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  • 51.
    Abbaszadeh, Sepideh
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Espinoza, Daniela
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Instagram: en plattform för att frigöra kvinnors kroppar genom hashtags.: Ett bidrag i diskussionen angående aktivism på Instagram.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The naked body is an entity that has always been present in both the “real” world and the media. The anatomy of our bodies isn’t something we can avoid; today it reflects the reality that has developed partly from media. According to Instagram’s guidelines users are not allowed to publish naked or semi-naked pictures but that does not stop certain users that are critical to how the body norms and censorship are portrait today. In our study, we take part of research regarding gender in multimedia settings and how they have affected our daily lives. As well as studies, which research the usage of hashtags and how to circumvent censorship. The focus for this study is to research what role Instagram and hashtags have in generating a public discussion as well to draw attention to various issues and causes that are based on norm critique. We have conducted two different observations, held interviews with activists and created an online-survey for users to answer what they think about the Instagram community guidelines. The results show that there is an underlying discrimination acceptance within Instagram and their community guidelines. We can also see that women and users who uses hashtags can spread their causes more effectively, although they are simultaneously at risk for being censored depending on the hashtag they use. According to our respondents from our research there is an agreement regarding the need of updating Instagram’s community guidelines, which could help with eliminate the current discrimination against women and their breasts. At the end of this study we are giving a proposal to how Instagram can work with their censoring in a more critical way. This may contribute to an agenda to make social media platforms safer and less discriminating.

  • 52.
    Abbo, Maryam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Digitala medier: Användning av surfplattor för att skriva berättelser i svensk språkundervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use of tablet computers in a Swedish language, classroom. This study aims to investigate student and teacher attitudes when using tablet computers for story writing. One fifth grade classroom was observed on three occasions and a total of six students and three teachers were subsequently interviewed. This study addresses the following questions:

    • How are tablet computers used for writing stories in a Swedish classroom?

     

    • What opportunities and obstacles do teachers experience when using the tablet computers when it comes to writing stories?
    • Which method was preferred by the students? Writing stories on tablet computers or writing by hand?

    This qualitative study was based on observations and interviews. Analysis of observations and interviews show that the tablet computers appear to help the students with language, organisation and structure in the writing of stories. However, teachers still need to incorporate both writing by hand and using the tablet computers to ensure competence for real-life situations which still use a mixture of both skills. The results also showed that tablet computers are a useful tool for communication when students help each other in their writing. Classroom observations suggest that tablet computers can act as a mediator tool in the Swedish elementary school classroom primarily as it makes the writing process easier for the students. Analysis of teacher interviews suggest that teachers prefer to have students use tablets as it makes the student’s texts clearer, facilitating assessment.

  • 53.
    Abdalla, Amal
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Konradsdal, Amanda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    CSR, receptet för en lyckad M&A transaktion?: En kvantitativ studie om hur effekterna av företagens sociala ansvar påverkar M&A transaktioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine whether the awareness of social- and environmental factors could be beneficial within M&A transactions in such that companies tend to obtain a higher success in such transactions if they are aware of these factors. The study also examines whether the actual return by the event date strikes higher for the social- and environmental aware companies than the unaware companies, where the event date is when the M&A transaction was due.

    Method: The authors have chosen to use two different methods; the Event Study- and Panel Study methods. The event window consists of five days before- and five days after the due date of the M&A, which makes it a total of 11 days. The estimation window is based on the 30 days before the event window and is examined in order to obtain an expected return of which is not affected by the event. The sample is based on international, Swedish companies which has undergone a M&A with a non- Swedish company, and is connected to the UN’s initiative Global Compact.

    Theory: The authors have chosen to apply the Efficient Market Hypothesis and besides that, a developed model based on a current one, the Merger Management Model. The difference between the models is that the Merger Management Model is based on tangible factors whereas the developed model, Social and Environmental Merger Management Model, is based on intangible factors. The chapter starts with the Efficient Market Hypothesis and then continues with the Merger Management Model and an explanation of the social- and environmental factors. The chapter ends with an explanation of the factors’ impact on companies and culminates onto the developed model.

    Conclusion: The outcome shows that companies of which are aware of social- and environmental risks, have incentives to a higher success rate in M&A transactions than companies that are unaware of these risks. The results of the hypothesis test made in this study strengthens the conclusion since the outcome of the p-value almost reached 64 percent, which means that there most likely is a correlation between the companies’ awareness of the social- and environmental factors and their success in M&A transactions.

  • 54.
    Abdalla, Fardosa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Resistance of Female Stereotypes in The Bluest Eye : Destroying Images of Black Womanhood and Motherhood2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stereotypes and myths are created by media to simplify and mystify reality. The two are used to form negative stereotypical images that are used as tools of social oppression in today’s white patriarchy. This essay will focus on how Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye depicts black womanhood and motherhood and resists the reductive images of black women through the narrative technique. In the text we find the stereotypical images of the Mammy and the Matriarch in the character Pauline "Polly" Breedlove, both simplifying and mystifying black motherhood but also condescending towards African-American family constellations. The text resists these images by making readers inhabit Polly who at first fits in to the two archetypes, only to then give us additional information and use an engaging narrative technique that invites the reader to decide if Polly really is the Mammy and the Matriarch.

  • 55.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Gudsstyre?: En fallstudie av Irans regim2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master´s thesis is to examine which type of regime the state Iran is. There has been much research on this issue and the discussion is not over yet. I have departed from three theoretical perspectives in order to understand which type of regime the Middle Eastern nation is: theocracy, democracy and hybrid regime. The theocratic regimetype is composed by David L. Websters archeological theory about governments ruled by God. For the democratic theory in this study Robert Dahls analytical framework about democracy and polyarchy is used. The hybrid regime is mainly represented by Andreas Schedler indicators. A qualitative case study approach is used for the purpose of this study where I have constructed an analytical framework containing indicators in order to apply these on the three regime models. The results and conclusion I can draw from this study is that Iran is more like a hybrid regime. However, there are several reservations and there need to be more studies to qualify this suggestion.

