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  • 301.
    Karlsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Darnay, Christopher
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Varför uppstår temporära priskrig: En spelteoretisk anlays av den svenska bensinmarknaden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats förklarar ur ett spelteoretiskt perspektiv varför det uppstår temporära priskrig på bensinmarkanden. För att kunna förklara detta fenomen måste först jämviktspriset definieras. Detta förklarats genom tillämpning av prissättningsteorin Bertrand. Teorin bekräftas genom verkliga observationer av jämviktspriset. Vidare för att kunna ur ett spelteoretiskt perspektiv analysera fram varför aktörer väljer att avvika från det rådande jämviktspriset måste aktörerna identifieras samt deras agerande märkas.

  • 302.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Offshoring and Home Country R&D2015Inngår i: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 655-676Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    National concerns are sometimes raised against offshoring of economic activities to other countries. While most of the existing literature has focused on the effects on labor demand and productivity the effects on domestic R&D have been neglected. This is unfortunate since the decision to offshore activities also includes R&D. We use unique and rich firm level data for the Swedish manufacturing sector to analyze how offshoring impacts domestic R&D and how these effects vary with respect to target region and type of firm. The results suggest that offshoring of production alter a firm’s investments in R&D in Sweden and that a negative impact on home country R&D is confined to offshoring by non-multinationals and offshoring to Europe and EU15 countries.

  • 303.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Ratio Institute.
    Service offshoring and corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?2015Inngår i: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 363-381Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze how service offshoring by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in source countries. The results suggest that firms avoid corrupt countries and that corruption reduces the volume of service offshoring. Analyzing firm heterogeneity, we find that large and internationalized firms are the ones that are the most sensitive to corruption. In addition, sensitivity to corruption tends to increase with falling income in source countries. These results suggest that the gains from reduced corruption may be the greatest for poor countries. 

  • 304.
    Kefela, Mehari Semere
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Determinants of Hotel Room Rates in Stockholm: A Hedonic Pricing Approach2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Using Lancaster’s characteristics approach to consumer theory the study investigates the impact of a variety of characteristics on the rates charged for hotel rooms in Stockholm. In particular, it examines how a number of these characteristics explain variations in room rates between weekdays and weekends. Data for 105 observations (weekday sample) and 110 observations (weekend sample) were extracted from 49 hotels in and around the Swedish capital of Stockholm from the Internet-based hotel booking site hotels.com. Based on semilog regression analysis three models for the whole sample, weekday sample and weekend sample were estimated. The results show that the provision of breakfast, distance from the city center, availability of minibar in a room, provision of free cancellation option, average room size, number of guest rooms (hotel size) and hotel star rating have significant effects on both weekday and weekend room rates. By contrast, the presence of bathroom and the provision of free parking space turned out to be insignificant in both models; whereas the provision of a 24-hour room service and association with hotel chain appear to be significant only in the weekday model. The impact of the star variable is also found to be more pronounced during the weekdays than weekends. These results are expected to shed light on which hotel characteristics consumers have to pay extra, and enhance hotel managers’ strategic pricing.

    The study also highlights the critical role of a proper definition and measurement of the hotel star rating in hedonic pricing.Many hedonic studies have regressed the number of stars, which are ordinal measures of quality that indicate the relative ranking of hotels, in their cardinal sense. As a result, they have failed to measure the impact of each rating independently. To solve this recurrent problem, the study attempts to provide another method of quantifying the star variable whereby one can accurately measure the star rating and capture the impact of each rating independently by creating “one less dummy variable than there are alternatives”. It is hoped that this will inspire further research and analysis.

  • 305.
    Kempe, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Kan hälsofrämjande åtgärder på en arbetsplats påverka de anställdas sjukfrånvaro?: En nationalekonomisk undersökning av relationen mellan hälsofrämjande insatser och kommunanställdas sjukfrånvaro i Södertälje2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukfrånvaro är en omdiskuterad samhällsfråga i Sverige. Sjukfrånvaro är kostsamt för samhället och påverkar utvecklingen på arbetsmarknaden samt på sikt ekonomisk tillväxt. Det finns en variation av sjukfrånvaro i kommunerna och en skillnad mellan sektorer, kön och åldersgrupper. Särskilt problematiskt är en ökad sjukfrånvaro bland unga personer som är en grupp som förväntas upprätthålla en stabil arbetsmarknad. För att bemöta problemet med sjukfrånvaro krävs såväl övergripande åtgärder som specifika insatser i kommuner som fokuserar på orsaker till arbetsrelaterad sjukfrånvaro.

    Mot bakgrund av det aktuella problemet med sjukfrånvaro är syftet med denna studie att undersöka om hälsofrämjande insatser påverkar kommunanställdas sjukfrånvaro i en kommun. För att undersöka faktorer om kommunanställdas sjukfrånvaro under tidsperioden 2010-2017 används data från Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting. Med Södertälje kommun som referenspunkt analyseras fem kommuner utifrån faktorerna total sjukfrånvaro, sjukfrånvaro bland kvinnor och unga personer under 30 år. Studien genomförs med hjälp av en regressionsanalys som utgår ifrån modellen difference-in-difference.

    Uppsatsens resultat är för tvetydiga för att bedöma vilka effekter hälsofrämjande insatser har för att minska anställdas sjukfrånvaro. Det övergripande resultatet är att Södertälje kommun lyckats minska sin sjukfrånvaro mer än den gemensamma trenden för jämförda kommuner. I de andra kommunerna i Stockholms län har sjukfrånvaron ökat för unga personer under 30 år mellan åren 2015 och 2017, men i Södertälje kommun har sjukfrånvaron minskat. När det gäller påverkan av sjukfrånvaro bland kommunanställda kvinnor indikerar resultatet att minskningen i sjukfrånvaro är minimal. Ett signifikant resultat är att sjukfrånvaron bland kommunanställda unga personer under 30 år har minskat påtagligt.

