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  • 301.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Kyrkoarkiv som maritim-arkeologisk kunskapskälla: Identifieringen av två 1700-talsvrak med hjälp av sockenstämmoprotokoll, husförhörslängder och dödböcker2011In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 1, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Natten då Fågelvik brann2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Några anteckningar om Fröjels försvunna ham: Historiska kartor och en medeltida gåta2011In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 12-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 304. Törnqvist, Oscar
    "...odygdiga, obarmhärtiga, vilda, galna av förstörelselust": Något om vågornas och isens verkningar på maritimarkeologiska lämningar2009In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 2, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Paleogeografiska landskapsrekonstruktioner kring Kilakastalen: Skisser till den medeltida mikro- och makromiljön vid Kilaåns mynning2012Report (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Röster från ingenmansland: En identitetsarkeologi i ett maritimt mellanrum2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeological investigations into late iron age and medieval coastal soci­eties in Sweden have been focusing on a maritime culture, a traditional coastal and island-dwelling fisher-farmer and activities centered on fishing in a long maritime tradition as well as a specific maritime identity and ha­bi­tus. By deconstructing commonly used concepts and by using primarily written sources, it is here shown that there is a need for putting this culture and its agents into perspective by opening up the history of the maritime interspace and let in previously overlooked or disregarded historical actors in the narrative field dominated by men and landed farmers, such as landless, powerless, strangers, foreig­ners and women.

    The coast is shown to have been an arena for opportunism, societal expansion under landed gentry, nodes for pro­cure­ment and social oppression and focal points for inter-cultural contacts, trade, networking and self-realization and that the role of the islands and the “fisheries” was constantly remolded to fit different power strategies.

    Through a series of case studies, seldom discussed social relations, social groups and social predicaments are unmasked and discussed; the relation between norse and proto-Saami cultures, the role of women in fishing, em­ploy­ment of the poor or serfs, of incentives by strangers and foreig­ners. Many localities speak of con­flict, struggle and self-sought or forced marginal­ization; the emer­­gence of taxa­tion and the control of fishing, piracy and insurgency but also of exile, reclusion and asceticism. Running through history there has been a dicho­tomy and tension between the workforce and the benefactor, between small-scale and large-scale maritime procurement, between cooper­ation and con­flict and between the meeting place and the hidden refuge.

    To conclude, the study sketches the ethno genesis of the hitherto “fisher-farmer” and exposes a wider set of actors and their strategies in the maritime space and ends with advocating a series of potentially fruitful research frameworks of study; cultural niches in the maritime environment, actor geographies in the out­back, the use of maritime produce in societal transformations, and to further investigate the harsh, hidden or exposed, islands as places for sociocultural and economical strategies with profound social, psychological and spiritual impact.

  • 307. Törnqvist, Oscar
    Strandhugg: Om platser och handlingar i kustbandet2020 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har arkeologer påträffat ett stort antal hus- eller hyddgrunder i Sveriges skärgårdar. Dessa ansågs först vara eftermedeltida, senare att de var rester av ett traditionsbundet utskärsfiske med rötter i medeltiden. Man förmodade att de var lämningar från husbehovsfiske och småskalig fiskhandel som bedrivits av kustboende fiskarbönder. På senare tid har det istället visat sig att många av dessa hus- eller hyddgrunder användes under vikingatiden och att utskärsfisket inte kan spåras till denna tid. Vilka var det då som verkade i skärgårdarna under dessa perioder och vad gjorde de egentligen där?

    Här beskrivs den verksamhet som bedrivits i våra skärgårdar från vikingatiden och fram till modern tid. De vidgade perspektiv som presenteras öppnar upp för nya forskningsområden inom vilka aktörer, samhälle, ekologi och ekonomi länkas samman genom föränderlighet och opportunism istället för tradition och allmogekultur.

