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  • 351.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vifell, Åsa
    Integration by Deliberation?: On the Role of Committees in the Open Method of Coordination2003In: European Governance, Deliberation and the Quest for Democratisation / [ed] Erik O. Eriksen, Christian Joerges & Jütgen Neyer, Oslo: Arena , 2003, p. 411-452Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 352.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vifell, Åsa
    Södertörn University, Institute of Contemporary History.
    New Governance Structures in Employment Policy Making?: Loose Co-ordination in Action2007In: Economic government of the EU: A balance sheet of new modes of policy coordination / [ed] Ingo Linsenmann, Christoph O. Meyer, and Wolfgang T. Wessels, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2007, p. 53-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 353.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    West, Charlotte
    Europeanization of labor market policy-making in the Baltic States2009In: The European Union and the Baltic States: Changing Forms of Governance / [ed] Bengt Jacobsson, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 98-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 354.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    West, Charlotte
    Joining the European Employment Strategy: Europeanisation of Labour Market Policy in the Baltic States2009In: Changing European employment and welfare regimes: The influence of the open method of coordination on national reforms / [ed] Martin Heidenreich and Jonathan Zeitlin, Abingdon: Routledge, 2009, p. 112-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 355.
    Jalilian, Pegah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The Effect of Female Education on Human Development and Economic Growth: A Study of Human Capital Formation in developing countries2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the different studies, there is a strong correlation between (GDP) per capita as the index of economic growth and indicators of human development such as life expectancy, infant mortality, adult literacy, political and civil rights. Based on Millennium Development Goals, which is a program made by UN to reduce extreme poverty and improve human development in developing countries, we can find the indicator of which has key role and affect the other goals of human development directly and clearly. Considering the concept of education accurately we also would be faced with subject of literacy for both genders in a society. Recent empirical research reveals the benefit of women's education and describes the importance of this subject for the economic development.Therefore the main object of this paper is the relation between human development and economic growth and the effect of education on human capital accumulation and thereby on the economic growth, especially the case of female literacy rate and its consequences for human development. This paper will analyze the effect of the human development on the economic growth and well being with special attention to the female education concept related to the MDG in developing countries generally. It will consider mainly the sub Saharan countries as developing countries. For this purpose we will verify the theoretical literature via comparing statistic and charts for the region under consideration.

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    fulltext
  • 356.
    Jamshad, Roxana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Jazayeri, Neda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Mina behov är inte andras behov": En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser av brukarinflytande2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether clients with former drug addiction feel that they are able to influence the care that they receive. The aim was also to find out how social workers operate to enable user influence amongst clients. We conducted semi-structured interviews with five clients and two social workers within one treatment home. The theoretical perspectives that were used to analyze the empirical data were user influence and democracy. The results show that clients experience significant involvement in their care-program and in relation to social workers at the treatment home. The results also show that the social workers apply democracy to their work since they constantly encourage clients to think independently, make their own decisions and set goals for the future. The limiting factors of user influence were considered to be financial questions, unengaged social workers, and different work procedures among municipalities. Since clients become involved and are able to influence the content of the care, user influence within addiction care is believed to benefit patient outcomes and prevent relapse. User influence can lead to positive social worker-client relationships and encourage individuals with addiction to voluntarily seek care.

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    Mina behov är inte andras behov
  • 357.
    Jansson, Ania
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kaha, Kristiina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Jag har ett liv här. Där har jag ingenting.: En kvalitativ studie om hur integration kan påverka ensamkommande barns identitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att skapa en förståelse för hur integration och etnisk tillhörighet kan påverka ensamkommande barns identitetsutveckling. Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ ansats där empirin består utav semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra unga vuxna som kom till Sverige som ensamkommande. Vi har analyserat intervjumaterialet genom att utgå ifrån Meads teori kring symbolisk interaktionism, Antonovskys tankar om att individen behöver en känsla av sammanhang och empowerment. Resultatet visar att språkkunskaper, utbildning och meningsfulla fritidsaktiviteter är viktiga faktorer för en god integration för ensamkommande barn, och att deras etniska bakgrund är viktig för deras identitet. Hur integrerade de är påverkar både deras möjligheter till att "lyckas" i Sverige och ökar chanser för en starkare identitetskänsla. Vidare har det även en direkt påverkan på deras syn på framtiden. En slutsats är att välintegrerade ensamkommande barn har stora förväntningar på framtiden och höga ambitioner i livet. 