  • 306.
    Khatri Chhetri, Surya Bahadur
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    The Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Study and Analysis on Developing Countries2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of the thesis has been to investigate the relation between human capital and economic growth in developing countries around the world. The main research question is how the human capital impact on the economic growth in developing countries during the period of 2010 -2015.The world is mainly divided into two major groups, which are Developed & Developing countries, as well as poor & rich countries. In this thesis mainly concern only developing and poor countries and their role of the economic growth. The key factors of economic growth are GDP/capita, per capita income, birth rate, death rate, population growth rate, life expectancy at birth, working age population, education, literacy rate and investment in technology. The world is populated day by day such has never been before. In the past history it look back to 123 years to increased from one billion to two billion from 1804 to 1927.Then, next billion took 33 years. The following two billions took 14 years and 13 years, respectively (Ray, Development Economics).

     

              The data has been taken from the Developing countries around the world which is taken a cross sectional data set and data has been analysed with multiple liner regressions model with ordinary least squares (OLS). For this purpose which applied the difference tools & theory which are human capital and technology development, economic growth, norms, externalities and human social capital.   The previous studies is examined the most important factors of economic development that is economic growth and human capital investment. Similarly, the theoretical discussion is described the Solow model, human capital theory, technological progress, demographic transition and social capital. For examine the data is divided into two groups which are dependent and independent variables. Economic growth GDP/capita, GDP/capita growth rate are dependent variable and Ln. GDP initial, life expectancy at birth, population growth rate, education, working age population and investment in technology are independent variables.

     

    This analysis shows the majority of the variables in the study have positive significant relation to the GDP/capita growth. This result furthermore support the developing countries provides insight on the world economic development status towards the independents variables.

  • 307.
    Khezerian, Peiman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Exploring theoretical models with an agent-based approach in two sided markets2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing computational power and more elaborate software comes greater opportunities to complement traditional research methods with alternative methods. In this paper we argue for why the area of two-sided markets could benefit from this alternative approach and attempt to implement a theoretical model in an agent-based framework. By first replicating the theoretical findings in this framework we expand the model in increments in different directions through introducing different set of heterogeneity and behavioral limitations on our actors to see how the theoretical model develops. Only changing the model in increments found the analytical outcome to be robust for many of our changes, in this regard we have not managed to successfully take advantage of the full potential of the agent-based framework.

  • 308.
    Kilic, Niyazi
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Economics of suicide in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Suicide is social tragedy that devastates families and is very costly for society. Even though suicide have been a known social problem for over a century society have yet to solve it. The purpose of this essay is to examine whether the socio-economic theory can explain the variance of suicide rate in Sweden. From previous studies and socioeconomic theories, the variables unemployment, divorce rate, fertility was picked because of their ability to explain the variance of suicides rates. Population density was also picked because of its close relation with social isolation. A two-way fixed- effect model controlling for region and time was employed on a panel of 21 counties over the years 2005-2017. The results of the regression were that all independent variables, but population density were insignificant. The study concludes that the panel employed are not enough to determine whether the socio-economic factors can explain the variance of suicide rates in Sweden.

  • 309.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Copenhagen Busienss School.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Ratio Institute, Stockholm.
    Distance, Transaction Costs, and Preferences in European Trade2014Inngår i: The international trade journal, ISSN 0885-3908, E-ISSN 1521-0545, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 87-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Beckerman (1956) and Linder (1961) have suggested that international trade is not determined by supply-side factors alone—perceptions about foreign countries and country preferences matter. We explore the relation between exports, cultural distance, and country preferences in Europe. The results show that several distance and preference-related variables, based on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, income gaps, and voting patterns in the Eurovision Song Contest, are significantly related to bilateral trade. We conclude that cultural distance and preferences influence trade through several channels, both indirectly through transaction costs and more directly, as countries seem to prefer some trade partners before others.

  • 310.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Ratio Institute.
    Videnord, Josefin
    Uppsala university / Ratio Institu.
    The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we conduct a meta-analysis to examine the link between R&D spending and economic growth in the EU and other regions. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D in the EU15 countries does not differ from that in other countries in general, but it is less significant than that for other industrialized countries. A closer inspection of the data reveals that the weak results for the EU15 stem from comparisons with the US – the US has been able to generate a stronger growth response from its R&D spending. Possible explanations for the US advantage include higher private sector investment in R&D and stronger public-private sector linkages than in the EU. Hence, to reduce the “innovation gap” vis-à-vis the US, it may not be enough for the EU to raise the share of R&D expenditures in GDP: continuous improvements in the European innovation system will also be needed, with focus on areas like private sector R&D and public-private sector linkages.

  • 311.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Ratio Institute.
    Videnord, Josefin
    Uppsala university / Ratio Institute.
    The Growth Effects of R&D Spending in the EU: A Meta-Analysis2015Inngår i: Economics, ISSN 1864-6042, E-ISSN 1864-6042, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 2015-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors conduct a meta-analysis to examine the link between R&D spending and economic growth in the EU and other regions. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D in the EU15 countries does not differ from that in other countries in general, but it is less significant than that for other industrialized countries. A closer inspection of the data reveals that the weak results for the EU15 stem from comparisons with the US – the US has been able to generate a stronger growth response from its R&D spending. Possible explanations for the US advantage include higher private sector investment in R&D and stronger public-private sector linkages than in the EU. Hence, to reduce the “innovation gap” vis-à-vis the US, it may not be enough for the EU to raise the share of R&D expenditures in GDP: continuous improvements in the European innovation system will also be needed, with focus on areas like private sector R&D and public-private sector linkages.