  • 56.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Varför religion?: En undersökning av hur eleverna i en skola upplever religionsämnet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 57. Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Understanding Critical Citizenship and Other Forms of Public Dissatisfaction: An Alternative Framework2012In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 58.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Procedural Fairness and Political Trust Among Young People: Lessons from a panel study on Swedish High School Students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media and so on) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters and so on) are required for a relationship to emerge.

  • 59.
    Abdi Ali Ahmed, Yousra
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    A Study on behavioral Health Interventions for Neglected tropical diseases: What is missing in current health interventions?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the spread of NTDs but to also determine what is missing in the health interventions that are conducted in the countries affected by NTD.

    Method and theory: The method used in this paper is the theory testing approach which is the Social Cognitive Theory. Development in the 1970s by A. Badura, it’s based on the concept of interaction between personal, environmental and social factors.

    Results: The results showed that both the previous research and today’s health interventions lack the understanding of the roll social and personal factors play in the spread of NTD. They mainly target the environmental factors and medical. Therefore, the NTDs are still endemic despite the effort during many years.

  • 60.
    Abdi Mohamed, Aukar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ramsey, Gabriel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ledarskap i den kreativa processen: En studie om små dataspelsföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Leadership in the creative process: A study about small computer game companies.

    Problem: Currently there is a lack of studies that focus on different leadership perspectives effect on creativity within groups. There is a lack of information about how leadership shapes and the leadership’s role in the creative process, especially in creative intensive industries. A big part of previous research focuses on countries like USA and Japan, but not Sweden. The computer game industry is a fast changing industry, therefore there are many challenges and business opportunities that organizations might lack knowledge about.

    Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to gain an understanding for what leadership in the creative process in small computer game companies look like. At the same time we want contribute knowledge and understanding about the leadership's influence on the creative process.

    Method: The study is based on a interpretive social science perspective with a qualitative research strategy. A phenomenological approach has been used to capture the respondent's’ experience of leadership in the creative process in the computer game industry with the help of semi structured interviews. The research approach was abductive due to the researchers constantly going between data and known theories when searching after the most probable explanations. During processing of data a phenomenographic data analysis model was used.

    Conclusion: Different leadership perspectives work differently under different circumstances. According to the theoretical framework leadership theories does not necessarily exclude one from another, rather aspects from different leadership theories are combinable. Since there are many kinds of computer game companies it is imperative to understand one’s own organization and to be open to pick aspects from different leadership theories to tailor a leadership perspective that fits the organization's context.

  • 61.
    Abdi, Mona
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Konflikter i den fria leken på fritidshemmet: En kvalitativ studie om konflikter och konflikthantering i den fria leken på fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine whether there is a connection between conflicts that arise between the students and the free play at the leisure center, and how these conflicts are handled. I answered the study's question with the help of qualitative interviews and observations. I interviewed four educators at four different leisure centers, and observed these activities. I have analyzed the empirical data from the sociocultural perspective. The result showed a clear connection between conflicts that arise between the students and the free play. The results also showed that the teachers in the leisure activities make use of the conflict management method mediation.

  • 62.
    Abdlbari, Abdulbari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Användning av mobilapplikationer i smartphones hos unga vuxna: En fallstudie bland studenter och arbetstagare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nu förtiden har det blivit allt vanligare att människor använder sig av smartphones. I denna uppsats har jag kartlagt smartphone-användares användningsvanor och mönster hos unga vuxna som antingen studerar eller arbetar. För att få fram den information jag behöver har jag valt att använda mig av dagböcker där sex stycken respondenter deltog under en fyra dagars period och även intervjuer där tre av de sex respondenterna var deltagande efter genomförandet av dagböckerna. Mina resultat visar fascinerande nog att smartphones används till största del på platser där användarna är relativt stillasittande som till exempel i hemmet. Dessutom har det visat sig att studenter har en stor användning av applikationer och där med smartphones, ofta i samband med deras studier, speciellt applikationer kopplade till molntjänster.

  • 63.
    Abdlbari, Abdulbari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Parkeringsapplikationen: Utveckling av en mobilapplikation för iPhone.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes procedures and preparations made for developing a mobile application.Using a questionnaire and usability tests, I have developed a design document for a parkingapplication for the iPhone 4. The purpose of the application is to help drivers find allowedparking spaces thus making roads safer for everyone while the driver avoids parking tickets.

  • 64.
    Abdo, Stalina
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Solidaritet med svaga och utsatta: En uppsats om elevers syn på om lärare förverkligar detta värde2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund och syfte: De grundläggande värdena,  människolivets okränkbarhet, individens frihet och integritet, alla människors lika värde, jämställdhet mellan kvinnor och män, samt solidaritet med svaga och utsatta är de värden skolan är satt att förmedla. Värdena anses inte ha någon koppling till verkligheten. Det sägs att det är en fråga om att förvandla orden i Läroplanen år 1994 till handling. Värderingarna har diskuterats i sin helhet, det vill säga inget värde har undersökts enskilt. Problematiken i hur dessa värden är formulerade har lyfts fram. Mot bakgrund av detta är syftet med uppsatsen att studera ett grundläggande värde om huruvida elever anser att skola/lärare har solidaritet med svaga och utsatta med praktisk handling.

    Metod: Uppsatsens utgångspunkt är ur ett hermeneutiskt synsätt med en induktiv forskningsansats. Resultatet är en surveyundersökning som bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med elever som går i årskurs nio, i Annersta Skolan, i Flemingsberg.

    Teori: De teorier som utgör uppsatsens vetenskapliga grund är olika definitioner av värdegrunden.

