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  • 3451.
    Yousef, Ornina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Perez Legrand, Gianina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilken fond ger hög riskjusterad avkastning?: En empirisk studie mellan Svenska och Globala aktiefonder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna undersökning är att göra en komparativ studie mellan Sverige-och global aktiefonder för att vidare analysera vilka aktiefonder som ger högst avkastning.

    Metod: Uppsatsen bygger på en statistisk analys vilket sekundärdata ligger till grund för våra beräkningar. Genom tillämpning av kvantifierbar hård data där bland annat historiska aktiekurser ingår, så har en kvantitativ studie använts. Befintliga teorier och modeller har tillämpats.

    Slutsats: Studien visar i stort sett att högre risk ger en högre avkastning. Under period 1 presterade Latin Amerika fonderna bäst varefter Sverige fonder presterade bättre under period 2. Dessa marknader kan vara väldigt oberoende av varandra och tenderar därmed inte att följa varandras kursutveckingen. Slutsatsen är då att en investering i olika geografiska placeringar diversifierar risken mer. Exempelvis en investering i en svensk fond och en latin amerika fond.

  • 3452.
    Youssef, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Englund, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    IFRS 4: En studie över försäkringsbolagens motiv för frivillig applicering av IFRS och implementering av IFRS 42015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine if certain motives have a significant influence on unlisted insurance company, whom is not required by law to apply IFRS, to use IFRS. Futhermore this study aims to anayize how the implementation of IFRS 4 been in unlisted insurance companys.

    To reach our stated objective, this studie we adopt a positivist  approach where  our emperic data consist primarly of our findings from analyzing insurance companys financial reports to create a picture over the implementation and use of IFRS 4.

    Our findings indicate that the majority of unlisted swedish insurance companys have chosen to apply IFRS and thereby IFRS 4.  This volountary choice to use IFRS may be determined by the companys structure and international activity. Furthermore our findings indicate that the implementation of IFRS 4 have been varied inbetween the companys as a direct result of implemenation occuring gradually and flexibly.

  • 3453.
    Yrjänä, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Förortens vardagsverkligheter: En kvalitativ studie om Spoken Word som mikropolitisk motståndsform2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera spoken word texter för att undersöka vardagsproblem i dagens svenska förorter och vetenskapliggöra de sociala kontexterna till de olika vardagsverkligheterna som beskrivs i texterna. Vidare syfte är även att se vilken betydelse poesi och spoken word kan ha för människor i utsatta områden, samt på vilket sätt kan spoken word öka dessa människors känslor av delaktighet och erkännande. För att uppnå syfte har det genomförts narrativ metod för tolkandet av sju spoken word texter. Vid tolkning av texterna har det använts en intersektionell analys. Även en intervju har genomförts för att få djupare förståelse för studiens bakgrund. Analysen av empirin kommer att ha sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i begreppet vardagsverklighet och de olika strukturerna som formar ramarna till de olika vardagsverkligheterna. Mikropolitiska aktiviteter kommer även att analyseras som ett sätt att göra motstånd i det vardagliga livet, och för att förstå motstånd i relation till makt så har denna studie utgått ifrån Foucaults maktperspektiv. Resultatet visar att poeternas vardagsverkligheter präglas av postkoloniala samhällsstrukturer och att de jämnt bemöter fördomar från det övriga samhället. Intersektionell analys på maktstrukturer blir användbar då det visar sig att tjejerna inte känner sig hörda och sedda i förort som för killar symboliserar trygghet. Spoken word ökar inte bara självreflektion och känslan av empowerment men kan även bli ett sätt att göra motstånd mot dessa strukturer och visa en motbild till den bilden av förorter som resten av samhället har.

  • 3454.
    Ytre-Eide, Nathalie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Familjehem: En stor omställning och ett stort ansvar: En kvalitativ studie om konsulentstöd utifrån familjehemsföräldrar och personalens upplevelser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of the support given to the family home through a consultant supported activities. The questions for the study was how the foster parents and staff feel the support. Three family advisers and two foster parents were interviewed. With a qualitative method and a phenomenological focus could be the experience of consultant support are studied. To get an understanding of the interviews, two different analytical perspectives in the form of systems theory and the development of ecology. The results showed, as in previous research that the key elements in supporting the accessibility, information, relationships, training, tutorial and meet with other foster homes. The results showed that both the foster parents in the study were satisfied with consultant support overall. The study showed, however, that the business could offer new foster training before an initial investment made which foster parents mattered significantly. Operations were also less able to offer a good continuous education in the form of lectures. The study's results together with previous research also showed that the perception of a lack of available network of foster parents.

  • 3455.
    Ytre-Eide, Nicolina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Drivkrafter bakom IASB och FASB harmoniseringsprojekt gällande regelverket för leasing2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Två av världens största normsättare för redovisningsstandarder, IASB och FASB, har samarbetat för att justera sina inbördes regelverk och skapa ett gemensamt internationellt regelverk. Detta gemensamma internationella regelverk skulle harmonisera internationell redovisning och bidra till ökad transparens. Ett av normsättarnas mer omfattande och komplexa samarbeten berör harmoniseringsprojektet för leasing som initierades 2006 och avbröts 2013. Syftet med denna studie var att analysera några av de krafter som formade detta harmoniseringsprojekt och öka förståelsen för varför det avbröts.

  • 3456.
    Yusof-Ioannidis, Darren Constantine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nilfouroushan, Shayan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Tillit och beslutsprocesser i en digitaliserad värld: Hur resebyråernas hemsidor påverkar kunders tillit i deras beslutsprocesser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customers today use travel agencies that exist on the internet more frequently. However, what makes the customer trust a specific website? The purpose of this study is to examine if a customers’ trust towards a travel agency is affected by the agency’s website and the role trust plays in customers’ decision-making process. To examine this purpose a web survey and interviews were carried out. The web survey totals 110 responses and 15 people were selected through snowball sampling for the interviews. Results demonstrate that customers are affected by the design of the website in a way that it decides whether or not the customer will invest time and use the website. Furthermore, after getting past the first stage customers then decide whether or not a website is trustworthy depending on a set of factors including but not limited to security, information and navigation. The customers’ decision-making process is affected by trust in a later stage when the customer evaluates the possible alternatives. However when it comes to choosing a website, a customer might choose to buy a product from a website he/she has previously used due to already having built a trust towards the website and therefore refrains from using an unknown website. In that sense, trust is present from previous experiences and affects the customer in an earlier stage of the decision-making process.