  • 312.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Ljungwall, Christer
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Economic Growth and Growth Linkages in China 1994 – 20032010Inngår i: China Economic Journal, ISSN 1753-8963, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 257-276Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates to what extent income growth in the Chinese provinces is linked to growth and income levels in neighboring provinces. We find that the rate of income growth in a province is positively related to income and growth in neighboring provinces. However, we find no evidence of such positive interdependence between growth in rich coastal provinces and their immediate inland neighbors. This suggests that there has been little synchronization in economic growth rates between these regions, and/or that the immediate hinterland of the coastal growth centers might have been bypassed as China's manufacturing sector has migrated westward.

  • 313.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Mathä, Thomas
    Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Regional Integration and Trade Diversion in Europe2007Inngår i: Integration and Trade, ISSN 1995-9532, nr 26, s. 205-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper re-examines the relation between regional integration and trade by using the framework suggested by Yeats [1998] to analyze the effects of European integration. We identify the industries that experienced the largest increases in regional trade orientation during three phases of European integration, and examine the simultaneous changes in revealed comparative advantages. Our main conclusion is that there are signs of trade diversion for the earliest phase of European integration (1962-1973), when intra-regional trade increased in industries with weak comparative advantages, but not for later time periods. The main reason is that regional integration has coincided with reductions in external trade barriers, improving market access also for outsiders. At the same time, integration has promoted economic growth and import demand, which has been beneficial for outside producers. We also argue that the static concept of trade diversion is not well suited for analyzing modern integration, which aims to raise the comparative advantage of regional producers by promoting scale economies and competition. If successful, it will reduce the market shares of outsiders, but it does not constitute trade diversion: more efficient outsiders are not replaced by less efficient insiders.

  • 314.
    Kokko, Ari
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School / Ratio Institute.
    Söderlund, Bengt
    Stockholm School of Economics / Ratio Institute.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Ratio Institute.
    Redirecting International Trade: Contracts, Conflicts, and Institutions2014Inngår i: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, ISSN 0021-4027, Vol. 234, nr 6, s. 688-721Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The global financial crisis has accelerated the redirection of trade towards new markets, outside the OECD area, where both demand patterns and the institutional environment differ from those in the OECD. This study provides an empirical examination of the consequences of this shift. Results suggest that weak institutions hamper trade and reduces the length of trade relations, especially for small firms. Furthermore, trade in industries that are characterized by a high degree of trade conflicts and that requires extensive relationship specific investments for trade to occur are comparatively difficult to redirect towards markets with weak institutions.

  • 315.
    Kratz, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Hur påverkar arbetsplatsegenskaper valet av arbetsplats bland morgondagens akademiker?: En kvantitativ studie om ekonomistudenters preferenser för monetära och icke-monetära arbetsplatsattribut2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines Swedish university students stated preferences for seven job characteristics in choosing where to work. A discrete choice experiment is used to test the students’ utility functions with respect to both pecuniary and non-pecuniary job characteristics. The marginal rates of substitution between income and the six other characteristics are calculated to evaluate what trade-offs the students are willing to make. The study shows that employers should take into account both pecuniary and non-pecuniary characteristics when trying to influence the students’ job choice. The study also shows that there are small differences in the marginal rate of substitution between different subgroups of students. The socioeconomic factors that have the greatest influence on the choice are for how long the person has been studying and the gender of the student.

  • 316.
    Kratz, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Wetterholm, Åsa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Shys metod för att mäta byteskostnader - en kritisk granskning2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis’ objective is to evaluate the recently proposed Shy (2002) approach of estimating consumer switching costs. We apply Shy’s method for estimating switching costs on the Swedish markets for bank deposits and telecommunications. The evaluation has been achieved by comparing estimated results to economic theories, related empirical studies, and our expectations. No strong evidence could be found against the correctness of the calculated switching costs using the Shy approach. It is shown that results obtained by using the Shy approach appeared reasonable in most cases. However it is not found possible to establish whether this is due to the fact that the Shy approach of estimating switching cost is correct or due to contaminated data. Therefore it is not found possible to establish the Shy approach of estimating switching cost as neither incorrect nor correct. Despite these ambiguous results this thesis still contributes to an enhanced knowledge about switching costs and the problems that arouses in the estimation of these costs.

  • 317. Kumar Kar, Ashim
    et al.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Competition, performance and portfolio quality in microfinance markets2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 318.
    Kus, Maciej
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    The Role of Religion in Determining Female Labor Force Participation Rates2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at macro level data to measure the influence religion has played on female labor force participation (FLFP) rates between 1980 and 2005. It also attempts to find if this influence has changed over time. It then focuses specifically on African and post-communist nations as that is where some of the major religious changes have taken place in the last few decades. There is no clear pattern of an increasing or decreasing influence of religion on FLFP rates. Rather, different religions in different parts of the world affect FLFP in different ways. Finally, this paper looks specifically at Islamic and Catholic nations to see what variables have an effect on rising FLFP rates in those countries.

  • 319.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, Economics and IT.
    Josefsson, Pernilla
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Medieteknik. University West, Economics and IT.
    Social media marketing as an entrepreneurial learning process2011Inngår i: International Journal of Technology Marketing, ISSN 1741-878X, E-ISSN 1741-8798, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 331-340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose for this paper is to explore social media marketing fromthe perspective of entrepreneurial learning. The theoretical basis consists ofcontributions from the fields of organisational learning and entrepreneurship.An empirical study involving ten companies has been carried out. Thedata were analysed with methods inspired by grounded theory. Categoriesdescribing the companies’ social media presence from an entrepreneuriallearning perspective are provided. The value of using organisational learning asa framework for social media marketing is shown. Thus, the paper presents anovel way of studying social media activities which should contribute to thetheoretical fields of organisational learning and entrepreneurship as well as tothe understanding of social media marketing. For practitioners, the findings provide additional knowledge that should be useful for their own social media activities. 

