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  • 301.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Vadå vi? Tala för dig själv!: Om oenighet och identitet vid seminarier2008In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 18, p. 93-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the social actions pertaining to speaking for someone else and being spoken for are studied in an educational setting, namely a seminar meeting for undergraduates. The data on which this study is based consist of a total of five hours of video-recorded seminar meetings at a Swedish university.

    The first part of the study focuses on three sequences in which the above mentioned social actions are central for the participants. Through CA-techniques the actions are described and examined from the participants’ perspective. When speaking for more people than oneself, the speaker runs the risk of facing objections from the co-speaker(s) present. He/she/they may not accept being spoken for, and this may be put forward as a disagreement at which point the premises of the previous turn(s) may be renegotiated.

    In the second part of the study, these social actions are connected to ‘identity’. This is seen as something that is continually achieved in interaction, rather than something that is ‘reflected’ in discourse. Hence, speaking for more people than oneself can be seen as an action which ascribes cospeaker(s) an identity. The analysis shows that the disagreement sequences presented in the first part of the article function as a forum in which a specific student identity can be put on display. The disagreement is used as a resource for the students to position themselves and take on an identity as the good students.

  • 302.
    Nyroos, Lina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Josserand, Jérôme Frédéric
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala universitet.
    "Plenum är som Twitter": svenska delegaters syn på inlägg i Europaparlamentet2013In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, no 23, p. 233-238Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Nyroos, Lina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Uppsala universitet.
    From paper to practice Asking and responding to a standardized question item in performance appraisal interviews2014In: Pragmatics and Society, ISSN 1878-9714, E-ISSN 1878-9722, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 165-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how a standardized question is launched and received in a corpus of performance appraisal interviews, with a focus on how pre-formulated questions are translated into interaction. Using conversation analysis, we demonstrate that the same question becomes many different actions in practice. Prefaces as well as prosodic and lexical alterations make relevant different responses, and as such, the question can be recruited to initiate diverse interactional projects such as assessments and other socially delicate activities. As a consequence, goals of uniformity and standardization may be subverted. The interactional adaptations further evidence the strength of recipient design as reformulations also result in more fitted and personalized answers. Our study contributes to the understanding of standardization versus interactionalization, and points to the strong interrelationship between question design and the fitting of response options.

  • 304.
    Nystrand, Alexander
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Patrick Bateman, Violence and Consumption: Bret Easton Ellis’s American Psycho2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates how Bret Easton Ellis portrays Patrick Bateman as a projection of American society, in order to criticize consumerism and capitalism in his novel American Psycho. By applying Marxist theory, this essay examines Bateman's consumption patterns and class-consciousness using key Marxist terms. This essay investigates the relationship between Bateman and his commodities, through the Marxist concept of value. Furthermore, this essay suggests that Bateman's consumption pattern creates his identity and that Bateman's lust for consumption has no boundaries. Bateman quenches his thirst for consumption by consuming humans of low status on the social hierarchy, by acts of violence, rape or cannibalism.

  • 305.
    Nyström, Lars
    Södertörn University College, School of Language and Culture.
    Der Bau der Mauer in Berlin 1961: Eine diskursanalytische Studie der Kommentare in der schwedischen Presse2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
  • 306.
    O'Neill, Ciarán
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching?: An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English is the most expansionist language in the world today. Currently, native speakers are outnumbered by non-native speakers by a ratio of 3:1, a ratio that is set to grow to 10:1 within the next ten years. One of the consequences of a language growing so rapidly is that its new users tend to ignore already accepted standards. In what linguists refer to as the outer and expanding circles of English-speakers (mainly in Africa and Asia) new varieties and standards of English are now being invented.

    In this study, the effects of the current expansion of English on the teaching of English in Swedish upper-secondary schools are explored. Questions raised include: Should teachers of English in Sweden reflect the changing nature of English in their teaching? Should they readily adopt the New Englishes that are emerging or should they teach with the standard they have always used? The national curriculum for the teaching of English in Sweden is discussed in some detail. The guidelines therein are evaluated in terms of their ability to capture the changing face of English as well as their ability to give solid guidance to teachers in a classroom situation.

    Findings derive from linguistic literature and from interviews conducted with English teachers at upper-secondary level. One of the main conclusions of the study is that whilst the national curriculum recognises the global diversity of English, its goals are overambitious in what it tries to achieve and thus it fails to provide teachers with practical guidance in their day-to-day teaching. A recommendation, therefore, is that the curriculum should be clearer in spelling out the importance of adhering to native standard varieties of English. However this does not mean that teachers should ignore the cultural diversity of the English-speaking world.

