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  • 401.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The choice of parliamentary EU scrutiny mechanisms in new EU member states2009In: The European Union and the Baltic States: changing forms of governance / [ed] Bengt Jacobsson, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 121-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 402.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The Finnish presidential elections: An office in transition2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Baltic Worlds http://balticworlds.com/an-office-in-transition/, no 26 januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 403.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Utmaningar väntar Sannfinländarna2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 404.
    Kalingas Ruin, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Does democracy have an effect on a nation's ability to achieve economic growth?: An empirical analysis of the relationship between deomcracy and growth2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rate of economic growth varies extensively between different countries. The underlying reasons to the differences are dissimilarities in productivity and efficiency, which in turn seem to be affected by factors such as the institutional setup, the rate of economic freedom, the level of human and social capital, corruption and interpersonal trust.This thesis investigates the relationship between economic growth and the level of democracy in developing countries, as a well-functioning democracy to a large extent corresponds to an inclusive institutional setup. The empirical investigation is conducted with a regression analysis. Using secondary data from acknowledged organizations and institutes, possible factors that may affect average GDP per capita growth are examined. The estimations included in the regression are democracy, foreign direct investment, education expectancy, initial GDP per capita, population growth rate, life expectancy, corruption, Rule of Law and Internet users. The empirical result shows that democracy has no significant effect on growth, but suggests that the effect might be indirect since factors such as good maintenance of Rule of Law, low level of corruption, high interpersonal trust, a high level of economic freedom and enhanced property rights are empirically proven to correspond to well functioning institutions. This result is in accordance with previous research and seems to support the idea that a good institutional setup is important for economic growth.

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    EconomicGrowthDemocracy
  • 405.
    Karlsson, Dennie
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Styr partiledaren?: En Interaktionistisk Studie i Mona Sahlins Partiordförandeskap2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to study and outline the factors governing political leadership at the party leader level, and to conclude to what extent a party leader rules and to what extent the party leadership is contextually determined. The theories used are based on Elgie's interactionistic study of political leadership and Stewart's organisational model of leadership as well as political culture.

    Thus, the questions raised are if the leader leads or if the leader follows; if the leadership environment is formed by the leader or if it is, merely, implemented on the leader; and what a model of the political leadership consist of? To answer these questions a text analysis comparing Sahlin’s speeches to the party’s political programme is used as well as in-depth interviews with members of the Board of Party.

    The conclusion shows that the leadership is contextually framed, but the leader is free to implement his or her ambitions within that frame as long as it is coherent to the party line.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 406.
    Karlsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Darnay, Christopher
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Varför uppstår temporära priskrig: En spelteoretisk anlays av den svenska bensinmarknaden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats förklarar ur ett spelteoretiskt perspektiv varför det uppstår temporära priskrig på bensinmarkanden. För att kunna förklara detta fenomen måste först jämviktspriset definieras. Detta förklarats genom tillämpning av prissättningsteorin Bertrand. Teorin bekräftas genom verkliga observationer av jämviktspriset. Vidare för att kunna ur ett spelteoretiskt perspektiv analysera fram varför aktörer väljer att avvika från det rådande jämviktspriset måste aktörerna identifieras samt deras agerande märkas.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 407.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    9/11 and the Design of Counterterrorism Institutions2012Book (Refereed)
  • 408.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    ‘An Institution is Born’: The Formation of a Lithuanian Counter-Terrorism Institution after 9/112009In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 44, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithuania’s formation of a counter-terrorism institution after 9/11 sheds new light on three premises often associated with the study of institutional formation. First, while the distinction between the creation phase and the operation phase is logical, the appearance of extra-institutional guidance suggests that established institutions within other domains (e.g. military security) can temporarily fill an institutional vacuum (counter-terrorism). Second, the dynamic between agency and structure is readily seen, but in this case it was quite clear that agency was strongly dependent upon changes in some of the structural contexts (threat of terrorism, international institutions, age of the security state). Third, the role of sequencing and timing turned out to be more important than expected. There was a strong temporal order between the sequences of the formation phase and a significant spillover from two contemporary security processes (preparations for NATO membership, reforms of the security state).