  • 320.
    Leijonklo, Linnea
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Kartläggning och utveckling av HV71:s nätverk: En kvalitativ fallstudie gällande HV71:s orkestrering av nätverket2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Idrottsbranschen genomgår en rasande snabb utveckling vad gäller kommersialisering, medialt intresse och partnernätverk. Motprestationer är idag en självklarhet för att partners ska ingå i ett samarbete med en idrottsförening. Nätverkande har dessutom blivit allt mer intressant i dessa sammanhang, där aktuell forskning har pekat på betydelsen av nätverk och hur dessa inte uppstår ur tomma intet. Det är en mycket medveten konstruktion och utveckling över tiden är också en medveten process orkestrerad av en "hubb”, som ansvarar för nätverkets utveckling. Via ett starkt nätverk förväntar sig partners kunna skapa viktiga relationer och samarbeten för att göra fler affärer.

    Syfte: Syftet med undersökningen är att kartlägga HV71:s orkestrering av sitt partnernätverk för att ta reda på hur man kan utveckla nätverket.

    Frågeställning: Vad är partners motiv till sponsringen? Vad har partners för förväntningar på motprestationer? Hur väl fungerar arbetet idag? Vad är bra och vad kan bli bättre? Vad ska HV71 fokusera på i sin nätverksutveckling?

    Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ strategi med fallstudiedesign. HV71 och dess partners intervjuas (tio stycken frågor) och urvalet som skett har baserats på 368 partners, där 39 stycken blivit tillfrågade om intervju genom ett icke-sannolikhetsurval. 14 stycken tackade ja till intervju, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 35.9%.

    Resultat och slutsats: Exponering, publicitet, personalmotiv, relationsbyggande motiv och personliga motiv är de centrala motiven till sponsring enligt studien. Vad gäller motprestationer handlar förväntningarna i det här fallet om att säkerställa att aktiviteterna är konkreta och har ett tydligt syfte. En utmaning i att utveckla nätverket är att hitta en balans mellan ”hjärta” (exklusivitet, nära laget, delaktighet och passion för HV71) och ”hjärna” (nätverkande, engagemang, relationsbyggande och affärsmöjligheter). Ökad exklusivitet, kommunikation, relationer, socialt ansvar och den geografiska aspekten bör också fokuseras på. Studien har bekräftat att det krävs en ”hubb” som orkestrerar nätverket och som genom medvetenhet och hänsynstagande till möjligheter och utmaningar kan utveckla nätverket.

  • 321.
    Lellouchi, Mohammed
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Utvecklingsländers ekonomiska tillväxt: Finns samband mellan humankapital och tillväxt?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Economic growth may depend on several factors and it is not unusual to relate economic growth to physical capital. More recently, research on human capital has become crucial when it was discovered that not only physical capital is of importance for growth, defined as the change in gross domestic product per capita. Institutions such as hospitals and schools have proven to be important parts of a society, not only from a social perspective but also from a macroeconomic point of view. Many researchers have considered that human capital is of great importance in explaining many countries' economic development. As a starting point, previous studies on the subject and the theories of human capital have been used to identify the problem. The method is based on a linear regression analysis in which the human capital effects on growth have been examined. To complement the regression control variables such as GDP per capita, foreign direct incestments relative to GDP, economic freedom, corruption, change in population and dummy variable for democracy have been included. The empirical results of the regression showed that human capital has no significant effect on growth; however, there was a weak correlation between health and growth. It can therefore based on this study be concluded that human capital does not affect economic growth.

  • 322.
    Li, Chuan-Zhong
    et al.
    Uppsala University / Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences / Ningbo University, China.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Stockholm School of Economics.
    Growth, Water Resilience, and Sustainability: A DSGE Model Applied to South Africa2016Inngår i: Water Economics and Policy, ISSN 2382-624X, E-ISSN 2382-6258, Vol. 2, nr 4, artikkel-id 1650022Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model on how water resilience affects economic growth and dynamic welfare with special reference to South Africa. While water may become a limiting factor for future development in general, as a drought prone and water poor country with rapid population growth, South Africa may face more serious challenges for sustainable development. Using the model, we conduct numerical simulations for di¤erent parameter con…gurations with varying discount rate, climate change scenario, and the degree of uncertainty in future precipitation. We fi…nd that with sufficient capital accumulation, development may still be sustainable despite increased future water scarcity and decreased long-run sustainable welfare; While stochastic variation in precipitation has a negative effect on water resilience and the expected dynamic welfare, the e¤ect is mitigated by persistence in the precipitation pattern. With heavier time discounting and lower capital formation, however, the current welfare may not be sustained

  • 323. Li, Chuan-Zhong
    et al.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Growth. Water Resilience and Sustainability: A DSGE Model Applied to South Africa2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 324.
    Lindblad, Elinor
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Bostadsrätt och hedoniska priser: En studie av Stockholms bostadsmarknad2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade efterfrågan på bostäder i Sveriges städer har pressat upp priserna på bostadsrätter, framförallt i Stockholms innerstad. Trots den höga prisnivån skiljer sig priserna relativt mycket åt mellan bostadsrätter. Vad har en dyr bostadsrätt som en ”billig“ saknar?

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på vilka egenskaper som påverkar bostadsrättens pris samt estimera hur stor denna påverkan är. Detta sker med hjälp av hedonisk metod och en regressionsanalys där priset är beroende variabel och bostadsrättens fysiska samt läges- och ekonomirelaterade egenskaper är oberoende variabler.

    Resultatet visar att bostadsrättens boarea, antal rum, avgiften och vad den inkluderar samt balkong påverkar priset. Även fastighetens ålder samt läget påverkar priset i viss mån.

