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  • 301.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Reforming Family Policy in the Baltic States: The Views of the Elites2006In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Social Policy in Transition: The Case of Lithuania2003In: Contemporary change in Lithuania / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 19-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Emergence of the Post-Socialist Welfare State: the Case of the Baltic States : Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation takes a step towards providing a better understanding of post-socialist welfare state development from a theoretical as well as an empirical perspective. The overall analytical goal of this thesis has been to critically assess the development of social policies in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania using them as illustrative examples of post-socialist welfare state development in the light of the theories, approaches and typologies that have been developed to study affluent capitalist democracies. The four studies included in this dissertation aspire to a common aim in a number of specific ways.

    The first study tries to place the ideal-typical welfare state models of the Baltic States within the well-known welfare state typologies. At the same time, it provides a rich overview of the main social security institutions in the three countries by comparing them with each other and with the previous structures of the Soviet period. It examines the social insurance institutions of the Baltic States (old-age pensions, unemployment insurance, short-term benefits, sickness, maternity and parental insurance and family benefits) with respect to conditions of eligibility, replacement rates, financing and contributions. The findings of this study indicate that the Latvian social security system can generally be labelled as a mix of the basic security and corporatist models. The Estonian social security system can generally also be characterised as a mix of the basic security and corporatist models, even if there are some weak elements of the targeted model in it. It appears that the institutional changes developing in the social security system of Lithuania have led to a combination of the basic security and targeted models of the welfare state. Nevertheless, as the example of the three Baltic States shows, there is diversity in how these countries solve problems within the field of social policy. In studying the social security schemes in detail, some common features were found that could be attributed to all three countries. Therefore, the critical analysis of the main social security institutions of the Baltic States in this study gave strong supporting evidence in favour of identifying the post-socialist regime type that is already gaining acceptance within comparative welfare state research.

    Study Two compares the system of social maintenance and insurance in the Soviet Union, which was in force in the three Baltic countries before their independence, with the currently existing social security systems. The aim of the essay is to highlight the forces that have influenced the transformation of the social policy from its former highly universal, albeit authoritarian, form, to the less universal, social insurance-based systems of present-day Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This study demonstrates that the welfare–economy nexus is not the only important factor in the development of social programs. The results of this analysis revealed that people's attitudes towards distributive justice and the developmental level of civil society also play an important part in shaping social policies. The shift to individualism in people’s mentality and the decline of the labour movement, or, to be more precise, the decline in trade union membership and influence, does nothing to promote the development of social rights in the Baltic countries and hinders the expansion of social policies. The legacy of the past has been another important factor in shaping social programs. It can be concluded that social policy should be studied as if embedded not only in the welfare-economy nexus, but also in the societal, historical and cultural nexus of a given society.

    Study Three discusses the views of the state elites on family policy within a wider theoretical setting covering family policy and social policy in a broader sense and attempts to expand this analytical framework to include other post-socialist countries. The aim of this essay is to explore the various views of the state elites in the Baltics concerning family policy and, in particular, family benefits as one of the possible explanations for the observed policy differences. The qualitative analyses indicate that the Baltic States differ significantly with regard to the motives behind their family policies. Lithuanian decision-makers seek to reduce poverty among families with children and enhance the parents’ responsibility for bringing up their children. Latvian policy-makers act so as to increase the birth rate and create equal opportunities for children from all families. Estonian policy-makers seek to create equal opportunities for all children and the desire to enhance gender equality is more visible in the case of Estonia in comparison with the other two countries. It is strongly arguable that there is a link between the underlying motives and the kinds of family benefits in a given country. This study, thus, indicates how intimately the attitudes of the state bureaucrats, policy-makers, political elite and researchers shape social policy. It confirms that family policy is a product of the prevailing ideology within a country, while the potential influence of globalisation and Europeanisation is detectable too.

    The final essay takes into account the opinions of welfare users and examines the performances of the institutionalised family benefits by relying on the recipients’ opinions regarding these benefits. The opinions of the populations as a whole regarding government efforts to help families are compared with those of the welfare users. Various family benefits are evaluated according to the recipients' satisfaction with those benefits as well as the contemporaneous levels of subjective satisfaction with the welfare programs related to the absolute level of expenditure on each program. The findings of this paper indicate that, in Latvia, people experience a lower level of success regarding state-run family insurance institutions, as compared to those in Lithuania and Estonia. This is deemed to be because the cash benefits for families and children in Latvia are, on average, seen as marginally influencing the overall financial situation of the families concerned. In Lithuania and Estonia, the overwhelming majority think that the family benefit systems improve the financial situation of families. It appears that recipients evaluated universal family benefits as less positive than targeted benefits. Some universal benefits negatively influenced the level of general satisfaction with the family benefits system provided in the countries being researched. This study puts forward a discussion about whether universalism is always more legitimate than targeting. In transitional economies, in which resources are highly constrained, some forms of universal benefits could turn out to be very expensive in relative terms, without being seen as useful or legitimate forms of help to families.