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    Jansson & Kaha, VT-12
  • 358.
    Javeid, Umer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Okun's Law: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan (1981-2005)2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this research paper is to find the association between unemployment rate and GDP growth which is presented empirically by Arthur Okun’s in early 1960s. For this purpose I have used annual time series data during the period 1981-2005 of Pakistan. I applied difference version of Okun’s law which is more appropriate to access results directly from empirical data. In order to find long run relation between the variables I used Engle-Granger cointegration technique and Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) to find the short term behavior of GDP growth to its long run value. This paper verifies negative relationship between unemployment rate and GDP growth and both variables have long run relation with each other. Moreover GDP growth will adjust more quickly towards equilibrium in the long run.

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    Umer Master Thesis
  • 359.
    Joensen, Alma
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    What's the Problem?: An Analysis of EU's Gender Equality Policy2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For the past decade, EU’s gender equality policies have undergone some changes that have affected the way in which the problem with gender equality is now represented. This case study analysis explores what the problem with gender inequalities is represented to be in EU’s Strategy for Equality between Women and Men, 2010-2015, and whether there are any presuppositions or assumptions underlying EU’s representation of the problem. The method used for analysis is Carol Lee Bacchi’s approach: What’s the Problem (represented to be)?, which is a post-structuralist approach that pays much attention to language and discourse. EU’s gender equality policy is then compared with Sylvia Walby’s theory on the patriarchy, that explains gender inequalities as being systematically produced through a system of social structures. The main conclusion is that EU’s gender policies are tailored to fit the political priorities of the union, which are to achieve the objectives of the EU 2020 Strategy.  The problems are mainly being represented from an economic perspective, and furthermore the EU dismisses the notion that gender inequalities are a result of our social structures, and rather explains the problem of gender inequality as being the problem of women.

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 360.
    Johansson, Andreas
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Dissenting Democrats: Nation and Democracy in the Republic of Moldova2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Republic of Moldova was one of fifteen states to emerge from the dissolution of the Soviet Union. With weak historical legacy of statehood, deteriorating economy and serious national divisions, the young state lacked many of the prerequisites deemed necessary for successful democratization. From the very beginning of independence, Moldova became the battleground of Romanianists, propagating for the Romanian character of Moldova’s majority population, and Moldovanists, who viewed the people as a separate nation. In the literature on democracy and democratization, a divided nation is singled out as a serious threat to statehood and democratization efforts alike. Without a nation in place it is generally understood that democracy cannot take root.

    Nevertheless, Moldova in a few years time managed to make considerable progress on its path towards democracy. A main theme of the dissertation is thus the issue of national division and how it has affected political developments in general and democracy in specific. This picture is then further expanded by including close analysis of political support.

    The dissertation contributes to discussions about how nation and democracy goes together in transitional states with no legacy of either of them. The analysis shows that national division in Moldova works on different levels. While political actors often seek support from the electorate according to their positions on the nation, national identity by itself does not suffice to explain differences in political support. Instead other aspects, such as generational values, degree of urbanity and level of education, play a much larger role. Democracy, as a platform where different political ideas and ambitions may form, can both complicate transitions since it provides opportunities for conflicts, but democracy also holds the prospects to find ways to resolve disagreements. In the long run, this carries the seed of consolidation of both democracy and nation alike.