  • 308.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.
    Tidigmesolitiska kustlandskap i Blekinge?: Förstudie inför prospektering av Stärnö och Biskopsmåla skärgårdar, Blekinge : Rapport från projektet Landscapes Lost. Exploring the Early Holocene Submarine Landscapes in the Southern Baltic Sea2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2011 initierade institutet MARIS ett projekt inom vilket Skånes och Blekinges submarina stenålder avses undersökas.

    Syftet med denna förstudie är att finna en lämplig metod för en första avgränsning av sökrummet och sedan peka ut lokaler/delområdenmed stor potential för förekomst av välbevarade tidigmesolitiska boplatser eller andra aktivitetsytor (t ex fiskefällor,jaktstationer) inom två utvalda områden i Blekinge vid Stärnö och Biskopsmåla skärgårdar. Områdena har valts av Länsstyrelsen i Blekinge efter samråd med naturvårdsintressen. Denna förstudie bidrara lltså till att kunna avgränsa sökytan inom redan utpekade områden.

  • 309. Törnqvist, Oscar
    Trålningsspåren på spåren: nya metoder för att spåra och förutse skador på skeppsvrak2009In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 4, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.
    Vikingarnas outforskade landskap: Tomtningslokaler - enkla fiskeplatser eller delar av olika, komplexa kulturlandskap?2012In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 4, p. 17-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Wallace, Shaun
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    The Sovereign's Cabin: A reconstruction and interpretation of the wooden sculptures and wall panelling in the great cabin and stern gallery of the warship Vasa of 1628.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The great cabin of the warship Vasa was adorned as a palace like room rather than aships cabin, containing over seventy wooden sculptures. The herm pilasters andconsole heads possibly held symbolic meaning, as did the exterior sculptures of theship. Why was so much money spent on the cabin? Who was its intended audience?How was the great cabin decorated and why? A study of the archaeological remainswithin their wider maritime and decorative historical context, can give the reasons for the designing and building of this highly decorative and expensive cabin.

  • 312.
    Westerlund, Ninni
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Upplevelse & Inlevelse: En kulturarvspedagogisk studie av Hogslaby Järnåldersby, Botkyrka kommun2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to view the aims of the local authority of Botkyrka for their prehistoric village, and to compare those with the actual activities in the village.

    Because of no official formulated aims, the study were laboured through interviews, observations, analysis of evaluations and a parallell literature study.

    For the visiting pupils today, the village has an introduction, but not a follow-up. Pedagogically the follow-up is the most important part, seeing that it’s there the knowledge is created in relation to the experience.

    Through experience-pedagogy, based on learning by doing, try to attain an experience intended to generate knowledge. But in this case, the focus lands on doing, and the reflection fails to occur. This is a learning based on the situation, rather than on the reflection, situated learning.

  • 313.
    Wiklund, Jonas
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Hur såg Birkas hamn ut och vilka transporter behövdes?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is located on the bottom in the water outside of Birka? Remains of a water palisade or jetties and other constructions.

    Birka a Viking Age town that existed between AD 750 and 975 was located on the northwestern part of the small island of Björkö, in the Mälar archipelago of the Baltic Sea in Sweden. The Town was protected onshore by a hill fort and a town rampart. It is a widely spread assumption that Birka had a water palisade as a part of its defense. There are logs and other remnants on the bottom of the lake dating back to the Viking age. Uncertainty remains as to the origin of these remnants. The questions being, are they from a water palisade or the remnants of jetties and other constructions. The amount of fire wood alone needed to support 500 inhabitants for one year is equal to a wall of wood one meter high, one meter wide and two kilometers in length. This calculation does not take into account the wood used for transportation of other materials, people and animals. The conclusion is that future examination of the area is necessary to find out what is located on the bottom in the water.

