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  • 301. Tosoni, Simone
    et al.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Media ethnography for busy People: Introducing students to the ethnographic approach in media-related syllabi2016Inngår i: Politics, Civil Society and Participation: Media and Communications in a Transforming Environment / [ed] Leif Kramp, Nico Carpentier, Andreas Hepp, Richard Kilborn, Risto Kunelius, Hannu Nieminen, Tobias Olsson, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Ilija Tomanić Trivundža and Simone Tosoni, Bremen: edition lumière, 2016, s. 337-347Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching the ethnographic approach is a challenging effort in higher education due to the increasing time constraints that characterize current academia. A debate about how to teach ethnography is therefore particularly urgent. As a contribution to foster this debate, this article presents and discusses a practical exercise, first tested at the SuSo 2015 Summer School. The method is based on taking pictures of media practices, texts and technologies in public spaces. The mediation of the camera allows students to engage with the field and to experiment with the ‘denaturalizing’ vision that generally characterizes eth-nographic approaches to media use and consumption. This reflexive stance is further fostered by a classroom discussion on the practice of observation and on the materials produced. In this way, the exercise aims at an acceptable com-promise between the reduced time available for teaching and the advantages of allowing students to personally experience the practicalities of method

  • 302.
    Uldam, J.
    et al.
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Towards a framework for studying political participation in social media2017Inngår i: (Mis)Understanding Political Participation: Digital Practices, New Forms of Participation and the Renewal of Democracy / [ed] Jeffrey Wimmer, Cornelia Wallner, Rainer Winter, Karoline Oelsner, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, s. 181-195Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 303. Valenzuela - Fuentes, Katia
    et al.
    Polanska, Dominika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    The right to housing in theory and in practice: going beyond the West2017Inngår i: Interface: a journal for and about social movements, ISSN 2009-2431, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 359-367Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last three decades processes of urban development have spread speedily across the globe, transforming hundreds of cities into primary sites for the implementation of a neoliberal agenda. As expected, this global phenomenon brings with it a number of negative consequences for the lives of disadvantaged urban residents. Privatization and commercialization of public space and housing stocks, increasing gentrification of neighbourhoods and deregulation of the housing sector are only a few examples of the adverse scenario that people from less well-off backgrounds have to face. These processes constitute capital-driven strategies that have been enforced by displacing, evicting, marginalizing and criminalizing communities who are, at the same time excluded from any participation in the decision-making process of the urban restructuring. These actions, carried out by corporations, investors and developers and closely backed up by entrepreneurial governments (Mayer, 2009) or “centaur-states” (Wacquant, 2012) are embedded in an accelerated process of accumulation by dispossession (Harvey, 2008) that has exacerbated inequality and widened the gap between the rich and the poor. The effects of this growing polarization in the distribution of power and wealth can be easilyobserved in the spatial forms of the cities, in which gated communities, glittering city centre developments and privatized areas under non-stop surveillance coexist in sharp separation with favelas, precarious and informal settlements and impoverished working class neighbourhoods (Harvey, 2012; Lipman, 2011).

  • 304.
    Varela, Daniela Renee
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Netflix Experience: Reshaping the Creative Process: Cultural Co-Production of Content: A user-focus approach to recommendation algorithms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This project proposes a user-focused approach to study the algorithm logic of on-demand apps, using Netflix as a case study. The main research interest is the perception that the user has about the suggestion and recommendation logic of Netflix. In order to gather the information, a walkthrough method on Netflix was applied as well as personal, in-depth think aloud interviews were carried out. The sample consisted on a selection of heavy users, millennials ex-pats living in Singapore and working in the creative industry to get specific insights on their relationship with the algorithm. 

    To analyze the gathered material, qualitative content analysis was carried out. This kind of study is important within today’s contemporary media environment to have integral approach to users perceptions instead of just analytical figures and numbers. The theoretical context used to enlight some of the conclusions discussed on this research were based on the study of media in everyday life, global cultural industry studies, as well as algorithm culture and the science and technology studies. How algorithms are perceived have major repercussions not only on on-demand apps, technology business models or entertainment industry but also an intense influence on the way people consume content.

    Re-thinking the user as a co-producer of information and knowledge, considering some of the implications this phenomenon might have on the creative industry and how that affects on our daily life are some of the issues this research elaborated on.

    It can be said that the selected sample appreciates the suggestion logics and it has multiple functionalities: recommendation, curation, entertainment, companionship and leisure. Netflix Originals are very well validated; being one of the main attractions of the app. Interface, functionality and features are also items that the sample positively highlights. The accuracy perception of the algorithm is good, although low when compared to other countries where the sample used the app. The same applies to the amount of content and titles available, being these last two, issues that Netflix could improve.  

