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  • 301.
    Hurd, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, History, Literature and Religion, History.
    The female and the nation: The rhetoric of German-Polish difference2005In: Gender transitions: in Russia and Eastern Europe / [ed] Asztalos Morell, Ildikó, Carlbäck, Helene, Hurd, Madeleine, Rastbäck, Sara, Eslöv: Gondolin , 2005, p. 43-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Hussien, Rana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Wykocka, Zaneta
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Rosa är en tjejfärg: En kvalitativ studie om konstruerande/ görande av kön i förskolebarns och pedagogers interaktioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study has been to study constructions of traditional gender norms and gender roles that appear during interactions between the children as well as between the children and the teachers in preschool. The study is based on two central questions, which are: How to construct and repeat traditional gender differences and stereotype expectations in the pedagogues' speech, actions and interactions with the children, as well as how to construct and repeat traditional gender differences and stereotype expectations in the children's speech, actions and interactions with each other. Observation is the main research method for this study. We have made observations in two different preschools. One is a municipal preschool located in an ethnically diverse area and the other is privately owned and located in a more ethnically homogeneous area. To analyze and get a deeper understanding of the collective material and the knowledge gathered from the observations, the socio-cultural perspective and the social constructivist perspective as well as central concepts around gender, masculinity and norms have been used. Previous research in this field has been used to put the study into perspective and discuss the results. The results of this study show that traditional gender differences are maintained and strengthened, but also counteracted and transformed in the interaction of children and teachers and in the interaction of children with each other at these two preschools. This happens in both children's and teachers' actions, ways to talk and use the language with different gendered words, but also in children's relation to the materials and environment in preschool. The results show it is more acceptable that girls tend to counteract and transform traditional gender differences than boys. The teachers counteract and transform traditional gender differences more with girls than with boys. The study shows that it is most often girls who counteract and transform traditional gender differences in preschool. The masculine is not always over the feminine in all situations. Hegemony and dominance are created in special situations. In some situations, the feminine is over the masculine. Role-playing is a situation that can be seen as a girls`arena, where the girls have the power and dominance over the boys.

  • 303.
    Högsborn, Erica
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    De leende kvinnorna: en jämställdhetsutredning av en mandominerad arbetsplats2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is part of a project between Södertörn University College and Stockholm Academic Forum. The focus of the project is gender equality in small- and medium sized companies. I have worked with a construction company called Activa . The majority of the employees at the company were male and I was interested in the consequences of gender construction in such an environment. I think that the basic condition for equality work is an understanding of gender and the male norm. The purpose was to investigate how these things worked out in the Activa organisation. I wanted to investigate the consequences of gender and illustrate how discrimination can work. The conclusions are supposed to be a base for the company’s future equality opportunities.

    The methodology for this investigation were interviews. I have interviewed six persons, whom all worked at the company-office. The interviews were informal conversations based on a semi-structured methodology. The information I got was interpret by the hermeneutic tradition and analysed by gender theories.

    The conclusions of this study are that gender indeed affected the organisation structure. The male and female employees experienced different working conditions. The male norm were in fact setting the agenda in the organisation. The male employees had better possibilities to affect the working conditions compared to the women. Both men and women maintained this structure. They were all acting in order of their expectations. The consequence of these structures, and the behaviour of both men and women at the company, creates an conception of the male norm as natural.

  • 304.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Education.
    Att överskrida ras: en introduktion till begreppet transrasialitet speglad genom transrasiala erfarenheter och fantasier2011In: Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, ISSN 0907-6182, E-ISSN 2245-6937, Vol. 20, no 3-4, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 305.
    Inkala, Maija
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    "När jag var liten identifierade jag mig alltid med Lilla My...": Femininitetsideal bland första och andra generationens sverigefinska kvinnor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore femininity ideals associated with being Finnish and Swedish and what impact these ideals have on first and second generation Finnish immigrants residing in Sweden. Further it is explored how masculinity ideals associated with Finnishness and prejudice against the two nationalities shape the women’s identities. This is done with an intersectional perspective and understood through theories of respectability and critical femininity studies. Interviews conducted with four women, two born in Finland and two born in Sweden, are analyzed with the help of discursive psychology, focusing on how they perceive themselves and others. The results show that first and second generation Finnish women relate to these ideals differently. First generation Finnish women are more likely to idealize Finnish femininity ideals, whereas second generation Finnish women are more affected by Swedish femininity ideals. The analysis also shows that the women were more likely to discuss ideals associated with Finnishness during the interviews, the Finnish ideals being understood as differing from the Swedish norm.

  • 306.
    Isaksson, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Lennerhed, LenaSödertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Partnerskapslagen: Ett vittnesseminarium om partnerskapslagens tillkomst2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Jakobsson, Knut
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    ”Allt jag gör är återskapande av makt”: Konfliktytor mellan sexualitet och feminism hos feministiska män2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about conflicts between feminist theory and lived male sexuality. By interviewing four male feminist identified young activists this studie examines how these men solve potential conflicts between sexual desires and feminist ideals and how their identitiesare created with regards to feminist theory. A qualitative poststructuralist approach is used where feminst discourses set outs different ways for the men to interpret themselves as feminist subjects. The study concludes that these men distance themselves from what they find as different kinds of hegemonic masculinities, such as: activity, dominance and heterosexual masculinities. The possibilities of identification for the men in the study are: ”afemale position”, ”a non male position”, ”a refllexive or searching position” or ”a nonheterosexual position”.