  • 325.
    Lindgren, Beatrice
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Insynshandel och effektiviteten på svenska aktiemarknaden.: En eventstudie om sambandet mellan insynshandel och överavkastning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att testa hypotesen om effektiva marknader. Denna uppsats avser att undersöka effektiviteten i samband med att ny insiderinformation tillfaller den svenska aktiemarknaden.

    Metod: Kvantitativ studie som via en deduktiv forskningsansats ska teori pröva effektiva marknadshypotesen. Med en eventstudie som statistisk metod försöka mäta effekterna av en specifik händelse. Genomsnittlig avkastning samt ackumulerande genomsnittlig avkastning beräknas och signifikanstestas utifrån formulerade hypoteser.

    Teoretisk referensram: Givet syftet för uppsatsen tillämpas effektiva marknadshypotesen för att analysera empiriska resultat.

    Empiri och resultat: Kvantitativ data har använts i form av avkastningen för 35 börsnoterade bolag under 11 dagar, vilka främst redovisas genom tabeller och grafer.

    Slutsats: Resultaten påvisar inget samband mellan information om insynshandel och överavkastning på kort sikt. Resultaten från studien tyder på att det inte går att imitera insynspersoners handel och genom detta skapa en överavkastning. Ingen statistisk signifikant överavkastning har kunnat påvisas. Resultaten både styrks och motstrids av tidigare studier, vilket försvårar möjligheten att helt och hållet värdera studiens resultat. Resultaten tyder på att man bör vara försiktiga med att använda insiderhandel som investeringsstrategi, då de inte har kunnat påvisas någon generell överavkastning.

  • 326.
    Ljung, Mathilda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Lund, Matilda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    "Behöver befolkningen vara frisk för att landet ska få ekonomisk tillväxt?": En tvärsnittsstudie om hälsans effekt på ekonomisk tillväxt i världens minst utvecklade länder2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Health has long been referred to as a contributing development factor for economic growth, and health investments have been implemented as a strategy for achieving economic development. However, several countries have reached economic growth before improving health status, which raises questions of the significance of public health related to economic growth. The economic inequalities between countries tend to increase along with enlarged differences in health status, is there possibly a correlation between these occurrences?

    The purpose of this essay is to make a theoretical contribution by examining the impact of health on economic growth based on the world’s least developed countries (LDCs). This relationship has not been studied within these countries before and the essay intends to find out if basic health is a prerequisite for economic growth. The hypothesis of the study is a positive correlation between improvement of health status in a population within a country and its economic growth.

    Quantitative approach through a cross-sectional study of the independent variables health investments, initial GDP per capita, life expectancy and HIV along with the dependent variable of GDP per capita growth. Data from 48 LDCs during the period 1995 – 2015 was obtained. A regression analysis of Ordinary Least Squares, VIF-test and QQ-plot was performed through the computer program Gretl 2016c. 

    The variation in GDP per capita growth can be explained to 75 % by changes in the health-related variables. Previous theories regarding the positive effect on economic growth from increased health investments, lower initial GDP per capita and increased life expectancy were supported in this study. Health investments and initial GDP per capita showed a statistically significant correlation to economic growth. Life expectancy lacked significance, but was supported by previous research. The variable for HIV showed a positive correlation to economic growth, contrary to previous theories. The relationship can although be explained by insufficient data and low significance.

  • 327.
    Ljungwall, Christer
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Ratio Institute.
    Is China Different? A Meta-Analysis of China’s Financial Sector development2012Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 7, s. 715-718Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine whether China has benefited more than other countries from financial sector development by performing a meta-analysis of the relevant literature covering a large number of countries at different stages of development. Although the results for China are inconclusive, they indicate the absence of a direct link between financial development and economic growth.

  • 328.
    Ljungwall, Christer
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Ratio Institute, Stockholm.
    Is China Different? A Meta-Analysis of the Growth-enhancing Effect from R&D Spending in China2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine whether China has benefited more from spending on R&D than other countries by conducting a meta-analysis of the relevant literature on a large number of countries at different stages of economic development. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D spending in China has been significantly weaker than that of other countries. It is thus unlikely that R&D spending has been successful as a key contributing factor to economic growth in China.

  • 329.
    Ljungwall, Christer
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Ratio Institute, Stockholm.
    Is China Different? A Meta-Analysis of the Growth-enhancing Effect from R&D Spending in China2015Inngår i: China economic review, ISSN 1043-951X, E-ISSN 1873-7781, Vol. 36, s. 11s. 272-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine whether China has benefited more from spending on R&D than other countries by conducting a meta-analysis of the relevant literature on a large number of countries at different stages of economic development. The results suggest that the growth-enhancing effect of R&D spending in China has been significantly weaker than that of other countries. It is thus unlikely that R&D spending has been successful as a key contributing factor to economic growth in China.

  • 330.
    Lundberg, Nathalie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    An econometric analysis of the electricity price: And a further analysis on the deciding factors for increased renewable energy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this thesis is to investigate various variables that are pre-assumed to be of importance of the electricity price. With econometric analysis estimation on their influence of the electricity price are made. This is important when consider the electricity market and its future challenges towards renewable energy that are intermittent energy. The market and supply primarily need to consider the competitiveness, the environmental impact from the production of the electricity and delivery. These three consideration depend on which energy that are evaluated which means that instruments to achieve different goals are needed. The results from the econometric analysis is that the included variables have a significant impact of the electricity price. Rainfall and nuclear power produce about 80 percent of the electricity. Temperature and fossil fuel are of importance as well, during periods with stricter weather conditions it is demanded more electricity for our households and the continuously match of supply and demand at the market sometimes requires coal as input good for production of electricity. The increased renewable energy, also give some explanation towards increased fossil fuel combustion when supply becomes insufficient. But increased wind and solar also increase the supply of electricity with a lower cost of production compared to coal and nuclear power. Earlier studies have estimated that a decreased electricity supply from nuclear power will affect the price negative which means that the price of electricity will increase. In this thesis that assumption is a strong assumption and the suggestion is that it depend on the development of new hydro, wind and solar power proceed. 