  • 409.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Catalina-affären 19522009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 410.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Den norska 22 juli-kommissionens rapport2012In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 216, no 4, p. 120-122Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 411.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Fremtidens stormagter: BRIK'erne i det globale spil: Brasilien, Rusland, Indien og Kina2010In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 440-443Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 412.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Power Disparity and Epistemic Communities: The Paldiski Case2007In: Security strategies, power disparity and identity: the Baltic Sea region / [ed] Olav F. Knudsen, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007, p. 73-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 413.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Spionen som åkte ut i kylan2007In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 414.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Statsråd vacklar i säkerhetsfrågor2007In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 26 juli, p. A5-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 415.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The formation of a Lithuanian counter-terrorism institution after 9/11.2008In: Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review, ISSN 1392-5504, Vol. 21, p. 38-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article provides a consistent analysis of institutional changes, takes by Lithuania in the wake of terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. The author rises three premise associated with the study of institutional formation. The author concludes that there was a strong temporal order between the sequences of the formation phase and a significant spill over from two contemporary security processes: preparations for NATO-membership and reforms of the security state.

  • 416.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    USA sätter fingret på våra brister2010In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 8 december, p. 5-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 417.
    Kavak, Gulistan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Terapiskolan för barn med psykosociala problem: En uppföljning på Liljanskolan om vad barnens vårdnadshavare tycker om barnens utveckling Södertörns högskola2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study by Gulistan Kavak has been done about the therapy school, Liljanschool. The school handles children between the ages seven and twelve who suffer from psychosocial problems. These psychosocial problems may be the children’s’ experiences of psychological trauma, attachment-difficulties and anxiety. Therapists, teachers, educators and medical professionals work at Liljanschool. 

    The purpose of this thesis is to see how parents see their children’s’ development at the school from there very first day until there last. Three questions have been formulated: How do parents of the children understand the development of the therapy that Liljanschool contributes with? How do the parents think that the school situation has been for their children? Do the school staff´s views and the parent´s views differ regarding cooperation between staff, parents and children?

    I have done a qualitative study.  In-depth interviews were conducted with the staff of the school and the children’s parents. The results show that the majority of respondents were positive about the school. The analysis shows that through the extension-theory, the children and parents have developed together. The children’s’ behaviour has changed in a positive way.

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    terapiskolan
  • 418.
    Khan, Ivan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Holmström, Maja
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Att hjälpa är att lära": En kvalitativ studie om betydelsen av socialt stöd för ensamkommande flyktingungdomar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year a great amount of unaccompanied children flee their homelands without their parents or guardians. This means a journey filled with danger and difficulties. The difficulties don’t only exist during the road ahead but also when the children arrive to the new country. Even if Sweden’s work in receiving refugees is one of the best in the world, it still exist problems. The support work with unaccompanied children is done on different levels in society. The work performed nearest to the individuals takes place at the asylum- permanent residence accommodation where the youth are placed after the decision if they can stay in the country or not. We will in this essay illustrate how the support work with unaccompanied children in the age 13-18 looks like and what effect social support has on the adolescent’s identity development. By visiting two agencies that have asylum- permanent residence accommodation we carried out four interviews with professionals who work on a daily base with the young people. Based on the informant’s narratives and interpretations of the young people’s experiences, we seek to gain knowledge of their situation, both physically and psychologically. We investigated the circumstances behind the feeling of security, how reliance is formed and how social support can help the children’s sense of coherence. We use both crises theory, identity theory and the theory of SOC (sense of coherence) to analyze the informants´ stories. The results of this study show that social support is highly important for a child’s identity development. It is the professional who work on a daily base closely to the children who often symbolize the essence of social support. It’s through their work a safe environment is established and upheld. Identity is shaped through social relationships within groups where solidarity and a mutual confidence exist. We have also acknowledged some deficiencies in the structure of the support work, for example regarding which premises are the young individuals expected to adapt to the Swedish society. The adaption and adjustment has become an obligation for the young individuals rather than for the society.

