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  • 51.
    Ekström, Andrea
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Foreign language communication anxiety in correlation to the sociolinguistic variables gender, age, performance and multilingual competence: A linguistic pilot study of Swedish students’ attitudes2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This data-driven linguistic study investigates if levels of different types of foreign language communication anxiety, such as for speaking, listening, writing and/or reading that Swedish students in compulsory school (grades 7-9) and upper secondary school experience when communicating in English in their foreign language classes have any correlation to sociolinguistic variables such as gender, age, performance and/or multilingual competence. The compiled and analyzed self-report data have successfully provided a base for implied correlations between the different sociolinguistic variables and language anxiety. The most prominent indications of correlation to anxiety are the variables gender, performance (course grades) and linguistic competence. The age variable also showed indications of correlation but was less pronounced than the others. It was also found that students generally feel more and/or higher anxiety when speaking the target language than the other types of communication. The didactic implications that this study contributes to is that “communicating” as an activity conducted in the foreign language classroom needs to be further defined and broken down into specific types of skills (speaking, writing, listening, reading) and also be approached accordingly. This also implies that further research is needed to thoroughly examine the correlational effects different sociolinguistic variables have on the foreign language learning. 

  • 52.
    Engman, Oskar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric.
    Att övertyga med hot i filmklipp: En semiotisk och retorisk undersökning av Sverigedemokraternas filmklipp: Jimmie Åkesson – Snart är det val2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Political parties use different strategies to convince voters to vote for them, and with the technological evolution of our time short movie clips are used, now more than ever before, to accomplish these kinds of tasks. However, a political movie clip that separates itself from other political movie clips is Jimmie Åkesson – Snart är det val. This clip is not trying to persuade the voter to vote for the Sweden democrats because of their political plans, instead it tries to convince the voter of a threat that can destroy Sweden in the nearby future if the voter doesn’t vote for the Sweden democrats in the coming election.

    This essay seeks to investigate how Jimmie Åkesson – Snart är det val constructs this threat, how the threat becomes realistic and in what ways the threat is used in the movie clip to convince the Swedish voter to vote for the Sweden democrats. To investigate this the essay uses a semiotic analysis to dissemble the movie clip in order to understand how the threat is constructed. Furthermore, rhetorical perspectives such as identification, visualizing rhetoric, ethos, pathos, logos and figures of style are used to discuss how the threat becomes realistic and how it is used to win votes.

    The conclusion of the essay is that the movie clip constructs two different threats in two different realities by using semiotic resources such as fast shifting scenes, documenting images, music, sounds, environments, characters and a narrating voice in a projecting narrative. More specifically these resources create a true dark reality and a happy delusional reality. In these two realities, the two different threats are found. The first threat is the immigrants that are illustrated as an enemy that destroys Sweden and thus creates the true dark reality where the voters and the Sweden democrats also are illustrated. The other threat is other political parties in Sweden and the Swedish media because they are illustrated in the happy delusional reality and therefore can’t help the voter that is portrayed in the true dark reality. In that sense, the two threats are used to convince the voter to vote for the Sweden democrats because they are the only political party that is located in the true dark reality and therefore are the only ones that understand and can solve the problem that causes the true dark reality. Furthermore, these threats become more realistic by enforcing an emotion of fear for the true dark reality with semiotic resources and also by concretizing this reality with documenting images, characters and sounds. These threats also become more realistic because the semiotic resources create imagistic arguments that allows the mind to take shortcuts when conclusions are made.

  • 53.
    Ergin, Yasemin
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Bemötandet av tvåspråkiga barn efter inskolningen.:  Tre pedagogers arbetssätt & metoder. – En kvalitativ studie med tvåspråkiga barn inom mångkulturellt område2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thanks to preschool Bamse and the entire literature I have related to in my degree work I have both got an explanation for my question at issue, and a clearer insight for my main question "The treating of bilingual children after acclimatization". I have within the investigation chosen to study on the basis of the educationalists perspective on bilingual way of working. My question at issue on this investigation has been to see how a regular day of language development looks and how the group of children developed the Swedish language.

    The purpose with my degree work was to be able to get an insight in the educationalists way of working and methods and also to see how the educationalists treats bilingually individuals after the acclimatization. I have when it concerns choice of method and material collections assumed from a qualitative investigation and gathered the material with help from participation notices and interviews.

    Down here I will sum up the investigation in poles and describe the aspect the informants have pointed out under the interviews.

    Bilingually children’s develop the Swedish language with the educationalists by:

    • Converse and communicate with the child
    • Name word and objects
    • Using the body language at conversations
    • Building security in the group of children
    • Integrate the playing to a language development in the regular day
    • Confirm the child’s meaning at different connections
    • Create a god relation with the individual
    • Take part of the mother tongue in the program to name single words
    • Giving the individual the opportunity to express their thoughts freely
    • Place the child at the center of attention among the group of children
    • Take part of the parents experience with the mother tongue
    • Giving space to create own imagination with the playing for the individual
    • Have the language as an approach

    Even the theories mediate that the educationalists shall promote the work with bilingual children so that they control the purpose and see the meaning of activity. The play shall be reason for all activity to increase the will for the group of children. Litterateur also brings out that the preschool program shall establish that the individual gets the opportunity to develop its mother tongue to increase the understanding of the Swedish language. Finally I want to point out that on the basis of the interviews and observations on the preschool program, the educationalists consider that the mother tongue is like a foundation for bilingually children so that they will develop the Swedish language.