    I teorin lyfts det fram vad olika författare har sagt om värdegrunden och dess problematik. Värdegrunden diskuteras i förhållande till olika situationer. För att identifiera barns situation när det gäller deras inflytande används Amelie Thams bok: En bok om de grundläggande värdena och skolan. För att diskutera mobbning och vad det kan innebära för barn som blir utsatta används boken: Värdegrunden- finns den? av Kennert Orlenius. Värdegrundsboken- om samtal för demokrati i skolan av Gunilla Zackari och Fredrik Modigh används för att lyfta fram elevers rättsliga status samt visa när värdegrunden kommer till uttryck i skolan.

    Slutsatser: Huruvida elever anser att lärare har solidaritet med svaga och utsatta beror på hur pass väl de anser att styrdokumenten har följts. Elever bedömer efter hur deras egen situatíon har hanterats, av skola/lärare, i relation till styrdokumenten. En slutsats som kan dras är att elever bedömer skolans/lärares insatser efter den hjälp de har fått, det vill säga om hjälpen har varit tillräcklig i just deras fall.

  • 65.
    Abdu Mohamed, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Förståelsen av interkulturell pedagogik: En studie om förståelsen före detta Södertörnstudenter har gällande den interkulturella pedagogiken och om de använder den i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a teacher perspective gain insight to the knowledge former Sodertorn teacher students possess of intercultural pedagogy and if they use it at work. The studies main perspective is the intercultural perspective, which has been the study's lead perspective. This study also made use out of a sociocultural perspective as it fits with the intercultural perspective and puts its mark in the study.

    This study has used interviews for data collection. Five former Sodertorn teacher students were interviewed, the interview participants work as teachers. These five teachers’ experiences and statements were the focus of this study, the teachers had to demonstrate their intercultural skills and how they use these skills in their classroom. The study showed that four out of five interviewed teachers use intercultural education, these teachers always try to find students development zones and prior knowledge. Intercultural pedagogy approach for example focuses on the students' culture, knowledge, belongings and background. The four out of five interview participants that use intercultural pedagogy hope that their students get a deeper understanding of people that possess a different culture, religion and background. The four out of five teachers use intercultural strategies and these strategies are considered applicable when it comes to intercultural perspective.

  • 66.
    Abdulah, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Dini, Rahma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kulturell mångfald inom företag: En fallstudie om kulturell mångfaldsarbete inom transportsektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund​: En ökad globalisering, internationalisering och invandring runt om i världen idag har påverkat näringslivet på olika sätt. Effekterna av detta har haft en kulturell inverkan på Sveriges organisationer. År 1945 ersattes arbetskraftsinvandringen med flykting- och anhöriginvandring. Invandringen har inneburit att den kulturella och religiösa heterogeniteteni det svenska samhället har ökat jämfört med åren innan, vilket har bland annat skapat kulturella utmaningar för företagen i Sverige.

    Problemdiskussion:​ Kulturell mångfald har bidragit till olikheter på arbetsplatsen som har skapat utmaningar för företagen. Olikheterna är allt ifrån sättet man tänker, hur man utför sitt jobb, språket man talar till sättet man klär sig och de symboler man bär. Det är inte alltid de kulturella värderingarna går i enlighet med företagets värderingar och normer. Frågan är hurföretagen ser på dessa utmaningar och hur de hanterar dem.

    Forskningsfråga:​ Hur arbetar företag inom transportbranschen med kulturell mångfald och hur definierar dem utmaningarna som kommer med mångfald bland de anställda?

    Syfte: ​Studien syftar till att undersöka hur företag inom persontransportsektorn arbetar med kulturell mångfald bland de anställda samt hur de hanterar utmaningarna kring den.

    Metod:​ Vi har valt att använda den kvalitativa metoden för att samla information. I vår kvalitativa forskningsmetod har vi använt oss utav semistrukturerade intervjuer bestående av öppna frågor med ledningen för att förstå hur de valda företagen arbetar med mångfald.

    Resultat:​ De fyra företag som undersökts i studien har alla sitt sätt att arbeta med den kulturella mångfalden, men inget av företagen har i dagsläget en medveten strategi som specificerar arbetet med kulturell mångfald på en djupare nivå. Därmed hanterar företagen de utmaningar som uppkommer i samband med detta först när diskriminering eller händelser som strider mot jämställdheten uppstår

  • 67.
    Abdulahad, Jennifer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nordling, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Inget vågat, inget vunnet: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i riskbenägenhet mellan män och kvinnor utifrån demografiska faktorer och geografiska områden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: This study aims to examine the factors that influence the individual's different choice of risk level. Demographic characteristics are the underlying factors being analyzed in the study with a special emphasis on geographic factors – this in order to analyze and explain the Swedish individual’s approach to risk. Based on certified private advisers’ perspective, the study will also examine their approach to manage individuals’ risk.

    Purpose: Studying the differences in risk aversion among individuals when making investment decisions, based on demographic factors and geographical areas.

    Theory: The essay’s theoretical framework deals with theories covering behavioral finance, the risk appetite development in individuals at a demographic and geographic way, and an overview of previous research on the subject.

    Method: We conducted a quantitative study in which 340 respondents were asked to answer a survey. We also interviewed three certified counselors from three different banks in Sweden.

    Conclusions: In line with behavioral finance theory, people are not rational when making investment decisions. The study concludes that people in big cities tend to be more risk-averse than people in smaller cities. Sex is shown to be a differentiating factor with men having a higher risk-aversion than women. A higher income and level of education leads to a higher risk attitude and marital status affects the risk appetite where a married person has a higher risk appetite than a person who is single. Age and education, showed to have no relationship to the level of risk.