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    "Att hjälpa är att lära"
  • 419.
    Kim, Chung-Hwan
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Political Personality and Foreign Policy Behavior: A Case Study of Kim Jong-Il and North Korea’s Negotiating Behavior Regarding the Nuclear Issue2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il’s personality and its influence on North Korea’s negotiating behavior regarding the nuclear issue. Through the theory of social identity shaping and personality disorder, this study has generated a hypothesis by the operationalization of the theoretical framework. By using these analytical methods the following conclusions have been drawn:

    Kim Jong-Il had experienced a sense of loss and damaged self-esteem in his childhood. He had tried to compensate for these feelings through the film industry (which served as an ideological tool) in order to regain his father’s affection, and he succeeded in becoming recognized for his political ability. However, he overcompensated for these feelings of low self-esteem by removing his potential political enemies. The experiences made him acquire an idiosyncratic character and personality disorder. This study has found that North Korea’s nuclear negotiations with the United States since 1993 have reflected Kim Jong-Il’s personality.

    The model of the study can be used as a basis for further academic studies in the practical exploration of the correlations between a country’s foreign policy and its leader’s personality.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 420.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Förorten och föreningen: förvandlingen av det lokala2012In: Civilsamhället i samhällskontraktet: en antologi om vad som står på spel / [ed] Filip Wijkström, Stockholm: European civil society press , 2012, 1, p. 55-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 421.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Förorten som symbol2007In: I & M : invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 6, p. 13-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 422.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    In Defence of the Local: the Organizations of 'Everyday life' in the Stockholm Perphery2010In: From Linnaeus to the future(s) - letters from afar / [ed] Sven E O Hort, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press , 2010, p. 53-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 423.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Rörelsen är i förorten2011In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 6, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 424.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Social exkludering i Stockholm och den områdesavgränsade strategin för remobilisering2007In: Arkiv för studier i arbetarrörelsens historia, ISSN 0345-0333, no 96/97, p. 40-65Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 425. Kislitsyna, Olga
    et al.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vliyanie sotsialnoi podderzhki na zdorove Moskvichei: [Social support impact on Moscow inhabitants' health]2008In: Sociologiceskie issledovaniâ, ISSN 0132-1625, no 4, p. 81-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Impact by social factors on Moscow inhabitants' health" looks into relationships between actual health conditions and the levels of respective individual social capital on the basis of a sociological study among Moscow inhabitants carried out in the spring of 2004. The above relationships have been measured by means of following indices: social networks and informal social supports; degree of trust to institutions of the Russian state or to human beings in general; actual membership of individuals involved in voluntary non-government organizations. However, an outstanding role belongs to possibility to maintain contacts with the closest relatives, or family members.

  • 426. Kislitsyna, Olga
    et al.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Gilmore, Anna
    McKee, Martin
    The social determinants of adolescent smoking in Russia in 20042010In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 55, no 6, p. 619-626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To determine the prevalence of adolescent smoking in the Russian ederation and examine what factors are associated with it. ata were drawn from Round 13 of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring urvey (RLMS) carried out in 2004. The sample consists of 815 dolescents (430 boys, 385 girls) aged 14-17 years who answered uestions about their health behaviours. moking was more prevalent among boys than girls (26.1 vs. 5.7%). aternal smoking and adolescent alcohol use were associated with smoking mong both sexes. The self-assessment of one's socioeconomic position as nfavourable was associated with girls' smoking, while living in a isrupted family, physical inactivity and having a low level of elf-esteem were predictive of boys' smoking. he family environment appears to be an important determinant of dolescent smoking in Russia. In particular, boys and girls may be odelling the negative health behaviour lifestyles of their parents, ith unhealthy behaviours clustering. Efforts to reduce adolescent moking in Russia must address the negative effects emanating from the arental home whilst also addressing associated behaviours such as lcohol use.

  • 427.
    Kitala, Fatuma S.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Family policy in Lithuania: Changes and problems2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study endeavours to make an analysis of the major issues that Lithuanian families are facing. In doing so, it is the purpose of the research to uncover the changes and problems that have taken place in Lithuanian society since the country gained independence from the Soviet Union. The Lithuanian case will be compared with Tanzania and other eastern and western European countries. This helps to identify and understand problems that Lithuanian society and families with dependent children have been experiencing.