  • 54.
    Essving, Linn
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Tense and aspect errors in junior high school students’ writing: A study of risk taking2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English is taught in Swedish schools as a foreign language. The students are at different levels, and most of them try to achieve a higher proficiency level. While the extent to which students are successful at learning a language depends on many different factors. Previous studies have shown that students who are open to taking risks in their production are at an advantage.

    The present study investigated 80 texts written by students in the seventh and the ninth grade. The main aim was to investigate to what extent errors and complexity levels can be explained in relation to risk taking. In more detail, the study examined differences between the grades in terms of degree of syntactic complexity and what kinds of aspect and tense errors were made. To be able to investigate the errors an approach called Error Analysis was used.

    The results showed that for both grades, substitution errors were the most common error and there was a significant difference between the grades (p<0.001); however, the other errors showed no significant differences. Regarding the complexity levels, there was a highly significant difference (significance level p<0.001) for the least complex sentences, but there were no significant differences between the grades for the highest and second highest levels of complexity.

    The results furthermore suggest that there is a correlation between risk taking and a higher likelihood of making errors, as a large proportion of the erroneous sentences written by students from the ninth grade were found in syntactically complex sentences. Most of the errors made by students in the seventh grade were found in less syntactically complex sentences however.

     

  • 55.
    Farhan, Christine
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Comparative literature.
    Wendeerinnerungen2011In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, no 2, p. 54-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Fellnert, Markus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Du och Jag är Volvos riddare i kampen om svenskheten: En multimodal språkanalys av Volvos reklamfilm Vintersaga2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om hur Volvo konstruerar svenskhet och sin egen identitet i deras reklamfilm Made by Sweden – Vintersaga. Med tanke på hur olika uppfattningar kring vad som är svenskt florerar fritt i både Sverige och världen så är det intressant att undersöka hur en svensk symbol och ett multinationellt företag som Volvo väljer att reproducera denna. Detta är en språkinriktad undersökning som använder sig av en multimodal analys för att synliggöra vem som gör vad i reklamfilmen och hur den inkluderar och engagerar tittaren. Den multimodala analysen bygger på Michael Hallidays systemisk-funktionella grammatiska analysmodell och förklaras sakligt hur den används för att tjäna syftet. I resultatet dyker stora deltagargrupper upp som är människor, element och Volvo själva. Dessa engagerar och inkluderar tittaren på olika sätt vilket skapar en kontakt och ett meddelande mellan Volvo som är sändare och tittaren som är mottagare. Symboliskt sett så gestaltas en kamp mot det stora vemodet som består av svåra svenska förhållanden i form av kyla, blåst och väta. Tittaren och de mänskliga deltagarna i reklamfilmen blir svenska och uppmanas implicit att använda en Volvo i sin kamp för att fortsätta vara svenska. För det är bara de med rätt vilja och rätt val av utrustning som blir svenska och kan tåla kampen. Fälttåget leds av världsliga representanter som Timbuktu och Börje Salming, starka individer som samarbetar i grupp med Volvo som sin kuse. Kampen finns i språket som Volvo har valt i bild och sång. 

  • 57.
    Forsberg, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Spelar de någon roll?: En kvalitativ studie om ansiktsarbete inom debattformatet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on facework used by the invited guests in a broadcasted debate. The purpose of this analysis is to investigate how the invited guests use facework and how the guest relate to their functional role within the debate. The aim is also to investigate how the phases of the debate regulate the facework used by the guests. The analysis is based on transcrition and videomaterial from one of Sweden’s most viewed debates, Opinion Live. Conversation analysis (CA) is part of the theoretical framework used to analyse support, interruption and conversation turns. To analyze facework this paper relies on Goffman’s theory of face and Muntigl & Turnbull’s four types of disagreement acts in facework and arguing. Brown & Levinson’s politeness theory has also been used to investigate facework and strategies. In addition, Svensson’s definition of the debate’s specific roles within the format has also been used. The results show that facework has two purposes. The first is that it is used to defend the guest’s own face. The other purpose is to attack other guest’s faces which implies that their functional roles in the debate are being challenged. The results also points towards that the structure of the conversation in the debate itself influence the types of facework used by the guests.

  • 58.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Språkvetenskaplig kompetens i praktiken2017In: Varför språkvetenskap?: Kunskapsintressen, studieobjekt och drivkrafter / [ed] Håkansson, David & Karlsson, Anna-Malin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 255-268Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Gran, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Har du sett husena därborta?: En morfologisk dialektundersökning i nutida Eskilstuna2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eskilstunamålet har tidigare uppmärksammats, främst i de två studierna av Nordberg (1985) och Sundgren (2002). Dessa studier har tjänat som inspiration för denna undersökning. Syftet med denna uppsats är dels att undersöka vilka dialektala variabler som är synliga i nutid och om dessa skiljer sig i olika åldersgrupper och mellan de biologiska könen. Syftet är dels också att ta reda på om det skett någon förändring sedan tidigare studier. Utöver detta undersöks även attityden till dialekten hos Eskilstunaborna. Metoden som ligger till grund för att undersöka det upplevda dialektbruket hos informanterna är enkätundersökningar. Resultatet av informanternas upplevda bruk visar att Eskilstunamålet fortfarande lever kvar och det pekar på både ökningar och minskningar i användandet av variablerna sedan 1960- och 1990-talet. Informanternas attityder till de olika variablerna skiljer sig också åt mellan de olika informantgrupperna. Det generella resultatet följer även trenden från annan tidigare forskning om att kvinnor tenderar att tala mer standard än män.

