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  • 301.
    Widholm, Christian
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Heritage, Emotional Communities, and Imaginary Childhood Landscapes2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Employing examples from maritime heritage attractions in Sweden this paper aims to analyze how heritage stakeholders situate their enterprises through unreflective references to childhood. 

    A pioneer in the business of shipwreck tours started a heritage project by trying to convince investors and to create general interest in the planned tours by thoroughly referring to the thrilling documentary films about the Titanic by James Cameron. In contrast to the logistically complex and not-so-dramatic shipwreck tours that were eventually realized, the pioneer’s almost boyish appreciation of the adventurous qualities of Cameron’s documentary conveys feelings of childhood. Another stakeholder in the same project recalled a media event from his childhood when he talked about his early interest of old warships at the bottom of the sea. Thus he told me in an interview about how he absorbed the live television broadcast in the early 1960s of the rescue of the seventeenth-century warship Wasa in Stockholm. A third stakeholder, involved in another maritime heritage attraction, referred to his seemingly happy childhood as a contrast to contemporary selfishness and gentrification that, in his view, seem to threaten the surrounding landscapes of his heritage project located on a an island where he spent his childhood summers. 

    One of several hot-tempered arguments in David Lowenthal’s classic work The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History (1998) highlights the importance of childhood in the discourses of heritage. Since heritage merely seems to be a conspiratorial celebration of the past for Lowenthal, the childhood dimension is treated as a tool that the advocates of a specific heritage deliberately use to legitimize their version of bygone days. My research on heritage attractions confirms Lowenthal’s claim that childhood is a crucial element in heritage. Through analyses of texts and interviews pertaining to the maritime heritage attractions in Sweden, however, I contend that the use of more or less salient references to childhood could be understood as unreflective and habitual articulations. Nonetheless, even though the forms of heritage attractions may vary and the stakeholder’s so-called personality may differ, the imaginary landscapes of childhood appear to function as central prerequisites in the enterprises of heritage. However, to offer a deeper understanding of how the uses of childhood work within the logics of heritage, I propose that we move beyond Lowenthal’s critique. I propose that the references to childhood could be related to the concept of emotional communities, introduced by the historian Barbara Rosenwein (2006). The emotional community for her is a group in which people have a common stake, interests, values, and goals. These are reached through representations of emotion within in a system of norms and convention. The analysis focuses on the fabric of a social community and how emotions are discursively expressed; not unmediated feelings or emotions, which is the case in psychology. I believe that an analytical approach that makes use of the concept of emotional community with the focus on the different uses of the feeling of childhood is a way to deconstruct naturalizations, hierarchies, temporality, and spatiality within heritage.

  • 302.
    Widholm, Christian
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Idrottens kvarlåtenskap genomlyses med varierande resultat2015Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, nr 18 novemberArtikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 303.
    Widholm, Christian
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Studie av satsningar på kultur i anslutning till olympiska spel2014Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, nr 19 augustiArtikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 304. Widigson, Mats
    et al.
    Paulsson, Lars
    Olofsson, Gabriella
    Lorentzi, Åsa
    Allelin, Majsa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Ungas Medskapande: Lärande av ungas erfarenheter2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    KAIROS – Kunskap om och Arbetssätt I Rättvisa och Socialt hållbara städer – är ett av flera forskningsprojekt inom Mistra Urban Futures, ett internationellt centrum som arbetar för hållbar stadsutveckling. Delprojektet Ungas Medskapande utvecklades i samarbete med kommittén för rättighetsfrågor, Västra Götalandsregionen. Denna rapport är ett bidrag till Västra Götalandsregionens arbete med att bredda ungas delaktighet i välfärden.

    KAIROS kännetecknas som helhet av ett transdisciplinärt arbetssätt där erfarenhetsbaserad och forskningsbaserad kunskap möts för att tillsammans skapa ny kunskap. Denna rapport bygger på halvstrukturerade forskningsintervjuer med 47 ungdomar som samtliga var över 15 år. Inom urvalsgruppen skiljer sig informanterna åt i många avseenden. Några ungdomar varken arbetar eller studerar, men de flesta går i årskurs nio i olika städer i Västra Götalandsregionen. I en explorativ ansats med ungdomars villkor och upplevelser av medskapande i fokus strävade vi efter att få stor variation genom att intervjua ungdomar i olika skolformer och på flera platser.

