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  • 51. Elmgren, Ainur
    et al.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Power Investigation: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding : Introduction2013In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, ISSN 1478-2804, E-ISSN 1478-2790, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 338-340Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Agriculture and Forestry in Sweden since 1900: A Cartographic Description2013In: Agricultural History, ISSN 0002-1482, E-ISSN 1533-8290, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 128-130Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Det började i Polen: Sverige och Solidaritet 1980-19812013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När strejkerna bröt ut vid Leninvarvet i Gdańsk 1980 var det inte första gången som protester mot det kommunistiska systemet bröt ut i Polen. Under 1950-, 1960- och 1970-talen återkom folkliga protester. I väst väckte detta delvis ett hopp om förändringar men också en oro för vad Sovjetunionen skulle göra. Detta vittnesseminarium kallat Det började i Polen har behandlat hur den svenska arbetarrörelsen och andra aktörer stödde den fria fackföreningen Solidaritet och dess föregångare. Under seminariet uppkom en mängd olika aspekter av hur stödet såg ut, men också hur svenska departement hanterade den oroliga situationen i Polen.

  • 54.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Förnyelse eller förfall?: Svenska försvaret efter kalla krigets slut2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska försvarets omstrukturering efter det kalla krigets slut är en av de största omvandlingarna av offentlig verksamhet i Sveriges historia. Den försvarsmakt vi har idag har inte mycket gemensamt med den Sverige hade under 1960- och 1970-talen. Ändå har omvandlingen skett utan särskilt mycket debatt. Kastades barnet ut med badvattnet, när försvaret skulle anpassas till nya säkerhetspolitiska förutsättningar och nya ekonomiska krav ställdes?

    Under vittnesseminariet ”Förnyelse eller förfall?”, som redovisas i sin helhet i denna skrift, diskuterades försvarets omvandling med fyra huvudaktörer i svensk försvarspolitik, bland andra före detta överbefälhavaren Owe Wiktorin och före detta försvarsministern Björn von Sydow.

  • 55.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Försvarshögskolan.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Wawrzeniuk, Piotr
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Försvarshögskolan.
    Commemorating the Fallen for Friendship and Encouragement: The Commemoration of Fallen Soldiers in the Military Culture in the Baltic Sea region 1919-19392013In: Baltic Security and Defence Review, ISSN 1736-3772, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 123-143Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Friberg, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    A Co-operative Take on Free Trade: International Ambitions and Regional Initiatives in International Co-operative Trade2017In: A Global History of Consumer Co-operation since 1850: Movements and Businesses / [ed] Mary Hilson, Silke Neunsinger, Greg Patmore, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 201-225Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with co-operative ambitions to create institutions that would establish international co-operative trade. This implied stimulating trade between the national co-operative wholesales, or more ambitiously, the creation of an international co-operative business organization. Free trade as a trade policy and as an approach to internationalism was a condition for the realization of international co-operative trade. Protectionism was not an option. But the very notion of free trade, and the ways in which co-operators have related to it, has been subject to subtle shifts and changes. In the chapter, we follow the endeavours of co-operators to agree on institutions for co-operative international trade and thereby also their discussion regarding free trade policy. The period covered is the first half of the twentieth century but focus is on the inter-war period.

  • 57.
    Friberg, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Accounts along the aid chain: Administering a moral economy2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 246-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is threefold. First, it aims to delineate the flow of resources and the claims on those resources within the humanitarian aid system by locating task structures and functional units across the aid chain. Second, it draws on this account to highlight tensions in the system. Different stations in the organisational process are conditioned by the tasks assigned to them, how those tasks are anchored in a moral economy, and their historical interrelations. Third, it explores how aid organisations are perceived by experts in different parts of the aid chain. Four key agents were invited to recount their work experiences. We then consider how the outlook of the interviewees was shaped by their place in the aid chain. The interviews are an inventory of experiences, a preliminary corroboration of the organisational analysis that preceded them, and a source of future hypotheses. © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.