  • 60.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Finnish Romani and its dialectology2017In: Das amen godi pala Lev Čerenkov. Romani historija, čhib taj kultura / [ed] Kirill Kozhanov, Mikhail Oslon & Dieter W. Halwachs., Graz: Grazer Linguistische Monographien / GLMGRAZER ROMANI PUBLIKATIONEN , 2017, p. 221-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland,.
    Review of: Krinková, Zuzana 2015. From Romani to Iberian Para-Romani Varieties. Prague: Karolinum2016In: Romani Studies, ISSN 1528-0748, E-ISSN 1757-2274, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 101-104Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Review of: Tyysteri, L. & Lehtosalo, K. (eds.) (2013) Hyvä sanakirja. Tieteellisiä, käytännöllisiä ja eettisiä näkökulmia leksikografiaan. Turku: University of Turku. Pp. 212.2015In: SKY Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 1456-8438, E-ISSN 1796-279X, Vol. 28, p. 403-407Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 63. Hansson, Roger
    et al.
    Lindgren, Carl Göran
    Ljung, Heléne
    Lundén, Thomas
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Språk och skrift i Europa: Liten bok om Europas stater och språk2006 (ed. 2 rev.)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 64.
    Helsing, Emma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Läsning i PISA, nationella prov och Lgr11:s kursplan i svenska: Läsprocesskategorier i PISA-undersökningen 2009, nationella provet 2012/2013 samt kursplanen för årskurs 7-9.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essays aim is to examine the different reading process categories tested in PISA's survey as well as the national test in Swedish and how it is tested. Furthermore, the aim is to compare it with the skills and knowledge regarding reading required in the syllabus and the reading process categories that are included in the knowledge requirements. Three questions have been asked: Which reading process categories are tested in PISA's reading comprehension and how are they tested? Which reading process categories are tested in the national exam in reading comprehension for grade 9 and how are they tested? What knowledge and skills regarding reading is required in the syllabus and which reading process categories are visible in the knowledge requirements for Swedish subjects in Lgr11 for years 7-9? To answer these questions, a qualitative and quantitative content analysis has been made and the theoretical point for the essay is PISA's reading framework on reading process categories.

    The result shows that all three reading process categories are present in both the PISA survey, the national exam and the curriculum from 2011 for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation center’s knowledge requirements for the subject Swedish. The analysis also reveals that there are some similarities and differences between the PISA survey of 2009 and the national exam from 2012/2013. Such a similarity is that "integrate and interpret" is the reading process category that gets the largest space in both the PISA survey and the national test. Regarding the syllabus "reflect and evaluate" is the most appearing reading process category.

  • 65.
    Henning Bruce, Hedvig
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Varning! Liberal, närodlad politik: En sociosemiotisk studie av valaffischer från Centerpartiet och Liberalerna under valrörelsen 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker valaffischer från Centerpartiet och Liberalerna 2018. Utgångspunkt i studien är den politiska kommunikationen som visar att politiska samarbeten mellan partier kan försvåra möjligheterna för partierna att profilera sig som enskilda partier. Således är syftet med undersökningen att undersöka hur Centerpartiet och Liberalerna profilerar sig genom kommunikationen i valaffischer, detta med hänsyn till det borgerliga samarbetet "Alliansen” som pågick fram till år 2018. Ytterligare ett syfte är att ta reda på hur partierna kommunicerar ideologi i valaffischerna, detta med hänsyn till att båda partier är liberala. Detta har undersökts med utgångspunkt i sociosemiotiken och hur semiotiska resurser kan skapa betydelsepotentialer. Konkret har de semiotiska resurserna undersökts utifrån vilken design som dokumenten har, vilka färger som använts och hur affischerna kommunicerat miljö genom verbalspråk och fotografi. Resultatet visar att partiernas affischer liknar varandra i vissa val av semiotiska resurser. Partierna använder en liknande uppställning av olika textelement, framhäver partiledaren i vissa affischer medan i andra affischer framhävs verbalspråk som centrala. Ytterligare en likhet är användning av en slogan kopplad till partiernas respektive logotyp. Genom att på andra plan variera valet av semiotiska resurser skapar partierna dock skiljande betydelsepotentialer, vilket påverkar profileringen. Centerpartiet profilerar sig som ett optimistiskt parti med framtiden i sikte, medan Liberalerna profilerar sig som ett motståndskraftigt parti med ett tydligt fokus på liberalism. Båda partier kommunicerar ideologisk ståndpunkt genom slogans. Liberalerna kommunicerar ett fokus på liberalismen, detta medan Centerpartiet kommunicerar fokus på bakgrunden som agrart parti.

  • 66.
    Hållsten, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Nikolaidou, ZoeSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Explorations in Ethnography, Language and Communication: Capturing Linguistic and Cultural Diversities2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term linguistic ethnography was introduced at the beginning of the millennium to describe a large number of studies that made use of ethnographic methods of data collection and analysis to talk about context when studying language use, practices and ideologies.

    The six chapters in this edited collection were among the forty papers presented in the Sixth Conference on Explorations in Ethnography, Language and Communication, at Södertörn University in 2016 and they all have a focus on methodology. A preface is included written by Karin Tusting, convenor of the Linguistic Ethnography Forum at Lancaster University.

    This volume is the seventh edition, and first to include contributions written in English, in the Södertörn Discourse Studies series (Text- och samtalsstudier) from Södertörn University.