  • 3457.
    Zachrison, Linnea
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Ruchkin, Vladislav
    Uppsala University / Yale University Medical School, New Haven, USA / Säter Forensic Psychiatric Clinic.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Koposov, Roman
    Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Tromsø, Norway.
    Inhalant Use and Mental Health Problems in Russian Juvenile Delinquents2017In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 52, no 12, p. 1616-1623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior.

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia.

    METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports.

    RESULTS: Compared to non-users (N = 266), inhalant users (N = 104) reported higher rates of PTSD, early onset conduct disorder, ADHD, alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as higher levels of antisocial behavior, impulsiveness and more psychopathic traits. Frequent inhalant users also reported the highest rates of co-occurring psychopathology.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inhalant use in delinquents is frequent and may require additional clinical measures to address the issue of psychiatric comorbidity.

  • 3458.
    Zahiri Isfahani, Aqeel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Rückl, Charlotte
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Permanent uppehållstillstånd till syriska flyktingar: diskursanalysom ansvar, stereotyper och EU2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the discourse Swedish media use to discuss the government decision to give permanent residency to all Syrian refugees who arrive in Sweden. The method we use in our study is the critical analysis of discourse and content analysis. As data we have chosen articles and programs from Swedish public service television and newspapers. The result of our thesis show that media has the power to form the discourse about the Syrian refugees. The result as well shows that the discourse has changed over the past twenty to thirty years. A “us and them” is created in the language media use which divides the established citizens from the unestablished refugees. At the same time media can decide which cultural demands can be put down to a newly arrived person. During the research we also found that the discourse uses many digits and that a quantification takes place without any real explanation to why it takes place. The social context in which the journalists has to work within is regulated by rules about objectivity in newsfeed and they can only let others which they interview talk in a subjective manner about migration. On the other hand the journalists are allowed to say what they think in debate programs and editorial pages.

  • 3459.
    Zahirovic, Emir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Imamovic, Ines
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Företagsbloggen som det upprätthållande kommunikationsverktyget: En kvalitativ studie om företagsbloggar som kommunikationsverktyg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The credibility of traditional media has diminished over the years which has made it harder for companies to communicate with customers as well as it has increased the competition among companies. In line with the development of the internet and Web 2.0, digital diaries became popular as a communication tool for companies to use. Digital diaries have been identified as corporate blogs among companies and has been identified, within the frame of Public relations, as a solution to the communication problem with consumers that companies can deal with. Corporate blogs are characterized by factors such as the ability to communicate with the audience, create relationships, branding, differentiation as well as a good search engine optimization tool. What is not evident, however, is which are the factors that are important to maintain a corporate blog. 

    The purpose of the study is to, from a business perspective, examine and understand which factors that are important for companies to maintain their corporate blog as a communication tool and the purpose leads to the question at issue: “Which factors are important for companies to maintain their corporate blog as a communication tool?"

    The selection of the study is based on companies that are running an corporate blog and that are active in the service business industry within the business-to-business marketing strategy. The study consists of a qualitative study and the used method is semi-structured interviews with five companies within the selection of the study. The interview questions were formed in accordance with the theoretical framework of the study, which formed the basis for the research and had headlines in corporate blog as a communication tool, Public relations, relationship marketing and brand building. Finally, the results were analyzed and connections were made with relevant theories of the study. The results show that to communicate knowledge and information, as well as building relationships, are important factors for companies to maintain their corporate blog as a communication tool. The remaining factors may vary and depend on the size of the company and what business orientation the company has. 

  • 3460.
    Zahlmann, Rahel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Foreign Journalism in the Era of Globalization: An Ethnographic Study of Foreign Correspondents of the German Broadcasting Network ARD in Europe2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis is to figure out the role of foreign correspondents within Europe during today’s developments of globalization and digitalization, in the view of professional foreign journalists. The continent becomes closer in terms of politics, currencies and cultures, and a growing infrastructure simplifies travelling and communication. Therefore, the role and function of foreign journalists are more and more questioned. The main focus of this thesis is thereby the case of the foreign correspondence offices of the German public broadcasting network ARD. An auto-ethnographic study was used to base the analysis of this thesis on own perspectives. In a further step interviews with five foreign journalists examine the experiences of professionals in this field. The analysis is based, besides these two qualitative methods, on the theories of Siemes (2000), Cole and Hamilton (2008), and Archetti (2013).The researches’results demonstrate strong arguments for the relevance of the maintenance of foreign correspondences within Europe as the role of public broadcasters in particular is to inform, explain and classify happenings within the own country as well as in foreign areas to the audience. The nearby countries play thereby an important role due to many points of contact; for that reason professional journalists should further on hold the function to care for enlightenment.

  • 3461.
    Zaito, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Rajpar, Zameena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Jag vill inte dricka, vad är det ni inte förstår?!: En statistisk undersökning om varför ungdomar väljer att inte dricka alkohol2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie heter ”Jag vill inte dricka, vad är det ni inte förstår? – En statistisk undersökning om varför ungdomar väljer att inte dricka alkohol” och är skriven av Maria Zaito och Zameena Rajpar. Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda vilka valda faktorer som har en betydelse för varför ungdomar säger sig avstå helt från alkohol och om det finns någon könsskillnad i detta. De utvalda faktorerna i denna studie är ungdomen skolsituation, familjesituation och ungdomens relation till vänner. Regressionsanalys användes för att beräkna oddskvoter för dessa olika faktorer i förhållande till nollkonsumtion. De analytiska teoretiska verktygen utgörs av den sociala inlärningsteorin som presenteras av Madsen & Egidius (1974), Hardings genusteori som presenteras av Jakobsson (2000) samt Bourdieus teori om socialt kapital och habitus som presenteras av Bunar (2001), Håkansson (2011) och Broady (1989). Resultatet från studien visar att könsskillnader finns när det kommer till nollkonsumtion så flickor och pojkar påverkas av olika faktorer samt att en bra skolmiljö och goda familjeförhållanden ökar chanserna för nollkonsumtion. Resultatet visar även att de föräldrar som samtycker till att ungdomen ska få dricka alkohol kraftigt minskar chanserna för ungdomens nollkonsumtion.