    The current situation of families in Lithuania is based on traditional model, where men are breadwinners and women are the ones who take care of the households. However, families are undergoing changes whereby, dual model support is taking over, especially to young generation. The two models are functioning in the country but majority of the population prefer traditional model. It is observed that, due to changes and difficulties in life, people have no other way than accepting dual model support.

    Families with children are facing problems which hinder them to develop well in life style. Although the family policy in Lithuania provides family benefits to the families which deserve allowances, still children are in danger of lacking proper care and guidance. Families with dependent children have been experiencing poverty at a high rate that the rest of the population. Families with more than three children are more affected than the ones with fewer children.

    The analysis of this study has shown how the issue of unemployment affects the raising of children. Many citizens have lost their jobs due to privatisation although on the other hand, privatization has been proved to increase the economy of the studied countries.

    This study has also shown that women in Lithuania are more disadvantaged than men. Even if women labour force participation is quite high in Lithuania, still there are many problems. Namely, women in Lithuania have lower wages compared to men; there also few women in the decision making bodies and the parliament. Both Lithuanian and Tanzanian governments have taken measures to encourage women to participate in political arena and labour market. Good relationships within the families have proved to be crucial in good bringing up of the children. The responsibility of bringing up the children is also extended to the relatives.

    All in all provision of family benefits is not the only solution but it has to be associated with education to families and community on how to raise children morally, physically and psychologically so that they become responsible adults.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 428.
    Kobba, Zine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cicek, Destine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det delade klassrummet: Det sociala rummets betydelse för särskiljande2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have, after three years of studying at Södertörns University Collage, experienced that there is great division in the classroom between students of foreign origin and ethnically Swedish students. How the students choose to place themselves in the classroom form a pattern on the basis of students’ outer shells. The aim of this study is to understand what impact the student’s social orders has on the position they choose in the classroom. We have done a qualitative study where we have observed different classrooms at Södertörns University College, and also interviewed some students. The results have particularly shown that the students' divisions in the classroom arise from the student’s previous experience with individuals and the student’s solidarity that they feel with their own group. The results have also shown that this pattern that occurs in the classroom is a reproduction of the pattern found in the larger social space, the society. 

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    Det delade klassrummet.
  • 429.
    Korkchi, Sharareh
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Vikström, Mariana
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Internationell terrorism och EU:s säkerhetspolitiska dagordning: en studie i hur internationell terrorism ramats in och prioriterats på EU:s säkerhetspolitiska dagordning efter terrorattackerna den 11 september 20012004Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 430.
    Korolczuk, Elzbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kłopot z NGOizacją: Debata na temat społeczeństwa obywatelskiego w Polsce / The Problem with NGO-ization. The Debate on Civil Society in Poland2011In: Polityka Społeczna, ISSN 0137-4729, Vol. 5-6, p. 37-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a contribution to the on-going discussion concerning factors determining civil society’s development in Poland. It examines contemporary debates on civil society as well as financial mechanisms designed to promote people’s civic engagement in Poland (the EU grants and so called ‘percentage law’ allowing  citizens to support an NGO of their choice with 1 percent of their taxes). Detailed analysis of these mechanisms demonstrates that they are advantageous to some types of non-governmental organizations only, and disadvantageous to others, marginalizing the majority of small and middle-size organizations as well as specific types of claims. As a result, these mechanisms weaken rather than strengthen the development of grassroots spontaneous mobilizations and initiatives.  

  • 431.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ciało-w-ciało z matką: Matki i córki w obiektywie Zorka Project [recension av utställningen] Zorka Project "Matki", Galeria Luksfera, Warszawa, 23.09 - 23.10.20052005In: Obieg, no 10Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 432.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    'Ginealogy': Towards the revival of feminine genealogies in the works of contemporary Polish artists2008In: Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, ISSN 1488-0989, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Luce Irigaray argues, that in order to re-evaluate and revive the feminine in culture we need to turn our attention to relations between women, especially mothers and daughters, and revive “feminine genealogies from oblivion” (1995: 13). In the present text, I scrutinize the works of contemporary Polish artists: Monika Zielińska/Mamzeta and Katarzyna Górny demonstrating strategies they employ to retrace the voices of women and to re-interpret the figures of the mother and daughter. Their art can be viewed as an attempt to transgress the established gender order in a very Irigarayan sense: by bringing up the maternal, and by regaining female genealogies, or even creating “ginealogies” instead—the term referring to the work “Genealogy/ginealogy: The Scar After the Mother” by Monika Zielińska, who replaced the supposedly neutral prefix “gyne” with feminine “gine.” Through the representations of the maternal body: sensual and desiring, but also aging, sick, disabled or dying, entirely new understanding of female subjectivity can be acquired. Female corporeality, also the non-normative that typically exists on the margins of the patriarchal culture is finally placed in the centre. Artists, whose works I discuss struggle to find visual language(s) that would enable the expression of women’s experiences, in line with Irigaray’s idea of reviving women’s language(s) and representations along with enlivening their-story, making an important contribution to the attempts at recovering the female voice, which is still undervalued and forgotten in our culture(s)