    This research was conducted for 8 months, from October 2016 to May 2017, for Sodertorn University – Stockholm, Sweden, with the guidance and support of Associate Professor Anne Kaun. 

  • 305.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Data that warms: Waste heat, infrastructural convergence and the computation traffic commodity2016Inngår i: Big Data and Society, ISSN 2053-9517, E-ISSN 2053-9517, Vol. 3, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the ways in which data centre operators are currently reconfiguring the systems of energy and heat supply in European capitals, replacing conventional forms of heating with data-driven heat production, and becoming important energy suppliers. Taking as an empirical object the heat generated from server halls, the article traces the expanding phenomenon of ‘waste heat recycling’ and charts the ways in which data centre operators in Stockholm and Paris direct waste heat through metropolitan district heating systems and urban homes, and valorise it. Drawing on new materialisms, infrastructure studies and classical theory of production and destruction of value in capitalism, the article outlines two modes in which this process happens, namely infrastructural convergence and decentralisation of the data centre. These modes arguably help data centre operators convert big data from a source of value online into a raw material that needs to flow in the network irrespective of meaning. In this conversion process, the article argues, a new commodity is in a process of formation, that of computation traffic. Altogether data-driven heat production is suggested to raise the importance of certain data processing nodes in Northern Europe, simultaneously intervening in the global politics of access, while neutralising external criticism towards big data by making urban life literally dependent on power from data streams.

  • 306.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ethnography of Open Cultural Production: From Participant Observation to Multisited Participatory Communication2016Inngår i: Methodological Reflections on Researching Communication and Social Change / [ed] Wildermuth, Norbert and Ngomba, Teke (Eds), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 139-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 307.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Free Software Beyond Radical Politics: Negotiations of Creative and Craft Autonomy in Digital Visual Media Production2016Inngår i: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 43-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Free software development and the technological practices of hackers have been broadly recognised as fundamental for the formation of political cultures that foster democracy in the digital mediascape. This article explores the role of free software in the practices of digital artists, animators and technicians who work in various roles for the contempo-rary digital visual media industries. Rather than discussing it as a model of organising work, the study conceives free software as a production tool and shows how it becomes a locus of politics about finding material security in flexible capitalism. This politics is ultimately contradictory in that it extends creative and craft autonomy of digital artists but does not mobilise a critical project. Instead, it nurtures further precarious labour. Empirically, the article draws on eth-nographically collected material from the media practices of digital artists and programmers who engage with two popular free software production tools, Blender and Synfig.

  • 308.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Media Technologies in the Making: User-driven Software and Infrastructures for Computer Graphics Production2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past few decades there have emerged greater possibilities for users and consumers of media to create or engage in the creation of digital media technologies. This PhD dissertation explores the ways in which the broadening of possibilities for making technologies, specifically software, has been taken advantage of by new producers of digital culture – freelancers, aspiring digital media creators and small studios – in the production of digital visual media. It is based on two empirical case studies that concern the making of free software for computer graphics animation production in two contexts: by a loose collective of anime fans in Siberia, Russia, and by a small animation studio in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The case studies are presented and analysed in the scope of four journal articles and one book chapter which form the core of the dissertation.

    The dissertation draws on a media practice perspective and an understanding of software as an artefact that concentrates and mediates specific infrastructural arrangements that entangle politics of technological production, economic interests and practice-related concerns. The analytical focus of the research problematises in particular practices of software decommodification and its further repair and development by non-programmers; the anchoring of software development and repair in actual production practices of computer graphics animations; and a commitment to sharing software, animations and other artefacts online as commons. The thesis combines several concepts from anthropology and science and technology studies to theorise these practices: – politics and regimes of value (Appadurai, 1986); repair and artful integrations (Jackson, 2014; Suchman, 2000); gifting (Baudrillard, 1981; Mauss, 1925/2002) and autonomy (cf Bourdieu, 1993). Bringing together these concepts, the dissertation regards them as constitutive and indicative of what I refer to as ‘media-related infrastructuring practices’, or practices in which non-programmers generate infrastructures through creating and mediating arrangements around technical artefacts like software.

    The results of the dissertation indicate how making free software for computer graphics media is entangled in diverse conditions of technological unevenness that may enable, but also limit, the possibilities of aspiring media creators to improve their status or work positions in the broader field of digital media.

