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  • 51. Kleverman, Anders
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Senter for Business History.
    Svenska Försäkringsföreningen ur ett historiskt perspektiv2015In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 52.
    Kostera, Monika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Köping Olsson, Ann-Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Soila-Wadman, Marja
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att se klart, i förundran: Konst och organisering2020In: Om undran inför företagsekonomin / [ed] Johan Alvehus & Daniel Ericsson, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2020, p. 108-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    Finanskriser i Sverige2014 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finanskriser i sverige 

    Den 15 september 2008 tvingades Lehman Brothers ställa in sina betalningar, vilket startade den mest omfattande internationella finansiella krisen sedan depressionen på 1930-talet. Krisens orsaker, bankernas agerade och statens roll i det finansiella systemet har diskuterats livligt. Men finansiella kriser är inte unika för vår tid utan har varit en del av ekonomins utveckling under de senaste århundradena. 

    Denna bok fokuserar främst på de finansiella kriser som drabbat Sverige under de senaste 150 åren, det vill säga sedan landet började industrialiseras och den ekonomiska tillväxten ta fart. Finansiella kriser har ofta inträffat i samband med perioder med snabb tillväxt och ändrade förutsättningar för näringsliv och finansmarknad. I framställningen analyseras krisernas bakgrundsfaktorer, utveckling hur kriserna har lösts och framför allt vilken roll staten har spelat i denna process. Interaktionen mellan stat, marknad och aktörer har varit viktiga för framväxten men även för att lösa finansiella kriser. Boken ger en överblick över svenska finanskrisers drivkrafter, utveckling, räddningsaktioner och konsekvenser. 

  • 54.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Förtroende och lojalitet i försäkring2018In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    Kundägda svenska försäkringsbolag: Ett framgångsrecept?2016In: Historikere i oppdrag: Festskrift til Trond Bergh, Sverre Knutsen og Lars Thue i anledning 70-årsdagene i 2015 og 2016 / [ed] Harald Espeli og Finn Erhard Johannessen, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2016, 1, p. 117-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Omvandlingar: Försäkringsbolaget Skandia 1990-20162019 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skandia har stått i centrum för försäkringsbranschens utveckling sedan bolaget bildades 1855. Dessutom har bolaget omvandlat sig själv vid upprepade tillfällen – inte minst under 1900-talets slut. Den här boken handlar främst om de senaste 30 åren i Skandias historia. En tid då omvandlingarna varit större än tidigare. Skandia gick in i 1990-talet som ett starkt inhemskt bolag med omfattande verksamhet på den nordiska marknaden och en bred närvaro internationellt. Under de följande decennierna genomgick Skandia flera grundläggande förändringar som omvandlade bolagets produkter, ägande, kundkrets och ekonomiska situation. Det är denna historia som författarna Mats Larsson och Mikael Lönnborg berättar, med utgångspunkt i ett omfattande och unikt arkivmaterial på Centrum för Näringslivshistoria och ett stort antal intervjuer med de personer som spelat en betydande roll i omvandlingarna.

  • 57.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Omvandlingarnas bolag: Skandias utveckling 1990-20162019In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Center for Business HIstory.
    Organising Risk Management in Sweden: The Life Reinsurance Market2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the reinsurance industry is to provide insurance for primary insurers. Primary insurers have fairly standardised policies, whereas those of reinsurers are often less so, more internationally oriented and likely to cover very large risks. There is little doubt that primary insurance policies, as well as an insurance market based on fixed premiums, would be difficult to sustain over the long run without reinsurance. Reinsurance enables portfolio diversification by the primary insurer in order to avoid the kinds of devastating losses that could threaten its survival (Kopf 1929; Golding 1930; Doherty & Smetters 2005; James et al. 2014; Borsheid & Haueter 2012).

    This paper discusses the emergency of the Swedish life reinsurance market from the mid 19th century and describe the development until the 2010s. In the wake of the founding of the first joint stock corporations in the middle of the 1850s, insurers set rather limited risk maximums and signed reciprocal treaties with mainly foreign insurers to limit their risks. During the following six decades the life reinsurance was handled by individual corporations but in 1914 a commonly owned life reinsurance company was organised to deal with the issue for reinsurance for the entire market. This continued until the end of the 1980s when most of the individual insurers preferred to set up their own corporations for dealing with the issue of life reinsurance and Sweden Re was transformed into a completely different organisation. 

