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  • 351.
    Ström, Annika
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Retorik.
    Skrivundervisningens pedagogik hos Johannes Matthiae Gothus: Svensk elementärundervisning under 1600-talets första hälft med fokus på språkinlärning och skrivträning2003Inngår i: Progymnasmata: retorikens bortglömda text- och tankeform : uppsatsantologi från Riksbanksprojektet "Från antikens progymnasmata till den moderna 'skrivprocessen' : grundläggande retorik som text- och tankeform" / [ed] Stina Hansson, Åstorp: Rhetor , 2003, s. 113-136Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 352. Ström, Annika
    Tears for Karin Timansdotter: funeral poems from 16281995Inngår i: A history of Nordic Neo-Latin literature / [ed] Minna Skafte Jensen, Odense: Odense University Press , 1995, s. 281-293Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 353. Ström, Annika
    Tröstens ord: en liten studie i konsten att komponera en tröstedikt2000Inngår i: Språkets speglingar: festskrift till Birger Bergh / [ed] Arne Jönsson, Anders Piltz, Lund: Klassiska institutionen, Lunds Universitet , 2000, s. 222-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 354.
    Ström, Annika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Retorik.
    Åbo – Stockholm: Familjebrev från svenskt 1600-tal2010Inngår i: Finn Finland: riksdel och grannland, från stenålder till idag / [ed] Mats Hellstenius, Stockholm: Historielärarnas förening (HLF) , 2010Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 355.
    Sturén, Ulrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Vägen ur laviner: När pudersnö gör ont - om att leva med smärtan efter en lavin2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med utvecklingen av de breda skidorna har antalet offpiståkare ökat.För många är pudersnö den största frihetskänslan.Men de lätta flingorna bildar en enorm naturkraft som i värsta fall kan innebära döden.Och 17 år gammal snö styr fortfarande livet för en 56-årig kvinna i Varberg.

    Konsten att bedöma laviner är svår.Och eftersom fjällräddningen tar lång tid är det kamraträddning som gäller när olyckan är framme. Sverige har i år fått sina första träningsanläggningar för sökning med lavinsändare,transceivers.För träning är enda sättet att vara förberedd när naturen sagt sitt.

  • 356.
    Sundin, Marie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för språk och kultur.
    Management interculturel: Le managment francais en Suède2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to determine what kind of modifications of the French management style a french expatriated manager has to implement within his company when arriving in Sweden. The purpose is to analyze which role the culture plays in the interactions between the French manager and his Swedish employees. The paper is based on theories of intercultural management established by professor Hofstede but also on more recent studies on the particularities of Swedish management such as the constant seek to attain consensus and to manage by objectives. Other theories conserning french managment style and the intercultural manager have also been used. A deep qualitative study has been effected via interviews with French professionals working in Sweden. It has made it possible to understand which kind of changes in management style that had to be carried through by these expatriated managers in order to better manage in Sweden. The conclusion that has been drawn is that they had to adapt their French management style and in certain ways put in place a more Swedish leadership to better lead the French company in Sweden: the managment became a mix of a French and a Swedish style.

  • 357.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstads universitet.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    National speaking tests in English: Does group size matter?2014Inngår i: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, Vol. 3, s. 29-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 358.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstads universitet.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Speaking about speaking: English teachers' practices and views regarding Part A of the English national test2015Inngår i: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, nr 3, s. 16-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 359. Sveen, Hanna Andersdotter
    "Honourable" or "Highly-sexed": Adjectival Descriptions of Male and Female Characters in Victorian and Contemporary Children's Fiction2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This corpus-based study examines adjectives and adjectival expressions used to describe characters in British children’s fiction. The focus is on diachronic variation, by comparing Victorian (19th-century) and contemporary (late 20th-century) children’s fiction, and on gender variation, by comparing the descriptions of female and male characters. I adopt a qualitative as well as a quantitative approach, and consider factors such as lexical diversity, adjectival density, collocation patterns, evaluative meaning, syntactic function and distribution across semantic domains. Most findings are related to a dichotomy set up between an idealistic and a realistic portrayal of characters. The study shows that an idealistic portrayal of characters is typical of the Victorian material and a realistic portrayal of characters typical of the contemporary material. Further, gender differences are much more pronounced, and reflect traditional gender role patterns more in the Victorian material than in the contemporary material. For instance, a pleasant appearance is typically described for Victorian female characters and social position for Victorian male characters. Moreover, descriptions of mental properties of Victorian female characters are conspicuously rare. Such gendered patterns are less distinct in the contemporary material, although appearance is still more extensively described for female than male characters. As regards how the qualities are attributed to characters, the descriptions of Victorian female characters were found to be the most formulaic compared to the descriptions of Victorian male, contemporary female and contemporary male characters.