  • 309.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Negotiating creative autonomy: Experiences of technology in computer-based visual media production2016Inngår i: Politics, Civil Society and Participation: Media and Communications in a Transforming Environment / [ed] L. Kramp, N. Carpentier, A. Hepp, R. Kilborn, R. Kunelius, H. Nieminen, T. Olsson, P. Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, I. Tomanić Trivundža & S. Tosoni, Bremen: edition lumière, 2016, s. 185-195Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Media production is today heavily computerised, and as a consequence of this, profoundly reliant on software. At the same time software does not represent a neutral artefact - it imposes certain affordances, logics, structures and hierarchies of knowledge onto the media making processes. This chapter explores the ways in which visual media creators negotiate the choices between multiple technological alternatives, and the ways in which these negotiations relate to the degree of creative autonomy experienced by cultural producers in their media practice. Combining perspectives from media studies of work in the cultural industries, and science and technology studies (STS), the paper suggests that choices of technology lead media producers to experience creative autonomy differently, by making them labour either within post-industrial technological frameworks that they do not have ownership or control over, or conversely, allow them greater ownership on technology and possibilities to mould their tools, bringing their practice closer to forms of pre-industrial craft production. Creative autonomy, I suggest, can therefore be negotiated by artists and media creators not only in relation to institutions of employment, or nation state politics, but also through deliberate choices of tools, the digital technical toolset that they select and embed in their practice; an approach largely inspired and practiced by some forms of hacker culture.

  • 310.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Open cultural production and the online gift economy: The case of Blender2016Inngår i: First Monday, ISSN 1396-0466, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 21, nr 10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The economies of the Internet are largely driven by sharing. Much of it is often veiled in a celebratory discourse that emphasizes how sharing artifacts online through gift exchanges removes hierarchies and creates broader access to public knowledge, such as in projects of free culture and open source software development. The article critically interrogates these assumptions and the gift economy of open cultural production more generally. Using a practice called open source animation film making, developed by Blender, an organisation at the core of the largest open source 3D computer graphics community, this paper shows that the discourse surrounding free culture online has largely misunderstood the complexity and ambiguities of the economy below the cultural politics of openness. With the help of classical theories of gift and value I discuss issues of debt, obligation, status, discipline, and social hierarchies created by exchanging online a variety of digital artifacts of different value, such as software, culture, and labor. This article shows that the wealth of open cultural production relies on combining multiple dimensions of gifting with fiscal and hidden forms of capital, producing a culture of secrecy in parallel to that of openness.

  • 311.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Repairing and developing software infrastructures: The case of Morevna Project in Russia2017Inngår i: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, s. 1-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how alternative software infrastructures can emerge out offrictions, failure, and repair in the attempts of media creators to evade piracy. Usinga case from the geographical fringes of Russia called Morevna Project, and theoriesof infrastructures and repair, the article suggests how repair can lead to the slow,mundane and fragile formation of what I refer to as ‘situated’ digital infrastructures forcultural production. While pirate-based media production can push creators to searchfor and develop alternative infrastructures, the latter emerge as fragile frameworksthat are constantly threatened from collapse and suspension. The continuous work ofintegrating diverse interests across local and online media-related contexts and practicesbecomes an essential stabilising force needed to perpetuate these infrastructures andprevents them from falling back into oblivion.

  • 312.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Sharing technology and media as digital commons: sensibilities and tensions from making invisible things visible2016Inngår i: Selected Papers of AoIR 2016: The 17th Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the internal social structures among producers who are radically committed to openness through sharing technology and content online. It foregrounds that in these practices, openness and sharing are not only about creating open knowledge, public digital culture and technologies, but also trigger practices of self-control, discipline, and contestation over what is to be made public and how. The author argues that the ways in which these are negotiated have implications for the broader domain of cultural production online. The next two papers each look at the social structures promoted through open source practices by exploring how actors committed to them are trying to affect institutional politics.

  • 313.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Studying Emerging Data Practices: Creating a Cultural Biography of Objects Through Using the Web as an Ethnographic Resource2018Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This case presents and discusses ethnography-inspired methods for studying emerging phenomena related to big data such as the practice of data center waste heat recycling. It suggests a twofold methodology that is based on treating the contemporary Web as a multi-modal resource for creating cultural, ethnographic-like accounts of emerging data-related practices, as well as on tracing online the cultural biographies of objects. The case suggests some ways in which the Web can be used as a resource to understand data-related practices as they develop and extend in the offline world, rather than as they unfold and modify online spheres of social and cultural activity. The present methodology can be regarded as appropriate to produce knowledge for the initial stages of a potentially larger research project.

  • 314.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Thresholds for participation in open animation production: a critical explorationof some assumptions on peer-production2014Inngår i: Selected Papers of Internet Research, SPIR, ISSN 2162-3317, Vol. 15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 315.
    Velkova, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Workflows, labour and value in open animation production: an ethnographic study of a distributed animation training creation2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 316.
    Velkova, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Beckmans College of Design.
    At the intersection of commons and market: Negotiations of value in open-sourced cultural production2017Inngår i: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 14-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the way in which producers of digital cultural commons use new production models based on openness and sharing to interact with and adapt to existing structures such as the capitalist market and the economies of public cultural funding. Through an ethnographic exploration of two cases of open-source animation film production – Gooseberry and Morevna, formed around the 3D graphics Blender and the 2D graphics Synfig communities – we explore how sharing and production of commons generates values and relationships which trigger the movement of producers, software and films between different fields of cultural production and different moral economies – those of the capitalist market, the institutions of public funding and the commons. Our theoretical approach expands the concept of ‘moral economies’ from critical political economy with ‘regimes of value’ from anthropological work on value production, which, we argue, is useful to overcome dichotomous representations of exploitation or romanticization of the commons.

