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  • 51.
    Pesaresi, Andrea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Reality and Fiction: Scandinavian Tour Operators’ Image of Italy through Photographs2023In: Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, ISSN 1528-008X, E-ISSN 1528-0098, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fact that traditional information sources are neglected by tour operators and the statement arguing that digital information sources, contrarily to traditional paper ones, allow the projection of modern and innovative destination images, served as a starting point for this study. The aim of this research is to determine what destination images of Italy are projected by traditional and digital information sources from 15 Scandinavian tour operators. A qualitative method based on secondary data (1306 photographs) and a thematic analysis has been employed. Images from catalogs mainly illustrate Italy with hidden mass tourism, famous Italy, and culture, while images from social media accounts mainly represent Italy with mass tourism, unfamiliar Italy, and culture. Further, each Scandinavian country focuses on specific features of Italy. This research has implications for Scandinavian tour operators, DMOs (Destination Management Organizations) in Italian cities and for Scandinavian tourists to Italy, suggesting how displaying images more consistent with reality would better match the customers’ need for information through photographs and more accurately form and shape their pre-travel expectations.

  • 52.
    Rylander, David
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Abbasian, SaeidHögskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Gnosjöandan i ny riktning: Design, upplevelser, kulturarv2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Rylander, David
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Ebbesson, Ingalill
    Törn, Eva
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Gnosjöandan i ny riktning: Regional samverkan inom design, upplevelser, kulturarv2010In: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Bengt Johannisson & David Rylander, Jönköping: EIDI , 2010, p. 237-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet beskriver forsknings- och utvecklingsarbetets uppbyggnad och belyser samspelet mellan praktiker, utvecklare, forskare och finansiärer inom projektet ”Drivkrafter för nya näringar – design, upplevelser, kulturarv” i Gnosjöregionen. Förändringskrafterna i regionen arbetar genom flera kanaler för en attitydförändring som innebär att turism och annan upplevelseindustri ses som naturliga och välkomna inslag i näringslivet som länge har dominerats av tillverkningsindustri. Regional samverkan har lett till ett antal initiativ. Det goda värdskapet, Träffpunkt Drivkraft Turism, designworkshops, sommardesignkontor, utbildning och praktik i upplevelsenäringar är några av de kompetensutvecklingsinsatser som genomförts. Dessa insatser har inte begränsat sig till någon enstaka målgrupp utan omfattat en vidd av företagare, politiker, tjänstemän i stödstrukturer och föreningslivet, arbetslösa och allmänheten. Redan innan projektet avslutats har nya initiativ tillkommit likt ringar på vattnet. Historiskt har starka lokala identiteter och långa samarbetstraditioner med starka formella och informella nätverk inom såväl näringsliv och föreningsliv närt en entreprenörsanda - ”Gnosjöandan”. Denna innebär en triggande och understödjande mix av samarbete och konkurrens. Förmår Gnosjöandan att också omfatta för regionen nya näringar inom design, upplevelser och kulturarv? För detta krävs vilja och förmåga att tänka nytt och vara beredd att integrera kunskap från andra områden som till en början kan upplevas som främmande, i nya kombinationer i produktutvecklingsprocesser. Regional samverkan blir fruktbar när relationerna mellan praktiker, utvecklare, forskare och finansiärer bygger på förtroende, kunskapssökande och engagemang. Då finns grunden för att aktörerna tar ansvar både individuellt och gemensamt för kunskapsbildning och lärprocesser.