  • 67.
    Jansson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Karlsson, Anna-Malin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Skrift- och samtalspraktiker i äldreomsorgen: Rapport från projektet Omsorg som språkarbete. Hinder och möjligheter med svenska som andraspråk i den nya arbetsordningen2014Report (Other academic)
  • 68. Jansson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Work identity in ethnographic research: Developing field roles in a demanding workplace setting2013In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 12, p. 152-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we problematize our field roles as two linguistic ethnographers who aim to study the communication and documentation practices drawn upon by care workers in elderly care facilities in Sweden. Our field roles are discussed in relation to the complex nature of care workers’ knowledge and competence, which results from three different aspects of their work-identities: institutional, professional, and individual. As researchers, we found ourselves in constant dialogue with the research participants, and our field roles were continuously shaped and reshaped according to the individuals and the situations in which we became involved. Even aspects of our own identities taken into the field, such as our background and personal qualities, proved to be important in establishing good relations with the care staff. Coming closer to the participants’ professional identity proved to be of utmost importance for interpreting their choices and decisions in the workplace. Identity negotiation is presented here as a constructive way of discussing ethnographic field roles in the research field.

  • 69.
    Kahlin, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Landqvist, MatsSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.Tykesson, IngelaSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Språk och identitet: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Södertörns högskola 8–9 maj 20142015Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Språk och identitet var temat för ASLA:s symposium som hölls på Södertörns högskola under två dagar i maj 2014. Under symposiet kunde vi ta del av ett fyrtiotal bidrag av föreläsare som rapporterade från forskning inom ett stort antal områden. I flertalet bidrag låg fokus på språkets roll för identitetsskapande processer i arbetsliv, utbildning eller medier. Sammantaget visade bidragen att det språkvetenskapliga fältet erbjuder en rad olika metoder för att analysera språkets roll i konstruktionen och förhandlingen av identitet.

    I flera bidrag kopplas identitet till flerspråkighet och lärande, medan andra rör identitet och flerspråkighet i arbetslivet, till exempel de nya krav på litteracitet som förändrade organisationsformer för med sig.

    Tretton av symposiebidragen presenteras i den här volymen. De flesta undersökningarna är gjorda på svenskt språkområde, men till symposiet kom glädjande nog även föredragshållare från en rad andra länder.

  • 70.
    Kahlin, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Tykesson, Ingela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Romanitan, Mihaela Oana
    Karolinska Institutet; Södersjukhuset.
    Methods for studying migrant doctors’ transition to a new language2018In: Explorations in Ethnography, Language and Communication : Capturing Linguistic and Cultural Diversities / [ed] Hållsten, Stina & Nikolaidou, Zoe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2018, p. 101-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a three-year long research project, with a focus on medical doctors’ second language acquisition, the aim of the article is to problematise methodological issues in the process of collecting data. The model for data collection is a combination of participant observation and staged activities that provide opportunities for doctors to speak Swedish in a professional role and reflect on their language learning process. Data has been collected during visits to a medical Swedish language course in Poland and consists of role plays, interviews and focus group discussions. A second part of the data collection consists of recordings of some of the doctor’s real occurring interaction at work in the Swedish context.

  • 71.
    Karlsson, Anna-Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language.
    Online Outdoor: Technological, Discursive and Textual Transformations of the Activity of Skating2011In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 103-138Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Kleberg, Lars
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Stanislavskijöversättning: [del 1]2008In: Med andra ord, ISSN 1104-4462, no 56, p. 8-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Kleberg, Lars
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Stanislavskijöversättning: [del 2]2008In: Med andra ord, ISSN 1104-4462, no 57, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Koulikova, Victoria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Lind, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Alternativa kommunikationshjälpmedel i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our examination paper is to examine, describe and analyze preschool teacher ́s knowledge about manual signing in a preschool setting. Furthermore, we want to examine if preschools teacher ́s use manual signing in Swedish preschool ́s in a pedagogically purpose. The questions that we want to answer with our work is if preschool teachers are aware about the sign language used in Swedish schools and if they use manual signs for pedagogically purposes or not. Our data was gathered from four different preschools in the Stockholm region, where both interviews and observations were conducted to study the aim of our paper. Seven different preschool teachers participated in the interviews and we observed the environment in the different preschools. Our theoretic basis for our paper is Säljö ́s perspective on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory. The part of the theory that are most relevant for our work and that we use in our analysis are communicative interaction, artefacts and mediation. We also base our work on earlier research done by Skans about the preschools didactic practices and by DiCarlo et al. about effect on manual signing on communicative verbalizations in inclusive classrooms. With the help of our analysis we can make different conclusions about preschool teachers work with manual signing. One such conclusion is that there is an awareness among preschool teachers about the manual signing. All of the teachers that participated in our interviews work in one way or another with manual signing in a pedagogically purpose. Beside the manual signing the preschool teachers also use different alternative communicative methods. There is a positive attitude among the preschool teachers to use alternative communicative methods with children in a pedagogical purpose. 

