenthood, the “good” father and how to deal with the ongoing demographic crisis.

  • 628.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Civil Society and Biopolitics in Contemporary Russia: The Case of Russian "Daddy-Schools"2015In: Foucault Studies, ISSN 1832-5203, E-ISSN 1832-5203, no 20, p. 76-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with civil society organizations active in the field of family policy and demographic issues in contemporary Russia, using Michel Foucault’s concepts of biopolitics and governmentality. More specifically, so called “daddy-schools” that have emerged in and around Saint Petersburg since 2008, are studied, using interviews and documents. The analysis shows that the organizations work as a complement to the state but have also been able to influence policy, alter legislation and challenge the established assumptions and governmentality of the Russian state concerning parenthood, the “good” father and how to deal with the ongoing demographic crisis and increase fertility.

  • 629.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Civil Society Organizations in the EU: Being Ideological or Having an Impact?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society organizations are discussed as actors who can reduce democratic deficits in global/regional governance institutions, not least the EU which is the focus of this paper. However, organizations with different aims and ideologies often come together in large meta-organizations to address EU-institutions. This paper studies how the identity and ideological acerbity of CSOs is affected by membership in heterogeneous meta-organizations through a case study of CONCORD Europe, active in the development cooperation field at the EU level. Theoretically, neo-institutional theory and research on meta-organizations is used. Empirically, documents and interviews with representatives of CONCORD and CONCORD’s membership are analyzed.

  • 630.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Managing expectations, demands and myths: Swedish study associations caught between civil society, the state and the market2013In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 537-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several challenges, external and internal, to the identity and position of civil society organizations exist today. Organizations may be tempted or coerced into closer cooperation with the state. There are also incentives to become more market oriented. This article deals with such struggles in Swedish study associations and how these organizations attempt to gain legitimacy. The tradition of the organization is an important legitimating aspect and so is efficiency. These two aspects can complement each other but may also collide. The article demonstrates how civil society organizations handle an influx of market logics and trends of professionalization when these clash with a civil society identity. The findings indicate that different isomorphic processes are at work. Cultural resources are used to handle conflicting myths, leading to varied discursive strategies and incidences of decoupling.

  • 631.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Myths and Traditions as Constraints or Resources?: Path Dependency and Decoupling Strategies among Civil Society Organizations2015In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    History and traditions are important for many civil society organizations (CSOs). However, they have to mediate between their original mission and modern-day realities. This article argues that the concept of decoupling can enrich analyses of how organizations deal with path dependency. Hence, theoretically, the article discusses cross-fertilization between historical and organizational institutionalism. This is illustrated through a study of Swedish CSOs using survey data, interviews and documents. The Swedish popular movement tradition is argued to be a path that is not easily abandoned, and the results show how actors in CSOs find history to be both a resource and a constraint. Furthermore, different decoupling strategies, including both reversed and official decoupling, are used to balance between historical legacies and current challenges.

  • 632.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Promoting Active Fathers: The Birth and Development of a Civic Initiative in Contemporary Northwestern Russia2014In: ISTR Conference Working Paper Series, 2014, Vol. IXConference paper (Refereed)
  • 633.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    [Recension av:] Skedsmo, Pål Wilter. Russisk sivilsamfunn og norske hjelpere2011In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 182-184Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 634.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Svensk folkbildning i estnisk tappning?2011In: Årsbok om folkbildning: Forskning & utveckling 2010 / [ed] Stellan Boozon, Krister Hansson, Maj-Britt Imnander, Ants Viirman, Stockholm: Föreningen för folkbildningsforskning , 2011, p. 144-163Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 635.
    Åberg, Pelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Bron Jr, Michal
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Södertörn University Library.
    Milana, Marcella
    Århus University.
    Obučenie vzroslych demokratičeskoj graždanstvennosti - zadača graždanskogo obščestva?2013In: Graždanskoe obrazovanie i prosveščenie naselenija: rossijskij i zarubežnyj opyt / [ed] V. S. Tkačenko, Sankt-Peterburg: Politehnika-servis , 2013, p. 258-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 636.
    Åkerström, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Ett märkligt adjektiv på en medborgare: En intervjustudie av det praktiska medborgarskapet som identitet och ideal2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to explore the lived citizenship and its ideal. First, the form and expression of citizenship practice and ideal is explored through a qualitative interwiev study of ten citizens in the southern suburbs of Stockholm. The perception and expectations of the nature of citizenship, presented by the informants, is then compared to their citizen ideal, as well as to the ideal presented and promoted by the Swedish government. The point of departure is theory of democracy. The essay calls attention to an observed lack of empirical studies in the field of deliberative theory of democracy as well as studies that more broadly bring the theory down to empirical earth. The method used here strives towards combining and interacting the theoretical and academic debate with empirical data of citizen experience. The result shows that the informants’ perceptions of their citizenship is largely liberal, though with participatory features. The citizenship ideal is closer to, but not in tune with, the more active and participatory democracy promoted by the Swedish government. The deliberative ideas, which have had a big influence on recent democracy projects in Sweden and generally, are not found to be supported by the informants.