  • 317.
    Velkova, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Between decommodification and recommodification: negotiations of value in open-source cultural production2015Inngår i: Selected Papers from Internet Research 16: The 16th Annual Meeting of the Association of Internet Researchers, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors of this paper revitalize classic work on gift economies, exploring the ways in which the fiscal and moral economies are articulated together in commons-based production. Through a multi-sited ethnographic study of open source animation film-making communities tracing the movement between actors and objects across different regimes of value, the authors describe negotiated transitions from commons to commodity and back again. They argue that when engaging with producers’ own accounts of their community-based processes and the agonistic ethics holding sway there, we are better able to see the fluid dynamics of decommodification and recommodification taking place within commons production integrated into the commodity-based capitalist economic environment.

  • 318.
    Velkova, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Production of Difference and Commensurability Between Regimes of Value in Open Source Cultural Production2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the way in which producers of digital cultural commons use new production models based on openness and sharing to interact with and adapt to existing structures such as the capitalist market and the economies of public cultural funding. By an ethnographic exploration of two cases ofopen-source animation film production - Gooseberry and Morevna formed around the 3D graphics Blender and the 2D graphics Synfig communities we explore how sharing and production of commons generate values and relationships which trigger the move of producers, software and films between different fields of cultural production and different moral economies – those of the capitalist market, the institutions of public funding and the commons. Our theoretical approach expands the concept of 'moral economies' from critical political economy with 'regimes of value' from anthropological work on value production which we argue is useful to overcome dichotomous representations of exploitation or romanticisation of the commons.

  • 319.
    von Feilitzen, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    International initiatives concerning children and media: networks, associations, organisations, institutions, forums...2013Inngår i: The Routledge International Handbook of Children, Adolescents and Media / [ed] Dafna Lemish, London: Routledge, 2013, s. 442-450Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 320.
    von Feilitzen, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediated Violence and Related Risk Factors: Examples and Reflections2014Inngår i: Young People, Media and Health: Risks and Rights / [ed] Cecilia von Feilitzen & Johanna Stenerson, Gothenburg: The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media, University of Gothenburg, Nordicom , 2014, 1, s. 45-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 321.
    von Feilitzen, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stenersen, Johanna
    Young People, Media and Health : Risks and Rights.2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 322.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Between Two Democratic Ideals: Gendering in the Russian Culture of Political Journalism2014Inngår i: Women in Politics and Media: Perspectives from Nations in Transition / [ed] Maria Raicheva-Stover & Elza Ibroscheva, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, s. 115-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the attitudes of Russian journalists toward media representations of women politicians. It seeks to answer the following questions: How does the culture of political journalism influence gendering of women politicians? And what makes the Russian culture of political journalism unique when it comes to the coverage women politicians get? The chapter addresses the journalists’ interpretations of the low number of women politicians in media content, and turns to the journalists’ reasoning behind gender spotlighting and stereotyping. Highlighting the contradictions between the ideas, practices, and ideals present in the culture of the ‘quality’ political journalism in Russia, the chapter discusses how journalists envision the future of media representations of women politicians and how this relates to the problem of gender inequality in the political realm.

  • 323.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    ”Gender v politicheskoj zhurnalistike kak vopros demokratii: rossijskie i shvedskie zhurnalisty o svobode pechati i gendernom ravenstve” [Gender in political journalism as a democracy issue: Russian and Swedish journalists on press freedom and gender equality]2015Inngår i: Zhurnalistika v 2014 godu: SMI kak faktor obschestvennogo dialoga [Journalism in 2014: Media as a factor of public dialogue], Collection of theses of international scientific and practical conference Journalism 2014, Moscow: MediaMir, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University, Moscow: MediaMir, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University, 2015, s. 116-117Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [ru]

    Гендер в политической журналистике как вопрос демократии: российские и шведские журналисты о свободе печати и гендерном равенстве

    Воронова Людмила Александровна, PhD, преподаватель кафедры медиа-исследований университета Седерторн (Стокгольм, Швеция)

    Гендерные медиа-исследователи часто обсуждают гендерные стереотипы как проблему демократии. Так, Китцингер (Kitzinger 1998) понимает политическую журналистику как «гендер-политику», дискурсивную практику, несущую в себе потенциал как для продвижения демократического идеала гендерного равенства, так и для воспроизведения традиционных стереотипов и утверждения существующей гендерной иерархии. Калламар (Callamard 2006) предлагает считать гендерные стереотипы в СМИ особым видом цензуры, которая, как правило, действует в пользу мужчин, сокращая для женщин возможность быть объективно представленными в медиа-дискурсе. Более того, гендерное равенство, по мнению исследователей, практически рифмуется со свободой печати, причем равенство мужчин и женщин воспринимается ими как «показатель реализации настоящей и зрелой демократии» (Hermes 2013).