  • 3462.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Attaining Whiteness: A Sociological Study of Race and Racialization in Russia2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Attaining Whiteness is the first book-length sociological study of how ideas about race resonate in post-Soviet Russia. The book charts how tropes of self, hybridity, and maturity constitute important symbolic vehicles for applying the idea of race to the drawing of differences. A new theoretical framework is developed that casts light on fields of study that have not yet received sufficient attention in Western European and American research concerning racial issues. This study of racialization takes a step towards providing a better understanding of how the discourses of race are extended and transformed through the production of social knowledge and social relations. This volume addresses the resilience of genetic criteria for defining cultures and behaviors in both the sciences and humanities in Russia, and also examines the ongoing and pervasive policy of racialized exclusion. The study argues that the concepts and practices of race, whiteness, and Russianness operate ambivalently insofar as they both hold the social fabric together, organizing the perception of the “Other”, but also undermine the unity of society. Racialization thus fosters, first, the sense that Russia belongs to the core of civilization as opposed to the Third World; second, the formulation of policies towards the internal peripheries that support social control informed by the notion of human material; and, finally, the promotion of exclusionary ethnic self-identifications that employ the discourse of hybridity.

  • 3463.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mischa Gabowitsch, Putin kaputt!? Russlands neue Protestkultur (Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2013)2014In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 460-464Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3464.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Race and Racism in Russia2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, there have been striking changes in racial ideas, practices, exclusions and violence in Russia. By showing how the processes of globalization and racialization are interrelated, Zakharov seeks to demonstrate and explore the roles these play in Russia's new nationhood project. The book employs a new threefold theoretical elaboration of racialization, examining the process in terms of 'making', 'doing', and finally 'becoming'. These three elements are considered through discussions of a wide variety of aspects of Russian identity and nationalism, from the analysis of subcultures to explorations of nation-building. 

  • 3465.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala University.
    The social movement against immigration as the vehicle and the agent of racialization in Russia2013In: Beyond NGO-ization: The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Jacobsson Kerstin & Saxonberg Steven, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013, p. 169-189Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3466.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    An Authoritarian-populist Welfare State? Reassessing the ‘Belarusian model’ in Comparative Perspective2019In: Globalizing Welfare: An Evolving Asian-European Dialogue / [ed] Kuhnle, S., Selle, P. and Hort S., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 286-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3467.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ivanou, Aleh
    ‘Tolerance' Frame As a Hindrance to Effective Public/Authorities Feedback in Belarus2014In: RC36 Alienation Theory and Research (host committee): Post-colonized Eastern Europe: Overcoming Alienation and Social Fatigue, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report is going to consider ‘tolerance’ as an ideological frame. A critical assessment will be done of tolerance on the part of Belarusian people.

    It is going to be shown that a) tolerance as an invariably beneficent trait of the Belarusian people is quite mistaken, b) that the ‘tolerance’ frame interferes with democratic governance principles as accepted and practiced worldwide, c) that responses to public dissatisfaction (part and parcel of normal governance systems) in Belarus are complicated due to persistence of the ‘tolerance’ frame; and d) that for the more fortunate and sustainable democratic outcomes in Belarus a regular public/authority feedback should be restored by getting rid of ‘tolerance’ as part of the ideological apparatus.

    The idea of this paper concerns ‘tolerance’ as it enters democratic governance schemes and might be leading to their malfunction. The word tolerance is widely used in liberal democracies and is ascribed a positive meaning. However, it appears that tolerance is not necessarily a virtue. The word tolerance has negative connotations as it acknowledges a problem. The danger with the ideological frame ‘tolerance’ is that it might enter democratic governance models where it can effectively block public responses to dissatisfaction. This way, the system is incapable of conveying public dissatisfaction, and the stimulus is removed for the authorities to improve their work. This might be evident in Belarus, where people have little opportunity to convey their dissatisfaction, given that they are considered as well as consider themselves ‘tolerant’. In this case, their tolerance, being mere holding on, is a potential volcano.

  • 3468.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Lastouski, Aliaksei
    Hort, Sven
    Belarus - Another 'Iceberg Society'?: Class, Memory, Nation-Building and State-formation in European Modernity.2016In: Class, Sex and Revolutions: Göran Therborn - a critical appraisal / [ed] Gunnar Olofsson ; Sven Hort, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2016, p. 155-183Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3469.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Law, Ian
    University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Post-Soviet Racisms2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is novel not only in its theoretical framework, which places racialisation in post-communist societies and their modernist political projects at the centre of processes of global racism, but also in being the first account to examine both these new national contexts and the interconnections between racisms in these four regions of the Baltic states, the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, and elsewhere. Assessments of the significance of the contemporary geopolitical contexts of armed conflict, economic transformation and political transition for racial discourse are central themes, and the book highlights the creative, innovative and persistent power of contemporary forms of racial governance which has central significance for understanding contemporary societies.

  • 3470.
    Zamayeri, Habiba
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Sáenz Badillo, Viviana
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Två sidor av krisen i Venezuela: En komparativ studie av svenska och colombianska tidningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har rapporterats väldigt flitigt i medierna om den pågående krisen i Venezuela. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur ser det ut med rapporteringen under en månads tid (februari 2019). Hitta eventuella likheter och skillnader i verklighetsbilderna och fokusen för rapporteringarna mellan Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet och colombianska El Tiempo och El Espectador. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna för uppsatsen ligger i komparativ journalistik, global journalistik och nyhetsvärdering. Undersökningen har gjorts med en kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kvalitativ textanalys, för att se hur och vilka källor som tidningarna har använt och framställningen av verklighetsbilden av situationen i Venezuela. Genom denna jämförelse undersöks hur utrikesrapporteringen sett ut från två olika sidor, Sverige och Colombia.

    Att vi lever i en mer globaliserad värld syns i hur mycket de svenska tidningarna har rapporterat om Venezuelas situation. Men resultatet visar en klar skillnad mellan de svenska och de colombianska tidningarna. Dels är det närheten till Venezuela men Colombia har även blivit en viktig pusselbit i den pågående krisen, något som samtliga tidningar har rapporterat om. Därför är det föga förvånande att Colombia har rapporterat mer intensivt om krisen i Venezuela.

    Den kvantitativa innehållsanalysen och den kvalitativa textanalysen visar på tendenser att tidningarna El Tiempo och El Espectador i större omfattning är mer kritiska och negativa i sin rapportering, jämfört med Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet.