  • 308.
    Jangmyr, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    "goda influenser utifrån": En textanalys av hur föreställningar om feminism och nationalitet konstrueras i ett kommentarfält på Newsmill2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     In ”goda influenser utifrån” (positive effects from abroad) the purpose is to explore how ideas about feminism and nationality is created within the commentarys on Newsmill (swedish websight for debate). The questions which is directed on the basis of my purpose is drafted to enable my enquiry. On intersectional premisses, and with the help of a textanalysis, i will dress the data which i collected from one field of commentarys. The analysis is divided into themes in which and everyone i tend to immerse on that particular theme.

  • 309.
    Joensen, Alma
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    What's the Problem?: An Analysis of EU's Gender Equality Policy2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For the past decade, EU’s gender equality policies have undergone some changes that have affected the way in which the problem with gender equality is now represented. This case study analysis explores what the problem with gender inequalities is represented to be in EU’s Strategy for Equality between Women and Men, 2010-2015, and whether there are any presuppositions or assumptions underlying EU’s representation of the problem. The method used for analysis is Carol Lee Bacchi’s approach: What’s the Problem (represented to be)?, which is a post-structuralist approach that pays much attention to language and discourse. EU’s gender equality policy is then compared with Sylvia Walby’s theory on the patriarchy, that explains gender inequalities as being systematically produced through a system of social structures. The main conclusion is that EU’s gender policies are tailored to fit the political priorities of the union, which are to achieve the objectives of the EU 2020 Strategy.  The problems are mainly being represented from an economic perspective, and furthermore the EU dismisses the notion that gender inequalities are a result of our social structures, and rather explains the problem of gender inequality as being the problem of women.

     

  • 310.
    Johansson, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Sex och sanning: Diskurser kring kön och sexualitet på ungdomsmottagningar2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur man talar om sexualitet på ungdomsmottagningar samt hur den diskurs som formas där verkar i förhållande till kön och sexuell läggning. Undersökningens metod är kvalitativ och grundar sig på intervjuer med barnmorskor verksamma vid olika mottagningar.

    Ungdomsmottagningarna har sina rötter i preventivmedelsrådgivning och i uppsatsen diskuteras hur de präglas av sin historia som ett forum för heterosexuella tjejer. Barnmorskorna gör ansträngningar för att bryta denna bild och de verkar för att ifrågasätta traditionella uppfattningar om kön och kritiserar heteronormativiteten. I deras utsagor ryms dock motsägelser och samtidigt som de uttrycker en ambition om att förändra sexualitetsnormer så riskerar de att reproducera dem.

  • 311.
    Johansson, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Wallin, Petra
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    ”Förhoppningsvis är man två”: En studie över hur 18-åringar i en mindre stad i Sverige resonerar kring kön, kropp och sexualitet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is about how teenagers around 18 years of age in a small town in Sweden talk about gender, body and sexuality. The study is based on two focus group interviews with five boys and four girls. We have then thematized and analyzed the material with queer theory.The results show how young people see heterosexuality as something 'natural' and gender as biologically determined. The teenagers are critical towards anything that deviates from the traditional nuclear family consisting of mother, father and children. Norms are created in their speech as some of them acts as so called "border guards" for these norms. Our conclusion is that there are difficulties to be deviate in terms of gender, sexuality and body in a small town.

  • 312.
    Johansson, Moa
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    "Man tiger, biter ihop och går vidare?": en representationsteoretisk analys av talet om sexuella trakasserier i en svensk kulturdebatt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyse how medial representations in a specific cultural debate expresses thoughts about gender, power and speech. The debate in question took place in Sweden 2010 and was about an inspection of sexual harassments in the Swedish acting area, made by Sveriges Radio, Ekot. This essay examines the made representations of the debate, with a feministic point of view and concludes that a male gaze shapes the form of speech and gives the debate a discourse sort of reasoning about gender. The special discourse formatted in the examined area contains a certain conception of power and the structure of power, which is also explained by the male gaze and the meaning of post-feminism.

  • 313.
    Johansson, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Articulations of Gender and Nation in Music Use in Stockholm and Moscow2013In: [Conference] Music, Gender & Difference: Intersectional and postcolonial perspectives on musical fields, Vienna, October 10-12, 2013: Books of abstracts, Wien, 2013, p. 85-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that uses of media technologies (Gray 1992, Lally 2002) as well as music consumption (DeNora 2000) are gendered practices, while scholars have also emphasized how national context and ideas about nation, ethnicity and race play into the uses of media technologies (Miller & Slater 2000) and music cultures (Roy 2010).  Drawing on such analyses, this paper investigates contemporary practices in music use from an intersectional feminist perspective. It takes as its starting point the Internet as a core music platform, which is transforming listening modes and potentially also meanings of music.