  • 59.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School,Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo, Norway.
    Regulation competition of Swedish Insurance Business: The Role of the Insurance Cartel Registry2016In: Regulating Competition: Cartel Registers in the Twentieth Century World / [ed] Susanna Fellman & Martin Shanahan, Abingdon & New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 248-267Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    ‘Same same but different’: Trust, Confidence and Governance Among Swedish Mutual Insurers2019In: Managing Hybrid Organizations: Governance, Professionalism and Regulation / [ed] Alexius, Susanna; Furusten, Staffan, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 49-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For more than a century, mutual insurers have dominated the Swedish insurance market. Independent of the historical roots and traditions, companies that sell life and other (non-life) forms of insurance have chosen the mutual organizational form. We focus on two different mutual insurers—Folksam and Länsförsäkringar—in decoding their historical roots, governance and management structure. Our focus is on the differences and similarities with special attention to customer’s participation in governance. The chapter shows that it is indeed possible to organize successful hybrid organizations with longevity and that the state’s role in the process is vital but not always a precondition for successful development of hybrid firms. In addition, the chapter also shows that it is difficult to include customers/owners in the governance of these firms and that there exist many different options for creating such systems.

  • 61.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    SCOR Sweden Re: 100 years of Swedish (Re)Insurance History2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    SCOR Sweden Re 100 år2014In: The SCOR Sweden Re Nordic Life Insurance Conference 2014, Stockholm: SCOR , 2014, p. 103-116Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    SCOR Sweden Re: A Century of Reinsurance2014In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre of Business history.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Skandias omvandling2020In: Företagshistoria, ISSN 2001-7936, no 2, p. 38-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 65.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Swedish Life Reinsurance and Risk Management2017In: Highlights on Reinsurance History / [ed] André Straus & Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 93-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The Insurance Cartel Registry, Regulations, Co-operation and Competition Among Swedish Insurers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 67.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business HIstory.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Center for Business History.
    The Survival and Success of Swedish Mutual Insurers2015In: Corporate Forms and Organisational Choice in International Insurance / [ed] Robin Pearson & Takau Yoneyama, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 93-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study demonstrates that the presence of diversified corporate forms within the insurance industry does not always lead to the dominance of what is, according to theory, the most efficient business form, the joint-stock corporation. Swedish mutual insurance companies have often been connected to various popular movements, and have thus obtained quasi-monopoly rights for writing certain kinds of insurance. This has been important as a means of obtaining economies of scale and creating efficient organisations, and has allowed them to compete with their joint-stock rivals. Mutuals have also remained important players in the insurance market by keeping policyholders’ interests in focus through creative product diversification and by expanding nationally to reach customers outside of their original base. Mutuality also protected them against hostile take-overs that weakened the stock corporations. Mutual insurers not only survived as independent companies but also were a success. 

  • 68.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The Swedish insurance distribution system, different ownership forms and cartels2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish insurance companies developed – in line with other Scandinavian countries – an unique kind of distribution system for selling insurance products. The origin of the Swedish insurance market was built on inspiration from in particular from United Kingdom and Germany when the first joint-stock company Skandia was founded in the 1850s. Swedish insurers copied among other things, insurance contracts, premium calculation schemes and organising agent networks. In line with these corporations, each insurance company established regionally based networks of agents with a general agent and a large number of subordinated agents. However, in the Scandinavian setting, the emergency of independent brokers was haltered by an interesting dilemma. Early on, agents used something called ‘returned commission’ where they offered potential customers to get a portion of the agents’s commission. This often led to that customers signed life insurance contracts with higher insurance sums and after some time the could not keep on paying the premium and had to cancel the contract. Due to the social element of life insurance, and the existence of so-called returned commission, cancelled contracts could jeopardize the legitimacy of the entire market. The only measure – according to the trade organizations – to control the agentswas to keep the system with that each insurers had their own employed agents. Thereby, the emergency of independent brokers did not developed on the Swedish insurance market.