  • 331.
    Lundberg, Nathalie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Frihandelns inverkan på ekonomisk tillväxt: En statistisk studie om den effekt frihandel haft på ekonomisk tillväxt hos de minst utvecklade länderna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our essay investigates if free trade results in economic growth for the developing countries. We have decided to investigate the least developed countries (LDC) in order to understand how they react with free trade. We have implemented a regression analysis with secondary data of a onetime period, it includes 10 years, 2004-2014. This essay will give us a better understanding for what the LDC countries require to grow and how they can integrate in a more active presence in the world economy and create better living standards for themselves. The analysis is about different factors that are crucial for free trade to result in economic growth. We have found that free trade does encourage the economic growth. There is significant result in the total regression analysis for free trade. We can forecast that investments and free trade interact with each other and the investment variable is also significant in some aspects. With a wider view in trade there will encourage the investments and acknowledge spillovers in both production efficiency like technology and structural improvements but also the human capital and the institutions can be considered as a fraction for the total possible development that is possible with free trade. Also demand and preferences is a part of this essay, when we discusses possible patterns when countries decide trading partners.

  • 332.
    Lundberg, S.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Bergman, Mats A.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Tendering design when price and quality is uncertain2017Inngår i: International Journal of Public Sector Management, ISSN 0951-3558, E-ISSN 1758-6666, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 310-327Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze how local and central authorities choose between lowest price and more complex scoring rules when they design supplier-selection mechanisms for public procurements. Five hypotheses are tested: a high level of cost uncertainty and highly non-verifiable quality makes the use of the lowest-price supplier-selection method less likely. Organizational habits and transaction-cost considerations influence the choice of mechanism. Strong quality concerns make complex rules more likely. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis departures from normative theory (rational choice) and is based on the regression analysis and survey data comprising a gross sample of 40 contracting authorities and detailed information about 651 procurements. Findings: More complex scoring rules are used more often when the authority is uncertain about costs and about delivered quality. Authority effects are also found to directly and indirectly influence the choice of supplier-selection method, suggesting that tendering design is partly driven by local habits and institutional inertia. Practical implications: The authors argue that, from a normative point of view, lowest price is an adequate method when the degree of uncertainty is low, for example, because the procured products are standardized and since quality can be verified. When there is significant cost uncertainty, it is better to use the so-called economically most advantageous tender (EMAT) method. (Preferably this should be done by assigning monetary values to different quality levels.) If there is significant uncertainty concerning delivered quality, the contracting authority should retain a degree of discretion, so as to be able to reward good-quality performance in observable but non-verifiable quality dimensions; options to extend the contract and subjective assessments of quality are two possibilities. The main findings are that EMAT and more complex scoring rules are used more often when the contracting authorities report that they experience substantial uncertainty concerning delivered quality and actual costs and that these factors tend to decrease the weight given to price, in line with the predictions. However, the authors also find that this result is mainly driven by variations between authorities, rather than by between-products variation for the same authority. This is from a training of professionals and regulation perspective of policy relevance. Social implications: Contract allocation based on habits rather than rational ground could implicate the waste of resources (tax payers money) as it adventures the matching of the preferences of the public sector (the objective, subject matter, of the procurement) and what the potential supplier offers in its tender. Originality/value: Although the principles for supplier selection are regulated by law they give the contracting authority substantial freedom in designing the scoring rule and in choosing what quality criteria to use. The tension between different objectives and the more general question whether the choices made by authorities reflect rational decision making or institutional inertia together motivate the current study. While the design of the supplier-selection mechanism is an important consideration in procurement practice, it has attracted relatively little attention from the academic community.

  • 333.
    Lundblad, Therése
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Rosenqvist, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Utvecklingsländers ekonomiska tillväxt: Studie i vilka faktorer som påverkar utvecklingsländers ekonomiska tillväxt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka faktorer är av vikt för att uppnå ekonomisk tillväxt? Kring denna fråga har det ständigt debatterats. Det är viktigt för ett land hur dess ekonomiska tillväxt fungerar, hur de uppnår detta kan ske på olika sätt och vad som påverkar den ekonomiska tillväxten finns det blandade meningar om. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka samt förklara vilka faktorer som skapar denna ekonomiska tillväxt, vi kommer undersöka detta genom att titta på den grupp som kallas för utvecklingsländer.

    Det finns tidigare studier inom detta område men de vi har sett till har delade meningar, vilken om någon specifik faktor som bidrar till ekonomisk tillväxt mer än någon annan. Däremot så finns det gott om tillväxtteorier som försökt förklara vilka faktorer som påverkar tillväxten, vilka vi har använt oss av för att förklara resultatet av analysen.

    Vi har använt oss av en linjär regressionsmodell, där den beroende variabeln ekonomisk tillväxt är representerad av förändringen i bruttonationalprodukten per capita. Modellen har testat gentemot åtta stycken oberoende variabler som anses kunna påverka tillväxten och på så sätt har vi kunnat se var utvecklingsländers tillväxt kan komma ifrån. Data som använts i denna undersökning är sekundärdata, som kommer från internationella organisationer.

    Resultatet som vi fick fram kom att visa att tre av våra variabler var av signifikant betydelse för den ekonomiska tillväxten i utvecklingsländerna. Dels var det vilket statsskick som länderna i fråga hade, dels hur stor del av bruttonationalprodukten som bestod av utländska direktinvesteringar, och sist var även ländernas populationstillväxt av betydelse för hur väl landet lyckades uppnå ekonomisk tillväxt.