  • 360.
    Sveen, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Engelska.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Handledningens vad, hur och varför: interaktionella mönster med fokus på röst2013Inngår i: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, nr 2, s. 87-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Självständiga arbeten har fått en allt mer central roll i svensk högre utbildning, och därför får även handledning av dessa av större betydelse. Trots att det finns viss forskning som rör handledning av självständiga arbeten är det ovanligt med empirisk forskning av själva handledningspraktiken, d v s vad som görs, hur det görs och varför. Vi vill koppla dessa frågor till pedagogiska aspekter som stöttning, perspektivprövning och studentens självständighet. Vi undersöker därför det vi kallar handledningspraktiken vilken utgörs av all interaktion mellan handledare och student. Fokus för den här artikeln ligger dock på handledningssamtal. Genom att använda språkvetenskapliga angreppsätt vill vi belysa ett av de interaktionella mönster som vi har identifierat i handledningssamtalen, nämligen samma persons användning av olika röster. Vi utgår från Bahktins röstbegrepp för att studera hur röst operationaliseras i samtalen och ger dem dialogisk karaktär.

  • 361.
    Svensson, Morgan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Critical responses to Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will revolve around the critical reception of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. The focus will be on three primary sources: firstly, the early critical reception and how the novella was received when it was originally published in 1902, secondly, Chinua's famous critique in 1977 when he called Conrad a racist and condemned both the author and the novella, and thirdly, Said's defence and contextualization of Conrad’s novella in 1992. The essay will explore how the critics have been influenced and from what standpoints they have entered into the debate on Conrad and show how the discussion has changed over time. Furthermore, it will show that the early responses ignore the ‘race’ aspect because ‘race-thinking’ was seen as something natural. It will also explain why Achebe might feel so strongly against Conrad. He is after all fighting for a strong African identity after the colonies gained their independence. Said defends and contextualizes Conrad as a creature of his time. Finally, the essay will discuss and contrast the critics, concluding that each critique is highly influenced by the time-period in which it was written.

  • 362.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Malmö University.
    Applying transnational strategies locally: English as a medium of instruction in Swedish higher education2013Inngår i: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 113-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing student interaction at an international university in Sweden, this article investigates how the transnational strategy of using English as a medium of instruction can be (re)constructed by students in a local context. The analysis focuses on students’ expectations—or norms—for when it is appropriate to use English, and shows that English medium-instruction does not necessarily mean that students speak English all the time. The local language Swedish is used in connection to teaching and students establish local norms for when, how and with whom it is appropriate—or inappropriate—to speak English. A conclusion is that although language choice at the international university is influenced by global factors, it is still firmly a local construction.

  • 363.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Malmö University.
    Global Policies and Local Norms: Sociolinguistic Awareness and Language Choice at an International University2012Inngår i: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, ISSN 0165-2516, E-ISSN 1613-3668, nr 216, s. 87-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of the internationalization of higher education, more and more European university courses are being taught in English. Exchanges between universities have grown, and students from different parts of the world now often study together. What does this international environment look like in linguistic terms? Do students and teaching staff speak only the course language English, or are other languages also used, and if so, in what situations and contexts? These questions are discussed on the basis of an ethnographic study of an English-medium university course in Sweden. Extended examples of interaction show that participants adapt their use of languages to place-bound needs and conditions, giving rise to local norms. The national language Swedish holds a special position, as the first language of the majority and the lecturer. The course language English is dominant as a de facto lingua franca, but local social and linguistic needs and conditions leave room for other languages as well. Overall, course participants orient to three competing principles of language use: (a) English as a lingua franca, (b) the speaker's orientation to her or his own language and (c) the special position of Swedish, as the first language of the majority and the lecturer.