    Проведя интервью с сорока журналистами, работающими в качественных изданиях России и Швеции (интервью проводились в 2011-12 гг.), мы выяснили, что российские и шведские журналисты воспринимают свободу печати и гендерное равенство как непременные атрибуты демократии. Тем не менее, между их представлениями о балансе этих двух идеалов есть существенные различия. Так, российские журналисты находят свободу прессы гораздо более ценным элементом демократии, чем гендерное равенство, и готовы поступиться принципом продвижения последнего, если это необходимо для выполнения роли «сторожевой собаки» власти. Гендерные стереотипы, хоть и идут вразрез с демократическими идеалами качественной прессы, могут становиться одним из инструментов критики политиков. Более того, по мнению российских журналистов, политики могут использовать гендерную повестку для «обуздания» свободной прессы.

    Шведские журналисты не видят никакого противоречия между идеалами гендерного равенства и свободы печати, считая естественной ситуацию, когда в продвижении гендерного равенства одинаково заинтересованы и качественные издания, и власть, что позволяет им вступать в гармоничный диалог. Хотя шведские журналисты крайне критично настроены по отношению к каким-либо ограничениям относительно контента, вводимым извне, они признают необходимость тщательной проработки внутренних ограничений: так, к примеру, они внимательно прислушиваются к гендерной критике контента, поступающей не только от читателей, но и от политиков.

    Таким образом, и российские, и шведские журналисты считают гендер в политической журналистике вопросом демократии. Несмотря на бóльшую критичность российских журналистов по отношению к ограничениям свободы печати, их позиция защиты более уязвима, чем позиция их шведских коллег: оправдывая использование гендерных стереотипов в прессе, они поощряют и традиционное представление о гендерной иерархии в обществе, где власть воспринимается как мужчина и доминанта, а пресса как зависимая женщина. Тем не менее, позиция шведских журналистов тоже неоднозначна: воспринимая шведскую политическую и медийную систему как воплощение демократии, они перестают критически воспринимать исчезновение гендерного равенства как темы в журналистской повестке дня – факт, отмечаемый гендерными экспертами и активистами (Rönngren 2014).

  • 324.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism: a comparative study of Russia and Sweden2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The news media are expected to provide equal space to female and male political actors, promoting the idea of equal access to political power, since they are recognized as a holder of power with a social responsibility to respect gender equality. However, as previous research shows, political news coverage is characterized by so-called “gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), i.e., gender imbalance, stereotypes, and a lack of discussions about gender inequality. Scholars point to media logic, organization, and individual characteristics of journalists as the main reasons for this pattern, but still very little is known about how and why gendered mediation is practiced and processed in political news.

    This dissertation focuses on gendering understood as the perceived imprint of gender on the media portrayal of politics and politicians, as well as the processes by which gendered representations materialize. By applying a perspective of comparative journalism culture studies (Hanitzsch 2007; Hanitzsch and Donsbach 2012), it examines the processes and modes of origin of gendering as they are perceived and experienced by journalists. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with 40 journalists working for the quality press in Russia and Sweden.

    The results show that the national culture of political journalism, and the context it is located within, are of crucial importance for understanding gendering and its modes of origin. Gendering may cause problems to the democratic development of society and the position of the quality press in it; however, it also offers a potential for promoting gender equality. The choice of the form of gendering does not fully depend on journalists. It depends on the contextual possibilities for journalists to fulfill the gender-ethical ideal of the quality outlet as long as they need to meet the demands of society and market, and to face the challenges of political communication.

  • 325.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism behind the curtains: journalists’ perspective2014Inngår i: Gender in Focus: (New) Trends in Media / [ed] Cabecinhas, Rosa et al., Braga: University of Minho , 2014, s. 88-88Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1960-s, when gender media studies originated, a special attention of gender media scholars has been paid to the different aspects of political communication. “Gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), or “gendering”, of politicians and politics is considered to have a crucial influence both on the voter recognition of female and male candidates, and political participation of women and men. Scholars have provided potential reasons, which can explain the way women and men politicians, as well as the problem of the gender imbalance in political sphere are covered in political journalism (e.g. Braden 1996, Ross 2002, Falk 2008). Despite the media institution (its logic, organization, and individual characteristics of the media producers) being defined as the key “guilty party” of the patterns revealed by the scholars, journalists have remained silent producers of the assumed “gendered mediation”.