  • 334.
    Lundin, Jesper
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    The Gravity of Liberation: An analysis of Hong Kong's trade flows2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    June 1 1997. After 155 years under British rule, Hong Kong was reunited with its ancient roots, China. The administrative power shifted. What happened then? In this paper we analyze how Hong Kong’s trade flows changed after the liberation. We conduct our analysis with main focus on the trade predicting factors of Gravity, Institutional quality and Hong Kong’s relationship to China. We have found that trade flows did not significantly change much, however, Hong Kong’s attitude towards its trade partners’ institutional quality seem to have. Further, Hong Kong seem to have embraced the reunification with China and is now more dependent of its new ruler, in terms of trade, than before.

  • 335.
    Lundkvist, Jakob
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Helmeus Nyman, Robert
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Vilka faktorer och tankesätt ligger till grund för att en stor andel av svenska premiepensionssparare är passiva?: Forskning och statistik visar att kontinuerlig aktiv placering i genomsnitt ger högst avkastning, ändå är en stor andel av premiepensionsspararna passiva2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur premiepensionssparare tar beslut och vad som ligger till grund för valet att vara aktiv eller passiv i syfte att skapa ökad förståelse och underlätta utformningen av ett ökat beslutsstöd för premiepensionsspararna. Tidigare studier har visat att premiepensionssparare som är kontinuerligt aktiva i sin placering är de som får högst avkastning på sin premiepension, ändå är en stor andel av svenska premiepensionssparare passiva. Studien undersöker några av de faktorer och tankesätt som ligger till grund för att en stor andel av svenska premiepensionssparare inte tar beslut som förväntas enligt teoretiska beslutsteorier som förutsätter rationalitet. Som verktyg för att undersöka och öka förståelsen för premiepensionssparares beslutsfattande används prospect theory som är en alternativ teori till den klassiska ekonomiska teorin om ekonomiskt beslutsfattande. Studien grundar sig i problematiken som uppstår när samhällsutvecklingen allt mer skapar större informationsflöde samtidigt som allt mer beslut och risk läggs på individen. Mängden information ökar samtidigt som det blir allt svårare att filtrera vilken information som är viktig. Genom enkätundersökning visar studien att informationsöverflöd och kunskapsbrist är de främsta orsakerna till valet av passivitet. Studien visar också att en högre kvalitet på den information som ges om fonder och premiepensionsystemet skulle kunna få fler premiepensionssparare att bli aktiva. Studien ger även indikationer om att svenska premiepensionssparare tar beslut enligt prospect theory.

  • 336.
    Lundqvist, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Unemployment and Crime2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relationship between unemployment and crime by examining the large variation in unemployment in Sweden between 2007 and 2017. In this paper, I use a panel data set that consist of 3190 observations over 290 municipalities. The variation in unemployment serves as a proxy for macroeconomic events. The results suggest at best a weak effect from unemployment on violent crime and no effect from unemployment on property crime which goes against the established crime theory.

  • 337.
    Lundqvist, Olivia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Michael, Erazo
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    What determines Chief Executives compensation?: An empirical study of the compensation to Chief Executive Officers in Swedish listed firms during 2007 to 20102014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Chief Executive Officers (CEO) remuneration has been a hot topic the last couple of years and has brought a great amount of attention in the media, when some companies have increased the CEO’s compensation even though the firm have been reporting lower earnings. Bonus systems have recently become more frequent to increase CEOs incentives, but have also been a disputed subject since the financial crisis in 2008.

    The aim of this thesis is to study the relation between CEO compensation and companies’ size as well as performance. The study extends over a four-year period, from 2007 to 2010, comprising the companies within the finance and real estate industry listed under large-, mid and small cap on NASDAQ OMX Stockholm. A four-year period from 2000 to 2003 and a  three-year period after the financial crisis from 2011 to 2013 is analyzed and taken into account in the study to get a deeper understanding of how the compensation has varied over time. The study takes a quantitative approach using secondary data from the companies’ annual reports. A pooled regression analysis is used as the statistical method where we are able to take multiple companies into account over several periods.

    The empirical results find that there is no significant relation between CEO compensation and firm performance. The study does however show a strong positive relation with market capitalization, suggesting that the companies’ size have a great effect on the CEO compensation.

  • 338.
    Luoma, Alem
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Tax competition among municipalities in the central part of Sweden   : An empirical study: Does municipal taxation decisions depend on taxations in neighboring municipalities?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The primary task of this paper is to test the interactive relations between tax rates at municipality level. We include 96 municipalities between the years 2006 to 2013.   The relations are estimated by panel data instrumental variable estimation method with fixed effect for overcoming the possible specific error of simultaneity. In addition, we choose a set of control variables to strength our analysis. The main findings of this study suggest, one percent tax cut in the neighboring municipality leads to a 0,62 percent decrease in the tax in the home municipality ceteris paribus. This result is in line with theory and is similar to findings in previous studies such as Edmark and Åhgren (2008).

  • 339.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 4, Företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, MikaelSödertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).Rafferty, MichaelNalson, Ian
    Money and finance in transition: research in contemporary and historical finance2003Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Economics is undergoing important shifts in focus and theoretical orientation. In part, this has been a response to the need to address changing economic circumstances, including the collapse of communism, globalisation and financial volatility. In addressing those problems economists have also been forced to re-examine many long held principles and approaches. This book is a collection of essays addressing themes that are part of that process of critical re-evaluation: exchange rate regimes, internationalisation of investment, and the economics of transition. The book brings these issues together in a way that draws out some of the common themes and issues as well the current frontier of research in each area. It will be of interest to economists as well as those concerned with the way economics as a discipline has been addressing important questions about the world we are living in as well as how history can help us to understand it.