  • 54.
    Waller, Gary
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    An assessment of crisis management techniques in hotels in London and Stockholm as response to COVID-19's economic impact2022In: International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, ISSN 0959-6119, E-ISSN 1757-1049, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 2134-2153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding on if and how hotel senior managers (HSMs) in four-star chain hotels in London and Stockholm implemented crisis management techniques (CMTs) as a response to the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Design/methodology/approach Qualitative questionnaires were sent to 30 HSMs in London and Stockholm. From the feedback, this paper assesses, using thematic analysis, differences in CMTs used, past and present, alluding to COVID-19's economic impacts on hotels. Findings Results determined that crises broadly economically impacted destinations similarly through loss of travellers and thus revenue. However, with a more intricate and specific assessment, destinations are impacted differently; thus, CMTs must alter. Findings show many CMTs can be implemented to reduce crises' economic impacts. The literature review and empirical results allude to many previous and current CMTs, although these must be relevant and specific to the crisis, hotel and/or destination. Practical implications This paper has theoretical implications for academics on, among other things, theory building. Practically, it supports hotels in developing and determining CMTs to reduce the economic impacts of crises, to be better prepared when another pandemic emerges and contributes to the tourism and hospitality industry's knowledge of management strategy within crises. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first Swedish study focusing on post-COVID-19 crisis management in hotels in London and Stockholm.

  • 55.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Debt financing among native- and immigrant-owned firms: empirical evidence from Swedish small business at start up stage2014In: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 422-434Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides evidence on ethnic differences in bank debtfinancing among small Swedish firms at the start-up stage. The empiricalanalysis is carried out on a sample of small firms consisting of 2,814native- and immigrant-owned firms for year 2008. The method of binarylogistic regression analysis was mainly performed to analyse the data. Theempirical results suggest that immigrant-owned firms tend to use less bank debtthan their native counterparts. Moreover, the variables related to human capital,previous experience of starting a business, university education and anadditional job beside the business have a positive impact on the use of bankdebt. There is also a positive influence of personal start capital and the size offirm in terms of number of employees on access to debt capital. However, firmcharacteristics, legal form and industry affiliation affect the debt fundingnegatively, indicating that firms with less formalised legal status operating inless developed market segments and with less physical capital are less likely tohave access to debt capital.

  • 56.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ethnicity and aquisition of external capital at start-up stage: differences between small native Swedish- and immigrant-owned firms2012In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 442-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explain empirically the differences in external financing between native- and immigrant-owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2,814 native- and immigrant-owned small businesses, based on a unique and comprehensive database gathered through interviews, was analysed employing several univariate and multivariate methods. The results suggest that ethnicity is an important explanatory variable differentiating between acquisitions of external capital at start-up stage. Owner characteristics such as age, experience of starting businesses and education also have an impact on finance-seeking behaviour and thereby on the acquisition of external capital. The findings indicate that characteristics of the firm, such as personal start-up capital, firm size, legal form and industrial sector, do partly influence access to external capital. Since knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

  • 57.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Ethnicity and the pattern of capital acquisition at start-up stage: differences between small Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms2013In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 357-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explain empirically the differences in external financing between native– and immigrant–owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2,814 native– and immigrant–owned small businesses, based on a unique and comprehensive database gathered through interviews, was analysed employing several univariate and multivariate methods. The results suggest that ethnicity is an important explanatory variable differentiating between acquisitions of external capital at start–up stage. Owner characteristics such as age, experience of starting businesses and education also have an impact on finance–seeking behaviour and thereby on the acquisition of external capital. The findings indicate that characteristics of the firm, such as personal start–up capital, firm size, legal form and industrial sector, do partly influence access to external capital. Since knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start–up.

  • 58.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Gender and the use of external business advice: A Swedish study2015In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 105-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this study is to examine whether there are significant differences betweenfemale and male entrepreneurs’ use of consultation during business start-ups.Design/methodology/approach – Using several statistical tools, including ANOVA and seeminglyunrelated regressions, empirical analyses are conducted on a unique and firm-level panel database of837 female- and 1926 male-owned active small firms.Findings – The results indicate that gender may be an important variable in the use of advice amongsmall business owners in Sweden. Female owners in this study are shown to be more eager than maleowners to use external business advice, and do so to a higher extent.Practical implications – One implication of this study is that firms may not be able to use allbusiness advice types simultaneously during their start-up stage, so an ordered list of consultancyservices would help them prioritize and adjust their needs accordingly. Because the use of businessadvice is context-based, the findings of this study may not be generalized to firms in othercountries. This paper shows some gender-based attributes/features relating to the use of businessadvice, which need to be better integrated into policymaking for the future assistance of smallbusinesses.Originality/value – This article focuses on an important issue and is unique partly because fewstudies have examined the relationship between gender and external business advice. By explicitly andempirically examining this issue, this article makes a contribution to the small- and medium-sizedenterprises’ literature.