    Posing questions about how to understand emerging trends in music use in relation to music as a gendered and place-bound practice, the paper presents one part of a larger study of music use online among young adults in Stockholm and Moscow. The study is ongoing and is conducted by the presenters and their colleagues. Analyzing focus group interviews with young adult men and women, the paper explores how – primarily – gender and nation is articulated (Hall 1996) in the talk about music and online media technologies. Through discussions about their favorite music as well as their favorite media to use when listening to music, and how music is intricately intertwined in their social networks, the participants display ideas about themselves in a context of gender, place, ethnicity and race. We argue that the way they listen to music and use media technology such as Spotify and Last FM can be understood as interplaying with the process of articulation of gender and nation, and that this articulation may differ between different places.  

  • 314.
    Johnsson, Sonja
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Thurfjell, Klara
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetens olika världar: Jämställdheten på ett företag och i det internationella arbetet2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to examine how issues concerning gender equality are perceived and to show what areas are defined as problematic in different discourses. It also raises the question of who is defined as responsible for dealing with issues concerning gender equality in these different contexts. Theories used are the gender system and intersectionality. The study builds on a mapping of a company that is active nationally and internationally, with emphasis on the problems that can arise when these two social contexts meet, with a special focus on cathegories such as gender and “Swedishness”. The material was first gathered through the use of questionnaires and interviews, then analysed through discourse analysis. The analysis shows that discourses of gender equality can be seen as constructed and dependent on the context, problems concerning equality are defined in one way nationally and in another way internationally. In cases of sexual harassment internationally the informants often choose to look the other way and feel like it is difficult to bring the “Swedish” values concerning equality abroad. It is more common to adapt to the ways of international colleagues but the informants also find it important to point out that they don’t necessarily agree with these.

  • 315.
    Jonsson, Lina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Language and Culture.
    Pojan, Natalie
    Södertörn University College, School of Language and Culture.
    2006Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
  • 316.
    Josefsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Female Empowerment and HIV: Fighting Gender Roles and a Deadly Disease2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role of female empowerment and NGOs in HIV-prevention. A case study from Babati, northern Tanzania, is presented as part of my investigation and will affiliate theory with reality. Further the study is based on feminist and postcolonial theory as well as gender perspectives on HIV and AIDS.

    A persons gender determines how vulnerable that person is to HIV and related consequences; I will claim that HIV and AIDS threaten women to a greater extent then men and that women’s abilities to empowerment are negatively affected as well. I will also claim that female empowerment is a necessary mean to prevent HIV and that this involves a more profound change than solely equal distribution of resources.

    My study will show how female subordination permeates all societal structures and how this is perceived by NGOs and others in Babati when addressing the HIV- pandemic and its effect on women. I will describe the grass-root actions taken by the NGOs to deal with this and what obstacles they encounter.

  • 317.
    Kain, Carina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Män skall inte grubbla över sin manlighet, de ska inte vara feminister och genusvetare": En litteraturstudie av maskulint ifrågasättande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study male questioning of masculinity. The study of the questioning will be conducted through a literature study, that will be done using an anthology that holds a critical perspective towards masculinity. The study of the questioning, will be done through mapping the most common patterns within the questioning together with patterns in the form used for presenting the questioning. Apart from the focus on the questioning and its form, which norms that are being questioned will also be studied. Apart from the focuses mentioned above, the last focus is directed towards finding patterns within the chosen themes vulnerability and homosociality. Since the focuses of the thesis will be studied through finding patterns within the material, thematic analysis will be used as a method. The method queer reading will also be used for studying norms.

    What has been found is that the form of the questioning mainly contains alternative thinking and reflections about ideals, as well as frustration related to trying to live up to these ideals. Overall few innovatory perspectives were brought up in the questioning, but the own father was rather commonly brought up in relation to reflection of the own masculinity. Regarding the chosen themes, avoiding to express emotions of vulnerability openly was found to be most common regarding vulnerability. Within the theme of homosociality, the most common pattern was that the men maintained a distance to each other. The most interesting discovery was found within the reflective form, which became interesting, since the stories contained an understanding that reflection should be avoided in order to uphold a masculine identity. Paradoxically then, the overall form of the material was reflective stories, making the form of the stories a break against a central norm found within their content.

  • 318.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    War films and gendered nostalgia for the WWII2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to explore the common ground between bio-politics, gender, patriotism and war nostalgia. Taking off from the Foucaldian notion of biopolitics as a control apparatus exerted over a population, we provide an insight into the modern construction of Russian nation, where personal and collective sacrifice, traditional femininity and masculinity, orthodox religion andwar become the basis for patriotism. On carefully chosen case studies we will show how the state directly and indirectly regulates peoples lives by producing narratives, which are translated into media discourses and with a core of time create specific “gender norms” – women are seen as fertile mothers giving birth to new soldiers, while men are shown as fighters and defenders of their nation. In the constructed discourses nostalgia for a war plays one of the central roles and becomes a ground of a creation of an idea of a nation as one biological body, where brothers and sisters are united together. In these popular culture narratives people’s bodies become a battlefield of domestic politics. Popular culture hence produces a narrative of a healthy nation to ensure the healthy work- and military force. The authors tackle the above-mentioned aims by conducting visual analysis of several films, where the main characters are women in contrast to the majority of films about war. (Batallion (2015), A zori zdes’ tikhie (2015)). 