  • 361.
    Johansson, AnnaMaria
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Predictable effects the Central America Free Trade Agreement will have on El Salvador.2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the implementation of NAFTA in 1994 there has been an incentive to create free trade agreement with all the American countries. The next step to reach a free trade agreement like this has been the CAFTA, where also the Central American countries are involved in an agreement with the U.S. El Salvador is part of this agreement. The project has both been criticized and praised. Due to these different opinions the thesis wants to give answers to how CAFTA will affect different sectors in the economy in El Salvador and how the agreement will affect the people working in these sectors. The studied sectors are the agriculture, the assembly industry and the micro, small, and medium businesses in the informal sector. With the help of theories about free trade, specialization, factor mobility and growth, together with information about the experiences from Mexico and interviews from El Salvador, the answers are given to the problem. El Salvador will have comparative advantages in some products in the agriculture sector. The assembly industry will be able to compete if they can stand against the competition with China. The micro, small, and medium businesses are more orientated to the local market and will not be affected. In all sectors the lack of support from the government is a problem. The FDI is expected to increase but there will not be any technological transfer. Workers in the farm sector will move to the cities where they will find jobs in the assemblies or in the informal sector. Those who do not find jobs will emigrate to the U.S.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 362.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Chief Executive Organization and Advisory Arrangements for Foreign Affairs: The Case of Sweden2008In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 267-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As prime ministers are drawn into international relations and the foreign policy process, they are in need of advisory structures for foreign affairs in their offices. This article examines the system and the role of foreign affairs advisers to the Prime Minister (PM), the chief executive, in Sweden. The article centres on the organization for foreign affairs, in general terms of institutional and staffing arrangements, and on leader—adviser relationships. As the right hand of the PM, inner circle advisers in foreign affairs have a direct role in overseeing foreign policy on the key issues and do more than just serve in an advisory capacity by being operative in diplomacy and in policy coordination. These advisers can therefore wield influence on policy and the government based on their own expertise and position at the centre of power and at the frontier between the chief executive and the outside world.

  • 363.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Emergence of Political Parties at European Level: Integration Unaccomplished2009In: How unified is the European Union?: European integration between visions and popular legitimacy / [ed] Sverker Gustavsson, Lars Oxelheim, Lars Pehrson, Dordrecht: Springer, 2009, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 364.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Europeiska unionen2009In: Internationella relationer / [ed] Jakob Gustavsson & Jonas Tallberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 2, p. 415-433Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 365.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    External Legitimization and Standardization of National Political Parties: The Case of Estonian Social Democracy2008In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 157-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that transnational engagement offers political parties legitimacy and reinforces tendencies towards standardization. EU accession brought many parties in post-communist Europe into Euro-parties and political groups. In this context, national parties are expected to adhere and keep to certain standards. The case in point is the Estonian Social Democratic Party, which took back this name shortly before Estonia joined the EU. The article shows how this party has been seeking to develop into a modern European social democratic party by engagement in a range of transnational networks and activities and by embracing the organizational and programmatic ideals of its partner parties