  • 433.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    'It', or The Art of Verbal Detail in Henry James’ The Turn of the Screw’2005In: Versions of Modernist Fiction: Henry James and Vladimir Nabokov / [ed] I. Kranz, Berlin: Freie Universität , 2005, p. 36-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 434.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kobiecość jako źródło cierpień: Matki i córki w polskim kinie2009In: Ciało i seksualność w kinie polskim / [ed] Stanislaw Jagielski & Agnieszka Morstin-Poplawska, Krakow: Wyd. UJ , 2009, p. 155-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 435.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Naturalna więź?: Reprezentacje relacji matka-córki w tekstach polskiej kultury popularnej2009In: Kobiety-Feminizm-Demokracja / [ed] Boguslawa Budrowska, Warszawa: Wydawn. IFiS PAN , 2009, p. 43-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 436.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Równość płci – ideologia, utopia czy rzeczywistość? 2010In: Szwecja: Przewodnik nieturystyczny, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Krytyki Politycznej , 2010, p. 203-212Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 437.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Social Construction of Motherhood and Daughterhood in Contemporary Poland: a trans-generational perspective2010In: Polish Sociological Review, ISSN 1231-1413, no 4, p. 467-485Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 438.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Z matki na córkę?: Ku międzygeneracyjnemu modelowi przemian kobiecej tożsamości we współczesnej Polsce2010In: Kobiety w polskiej transformacji 1989-2009: Podsumowania, interpretacje, prognozy / [ed] Monika Frąckowiak-Sochańska & Sabina Królikowska, Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 439.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hryciuk, Renata E.
    University of Warsaw.
    Poland2010In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood / [ed] Andrea O'Reilly, Sage Publications, 2010, p. vol. 3-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 440. Koupil, Ilona
    et al.
    Plavinskaja, Svetlana
    Parfenova, Nina
    Shestov, Dmitri B.
    Danziger, Phoebe Day
    Vågerö, Denny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Cancer mortality in women and men who survived the siege of Leningrad (1941-1944)2009In: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 124, no 6, p. 1416-1421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of Leningrad suffered from severe starvation, coldand psychological stress during the siege in World War II in1941–1944. We investigated the long-term effects of the siege oncancer mortality in 3,901 men and 1,429 women, born between1910 and 1940. All study subjects were residents of St. Petersburg,formerly Leningrad, between 1975 and 1982. One third of themhad experienced the siege as children, adolescents or young adults(age range, 1–31 years at the peak of starvation in 1941–1942).Associations of siege exposure with risk of death from cancer werestudied using a multivariable Cox regression, stratified by genderand period of birth, adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol and socialcharacteristics, from 1975 to 1977 (men) and 1980 to 1982, respectively(women), until the end of 2005. Women who were 10–18 years old at the peak of starvation were taller as adults (ageadjusteddifference, 1.7 cm; 95% CI, 0.5–3.0) and had a higherrisk of dying from breast cancer compared with unexposedwomen born during the same period (age-adjusted HR, 9.9; 95%CI, 1.1–86.5). Mortality from prostate cancer was nonsignificantlyhigher in exposed men. The experience of severe starvation andstress during childhood and adolescence may have long-termeffects on cancer in surviving men and women.