  • 58.
    Friberg, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Den glömda konsumtionen. Auktionshandel i Sverige under 1700- och 1800-talen [The neglected consumption: the role of auctions in Sweden during the eighteenth and nineteenth Centuries]2015In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 207-209Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction to the thematic issue ‘Moral Economy: New Perspectives'2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 143-146Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, NorbertSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Moral Economy: New Perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Comment on Daniella Gress: The Beginnings of the Sinti and Roma Civil Rights Movement in the Federal Republic of Germany2015In: Antiziganism: What's in a Word / [ed] Jan Selling, Markus End, Hristo Kyuchukov, Pia Laskar, Bill Templer, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, 1, p. 61-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deals with the politics of compensation for Nazi war crimes against Sinti and Roma

  • 62.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Inledning till studiet av det assyriska folkmordet2015In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 135, no 4, p. 660-673Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Levnadsförhållanden2015In: Perspektiv på historia: en introduktion till historiestudier / [ed] Henrik Ågren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 35-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    The Complexity of the Assyrian Genocide2015In: Le génocide des Arméniens: Cent ans de recherche 1915-2015 / [ed] Conseil scientifique international pour l'étude du génocide des Arméniens, Paris: Armand Colin, 2015, p. 70-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Describes the problems of studying the Assyrian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire.

  • 65.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    The Complexity of the Assyrian Genocide2015In: Genocide Studies International, ISSN 2291-1847, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 83-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Article describes and analyzes the Assyrian genocide in Ottoman Turkey during World War I.

  • 66.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Year of the Sword in the Province of Diyarbakir2015In: In Times of Genocide 1915-2015: Report from a conference on the Armenian Genocide and Syriac Seyfo / [ed] Lars Hillås Lingius, Älvsjö: Studieförbundet Bilda , 2015, 1, p. 36-50Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Managing the 'Country's Future'-Changing Ideas, Constraints and Perceptions of Preschools in Contemporary Russia Compared with the Soviet Past2015In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 67, no 10, p. 1587-1605Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The liberation of the family from the excessive control of the state, support of children's moral values, the improvement of childcare, and overcoming the demographic crisis have all influenced recent discussions on preschool education and care in Russia. The essay analyses how different, and often conflicting, formulations of public interests' influenced preschool institutions in Russia during the last 25 years. The essay also seeks to explore contemporary evaluations of preschools in the context of the interpretations offered by public discussions and parents of the Soviet practice of childcare.

  • 68.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Moda, odezhda i stil kaj optika dlya izucheniia sovetskogo obschestva: [Fashion, clothes, and style as the tools for studying the Soviet society]2015In: Rossiiskaya Istoriya, ISSN 0869-5687, no 5, p. 181-184Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Organizing Girls’ Groups for a Better Future: Local and Global Challenges and Solutions2015In: Girlhood Studies, ISSN 1938-8209, E-ISSN 1938-8322, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 76-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Woman of Orient is not the Voiceless Slave Anymore – the Non-Russian Women of Volga-Ural Region and ‘Woman’s Question2017In: Rethinking the Russian Revolution as Historical Divide / [ed] Matthias Neumann, Andy Willimott, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 150-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    "This Law Is Simply a Blind Copy of the Most Radical Feminist Laws of Northen Europe": Gender Equality (Non)Institutionalization - An Example of Nordic Cooperation with Norhwest Russia2015In: Institutionalizing gender equality: historical and global perspectives / [ed] Gradskova, Yulia ; Sanders, Sara, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015, p. 229-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    To defend the revolution is to defend culture. The cultural policy of the Cuban revolution2017In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 126-128Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Translating "Gender Equality": Northwestern Russia meets the Global Gender Equality Agenda2015In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, no 1-2, p. 69-74Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Группы для девушк и созидание будущего: глобальные и локальные вызовы и решения2016In: неприкосновенный запас, Vol. 105, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Quirico, MonicaSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Institutet för Motståndsrörelsens historia, Turin, Italien.
    Solidariteten med Chile 1973–19892016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid militärkuppen i Chile den 11 september 1973 störtades Salvador Allendes och Unidad Populars demokratiskt valda regering. Sjutton år av militärdiktatur under general Augusto Pinochet följde, då flera tusen människor dödades, torterades och ”försvann”. Sverige var ett av de länder där solidaritetsrörelsen med Chile var som störst.

    Vad var viktigast med solidaritetsarbete? Vilken roll spelade kulturen? Hur koordinerades arbetet med chilenska politiska partier och ledare i exil och i Chile? Vilken betydelse hade solidaritetsarbetet i Sverige för Chile?