  • 305.
    Wormbs, Nina
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wolrath Söderberg, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Retorik.
    Thinking structures of climate delay: internal deliberations among Swedes with sustainable ambitions2023Inngår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to understand how individuals in affluent societies reason around their own actions in relation to climate change. However, much of the research has focused on sceptics and those who have little interest in change. Studying those who want to contribute to a transition and why they fail is also of interest. This study is qualitative and deals with the internal reasoning of a self-selected sample of Swedes with sustainable values who argue in relation to a failed intention. Ca 400 responses were analysed. We used topos theory to identify thinking structures that guide the arguments used to deal with the cognitive dissonance that acting against knowledge and intention results in. The most common ways to argue were to imagine a climate account with possible deposits and withdrawals, or a budget which you strive to keep. Also common was to compare with something or someone that was "worse". Redirecting responsibility was also an argument, albeit complicating the issue of responsibility. The limits of reality were used as an excuse for action, whereas articulating the goal conflicts of a less emitting life made choices visible. Finally, the human condition of not always meeting your own standards was mentioned. These arguments only partly overlap common discourses of delay in the public sphere.

  • 306.
    Yazar, Mine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Jämställdhet i samråd?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljökonsekvensbeskrivning, MKB, är ett redskap som används i Sverige och 120 andra länder och processen används för att förutse miljöpåverkan som kan komma att inträffa som ett resultat av olika projekt som etableras. I Sverige krävs MKB alltid för särskilda projekt, så som vägprojekt. Processen försöker inkorporera miljöaspekter i projekt och även ge allmänhet och intressenter möjlighet att yttra sig och ställa frågor kring projektet. Detta kallas att hålla samråd vilket ska hållas under hela MKB-processen. I Sverige finns lagar som begär att samråd hålls under processen, men forskning kring jämställdhet och samrådsförfarandet kallad JämSam visar att det är en överrepresentation av äldre män på dessa möten. Denna studie eftersträvar att i internationell MKB-litteratur undersöka om det förs en diskussion kring genus i samrådsprocessen och vad som, i händelse av en sådan, diskuteras.

    Olika teorier rörande genus undersöktes och dessa tydde på att skillnader i genus beror på olik socialisation av kvinnor och män genom livet. Litteratur som rör genus och miljö visade att kvinnor har ett marginellt större interesse för miljöfrågor men att män är de som är mer aktivt deltagande.

    Resultaten av studien var att väldigt lite material påträffades, vilket i sin tur visade att genusdiskussionen inom MKB-litteratur i princip är obefintlig. Majoriteten av artiklarna som hittades nämnde kvinnor eller genus i förbifarten och i samband med andra ämnen. Bara en artikel diskuterade djupare kring ämnet. Vidare studier på området och rörande hur samrådsförfarandet ska bli jämställt behövs för att få igång en debatt på området eftersom den nuvarande situationen inte för diskussionen framåt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 307.
    Yu, Shi-Yong
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Uppsala University.
    Barnekow, Lena
    Lund University.
    Berglund, Björn E
    Lund University.
    Sandgren, Per
    Lund University.
    Holocene palaeoecology and shoreline displacement on the Biskopsmåla Peninsula, southeastern Sweden2003Inngår i: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 32, s. 578-589Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-resolution palaeoecological proxies of pollen, macrofossils and diatoms from an isolation lake provide a long-term record of the Holocene landscape history and shoreline displacement on the Biskopsmala Peninsula in central Blekinge, SE Sweden. During the Preboreal/Boreal transition, the peninsula was sparsely vegetated by woodlands, along with lateglacial dwarf shrub/steppe communities. The lake basin was isolated from the shallow Yoldia Sea during this time. The regional climate improved from 10 700 cal. BP, evident as progressive expansion of Pinus -dominated mixed forest with deciduous trees. The lake basin was probably connected with the Ancylus Lake during the period 10 700-10 100 cal. BP. Subsequently the basin became isolated again, corresponding to the Early Littorina Sea phase. Replacement of freshwater diatoms by those with brackish-water affinity at 8100 cal. BP indicates the initial transgression of the Littorina Sea in this basin. But not until 7500 cal. BP were brackish conditions fully established. Peaks of brackish-marine diatoms and dinoflagellates during 7500-7000 cal. BP indicate increased saltwater inflow to the Baltic Sea in response to global meltwater pulse 3. However, interactive changes in seagrass and stonewort macrofossil concentrations suggest that three minor transgressions during 5900-5300, 5000-4700 and 4400-4000 cal. BP occurred locally, associated with centennial-scale variations in regional wind pattern or coastal storminess. By 3000 cal. BP, the lake basin was finally isolated from the Baltic, and thereafter the landscape on the peninsula became gradually more influenced by human activities.