  • 340.
    M. Bashir, Ayoub
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Tillämpning av hedonisk prissättning på bostadsrätter: En analys av bostadsmarknaden i Uppsala2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera vad det är som påverkar bostadspriserna på Uppsalas bostadsmarknad. Det är spekulanternas önskemål och krav, det vill säga deras betalningsvilja som påverkar priset. Det kan skilja sig mellan olika spekulanter men för det mesta ses ett tydligt mönster. Spekulanter värdesätter t.ex. områden som ligger nära centrum. Detta kan bero på att Uppsala är en studentstad där det är många studenter som rör sig från och till staden varje år. Bekvämlighet och närhet till bland annat universitet väger in mycket.

    Studiens statistik kommer från en av Uppsalas största mäklarbyråer Widerlöv & Co. Möjligheten att bolla tankar och idéer med några av deras mäklare som har varit aktiva i branschen länge har varit värdefull. 

     

  • 341.
    Maengando Angshed, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    von Fluck, Vendela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    An analysis of the determinants of Foreign Direct Investments to OECD countries2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the determinants of inward foreign direct investment to OECD countries. The focus is on horizontal FDI. The purpose of the research is to contribute to the ongoing research, and adding value. This is done by using a dynamic perspective of time, and controlling for country-specific characteristics. The thesis uses panel data covering all 36 OECD countries over a 23 year long time period, 1995-2017. Three regressions have been done using a linear fixed effects model, as well as four addition regressions testing the robustness of the results. Earlier studies have received spread results, as have this study. It found market size, economic stability, trade openness, and currency value as significant determinants of the inward flow of FDI to OECD countries.

  • 342.
    Mai, Anh
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Örebro universitet.
    Organizing for Efficiency: Essays on merger policies, independence of authorities, and technology diffusion2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 343.
    Mai, Anh
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    The impact of regulation on broadband diffusion in EuropeManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 344.
    Mai Thi Van, Anh
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Is EU Merger Policy Less Stringent After Its 2004 Reform?2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper studies how the 2004 merger policy reform affected the probability of a merger being challenged by the European Commission. I use a probit model to assess how economic factors drive decisions and to isolate differences between policies before and after the reform. The net sample consists of 341 horizontal mergers from 1990 to 2012. Overall, I find robust evidence of policy shifts due to the reform. By some measures, the policy appears to have slightly softened. There is also an indication that mergers reviewed under the unilateral-effects theory are more likely to be challenged than are those reviewed under the coordinated-effects theory. Market shares and entry barriers are found to influence decisions before and after the reform. However, market shares appear to play a somewhat smaller role after the reform.

  • 345.
    Malmberg, Charles
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Nyberg, John
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Taylorregeln och negativa styrräntor: En empirisk analys av Taylorregelns relevans i Danmark, Schweiz och Sverige åren 2000-20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inflationen har i många länder varit låg sedan finanskrisen 2008. I försök öka inflationstakten har centralbanker sänkt sina räntor till rekordlåga nivåer. I Danmark, Schweiz och Sverige har styrräntorna varit negativa. John B Taylor föreslog 1993 en makroekonomisk regel med syfte att kunna ge en prognos för styrräntan. Enligt Taylorregeln kan styrräntan förklaras av tidigare perioders inflationstakt och bruttonationalprodukt. Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka Taylorregelns empiriska relevans i Danmark, Schweiz och Sverige under perioden 2000 till 2018. Två tester genomförs. Det första är att, med en linjär regressionsmodell, undersöka sambandet mellan styrränta, inflationsgap och BNP-gap. Det andra är ett Granger-kausalitetstest för att se om den implicerade kausaliteten i Taylorregeln stämmer. Granger-testet bygger på resultaten från en vektor autoregression. Resultaten i denna uppsats visar att det finns ett samband mellan inflationstakt och styrränta, men inte mellan BNP-gap och styrränta i de valda länderna under undersökningsperioden. Vidare visar resultaten att kausaliteten går från inflationsgap och BNP-gap mot styrränta, som Taylorregeln föreslår. Resultatet lyckas inte påvisa att negativa styrräntor skulle påverka Taylorregelns relevans.

  • 346.
    Manteli, Aikaterini
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Does Trade Openness cause Growth?: An Empirical Investigation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the casual relationship between trade openness and economic growth in a sample of 87 countries (developing & developed) during the period 1970-2013. According to the previous literature, the openness-growth relationship seems to be relatively unclear and inconclusive, although the general tendency is that openness has a positive impact on economic growth. Our empirical results confirm this ambiguous relationship and provide evidence which vary across model specification. Regarding of the per capita income regression for all countries, trade openness has a positive but not a robust impact on income, as the coefficient of openness is positive but at the same time insignificant. As far as growth regression is concerned, it seems that there is a positive relationship between openness and growth for all countries. More specific, for developing countries trade openness has a negative effect on income per capita and a positive one on income growth. On the other hand, a negative relationship between openness and income per capita and income growth presented in our results for developed countries.

  • 347.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    A Sequence Analysis of Money, Savings, and Investments under Negative Interest Rates2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Internationella Handelshögkolan, Högskolan i Jönköping .
    Bank-Industry Networks and Economic Evolution: An Institutional-Evolutionary Approach1998Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 349.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Civil Society Formation and Global Exchange: Lithuania, Sweden, the Baltic Sea Area, and the World2007Inngår i: Indian Journal of Economics and Business, ISSN 0972-5784, s. 109-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 350.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Culture, Social Interactions, and Natural Resources: Some Reflections on Culture as Social Capital and Julian Simon’s Ultimate Resource in Lithuania and Sweden2009Inngår i: Handbook of social interactions in the 21st century / [ed] Anne T. Heatherton, Vivian A. Walcott, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, s. 21-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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