  • 319.
    Karlström, Nina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Praising a Queen and a New Era?: Gender and Rhetoric in One German-Language Panegyrical Text Written in Connection With the Coronation of Ulrika Eleonora the Younger of Sweden2013In: (Re-)Contextualizing Literary and Cultural History: The Representation of the Past in Literary and Material Culture / [ed] Elisabeth Wåghäll Nivre, Beate Schirmacher & Claudia Egerer, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, p. 189-206Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Kella, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Henriksson, Helena Wahlström
    Uppsala University.
    Från Gästredaktionen: Abort och Reproduktiva Val2019In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 40, no 3-4, p. 3-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Kella, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, English language.
    Henriksson, Helena WahlströmCentrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Tidskrift för genusvetenskap: Abort och reproduktiva val2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna specialnummer av Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap handlar om abort och reproduktiva val. Den innehåller en inledning av gästredaktörerna och 6 vetenskapliga artiklar som belyser ämnet från olika feministiska perspektiv. Den innehåller dessutom en diskussion kring "det kvinnliga ansvaret", samt bokrescensioner och inlägg från Sveriges genusforskarförbund.

  • 322.
    Komlenac, Nikola
    et al.
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Verdonk, Petra
    Amsterdam UMC-VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Hochleitner, Margarethe
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Siller, Heidi
    Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Parenthood does not explain the gender difference in clinical position in academic medicine among Swedish, Dutch and Austrian physicians2019In: Advances in Health Sciences Education, ISSN 1382-4996, E-ISSN 1573-1677, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 539-557Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have continuously shown that fewer women than men achieve leadership positions in academic medicine. In the current study we explored gender differences in clinical position among academic physicians at three university hospitals, each in a different European country. These countries, Sweden, the Netherlands and Austria, differ in terms of gender equality. We analyzed whether the number of children, working hours or publications could explain gender differences in physicians' clinical position. In this cross-sectional questionnaire study 1333 (54% female) physicians participated. Physicians were asked about their gender, age, number of children, working hours and clinical position. We used structural equation models to explore the influence of gender on the physicians' clinical position in each of the three countries. We explored whether the association between gender and clinical position could be explained by number of children, working hours or publication activity. The analyses revealed that at all three university hospitals gender influenced clinical position. These gender differences in clinical position could be partly explained by gender differences in publication activity. Female physicians as compared to male physicians were likely to publish fewer articles, and in turn these lower publication numbers were associated with lower clinical positions. The number of children or working hours did not explain gender differences in publication activity or clinical position. Therefore, factors other than unequal allocation of household labor, such as the academic working environment, may still disproportionately disadvantage women's progress, even at universities in countries with high rates of gender equality such as Sweden.

  • 323.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Bunt kobiet AD 2016: skąd się wziął i czego nas uczy?2016In: Przebudzona rewolucja: Prawa reprodukcyjne kobiet w Polsce. Raport 2016 / [ed] Agata Czarnacka, Warsaw: Fundacja im. Izabeli Jarugi-Nowackiej , 2016, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pl]

    Masowe protesty przeciwko projektowi całkowitego zakazu aborcji w 2016 okazały się sukcesem. Udało się nie tylko zmobilizować do działania setki tysięcy kobiet, ale też wymusić na rządzących zmianę decyzji. Projekt Ordo Iuris został odrzucony po pierwszym czytaniu w Sejmie i choć nie była to z pewnością ostatnia próba zaostrzenia prawa aborcyjnego w Polsce, udało się wygrać przynajmniej tę bitwę. Skala i zasięg protestów pokazują ogromny potencjał zaangażowania kobiet, które nie mieszkają w wielkich miastach i które nie uczestniczyły do tej pory w życiu politycznym, a przynajmniej nie tak aktywnie jak przy okazji Czarnych Protestów. Okazało się, że polskie społeczeństwo obywatelskie nie jest bynajmniej uśpione i apatyczne, ale aktywne i gotowe do wyjścia na ulice, gdy sytuacja tego wymaga. Ten rozdział stara się odpowiedzieć na pytania: dlaczego kobiety zmobilizowały się właśnie w tym momencie i jak to się stało, że w 2016 roku doszło do masowego buntu Polek.

  • 324.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ciało-w-ciało z matką: Matki i córki w obiektywie Zorka Project [recension av utställningen] Zorka Project "Matki", Galeria Luksfera, Warszawa, 23.09 - 23.10.20052005In: Obieg, no 10Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 325.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Explaining mass protests against abortion ban in Poland: the power of connective action2016In: Zoon Politikon, ISSN 2082-7806, no 7, p. 91-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines successful mass mobilization against the proposed total ban on abortion, focusing on the Black Protest initiated online in September 2016 and the All-Poland’s Women Strikes which took place on the 3rd and 24th of October 2016. The aim is to explain how the resistance towards the proposed bill emerged and developed over time, and to shed light on the factors behind its success. It is argued that the emergence of and mass participation in the protests resulted from a range of factors including the heightened political climate in Poland and normalization of street protests as a reaction to the closing of regular communication channels between citizens and authorities, as well as an emotional dynamic of mobilization and wide use of social media for sharing information, communication and networking. The success – the government’s decision to reject the project – can be explained as stemming from the mass scale of mobilization but also from favorable political opportunity structure and the lack of popular support for the proposed law. The analysis shows that the protests followed the logic of connective action based on the use of flexible, easily personalized action frames, which were well-embedded in cultural narratives referencing the history of resistance against an oppressive state. 