  • 75.
    Kralli, Niki
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Nyköping, en berättande kommun med aktiva invånare: en fallstudie om de roller, relationer och attityder som förekommer i kampanjen Bo i Nyköping2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's essay is about the stories and images that appear in the campaign Bo i Nyköping on the website boinykoping.nu during the campaign period 2011-2012. The aim is to examine how the municipality and citizens that appear in the campaign are described in the campaign texts and associated images. The methods applied in the linguistic analysis are an ideational and an interpersonal analysis, an attitude analysis within the method appraisal and a visual analysis of the ideational and interpersonal grammar of images. The results show that the citizens are described as active and the municipality as informative and knowing. The relationship between them is presented as dialogical. The aim is also to investigate the identities that the campaign offers the reader. This is based on the results of the linguistic analysis and the concept of the model reader. The campaign stories and the images provide a safe environment to grow up in and an economic security to the reader. The dialogic relationship that appears in the campaign between the municipality and the citizens show a presumptive good relationship between them.

  • 76.
    Källgren, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Simon and the Guys: A Linguistic Study of the representation of Gender in Wings 6 and 92012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a linguistic study of the EFL textbooks Wings 6 and Wings 9 which are used in Swedish schools today. It is a partially quantitative and partially qualitative study which sets out to look at the representation of gender in the narrative sections of the two textbooks. The texts are looked at with consideration of four different linguistic aspects, namely female/male visibility, activeness, relational/occupational terms and verbs. A historic and linguistic background is provided through the presentation of previous work within the fields of gender and language, gender and EFL material and discourse analysis. The findings show that since the 1970's, little progress has been made concerning the representation of female and male characters in EFL textbooks. This study also exemplifies the fact that different methods although within the same field of research and applied to same material can produce different and sometimes even contradictory results.

  • 77.
    Landqvist, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Professional roles in a medical telephone helpline2014In: Discourses of Helping Professions / [ed] Graf, Eva-Maria, Marlene Sator and Thomas Spranz-Fogasy, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, p. 179-203Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 78.
    Landqvist, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Semiotic spaces in antidiscriminatory political discourse: Naming practices as indexes2019In: Language in society (London. Print), ISSN 0047-4045, E-ISSN 1469-8013Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the semiotic spaces occupied by organizations working against discrimination in Sweden. Expressions of identity, norm critique, and political goals are studied in relation to word production and language policy and planning. The study departs from interviews with representatives from three organizations within the hbtqi, antiracist, and disability movements. Other resources connected to them have also been analyzed, such as glossaries. Theoretically, this study draws on Yuri Lotman's concept of semiospheres, allowing the analysis to weigh in the whole semiotic process, including meaning production, policy work, and concrete word production. This approach completes an analysis of indexical orders. The results show that (a) organizations are aware of the importance of linguistic choices, (b) when new concepts and words are spread to the public, tension can arise and sometimes objections, and (c) word meanings change when used in public discourse. (Language policy and planning, semiosphere, indexical order, hbtqi, antiracism, disability, discrimination). 

  • 79.
    Landqvist, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Språkpolitiska inslag i kampen mot diskriminering2018In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. 28, p. 176-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes an interest in words and expressions evolving as part of the fight against discrimination, derogatory attitudes and oppression. A point of departure is that linguistic changes relating to increased diversity sometimes become the object of public criticism, which in turn may produce challenges to writers and journalists, as well as to language-planning activities. The aim is to investigate new naming practices within a framework of political justice agendas of people facing discrimination, and to relate this type of language development to the work of languageplanning institutions. This study is mainly based on interviews with representatives of three Swedish organizations whose members are engaged in activism or education: the disability movement, the LGBTQ movement, and an antiracist organization. It is also based on text examples from Mediearkivet and Korp (Språkbanken) relating public discourse. Analytical results indicate that different ideological standpoints (such as tolerance policies or norm critique) generate different types of naming practices and word meanings that often exist in parallel. Suggested language-planning activities to enable viable recommendations could involve an update of ideological points of view and the identification of meaning variation regarding potentially useful expressions. 

  • 80.
    Landqvist, Mats
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Drawing the Line between Sick and Healthy: Normality Constructions in Health Communication Contexts.2019In: Health Communication, ISSN 1041-0236, E-ISSN 1532-7027, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine how traditional views of normality are negotiated, indorsed and resisted when talking about children with heart defects. Having as a starting point an ethnographic project that aimed to study knowledge construction when being pregnant or having a child with a heart defect, we focus on argumentation put forward by clinicians and parents in order to understand the forms that normality takes in relation to children's health and illness and the way that it is constructed argumentatively and linguistically. More specifically, we draw data from recorded doctor-patient consultations, ethnographic interviews and entries from family blogs and forums and focus on those instances where normality is negotiated as a means of providing a medical consultation or of taking and motivating decisions about the child's health and everyday life. The analysis is conducted by identifying content and logical topics in the data and showing how constructions of normality and alternative conceptions are constructed in discourse. Discourses are additionally related to discursive, semiotic framing and the realization of norms. Our results highlight a duality that is being painted both in the clinicians and in the parents' discourse when negotiating the illness and the accompanying risks in the child's everyday life. Some of the traditional norms being re-constructed and re-negotiated in the data are those of stigmatization, diversity, responsibility and freedom of choice.

  • 81.
    Ledin, Per
    Örebro universitet.
    Listans och tabellens semiotik2015In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article has a theoretical aim and explores the semiotics of lists and tables. It takes a his­torical perspective and looks at both the invention of writing (phylogeny) and the writing deve­lopment of the child (ontogeny) in order to uncover how meaning-making evolves through the use of semiotic and material resources. Lists on clay followed the invention of writing and were used for bureaucratic purposes, to plan and take control over e.g. food, persons and words, which we recognize in today’s grocery lists, participant lists and word lists. When literacy grows and elaborated classification systems are codified, the table becomes an impor­tant semiotic tool that enables detailed and systematic comparisons by its use of materiality, where columns and rows intersect and linguistic and numerical signs can be combined. At the end of the article, I synthesize my observations in a model that shows what kind of meaning-making lists and tables are apt for.