  • 364.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Uppsala universitet.
    Internationalisering i praktiken: språkbruk i två svenska utbildningsmiljöer2010Inngår i: Språkvård och språkpolitik: Svenska språknämndens forskningskonferens i Saltsjöbaden 2008 / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Andersson, Olle Josephson, Inger Lindberg, Mats Thelander, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2010, s. 252-268Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish language planning the position of English vis-à-vis Swedish is attracting attention. This is due to the concern that the growing use of English in certain domains may result in Swedish loosing ground. Surveys have shown that English is frequently used in fields with extensive international collaboration, such as higher education, business and politics. Yet, knowledge about actual language use and patterns of language choice in international contexts is poor and studies on how the involved parties themselves understand the situation are lacking. This paper draws on data from an ongoing PhD project on the use of Swedish in English medium university education and discusses students’ language choice patterns in two English medium lectures in Sweden: the one taken from a faculty of social sciences and the other from a faculty of science and technology. Findings show that the use of Swedish differs between the two lectures and that the usage can be characterized as spontaneous. Interestingly, students speak Swedish in a number of study activities associated with the lectures. Even though Swedish is seldom heard in class, it dominates in study activities outside class. The number of exchange students in combination with students’ and teachers’ attitudes impact on language choices. Existing local language plans, however, do not seem to influence actual language use.

  • 365.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Uppsala universitet.
    Internationella universitet – lokala språkval: Om bruket av talad svenska i engelskspråkiga kursmiljöer2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen handlar om hur svenska används i den muntliga interaktionen i sex engelskspråkiga universitetskurser i Sverige. Kurserna följs av både svenska och utländska studenter och engelska är det gemensamma språket i undervisningen. Undersökningen utgår från studenternas språkbruk och syftet är att beskriva och förstå särskilt studenters muntliga användande av svenska i den typ av språkmiljö som uppstår då engelska är undervisningsspråk.

    Språkbruket undersöks från tre infallsvinklar: den talade svenskans användning, svenskans funktioner i interaktionen samt deltagarnas attityder till dels svenska och engelska, dels valet av språk. Analysen utgår från observationer och inspelningar av naturligt förekommande samtal i undervisning inom ämnesområdena företagsekonomi, teknik och datavetenskap samt från intervjuer med studenter och lärare. Näranalyser av den talade svenskan kombineras med etnografisk kunskap om kursernas bredare sociala sammanhang, och i teori och metod kombineras forskningsfälten sociolingvistik och etnografi.

    Resultatet visar att svenska förekommer i alla undersökta kurser. Svenska används främst utanför helklassundervisningen i samtal där utländska studenter inte deltar. Språket talas både i samtal som rör studieämnet och i privata samtal. Att kurserna är nominellt engelskspråkiga betyder alltså inte att engelska är det enda språk som används i samband med undervisningen, också svenskan har en mer eller mindre framträdande plats. I avhandlingen förklaras attityder och språkvalsmönster med att kurserna till sin karaktär är nationella – i motsats till internationella – och att majoriteten studenter och lärare har erfarenhet och rutiner från svenskspråkiga utbildningar. De gamla rutinerna förs över till de nominellt engelska kurserna och ger svenskan en särställning och lokal prestige i miljöerna.

  • 366.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Uppsala universitet.
    Talad svenska i engelskspråkiga universitetskurser: sammanfattning av ett forskningsprojekt2011Inngår i: Språk för framtiden: Rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Falun, 12-13 november, 2010 / [ed] Ylikiiskilä, Antti; Westman, Maria, Uppsala: ASLA Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2011, s. 199-210Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 367.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Zooming in on language practices in Swedish higher education: A discussion of five studies and their normative versus dynamic approach towards policy and practice2014Inngår i: English in Nordic Universities: Ideologies and Practices / [ed] Anna Kristina Hultgren, Frans Gregersen & Jacob Thøgersen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, s. 111-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, five studies of language practice in Swedish higher education are compared and discussed with focus on how the policy of English-medium teaching is assumed to relate to practices ‘on the ground’. It is demonstrated that the earlier studies take a normative approach towards policy and practice, in the sense that practice is assumed to coincide with policy, while the later studies approach policy and practice from a dynamic point of view, assuming that other languages may be used in addition to the policy-prescribed medium. The underlying approach has implications for the studies’ design and focus, but also for their results concerning the use of Swedish and English in higher education in Sweden.