  • 326.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    'Ginealogy': Towards the revival of feminine genealogies in the works of contemporary Polish artists2008In: Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, ISSN 1488-0989, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Luce Irigaray argues, that in order to re-evaluate and revive the feminine in culture we need to turn our attention to relations between women, especially mothers and daughters, and revive “feminine genealogies from oblivion” (1995: 13). In the present text, I scrutinize the works of contemporary Polish artists: Monika Zielińska/Mamzeta and Katarzyna Górny demonstrating strategies they employ to retrace the voices of women and to re-interpret the figures of the mother and daughter. Their art can be viewed as an attempt to transgress the established gender order in a very Irigarayan sense: by bringing up the maternal, and by regaining female genealogies, or even creating “ginealogies” instead—the term referring to the work “Genealogy/ginealogy: The Scar After the Mother” by Monika Zielińska, who replaced the supposedly neutral prefix “gyne” with feminine “gine.” Through the representations of the maternal body: sensual and desiring, but also aging, sick, disabled or dying, entirely new understanding of female subjectivity can be acquired. Female corporeality, also the non-normative that typically exists on the margins of the patriarchal culture is finally placed in the centre. Artists, whose works I discuss struggle to find visual language(s) that would enable the expression of women’s experiences, in line with Irigaray’s idea of reviving women’s language(s) and representations along with enlivening their-story, making an important contribution to the attempts at recovering the female voice, which is still undervalued and forgotten in our culture(s)

  • 327.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kobiecość jako źródło cierpień: Matki i córki w polskim kinie2009In: Ciało i seksualność w kinie polskim / [ed] Stanislaw Jagielski & Agnieszka Morstin-Poplawska, Krakow: Wyd. UJ , 2009, p. 155-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Warsaw Univeristy, Warsaw, Poland.
    Making babies and citizens: reproductive technologies adn citizenship in Poland2019In: Borderlands in European Gender Studies: Beyond the East–West Frontier / [ed] Teresa Kulawik, Zhanna Kravchenko, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 151-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Mass protests against abortion ban and the awakening of Polish civil society2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 330.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Naturalna więź?: Reprezentacje relacji matka-córki w tekstach polskiej kultury popularnej2009In: Kobiety-Feminizm-Demokracja / [ed] Boguslawa Budrowska, Warszawa: Wydawn. IFiS PAN , 2009, p. 43-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. The Institute for Advanced Study, Political Critique in Warsaw.
    Neoliberalism and feminist organizing: from “NGO-ization of resistance” to resistance against neoliberalism2016In: Solidarity in Struggle: Feminist Perspectives on Neoliberalism in East-Central Europe / [ed] Eszter Kováts (ed.), Budapest: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2016, p. 32-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with feminists critiques of neoliberalism, specifically with the influential narrative about the NGO-ization of women’s movement and co-optation of feminism by neo-liberalism (Charkiewicz 2009, Fraser 2011, McRobbie 2009). It argues that while the vision of the feminist actors as “the handmaidens” of neoliberalism accurately captures some aspects of contemporary feminist organizing, it obfuscates others, especially new and original forms of resistance taking place beyond the perimeters of what is usually included in the “Western” context (Aslan and Gambetti 2011, Funk 2012). I discuss some examples of the struggles against neoliberal logic and practices in the Polish context, arguing that while there has been a strong trend towards professionalization and de-politicization of civic activism in the country, during the last decade we can observe a growing resistance against this tendency. The paper concludes with discussing various forms of anti-neoliberal women’s organizing highlighting the opportunities and risks involved in employing them in the context of the local and transnational struggles.

  • 332. Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    One Woman Leads to Another: Female Identity in the Works of Margaret Atwood2004In: American Studies, ISSN 0209-1232, Vol. 21, p. 35-52Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 333.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Ruch feministyczny a kwestia socjalna: lekcje z przeszłości i wyzwania przyszłości2017In: Ruch feministyczny w Polsce a kwestia socjalna / [ed] Elżbieta Korolczuk; Julia Kubisa; Dorota Szelewa, Warszawa: Freidrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2017, p. 20-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Równość płci – ideologia, utopia czy rzeczywistość? 2010In: Szwecja: Przewodnik nieturystyczny, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Krytyki Politycznej , 2010, p. 203-212Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 335.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland.
    ‘The purest citizens’ and ‘IVF children’: Reproductive citizenship in contemporary Poland2016In: Reproductive BioMedicine and Society Online, ISSN 2405-6618, Vol. 3, p. 126-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the public debate on reproductive technologies in contemporary Poland, focusing on the rhetoricalstrategies used by the main opponents of IVF: conservative politicians representing the leading parties in the Polish parliament andthe representatives of the Catholic Church. The analysis highlights the exclusionary logic inscribed in the construction of the maincategories of political subjects in this debate, revealing important limitations of reproductive citizenship in the Polish context. Thestudy draws on a variety of texts published in print and electronic media between 2007 and 2015, including articles on infertility andreproductive technologies published in the main Polish daily and weekly print publications, online resources (web pages, forums andFacebook pages), documents issued by the representatives of the Church, politicians and experts, e.g. open letters, commentaries,information for the media and interviews.