  • 68.
    Abdulahad, Naim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Akdemir, Liliane
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ekonomistyrning i Sigtuna Kommun: Förbättringsförslag på gymnasieverksamheten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gymnasieskolan är för eleverna en avgiftsfri och frivillig skolform. Kommunerna är skyldiga att erbjuda folkbokförda elever som avslutat grundskolan en gymnasieutbildning. Allt fler väljer dock att läsa på andra skolors kommuner. Elever som väljer att läsa på andra skolor har andra ersättningskostnader. Detta gör det svårt att budgetera för hur fördelningen av resurser blir för året. Sigtuna kommun förväntar sig ett underskott i en av nämnderna under kommunfullmäktige under året. Denna prognos baseras på ett delårsbokslut den sista augusti för Arlandagymnasiet där ett underskott på 2.5 miljoner kronor upptäcktes. Underskottet väntas bli 10 miljoner kronor till årsslutet. 6 Problemet idag börjar när kommunernasövergripande strategier, mål och visioner bryts ned på verksamhetsnivå. En modell för den ekonomiska styrningen inom nämnden är idag avsaknad eller inte fullgod.

    Frågan som ställs i denna uppsats är; hur kan den strategiska ekonomistyrningen för gymnasieverksamheten i utbildnings- och arbetsmarknadsnämnden i Sigtuna kommun förbättras utifrån givna ekonomiska ramar från kommunfullmäktige? KSL(Kommunförbundet Stockholms län) har tagit fram en kalkylmodell för beräkning av programkostnader inom gymnasieskolan. Syftet med modellen är att alla kommuner ska beräkna interkommunala ersättningar på samma sätt. Sigtuna kommunen blandar även den interkommunala ersättningen med anslagen gymnasieledningen får. Dessa ska och bör vara uppdelade då detta inte ger en rättvisande bild, eller något att bygga utifrån enligt gymnasiechefen. Det främsta styrverktyget de använder sig av är budgeten, som man enligt kommunallagen måste upprätta. Ett förslag är att använda sig av riktade resultatkrav ibudgetarbetet, detta vilket ger en bättre överblick över vilka enheter som behöver komma i ekonomisk balans. Ett annat förslag är att jobba mer med fler nyckeltal som implementeras och följs upp på verksamhetsnivå.

  • 69.
    Abdullahi, Abdi Isamail
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Does Export Diversification Boosts Economic Growth in Sub SaharanAfrica Countries?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Growth induced export has become a major concern for policy makers to transform and upgrade the export composition to achieve economic growth objectives; in this respect, export diversification become at the heart of growth induced export narrative. Nevertheless, this study attempts to find relationship between export diversification and economic growth. To investigate this relationship, a cross-section method is used with averaged data from the period 1991 to 2009 of 41 sub Saharan Africa countries; moreover, diagnostic tests were conducted to ensure the robustness of the model. The empirical result of this study shows positive correlation between export diversification and economic growth which can be concluded that export diversification promotes economic growth.

  • 70.
    Abdulrasul, Zahraa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bråktal, decimaltal och procent: En kvalitativ studie om hur sambandet mellan bråktal, decimaltal och procent undervisas i årskurs 4-62017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how the connection between fractions, decimals and percent are taught in grade 4-6 with more focuson the fractions. The empirical data was obtained by qualitative methods comprising interviews with four mathematic elementary school teachers, in addition to two observations with two classrooms in grade 6. The data presented is from one school. The theoretical framework is based on Liping Ma profound understanding of fundamental mathematics and theories of subject didactic concepts of Kilborn, Löwing, Karlsson & Kilborn and MacIntosh. The results of the interviews and observations show that the connection between fractions, decimals and percent is being taught without illuminating how the mentioned are connected. The aspect of fractions, which has been taught to show the relation between fractions and decimals, was division as metaphor. While there was no aspect of fractions has been taught to show the relation between it and percent except that a percent is a hundredth. Such as 40% is equal with 40/100. In addition, fractions has been taught by using visual aids, but never taught by using number line. In conclusion the connection between fractions, decimals and percent has not been related clearly with basic concept fractions.

  • 71.
    Abdulrasul, Zahraa
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Variabelbegreppet i matematik: En kvalitativ studie om hur variabelbegreppet sammankopplas med andra matematiska områden såsom algebraiska uttryck i undervisningen för årskurs 4-62018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how elementary school teachers use conceptual understanding in the teaching of the variable concept, namely, how these teachers connect the variable concept with other areas of mathematics, such as algebraic expressions. 

    The empirical data was obtained by qualitative methods comprising interviews with five mathematic elementary school teachers. In addition three observations in three classrooms were made; one observation is in grade 4 and the other two are in grade 6.The theoretical framework is based on Kilpatrick et al. (2001) theories: conceptual understanding, strategic competence and procedural fluency. Furthermore the theory of representations of Bergsten et. al (1997) and Persson (2010) were used in the theoretical framework.

    The results of this study show that none of the five participating teachers connects the variable concept to other areas of mathematics, such as algebraic expressions. However, two of them mention the variable concept in equations, problem-solving, algebraic expressions and shapes, but without explaining the meaning of the variable concept or how that concept is used and integrated into these mentioned areas of mathematics. Furthermore the study shows that the other three participating teachers mention the variable only to one to two areas of mathematics. These areas are problem- solving and shapes. These teachers do not explain how the variable concept is used in the mentioned areas of mathematics, but they focus on how the calculation will be performed to solve the data they used. The participating teachers do not use any representations to explain the variable concept and how it’s connected to the other areas of mathematics. In conclusion, the variable concept was not explained and its connection to other mathematical areas was not addressed, which due to the absence of usage of conceptual understanding in teaching the variable concept.

  • 72.
    Abdulwahab, Farah
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ledarskap i klassrummet: Demokratiskt eller auktoritärt2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to examine how teachers view their leadership, how leadership is used and developed, and what kind of perceptions teachers have of leadership and how it is important to their students.

    My questions are: 

    • In what ways can the teachers develop their leadership?
    • In what ways can the teachers make use of leadership in the classroom?
    • What do the teachers in the study consider to be a good leadership?
    • What do the teachers inte the study think of their leadership and its´ importance to students?