    This paper turns to the political journalists’ vision of the (gendered) media portrayal of politicians and politics. Its aim is to explore the reasons of gendering in quality press, as they are conceptualized by political journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in two different cultural and political contexts – in Russia and in Sweden. The choice of the cases is driven by the wish to define the similar and different elements in the journalists’ conceptions of the reasons of gendering in different political and cultural contexts, where the two cases work as an illustration of the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

    Based on the analytical framework suggested by Hanitzsch (2007), the paper turns to the journalists’ conceptions of gendering in relation to their concern of the professional norms and ethical standards, institutional roles, and epistemological beliefs. The concluding discussion links gendering as a component of the national culture of political journalism and the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

  • 326.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism in the framework of other “ing-s”: Russian and Swedish political journalists about gender, ethnicity and sexual identity as politicians’ characteristics and political categories2015Inngår i: On conference website, 2015, s. -30Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores gendering in political journalism – the perceived imprint of gender on the media portrayal of politics and politicians, as well as the processes whereby gendered media representations materialize. Gendering here is understood as an ambiguous process, which can be either discriminatory or promoting, depending on its manifestations (e.g. gender stereotypes or counter-stereotypes, gender-spotlighting or gender-aware story). Moreover, this paper suggests to study this phenomena from intersectionality perspective (Davis 2008, McCall 2005) in order to understand gendering in the framework of other discriminatory and promoting mechanisms in political news.

    The paper is based on forty semi-structured interviews with political journalists working for the quality press in Russia and Sweden. The choice of the countries is driven by the wish to explore the difficulties and similarities of the journalists’ conceptualizations of gendering in two very different political and cultural contexts. The paper shows that the journalists in both countries highlight the importance of not only gender mainstreaming, but diversity in the content in general as a democratic value, where gender stands in the same row with other difference-making categories (such as ethnicity, sexuality etc.). The paper highlights the difficulties and contradictions the Russian and Swedish political journalists face trying to achieve their diversity ideal. As such, the paper discusses the reasons for the “double othering” of foreign women politicians in the Russian press and the ridiculing of Russian male politicians in the Swedish press, the attempts of the Russian journalists to remain gender-neutral in the current homophobic context and their Swedish colleagues’ striving for keeping gender as an issue on the media agenda when it is being replaced from the political agenda by the discussions of race and ethnicity issues.

  • 327.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Gendering in political journalism: manifestation of media power or political strategy? Swedish and Russian press-people about gender dimension of media–politics interactions2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 328.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism: modes of origin2014Inngår i: Communication for Empowerment: Citizens, Markets, Innovations : 5th European Communication Conference : book of abstracts, Lissabon, Portugal: ECREA , 2014, s. 169-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1960-s, when gender media studies originated, a special attention of gender media scholars has been paid to the different aspects of political communication. “Gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), or “gendering”, of politicians and politics is considered to have a crucial influence both on the voter recognition of female and male candidates, and political participation of women and men. Scholars have provided potential reasons, which can explain the way women and men politicians, as well as the problem of the gender imbalance in political sphere are covered in political journalism (e.g. Braden 1996, Ross 2002, Falk 2008). Despite the media institution (its logic, organization, and individual characteristics of the media producers) being defined as the key “guilty party” of the patterns revealed by the scholars, journalists have remained silent producers of the assumed “gendered mediation”.

    This paper turns to the political journalists’ vision of the (gendered) media portrayal of politicians and politics. Its aim is to explore the reasons of gendering in quality press, as they are conceptualized by political journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in two different cultural and political contexts – in Russia and in Sweden. The choice of the cases is driven by the wish to define the similar and different elements in the journalists’ conceptions of the reasons of gendering in different political and cultural contexts, where the two cases work as an illustration of the global tendency of mediatization of politics. The study is based on forty semi-structured interviews with political and international reporters, department- and chief-editors working for the quality press in the two countries.