    Denna skrift dokumenterar ett vittnesseminarium om solidaritet med Chile som arrangerades den 9 mars 2016 av Samtidshistoriska institutet vid Södertörns högskola. De medverkande var Göran Sallnäs – f.d. rektor på Runö Folkhögskola, Jan Hammarlund – sångare och aktivist, Carlos Nuñez – f.d. ordförande för Post- och telegrafarbetarförbundet i Chile, Anna Rydmark Venegas – en av grundarna till Chilekommittén och under 1973–1974 dess ordförande samt Stefan de Vylder – nationalekonom.

  • 76.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Sanders, SaraGrinnell College.
    Institutionalizing gender equality: historical and global perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Sanders, Sara
    Grinnell College.
    Internationalization, Institutionalization, and Glocalization: Gender, Equality as Process2015In: Institutionalizing gender equality: historical and global perspectives / [ed] Gradskova, Yulia ; Sanders, Sara, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Abolition, Bible, Relief: The Origins of Global Civil Society2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Paper analyses the voluntary action of the London-based Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, a set of humanitarian relief campaigns in the years 1805-1815, and its connections with the advocacy work of the anti-slavery movement and that of the British and Foreign Bible Society. While advocacy is a well-known dimension of early transnational civil society, early humanitarian relief services across borders are virtually unknown to research. This paper argues that advocacy and service were always interrelated and co-evolved as the two principal dimensions of global civil society already at the turn from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.

  • 79.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Asymmetry in Civil Society Development and Its Implications for Archival Preservation2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2015In: Das Politische Skandinavien: Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik & Kultur / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Sven Jochem, Siegfried Frech, Schwalbach: Wochenschau , 2015, p. 241-257Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 81.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Continuation War or War of Revenge?: Guilt and Morality [review of [Henrik Stenius, Mirja Österberg and Johan Östling (eds). Nordic Narratives of the Second World War: National Historiographies Revisited. Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011.]2013In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 51-52Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Das schwedische Volksheimdenken der Zwischenkriegszeit: Problem oder Lösung?2013In: Gemeinschaftsdenken in Europa: Das Gesellschaftskonzept ‘Volksheim’ im Vergleich 1900–1938 / [ed] Detlef Lehnert, Colgne: Böhlau, 2013, p. 133-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Distressed Germans – British Benefactors: Collective Identities at the Time of the Napoleonic Wars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    FN-medlemskapets (tveksamma) lockelse: Dansk–finska likheter2017In: Danmark og Finland i 100 år (1917–2017): En fælles nordisk historie / [ed] Jens E. Olesen, Greifswald: Universität Greifswald , 2017, p. 159-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    From Neutrality to Membership: Sweden and the United Nations, 1941 to 19462016In: Contemporary European History, ISSN 0960-7773, E-ISSN 1469-2171, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 75-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's relationship with the United Nations fluctuated considerably between 1941 and 1946. This article examines how the Nordic country's own security interests were sometimes viewed as compatible and sometimes at odds with membership of the United Nations. The discussions surrounding Sweden's accession to the United Nations and actions of its first delegates to the international organisation are explored at length. So too is the discrepancy between Sweden's reputation for neutrality and its enthusiastic support for the United Nations, on the one hand, and its internal debates and policy decisions during the 1940s, on the other. Finally, the article explores the ways in which Sweden used the United Nations as an arena in which to manifest both its indifference to security alignment and its exceptionalism in world affairs.

  • 86.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Heku Pecha Kucha2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 87.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction: Collective Identities in Baltic and East Central Europe2014In: The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender / [ed] Götz, Norbert, Huddinge: Södertörn University , 2014, p. 11-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introspective Performance: The Scandinavian Power Investigation as a Politico-Cultural Practice2013In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, ISSN 1478-2804, E-ISSN 1478-2790, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 341-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transdisciplinary coherence of area studies can be enhanced through a cross-fertilisation of historical and social sciences with concepts derived from philology and cultural studies. The five Scandinavian power investigations (Norway 1972–1982, Sweden 1985–1990, Denmark 1997–2003, Norway 1997–2003, and Finland 2007–2010) are here recognised as a unique body of work. Blending politically guided perspectives with collaborative scholarly analysis, these investigations represent events rather than texts. For this reason the concept of genre does not sufficiently capture their essence. Instead, power investigations are seen as comprehensive politico-cultural practices identified by 14 characteristics imported from the humanities. The utility of these investigations in suggesting transparency and self-reflection enhances the legitimacy of Scandinavian government.