  • 82.
    Ledin, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Machin, David
    Örebro University.
    Doing critical discourse studies with multimodality: From metafunctions to materiality2019In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 497-513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Critical Discourse Studies (CDS) and in other linguistics oriented scholarly journals we now see more research which draws upon multimodality as part of carrying out analyses of how texts make meaning, in order to draw out the ideologies which they carry. However, much of multimodality is itself based closely on one theory of language called Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL). And despite calls from some scholars there has been no real interrogation of the concepts and models drawn from this theory as regards how suitable they are both for analyzing different forms of communication and for answering concrete research questions of the nature asked in CDS. In this paper we assess the core principles, taken from SFL into multimodality. Using examples we consider which are more or less suitable for the kinds of work we do in CDS. We make a case that SFL has a narrow notion of ‘texts’ and a weak notion of context. We show how we can address such problems to deal with what we call the ‘materiality’ of multimodal communication.

  • 83.
    Ledin, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Machin, David
    Örebro University.
    Final reply2019In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 540-548Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Ledin, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Nyström Höög, Catharina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Uppsala universitet.
    Tønnesson, Johan
    Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    Westberg, Gustav
    Örebro universitet.
    Den  multimodala sakprosan2019In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla sakprosatexter är multimodala, och denna artikel diskuterar relationen mellan sakprosaforskning och multimodalitetsforskning. Artikeln adresserar två frågor: Hur kan forskning om multimodalitet och sakprosa stimulera varandra? och Hur förhåller sig nordisk sakprosaforskning till en vidare multimodal forskningstradition? För att besvara dessa frågor tecknar artikeln multimodalitetstraditionens utveckling samt härleder sakprosabegreppets ursprung. I ljuset av såväl äldre som nutida sakprosaforskning argumenterar artikeln för att sakprosabegreppets multimodala potential huvudsakligen ligger i förledet sak eftersom det riktar ljuset mot textens roll som ett yttrande om verkligheten inom en institution. Således argumenterar artikeln att samspelet mellan verbalspråket och andra semiotiska resurser bör stå i centrum vid studiet av sakprosa, oberoende av om det handlar om ett samspel mellan verbalspråk och t.ex. visuella, rumsliga eller auditiva resurser. Detta pekar slutligen på nödvändigheten i att uppmärksamma hur olika affordanser – dvs. möjligheter och begränsningar – i olika semiotiska material används i olika kontexter. Därmed blir också efterledet prosa relevant, eftersom de riktar uppmärksamheten mot kvaliteter i uttrycket.

  • 85.
    Lemes, Mirsada
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Förstår barnen innebörden av sin tvåspråkighet och i så fall vilka fördelar respektive nackdelar finns de enligt dem.: En studie om tvåspråkiga barns uppfattning om sin egen tvåspråkighet.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find out what students think about bilingualism as well as whether there are advantages and disadvantages of it, based on the children's perspective. All children in this class are bilingual, is thus a mother tongue other than Swedish. All were born in Sweden but has parents who are originally from / born in other countries in addition to having mom who was born in Sweden but originally from another country. In my study I have chosen to use qualitative methods in which I used semi-structured interviews and non participant observations. In the study, I have come to interview the children think that being bilingual is good, they mean that there are some drawbacks to this except that it can sometimes be a bit hard when someone does not understand. Also what they think is good with bilingualism is that you can use the languages depending on where you are, if they go to their homeland, they speak their mother tongue with people, relatives because they do not understand Swedish. Or sometimes they need their mother tongue during lesson time when they do not understand a word. Or when they work together with someone who speaks the same language as them, then they sometimes speak the language because it is easier to explain and understand. Being bilingual has formerly been regarded as something negative, but with time, this in turn has changed. Today it has become increasingly common to be bilingual or multilingual, the more languages you know, the better you can get in the society, and then you can switch between languages. To know two languages gives the individual a broader cultural experience.

  • 86.
    Lindström, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    “Jim Norton- 1, Walking Land Whale- 0”: Gender and Language Asymmetries in Cyber-Bullying2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Unfiltered online language use is most visible where social media sites highlight power injustices such as racism, homophobia, feminism and sexism, which in turn sometimes promotes behavior such as cyber-bullying or internet-trolling. Women have been explicit targets for cyber-bullying and internet-trolling. The linguistic sub-field of gender and language considers questions of how language is used by and about men and women. This is a language and gender study with focus on a gender vocabulary and gendered language use in an online social media forum. This study aims to reveal the linguistic patterns in the discussions about genders. This was represented by YouTube video where one man and one woman, engaged in a debate on misogyny in comedy. The research was done through a qualitative and a quantitative research, by studying the comment section regarding the YouTube video. The results show that there are two different ways of how and what people tend to focus on when talking about men and women. For a woman, her appearance will most likely be in focus while, when talking about a man, it is the man’s performance that is of relevance. The asymmetry is that men are discussed with regards to what they are saying while women are evaluated for how they are saying it, and what they look like saying it.

  • 87. Magnusson, Jenny
    Fokus ålder: betydelserelationer och betydelseförändring2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study how words denoting age are used in newspaper texts. I have chosen mainly to study the following Swedish focus words for females and males of different ages (flicka, kvinna, tjej, dam; pojke, man, kille and herre) as they relate to age. Furthermore, age lexemes – different variations of Swedish expressions of age – are investigated and finally also a number of new Swedish expressions that are used to describe age – kids, förtis, grups, tweenie, mappie, senior and what I call “plus gradings” – e.g. 50 +.