    Based on the analytical framework suggested by Hanitzsch (2007), the paper turns to the journalists’ conceptions of gendering in relation to their concern of the professional norms and ethical standards, institutional roles, and epistemological beliefs. The concluding discussion links gendering as a component of the national culture of political journalism and the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

  • 329.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Gendernye Problemy V Politicheskoj Zhurnalistike Rossii I Shvetsii (Gender Problems In Political Journalism In Russia And Sweden)2013Inngår i: Zhurnalistika v 2012 godu: sotsialnaya missija i professija. (Journalism in 2012: Social Mission and Profession : Collection of materials of the International scientific and practical conference), Moscow: Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University , 2013, s. 384-385Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 330.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendernye reprezentatsii kak instrument privlecheniya chitatelej i reklamodatelej (na primere kachestvennoj pressy Rossii i Shvetsii) [Gender representations as a tool for attracting readers and advertisers: Russian and Swedish quality press]2014Inngår i: Гендер и СМИ [Gender and Media] / [ed] Olga Smirnova, Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2014, s. 117-129Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on gendered media representations as an instrument of getting economicbenefits and a tool of interaction with readers. Based on interviews with Russian and Swedish quality press’ employees, this study shows that gendered media representations are one of the resources of the quality press’ competitiveness on the media-market. However, the choice of the gendered representations, which attract both the audiences and advertisers, is strictly context-dependent.

  • 331.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Politika i zhurnalistika: tango pod gendernyj akkompanement [Politics and journalism: tango to the gender accompaniment]2013Inngår i: Гендер и СМИ [Gender and Media] / [ed] Smirnova, Olga, Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2013, s. 205-220Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 332.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Politiki protiv zhurnalistov: boi (ne)gendernogo znacheniya (Politicians vs. journalists: a struggle of a (not-only) gender significance)2013Inngår i: Zhurnalistika i mediarynok, nr 7-8, s. 74-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 333.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    “Send pretty girls to the White House”: The role of gender in journalists-politicians’ interactions2014Inngår i: Essachess: Journal for Communication Studies, ISSN 2066-5083, E-ISSN 1775-352X, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 145-171Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Interrelations between politics and media are often described as a powerplay, a rumba or even a danse macabre, and the key question of political communication is “who leads and who follows” in the “power-play between politicians and journalists” (Ross, 2010, p. 274). As today “[m]eaning, media and politics become blurred, but arguably in highly gendered ways” (Holmes, 2007, p. 12), gender inevitably enters the discussion of the journalists-politicians’ interactions. Based on interviews with 40 Russian and Swedish political reporters working for the “quality” press, this paper discusses the role of gender as a social practice (Löfgren Nilsson, 2010) in journalists-politicians’ communication in different political and cultural contexts, which Russia and Sweden represent. The paper answers the following questions: Do journalists perceive the interrelations with politicians as gendered? Do they use gendered interrelations strategically to acquire information efficiently? How do the gendered political communication practices differ dependent on the political and cultural context?

  • 334.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gender i diskursy postsovetskogo prostranstva v fokuse issledovanij: podhody i tendentsii (Gender and Post-Soviet discourses in the focus of research:approaches and trends)2013Inngår i: Гендер и СМИ [Gender and Media] / [ed] Smirnova, Olga, Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2013, s. 200-204Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 335.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Introduction. Gender and post-Soviet discourses2015Inngår i: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, nr 1-2, s. 36-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 336.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Experts, dads and technology: Gendered talk about online music2016Inngår i: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 177-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the internet and digital media technology increasingly central to practices around music, this shift is often seen as contributing to a networked music use characterized by individualism. Drawing on a focus group study with young adults in Stockholm and Moscow, this article argues, however, that digital music use today is shaped by discourses of difference, with gender a significant factor both in constructions of the ideal music and technology user, and in terms of musical influence and guidance. Taking into account contemporary research on new media technology, as well as feminist studies of technology and music, the article questions ideas of a neutral user of new music technologies, showing how the gendering of music and media technology can be seen as simultaneously context-bound and cutting across geographies.

  • 337.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Genusskapande i digitalt musikbruk2015Inngår i: Mediers känsla för kön: feministisk medieforskning / [ed] Anja Hirdman; Madeleine Kleberg, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2015, s. 155-170Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 338.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Global Symbols and Local Meanings: The “Day of Victory” after Euromaidan2017Inngår i: Transnational Ukraine?: Networks and Ties that Influence(d) contemporary Ukraine / [ed] Timm Beichelt and Susann Worschech, Ibidem-Verlag, 2017, s. 89-114Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 339.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Monuments, Collective Memory and Nation-Building2016Inngår i: Baltic Worlds In-house edition, s. 45-46Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 340.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Proshloe pod pritselom amnesii: pamiat ob OUN i UPA v Volynskom regione na primere pamiatnika Klymu Savuru2016Inngår i: Форум новейшей восточноевропейской истории и культуры, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 87-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [ru]