  • 366.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Politiska partier på europeisk nivå – det ofullbordade samgåendet2009In: Hur gemensam är den europeiska gemenskapen / [ed] Sverker Gustavsson, Lars Oxelheim & Lars Pehrson, Stockholm: Santérus , 2009, p. 231-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 367.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Porträtt utan källkritik2010In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 6, p. 25-25Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 368.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    [Recension av] Andersson, Therese: En gemensam europeisk skogspolitik? En integrationsteoretisk studie av ett politikområde på tillväxt2008In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 100, no 3, p. 293-304Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 369.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    [Recension av] Axelsson, Erik: Historien i politiken. Historieanvändning i norsk och svensk EU-debatt 1990–19942007In: Nordisk Tidskrift, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 370.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Responses within the European Community to the Fall of the Berlin Wall and the Prospect of German Reunification2009In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 2, no 3-4, p. 17-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 371.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Scripted parties: The case of Estonian social democracy2009In: The European Union and the Baltic States: changing forms of governance / [ed] Bengt Jacobsson, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 143-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 372.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Varför är det nödvändigt att forska om Europeiska unionen?2010In: Kontraster och nyanser: svensk statsvetenskap i brytningstid / [ed] Magnus Jerneck & Björn Badersten, Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Langdal, Fredrik
    Sieps.
    Sydow, Göran von
    Sieps.
    Mellan Bryssel och Rosenbad: ordförandeskapets organisering och ledning2009In: I Europas tjänst: Sveriges ordförandeskap i EU 2009 / [ed] Rikard Bengtsson, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2009, p. 266-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 374.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Langdal, Fredrik
    Sieps.
    Sydow, Göran von
    Sieps.
    Mellan konflikt och samförstånd: ordförandeskapet i svensk inrikespolitik och ledning2009In: I Europas tjänst: Sveriges ordförandeskap i EU 200 / [ed] Rikard Bengtsson, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2009, p. 224-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 375.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Langdal, Fredrik
    von Sydow, Göran
    The Domestic Politics of European Union Presidencies: The Case of Sweden2012In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 206-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to start filling a gap in contemporary research on the rotating EU presidencies. In particular, the article pays attention to the role played by domestic factors in the development and fate of EU presidencies. What is the level of conflict between the government and the opposition during EU presidencies? This question is central for us and we address it through an in-depth analysis of one single case, Sweden, through a comparative examination of the role that domestic politics played in the Swedish EU presidencies of 2001 and 2009. In conjunction with our four main explanations for the varying degrees of political conflict during EU presidencies we present four hypotheses that could be advanced in the comparative study of EU presidencies.

  • 376.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Raunio, Tapio
    Organizing the Core Executive for European Union Affairs: Comparing Finland and Sweden2010In: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 649-664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining core executive organization for EU affairs in Finland and Sweden, this article uncovers how change agents used European integration deliberately to strengthen their role in the domestic settings through taking control of EU policy co-ordination. In both countries, EU membership was an exogenous factor that enabled the offices of the PM to secure a more powerful position and advance their own institutional agendas. This strengthened their leadership role and weakened the respective foreign ministries, whose legitimacy in EU co-ordination was undermined by the discourse that matters pertaining to this co-ordination should be treated as domestic policy instead of foreign policy. This discourse proved instrumental in the organizational reforms and core executive restructuring. Both countries also provide evidence of intra-Nordic organizational learning since the Finnish co-ordination system was based on lessons drawn from Denmark whereas the subsequent Swedish reform was inspired and legitimized by changes in Finland.

  • 377.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Sydow, Göran von
    Swedish Social Democracy and European Integration: Enduring Divisions2011In: Social democracy and European integration: The politics of preference formation / [ed] Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos, London: Routledge , 2011, p. 157-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 378.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Explaining Chief Executive Empowerment:: European Union Summitry and Domestic Institutional Change2010In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 208-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most prominent trends in the organisation of European parliamentary democracies is the empowerment of chief executives. This article submits that an important reason contributing to this development is summit decision-making in the European Union, which requires states to confer additional authority, discretion and resources on chief executives. The effects are long-term shifts in the domestic institutional balance of power between the executive and the legislature, as well as within the executive branch. The explanatory power of this argument is tested through a case study of chief executive empowerment in Sweden, as well as comparative qualitative evidence from a broader set of European states. The findings carry implications for research on the presidentialisation of politics, the domestic implications of international cooperation, and the Europeanisation of EU member countries.