  • 3471.
    Zandi, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Organisationsinnovation för ökad försäljning i yngre kundgrupper: analys av den innovativa processen och dess utfall på försäljning och kundunderlag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations, in order to compete globally, need to increase their innovation. Organizational research, therefore, need methods to describe how the innovation process function and how it can be analyzed, enabling organizational learning and establishing best practice. This study examines the innovation process in a retail organization based on Crossan and Apaydins theoretical framework (2010). The results from the innovation process are measured against a number of key performance indicators (kpi), which the organization wishes to affect. The study shows that the theoretical framework was possible to use for analyzing the innovational process. However, even if there was a positive result, it was difficult to say if this was caused by the innovation process or had happened anyhow. Keyword Innovation, Organization, Innovation process, Competition

  • 3472.
    Zarea-Ganji, Kayvan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Svensén, Love
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Effekter av medieträning: En studie om medieträningens effekter på det journalistiska arbetet och yrkesrollen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka effekter medieträning kan ha på det journalistiska arbetet. Metoden för uppsatsen var kvalitativa personliga intervjuer. Tio stycken timmeslånga intervjuer utfördes. Urvalet baserades på tillgängliga journalister i Stockholm. Resultatet visade att journalister ser bra och dåliga effekter av medieträning.

    Vidare visade resultatet att utvecklingen inom journalistiken och politiken till en viss grad är beroende av varandra.Resultatet tolkades och diskuterades utifrån valda teoretiska utgångspunkter. De teorier som berördes var följande: politisk medialisering, medielogik och politisk logik, professionalisering och de-professionalisering och den journalistiska yrkesrollen. Resultatet visade även att journalistkåren dynamiskt anpassar sig till en alltmer professionaliserad politisk kommunikationsmodell.Slutsatsen var att det finns distinkta tecken på att medieträning har en effekt på det journalistiska arbetet.

    Journalisterna ser positiva och negativa förändringar i medielandskapet i stort och i synnerhet på grund av medieträning. Hälften av journalisterna ansåg även att medieträningen i förlängningen skulle kunna vara ett hot mot demokratin. Vidare tolkar vi att journalister anser att medieträningen av politiker påverkar det journalistiska arbetet, men att det är positiva effekter såväl som negativa effekter.

  • 3473.
    Zebili, Dimka
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Aram Aslan, Jakob
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mobbning i arbetslivet: en dokumentanalys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying in the life of work is a concealed issue that always has existed in Swedish workplaces. Adult bullying is about mental violence and repeated violations that harm people and often leads to ostracism, exclusion and isolation. The aim of this study is to increase understanding and knowledge about the bullying issue in workplaces and its consequences. The aim is also to find out what legal possibilities and limits there are to take and what preventative strategies that research and investigations suggests. In order to find out about this we have based our study on four court decisions dealing with bullying in the workplace. In addition, official documents, newspaper articles, laws and documents issued by authorities and other organizations that publish articles on the Internet are also used in this study. The aim is achieved by using a document analysis of data. It is compiled on empirical data based on four themes: conflicts, scapegoats, crisis and exclusion. The results are analyzed by using two theoretical models: progress model and role model, and also theories about stigma and stamping are being used.

    The basic finding is that the destructive leadership and mismanage conflict create conditions for bullying in the workplace and results in people stigmatized, branded as outliers and excluded from society.

    Finally made ​​suggestions for further studies based on concerns about whether legislative changes could affect the handling of the basic problem positively in terms of bullying in the workplace.

  • 3474.
    Zeilon Lund, Alexander
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Almqvist, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nationell Idag och presstödet: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie av tidningen Nationell Idags innehåll2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Presstödet verkar för att främja mångfalden inom den svenska dagspressen. De krav som ställs för att få presstöd handlar om struktur, inte om åsiktsförmedling. Dock får ett specifikt intresseområde inte ta upp mer än 50 procent av innehållet. Nationell Idag är den enda tidningen med uttalad invandringskritisk profil som får presstöd. Tidningen är tätt sammankopplad med det högerextrema nationalistiska partiet Nationaldemokraterna och ger i sitt innehåll uttryck för partiets åsikter. De nyheter som tidningen behandlar har ofta fokus på frågor rörande invandring. 

    Syftet med denna studie är att se om, och i så fall hur, innehållet i tidningen förändrats sedan den fick presstöd. Vår frågeställning är: Har innehållet i tidningen Nationell Idag förändrats i och med att tidningen fick statligt presstöd?  

    Efter våra analyser har vi kommit fram till att svaret på vår frågeställning är att innehållet inte har förändrats avsevärt mycket. Vår hypotes om att tidningen skulle rapportera mindre om invandringspolitik år 2010 och 2012 än 2008 stämde inte. Tidningens innehåll har inte heller med åren blivit mer neutralt, vilket var vår andra hypotes.

    Dessa svar har vi kommit fram till efter att vi undersökt texter i Nationell Idag från åren 2008, 2010 och 2012. Vi har gjort en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av totalt 334 texter samt en kvalitativ textanalys av tre texter. Med Ghersettis teori om nyhetsvärdering som stöd diskuterar vi i slutdiskussionen förändringen av innehållet i tidningen Nationell Idag.

  • 3475.
    Zemke, Jan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kumbarov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Water or Oil in the Fire?: Impact of Diversification on the Underpricing Phenomenon in IPOs & SEOs2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Acquiring capital is one of the most fundamental necessities for an enterprise. The discussed ways of doing so by this thesis, are the so called Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) and Seasoned Equity Offerings (SEOs). Although engaging in an IPO is a desire for most of the newly started firms, the process of introduction to the global market and the results of it are far from smooth and problem free. One of the main unknowns that issuers face is underpricing. Theory suggests that mechanisms for undervaluing the new stock have been devised, so that certain parties can benefit by allocation on the market.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate any possible relationship between the level of industrial diversification and the level of short-run underpricing of the two most common asset issuances - Initial Public Offerings and Seasoned Equity Offerings. Further on, it is of use to compare the severity of diversification’s effect on underpricing of IPOs and SEOs.

    Method: This research is basically solely quantitative. A database for levels of diversification and industrial underpricing for the companies that conducted IPOs and SEOs in the given time period was compiled. Statistical calculations were conducted to examine possible relationships between the variables.

    Conclusion: The paper could not see any relevant relationship between the degree of industrial diversification and the amount of “money left on the table”. The conclusion can be drawn that investors apparently do not consider the degree of industrial diversification when assessing the value of a company.