  • 314.
    Wiklund, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Vardagslivet i hamnen: Djurhamns historia belyst med marinarkeologiskt material2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Those who today hear the name Djurhamn are maybe first thinking of a summer resort place with sunbathing, swimming and recreational boating activities. Djurhamn has an interesting and fascinating history well intertwined with the history of Sweden. The interesting history was exposed by the Stockholm Sport Diving Club which, during the summers of 1964 and 1965, brought up a large number of finds from the bottom of Djurhamn. The findings could essentially be dated to be in the in the period 1500s to 1700s. Like other parts of the East Coast Djurhamn was hit in "Russian raids" in the early 1700s. The known meetings of warships during the Vasa era and the history of naval ship Riskswasas fate also reflects the interesting parts of Djurhamn history. While working on this, a number of dives were made at the bottom of the basin in Djurhamn. Two side-scan surveys have also been conducted. Overall, this has not resulted in any change of the picture of what's on Djurhamns bottom. A previously unknown wreck that lies south of the cemetery have, however, been located based on information from the public. The finds from the dives during 1964 and 1965 talk about food and drinks, cooking utensils, three-leg pots and bottles speaks their language. Even earlier dated bargain materials speak the same language. It is a place where everyday objects leave imprints on the bottom along with the testimony of a brickyard, which flourished for a short period. Which traces have been left from the naval activities? Practically none. On land there are no naval monuments. The objects which were brought up at the 1960 dives were almost entirely attributable to the applications connected to cooking. Our modern society is a complex reality. There are homes, workplaces, hospitals, places of entertainment, etc. People are born, grow up, grow old and die. What do we find in the signs of the Djurhamn? Well, a picture that much is a reflection of today's society. Also here you are born grown up grown old and finally dead. Heavy drinking has flourished. In addition to self-household and shipping, there has been brick industry and cholera quarantine. Finally, perhaps Djurhamn over time is best described as farmers, fishermen and hungry sailors’ history more than the history of the fleet in the Vasa kings’ service.

  • 315.
    Yu, Shi-Yong
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Berglund, Björn E
    Lund University.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Uppsala University.
    Sandgren, Per
    Lund University.
    Mid-Holocene Baltic Sea transgression along the coast of Blekinge, SE Sweden ancient lagoons correlated with beach ridges2004In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 126, p. 257-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mid-Holocene Littorina transgression in southern Scandinavia is well documented. Multiple-stratigraphic sequences in ancient Littorina lagoons in the coastal area of Blekinge, SE Sweden reveal a maximum relative sea level of 7-8 m above present sea level between 8000-6000 cal. BP. Evidence for at least two transgression waves is found within this period. In this study these are documented in one modern lake and correlated with an ancient beach-lagoon stratigraphy. Furthermore, two younger transgressions are documented at one site, altogether establishing a firm transgression chronology for the time span 8000-4000 cal. BP (sea level 5-8 m a.s.l.) as a basis for understanding the dynamics of Baltic sea-level changes. Neolithic cultural layers are correlated to regression periods, indicating more favorable conditions for beach settlement between stormy transgression periods.

  • 316.
    Änggård, Adele
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies. adeleanggard@gmail.com.
    Figurines as multiple art: Studying the shape and forms of Neolithic Statuettes2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is on Neolithic figurines and the type of plurality found in four statuettes.

    We follow why three dimensional figurines are a part of many museum collections and yet documentation is often comparatively scarce compared to other fields of archaeology. How this is connected to figurine’s uncertain imagery and why their visual ambiguity raises questions about what is deemed ‘cultural and well formulated art’.

    Scandinavian figurine character and plural imagery is compared with multirepresentational statuettes from other parts of the European continent.

    The result of exploring Neolithic figurine’s art is with an aim to broaden insights into what the statuettes depict. This includes studying why ceramic moulded art is easier to understand, when each sculpture is allowed several interpretations.

    Seeing them as pluralistic is a move that invites modernity to examine unexplored areas of what their combinations represented for the cultures that produced them.

    The paper examines an artistic approach to figurines and asks if art can enable archaeologists to see three dimensional images as a definable form of expression that belongs to the Neolithic period’s accomplishments?

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