    In this paper we will follow the distribution system for the insurance industry during the 19th and 20th centuries until today and describe how the system was relative stable until the 1980s through legislation but also supported by formal cartelization and gentlemen’s agreement on the market. In particular one cartel agreement, that was implemented in the 1910s that focused on the agent system that changed repeatedly until the 1980s – and fundament of the entire distribution system – will be discussed. The paper will focus on the major changes that occurred from the 1980s and onwards, in particular in connection of the accession to the European Union in the 1990s that entirely changed the distribution system on the market.

  • 69.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business HIstory.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Är svensk ömsesidig försäkring unik?2017In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 70.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska insititutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ömsesidig försäkring: Bolag, kunder och marknad2018 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan den moderna försäkringsbranschen började utvecklas vid mitten av 1800-talet har den ömsesidiga bolagsformen haft en stark position i Sverige. I dag dominerar ömsesidiga företag på såväl liv- som skadeförsäkringsmarknaden, och under de senaste decennierna har de dessutom stärkt sin position.I boken diskuteras skillnaderna mellan ömsesidiga och aktiebolagsgrundade bolag, liksom orsakerna till den ömsesidiga bolags formens framgångar i Sverige. Har det att göra med nationell tradition, lagstiftning eller konkurrenstryck?Boken är uppdelad i tematiska kapitel som behandlar olika aspekter av försäkring i allmänhet och ömsesidig försäkring i synnerhet. Bland dessa teman finns frågor om regelverk och marknad, men också kundernas medbestämmande och lojalitet.

  • 71.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ömsesidiga företag: En del av det demokratiska näringslivet2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Grunden för modern försäkring återfinns hos de ömsesidiga försäkringsbolagen, som redan under medeltiden – i form av brandstoden – hanterade byarnas brandrisker. Ömsesidig försäkring har sedan dess haft en mer eller mindre stark position på den svenska försäkringsmarknaden. I dag dominerar ömsesidiga försäkringsbolag på såväl liv- som skadeförsäkringsmarknaden i Sverige. Under de senaste decennierna har dessutom dessa bolag stärkt sin position. I denna skrift sätter vi den ömsesidiga försäkringen i Sverige i fokus. Framför allt diskuteras orsakerna till den ömsesidiga försäkringens framgångar, men också vad som skiljer dessa bolag från aktiebolagsgrundade bolag. Vår utgångspunkt är utvecklingen efter andra världskriget, och vi ställer oss frågorna: Varför har ömsesidig försäkring varit så framgångsrik i Sverige? Har det att göra med den nationella traditionen, lagstiftningen eller kundernas önskemål? Boken Ömsesidig försäkring. Bolag, kunder och marknad som skriften utgår från utgör en sammanfattning på ett forskningsprojekt om ömsesidig försäkring som finansierats gemensamt av de tre försäkringsbolagen Folksam, Länsförsäkringar och Skandia.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 72.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, MikaelSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.Winroth, KarinSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Entreprenörskap och varumärken2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationer och entreprenörer betraktas ofta som nödvändiga faktorer för att skapa nya företag och marknader. Varumärken har med tiden fått en allt större betydelse i näringslivet, eller kanske är det mer rättvist att säga att vi blivit mer medvetna om deras ekonomiska värde för producenter och sociala värde för konsumenter. Denna bok illustrerar att det finns många intressanta forskningsfrågor i skärningspunkten mellan entreprenöriella aktiviteter och uppbyggnaden och vidmakthållandet av välkända varumärken.