  • 336.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Social Construction of Motherhood and Daughterhood in Contemporary Poland: a trans-generational perspective2010In: Polish Sociological Review, ISSN 1231-1413, no 4, p. 467-485Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Z matki na córkę?: Ku międzygeneracyjnemu modelowi przemian kobiecej tożsamości we współczesnej Polsce2010In: Kobiety w polskiej transformacji 1989-2009: Podsumowania, interpretacje, prognozy / [ed] Monika Frąckowiak-Sochańska & Sabina Królikowska, Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Graff, Agnieszka
    Co się stało z naszym światem?: Populizm, gender i przyszłość demokracji2018In: Prognozowanie przyszłości: Myślenie z wnętrza kryzysu / [ed] Przemysław Czapliński & Joanna B. Bednarek, Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Katedra , 2018, p. 249-280Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [pl]

    W rozdziale próbujemy odpowiedzieć na pytania: Co się stało z naszym światem? Co zrobić, aby odzyskać przyszłość? Naszym zdaniem kluczowa jest szeroko rozumiana kwestia płci i opieki, czyli gender. Pokazujemy, że choć liberalny mainstream wie już, że o gender wypada co pewien czas wspomnieć, częściej też dopuszcza do głosu kobiety, ale chyba nie bardzo rozumie, dlaczego należy to robić. Gender to pewien nadmiar, dodatek do tego, co stanowić ma rdzeń opcji liberalnej – demokracji proceduralnej, trójpodziału władzy i wolnego rynku. Co więcej, feminizm na co dzień bywa niewygodny. Po pierwsze, komplikuje ulubioną kategorię liberałów jaką jest abstrakcyjnie pojmowana „jednostka”. Po drugie, utrudnia przyjazne relacje z Kościołem, uważane w naszej polityce za sine qua non wyborczego sukcesu. I wreszcie dlatego, że gdyby  potraktować żądania feministek poważnie, to część panów musiałaby się posunąć i na szpaltach gazet, i w ławach poselskich. Kobiety wciąż są na pozycji petentek i wciąż słyszą: tak, równość płci jest ważna, ale po pierwsze są sprawy pilniejsze, a po drugie – społeczeństwo polskie jest zbyt konserwatywne, trzeba z tym poczekać. Opozycja parlamentarna, zamiast budować spójną przeciwwagę dla prawicowej wizji świata, próbuje siedzieć okrakiem na genderowej barykadzie, Kościołowi oferując świeczkę a ruchowi kobiecemu ogarek. Nawet po Czarnych Protestach i Strajkach Kobiet – masowych mobilizacjach bez precedensu w ciągu ostatniej dekady – kwestie równościowe wciąż z trudem przebijają się do głównego nurtu publicznej debaty. W swojej analize wskazujemy, że brak namysłu nad gender wśród polskich obrońców demokracji może stać się gwoździem do ich trumny. Najwyższy czas, by obóz progresywny zrozumiał, że gender nie jest dodatkiem ale rdzeniem konfliktu, i to zarówno w kulturowym jak i ekonomicznym jego wymiarze.

     

  • 339.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Graff, Agnieszka
    University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Gender as ‘Ebola from Brussels’: The Anti-colonial Frame and the Rise of Illiberal Populism2018In: Signs (Chicago, Ill.), ISSN 0097-9740, E-ISSN 1545-6943, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 797-821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the recent wave of grassroots mobilizations opposing gender equality, LGBT rights and sex education, which vilify the term gender in public debates and policy document. The anti-gender movement emerged simultaneously in various locations after 2010. We argue that it is not just another wave of anti-feminist backlash, or a new tactic of the Vatican in its ongoing efforts to undermine gender equality, but a new ideological and political configuration, which emerged in response to global economic crisis of 2008 and the ongoing crisis of liberal democracy. The backlash of the 80s and 90s combined neo-conservatism with market fundamentalism (which is to some extent still the case with neoconservative Christian fundamentalists in the US and elsewhere), while the new movement – though in many ways a continuation of earlier trends – tends to combine  gender conservatism with a critique of neoliberalism and globalization. Liberal elites are presented as “colonizers”; “genderism” is demonized as an ideology imposed by the world’s rich on the poor. Thanks to the anti-colonial frame, anti-genderism has remarkable ideological coherence and great mobilizing power: right-wing populists have captured the imagination and hearts of large portions of local populations more effectively than progressive movements have managed to do. The article examines the basic tenets of anti-genderism, shedding light on how this ideological construct contributes to the contemporary transnational resurgence of illiberal populism. We argue that today’s global right, while selectively borrowing from liberal-left and feminist discourses, is in fact constructing a new universalism, an illiberal one. While the examples discussed are mostly from Poland, the pattern is transnational, and our conclusions may have serious implications for feminist theory and activism.  