  • 3476.
    Zemke, Jan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Skånberg, Samuel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Strategier i Förvärv: Är det där skon klämmer?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the light of a corporation’s need to expand into additional spheres of the global market, acquisitions have become more and more frequent. Especially branches where transformations occur rapidly, as is the case within IT, acquisitions are prevalent. Despite this prevalence, a tremendous amount of companies fail to achieve their initial goals of an acquisition. The synergetic effects, which previously are expected, fail to achieve superior advantages. This study tries to illustrate the connection between the synergetic effects of an acquisition with the acquiror’s strategic logic throughout its business and the acquisition itself.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine whether and how IT Service Companies design their strategy and in which way an international acquisition is conducted in accordance to their overall generic strategies.

    Method: The method is based on a combination of firstly quantitative calculations of a firm’s key figures development (ROA & ROE) after an acquisition, in order to secondly analyze a set of textual data with a hermeneutic approach. This is to evaluate the strategic logic of the two most and least profitable companies.

    Conclusion: The examined cases displayed a heterogeneous group consisting of considerably different generic strategies. There was evidence leading to the conclusion that companies with a higher profitability also could prove to be following their strategy more (or mostly) consistent even throughout their ordinary operations but also in the context of the implemented acquisition.

     

     

  • 3477.
    Zenunovic, Alma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Betaltjänstdirektivets inverkan på svensk rätt och dess processuella och institutionella autonomi2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna magisteruppsats i offentlig rätt är ämnad att behandla implementeringen av direktivet om betaltjänster på den inre marknaden i svensk rätt. Betaltjänstdirektivet är väsentlig vid inrättande av den inre marknaden inom EU:s medlemsstater, då alla inre gränser skall avlägsnas för att möjliggöra fri rörlighet för varor, personer, tjänster och kapital; i det sammanhanget blir det viktigt med en modern och konsekvent rättslig ram för betaltjänster på EU-nivå. Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka implementeringen av de processuella och materiella bestämmelser i betaltjänstdirektivet som knyter an till principen om god förvaltning och därtill medlemsstaternas processuella och institutionella autonomi. Till de frågor som analyseras hör tolkning av begreppet god förvaltning och hur de utvalda principerna kan identifieras i svensk rätt genom implementeringen av direktivet. God förvaltning i denna uppsats förstås i vid mening som ett begrepp motsvarande vad enskilda har rätt att förvänta sig av det berörda förvaltningsorganet vid handläggning av ett enskilt ärende.

    Uppsatsen har visat att direktivet innehåller ett flertal bestämmelser som knyter an till principen om god förvaltning och som reglerar hur svenska myndigheter skall handlägga ärenden inom direktivets tillämpningsområde. Uppsatsen har också kunnat påvisa en tydlig påverkan på Sveriges processuella och institutionella autonomi.

  • 3478.
    Zethelius, Gustaf
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Malekzadah, Sirajideen
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att styra medarbetare med icke-finansiella kontrollfaktorer: En undersökning av förändringar i projektorganisationers platsannonser från år 2010 till år 20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The resent study in this paper is founded on the balance between the act to manage employees through non-financial control factors without risking to decrease the company’s productivity. The Autonomy paradox has led us to a discussion where management control systems, concatenated with self-management and competitive advantages, has backfired and tempt to be too “lose” Merchant & Van der Stede (2007) and non finansial way of leading (Hoeven & Zoonen, 2015). Recent studies has been made where it is claimed that the non-financial factors must be balanced against financial factors (Butler, Price, Coates, & Pike, 1998).

    Competitive advantage is by Robert Simons mentioned to be benefited as the company’s employees gets the space to act on their own lore. Jonna Bornemark at the campus Södertörn in Stockholm, have recently mentioned in her book “The immeasurable renaissance” 2018 that the administrational society has tended to increase it is capability of measuring work performance. Hacker (2017) explain this phenomenon by pointing on the progress that digitalt managementsystem has gone through sins the period around 2008.

    Can we through that this discussion show an increase of the use of “lose” (Merchant & Van der Stede 2007) managementsystems in Swedish project company’s in the las nine-year period.

    Problem

    Does the project organization's job descriptions from 2010 to 2018 seal an increased incidence of non-financial control factors / Strategic boundary systems and an increased incidence of Operational boundary systems?

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to get an understanding for how employees aspiration and progress of digital management systems have led managers to use new ways of evaluating employee performance.

    Results and conclusions

    The result as mentioned above is visualized in quantitative data there we can show that there has been a small entrance of a new non-financial factor category in the empirical material. Beyond the non-financial factor categories, quality, sustainability, delivery and efficiency, the factor Risk has started to emerge by the year 2012.

    Method

    By analyzing an empirical material which represent each year between 2010 – 2018. We will with help of the theoretical framework show a difference in presence of categories of non- financial factors. The study theoretical framework will be grounded on a qualitative discussion where previously completed research studies is used to get an understanding for how non- financial factors can be visualized. This study will therefore take a quantitative approach to visualize how these factors have increase or decrease.

    The risk factor has albeit modest started to be a part of the responsibility area that self-management employees need to handle in their work situation.

  • 3479.
    Zethzon, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Liljeberg, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Relationen mellan aktielikviditet och utdelningspolicy: En kvantitativ analys av svenska aktiebolag mellan åren 2014-20172019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate whether there is a relationship between stock liquidity and companies’ dividend policy and if there is, how this relationship appears. Stock liquidity shows how liquid a stock is which means how often it is traded on the Stock market (Banerjee et al. 2007). A stock with high liquidity is easier to sell than a stock with low liquidity because the more liquid a stock is, the higher the demand (ibid). Previous research on the American and Chinese markets has found a connection between stock liquidity and dividend policies (Banerjee et al. 2007; Jiang et al. 2017), though this connection has appeared differently in each research project. This makes the subject interesting to investigate further and on other markets such as the Swedish market.

     

    Stock liquidity has an impact on stockholders’ liquidity needs because owners of more liquid shares can sell their shares to create “homemade” dividends (Banerjee et al. 2007). Therefore, shareholders of less liquid stocks must rely heavily on dividends to satisfy their liquidity needs and has a larger interest in a generous dividend policy (ibid). A generous dividend policy is consistent with the theory Shareholder Value Maximization (Bento et al. 2016), which is a central part of this paper. The theory expresses that a company's main goal should always imply maximizing the value for their shareholders (ibid).