  • 89.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introspective Performance: The Scandinavian Power Investigation as a Politico-Cultural Practice2015In: The Political Culture of Nordic Self-Understanding: Power Investigation / [ed] Ainur Elmgren and Norbert Götz, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 4-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Mapping the oeuvre of Larry Wolff2016In: Mental Mapping and Eastern Europe, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    ‘Moral Economy’: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 147-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges E.P. Thompson’s definition of ‘moral economy’ as a traditionalconsensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests thatthe concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moraleconomy was a term invented in the eighteenth century to describe many things.Thompson’s approach reflects only a minor part of this conceptual history. Hisunderstanding of moral economy is conditioned by a dichotomous view of history and bythe acceptance of a model according to which modern economy is not subject to moralconcerns. It is on principle problematic to confine a term conjoining two concepts asgeneral as ‘moral’ and ‘economy’ to a specific historical and social setting. Recentapproaches that frame moral economy as an emotively defined order of morals are alsomisleading since they do not address economic issues in the way they are commonlyunderstood. The most promising current approaches appear to be those that consider themoral economy of welfare, humanitarianism, and civil society. The concept of moraleconomy may help us to clarify alternative ways of ‘utility maximisation’ through theconstruction of altruistic meaning for economic transactions.

  • 92.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Neutralität und Kooperation, Engagement und Intervention: Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2014In: Der Burger im Staat, ISSN 0007-3121, Vol. 64, no 2-3, p. 176-182Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik der im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert entstandenen skandinavischen Nationalstaaten hat unterschiedliche Phasen durchlaufen. Eine in den 1930er Jahren zunächst noch gemeinsam verfolgte Neutralitätspolitik blieb angesichts der machtpolitischen Konstellationen während des Zweiten Weltkriegs erfolglos. Nach 1945 waren die nordeuropäischen Länder bestrebt, ihre Souveränität zu wahren und sich im beginnenden Kalten Krieg zu positionieren. 1948 wurde eine skandinavische Verteidigungsunion erwogen, die letztlich an den Differenzen der nordischen Staaten scheiterte. Dänemark, Norwegen und Island wurden Gründungsmitglieder der NATO, während Schweden seine neutralitätspolitische Tradition fortführte und Finnland aufgrund der Grenzlage zur UdSSR einen pragmatischen Kurs verfolgte. Um die unterschiedlichen sicherheitspolitischen Orientierungen zu kompensieren, wurde 1952 der Nordische Rat gegründet. In den 1960er Jahren wurde der Kurs einer aktiven und in internationaler Hinsicht stärker politisierten Außenpolitik eingeschlagen. In der Europapolitik hingegen zeigten sich die nordischen Länder eher zögerlich. Ambivalent gestaltete sich auch die Kooperation mit den baltischen Ländern Estland, Lettland und Litauen. Die seit 2005 zu beobachtende Renaissance der nordischen Zusammenarbeit vermag die Heterogenität der von den skandinavischen Staaten verfolgten Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik nicht zu überdecken.

  • 93.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    On the Origins of ‘Parliamentary Diplomacy’: Scandinavian ‘Bloc Politics’ and Delegation Policy in the League of Nations2013In: International Diplomacy: vol. 1: Diplomatic Institutions / [ed] Iver B. Neumann and Halvard Leira, London: Sage Publications, 2013, p. 237-253Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from the observation of a renaissance of the term ‘parliamentarydiplomacy’ in practical politics – if with a shift of meaning fromparliamentary methods and procedures toward parliamentary agents –this article pleads for a scholarly adaptation of the concept and suggestsnot to neglect either of these dimensions. Reviewing the history of theLeague of Nations, in particular its creation and the policies and patternsof delegation and group formation pursued by the Scandinaviancountries, the historical interrelation of the aspect of strategic alignmentand representative delegation of legislators is shown.International relations theory, in particular constructivist approaches,should note that the twentieth century’s contribution to diplomatic history,meaning the emergence of multilateral diplomacy on a regularbasis, is parliamentary not only in regard to the character of itsproceedings, but also increasingly in regard to some of the relevantdiplomatic agents.