  • 340.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Graff, Agnieszka
    “Worse than communism and nazism put together”: War on Gender in Poland2017In: Anti-gender Campaigns in Europe: mobilizing against equality / [ed] Kuhar, R & D. Paternotte, London and New York: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2017, p. 175-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the mobilization against “gender” which has spread across Poland since 2012, pointing to both local specificities and links to the transnational context. As we will show in the present analysis, while Polish anti-genderism is part of a boarder transnational trend (a fact long invisible to most of Poland’s liberal defenders of gender), some aspects of this phenomenon are indeed locally embedded. The campaign has consisted of many initiatives undertaken by the Catholic Church and conservative groups to fight gender equality education and legislation, sexual and reproductive rights, as well as the very use of the term “gender” in policy documents and public discourse. Polish anti-gender campaigners claim that their aim is to protect the Polish family (especially children) against feminists and the “homosexual lobby”; to defend authentic Polish cultural values (which are equated with Catholic values) against the foreign influence of the corrupt West and liberal European Union. Targets include sexual education, ratification of the Istanbul Convention and gender equality policies more broadly.

    In our view, the current wave of anti-gender mobilization in Poland is not business as usual or another wave of conservative backlash, but a new ideological and political configuration, which successfully combines the local and the transnational, making possible a politically effective mass movement. We argue that the success of anti-gender mobilization can be explained by its leaders’ skillful references to ordinary people’s dignity and their identity as an oppressed majority. Anti-genderism consistently presents itself as an effort to defend authentic indigenous values against foreign forces and corrupt elites – a discourse which we interpret as a variant of right-wing appropriation of the anti-colonial frame. What may be construed as an Eastern European peculiarity is that in the region gender tends to be discredited as totalitarian ideology as exemplified by the following statement made in 2013 by Polish Bishop Tadeusz Pieronek: “Gender ideology is worse than communism and Nazism put together”. While the contested policies are coming from the West and are presented as Western impositions, genderism itself is seen as a vast project of social engineering rooted in Marxism and comparable to Stalinism. This tension or ambivalence persists in many of the documents and statements examined here: genderism is demonized as a cultural imposition a foreign body that is Western and Eastern at the same time.

  • 341.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Anti-genuskampanjer: Globalt hot mot vetenskap och demokrati2018In: Feministiskt perspektiv, ISSN 2002-1542, no 24 januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 342.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Hryciuk, Renata
    In the Name of the Family and Nation: Framing Fathers’ Activism in Poland2017In: Rebellious parents: parental movements in central-eastern Europe and Russia / [ed] Katalin Fábián and Elzbieta Korolczuk, Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2017, p. 113-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines fathers’ activism in contemporary Poland, focusing on the ways in which activists frame the problem, their claims and expected outcomes, and on the specificity of the fathers’ activism in a post-socialist context in comparison to other cultural and political environments. The authors apply analytical tools of social movement theory, specifically the notion of framing, which is defined as a process of interpretation and meaning production in a given political, cultural and social context. Three main frames that the Polish activists have employed are distinguished: 1) “misogynist” frame which highlights fathers’ rights as men rights, 2) “state violence” frame which focus on fathers rights as citizens, and 3) “equality” frame which stresses fathers’ engagement as part of a gender equality agenda. Each of these types of self-representation and arguments combines to a different degree transnational and local discourses on fathering, masculinity, and the family, which reflects the hybrid nature of contemporary discourses and ideals of fathering. The empirical illustration of the analysis is derived from a case-study of fathers' activism in Poland between 2012 and 2014.

  • 343.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hryciuk, Renata E.
    University of Warsaw.
    Poland2010In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood / [ed] Andrea O'Reilly, Sage Publications, 2010, p. vol. 3-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Invention of the Ideal Citizen: The Masculinist Security State and Educational Reform in Russia2019In: Borderlands in European Gender Studies: Beyond the East–West Frontier / [ed] Teresa Kulawik, Zhanna Kravchenko, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 211-229Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Kristiansen, H. W.
    et al.
    Oslo Church City Mission, Norway.
    Sandberg, Linn J.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies. Stockholm University.
    Older men's experiences of sexuality and their relevance for sexual rights2017In: Addressing the Sexual Rights of Older People: Theory, Policy and Practice / [ed] Catherine Barrett, Sharron Hinchliff, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2017, p. 42-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346. Kulawik, Teresa
    Arbeiterinnenschutz und soziale Staatsbürgerschaft in Schweden und Deutschland 1870 – 19121998In: Zeitschrift für Frauenforschung und Geschlechterstudien, ISSN 0946-5596, Vol. 16, no Sonderheft 1, p. 115-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Bodily Citizenship in the Age of Biosciences: a Historical and Comparative Perspective2014In: Nordiques, ISSN 1761-7677, no 28, p. 103-124Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Body Politics, Knowledge Cultures and Gender Regimes in Germany, Poland and Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bodily issues are, despite their central role for feminist politics and scholarship, strangely under-researched in a systematic way. We know fairly little about the relation between body politics and the formation of different national gender regimes. The paper seeks to unravel puzzling questions about the development of gender regimes in Germany, Poland and Sweden through the lens of body politics. Under special scrutiny are the different strategies of the women´s movements to politicize bodily issues. The perspective challenges linear notions of gender policy development. Contrary to what one might expect today, historically Germany has been a pioneer of reproductive rights and sexual reform. The demand to repeal the abortion paragraph from the penal code was raised as early as 1907. During the interwar period abortion law gave rise to mass mobilization and a fairly permissive legal regulation. Despite a rather restrictive abortion law in the 1970s German feminists mobilized on a mass scale against reproductive technologies. In Sweden they were barely politicized at all. This is in accordance with a historical pattern within which claims to an abortion on demand were not raised by women´s organizations before the 1970. In the debates of the 1930 the socalled social clause was rejected with the argument that it would imply an abdication from social reform. In Poland today debates about reproductive rights as well as IVF are highly polarized. Historically, Poland was in some respect more liberal than Sweden, it neither criminalized contraceptives nor homosexuality. The analytical framework applied in the study examines the three countries as spaces of articulation and institutional assemblies that embody certain “conditions of possibility” for thinking and acting. The framework of discursive institutionalism, outlined in earlier publications, is enhanced through including temporality.