    The study uses a qualitative research method and consists of interviews with four teachers working in a school south of Stockholm. The results of the study shows that teachers´ leadership in the classroom has a significance for students´ learning and development. The teachers´style of leadership should not be static and should be adapted to students´development level. The results also shows that teachers´ leadership in the classroom is about various tasks. The conclusions are that the teacher in her/his leadership needs to be democratic and allow students to affect the activities in the classroom, but also use an authoritarian leadership to get an effective classroom.

  • 73. Abe, Sarah Krull
    et al.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Roberts, Bayard
    Richardson, Erica
    Abbott, Pamela
    Rotman, David
    McKee, Martin
    Changing patterns of fruit and vegetable intake in countries of the former Soviet Union2013In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 16, no 11, p. 1924-1932Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Abed, Lara
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Konsten att påverka elever genom motivation: En studie om yttre och inre motivationens användande2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine which strategies do elementary school teachers use to motivate their students to read, and what strategies do teachers and students consider to be the most effective: Internal or external motivation. The methods for collecting data have been observations, interviews and webpages, and thud the study contains both quantitative and qualitative elements. The result of the current study showed that teachers used both inner and outer motivations to motivate students with intention of adapting teaching to the students' needs and conditions as mentioned in the curriculum.The results also displayed that students are motivated by both external and internal motivation, for example, inner motivation was created when students experienced responsibility for their learning, while external motivation was when students learning involved reward and assessment.

  • 75.
    Abed, Lara
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Utvecklingens kärna, återkoppling: En studie om återkopplingens fyra nivåer i två grundskolor2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how feedback on written texts is given at secondary school level in the subject of English, and what effects the different feedback methods provide. The purpose is also to investigate what level of student texts the teacher mainly focuses on when providing feedback: the task level, the metacognitive level, the process level or the personal level. The essay is based on interviews, observations and content analysis of teachers' comments. The result showed that the motivations behind the methods, as well as the methods themselves, were similar between institutions and educators. The preferred method of communicating the feedback was to do it in writing, rather than orally. Finally, the results displayed that teachers combine giving feedback at a task-level, a process level, a metacognitive level, and a personal level.

  • 76.
    Abed, Rood
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Olsson, Saga
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Goodwillnedskrivningar: En studie avseende ledningens handlingsfrihet och opportunistiska goodwillnedskrivningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien avser att undersöka om det går att påvisa ett samband mellan goodwillnedskrivningar och företagets ekonomiska utveckling, företagsledningens incitament och företagets bolagsstyrning bland bolag i Sverige. Då den svenska bolagsstyrningsmodellen och ägarstrukturen skiljer sig från den anglosaxiska, syftar studien även till att utvärdera om utfallen i denna studie avviker från en tidigare genomförd studie i Storbritannien och om avvikelserna kan hänföras till just skillnaderna i ländernas ägarstruktur och bolagsstyrning.  

    Metod: Metoden är en replikering av en tidigare studie. Vi har använt oss av en kvantitativ metod, med deduktiv ansats. Studiens primära analysmodell är en Tobitregressionsanalys. Empirin är hämtad från databasen FactSet samt manuell granskning av årsredovisningar. Studien baserar sig på samtliga noterade bolag på Nasdaq Stockholm per den 1 oktober 2018 för åren 2015, 2016 och 2017. Detta resulterade i ett totalt urval om 330 bolag och 990 observationer. Efter bortfall baserat på olika förbehåll uppgick det slutliga urvalet till 408 observationer, varav 74 med och 334 utan rapporterade goodwillnedskrivningar.

    Slutsatser: Studien fann inget statistiskt säkerställt samband mellan företagets ekonomiska utveckling och goodwillnedskrivningar. Däremot tyder studien på att de bolag vars bokförda värde på eget kapital överstiger dess marknadsvärde redovisar goodwillnedskrivningar i större utsträckning. Vad gäller företagsledningens incitament till att manipulera resultatet så visade studien på ett signifikant samband mellan VD-byten och goodwillnedskrivningar. Detta indikerar att en nytillsatt VD använder sig av resultatmanipulering för egen vinning. Vi fann inget signifikant samband mellan företagens bolagsstyrningsmekanismer och nedskrivning av goodwill. Utfallen i den tidigare studien, som baserar sig på bolag i Storbritannien, skiljer sig markant från utfallen i vår studie. Detta skulle kunna förklaras av att ägarstrukturen och bolagsstyrningsprinciperna skiljer sig åt mellan länderna.

  • 77. Abels, Gabriele
    et al.
    Braun, Kathrin
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Gender studies.
    Feministisch-politologische Perspektiven auf Biomedizinpolitik: Einleitung2003In: Österrreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, ISSN 1615-5548, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    PolitologInnen sind in der gegenwärtigen kontroversen Debatte zur Biomedizinpolitik sowohl mit wissenschaftlichen Analysen als auch als ExpertInnen in einschlägigen Beratungsgremien erstaunlich abwesend. Dabei könnte die Politikwissenschaft mit ihren unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen wichtige Beiträge zur Erforschung von Biomedizinpolitik leisten. Für das Fehlen kann ein Bündel von Faktoren identifiziert werden, von der Spezifik des Politikfeldes über methodologische und theoretische Orientierungen der Politikwissenschaft bis hin zu wissenschaftspolitischen Motiven. Ein zentraler Grund ist die Überschneidung dreier Themen- und Problemfelder, die im politikwissenschaftlichen Mainstream tendenziell als außerpolitisch gelten und/ oder in unzureichender Weise theoretisch erfasst sind: Körper, Ethik und Naturwissenschaften/ Technologie. Feministische Politikwissenschaft ist in verschiedener Hinsicht für die Analyse von Biomedizinpolitik besser gerüstet, da sie mit der Analyse von Körperpolitik und mit normativen Fragen Erfahrungen hat.' (Autorenreferat)

  • 78.
    Abeshi, Flavja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Mortimer, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Situationsanpassat ledarskap inom kunskapsföretag: En studie inom läkemedelsbranschen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva ledarskapet i kunskapsintensiva företag med avseende på hur den situationsanpassade ledarskapsmodellen påverkat utformningen av deras interna chefsprogram och vad det finns för stöd för cheferna i deras ledarroll. Studien är baserad på en fallstudie av tre stycken läkemedelsföretag där vi intervjuat totalt nio personer, en HR- ansvarig och två mellanchefer på respektive företag. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer där det är intervjusvaren som ligger till grund för resultatet. I studien framkom det att alla tre företagen använder situationsanpassat ledarskap men att de tillämpar detta på olika sätt i organisationen och att ledningen och företaget använder modellen när de ska anpassa sig efter individen och situationen. En kunskapsintensiv organisation kännetecknas av självgående individer som kan vara svåra att styra och därför är det viktigt att en chef kan hantera detta och anpassa sin ledarstil utifrån den enskilda individens behov. Utifrån analysen visade det sig att respondenterna ser situationsanpassat ledarskap som något som återkommer i allt ledarskap.