    The study is particularly concerned with where and how age is referred to and how the chosen focus words relate in different ways to age and sex – and finally also with how these things have changed over time. I have examined newspaper corpora from three separate years – 1965, 1987 and 2000. My theoretical perspective is social constructivist, age being understood as something that is constructed and negotiated in language use. As for method, I adopt a corpus linguistic approach – large corpora and quantitative language patterns in frequencies and lexical content. Thus, my investigation is aimed at the focus words, the age lexemes and the terms in their linguistic contexts, primarily as regards adjective attributes, lexical relations and collocations.

    My conclusion is that the examined expressions occur in different contexts and are used in different ways, but are not always related to age or age differentiation. I have noticed a couple of tendencies; one relates to vagueness when it comes to age and one relates to a semantic division of labour. The focus words are both used as synonyms and as oppositions, and they refer to referents belonging to different age groups. At the same time there is a clear division of labour between them in that variation in many contexts relates more to subject and contextual pattern than to different chronological ages. Ihave also noticed that chronological age is generally used when something is unusual, deviant or when the context has to do with crime, sports, (change of or debut in) a profession, birthday announcements etc.

  • 88.
    Magnusson, Simon
    Uppsala University.
    Spelet mellan bilderna: Sekventiell analys av åhörares möjligheter att delta under bildspelspresentationer2017In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. NF 27, p. 221-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how slideshow presentations shape the social organization of participatory democracy meetings. Prior research on slideshow presentations claims that the presentation format inhibits interaction between presenter and audience. This implies that the use of the technology hinders participation and dialogue. In contrast with prior research, the present Conversation Analytic study is based on video-recordings of meetings where slideshow presentations are used. The analysis focusses on when, how, and for what actions members of the audience self-select to take the turn during presentations. The empirical findings validate the idea that the slideshow format indeed constrains participation. However, the projectability inherent in the slideshow format, coupled with the presenter’s manipulation of material objects, also affords opportunities for audience participation. The presenter’s action can thus project impending transition-relevance places and provides audience members with opportunities to take the turn “in-between” the slides. Slide changes constitute a discernable locus for turn transition, providing a space where audience members can contest the presenters’ perspective and, at least momentarily, turn the monologue into dialogue. These findings contribute to a more nuanced understanding of how turn projection allows members to capitalize on possible points of turn completion in multimodal environments.

  • 89.
    Milanda, Ibrahim
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Matematikundervisning för andraspråkselever: En kvalitativ studie om lärares arbetssätt i matematik2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 90.
    Milles, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Interaktion2015In: Sociolingvistik i praktiken / [ed] Sally Boyd & Stina Ericsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 177-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Månsson, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Pre-closing formulations in Meeting Talk: A Study of a Cross-functional Team Meeting at Ericsson in Stockholm2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Meetings are important arenas where institutional roles and relationships are acted out. Conversation analysis, a data-driven qualitative methodology utilized to study naturally occurring talk-in-interaction, was used in this study to uncover the mechanisms behind meeting talk. In a meeting shared understanding is essential and must be done in an economical manner. One interactional device to reach common agreement are formulations that summarize what has been said or draw out its relevant implication. In this essay, a sub-class of formulations, pre-closing formulations, are in focus. They serve to close the current topic and move on to the next. The aim of this thesis was to find out what kind of interactional devices are used in pre-closure formulations. The findings from the analysis of data, from a cross-functional team meeting at Ericsson in Stockholm, show how a pre-closing formulation followed by silence from the participants is the basis for an agreement. Furthermore the chair can utilize a pre-closing formulation to emphasize the topic of discussion and to influence the sense-making and thus “do” leadership. With a pre-closing formulation the meeting participants can be prepared to be held accountable for the status in a project. However, a pre-closing must not lead to a closing of the topic, the findings show how meeting participants act to continue after the chair’s candidate pre-closing formulation.

  • 92.
    Naoum, Elezabeth
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Sulaiman, Olivia
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Vad är flerspråkighet?: En fallstudie från två skolor i Södertälje2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to see if billingualism is understood within literature, society and among students and faculty teachers. We took inspiration from theories on billingualism and brought it with us when we carried out interviews with two principals in separate schools and when we conducted our investigation, in the form of questionnaires, in one of the schools. The investigation involved teachers and students in ninth grade. The study is divided into three parts: a theoretical background of what billingualism is; a presentation of the interviews and answers from students and teachers and an analysis of the results that came from the interviews and questionnaires. Our conclusions are that billingualism has a positive influence on human development. Sweden has been considered to be a one-language country, but our study shows to the contrary, that Sweden is definitely a billingual and multicultural country.