  • 307.
    Oussi Nylen, Nina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bedömning: En studie om provkonstruktion och elevtexter på gymnasiets nationella prov2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pisa results have continually indicated a deficiency in reading and writing amongst Swedish students, which have led to discussions within Swedish media and the political arena. It was my interest in the national-exam´s key role in the Swedish school that led me to examine the contruction and the students understanding of this test. Moreover, I have examined what abilities the exam tests. The main source I have used in my study is Borgstrom´s model for the contruction of the exam. He has categorized the contruction of the exam in different areas, namely subject, situation and instruction. Borgstrom states that the instruction in the exam influences the students to a specific way of writing. My study is based on the national exam for the new curriculum Lgy11. I have studied what the exam tests in relation to the curriculum and grade scale. My results indicate that the student is affected by the situation that is described in the exam. This situation leads to the students undertaking the exam in a certain way. In addition, the study shows that the text types, such as argumentative or investigative are supported by the way the exam is shaped. Moreover, the study also shows the way in which the student must gather information. The exam also tests the students´ability to critically analyze and refer to sources. Finally, the text needs to be adapted to the recipient in order for the student to receive the correct message. 

  • 308.
    Pektas, Nilifer
    Södertörn University College, School of Language and Culture.
    The importance of blood during the Victorian era.: Blood as a sexual signifier in Bram Stoker's Dracula.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
  • 309. Persson, Gunilla Almström
    Perspektiv i polisprotokoll2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this study is perspective in police reports. The overall aim is to introduce new tools for analysing perspective in written narratives. The material consists of reports based on different accounts of the same conflict from a number of people (the suspect, the injured part and witnesses), that is, different versions of the same sequence of events. The study begins with a theoretical discussion of perspective in literary texts and of some characteristics of the police reports examined. Two tools are developed to analyse linguistic means for identifying perspective.

    The first analytical tool can be placed within the framework of cognitive semantics. Analysis here concerns seeing space differently and having different limits in one’s way of experiencing the sequence of events. This conceptualisation of the focaliser (the person whose perspective is reported) is realised in the text through certain spatial expressions associated with the concept of centre. To analyse the centres chosen, the image schema centre–periphery is used in examining instances of the adverbs fram and bort and their derivations.

    The second analytical tool can be placed within the theoretical framework of dramaturgy. Analysis here concerns perceiving the dramatic development of events differently, that is, dramatic patterns in the different versions of the conflict and which character is given the most active role in it. The differences can be seen in the focaliser’s choice of events and how aggression is consciously or unconsciously described in terms of how different characters cause the conflict to escalate.

    The hypothesis being tested is whether the suspect’s perspective is discernible in the report of the suspect’s account. The hypothesis is confirmed. The study shows that the tools introduced work successfully in the analysis of perspective. Both analyses yield results, which in both cases can be validated.

  • 310.
    Prytz, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    När går objektet upp i rök?2018In: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, no 6, p. 40-45Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 311.
    Prytz, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Optionella objekt och gränsen mellan transitiva och intransitiva verb2019In: Svenskans beskrivning 36: Förhandlingar vid trettiosjätte sammankomsten. Uppsala 25–27 oktober 2017. / [ed] Marco Bianchi, David Håkansson, Björn Melander, Linda Pfister, Maria Westman & Carin Östman, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2019, p. 243-254Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Rehn, Johanna
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Metaphors of Time: Mortality and Transience in Shakespeare's Sonnets2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about metaphors of time, mortality and transience in William Shakespeare’ssonnets. Exploring these metaphors, I examine sonnets nr. 60, 64 and 65 more closely, since Ithink they are particularly representative as regards the metaphors of time. Unlike the rest ofthe sonnets, these three deal with the subject throughout the sonnets, focusing on theinevitable degeneration of material things. The image of time in the sonnets is depicted in avaried way constructed by several metaphors that add to the depth and paint imagesinfluenced by the beliefs and knowledge of Shakespeare’s time. I put these images in relationto the English Renaissance and its concepts of time using sources from, for example, JohnSpencer Hill, Katherine Duncan-Jones and Dympna Callaghan, who all have made their ownanalyses of Shakespeare’s sonnets. In my close reading of the sonnets I analyse the variousmetaphors Shakespeare uses to make us experience the passage of time as in, for example,sonnet number 60, where the ongoing passage of time is described in a cyclical way by theuse of the metaphor of the waves rolling in and out of a pebbled shore. In a repetitive way thewaves are in constant motion. We can recognise ourselves as being the pebbles, affected bythe constant motion in our lives, slowly turning into sand by time’s cruel hand.