  • 79.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Brinner "förorten"?: Om sociala konflikter i Botkyrka och Huddinge2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bil- och containerbränder, stenkastning mot bussar, brand i en skola och en nedbrunnen restaurang. Så var läget i Botkyrka och Huddinge under några dagar i maj 2013. Det talades om kaos, ungdomsgäng, och attacker av högerextrema grupper. Det gjordes jämförelser med händelserna i Husby som startat två dagar tidigare. Civilsamhället reagerade snabbt och nattvandringar med föräldrar och andra vuxna organiserades. Myndigheternas krisberedskap var inte utvecklad och det hela uppfattades ibland som ”en blixt från klar himmel”. Poliskårens dubbla uppgift i form av närpolisens välvilliga kontakt och kravallstyrkornas repression väckte starka reaktioner som personal på ungdomsgårdarna fick hantera, och sedan uppmanades att inte tala om.

    Vilka lärdomar kan vi dra av dessa händelser? Hur kan begreppet ”förort” ge kunskap om civilsamhället i bred bemärkelse?

    I detta vittnesseminarium Brinner ”förorten”? berättar aktörer som var direkt inblandade vad de såg och hur de uppfattade händelserna på lokal nivå.

  • 80.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Longing and hope: The present and future for young Moldovan women2014In: Post-Communist Transition and Women's Agency in Eastern Europe / [ed] Cynthia Simmons, Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    När blev vården marknad?: Vittnesseminarium i Almedalen2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Jag letade efter en mordängel och jag hittade en prislista.” Orden är journalisten Marciej Zarembas, en av deltagarna på det vittnesseminarium om vårdens marknadisering som hölls i Almedalen sommaren 2013 och som återges i denna skrift.

    Marciej Zaremba, som hittat närmare 2 500 virtuella avtal och en modell av företagsliknande styrformer inom den offentliga vården, är övertygad om att prislistor, beting och vårdgarantier styckar upp vården i moment och diagnoser utan hänsyn till faktisk tid och resursåtgång, hänsyn till patentens behov eller vårdens kvalitet och utgång.

    En annan av seminariedeltagarna, Klas Eklund, professor i nationalekonomi, menade istället att problemen handlade om patienters bristande valfrihet, statens ekonomiska problem och dåliga styrsystem i vården. De skulle lösas genom att vården drevs som ett företag med interndebitering och prislistor. Där skulle personalens initiativ kunna tas till vara och den solidariska sjukvårdsmodellen försvaras.

  • 82.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    "Som en i familjen": invandrade kvinnor i turkiska hushåll2013In: Arbete & Jämställdhet: Förändringar under femtio år / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Kirsti Niskanen, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2013, p. 133-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The republic of Moldova: Prostitution and trafficking in women2006In: International Approaches to Prostitution: Law and Policy in Europe and Asia / [ed] Geetanjali Gangoli & Nicole Westmarland, Bristol: Policy Press, 2006, p. 91-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Världens mest jämställda land?2014In: Det långa 1990-talet: när Sverige förändrades / [ed] Ivarsson Westerberg, Anders, Waldemarson, Ylva, Östberg, Kjell, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, 1, p. 319-351Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Young Moldovan Women at the Crossroads: Between Patriarchy and Transnational Labour Markets2014In: The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender / [ed] Götz, Norbert, Huddinge: Södertörn University , 2014, p. 269-289Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Tweens konstruerar identitet online: flickors och pojkars erfarenheter av sociala medier2013In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, no 1/2, p. 10-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Tweens negotiating identity online2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholm University.
    Tweens negotiating identity online: Swedish girls and boys write about their online experiences2013In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 951-969Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Abid, Fatima
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    ”Jag kommer aldrig säga att jag är svensk”: En kvalitativ studie kring sex elevers förhållning till sin flerspråkighet och hur den har påverkat synen på dem själva och deras identitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how six students who attend a high school relate to their multilingualism and emphasize how their multilingualism has affected their views of themselves and their identity. The fundamental questions were:

    • How do six students who attend a secondary school relate to their multilingualism?
    • How has students' multilingualism affected their views of themselves and their identity?

    I did use a qualitative research method in terms of interviews to receive answers for my inquiries.

    Carla Jonsson (2010) speaks inter alia about “the third space” which concerns adolescents creating a “third room”. Almqvist (2006) believes that adolescents that are exposed to discrimination and prejudices can lead to them turning their backs on society in disappointment. Boyd (1985) has, in his thesis, found that multilingual students communicate with the majority language and with their mother tongue with their parents. Sjöqvist & Lindberg (1996) believe that people gain access to other cultures through their multilingualism which leads to new ways of thinking.

    The result of my investigation showed that the informants were in favor of their multilingualism and they see it as a benefit. The informants have created their own identity by combining their homeland’s language with the majority language. They see themselves as a resource for the society.