     

    To answer this essay´s research question “How does stock liquidity impact the eventual dividend within companies listed on the Swedish stock market?”, this paper uses a quantitative approach with cross-sectional data in a multiple regression analysis. An assumption on the outcome of the analysis was deduced from earlier research. The assumption was that Swedish companies with low stock liquidity would be less inclined to initiate dividends than companies with high stock liquidity. This paper could confirm the assumption earlier described, but the conjunction was rather weak. The relationship found between stock liquidity and dividend policy could relate to theories such as Shareholder Value Maximization and the Signalling hypothesis. Therefore, this paper could confirm that stock liquidity has an impact on stockholders and companies´ dividend policies. 

  • 3480.
    Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Us gamers want exactly what we have always wanted”: den avpolitiserade spelaren och dess ideologiska andra2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the sharp criticism directed at video games that embrace different types of what I call progressive elements, primarily those that include diversity, representation, or deviate from traditional video gaming mechanics and norms. The study is a discourse analysis of YouTube videos, where the starting point has been how the arguments construct a problem in relation to these progressive elements, with specific causes and solutions. By deconstructing these statements and then reconstructing a chain of equivalence, i.e. relations between subject positions, this shows how a binary logic carries the discourse where a specific ‘we’, The Gamer, are up against a specific ‘them’, the Social Justice Warriors (SJWs). By ways of binary discursive exclusions, the groups are constructed as opposites. In the discourse, The Gamer becomes depoliticized by relating it to concepts of rationality, game culture and the free market, whilst SJWs are associated with censorship, ideology, and non-games. In this way, The Gamer makes invisible its association with masculinity and an often pseudo-meritocratic and Social Darwinist ideology, and claims an interpretative prerogative and oppose any kind of change, on basis of truth and facts.

  • 3481.
    Zettergren, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Thornéus, Ebba
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sverigedemokraterna och flyktingar i pressen: En analys av dagspressens rapportering om Sverigedemokraterna i samband med flykting- och asylfrågor inför valet 20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka hur Sverigedemokraterna inför valet 2014 hade exponerats i medierna i samband med flykting- och asylfrågor och om det hade påverkat deras förhöjda valresultat. Sammanlagt ställdes fyra frågeställningar och fyra hypoteser upp för att utifrån dagordningsteorin belysa på vilket sätt mediernas exponering hade påverkat Sverigedemokraternas valresultat 2014. Utifrån hypoteserna utfördes tre undersökningar; en översiktsundersökning, en kvantitativ innehållsanalys samt fyra kvalitativa textanalyser utifrån den dramatiska metoden. Syftet med översiktsundersökningen var att få en överblick hur den tryckta dagspressen i Sverige har omnämnt Sverigedemokraterna i samband med flykting- och asylfrågor medan syftet med den kvantitativa innehållsanalysen och kvalitativa textanalyserna var att mer djupgående se hur två lokaltidningar skriver om partiet i samband med dessa frågor. I översiktsundersökningen genomfördes sökningar i Mediearkivet Retriever för att se hur ofta Sverigedemokraterna omnämndes i samband med orden flykting och/eller asyl i tryckt dagspress inför valet 2014 och 2010. Detta för att kunna jämföra resultaten med varandra. I den kvantitativa innehållsanalysen undersöktes artiklar från översiktsundersökningen med avgränsning till Västerbottens-Kuriren och Blekinge Läns Tidning. Därefter gjordes de kvalitativa textanalyser på fyra artiklar, två från vardera tidning. Resultatet av översiktsundersökningen visade att Sverigedemokraterna förekommit mer i artiklar rörande flykting- och asylfrågor än de andra sju riksdagspartierna medan den kvantitativa innehållsanalysen och de kvalitativa textanalyserna är att båda tidningarna var neutrala och lika i sin rapportering. Slutsatsen av undersökningen visade att mediernas exponering av Sverigedemokraterna i samband med flykting- och asylfrågor kan ha gynnat deras valresultat.

  • 3482.
    Zhang, Henry
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sahlman, Alex
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    IT-bubblans inverkan på den amerikanska aktiemarknadens volatilitet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to see how and why the volatility was affected in DJIA, S&P 500 and NASDAQ Composite during the Dot-com bubble.

    Method: The yearly and monthly volatility of DJIA, S&P 500 and NASDAQ Composite were computed with data from a period spanning 1995-2004, which were collected from Yahoo Finance.

    Empiricism: The results illustrate that the volatility was vastly higher in NASDAQ Composite than in DJIA and S&P 500 which in turn yielded a comparable volatility in relation to each other.

    Analysis: The analysis extracted the fact that the volatility rose considerably after the bubble burst during May 2000 and started waning after the panic died out circa May 2002. There were a relatively high harmony between the results of this report and the earlier studies which it was compared to.

    Conclusion: The volatility for DJIA, S&P 500 and NASDAQ 500 was higher between 200 and 2002 than during the rest of the observed period. The Dot-com bubble arose due to irrational investment behavior among investors and the panic which arose afterwards contributed to the increasing volatility which maintained a high level until it subsided after May 2002. NASDAQ Composite had the highest volatility during the Dot-com bubble while DJIA and S&P 500 had a similar volatility. All indexes followed a similar pattern, this was probably due to that companies from NASDAQ Composite reasonably should be found in S&P 500 and DJIA.

  • 3483.
    Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    A postcolonial analysis of the LGBT social movement and sport mega events2018In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3484.
    Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lokala nyhetsupplevelser à la Pokémons2018In: Interaktiv innovation imponerar.: Beta Borås: delrapport 1., Göteborg: Lindholmen Science Park: Medier och demokrati , 2018, 3Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3485.
    Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Stockholms universitet.
    Sex, Football and the Media: The case of South Africa and the World Cup 20102013In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 4, p. 25-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how gender interplays with the news agenda during a very large scale event, in a country still undergoing political transition and where journalism plays a significant role in the nation-building process. The present study brings new knowledge to this area by examining the news agendas in South Africa on a specific gender-related issue: the rights of sex workers and trafficking victims, concerning men and children as well, but women in particular. This issue is often debated in connection with global sports events such as the World Cup. Drawing on interviews with media practitioners and on discourse analysis, the purpose of this study was to examine the news discourse on sex labour and trafficking and the connection with the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The findings suggest that the media discourse during the event was permeated with the rhetoric of nation-building. The combination of sport, media, and nationalism in a country in transition resulted in the ‘symbolic annihilation’ (Tuchman, 1978b) of a specific gender issue.