  • 349.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Gender studies.
    Die Grenzen des Maternalismus: Der Kampf um eine Mutterschaftsversicherung in Schweden und Deutschland2000In: Feministische Studien, ISSN 0723-5186, no 1, p. 97-110Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Eugenics and the Making of Universal Citizenship in Sweden: The Social Democratic State Revisited2006In: “Silence,Suffering,& Survival”: November 1-5, 2006, The Empire Landmark Hotel, Vancouvery British Columbia / [ed] Wenda Bauchspies & Penn State, 2006, p. 128-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multifarious paths to modernity correspond with the various dramatizations of national narratives.  Sweden’s development has been composed as a linear success story. As the story goes: since the 1930s when the Social Democrats came into power, they had managed to lead the deprived smallish nation at the outskirts of Europe from the darkness of the poor house into the light of a prosperous welfare state combining a maximum of social security and equality with economic growth. In comparative perspective the Swedish welfare state was not only seen as outstanding in terms of class justice, but also in terms of gender equality.  Some scholars have there deemed it to be a “women-friendly welfare state”.[i] However, regardless of the importance of such narratives for the formation of national identity, success stories inevitably also produce distortions and omissions. The dark side of Sweden’s success story became most painfully apparent at the latest in autumn 1997. An article about forced sterilizations in the “peoples’ home” (folkhem), published in the country’s largest daily newspaper not only set off a heated national debate but it also caused an international sensation.[ii] Contrary to what the media suggested, knowledge of these practices was not a “recent” discovery.[iii] The new and challenging aspect, however, was that publicist Maciej Zaremba no longer attributed the sterilization policy to the zeitgeist or deemed it as a regrettable—although in the greater narrative as a negligible—episode but rather as an integral part of Sweden’s social democratic reform project. Through addressing the dark side of] the Swedish welfare state he broke a taboo that formed the quintessential core of Swedish identity. International reactions added insult to injury by comparing these sterilizations to practices of Nazi Germany.[iv]

    The abundance of international attention, among other things, incited the Swedish government to install a commission to investigate the policies during that time and to draft a bill that would afford compensation to victims of forced sterilization. Compared to how victims of sterilization in other countries, particularly in Germany, [v] were dealt with, the Swedish investigative commission and compensation act were exemplary. Yet, for Swedish historians and social scientists it was no easy task to deal with these dark sides of modernity and statehood. A sense of loyalty toward the social democracy and the Swedish model has caused many scholars to oscillate—as some have self-critically admitted—between engaging in scholarship and ideology production.[vi] This might explain why outstanding feminist scholars such as Yvonne Hirdman, which has been a pioneer of a more critical stand on Swedes social and gender policies, has joined the chorus of the welfare state defenders in that debate. [vii]  The fact that Swedish politics have been highly successful in so many ways makes theories, which categorically establish the ambivalences of modernity and the welfare state, not exactly a Swedish specialty.

    The same could be said about international comparative research that presents the development of the welfare state as a continuous extension of social rights. The establishment of a social democratic regime with universal benefits based on citizenship is often regarded the ultima ratio of this development.  This is not so surprising, as the power resources approach promoted by Scandinavian social scientists Walter Korpi and Gösta Esping-Andersen decisively contributed to establishing the Nordic state’s model status. Viewing Sweden in terms of a success story is not necessarily problematic because of what it says, but because of what it leaves out.  None of the common national or comparative interpretations can account for how the Swedish social democratic model’s supposedly inclusive welfare state and its universalistic programs could have been compatible with measures that classified people as “inferior” and propagated selection and institutionalization of their own people as well as sterilization as solutions to social problems.

    This essay is committed to resolving this puzzle. It focuses on what, today, is subsumed under “family policies” and contains an analysis of the emergence of social benefits in the 1930s, which were geared toward subsidizing and encouraging child rearing, and were thus a forerunner of the universal child allowances introduced in Sweden in 1948. This case study will reveal that measures primarily aimed to meet the needs of women (as mothers)—and were therefore largely considered part of the “women-friendly” concept of social citizenship in Sweden— were actually characterized by an amalgamation of pro-natalism and anti-natalism. In effect, amalgamation meant that those classified as “inferior” or “unwanted” were barred from social benefits.

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