  • 90.
    Abo Shkir, Buthaina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rydqvist, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    CSR och de fyra storbankerna: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av storbankernas CSR-kommunikation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problematization: The demands of CSR have increased in both Sweden and the rest of the world. A sector which has during the 2000s increased its commitment to CSR issues is the banking industry. Banks have a great economic importance for society, but also a great importance for sustainability and social development. Banks are active in socially responsible companies and are inclined to report information about their CSR activities. Despite this, banks have not had a great attention in the field of CSR research compared to other sectors. Few studies within CSR have also been longitudinal.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how the four largest Swedish banks Handelsbanken, SEB, Nordea and Swedbank have presented their CSR activities during 2000-2010.

    Research question: How have the CSR activities been formed within the four largest banks in Sweden between the years 2000-2010?

    Method: For this study has a qualitative content analysis of the four largest banks annual reports and sustainability reports during 2000-2010 been conducted. In the content analysis, emerging coding has been used where categories were developed after an examination of the empirical material. The content was divided into four themes: stakeholders, environment, ethics and philanthropy.

    Result and conclusion: The result in this study shows that the banks have presented CSR activities in similar areas which are stakeholders, environment, ethics and philanthropy. All the banks had extended their responsibilities and had an active participation in CSR issues during 2000-2010. The differences between their CSR activities are mostly when they developed them, but in the end the banks have tended to be similar in their CSR.

  • 91.
    Aboubakri, Shahla
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetsprocessen inom organisationen:En kvalitativ studie ur ett genusperspektiv2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality within an organization is the main theme of this essay. The purpose is to examine gender equality and gender distribution within NA, that is a multicultural organization with a long history. The study comprises of in-depth interviews, and observations. These were made to elucidate the work on gender equality within the organization. I, then, developed this survey-analysis based on theoretical perspectives of gender equality, gender, diversity, as well as attitudes, plus earlier research on gender equality objectives. My results show that NA has no gender equality objectives, but they consider that equality already exists in the organization.

  • 92.
    Abraham, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är ju bara retorik!: Intention eller effekt, i relation med Perelman2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That´s mere rhetoric! Rhetoric, which always occurs in discourses where questions of ethics is important, has since ancient times been accused of being an immoral and a value-neutral art that seduces people with flattery and what they want to hear with no interest in presenting the truth to the audience. Plato's condemnation of this practice was tough and Plato's works Gorgias and Faidros have since represented the relationship between rhetoric and philosophy; rhetoric that is described as the semblance of an art [pseudos] while philosophy stands as the search for truth. In my work I want to present the relationship between rhetoric and ethics by reading Charlotte Jørgensen and Barbara Cassin interpretations of Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrecht-Tyteca, and examine the consequences of this approach may have for rhetorical criticism.

  • 93.
    Abraham, Simona
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Bjerstedt, Victoria
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Det våras för uppror: Om bevakningen av Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen år 2011 i Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie om den svenska dagstidningsrapporteringen om inledningen av den arabiska våren i Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen under år 2011. Vår utgångspunkt är de tolv klassiska nyhetsvärderingsteorierna, med tyngd på geografisk, kulturell och ekonomisk närhet.

    Uppsatsen syfte är att få bättre kännedom om likheterna och skillnaderna i den svenska rapporteringen från de tre länderna Tunisien, Egypten och Libyen. Vi undersöker två veckor för varje land i Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet. Vi har valt att se tidningarna som en gemensam portal för den svenska internationella mediebevakningen.

    Vi har gjort en kvantitativ undersökning, när rapporteringen av upproren började, hur den såg ut och vilka källor man valde att lyfta fram. Vi valde också att göra en mindre kvalitativ intervjuundersökning för att förstå förhållandena för de svenska utrikesreportrarna. Resultatet av analysen visar många likheter mellan länderna. Majoriteten av källorna var andra nyhetsbyråer. Största skillnaden var hur man skapade närhet till händelserna i de olika länderna. I Egypten så fokuserade journalisterna mer på att lyfta fram svenskarna i upproret och att ta upp vardagsproblem som publiken kunde identifiera sig med, till exempel att maten började ta slut i butikerna eller känslan över att demokratiska rättigheter var hotade. Tunisiens rapportering var mer folkorienterad medan artiklarna om Libyen hade mer fokus på elitpersoner. Den arabiska våren påverkade resten av världen både ekonomiskt och politiskt vilket gav ett högt nyhetsvärde i tidningarna.

  • 94.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Österberg, Helena
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Bevingad service?: En fallstudie av företaget Ving och dess kunder2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to compare if a charter company's attitude and vision of service can be reconciled with the attitudes and visions that the customers have in the same area. In order to carry out the study a qualitative approach is used. The data has been collected by interviews, focus groups and observations. The framework is theories on the subject of customer satisfaction, quality of service at customer meetings, Self-Service technologies, quality assurance and gap in service.

    The study has concluded that the approach to service is relatively equal between the company and customers, but the future visions differ. Focus group participants have been thinking bigger and further into the future, while the company focuses more on specific functions. A service feature that is demanded by both the company and the customers are the development of apps to mobile phones.

  • 95.
    Abrahamsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Pang, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Applicerbarheten i Modigliani och Millers teorem 50 år senare: en empirisk studie av svenska och amerikanska företag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att testa Modigliani och Millers teorem i praktiken, samt undersöka om svenska och amerikanska företags val av kapitalstruktur har någon påverkan på deras företagsvärde och avkastning på eget kapital.

    Uppsatsen har använt sig av en kvantitativ ansats där regressionsanalys och hypotesprövning har utförts för att mäta sambandet mellan variablerna.

    Franco Modigliani och Merton Millers teorem om kapitalstruktur visade att valet av finansiering har betydelse för ett företags värde. Ett företag finansierat med skulder blir på grund av skattereduktioner högre värderat än ett obelånat företag.  

    Svenska företag visar ett relativt starkt samband mellan skuldsättningsgrad och P/BV till skillnad från de amerikanska där det inte förekommer ett samband. Både de svenska och amerikanska företagen visade ett klart samband mellan skuldsättningsgraden och avkastning på eget kapital, samt ett samband mellan företagsvärde och avkastning på eget kapital.