  • 313.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    "Allt vi säger och gör ska andas vårt löfte": Begriplighet och varumärkesbyggande i en myndighets strategidokument2017In: Svenskans beskrivning 35: Förhandlingar vid trettiofemte sammankomsten : Göteborg 11–13 maj 2016 / [ed] Emma Sköldberg, Maia Andréasson, Henrietta Adamsson Eryd, Filippa Lindahl, Sven Lindström, Julia Prentice & Malin Sandberg, Göteborg: Institutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet , 2017, p. 301-313Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Att skapa en förebild: Transitivitet, ergativitet och berättelsestruktur i två kommunala hjältesagor2011In: Funktionell textanalys / [ed] Holmberg, Per, Karlsson, Anna-Malin & Nord, Andreas, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2011, p. 65-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med texten är att visa på hur hjälterollen konstrueras grammatiskt och textstrukturellt i två berättelser som samlats in inom ramen för ett kommunalt storytellingprojekt. På ett mer generellt plan är syftet att ringa in ett antal grammatiska och textstrukturella strategier som kan användas för att lyfta fram en karaktär i berättelse.

    Analysen tar sin utgångspunkt i systemisk-funktionell grammatik i kombination med Greimas aktantmodell (1966) och en modell över berättelsers struktur, som bland annat bygger på Labov & Waletzky (1966).

    Texten ingår i en antologi med exempel på olika typer av textanalyser med utgångspunkt i systemisk-funktionell grammatik (SFG).

     

  • 315.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Attraktiva kvinnor och snälla tjejer: En pilotstudie av hur personbeteckningarna kvinna och tjej används i kontaktannoser2009In: Språknorm och språkbruk i dagens svenska: Åtta undersökningar / [ed] Anna Gustafsson, Växjö: Växjö universitet, Institutionen för humaniora , 2009, p. 67-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Uppsala universitet.
    Företagsgrundaren som välgörare, affärsman eller entreprenör: Betydelsen av hjältens projekt för företagets identitetsbygge i varumärkesberättelser2014In: Svenskans beskrivning 33: förhandlingar vid trettiotredje sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning, Helsingfors den 15-17 maj 2013 / [ed] Jan Lindström, Sofie Henricson, Anne Huhtala, Pirjo Kukkonen, Hanna Lehti-Eklund & Camilla Lindholm, Helsingfors: Helsingfors universitet, 2014, p. 395-405Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    ”I begynnelsen slutade ryggsäckarna alltid som päronformade påsar vid rumpan”: Erbjudanden om gemenskap och identitet i företags skapelseberättelser2013In: Svenskans beskrivning 32: Förhandlingar vid trettioandra sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning, Karlstad den 13-14 oktober 2011 / [ed] Björn Bihl, Peter Andersson & Lena Lötmarker, Karlstad: Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur, Karlstads universitet , 2013, p. 266-274Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 318.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, The Academy of Public Administration.
    Inte klart vad som är lätt2012In: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, no AugustiArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artiklen "Inte klart vad som är lätt" ingår tillsammans med ytterligare tre texter i ett reportage som syftar till att reda ut begreppen kring klarspråk och lättläst. Ingressen lyder: "Hur ska man skriva för personer med lässvårigheter? Det finns många råd. Men ingen vet egentligen, för det saknas forskning på området."

  • 319.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Mer än en god historia: Om organisationers berättande i sociala medier2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 89-93Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De sociala medierna har förändrat spelplanen för företag som använder berättelser för att stärka sitt varumärke. Numera är företagens berättelser inte längre monologiska, utan berättandet har blivit en gemensam aktivitet. Dagens strategiska berättelser skapas i hög grad i samspel mellan företag, konsumenter och traditionella medier. De digitala arenorna innebär dessutom ökade möjligheter att på ett enkelt sätt skapa interaktion kring berättelserna. Företagen har gått i bräschen, men på senare år har även offentliga organisationer börjat nosa på det digitala berättandet.

  • 320.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Referensbindning i elevuppsatser: En preliminär modell och en analys i två delar1997Report (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Ringius, Victoria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Facebook – en plats för en ilsken mobb med ett meddelande att sprida: en textanalytisk undersökning av hur ett företag bemöter negativ kritik på Facebook2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier innebär både stora hot och möjligheter för de företag som väljer att använda detta som en kommunikationskanal. Sociala medier skapar en plats och ett tillfälle för företag att komma närmare kunderna och genom att göra detta kan företagens intäkter ökas, kostnaderna kan minska och kundkontakten kan bli mer effektiv. Idag blir företags snedsteg, dåliga service och fadäser offentliga på några minuter i de sociala medierna. I form av arga inlägg på företagens vägg på Facebook ackompanjerade av kommentarer från andra som håller med trådskaparen kan en lynchning av företaget som gjort något fel eller retat upp kunder startas. Mot bakgrund av det här resonemanget är syftet med denna uppsats att undersöka hur 3, en av Nordens största mobiloperatörer, bemöter kritik samt hur de väljer att skapa sin identitet på sin Facebook-sida.

    Den teoretiska referensramen i denna uppsats behandlar systemisk funktionell textanalys, identitetsskapande på internet, intimisering, word-of-mouth samt word-of-mouse och service recovery-teorier.