  • 3486.
    Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Women Climbing the Ladder: Experiences of Affirmative Action in South Africa2014In: Global Media Journal: African edition, ISSN 2073-2740, E-ISSN 2073-2740, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 30-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine what effect an extensive affirmative action programme has had on a group of black women in the South African media, and how they perceive how existing power structures affect their everyday experiences within their respective media companies. The empirical base is an interview study with eight black women who hold or held top editorial positions in South Africa. Drawing on Bourdieu’s field theory, the results suggest that there is an escape from journalism as other forms of symbolic capital have not managed to outweigh the negative capital of being a black woman in South African journalism.

  • 3487.
    Zwedberg, Sabina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ekholm, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Omnichannel - ett verktyg för tillitsskapande: En kvalitativ studie kring kopplingen mellan omnichannel och tillitsskapande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since internet was born digitalization has flourished and led to technological innovations that opened up new opportunities on the market. In the retail sector, the digitalization and development of mobile devices, tablets and social media have changed the traditional trade both online and in physical stores. In order to cope with the challenge of digitalization and to meet consumers' new expectations, more companies have begun offering customers a seamless customer experience between physical and digital stores, called omnichannel. Omnichannel represents a very favorable opportunity for companies to exploit synergies between channels to synchronize interactions with consumers across multiple channels. The purpose of this paper is to investigate perceptions of the link between omnichannel strategy and consumers trust. Since the purpose of the study is to increase understanding of perceptions about the connection between omnichannel strategy and consumer trust, we have chosen a qualitative research method. Our empirical evidence was collected through six interviews with experts in the field of omnichannel and people that have experience of omnichannel as a strategy. The result shows that respondents perceive that companies can use different channels to create trust, but different channels have different conditions. For example, it is harder to build trust through digital channels if they are not linked to a physical store. Omnichannel can therefore create synergies in which the company can benefit from each channel's trust-making features. However, respondents perceive that omnichannel is very difficult to organize and can create major problems for companies unable to handle this integration of the channels.

  • 3488.
    Ängeby, Alice
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Öberg, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    “Se inte i backspegeln, vi har varken tid eller råd”: En kvalitativ studie om unga chefers perspektiv på jämställdhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study falls within the field of organization and management and aims to create a deeper understanding of the reproduction of inequality in organizations. The study also intends to discuss and problematize possible causes of reproduction of inequality within organizations. This is done through a deeper explanation of six young managers' perspective on gender equality.

    The theoretical chapter focuses on the topics; leadership, organizational culture, gender and equality. The study of leadership in organizations is relevant to this study as managers may have a big impact on their organization's gender equality work. The result of this study show that perceptions about various characteristics related to sex still exists. The study also shows that young managers have a positive attitude towards gender equality work in organizations, though a relatively small awareness of the subject.

  • 3489.
    Åberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Hampus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Erfarenheter från Skatteverket efter den slopade revisionsplikten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Skatteverket var emot det slopandet av revisionsplikten som skedde 2010. I sitt remissvar antydde man att detta skulle få som effekt att såväl medvetna som omedvetna fel skulle öka i företagens räkenskaper och därmed påverka även deras deklarationer. De påtalade också att skattefelet är som störst i mikro- småföretag, vilket är de bolag som omfattas av reformen, och det därmed skulle få stora effekter på skattefelet. De antydde även att de skulle komma att behöva öka sina insatser för att säkerställa att felen inte skulle påverka inkomstdeklarationer. Denna bedömning gjordes även av regeringen som anslog att detta skulle leda till ökade kostnader med 40 miljoner kronor.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka om och i så fall hur Skatteverket har förändrat sitt kontroll- och utredningsarbete med hänsyn till slopandet av revisionsplikten. Vad gäller erfarenheterna från medarbetarna är avsikten att undersöka om det empiriskt går att belägga att felen i deklarationerna har ökat.

    Metod: En kvalitativ metod har används i studien där intervjuer har genomförts med handläggare, samordnare, utredare, analytiker och revisor på Skattverket.

    Slutsatser: Våra sammanfattade slutsatser är att, förutom de "löpande bokföringskontrollerna" som Skatteverket gavs möjlighet att göra i och med reformen, har de inte aktivt förändrat sitt kontroll- och utredningsarbete. Särskilt anmärkningsvärt är att upplysningsrutorna i deklarationen som tillkom vid reformen inte beaktas överhuvudtaget i arbetet. Vidare hittar vi inget i vår studie som tyder på att de medvetna felen ("fusket") har ökat, vilket Skatteverket hade farhågor om. De omedvetna felen som görs pga. okunskap antas däremot ha ökat i omfattning, vilket får anses vara en konsekvens av slopandet av revisionsplikten. Detta anser vi i sin tur har gjort att det s.k. skattefelet troligen har ökat.

  • 3490.
    Åberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Åberg, Pernilla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kan det vara för evigt?: En kvalitativ studie av det ökade skilsmässotalets upplevda påverkan på individers attityd till långa parrelationer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine if individuals feel that increased divorce rates impact their attitude towards long-term relationships. The empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews with four young women who shared their thoughts and feelings about marriage, relationships and divorces. The study is based on theories about reflexive modernity and individualization (see Beck, Beck-Gernsheim and Giddens). The empirical data is also analyzed by Giddens’ theory of the pure relationship and his theory about the ontological security. The theory of socialization is also used along with Bourdieu’s concept of habitus.

    The result of the study shows that individuals with divorced parents are aware of the increased divorce rates in society and that it affects their attitude to long-term relationships. This can be explained primarily by using the theory of socialization and the concept of habitus. The respondent in the study whose parents still lived together considered herself protected from the increased divorce rates and experienced therefore that this did not affect her attitude to long-term relationships. The more thorough analysis nevertheless shows that all respondents are affected by the increased divorce rates in society, even if the respondent with non-divorced parents was not aware of it herself. The increased individualism and modern societies reflexive nature can explain this. This result appeared even though the study in advance did not intend to distinguish between individuals who have been through a parental divorce and individuals who have not.