  • 368.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Melander, Björn
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Language beyond English - A Reply to Ulla Paatola2008Inngår i: Multiethnica. Meddelande från Centrum för multietnisk forskning, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 0284-396X, Vol. 31, s. 29-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 369.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska.
    Sörlin, Marie
    Umeå universitet.
    Myndighet och privatpersoner i dialog på Facebook: En analys av positioneringar och receptionsroller på Försäkringskassans Facebooksida Förälder2014Inngår i: Svenskans beskrivning 33: Förhandlingar vid Trettiotredje sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning. Helsingfors den 15–17 maj 2013 / [ed] Jan Lindström, Sofie Henricson, Anna Huhtala, Pirjo Kukkonen, Hanna Lehti-Eklund & Camilla Lindholm, Helsingfors: Helsingfors universitet, 2014, Vol. 33, s. 459-469Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 370.
    Söderlundh, Hedda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Sörlin, Marie
    Umeå universitet.
    Nyström Höög, Catharina
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Myndigheterna har ordet.: Om kommunikation i skrift2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 371.
    Sövik, Margrethe
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Under ytan på språksituationen i Charkiv – ukrainska är inne2005Inngår i: Bulletin, ISSN 1654-8698, nr 1/2, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 372.
    Sövik, Margrethe B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Språk som gränsmarkör: hur ungdomar i Charkiv förhåller sig till språkfrågan i Ukraina2005Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 329-344Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 373.
    Søvik, Margrethe
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Languages in a Ukrainian-Russian Borderland: Talking about History and Identity2006Inngår i: Borderland Identities: Territory and Belonging in North, Central and East Europe / [ed] Madeleine Hurd, Eslöv: Gondolin , 2006, s. 195-224Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 374.
    Søvik, Margrethe
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Support, resistance and pragmatism: An examination of motivation in language policy in Kharkiv, Ukraine2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 375.
    Tasel, Linda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för språk och kultur.
    Patriarchal Society: Three Generations of Oppression in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 376.
    Tennholt, Karolina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för språk och kultur.
    Patriarchal madness: Patriarchal oppression and madness in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 377. Tenser, Anton
    et al.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Pedagogik. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Romanikielen pohjoismurteiden variaatio2015Inngår i: Finnish Review of East European Studies, ISSN 1237-6051, nr 3, s. 3-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 378.
    Thorell, Felicia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Ett möjligt subjekt och en nödvändig plats: En analys av lässituationen som den framställs i "Vägar genom texten"2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min uppsats är att undersöka hur lässituationen framställs i en handbok i brukstextanalys. Mitt material är "Vägar genom texten" (1997) av Lennart Hellspong och Per Ledin. Metoden utgörs av de textanalytiska verktygen: handlingspositioner, presuppositioner, metaforer och inferenser. I analysen används diskurs-, makt- och subjektbegrepp hämtade från Michel Foucault. Min analys visar att materialet generellt sett framställer lässituationen som en diskursiv process, men även som en traditionellt hierarkisk maktrelation där läsaren begränsas. Resultaten diskuterar jag i termer av meningsproduktion.

  • 379.
    Thorell, Felicia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    −−− Paus. Det är paus. Det blir paus.: Om tystnadens kommunikativa funktion i två svenska teaterpjäser2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka tystnadens kommunikativa funktion i två svenska teaterpjäser, Leka med elden av August Strindberg och En talande tystnad av Erland Josephson. I min metod använder jag mig av en anti-essentialistisk hållning och intresserar mig i första hand för tystnadens funktion.

    Tystnaden analyseras utifrån tre ingångar: dess relevans, konceptualisering och distanserande/förenande funktion. Analysen visar skillnader pjäserna emellan vad gäller tystnadsindikationer i teatertexten. En talande tystnad regisserar oftare explicit pauserna medan tystnaden i Leka med elden endast är antydd i texten och får sin relevans i Holms regi. Metaforer som avslöjar tystnadens konceptualisering förekommer i En talande tystnad men inte alls i Leka med elden. Tystnaden konceptualiseras både som en aktivitet och som ett tillstånd. I En talande tystnad har tystnaden främst en distanserande funktion, i Leka med elden en förenande funktion i högre grad men denna visar också exempel på en distanserande funktion hos tystnaden.