    Analysen bygger på en ideationell samt en interpersonell textanalys av fem svar på fem negativa inlägg skrivna av upprörda kunder på 3:s Facebook-sida. Svaren är skrivna från augusti 2012 till december 2012 av anställda på 3. Genom ett antal analyskategorier ur den interpersonella och ideationella strukturen har jag i denna uppsats tittat på hur 3 använder sig av språket för att bemöta kritik från missnöjda kunder på sin Facebook-sida. Jag har även undersökt hur 3 skapar sin företagsidentitet genom bemötandet av de negativa kommentarerna samt hur 3 tilltalar sina missnöjda kunder.

    Resultatet visar att 3 bemöter kritik på Facebook genom att informera sina kunder om vad det är som har hänt, vem det är som utför lösningen på kundens problem samt att 3 erbjuder sig att lösa kundernas problem. 3 väljer att skapa sin företagsidentitet som informerande och problemlösande. Hjälpsamma, på kundens sida och tillmötesgående framställer de sig i dem delar i svaren där skribenten själv träder fram och skriver ”jag”.

  • 322.
    Rodell Olgac, Christina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    "Hela det romska Europa finns i Sverige, en möjlighet som vi nu försöker använda oss av": En studie om Språkrådets språkvårdande insatser och revitaliseringsarbete i romani chib 2007-2012. Slutrapport februari 20132013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten redovisas ett uppdrag angående språkvårdande insatser och revitaliseringsarbete i det nationella minoritetsspråket romani chib för Språkrådet, Institutet för språk och folkminnen. Här undersöks Språkrådets arbete med att sprida kunskap och goda exempel på språkvårdande insatser och revitaliseringsinsatser för romani chib bland romer dels genom det språkvårdsinsatser som skett av de två romska språkvårdarna på Språkrådet mellan juni 2007- juni 2012, dels genom de 14 romska projekt som beviljats medel genom statsbidrag för insatser till stöd för de nationella minoritetsspråken åren 2010-2011. Särskilt fokus har i rapporten lagts på goda exempel och revitaliseringsinsatser inom ramen för dessa projekt. Studien bygger på intervjuer med språkvårdarna och med främst ansvariga i projekten samt dokumentstudier.

  • 323.
    Román, Nicklas
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Motivation och läsförståelse: En studie av korrelationen mellan motivationen till att läsa och läsförståelsen hos elever i tredje ring på gymnasiet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay, called Motivation and reading comprehension, is a study of the correlation between the motivation to read and the reading comprehension of Swedish students in their final year of school before university level, meaning that they are eighteen or nineteen years old, sometimes more.

    The relation between the identity of the individual and the learning process has been a matter of scientific interest for some time, and this essay works in that tradition by investigating the connection between how pupils regard reading and how well developed their ability to decode text is.

    The reading comprehension is measured through a test that consists of a text from the Swedish epic by Vilhelm Moberg, Invandrarna, where the reader at certain intervals throughout the text is asked to mark the correct word from a choice of three. This test has been used and evaluated extensively by Per Fröjd, who has found that the results are reliable and useful.

    To measure the motivation to read I’ve constructed a survey to be answered before taking the reading test. It focuses on three different parts of reading motivation that are noted as the most important ones by Ivar Bråten. These are the feeling of joy and interest for reading, the goal to acquire knowledge of a specific subject, and the expectations that you have on yourself as a reader.

    Results show a weak or non-existent correlation between the two factors for the whole of the subjects, but once those who have a first language other than Swedish are removed the correlation becomes significant. There does not appear to be any difference based on gender, at least none that can be divined from these results.

    The analysis does not give any reason to question previous research, and together with earlier studies of compulsory school this means that we can assume that the relation between motivation and reading comprehension is relevant throughout all the stages of schooling.

    Regarding further studies a possible fruitful area of inquiry could be the significance of motivation for the students who are studying at a different language than their first.