  • 379.
    Jonason, Patricia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Law.
    Integritetsskyddet och offentlighetsprincipen i IT-samhället - en jämförelse mellan den svenska och den franska modellen2006In: Festskrift till Peter Seipel / [ed] Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg, Peter Wahlgren, Stockholm: Norstedts juridik , 2006, p. 51-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 380.
    Jonason, Patricia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Law.
    The international Environmental Participatory legal framework: access to information, public participation, access to justice in environmental matters2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 381.
    Jondell Assbring, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Ericsson, Jennifer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Hur påverkas direktinvesteringar av korruption?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sambandet mellan korruption och direktinvesteringar har uppmärksammats allt mer efter en stor ökning av direktinvesteringar sedan slutet på 1980-talet. Denna studie undersöker därför empiriskt hur mycket korruptionsgraden i ett land påverkar direktinvesteringar. Detta har gjorts genom att utgå från två hypoteser: 

    H1: Sveriges beslut att direktinvestera påverkas negativt av korruptionsgraden i värdlandet. 

    H2: Korruptionsgraden har en negativ inverkan på storleken på inåtgående direktinvesteringar i världen. 

    Utöver detta undersöks hur variablerna BNP, population, export och arbetslöshet i värdlandet, samt avståndet mellan investeraren och värdlandet, påverkar direktinvesteringar. 

    Studien har genomförts med OLI-paradigmet2 samt gravitationsmodellen som teoretisk grund. Två olika regressionsmodeller har sedan skapats; två tvärsnittsstudier för år 2001 och 2008 samt en studie på medelvärden för åren 2004-2010. Vi finner att beslutet att direktinvestera påverkas av korruption. Dock har vi inte kunnat fastställa huruvida korruption påverkar storleken på direktinvesteringar efter att beslutet om att investera väl har fattats. 

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    Direktinvesteringar och korruption
  • 382.
    Jonsson, Erik
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    BNP och hushållsproduktion: En jämförande fallstudie av Sverige, Tyskland, Estland och Finland baserad på satelliträkenskaper för hushållsproduktion2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This document presents calculations of adjusted GDP based on satellite household accounts for the year 2001 with the purpose to compare adjusted and official GDP for Sweden, Germany, Estonia and Finland. Household production in each country is estimated using time use survey data from Eurostat and a monetary value is estimated using average wage (after taxes) for each country. The results indicate that the value of household production using this methodology increases GDP with between 42% (Finland) and 55% (Germany) compared to official GDP statistics. A comparison of GDP/capita between the countries included in the study shows that the GDP/capita in Germany increases more that the other countries due to the relatively high proportion of time used for household production (mainly German women) combined with a high average wage. In fact, the results show that Germany has higher adjusted GDP/capita than both Finland and Sweden (but Germany has lower GDP per capita when official statistics is used for the comparison). The results for Estonia show that the high proportion of household production is offset by the low average wage in the country, and as a result, the relative position compared to the other countries is not altered by using the adjusted GDP/capita.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 383.
    Jorvén Bernegard, Eva
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Lindau, Petra
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Homo Svedikus - "Lika barn leka bäst"?: En diskursanalys av Sverigedemokraternas principprogram2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how Sverigedemokraterna, in their program of principles, design Swedishness and as an effect of this creates a boundary between “us and them”. Our method of choice has been text- and discourse analysis. By analyzing the text in the program we’ve come to the conclusion that it has an effect on, and helps to create social categories that are crucial to people’s social positions and resource possibilities. The party builds their version of Swedishness on a social and national likeness that creates social inequality. Our results also shows that it’s important to examine texts used by the elite of society since they in their powerful position has a preferential right of interpretation.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 384.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mäkinen, Ilkka Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Acceptance of suicide in Moscow2011In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 46, no 8, p. 753-765Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes concerning the acceptability of suicide have been emphasized as being important for understanding why levels of suicide mortality vary in different societies across the world. While Russian suicide mortality levels are among the highest in the world, not much is known about attitudes to suicide in Russia. This study aims to obtain a greater understanding about the levels and correlates of suicide acceptance in Russia. Data from a survey of 1,190 Muscovites were analysed using logistic regression techniques. Suicide acceptance was examined among respondents in relation to social, economic and demographic factors as well as in relation to attitudes towards other moral questions. The majority of interviewees (80%) expressed condemnatory attitudes towards suicide, although men were slightly less condemning. The young, the higher educated, and the non-religious were more accepting of suicide (OR > 2). However, the two first-mentioned effects disappeared when controlling for tolerance, while a positive effect of lower education on suicide acceptance appeared. When controlling for other independent variables, no significant effects were found on suicide attitudes by gender, one's current family situation, or by health-related or economic problems. The most important determinants of the respondents' attitudes towards suicide were their tolerance regarding other moral questions and their religiosity. More tolerant views, in general, also seemed to explain the more accepting views towards suicide among the young and the higher educated. Differences in suicide attitudes between the sexes seemed to be dependent on differences in other factors rather than on gender per se. Suicide attitudes also seemed to be more affected by one's earlier experiences in terms of upbringing and socialization than by events and processes later in life.