     

  • 96.
    Abrahamsson, Hilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Björkman, Felix
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Den digitala generationen: En surveyundersökning om ungdomars nyhetsvanor och förtroende för medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a quantitative survey of young people's news habits and trust in media. Our main points mainly concern how and how often young people consume news, and what confidence they have in different news sources. The result shows that half of the 126 respondents are consuming news every day. Social media is the respondents main source of news, and they think it's easiest to get news from there. At the same time, it appears that the surveyed people have low confidence in social media as a news source, compared to traditional media such as television, radio and newspapers, that only a few of the respondents use as main sources for news. We discuss how this outcome may affect journalism in the future, as the new generation of media- and news-consumers choose new media in front of traditional ones.

  • 97.
    Abrahamsson, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Mora, Richard
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Högutbildade ekonomistudenters minskade intresse för eget företagande: En studie av Företagsekonomistudenter på Södertörns Högskola2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    To benefit the economic growth of a country, it is important for the inhabitants to make the decision to become business owners. Sweden today, apart from the rest of Europe, is facing a growing problem. The numbers of companies are growing, but the numbers of company owners are not. As a result of this, the employment is not able to develop under the same conditions, when the opportunities of employment decrease. Research shows, that the interest for owning a company among the Swedish youth has increased. However, it has not increased amongst the young and highly educated people. During a time where the numbers of college educated people are increasing and to that, the long-term educational programs are becoming more common, this becomes a serious problem for the future of Sweden. Among the young and highly educated there are the business graduates, which in theory are considered to possess the knowledge it takes to become the company owners of the future.

    The aim with this thesis is to, with a quantitative study, analyze the entrepreneurial propensity among highly educated business students. To fulfil the aim we will investigate five different variables; gender, family background, ethnical background, knowledge and experience and experienced risk. To collect this information we are searching for both quantitative and qualitative information.

    The implemented survey of 77 highly educated business students at Södertörns University College shows that the entrepreneurial propensity amongst the students is low. A difference can be seen between the students that are positive and the students that are negative to starting their own business. Amongst the students that are positive one can see that the propensity is higher in the variables of knowledge and experience and experienced risk. Furthermore, the results of the survey research show that family background and ethnical background have the least relevance to the entrepreneurial propensity.

    The conclusion explains the underlying factors that show that the reason why highly educated business students choose to become an employee rather then starting their own business is their low entrepreneurial propensity. What affects the students low entrepreneurial propensity and therefore their choice not to start their own business is the lack of knowledge in the area, both theoretical and practical. A larger practical knowledge leads to a decrease in the experienced risk relating to starting a business, which is the second important factor to why students choose employment rather than a business of their own.

  • 98.
    Abrahamsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    En utvärdering av synthesizern OP-1 utifrån ett användbarhetsperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on results given from usability testing of the synthesizer OP-1 developed by the company Teenage Engineering. The study has involved potential end users during the development process and aims only to look at the first experience the user gets from the interaction with the synthesizer. The meaning of the usability tests is to find out how the user can understand how to use OP-1, how intuitive the different modes are and how this affects the initial user experience.

    Nine people, out of a total amount of fourteen asked, participated in these usability tests. The selection of participants is based on their previous knowledge and experience of synthesizers. The theoretical frame of reference includes Jonas Löwgren and Erik Stoltermans theories of use qualities and are combined with chosen parts of Donald Normans ” Seven Stages of Actions as Design Aids”.

    The shown results indicate that the users quickly understand how to use the basic modes and features of the synthesizer. All of the participated users think OP-1 is entertaining, finds the design of OP-1 attractive and appriciates its portability, in which they see potential for both travelling and live performances. The users do not always fully understand the graphical elements but reckon that it is not always necessary to, neither in the display, nor on the buttons, since this clearifies after further usage. The users show some difficulties interacting with functions such as the pattern sequencer and some editing in tape mode. The users also sometimes show difficulties determining which mode the synthesizer is in.

    All of the usability tests were performed on a pre beta version of the OP-1. The final version of the synthesizer has been updated with changes influenced by the results of this report.

     

  • 99.
    Abrahamsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Gullberg Husberg, Deseré
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Hon är min" ... fast egentligen inte: En komparativ genusanalys av fyra karaktärer i Sookie Stackhouse Series2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comparative analysis between two books from the Sookie Stackhouse series by Charlaine Harris. We chose to work with book 1 - Dead Until Dark and book 10 - Dead in the Family. Our analysis is based on a gender perspective, using the litterature we present in previous research and theory. The aim for the thesis was to examine how gender and sexuality is portrayed in the books. In addition, we have looked at how the books represent gender norms in society through their characters and if named characters change throughout the series. We have applied comparative analysis and Nikolajeva's scheme on stereotypical males and females in litterature. We chose to analyse the four main characters - Sookie, Bill, Eric and Sam. In our analysis we discuss how the balance of power between the characters is portrayed as well as their gender and sexuality in relation to each other.

    Our analysis indicate that the characters are mainly portrayed with stereotypical gender norms and the comparison between the two books shows us no or very little development of named norms. Moreover, we observed that Sookies female gender is portrayed in relation to the three male characters, Bill, Eric and Sam. In addition, the male characters gender is also described in relation to the female character. Our analysis through Nikolajeva´s scheme depicts the characters in all categories of stereotypical gender roles. Sookie could often be categorized as a normative female whilst Bill and Eric in majority were categorized as normative males. Sams character was the only one to portray both female and male characteristics. This was depicted in both books. Further more, the male genders were portrayed similar in both books although the characters were mentioned more regularly in book 1 compared to book 10. Conclusively, we discussed how the books can be used in class to teach about gender, sexuality and norms. Lastly, we stressed what the positive and negative outcomes for teachers may be and what we think is important in class not to emulate stereotypical gender roles.

  • 100.
    Abrzid, Muhamad
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Godstransport mellan kvalitets- och priskonkurrens2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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