  • 324.
    Röckner Lindgren, Joanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Vi förstår reaktionerna": En textanalytisk studie av Parken Zoo:s kriskommunikation i pressmeddelanden och på Facebook2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur Parken Zoo försökte rädda sin image och påverkabilden av krisen parken befann sig i under hösten 2012. Uppsatsen har även som avsikt att undersökahur kriskommunikationen utvecklas under krisförloppet och hur den skiljer sig mellan två texttyper,samt belysa vilka språkliga resurser som används för att realisera strategierna inom image repair theory,som i denna uppsats benämns som Benoits teori om imagereparation. Materialet består av trepressmeddelanden och tre uttalanden publicerade på Facebook från Parken Zoo. Dessa har analyseratsutifrån Benoits (1997) teori om imagereparation samt systemisk-funktionell textanalys. Resultatetindikerar att Parken Zoo har försökt rädda sin image genom att ifrågasätta uppgifterna som framkommit,framhäva goda egenskaper och värderingar samt redogöra för åtgärder som vidtagits och ska vidtas.Jämförelsen av kriskommunikationen i pressmeddelandena och Facebook-uttalandena tyder på attkommunikationen på Facebook kännetecknas av en mer personlig och närhetsskapande strategi medankommunikationen i pressmeddelandena är mer auktoritär. Resultatet visade också att val av strategi ochhur många strategier som används förändras under krisens förlopp, troligen beroende på vilken krisfasparken befinner sig i. Under akutfasen använde Parken Zoo samtliga strategier, i jämförelse med krisensförstadium då endast en strategi användes. Analysen har även synliggjort mönster för vilka språkligaresurser som verkar bidra till realiseringen av respektive strategi ur Benoits teori om imagereparation.Transitivitetsanalysen visade bland annat att den förnekande strategin i första hand realiseras genomattributiva relationella processer medan den tillrättaläggande strategin karakteriseras av materiellaprocesser. Avslutningsvis diskuteras även delar av materialet som inte har kunnat kategoriseras som enstrategi på ett tydligt sätt men som ändå kan ses som försök att rädda Parken Zoo:s image, exempelvissynliggörs möjligheten till en ny strategi som går ut på att visa förståelse.

  • 325.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "En gång till!": en kommunikationsetnografisk studie om andraspråksinlärares deltagande i förskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to better understand how second language learners becomes lingual participants in a Swedish preschool. Using the following research questions: In what situations are SLLs lingual participants at the preschool? What does their emerging language look like? Are the participation any different considering children's time in the new L2 context? What kind of support does SLLs receive at the preschool?

    Two focal children at the same preschool was studied with ethnography of communication as method. The focal children chosen were one girl (Mandarin L1, 4.0 yrs) who arrived to Sweden and started the preschool two months ago at the time of the study, the other a boy (Serbian L1, 3.9 yrs) who started preschool and learning the L2 one year and two months before the study. Situations where the focal children interacted with other children or adults were analyzed. 

    Results showed that the focal children in interaction with each other understands some of the others intentions before being able to speak about them in the L2. Also episodes of shared attention showed to be the arena for intersubjective lingual negotiation and understanding. Imitation seemed to be the primary strategy for language learning at this stage. These results are in line with Tomasellos (1999, 2003) theory of early language emergence. The focal children became participants in lingual activity when they had the role as Lave and Wengers (1991) legitimate peripheral participants. In interaction with more central participants the focal children imitated their language. However, in interaction with other children the language was centered around formulaic expressions associated with play. These child-child interactions was best described through Rogoffs (2003) notion of guided participation. Whereas the focal children interaction with teachers showed imitation of a more nuanced repertoire of words and was more in line with learning as the scaffolding process put forth by Wood, Bruner & Ross (1976).

    This leads to a discussion of the connection between language and participation, suggesting a dual model where language development is interconnected with participation in community activities and vice versa. Also the relation between formulaic language, creativity and teacher scaffolding as resources for participation are discussed.

  • 326.
    Sandomirskaja, Irina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Aesopian Language: The Politics and Poetics of Naming the Unnameable2015In: The vernaculars of Communism: Language, ideology, and Power in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe / [ed] Petre Petrov and Lara Ryazanova-Clarke, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 63-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesopian language (or Aesopian speech) is an important component of Soviet language culture, a cultureof expression under surveillance and censorhip that invented various modes of the  circumlocution and euphemization of politically sensitive topics. In this chapter, I am illustrating some of the innumerable ways of organizing communcation under the sign of (sometimes imagined) prosecution. I am describing various practices of Aesopian circumlocution and summarizing theoretical work in Soviet literary history that addressed this peculiar phenomenon in Russian and Soviet literary tradition. I am also discussing the aesthetics and politics of Aesopian language and its role as a means of expressing political dissent as this was seen by its practitioners inside the USSR and by the theorists who worked with the matters of language and power in the West.

  • 327.
    Sandomirskaja, Irina
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Skin to Skin: Language in the Soviet Education of Deaf–Blind Children, the 1920s and 1930s2008In: Studies in East European thought, ISSN 0925-9392, E-ISSN 1573-0948, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 321-337Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article deals with surdotiflopedagogika, a doctrine of special education for deaf-blind-mute children as it was developed in the USSR in the 1920s and 1930s. In the spirit of social constructivism of the early Stalinist society, surdotiflopedagogika presents itself as a technology for the manufacture of socially useful human beings out of handicapped children with sight and hearing impairments, "half-animals, half-plants". Surdotiflopedagogika's institutionalization and rationale as these were evolving under the special patronage of Maxim Gorkij are analysed. Its experimental aspect is also discussed. Exploring and implementing the most advanced ideas in the technology of communication, surdotiflopedagogika sought to compensate for the loss of speech, hearing, and sight by supplying the child with mechanical and human prostheses, including other people (assistants), technical devices, techniques of the body, and multiple communication codes to be translated from one into another. In the case of Soviet deaf-blind education, the Soviet subject appears as a technologically enhanced, collectively shared, and extended body in a permanent process of translation, internal as well as external. Technologies of language and acculturation that are of particular interest. Surdotiflopedagogika's method as it appears in the theoretical writing of Ivan Afanasjevic Sokoljanskij (1889-1960), the teacher of the legendary deaf-blind author and educator Ol'ga Ivanovna Skorokhodova (19147-1982) are given particular attention