  • 637.
    Åkerström, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Ny Protest?: En fallstudie av rörelsen Planka.nu.2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the social movement Planka.nu with reference to the theory of new social movements in order to engage in a discussion about the presence of “old” tradition and “new” trends. As well as empirical, the purpose is also theoretical and methodological: to examine, and extend, the discussion about new and old social movements. A qualitative method is used. The analytical framework is based on a combination of theories of social movements and new social movements. Planka.nu was started in 2003 in Stockholm. The movement uses the Internet to organise free-riding on the public buses and trains with the aim of pressuring regional politicians into fully financing public transportation by progressive taxation. In all aspects discussed, both old and new characteristics were found. Behind a rhetoric that to a large extent resembles that of the traditional Swedish labour movement lies a redefinition of values, ideas and strategies that correspond with the theory of new social movements. By adopting a theoretical outlook on social movements that questions the existence of two divided blocs, a more nuanced discussion of the combination of old and new aspects could be held.

  • 638. Åström, Linda
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Demokratins vägvisare?: Demokratiattityder på elitnivå och massnivå i Estland, Lettland och Litauen2004In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 639.
    Åström, Petter
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Turkiet och EU: En studie i turkiska medborgares förhållningssätt till det europeiska integrationsprojektet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Euro barometer surveys show quite an astonishing change in Turkish opinion towards European Union. In 2004, 73 % of the population considered EU as a good thing. In 2008, only 49 % were of the same opinion. At the same time, skepticism towards European integration is explained differently in earlier research. Some scholars claim that partisanship may explain attitudes of citizens better than “cost and benefit” approaches. The first aim of this study is to distinguish whether young Turkish citizens show a similar level of skepticism to the EU compared to the rest of the population. The second aim is to show how earlier research-identified factors can explain the EU attitudes of younger Turkish citizens. To map this out, a questionnaire based on Euro barometer survey questions has been used. The Turkish “youths” have been selected based on three conditions: age, profession and gender. To identify these individuals, the author has used what is sometimes referred to as the “snowball” technique. This basically means that the first identified individuals further contact people who fit the sample criterion. The result indicates that level of education; partisanship and strong nationalism all have an impact on EU membership attitudes. The result also showed that people who visited worship and other religious meetings on a regular basis, had a tendency to be more skeptical to a Turkish EU membership.

  • 640.
    Östberg, Kjell
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Olof Palme i sin tid2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samtidshistoriska frågor nr 1 presenteras utgångspunkter och preliminär inriktning för projektet Olof Palme i sin tid. Projektet är ett samarbete mellan statsvetare och historiker i Stockholm, Göteborg och Örebro och har sin hemvist vid Samtidshistoriska institutet vid Södertörns högskola. Det har också utvecklats i nära samarbete med Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek, där merparten av Olof Palmes arkiv finns samlat.

  • 641.
    Östberg, Kjell
    Södertörn University College, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Olof Palme i sin tid: Några reflexioner kring att skriva en samtidshistorisk biografi2009In: Historisk Tidskrift för Finland, ISSN 0046-7596, E-ISSN 2343-2888, no 4, p. 473-488Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 642.
    Vi och våra grannar: attitydundersökning 2001 inom Kompetenslyft Öst2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under våren 2001 vände sig Länsstyrelsen i Stockholms län, genom utbildningsdirektör Tomas Stavbom, till Södertörns högskola för genomförande av en undersökning beträffande stockholmarnas attityder rörande länderna i Östersjöregionens sydöstra del, närmare bestämt de tre baltiska staterna Estland, Lettland och Litauen samt Polen och Ryssland. Undersökningen syftade till att ta fram underlag för att senare utvärdera effekter av en satsning på planerat kompetenslyft i Stockholmsregionen. Undersökningen, som utformades som en enkätundersökning till ett urval av personer i regionen, med en viss tyngdpunkt på ungdomsgrupperna samt en intervjuundersökning riktad till företag, planerades i samråd med uppdragsgivaren för att på bästa sätt ta fram underlag som motsvarar kompetenssatsningens mål.

    Den databas som skapats genom undersökningen ger underlag för en mångfald av analyser, vilka kan bli aktuella i senare steg i utvärderingen. I föreliggande rapport sammanfattas och diskuteras valda delar av resultaten. Undersökningen som letts av Elfar Loftsson vid avdelningen för statsvetenskap, Södertörns högskola, har genomförts av tre projektanslutna forskare, Anders Nordén, Mikael Blomdahl, samt Daniel Castillo.

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