  • 94.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    One Per Cent for Development: Rationales of Swedish Donorship2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been one of the major providers of development aid to Third World countries, measured in per cent of the gross national income (GNI). Since the mid-1970s the country has always surpassed the 0.7 per cent goal propagated by the United Nations and sometimes exceeded the own, more ambitious goal of one per cent. The paper examines a variety of explanations for this extraordinary donor behavior and concludes that it may best be explained by ideological and strategic considerations made public by Swedish decision makers on both the national and the global level. Development aid has been an investment in international prestige and influence and, during the Cold War, also a marker of Swedish non-alignment in security policy matters. At the same time, the consonance of having a comprehensive domestic welfare system alongside the idea that international assistance should be given to those in need has given the country a consistent image. Domestically, development aid has been an issue that created an opportunity for social democrats to characterize the centre-right parties as divided on a foreign policy issue.

  • 95.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Patron, Kin, and Fellow Believer: Transnational Relief for Ireland 1845–18512014In: On conference websit, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The famine of the 1840s is a historical landmark, a lieux de memoire not only of Irish, but of European and transatlantic history. Like writing on the wall it bears witness to the malfunction of the then hegemonic liberal doctrine and to the ignorance of the mightiest power of the time – the British Empire. Whereas these issues are recurrent subjects for discussion, the voluntary relief effort at the time has been little studied. This paper argues that this effort highlights the transnational capacity of civil society at the time and it shows the ambiguity of voluntary transnationalism with roots in imperial and diaspora constellations and in a wider context of religious and humanitarian driving forces.

  • 96.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Rationales of Humanitarianism: The Case of British Relief to Germany, 1805–18152014In: Journal of Modern European History, ISSN 1611-8944, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 186-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the British humanitarian relief campaign initiated by the Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent (1805–1815). It demonstrates the significance of two aspects for the campaign: the activism of London-based immigrant communities on the one hand, and British solidarity with allied countries during the Napoleonic Wars and the related matter of national mobilisation against France on the other. While immigrant activism was a major driving force of the campaign, its impact depended on the integration of immigrants into British society and on the mobilisation of Britons. Moreover, while the alliance with German states was often underlined in the publicity efforts of the campaign, wider humanitarian concerns were also addressed.

  • 97.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The case of the Baltic Sea area: spatial politics and fuzzy regionalism2016In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. IX, no 3, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with political region building by examining the diverging conceptions of the Baltic Sea region since the 1970s. Itmaps the fuzzy geography arising from the enmeshment of territory with a multitude of frameworks for regional action. After 1989, the region became the object of interregional and neighborhood policies established by the European Union, with shifting territorial delimitations according to various internal and geopolitical needs of the day. Drawing on functional, relational, and administrative perspectives, it is shown how spatial definitions surrounding the Baltic Sea region have varied over the past fifty years, revealing those transnational connections that have been valued as worthwhile political investments.

  • 98.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18152013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary transnational humanitarian aid dates back to the Napoleonic Wars, when affiliates of the British and Foreign Bible Society and some other British subjects, frequently of immigrant background, organized a relief campaign to the benefit of certain allied nations, in particular in Germany and Sweden. The paper accounts for the little known origins of transnational relief and asks for the driving forces of donors, examines the impact of their help, and problematizes the interaction of providers and recipients of aid. The focus will be  on how morality, politics, and economy were interwoven with one another. The paper also discusses the lessons that can be drawn from this early example of humanitarian aid, and which lasting structural problems were evident already two-hundred years ago.

  • 99.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Concept of Openness: Promise and Paradox2014In: The Paradox of Openness: Transparency and Participation in Nordic Cultures of Consensus / [ed] Götz, Norbert; Marklund, Carl, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 10-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Emergence of NGOs as Actors on the World Stage2019In: Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations / [ed] Thomas Davies, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019, p. 19-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This overview begins with a discussion of how the term NGO entered international relations in connection with the UN Charter conference. It continues with a chronological sketch of the emergence of NGOs in the nineteenth century. It then discusses the quantitative development of NGOs until today, periodisation issues, and major trends, suggesting a politico-economic perspective in tension with geopolitical IR approaches.

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