  • 328.
    Schartau, Mai-Brith
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, The German Studies Research Centre.
    Müssener, Helmut
    Möten = Begegnungen2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Temat för boken är möten. Vid ett möte mellan olika aktörer sker någon form av påverkan. I denna bok skildras fem olika typer av möten, sedda i olika discipliners teoretiska perspektiv. Ett har de dock gemensamt. De förmedlar en bild av tyska aktörers påverkan inom olika sfärer i ett annat land, Sverige, utom i ett kapitel, där det gäller påverkan inom Tysklands gränser.

    Publikationen är den andra i serien Schwedische Perspektiven, Schriften des Zentrums für Deutschlandstudien. Redaktörer för serien är Centrumets föreståndare, docent Mai-Brith Schartau, och biträdande föreståndare, professor emeritus Helmut Müssener.

  • 329.
    Schartau, Mai-Brith
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, The German Studies Research Centre.
    Strålind, Fredrik
    Södertörn University.
    Szrubka, Wojciech
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, Political science.
    Varför tyska?2005Report (Other academic)
  • 330. Schmid, Monika S.
    et al.
    Beers Fägersten, Kristy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, English language.
    Disfluency Markers in L1 Attrition2010In: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 753-791Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on an analysis of the speech of long-term emigres of German and Dutch origin, the present investigation discusses to what extent hesitation patterns in language attrition may be the result of the creation of an interlanguage system, on the one hand, or of language-internal attrition patterns on the other. We compare speech samples elicited by a film retelling task from German emigres in Canada (n = 52) and the Netherlands (n = 50) and from Dutch emigres in Canada (n = 45) to retellings produced by predominantly monolingual control groups in Germany (n = 53) and the Netherlands (n = 45). Findings show that the attriting groups overuse empty pauses, repetitions, and retractions, whereas the distribution of filled pauses appears to conform more closely to the second language norm. An investigation of the location at which disfluency markers appear within the sentence suggests that they are indicators of difficulties that the attriters experience largely in the context of lexical retrieval.

  • 331. Schröder, Lisa
    et al.
    Keller, Heidi
    Tõugu, Pirko
    Tulviste, Tiia
    Lenk, Melanie
    Schwarzer, Sina
    Rübeling, Hartmut;
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language.
    Cultural Expressions of Preschoolers' Emerging Self: Narrative and Iconic Representations2011In: Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, ISSN 1945-8959, E-ISSN 1810-7621, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 77-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 332.
    Seeger, Taru
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Mitt bland allt hat och sur galla dyker dessa gulliga, pastelliga hästar upp som ett välbehövligt ljus i mörkret: Hur bronies identitet konstrueras i relation till andra grupper i tidningsartiklar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this research is to examine how bronies identity is constructed in relation to other groups in eight selected newspaper articles. The articles were analyzed from a language perspective with the method membership categorization analysis (MCA). The result was that bronies identity is constructed in relation to groups of adult /young men, nerds, parents, gays, hater on the internet, and girls. Bronies are depicted in these categories sometimes as belonging to them, but sometimes as not belonging. In relation to male and female, bronies are positioned in an alternative position somewhere in between. Bronies identity is constructed in many ways by others perceptions of them.

  • 333.
    Semenenko, Aleksei
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Hamlet the Sign: Russian Translations of Hamlet and Literary Canon Formation2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Sey, Famata
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Na Nga Def, Sumole or How are You?: A Field Study Regarding Language of Instruction in the Gambia 2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A field study was conducted in order to enquire which languages the teachers and the students were using, both during lessons and on breaks, and if and how several languages were used to instruct. Since colonialism, the  Gambia has experienced many European influences, which has led to English as the official language and also the language of instruction. This means that the teachers have to teach in a language which is not their own, nor their students’ native language. The phenomenon is called submersion, which has been proved to be a less successive practice. Hence, the government of today is struggling against many obstacles in order to meet the Education for All-policy, and ensure high quality education in the Gambia. However, the low achievements among the students, should not be considered solely an effect of the language of instruction, but also the methods used for teaching.