    In sum, by closely examining the different aspects of social policy, this dissertation goes beyond the over-generalisation of Eastern European welfare state development and, instead, takes a more detailed look at what is really going on in these countries through the examples of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. In addition, another important contribution made by this study is that it revives ‘western’ theoretical knowledge through ‘eastern’ empirical evidence and provides the opportunity to expand the theoretical framework for post-socialist societies.

  • 304.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Estonian model of the welfare state: tradition and changes2009In: Diversity and commonality in European social policies: the forging of a european social model / [ed] Stanisława Galinowsk, Peter Hengstenberg, Maciej Żukowski, Warszawa: Scholar , 2009, p. 110-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Formation of Social Insurance Institutions of the Baltic States in the Post-Socialist Era2006In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 259-270Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 306.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Welfare System of Lithuania2009In: The handbook of European welfare systems / [ed] Klaus Schubert, Simon Hegelich, Ursula Bazant, London: Routledge , 2009, p. 294-310Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Institute for Social Research, Lithuania.
    Transformation of welfare systems in the Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithunia2009In: Post-communist welfare pathways: theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Alfio Cerami, Pieter Vanhuysse, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, p. 96-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Welfare reforms and socio-economic trends in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe2011In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 211-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reviews recent socio-economic changes in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe and the earlier and latest debates on the emergence of the post-communist welfare state regime. It asks two questions: are the new EU member states more similar to each other in their social problems encountered than to the rest of the EU world? Do they exhibit enough common socio-economic and institutional features to group them into the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime that deviates from any well-known welfare state typology? The findings of this paper indicate that despite some slight variation within, the new EU countries exhibit lower indicators compared to the EU-15 as it comes to the minimum wage and social protection expenditure. The degree of material deprivation and the shadow economy is on average also higher if compared to the EU-15 or the EU-27. However, then it comes to at-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers or Gini index, some Eastern European outliers especially the Check Republic, but also Slovenia, Slovakia and Hungary perform the same or even better than the old capitalist democracies. Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, however, show many similarities in their social indicators and performances and this group of countries never perform better than the EU-15 or the EU-27 averages. Nevertheless, the literature reviews on welfare state development in the CEE region reveal a number of important institutional features in support of identifying the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime. Most resilient of it are: an insurance-based programs that played a major part in the social protection system; high take-up of social security; relatively low social security benefits; increasing signs of liberalization of social policy; and the experience of the Soviet/Communist type of welfare state, which implies still deeply embedded signs of solidarity and universalism.

  • 309.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Fröhlich, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. National Research University, Moscow, Russia.
    Struggle over public space: grassroots movements in Moscow and Vilnius2015In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 35, no 7-8, p. 565-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore urban mobilisation patterns in two post-Soviet cities: Vilnius and Moscow. Both cities were subject to similar housing and urban policy during Soviet times, and they have implemented urban development using neoliberal market principles, provoking grassroots opposition from citizens to privatisation and marketisation of their housing environment and local public space. However, the differing conditions of democratic Lithuanian and authoritarian Russian public governance offer different opportunities and set different constraints for neighbourhood mobilisation. The purpose is to contrast local community mobilisations under the two regimes and highlight the differences between and similarities in the activists' repertoires of actions in two distinct political and economic urban settings. Design/methodology/approach - The paper employs qualitative methodology using data from semi-structured interviews conducted with community activists and state officials, presented using a comparative case study design. Findings - Although, citizens' mobilisations in the two cities are reactions to the neoliberalisation of housing and local public space, they take different forms. In Vilnius they are institutionalised and receive formal support from national and local authorities. Moreover, support from the EU encourages organisational development and provides material and cognitive resources for grassroots urban mobilisations. In contrast, residents' mobilisations in Moscow are informal and face fierce opposition from local authorities. However, even in an authoritarian setting, grassroots mobilisations evolve using creative strategies to circumvent institutional constraints. Originality/value - Little attention has been paid to grassroots urban mobilisations in post-Soviet cities. There is also a lack of comparative attempts to show variation in post-Soviet urban activism related to housing and local public space.