  • 385.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mäkinen, Ilkka Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Suicide in Changing Societies2010In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 3, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 386.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Mäkinen, Ilkka Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Kislitsyna, Olga
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Vågerö, Denny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Economic strain, social relations, gender, and binge drinking in Moscow2008In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 66, p. 663-674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The harmful effects of alcohol consumption are not necessarily limited to the amounts consumed. Drinking in binges is a specific feature of Russian alcohol consumption that may be of importance even for explaining the current mortality crisis. Based on interviews conducted with a stratified random sample of 1190 Muscovites in 2004, this paper examines binge drinking in relation to the respondents’ economic situation and social relations. Consistent with prior research, this study provides further evidence for a negative relationship between educational level and binge drinking. Our results also indicate a strong but complex link between economic strain and binge drinking. The odds ratios for binge drinking of men experiencing manifold economic problems were almost twice as high compared to those for men with few economic problems. However, the opposite seemed to be true for women. Being married or cohabiting seemed to have a strong protective effect on binge drinking among women compared to being single, while it seemed to have no effect at all among men. Women having regular contact with friends also had more than twice the odds for binge drinking compared to those with little contact with friends, while again no effect was found among men. Gender roles and the behavioural differences embedded in these, may explain the difference. The different effects of economic hardship on binge drinking may also constitute an important factor when explaining the large mortality difference between men and women in Russia.

  • 387.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    A clear victory for Niinistö in the presidentail elections2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, no 8 februariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 388.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Challenges await the True Finns2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, no 10 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 389.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    En ny nordisk partifamilj2012In: Nordisk Tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri, ISSN 0029-1501, Vol. 2, p. 169-174Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 390.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Finnish version of Populism2011Other (Other academic)
  • 391.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    First Round The Finnish Presidential Elections2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Baltic worlds http://balticworlds.com/the-finnish-presidential-elections/, no 25 januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 392.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Folkomröstningar i Europa: rättslig reglering och förekomst av folkomröstningar i 32 europeiska stater2007Report (Other academic)
  • 393.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    I dag väljer finska folket sin nya kung2012In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 5 februariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 394.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Island redo förändras i grunden2012In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 12 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 395.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Las tres olas del populismo nórdico2011In: Letra Internacional, ISSN 0213-4721, no 112, p. 57-63Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 396.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Med nationen och kulturen som retorisk idé2011In: Svenska Dagbladet, no 26 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 397.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Populismens många ansikten2009In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 2, p. 15-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 398.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Populister i närheten av regeringen2012In: Tungan på vågen: Vågmästare och balanspartier / [ed] Jenny Björkman & Björn Fjæstad, Göteborg ; Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 165-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 399.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Populistisk demokrati: Sannfinländarnas idé om folkstyret2011In: Nya Argus, ISSN 0027-7126, no 9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 400.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Right Wing Extremism. Conceived Football hooliganism2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, no 27 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
567891011 351 - 400 of 768
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