  • 93. Nikolaidou, Zoe
    The literacy practices of developing vocational portfolios: interacting activities, negotiating identities and enacting hybrid discourses2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language.
    The use of Activity Theory in literacy research: Working and developing a professional portfolio and the interaction of the two activities2011In: Literacy and Numeracy Studies: An international journal in the education and training of adults, ISSN 1441-0559, E-ISSN 1839-2903, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 3-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Nikolaidou, Zoe
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language.
    Karlsson, Anna-Malin
    Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet.
    Construction of caring identities in the new work order2012In: International Advances in Writing Research: Cultures, Places, Measures / [ed] Charles Bazerman, Chris Dean, Jessica Early, Karen Lunsford, Suzie Null, Paul Rogers, and Amanda Stansell, Anderson, South Carolina: Parlor Press, 2012, p. 507-519Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Nippgen, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Är graviditet fortfarande det bästa botemedlet?: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur kvällspressen skriver om endometrios under åren 1996–20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a critical discourse analysis of how the Swedish tabloids write about endometriosis. The empirical material consists of 23 articles which focus on the disease endometriosis, published between the years of 1996–2016. The thesis’ overall aim is to examine how the disease and individuals who suffer from it are portrayed, and what power the press has to create, maintain or change discourses of endometriosis. To achieve this the thesis uses three theoretical perspectives: 1) women’s pain and diseases have not been acknowledged in the medical history, 2) the feministic perspective, that this depends on the gender order, and 3) the press’ ability to affect society. Guided by a social constructive understanding of language, the thesis analyses the situation context and the articles’ themes on a micro and macro level, which is later constructed into the critical discourse analysis. The result shows that the press mostly writes detailed, although simplified information regarding endometriosis. The pain women experience is described as severe, but endometriosis is also often portrayed mostly as a fertility problem. Discourses shown in previous articles about the pain and diseases in women could be seen in the articles. However, a change can be noted during the investigated time period, both considering the press’ description of endometriosis and the discursive perspective. The information about the disease gets more medical correct and the discursive change tends to have a more feministic approach.

  • 97.
    Nordin, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Mellan raderna träder utställaren fram: En diskursanalytisk studie av Fotografiskas semiotiska och narrativa identitetsskapande i det digitala rummet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how websites can be used for corporate branding purposes of institutions in the cultural field. It is based on my analytical findings on the website of Fotografiska, a gallery for contemporary fine art photography in central Stockholm. The thesis is based on the claim that both the surrounding context and the content of the exhibition texts plays a crucial role in the creation of a corporate brand for art galleries. Therefore my intention here is to show how Fotografiska all together use semiotic and narrative resources on their website in order to brand themselves. Supported by the findings from my sociosemiotic discourse analysis I argue that the extensive portraying of fine art photography and its key figures, maintains a few artistic core values that are characteristic for the branding of Fotografiska. Those are minimalism, intellectuality, exclusiveness, tradition and expertise.   

  • 98.
    Nyroos, Lina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstads universitet.
    Code-switched repair initiation: The case of Swedish eller in L2 English test interaction2017In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 120, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a long-standing interest in repair practices, much is yet to be learned about participants' selections of components of the repair operation, and their systematic variation across contexts and languages (Hayashi et al., 2013b; Kitzinger, 2013). The present paper targets the initiation of self-repair through examination of a particular discursive object, the Swedish conjunction eller ('or'), located in repair-prefacing position in a corpus of 79 second language (L2) oral proficiency tests. In the corpus, eller is systematically produced in Swedish, while surrounding talk is produced in the target language, English. As such, the repair initiations are code-switched (e.g., Auer, 1998b). Building on the recent work on or-prefaced repair initiations in English (Lerner and Kitzinger, 2015), we examine the role of eller-initiated repair (EIR), i.e., repair prefaced by eller, in the context of paired L2 tests. We also contrast EIRs with or-prefaced repair initiations in the same dataset. Findings indicate that EIRs serve to display trouble awareness, which may relate to necessary revisions of both form and content of the talk in English. The 'other-languageness' (Gafaranga, 2000) of the momentary code-switch amplifies test-takers' attention to what needs to be replaced or revised, and indicates to co-participants that self-repair is underway. The practice helps push forward turn transition and pre-empts conclusions about the speaker's stance or linguistic competence, which may be particularly relevant in a language testing context. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 99.
    Ockenström Norberg, Emelie
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Tvåspråkighet och Livsbanor: En undersökning av avgångselever från Gränsskolan i Haparanda2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals about bilingualism and lifepaths. The essay is based on a qualitative study, where eight individuales have been interviewed, all of them from Gränsskolan in Haparanda. Before the interview´s a study of relevant research literature was made.

    The main purpose with the essay, is to study if the informant’s life paths have been affected by their bilingualism, i.e. if the informers moves and education etc. have been affected by theirs bilingualism. The essay also deals with how the informants’ bilingualism have developed and if there is something who has promote to the bilingualism.

    A plotting program called Geotime has been used to analyse the informers’ life paths. The program was used for time-geographic illustrations.

    The systematic and the integrative approach is the starting point in the essay´s geographic problem. Time geography is used for analysing the informers life paths. The other theory, the boundary theory is used for to examine how the informers in Haparanda had become bilingual (systematic approach). In order to understand, study and see how the life paths and bilingualism is spatially related to each other in specific environments, an investigation was made to see if there were connection between those, i.e. if moves, jobs and education had been influenced by the informers’ bilingualism (integrative approach).

    The study shows that the informers had been bilingual for different reasons, their knowledge in Finnish and in Swedish is different. The informers’ life paths look different, four of the informers had a wide pattern of movement. The conclusions are that the informers’ life has in certain ways been influenced by their bilingualism, because some of the informers has had use of both languages, for example at their workplaces.

  • 100.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Nahnfeldt, Cecilia
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstads universitet.
    Jacobsen, Liselotte
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Närstudie av medarbetarsamtalets roll i att möjliggöra balans i livet: JämVäxt. Modeller för jämställd hållbar tillväxt. Sammanfattning av forskningsresultat2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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