    В этой статье я подхожу к вопросу памяти об Организации Украинских Нацио- налистов и Украинской Повстанческой Армии (ОУН и УПА соответственно) в региональной перспективе. На примере одного конкретного случая построения памятника одному из командиров УПА – Климу Савуру – прослеживается, как героическая память об ОУН и УПА устанавливалась в Ровенской области. Эта область входит в один исторический регион – Волынь. Именно здесь сформиро- вались первые группы УПА в 1942 году, а также именно на Волыни произошли самые трагические события в истории УПА – убийства польского населения в 1943 году, которые потом перенеслись на Галичину. Я не рассматриваю историю самого украинско-польского конфликта (заинтересованный читатель может обра- титься к цитированной ниже литературе), а то, как история ОУН и УПА входила в культуру памяти региона, начиная с 1991 года. Памятник Климу Савуру – пример того, как место и форма памяти могут быть основаны больше на амнезии, чем на воспоминании. Как мы увидим, через про- цесс мифологизации его биографии почти все исторические факты о личности командира УПА исчезли. Единственная характеристика, на которой основывает- ся коммеморация – это архетип, который выражает ценности и интересы деяте- лей, которые занимались строительством памятника и продвижением героиче- ской формы памяти об ОУН и УПА. Такая мифологизация позволила проводить политику памяти через призывы к исторической справедливости, забывая при этом о тех несправедливостях, которые произошли под командованием этой исторической личности.

  • 341.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Red Carnations on Victory Day and Military Marches on UPA Day?: Remembered History of WWII in Ukraine2016Inngår i: Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe / [ed] Sindbæk Andersen, Tea & Törnquist-Plewa, Barbara, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 342.
    Åker, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Space Race in the Swedish Press during the Cold War Era: A Celebration of Transparent Western Television2015Inngår i: The Nordic Media and the Cold War / [ed] Henrik G. Bastiansen & Rolf Werenskjold, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2015, s. 147-166Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 343.
    Åker, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Фотографический реализм» в эпоху цифровых медиа: фотожурналистика и визуальная грамотность в России и Швеции2018Inngår i: ЖУРНАЛИСТИКА В 2017 ГОДУ [Journalism in 2017]: творчество, профессия, индустрия : материалы международной научно-практической конференции москва, 5-7 февраля 2018 г.[Art, Profession, Industry: Materials Of The International Scientific-Practical Conference] / [ed] Vartanova, E.L., Zassoursky, Y.N. et al., Moscow: MediaMir, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University , 2018, s. 131-132Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [ru]

    С развитием цифровых технологий и онлайн-среды профессии фотожурналистов был брошен вызов. Несмотря на то, что использование любительских фотографий, монтаж и редактирование изображений появились в журналистике не сегодня, по мнению некоторых исследователей, нынешняя ситуация позволяет говорить не просто об изменениях, а о смене парадигм (Solaroli 2015). Одним из аспектов смены парадигм является распространенность гражданской фотожурналистики и моментальность распространения снимков; другим – легкость пост-продакшна, где редактирование фотографий является скорее правилом, чем исключением (Stiegler 2002, Van Dijck 2008). Более того, мы живем в эпоху, когда социальные медиа стали центральным источником новостей, что привело ко все возрастающему недоверию к фактам и элитам. Эти факторы бросают вызов профессиональному журналистскому сообществу и его методам освещения ситуации в мире, идеалам объективности и реалистичности (Mäenpää 2014). Тем не менее, среди множества голосов в цифровом медиа-ландшафте остается необходимость в профессиональном фотографе как надежном источнике интерпретации реальности (Åker 2012).

    В эпоху “пост-правды” и “альтернативных” фактов особенно важно понимать возможности и ограничения фотожурналистики в том, что касается правдивого освещения общественной ситуации. В данной презентации мы представляем исследовательский проект, целью которого является изучение изменений и вызовов профессии. Объектом исследования являются образовательные программы для будущих фотожурналистов в России и Швеции. Данные программы представляют собой пространство, в котором будущие профессиональные фотографы, преподаватели и опытные фотографы встречаются и формируют дискурсы и практики «фотографического реализма» (Schiller 1977, Barnhurst & Nerone 2000). Для их изучения мы используем теории о фотографической правдивости, культурах (фото)журналистики и визуальной грамотности (Messaris 1998, 2012). Сравнительный исследовательский проект отталкивается от предыдущих исследований, демонстрирующих, что российская и шведская журналистские культуры отличаются в подходах к объективности и реалистичности (Nygren et al 2015, Voronova 2014). Выбор данных двух контекстов может помочь в поиске как отличий, которые бросают вызов представлениям об универсальности журналистских идеалов, так и схожих характеристик.

  • 344.
    Ögren, Sam
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Auditiv kommunikation i det digitala spelet League of Legends2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an attempt to replicate Kristine Jörgensen study of auditory functions of sound in the video game World of Warcraft, but doing so on a different game, and that game is League of Legends. By using social semiotic’s multimodal theory I hope not only to replicate the results of Jögensens study, but also come with some new insight in to the field of communication as well as contributing to sound studies which compared to visual representations are not as common. However, the focus is on communication through different semiotic representations. In the end, the results are quite positive although not ground breaking by any means.

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