  • 441. Koupil, Ilona
    et al.
    Shestov, Dmitri B.
    Sparén, Pär
    Plavinskaja, Svetlana
    Parfenova, Nina
    Vågerö, Denny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Blood pressure, hypertension and mortality from circulatory disease in men and women who survived the siege of Leningrad2007In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 223-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of Leningrad suffered from severe starvation, cold and psychological stress during the siege in 1941–1944. We investigated long-term effects of the siege on cardiovascular risk factors and mortality in surviving men and women. 3905 men born 1916–1935 and 1729 women born 1910–1940, resident in St Petersburg (formerly Leningrad) between 1975 and 1982, of whom a third experienced the siege as children, adolescents or young adults,were examined for cardiovascular risk factors in 1975–1977 and 1980–1982 respectively and followed till end 2005. Effects of siege exposure on bloodpressure, lipids, body size, and mortality were studied in multivariate analysis stratified by gender and period of birth, adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol and social characteristics. Women who were 6–8 years old and men who were 9–15 years-old at the peak of starvation had higher systolic blood pressure compared to unexposed subjects born during the same period of birth (fully adjusted difference 8.8, 95% CI:0.1–17.5 mm Hg in women and 2.9, 95% CI: 0.7–5.0 mm Hg in men). Mean height of women who were exposed to siege as children appeared to be greater than that of unexposed women. Higher mortality from ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease was noted in men exposed at age 6–8 and 9–15, respectively. The experience of severe stress and starvation in childhood and puberty may have long-term effects on systolic blood pressure and circulatory disease in surviving men and women with potential gender differences in the effect of siege experienced at pre-pubertal age.

  • 442. Koupil, Ilona
    et al.
    Shestov, Dmitri B.
    Sparén, Pär
    Plavinskaja, Svetlana
    Parfenova, Nina
    Vågerö, Denny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Blood pressure in men and women who survived the siege of Leningrad [abstract]2005In: Pediatric Research, ISSN 0031-3998, E-ISSN 1530-0447, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 1103-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 443. Koupil, Ilona
    et al.
    Shestov, Dmitri B.
    Vågerö, Denny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Increased breast cancer mortality in women who survived the siege of Leningrad (1941-1944) [abstract]2007In: Early Human Development, ISSN 0378-3782, E-ISSN 1872-6232, Vol. 83, no Supplement 1, p. S71-S71Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 444.
    Kratz, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur påverkar arbetsplatsegenskaper valet av arbetsplats bland morgondagens akademiker?: En kvantitativ studie om ekonomistudenters preferenser för monetära och icke-monetära arbetsplatsattribut2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines Swedish university students stated preferences for seven job characteristics in choosing where to work. A discrete choice experiment is used to test the students’ utility functions with respect to both pecuniary and non-pecuniary job characteristics. The marginal rates of substitution between income and the six other characteristics are calculated to evaluate what trade-offs the students are willing to make. The study shows that employers should take into account both pecuniary and non-pecuniary characteristics when trying to influence the students’ job choice. The study also shows that there are small differences in the marginal rate of substitution between different subgroups of students. The socioeconomic factors that have the greatest influence on the choice are for how long the person has been studying and the gender of the student.

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  • 445.
    Kratz, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Wetterholm, Åsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Shys metod för att mäta byteskostnader - en kritisk granskning2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis’ objective is to evaluate the recently proposed Shy (2002) approach of estimating consumer switching costs. We apply Shy’s method for estimating switching costs on the Swedish markets for bank deposits and telecommunications. The evaluation has been achieved by comparing estimated results to economic theories, related empirical studies, and our expectations. No strong evidence could be found against the correctness of the calculated switching costs using the Shy approach. It is shown that results obtained by using the Shy approach appeared reasonable in most cases. However it is not found possible to establish whether this is due to the fact that the Shy approach of estimating switching cost is correct or due to contaminated data. Therefore it is not found possible to establish the Shy approach of estimating switching cost as neither incorrect nor correct. Despite these ambiguous results this thesis still contributes to an enhanced knowledge about switching costs and the problems that arouses in the estimation of these costs.

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  • 446.
    Kristianson, Jesper
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Svensson, Johannes
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Psykiatrireformen - från intention till verklighet?: En analys av psykiatrireformens måluppfyllelse2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to examine if the Swedish government’s intentions regarding to the mental health care reform, have been fulfilled. We have classified the intentions into three categories, regulation, financing and responsibility for organizing the policy. The intentions have then been compared with the results of the reform.