  • 335.
    Shabo, Gabriella
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Touma, Petra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur den engelska muntliga kommunikationen fungerar i det engelska klassrummet: en studie ur ett lärar- och elevperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine what factors affect the oral communication of teachers and students in fifth grade. The study is based on analyses of the working methods of four teachers of English, and it also considers the teachers’ as well as their students’ thoughts about oral communication in English. Methodologically, the teachers’ and students’ perspectives of oral communicative competence in English are explored through observations of and interviews with both groups. Following question have driven the study:

    What methods are used to motivate students to communicate verbally in the English-subject classroom?

    What obstacles can arise in the English classroom that affect the students’ verbal communication?

    What do pupils think of their willingness to communicate verbally in the English classroom?

    Why is it important to learn to speak English according to pupils?

    The theoretical foundation of the study includes the sociocultural perspective as well as theoretical concepts such as the Zone of Proximal Development, Scaffoldingand Mediation. Additionally, Stephen Krashen’s language learning theories are applied.The results presented here support the positive role of oral communication when teaching and learning English as a foreign language in Swedish elementary schools.

  • 336.
    Shakely, Naz
    Södertörn University College, School of Language and Culture.
    Crossing Lines: The Theme of Transgressing Social Boundaries in Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 337.
    Shands, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Grillo Mikrut, GiuliaPattanaik, Dipti R.Banaras Hindu University, India.Ferreira-Meyers, KarenUniversity of Swaziland.
    Writing the Self: Essays on Autobiography and Autofiction2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent discussions of autobiographical writing have led to a new terminology (autographies, autre-biographies, nouvelle autobiographie, autofiction, faction, égolittérature, circonfession), and current approaches to autobiography and autofiction suggest that this literary field offers a renewal and even a revolution of life-writing. Exploring autobiographical expression from different perspectives, the thirty essays in this book were presented at an international conference held at Södertörn University in 2014. As the essays in this anthology suggest, literary critics and authors alike are rethinking autobiographical writing and its definitions. Through the variety of papers, this anthology offers a thought-provoking overview of different approaches to autobiography and autofiction.

  • 338.
    Shands, Kerstin W.
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 1, English language.
    Collusion and resistance: Women writing in English2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Coming out of a collective teaching project at the English Department at

    Södertörn University College in Stockholm, Sweden, this anthology treats works of women writers spanning from the eighteenth century to the present day and includes chapters on Virginia Woolf's appropriation of the essay form, American road novels from the 1940s to the present, and studies of present-day writers, for instance Angela Carter's carnivalesque fiction, Alicia Ostriker's hermeneutic method and Toni Morrison's discourses on love.

    Many of the genres which these works represent, such as parody, science fiction, the picaresque, the road narrative and the essay, have traditionally been male. This volume explores the potential for feminist critique offered by these genres, critique of patriarchal ideologies as well as formal features, and demonstrate how gendered hierarchies are unsettled but not entirely transcended. Thus the resistance against traditional genre properties creates new spaces for women writers, while the collusion with existing forms inscribes these women writers in the literary tradition at large.

    Together with the students engaged in this project, the scholars represented in this anthology have embarked upon a conceptual voyage of discovery. One stop on this journey is Flemingsberg Station, the train station adjacent to Södertörn University College, situated in the midst of a multi-cultural community and in itself an image of appropriation and change.

  • 339.
    Silwing, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    "Ta en osthyvel och dra av bit efter bit av hjärnan": Ett dagordningsteoretiskt perspektiv på debatten om legalisering och avkriminalisering av cannabis i svensk press 2000-20152015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av material från åren 2000-2015 eventuella förändringar bland nyhetstexter som förekommit i svensk press då cannabislegalisering tas upp på nyhetsplats.

    Uppsatsen undersöker vilka källor som kommer till tals i de texter som analyserats. Uppsatsen undersöker även förekomst av argument och företeelser som går att koppla till debatten och diskussionen kring avkriminalisering och legalisering av cannabis.

    Undersökningens resultat tolkas för att försöka utröna eventuell förändring över tid, och analyseras ur ett dagordningsteoretiskt synsätt. Över tid så har fler aspekter av legaliseringsfrågan än tidigare tagits upp i rapporteringen på nyhetsplats, och bland dessa har den största ökningen skett sett till att använda cannabis som läkemedel. En annan variabel som ökat under perioden för undersökningen är vetenskaplig argumentation. Förekomst av terment ”knark” i samband med rapporteringen har avtagit under undersökningsperioden, på samma sätt somuttryck för ett enhetligt perspektiv på narkotika har.

    Politiker är den källan som vanligast förekommer i rapporteringen, och politik är den vanligaste anledningen till rapporteringen kring cannabislegalisering i Sverige under de åren som undersökningen spänner över.