  • 59.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    The Determinants of Informal Capital in the Financing of Small Firms at Start-Up: An Ethnic Comparison of Small Firms in Sweden2013In: International Journal of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1916-9728, E-ISSN 1916-971X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explains empirically the differences in the use of informal financing between native- and immigrant-owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2814 native- and immigrant-owned small businesses, consisting of a unique database gathered, was analysed and several univariate and multivariate methods employed. The results suggest that ethnicity is a significant explanatory variable and an important factor in informal capital access in the start-up stage in terms of loans from family members and friends. Moreover, the other independent variables, namely gender, age, experience of starting businesses, the amount of start capital, and firm size, affect loans from family members, whereas loans from friends are influenced by age, size, and industry affiliation. Since knowledge about informal capital determinants is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of the variables that explain the financing behaviour of small businesses at start-up.

  • 60.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The external capital acquisition at start-up stage: Differences between small Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms2012In: Abstract database, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Brouder, Patrick
    School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Business Advice Strategies of Immigrant Entrepreneurs in Sweden2015In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 98-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether there are any significant differences between native Swedish and immigrant entrepreneurs in business advice sought at start-up.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study, based on a unique and large database consisting of 304 immigrant and 2,512 native-owned firms, applies several univariate and multivariate statistical methods including ANOVA and regression analysis.

    Findings – According to the results there are certain similarities and differences between Swedish native- and immigrant-owned firms concerning the type of external business advice they seek. The results suggest there are significant differences between native and immigrant-owned firms for four of 20 types of advice received. Native-owned firms, on average, tend to seek more advice on accounting and on the choice of business form as well as the help of a knowledgeable person. On the other hand, immigrants seek, on average, more advice on export questions than their native counterparts.

    Research limitations/implications – This research contributes to policy-making by helping authorities gain a better understanding of the impact of immigrant background on business network decisions at the nascent stage of development. Immigrant access to good advice in the nascent stage should increase new firm survival. This study does not, however, measure performance. As this research is based on aggregate level secondary data, more specific analysis has been impossible. This is an important limitation of this paper. In addition, immigrants are not homogenous groups and they differ in age, education, work experiences, etc. The results should therefore be interpreted carefully.

    Originality/value – This paper is one of the first and few empirical studies investigating the issue of immigrant business advice strategies in the Swedish context. The study provides a detailed overview of how ethnicity influences entrepreneurs’ use of external business advice in the firm formation stage for micro and small firms.

  • 62.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Hellgren, Carina
    Division of Education and Research Administration, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Competence development and performance among Swedish micro firms2014In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 162-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study examines the association between performance and competence development among Swedish micro firms, measured as number of hours per person a company allocates annually to competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A panel dataset consisting of around 395 firms will be analyzed using seemingly unrelated regression-model (SUR-model) for relationships between the hours allocated to competence development and various proxies for business performance, and the relationship between attending a business training program and various proxies for business performance. Findings: The empirical results are mixed showing a positive association between owners' attendance on a business training program and company performance merely with regard to four performance variables: better job satisfaction within a company, increased number of employees, organizational improvements and increased exports. However, the findings provide no evidence to suggest that there is a link between competence development and other performance variables. Practical implications: The present study provides a better understanding of the relationship between company performance and competence development. An investment in entrepreneur training and education could ensure the improvement of the performance of micro firms. This implication is especially relevant to firms in such industries as the service sectors, which are highly competitive. Originality/value: This study is based on a unique sample including many relevant variables, compared to previous researches. To the authors' best knowledge, this study is the one of the first empirical investigations focusing on this issue in the Swedish context.

12 51 - 62 of 62
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