    Our theoretical framework starts with a model, developed by Evert Vedung (1998). We use this model as a tool to examine the fulfillment of the mental health care reform. A very important part in the Swedish mental health care reform, are the skeleton laws. The study therefore also gives a presentation of advantages and disadvantages with skeleton laws.

    The result of the study shows that the intentions of the Swedish government have not been fulfilled in the process of implementation. Partly it is because the skeleton laws are vaguely formulated. This can be one explanation for failure. The conclusion of this essay stipulates that the regulation and the responsibility for organizing the policy need to be further specified and explained. Nevertheless the Swedish government’s intention of financing has been succeeded.

    Keywords: LSS, skeleton laws, mental health care reform, responsibility for organizing the policy

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  • 447.
    Kunz, Barbara
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Kind words, cruise missiles and everything in between: A neoclassical realist study of the use of power resources in U.S. policies towards Poland, Ukraine and Belarus 1989–20082010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 448.
    Kunz, Barbara
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Les relations polono-américaines depuis 1989: Varsovie, cheval de Troie des Etats-Unis en Europe?2008In: Le Courrier des pays de l'Est, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Polish-American Relations since 1989 Is Warsaw the United States’ Trojan Horse? Shortly after the end of the cold war (1989), Poland found itself in a radically modified geopolitical environment which obliged it to redefine its foreign policy. In the beginning of the nineties, Warsaw was busy building an “Atlantic consensus”, moving closer to the United States in order to gain NATO membership (1999). These close links between Washington and Warsaw caused some suspicion in Western Europe to the extent that some readily see Poland as the United States’ Trojan Horse, a role given credence by concrete facts, such as the Polish government’s purchase of 48 fighter planes and, in particular, its unreserved deployment of troops on the side of the Americans at the beginning of the Iraq war (2003). After evoking the development of Polish-American relations since 1989, the author of this article questions the validity of the role attributed to Poland, considering that this might require substantial reconsideration in the wake of Warsaw’s disappointment over its “best friend’s” hesitancy to consider Poland an essential player on the European scene on the same basis as, for example, Great Britain

  • 449.
    Kus, Maciej
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    The Role of Religion in Determining Female Labor Force Participation Rates2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at macro level data to measure the influence religion has played on female labor force participation (FLFP) rates between 1980 and 2005. It also attempts to find if this influence has changed over time. It then focuses specifically on African and post-communist nations as that is where some of the major religious changes have taken place in the last few decades. There is no clear pattern of an increasing or decreasing influence of religion on FLFP rates. Rather, different religions in different parts of the world affect FLFP in different ways. Finally, this paper looks specifically at Islamic and Catholic nations to see what variables have an effect on rising FLFP rates in those countries.

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  • 450.
    Laine, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nors, Christine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Barnets bästa: En kritisk granskning av förvaltningsrättens bedömningar då ungdomar döms till tvångsvård enligt 3 § LVU samt en analys av tidigare forskning gällande tvångsvårdens effekter på ungdomar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the administrative court and if they ensure the “child's perspective” when judging youths to compulsory care. This has been studied by reviewing CRC:s guidelines and if the court follows these guidelines and applicable laws in their decisions. The material that have been analyzed consists of six court decisions concerning youth that are convicted pursuant to 3 § LVU. The study also intends to see what effects compulsory care has on youth. The court decisions are analyzed through a critical discourse analysis based on theories of power. Furthermore, previous research is analyzed relating to the child's best interests and the consequences for youth being placed in compulsory care to see what effects it can lead to.

    The study has shown that compulsory care can lead to negative effects for the youth and that the child’s perspective has a multifaceted character which is reflected in the court decisions different interpretations and constructions. The various constructions in the decisions have shown that there seems to be some problems with the interpretation of the law and that the CRC's guidelines are not always used sufficiently. The complexity of decisions shows that the child at times is seen as both as an object and/or a subject. The child's position during the process is therefore a key issue to ensure a legally secure child's perspective.

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    Laine & Nors, C-uppsats, vt12
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