  • 308. Zurek, Karolina
    When Lab Results Are Not Sufficient: On the Limitations of Science in Tackling Modern Food Regulatory Concerns2009Inngår i: European Policy Analysis, nr 5, s. -8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 309.
    Zvar Hurtig, Robert
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Food Habit Transitions in the Urban Areas of Low-Income Countries: A study on how globalization and urbanization influence food habits among primary pupils in Babati town, Tanzania2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 310.
    Ånstrand, Melker
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Community-based tourism and socio-culture aspects relating to tourism: A Case Study of a Swedish student excursion to Babati (Tanzania)2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of the course, Environment and Development in the South, at University of Södertörn in Stockholm, Sweden. The report is about “new tourism” especially community-based tourism (CBT) and socio-cultural aspects relating to tourism. It is based on a literature study and a three weeks field course in Babati district in Northern Tanzania. The aim of this study is to describe how host peoples (communities) get affected especially, socio-culturally, by tourism. The aim is also to describe new tourism (especially CBT). A case-study of a Swedish student excursion to Babati is used as an example of how it affects a community (especially socio-cultural aspects) and if it qualifies as CBT.

    The theory of the study is based on sustainable development (especially socio-cultural aspects) supported by the rules of World Tourism Organization (WTO) and United Nation Environmental Program (UNEP). The theory is connected to the principles of CBT and used in the analysis to judge if the Swedish student excursion qualifies as CBT.

    The results show that the Swedish student excursion is in line with important principles of CBT, and therefore also in line with sustainable local development in some way. The major advantage with the excursion is the cross-cultural learning and the major problem is jealousness of benefit sharing according to the interviews done.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 311.
    Ånstrand, Melker
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Externhandel och mellankommunalt/regionalt samarbete utifrån ett hållbarhetsperspektiv med fokus på delregionen Södertörn2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden according to the planning and building Act municipalities have planning monopoly. The question about shopping centres in the outskirts of cities is a regional issue, because they attract customers from a large area. Municipalities often find it hard to assert themselves against large commercial companies when it comes to their establishing new retail outlets on the outskirts of cities. Without a regional co-operation there is a risk that municipalities can be played up against one another, so that more and more companies are given permits without the municipalities having taken the strategic consideration necessary for a long term sustainable development. The focus in this work is on four municipalities in the Södertörn region (Södertälje, Botkyrka, Huddinge and Nynäshamn). Today there are some out-of-town retail outlets in the first three municipalities. The main aim of this thesis is to explain why there is no co-operation between municipalities in Södertörn concerning out-of-town retailing. The aim is also to connect sustainable city development with the problems of out-of-town retails as well as the municipalities commercial policy. The study uses a hermeneutic approach and a qualitative method with one case-study. The interviews are partly based on standard procedures.

    Out-of-town retail outlets entail private car use and this is a problem from a city development perspective. To reach a sustainable city development it is important to expand transport options such as walking, biking and public transport. The project Sustainable Travel (Hållbart resande) at Södertörn supports this development. Some of the municipalities in Södertörn are trying to revitalise their local centres and this is positive from a social and ecological perspective. The four municipalities however do not co-operate concerning out-of-town retailing, and this reverts the issue back to a lack of regional planning, and their competing for purchasing power.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 312.
    Öhlund, Erika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Malmaeus, M.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Fauré, E.
    KTH.
    The significance of different realms of value for agricultural land in Sweden2020Inngår i: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 96, artikkel-id 104714Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for additional agricultural land is expected to rise by approximately 50 per cent by 2050 on a global level, and agricultural land of high quality needs to be preserved to ensure future food security. However, agricultural land per capita is decreasing. One of the main reasons for this in the EU and globally is the building of houses or infrastructure on agricultural land. There is a possibility that the Swedish agricultural sector will grow in the future and supply more regions than its own territory with food due to, e.g., climate change. Although appropriate regulations exist to support local decision makers in protecting agricultural land in Sweden, the potential to provide such protection is not fully utilised. This paper aims to contribute to explaining why Swedish municipalities build on agricultural land through an analysis of the values behind the arguments for preserving and exploiting agricultural land at the municipal level and the implications of these values for the preservation of agricultural land in Sweden. Assuming value pluralism, we analyse 30 municipal comprehensive plans through a framework of nine realms of value. We find that municipalities deploy at least eight of the nine realms of value to motivate the preservation of agricultural land, but the economic realm is more dominant among arguments to exploit agricultural land. Most plans do not consider food security. Municipalities could become better prepared to handle unexpected events if they worked with longer-term future scenarios. Further research is needed regarding how different values are weighed against each other in actual exploitation issues. © 2020

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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