    Min slutsats är att tystnadens funktion sammantaget i Leka med elden är att skapa en form för scenisk effekt, det vill säga, att vara dramatiskt effektiv. I En talande tystnad är tystnaden tematisk och en del av pjäsens själva innehåll.

  • 380. Tougu, Pirko
    et al.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    Schroeder, Lisa
    Keller, Heidi
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Socialization of past event talk: Cultural differences in maternal elaborative reminiscing2011Inngår i: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 142-154Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines mother-child reminiscing conversations with respect to variation in use and function of mothers' elaborations, the nature of children's memory elaborations, and the connections between the two, in three Western middle-class cultures where autonomy is valued over relatedness. Mothers participated with their 4-year-old children (35 dyads from Berlin, Germany, 42 dyads from Stockholm, Sweden, and 38 from Tallinn, Estonia). Mothers' open-ended questions predicted children's memory elaborations in Estonian dyads, mothers' statements and verbal confirmation did so in German dyads, and verbal confirmations did so in Swedish dyads. Number of children's elaborations was similar in all three groups, but Estonian mothers were less elaborative than Swedish and German mothers. These findings contrast with previous research in which number of child elaborations has been linked to number of mother elaborations. The results suggest that different aspects of elaborative style function differently. The differences are discussed in light of culturally rooted meanings and practices of talking.

  • 381.
    Truks, Elin
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Elevers uppfattningar om skrivning i årskurs 3: En kvalitativ studie om hur elever i årskurs 3 talar om skrivning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to describe how students in third grade speak about writing. I want to investigate what ideas and awareness children has about writing. I want to compare the results from third grade with pre-school children. I also want to find out how it is in other countries and over time. To achieve the aim, have four questions been formulated:

    • What is writing for children in third grade?
    • What similarities and differences are there with children in other countries?
    • Has there been any change regarding children´s conceptions of writing compared with a 1985 study?
    • Has there been any development in children´s conceptions of writing between pre-school and third grade?

    The study is based on interviews with ten students in third grade to get answers for the aim of this study. The questions for the interview are from a previous study The Mind is Not a Black Box: Children´s Ideas about the writing Process where Nora Scheuer, Montserrat de la Cruz, Juan Ignacio Pozo, Maria Faustina Huarte and Graciela Sola (2006) used four questions with picture cards. Each card represents a child in the writing process (anticipating, writing, revising, rereading). The results showed that students in third grade have come further in their development and have a more complex knowledge of what writing is than pre-school children. The students in third grade can describe which cognitive processes they process when they write. The results also showed that students have been formed by the formal teaching. They describe writing based on the criteria’s school puts on them. Students in third grade want to develop a fully spoken text that meets the language requirements that school or adults place on them. The Portuguese children speak about a concern about cursive witch Swedish children don´t do. This is probably because cursive is not a requirement in the Swedish curriculum.

  • 382. Tryggvason, Marja
    et al.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik, Svenska.
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik, Svenska.
    How do preschool children engage each other in dialogue in Finland, Estonia and Sweden?2008Inngår i: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communiciation, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 389-408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study compares preschool children in Finland, Estonia and Sweden regarding linguistic structures with which children in dyads elicited talk from each other in a naturalistic play activity Nineteen Finnish (mean age 5.1), 19 Estonian (mean age 5.4) and 17 Swedish (mean age 5.1) same-sex pairs were video-recorded by a native researcher Analyses of the results showed that children in different groups produced quite a similar number of utterances and eliciting talk structures. The Swedish and Finnish children used most yes-no questions, whereas the Estonian children had the highest occurrence of open questions. Imperative as well as elliptic structures were used by the Finnish children to a significantly higher extent than by the Swedish children. In summary, the groups differed less from each than was predicted on the basis of adult-child interaction. The results suggested that the symmetrical child-child free play context affected the choice of eliciting talk structures.

  • 383.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Autonomy orientation in Estonian and Swedish family interactions2009Inngår i: Pragmatics: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association, ISSN 1018-2101, E-ISSN 2406-4238, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 279-291Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the tendency to express autonomy in 20 Estonian, 20 Swedish, and 20 Swedish Estonian middle-class families with preadolescent children during videotaped family mealtimes. The results indicate that compared to the Swedish participants, participants from both Estonian samples expressed autonomy less frequently. Being talkative does not always mean expressing more autonomy. The Swedish preadolescents who were the most talkative and whose mothers were talking less, were more likely to express their personal needs, opinions and preferences. Possible reasons of cultural variability in autonomy orientation are discussed.