  • 73.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Winroth, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Entreprenörskap och varumärken: en introduktion2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 7-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Methodological Insights and Reflections from Studying Venture Teams and Venture Processes in the Contexts of Institutional Transformation2021In: Beyond Borders: Essays on Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg; Benson Otieno Ndiege; Besrat Tesfaye, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2021, 1, p. 109-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay reflects on methodological insights from studying venture teams and venture processes in the context of institutional transformation. The argument is that venture teams as a level and unit of analysis in the entrepreneurship field are still overlooked and there is a need for making the venture team more explicit, as well as evaluating earlier theoretical results and exploring new methods and their applicability. The chapter includes a methodological revaluation of four specific empirical studies. From an adaptation and selection perspective, the conclusions are that both processual and longitudinal methods were able to give potentially important contributions to studies of venture teams and venture processes in the context of institutional transformation. However, to go further, we need to work together at national and international levels and continue to explore the contextual perspective on team entrepreneurship where different research groups may contribute with contextualized data and studies and different methods. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Methodological Insights and Reflections from Studying Venture Teams and Venture Processes in the Contexts of Institutional Transformation
  • 75.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Varumärkets roll i innovationsprocessen i nya företag: Fallet Cariel Spirits AB2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Larsson, Mats, Lönnborg, Mikael, Winroth, Karin, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 257-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda
    et al.
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Spear, Roger
    Open University, UK.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises in the Nordics: Narratives Emerging from Social Movements and Welfare Dynamics2016In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives / [ed] Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear, New York and London: Routledge, 2016, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda
    et al.
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Gawell, MalinSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.Spear, RogerOpen University, UK.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant women stepping into ethnic catering; homeless men employed to take care of bees producing honey for sale; young people on the edge getting microcredit funding to start social businesses; or former criminals joining forces to create social and economic structures for an honest lifestyle. These initiatives capture the transformative power of social enterprise and might indicate how social enterprises have the potential to make a difference for people and societies. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case. Social enterprises and co-operatives played a significant part in paving the way for the Nordic solicaristic welfare state.

    As the welfare state grew, civil society organizations and co-operatives lost ground, to a certain extent. But in recent decades, the welfare state has been restructured and, simultaneously, the concepts social entrepreneurship and social enterprises have gained attention. The Nordic context, with extensive public welfare structures and a high degree of citizens’ participation in public affairs, might affect the emergence of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises.

  • 78.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation.
    An Innovator and an Entrepreneur: Carl Gustaf von Koch and the Introduction of Modern Risk Management in Sweden2016In: Proceedings of the International Sessions of the 52nd Japanese Business History Society of Japan (BHSJ), Chuo University, Japan, 8-9 October, 2016, 2016, p. 135-152Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Senter for Business History.
    Elden är lös!2014In: Företagshistoria, ISSN 2001-7936, no 3, p. 41-44Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 80.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo .
    Försäkringsvärlden i gungning2015In: Företagshistoria, ISSN 2001-7936, no 1, p. 47-51Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 81.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift 100 år: Från ett svenskt perspektiv2021In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 0348-6516, E-ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 82.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Svenska försäkringsbolags internationella verksamhet2018In: Ett liv som handledare: Mats Larsson 65 år / [ed] Peter Hedbergoch Mikael Lönnborg, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2018, no 23, p. 17-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Swedish Reinsurers in the Non-Life Sector2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The Rise and Fall of Swedish Non-life Reinsurance2021In: Role of Reinsurance in the World: Case Studies of Eight Countries / [ed] Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas ; André Straus, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, p. 89-114Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter discusses the emergence, development and fall of the Swedish reinsurance industry in the non-life sector. The focus is on major events that changed the circumstances and conditions for conducting reinsurance and how the business was organized. The reinsurance business became an important part of expanding on foreign markets during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Despite improved international circumstances during the 1990s and the beginning of the 2000s, the domestic market became increasingly important for almost every Swedish insurer. Shortage of venture capital, fierce competition and severe losses made the wisdom of retaining worldwide operations doubtful. In addition, the deregulated Swedish financial market made it more urgent than ever to consolidate positions in the domestic market, and the international reinsurance operations were entirely dismantled after one and half centuries.

  • 85.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Waves of Globalization: Swedish Insurers on Foreign Markets2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Waves of Internationalization: Swedish Insurers on Foreign Markets2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Moderna varumärken och historiska entreprenörer2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 49-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hedberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Karlsson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala Centre for Business History (UCBH).
    Swedish Insurance Institutions and Efficiency, 1920-19802020In: Risk and the Insurance Business in History / [ed] Jeronìa Pons & Robin Pearson, Madrid: Fundación Mapfre , 2020, 1, p. 157-177Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous research, the insurance market accounted for a key role in the welfare policies in post war, corporatist Sweden. It became the norm that 16 insurance should be distributed in a similar way to all public utilities. However, since the industry was considered to be too decentralised and too market oriented to meet the requirements of serving the public, new regulations were introduced. Shortly thereafter, the new legislation developed oligopolistic features, which are commonly associated with inefficiency problems. Was the regulation successful in light of its purpose? By quantifying the asset flows, we examine the impact of the regulation on the market structure, the market efficiency, and the market profitability of the Swedish insurance industry. 