  • 3491.
    Åberg, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kvinna och korrespondent: En intervjustudie med tolv kvinnliga utrikeskorrespondenter om hur de upplever sitt yrke2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens globaliserade samhälle där nationella gränser spelar allt mindre roll är utrikeskorrespondenternas rapportering en viktig del för vår förståelse av omvärlden. Man kan säga att de fungerar som publikens fönster ut mot världen. Syftet med undersökningen är att belysa kvinnliga korrespondenter som rapporterar för svenska medier. I uppsatsen står kvinnornas berättelser och reflektioner i fokus för att ge en inblick i och förståelse för deras vardag. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med tolv kvinnliga utrikeskorrespondenter undersöks hur de resonerar kring val av nyheter, vinklar och källor samt hur kvinnliga korrespondenter upplever sitt yrke och sin yrkesroll. Med ett genusperspektiv på dagordningsteorin undersöks även hur korrespondenterna tror att publiken kan påverkas av deras rapportering.

    Resultatet av de kvalitativa intervjuerna visar att de kvinnliga korrespondenterna gör många aktiva val i sin rapportering. Dessa val handlar många gånger om att lyfta kvinnofrågor, berätta kvinnors historier samt ge dem en röst i den dagliga nyhetsrapporteringen. Något de anser är viktigt för att ge en mer mångfacetterad bild av världen. De lyfter de ämnen som traditionellt ses som kvinnliga enligt teorin om mjuka och hårda frågor, men ifrågasätter uppdelningen och värderingen av mjukt och hårt.

    De vi intervjuat upplever både fördelar och nackdelar med att vara kvinna och korrespondent. Den största fördelen är att de som kvinnor har tillgång till miljöer och personer som inte deras manliga kollegor har tillgång till. De nackdelar som kvinnorna beskriver är alla knutna till sexism. De upplever att de ibland blir nedvärderade och klappade på huvudet eller utsätts för sexuella trakasserier och anspelningar på grund av sin könstillhörighet. 

  • 3492.
    Åberg, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cedmer, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Osäkerheter i projekt - en studie av projekt i den offentliga sektorn2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3493.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Civil Society and Biopolitics in Contemporary Russia: The Case of Russian ‘Daddy-Schools’2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will deal with civil society organizations active in the field of family policy and demographic issues in contemporary Russia, using Michel Foucault’s concepts of biopolitics and governmentality. More specifically, so called “daddy-schools” that have emerged in and around Saint Petersburg since 2008, are studied, using interviews and documents. A preliminary analysis shows that the organizations work as complements to the state but have also influenced policy, altered legislation and challenged established assumptions and the governmentality of the Russian state concerning parenthood, the “good” father and how to deal with the ongoing demographic crisis.

  • 3494.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Civil Society and Biopolitics in Contemporary Russia: The Case of Russian "Daddy-Schools"2015In: Foucault Studies, ISSN 1832-5203, E-ISSN 1832-5203, no 20, p. 76-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with civil society organizations active in the field of family policy and demographic issues in contemporary Russia, using Michel Foucault’s concepts of biopolitics and governmentality. More specifically, so called “daddy-schools” that have emerged in and around Saint Petersburg since 2008, are studied, using interviews and documents. The analysis shows that the organizations work as a complement to the state but have also been able to influence policy, alter legislation and challenge the established assumptions and governmentality of the Russian state concerning parenthood, the “good” father and how to deal with the ongoing demographic crisis and increase fertility.

  • 3495.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Civil Society Organizations in the EU: Being Ideological or Having an Impact?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society organizations are discussed as actors who can reduce democratic deficits in global/regional governance institutions, not least the EU which is the focus of this paper. However, organizations with different aims and ideologies often come together in large meta-organizations to address EU-institutions. This paper studies how the identity and ideological acerbity of CSOs is affected by membership in heterogeneous meta-organizations through a case study of CONCORD Europe, active in the development cooperation field at the EU level. Theoretically, neo-institutional theory and research on meta-organizations is used. Empirically, documents and interviews with representatives of CONCORD and CONCORD’s membership are analyzed.

  • 3496.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndals högskola.
    Medborgarskap och utbildningens instrumentalisering: Martha Nussbaum och den demokratiska medborgaren2014In: Att växa som människa: Om bildningens traditioner och praktiker / [ed] Anders Burman, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2014, p. 231-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3497.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Myths and Traditions as Constraints or Resources?: Path Dependency and Decoupling Strategies among Civil Society Organizations2015In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    History and traditions are important for many civil society organizations (CSOs). However, they have to mediate between their original mission and modern-day realities. This article argues that the concept of decoupling can enrich analyses of how organizations deal with path dependency. Hence, theoretically, the article discusses cross-fertilization between historical and organizational institutionalism. This is illustrated through a study of Swedish CSOs using survey data, interviews and documents. The Swedish popular movement tradition is argued to be a path that is not easily abandoned, and the results show how actors in CSOs find history to be both a resource and a constraint. Furthermore, different decoupling strategies, including both reversed and official decoupling, are used to balance between historical legacies and current challenges.

  • 3498.
    Åberg, Pelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Promoting Active Fathers: The Birth and Development of a Civic Initiative in Contemporary Northwestern Russia2014In: ISTR Conference Working Paper Series, 2014, Vol. IXConference paper (Refereed)
  • 3499.
    Åberg, Pelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Bron Jr, Michal
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Södertörn University Library.
    Milana, Marcella
    Århus University.
    Obučenie vzroslych demokratičeskoj graždanstvennosti - zadača graždanskogo obščestva?2013In: Graždanskoe obrazovanie i prosveščenie naselenija: rossijskij i zarubežnyj opyt / [ed] V. S. Tkačenko, Sankt-Peterburg: Politehnika-servis , 2013, p. 258-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3500.
    Åberg, Pelle
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Rodin, Johnny
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    What should a Russian father be like?: Exploring fatherhood norms and identifying norm patterns among inhabitants of Saint Petersburg2018In: International Political Science Review, ISSN 0192-5121, E-ISSN 1460-373X, no 4, p. 487-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on data from a survey conducted in Saint Petersburg in 2013, this article sheds new light on attitudes towards fatherhood in contemporary Russia. We explore what norms are held concerning fatherhood, how these attitudes are related to age, sex, education and income as well as to ideal?typical models established in previous research on fatherhood from Western Europe and the US. Thus, the article also discusses what explanatory value established theoretical models have for the Russian context. Norms of the role of the father in the family are related to general norms of masculinity and, hence, are an important part of the study of politics and the political climate in a society. The results show that there are several fatherhood ideals present in contemporary Northwestern Russia: a traditional breadwinner model, an active fatherhood model as well as what we refer to as a marginalized fatherhood model. The latter has not been substantially identified in previous research, and may tentatively be identified as a legacy of the Soviet era.

6768697071 3451 - 3500 of 3549
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