  • 340.
    Sjödin, Anna-Pya
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Traditionens händelse: Vallabhas analys av slutledning i Nyāyalīlāvatī2008In: Årsbok / Kungl. Humanistiska vetenskaps-samfundet i Uppsala, ISSN 0349-0416Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Sjögren, Maria
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Moms för mottagarna?: En studie av begripligheten i två utgåvor av Momsbroschyren2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Skowronska, Martina
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Khemiriskans knasiga kreativitet: en kartläggning av Jonas Hassen Khemiris artificiella språk i boken Montecore - en unik tiger2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 343.
    Skwarski, Samuel
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Positionering av en blivande statsminister: Kritisk diskursanalys och textanalys av ett politiskt tal2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the causality between texts and society in a political speech. The study does so byanalyzing both text and aspects of the wider context, which the political speech is part of.The study is based on a mix of theory from both Faircloughs critical discourse analysis (CDA), systemicfunctional grammar (SFG) and conversation analysis (CA). The results show that the main goal of the political speech is to position the speaker as head of Swedishgovernment at both a national and international level by using a wide variety of discourse and by usingpronouns to establish common ground with the speaker and the listeners. The results also points out that the social practice which a political speech is part of is reproducing and maintaining power relations in which the speaker and the listener are not equal. The results also show how changes such as individualization, globalization and political uniformity can be seen as affecting discourse and social practice.

  • 344.
    Sköldvall, Kajsa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Rising, Charlotte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    Danielsson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    "Får man säga att det känns hopplöst?": Polisstudenter möter det akademiska skrivandet2017In: Studenters skrivande i humaniora och samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Anna Malmbjer, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, p. 215-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Stagnell, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric.
    Etik, retorik, politik: Till tvetydighetens lov2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan antiken har retoriken anklagats för att vara en omoralisk konst som endast bryr sig om framgång, helt utan hänsyn till det sanna eller det goda. Än idag, mer än tvåtusen år efter Platons förkastelsedom, saknar retorikvetenskapen en ingående diskussion kring frågan om retorikens etik.

    I Etik, Retorik, Politik - Till tvetydighetens lov söker Alexander Stagnell svar på denna fråga. Bokens första del är en genomgång av de antika retorikernas och sofisternas svar på Platons kritik, samt en undersökning av hur den samtida handbokslitteraturen i Skandinavien hanterar frågan. I den andra delen erbjuder författaren sitt eget svar på frågan om retorikens förhållande till etik.

     

  • 346.
    Strandvall, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Drivna män, dynamiska kvinnor?: Kontaktstrategier och könsassociationer i Nordnets platsannonser2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to investigate how a specific target group; potential, future female applicants, perceive the language in Nordnet’s job postings. The hypothesis that the language used in Nordnet’s job postings attracts men to a greater extent than women is a central starting point for the investigation. A secondary objective for the study is also to examine how the interactional metadiscourse, e.g. relationship building strategies, look like in five randomly selected job postings from Nordnet.

    The study is based on questions that apply to attitudes towards linguistic traits in the job postings and how the relationship building strategies is associated with masculinity or femininity. These questions are answered by two quantitative methods : a survey and a text analysis, the results of which formed the basis of the questionnaire survey design. 39 respondents participated in the survey, including 22 women and a control group of 17 men. The basis for text analysis were five randomly selected job postings from Nordnet. The study has a sociolinguistic approach and builds on Gaucher, Friesen & Kay's (2012) research on the effects of gendered wording in job postings and Xiaoli Fu's (2011) research on interactional metadiscourse in job postings. The results from the text analysis shows that the relationship building strategies of Nordnet’s job postings are consistent with previous research and the use of different attitude markers and reader-inclusive pronouns has a beneficial effect on the target audience.

    Furthermore, the results speak for hypothesis rejection - at least for the group studied – since most of the female participants claimed to be attracted to apply for a position within Nordnet and also experienced the job posting’s strategies in a positive way. Neither did the female participants associate the language with masculinity; on the contrary, instead the male participants rated selected parts of the job postings interactional metadiscourse as more masculine than the women did.

  • 347. Ström, Annika
    Att ta tillfället i akt: hyllningsdikter till en svensk 1600-talsprofessor1995In: Symbolae Septentrionales: Latin studies presented to Jan Öberg / [ed] Monika Asztalos, Claes Gejrot, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et mediævalia , 1995, p. 333-360Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Ström, Annika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Florilegia and progymnasmata: manuals linking theory with practice2003In: Erudition and eloquence: the use of Latin in the countries of the Baltic Sea (1500-1800) : acts of a colloquium held in Tartu, 23-26 August, 1999 / [ed] Outi Merisalo, Raija Sarasti-Wilenius, Helsinki: Academia scientiarum Fennica , 2003, p. 126-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 349. Ström, Annika
    Lachrymae Catharinae: five collections of funeral poetry from 1628 : edited with studies on the theoretical background and the social context of the genre1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Ström, Annika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Monumental messages: Latin inscriptions on tombstones and church bells in medieval Sweden2002Book (Other academic)
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