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  • 89.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ndiege, Benson Otieno
    Tanzania Co-operative Development Commission, Tanzania.
    Tesfaye, Besrat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Beyond Borders: Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania2021In: Beyond Borders: Essays on Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg, Benson Otieno Ndiege; Besrat Tesfaye, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2021, p. 9-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Beyond Borders: Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania
  • 90.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ndiege, Benson OtienoTanzania Co-operative Development Commission, Tanzania.Tesfaye, BesratSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Beyond Borders: Essays on Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The two topics highlighted in this volume, entrepreneurship and co-operatives, and education within these fields, may be regarded as essentially disparate themes. However, looking more closely it is apparent that these have some interesting intersections. The main focus relates to innovation and entrepreneurship among co-operatives, the public sector, and the private sector

    This work is a product of the collaboration between Södertörn University in Stockholm, Sweden, and Moshi Co-operative University in Moshi, Tanzania. In both countries we aim to understand, how enterprises with different ownership forms and other kinds of state and private organizations contribute to economic growth or decline. The volume is an overview of research about entrepreneurship and co-operatives but also of education in these areas. The intention is to contribute to the promotion of research on these topics in both countries and enhance future collaboration between the two Universities.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Beyond Borders: Essays on Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania
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  • 91.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Law and Governance, Oslo, Norway.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    The rise and fall of the Baltic Sea Region?: The economic and political underpinnings of a northern European macroregion, 1990-20152017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that regionalism is defined “as an economic process whereby economic flows grow more rapidly among a given group of states [in the same region] than between these states and those located elsewhere”. In this paper we approach the economic underpinnings for the Baltic Sea Region by analysing the developments with regard to trade and investment in the quarter of a century that has passed since the fall of the communist regimes that divided the European continent At the same time we look into the political developments that brought the 2009 adoption of the European Union’s first macroregional strategy, the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The strategy was a symbolic second milestone with regard to the political endeavours to reintegrate the continent; the first being the 2004 enlargement. Having transformed the Baltic Sea from a ‘Mare Dividum’ to a European ‘Mare Nostrum’ was indeed also a sign of the success of such integrative political processes.

    However, it may also be argued that the perceived need for a specific strategy in order to further and deepen the integration and reduce the economic gaps within the European Union gives an indication that there was more to be wished for with regard to this region. Further, more recent political developments in Europe as such as well as the constituent countries of this macroregion has cast some doubts on the future. In this paper we ask ourselves whether developments with regard to investments and trade are in congruence with the notion of the building of one integrated region; does it make economic sense to talk about a Baltic Sea Region or is the eastwest divide still present? For example, to what extent have the developments with regard to foreign direct investments proved sustainable? What sectors are leading the way and which are lagging? What divisions remain to be tackled? These are some of the questions that this paper attempts to address based upon a thorough analysis of the existing sources with regard to foreign direct investment and trade flows. In addition, in a concluding section, we open up an analysis on whether recent political development risk nullifying the progress made on the economic arena – or whether Brexit and connected developments are actually reinforcing the European macroregional agenda?

  • 92.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rafferty, Michael
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Foreign Direct Investment and Post-Communist Banking: The Case of the Baltic States2019In: Unplanned: The Transformation of States and Financial Markets in 'Transition' Countries / [ed] Mikael Olsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Michael Rafferty, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2019, 1, p. 177-222Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fall of the Berlin Wall began a new, and unexpected, period of European political and economic history. For some, this event proved the historical victory of liberal democratic capitalism over socialism. But three decades on, we now know that democratic market economies do not emerge not spontaneously, and are indeed fragile in their own ways. History has not ended, but taken a new and interesting turn. This book provides a historically and conceptually grounded analysis of the transformation of fi nance and business in several countries in Central Europe and the Baltic states after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The essays in this book seek to foreground the continuities and ruptures that the experience of these ‘transition’ countries has revealed. It will be of interest to economic historians, sociologists, political science scholars, fi nancial economists, policy makers, and of course to those who have lived through the period.