  • 384. Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Mizera, Luule
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Socialization Values in Stable and Changing Societies: A Comparative Study of Estonian, Swedish, and Russian Estonian Mothers2012Inngår i: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, ISSN 0022-0221, E-ISSN 1552-5422, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 480-497Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 385. Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Mizera, Luule
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    "There is nothing bad in being talkative": Meanings of talkativeness in Estonian and Swedish adolescents2011Inngår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1603-1609Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study compared the meanings of talkativeness for 216 Estonian and 163 Swedish adolescents. Although both nations have stereotypically been described as taciturn, the results of the study suggested that Estonians differed from Swedes in having a more negative or neutral attitude towards talkativeness. Swedes, on the other hand, emphasized more frequently that the positive or negative interpretation of talkativeness depends on the person, on the topic, on the amount of talk, and on the situation. Both Estonian and Swedish adolescents regarded talk as a tool for communication with others rather than a tool for self-expression. Talking for communication with others dominated in the answers of Swedes, whereas Estonians mentioned talking as a tool for conveying information as frequently as a tool for communication with others.

  • 386.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Svenska.
    Mizera, Luule
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Svenska.
    Tryggvason, Marja
    A comparison of Estonian, Swedish, and Finnish mothers' controlling attitudes and behaviour2003Inngår i: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 46-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study examined maternal control of children across families with early adolescents from different sociocultural backgrounds. The intention was to find out whether belonging to the same ethnic group/language community (i.e., Estonian or Finnish) is more important for determination of child-rearing attitudes and practices than sharing the immediate sociocultural context (i.e., Swedish society). In addition, attention was paid to the relationship between attitudes and behaviour. The results were obtained from three monocultural samples of Estonian, Swedish, and Finnish families living in their country of origin; two bicultural samples consisted of Estonian and Finnish families residing in Sweden. Two types of data-mothers' reported attitudes towards the importance of control over children's behaviour (the Control Scale) and video-recorded real-life verbal behaviour-were used to determine how the mothers' attitudes towards control relate to the behavioural control exhibited in their real-life interactions. The study showed that the Finno-Ugric mothers living in their countries of origin controlled their children's behaviour significantly more frequently than those Finno-Ugric mothers who live in Sweden, but both Estonian samples outperformed Finns in their reported control attitudes. The Swedish mothers were the least directive among monocultural mothers both in maternal beliefs and in real-life behaviour, but they differed from Estonian and Finnish mothers residing in Sweden only in their lower scores on the Control Scale. The study revealed that mothers' real-life control behaviour corresponded rather modestly to their reported attitudes toward the importance of controlling children. Analyses of actual mother-child interaction showed that only the Estonian mothers living in Estonia actually put their relatively high scores on the Control Scale into practice in real-life interactions with their children. Finally, some characteristics of Estonian, Finnish, and Swedish languages and cultures are discussed that might determine the cultural differences in child rearing that emerged.

  • 387.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik, Svenska. University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Mizera, Luule
    Södertörns högskola.
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik, Svenska.
    Tryggvason, Marja
    Södertörns högskola.
    Child-rearing goals of estonian, finnish, and swedish mothers2007Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 48, nr 6, s. 487-497Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, the child-rearing goals of mothers of 4- to 6-year-old children from Estonia, Finland, and Sweden were compared. The developed Child-Rearing Goals Questionnaire consisted of three different tasks: open-ended questions, item rating, and item ranking. All mothers were similar in valuing highly self-maximization, but differed in emphasis on traditional child-rearing goals (e.g., conformity, obedience, politeness, being hard-working, etc.). The Swedish mothers tended to stress the characteristics connected with self-maximization as well as self-confidence and children's happiness, but did not value the traditional child-rearing goals. The Estonian mothers attached a great significance both to the traditional characteristics and to self-maximization. The Finnish mothers also stressed both traditional and non-traditional values, but to a lesser extent than the Estonians. The Swedish and Finnish mothers' child-rearing goals were relatively homogeneous. In contrast, the Estonian mothers were generally less focused on any specific goal. Mothers with a lower level of education stressed traditional goals more than mothers with a higher level of education. The results are discussed in the light of the possible effect different cultural contexts have on maternal child-rearing goals: bringing up children in stable welfare societies (such as Sweden and Finland) in contrast to a rapidly changing society (such as Estonia).