  • 93.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Law and Governance, Centre for Business History, Oslo, Norway.
    Rafferty, Michael
    The Royal Melbourne Technical Institute (RMIT), Melbourne, Australia.
    The Rationality and Effects of Lender of Last Resort Policy in Scandinavia2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 94.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Oslo .
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Winners and Losers in Times of Financial Crises2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we take the current global financial crisis as a point of departure for a comparative and longitudinal study of such crises in Sweden during the last 100 years. A focus of our attention is how the state (or entities close to the state) chooses to manage the financial crises and thus how they distribute the direct and indirect costs connected to these crises, i.e. how the state in attempting to resolve crises effectively also helps pick the winners and losers of these recurring phenomena. However, this is only a pilot study of a new research project and here we will focus on how Scandinavian countries have dealt with financial crises, and particular how the state have acted in connections with financial crises.

  • 95.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Banks and Swedish financial crises in the 1920s and 1930s2013In: History and Financial Crisis: Lessons from the 20th century / [ed] Christopher Kobrak & Mira Wilkins, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 56-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Merouani, Youssouf
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Surviving on the island: linking firm survival and contextual factors in a peripheral region2023In: Contextual Embeddedness of Entrepreneurship / [ed] Mirela Xheneti; Sílvia Costa; Jarna Heinonen; Agnieszka Kurczewska, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. 12-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The lion’s share of entrepreneurship research highlights conditions in core regions, while entrepreneurship in peripheral areas has been less studied. This longitudinal study aims at exploring the interplay between the peripheral contexts of island and archipelago communities and firm outcomes - paying special attention to spatial variations and non-linear temporal dimensions. We focus on the survival of all firms active on 17 islands in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden during a 20-year period (2000-2019). Using longitudinal multilevel modelling, we find that - despite being a seemingly ‘homogeneous’ place - spatial and temporal variations, however small, would have substantial effects on the conditions for everyday entrepreneurship in these communities. Our results show that firms located on islands with higher population density and seasonal dependability face increased probabilities of exit, while access to digital ecosystems, local services in the form of kindergartens, and year-round grocery stores decrease the probabilities of exit. Islands with thicker institutional context, indicating trust and community support, lead to higher survival rates.

  • 97.
    Merouani, Youssouf
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Sverige.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    What does it take to survive on an island?: The relationship between firm survival and contextual factors in a peripheral region2021In: On conference web site, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A lion's share of entrepreneurship research highlights conditions on core-regions, while entrepreneurship in peripheral areas has been less studied. This study aims at exploring the interplay between the context of island and archipelago communities and firm outcomes – paying special attention to spatial variations and non-linear temporal dimensions. Our focus lies in firms founded in 17 islands of Stockholm Archipelago, from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2019. Using longitudinal multilevel modelling, we find that — despite a seemingly ’homogeneous’ place — spatial and temporal variations, however small, would have substantial effects on the conditions for entrepreneurship in these communities. Our results show that firms located in islands with higher population density and seasonal dependability face increased probabilities of exit while those in islands with access to digital ecosystems, local services in the form of kindergartens and year-round grocery stores have decreased probabilities of exit. Islands with thicker institutional context, indicating trust and community support, are related to increasing survival rates. Distance to market was found to be insignificant in terms of survival.

  • 98.
    Olsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in the Baltic Sea Region, 1990-2015: Lessons from attempts at regional integration in post-communist Europe2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Olsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Trade and Investment in the Baltic Sea Region, 1990-2015: Lessons and Implications for Region-Building2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Olsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Rafferty, Michael
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    External finance and ‘transition’: A review of market developments in Central Europe and the Baltics in the run-up to EU membership2019In: Unplanned: The Transformation of States and Financial Markets in 'Transtition' Countries / [ed] Mikael Olsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Michael Rafferty, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2019, 1, p. 59-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fall of the Berlin Wall began a new, and unexpected, period of European political and economic history. For some, this event proved the historical victory of liberal democratic capitalism over socialism. But three decades on, we now know that democratic market economies do not emerge not spontaneously, and are indeed fragile in their own ways. History has not ended, but taken a new and interesting turn. This book provides a historically and conceptually grounded analysis of the transformation of fi nance and business in several countries in Central Europe and the Baltic states after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The essays in this book seek to foreground the continuities and ruptures that the experience of these ‘transition’ countries has revealed. It will be of interest to economic historians, sociologists, political science scholars, fi nancial economists, policy makers, and of course to those who have lived through the period.

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