  • 388.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Mizera, Luule
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Tryggvason, Marja
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it.
    Cultural, contextual, and gender differences in peer talk: A comparative study2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 319-325Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study focused on cultural, contextual, and gender differences in children's peer talk. Same-sex dyads of Estonian (n = 38), Finnish (n = 38), and Swedish (n = 34) preschool age children were videotaped during unstructured and structured play settings. We found only one gender difference in children's talkativeness and in the use of regulatory speech: during free play, Swedish boys used more imperatives per directives than Swedish girls. At the same time there were significant cultural and contextual differences. Estonian children were most directive and Swedish children were least directive. Finnish children were less directive than Estonian children but more directive than Swedish children. It was concluded that cultural and contextual factors strongly influence the likelihood, extent, and nature of gender differences in peer talk.

  • 389.
    Tykesson Bergman, Ingela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik, Svenska.
    Butikssamtal från 40-tal till 90-tal2006Inngår i: Företagsminnen, ISSN 1101-7473, nr 2, s. 24-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 390.
    Tykesson Bergman, Ingela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Har kunden alltid rätt?2007Inngår i: Språkvård, ISSN 0038-8440, nr 2, s. 33-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 391.
    Tykesson Bergman, Ingela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Säg aldrig ’Vad får det lov att vara’!: Samtalsnormer i butiker från 1940-talet till i dag2010Inngår i: Så skapades den moderna butiken: teknik, ansvar och arbete under 100 år, Bromma: Centrum för näringslivshistoria , 2010, s. 19-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 392.
    Tykesson, Ingela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Välkomna hit till min kassa2010Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr 6, s. 18-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 393.
    Tykesson, Ingela
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Landqvist, Mats
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Svenska.
    Språkstimulerande övningar för personal inom äldreomsorgen: Metodutveckling med forskarstöd2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 394.
    Tykesson-Bergman, Ingela
    Stockholms universitet.
    Samtal i butik: Språklig interaktion melllan biträden och kunder2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this study is language use in a special type of social activity: the exchange of goods, services and information in a commercial setting. The main aim is to gain an understanding of the work that shop assistants perform using language. In the analysis, the focus is on verbal routine work. One part of the analysis thus entails mapping the typical utterances and conversational sequences related to such activities. Another part involves investigating how much non-task-oriented interaction the various activities require or “tolerate”, for instance, in the form of “small talk”.

    A central theme in the study is the interactants’ conversational rights and obligations, from the perspective of politeness theory, especially Fraser’s theory of the conversational contract. The service encounters are categorised as activity types, according to Levinson’s activity theory. In the comparative parts of the study, the concept of pragmeme is used as a tool to examine different realisations of prototypical situated communicative acts.

    The empirical material consists of authentic conversations, analysed by methods borrowed from conversation analysis. The conversations were recorded at a supermarket checkout till, a deli counter with manual service and an information desk in a bookshop. It turned out that only a few of the customer conversations were without complications. At the supermarket till, for instance, only one out of four conversations was completely routine and unproblematic.

    Also presented is a diachronic investigation of the norms relating to service encounters that have been taking place in shops since the 1940s. The main sources here are manuals and study materials for shop employees, together with interviews and material gathered from role playing. In this part of the study, a number of features in the historical change process are described, for instance in the manner of addressing people and the use of politeness expressions.

  • 395. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalSödertörns högskola, Södertörns högskolebibliotek.Gruszczynski, WlodzimierzKorek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, Nils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica 1998Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 396. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalSödertörns högskola, Södertörns högskolebibliotek.Gruszczynski, WlodzimierzKorek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, Nils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 397. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalSödertörns högskola, Södertörns högskolebibliotek.Korek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, ils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica 1997Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 398. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalKorek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, ils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica 1993Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 399. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalKorek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, Nils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica 1996Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 400. Uggla, Andrzej Nils
    et al.
    Bron Jr, MichalKorek, JanuszLewandowski, JózefLundahl, Nils
    Acta Sueco-Polonica 1995Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
56789 351 - 400 of 427
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