  • 310.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania / Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Europeanisation and Urban Movements: Political Opportunities of Community Organizations in Lithuania2015In: Urban Grassroots Movements in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Kerstin Jacobsson, Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, p. 247-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 311.
    Aiello, Filip
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Haegeland, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hushållens krediter: En tidsserieanalys av svenska hushålls skuldsättning mellan 1980 och 2012, utifrån Minskys hypotes om finansiell instabilitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The debt level of Swedish households has increased noticeably since the 1980’s and is today at a record high level. This has given rise to questions regarding the sustainability of the debt level, its macroeconomic implications and driving factors. Previous studies on the subject show deficiencies in the standard theory for analyzing household debt, the life-cycle hypothesis, due to lack of consideration in the theory of credit restrictions and humans’ inability to act completely rationally. An alternative framework for analysis received renewed attention in connection with the financial crisis in the U.S. in 2008 – Hyman Minsky’s financial instability hypothesis – incorporating speculation in credit and asset markets as explanations for indebtness. This thesis investigates whether Minky’s hypothesis can be applied on Swedish households and explain the change in debt levels since the 1980’s, through a linear regression model, using aggregate data for the period 1980 to 2012.

    The results of the thesis indicate that the increased debt level to a large extent can be explained by Minsky’s hypothesis, where a de-regulated credit market and falling interest rates seem to have caused increased speculation in real assets, increased risk-taking by both debtors and creditors and thus an increased level of household debt.

  • 312.
    Aitola, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Jönsson, Lennart
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    En empirisk studie om tillväxt och arbetslöshet i svenska län2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har för avsikt att undersöka det negativa sambandet mellan arbetslöshet och tillväxt i svenska län. Sambandet vi använder oss av är den inom nationalekonomin välkända Okun’s lag. Denna lag kommer vi att applicera på Sveriges 21 län mellan åren 1986 till 2003. Vi förväntar oss att sambandet kommer att variera mellan länen. Vi har även tagit med tidigare regional forskning från USA där man har estimerat Okun’s lag för 26 delstater. Uppsatsen tar även upp troliga faktorer som inverkar på sambandet, detta är gjort för att läsaren skall kunna bilda sig en uppfattning om de bakomliggande orsakerna till variationen i sambandets styrka mellan de svenska länen.

  • 313.
    Ajamlou, Pauline
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cederfelt, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Är vi alla beroende av svart guld?: En eventstudie av reaktionen på företags avkastning vid signifikanta oljeprisförändringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur utvalda bolags aktieavkastning inom branscherna flyg, fordon samt olja reagerar vid signifikanta oljeprisförändringar.

    Teoretiskt perspektiv: Den teoretiska referensramen utgörs av den effektiva marknadshypotesen samt Behavioural Finance med undergrenarna prospect theory, herd behaviour och overconfidence.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån ett deduktivt inslag med en kvantitativ studie. Undersökningen utgörs av sex eventstudier som datainsamlingsmetod samt en intervju som applikation på det kvantitativa resultatet. Urvalskriterium består av tio bolag inom respektive bransch med en rangordning utefter högst omsättning samt företag med en koppling till svenskt näringsliv med högst omsättning.

    Empiri: Empirin presenteras utifrån diagram och tabeller över de utförda eventstudierna. Diagrammen syftar till att redovisa den avvikande avkastningen för respektive bolag. Tabellerna ger en redogörelse över eventuellt samband mellan respektive bransch och oljeprisförändringarna.

    Slutsats: Flygbolagen uppvisade samband med oljepriset vid fyra utav sex eventen. Fordonsbranschen uppvisade samband vid ett av de sex eventen och oljebranschen vid två utav de studerade eventen. Reaktionen på aktieavkastningen för bolagen med en koppling till svenskt näringsliv var i linje med de övriga internationella bolagen i branschen. Undantag visades för oljebranschen. Resultatet är en indikation på att andra variabler påverkade aktieavkastningen och detta skapar svårigheter för aktieinnehavare att förespå framtida avkastning.

  • 314.
    Ajger, Victor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    "Vem är jag? Vad gör jag här?”: En vetenskaplig essä om sökandet efter min yrkesroll i ett främmande fält2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en vetenskaplig essä där jag undersöker och reflekterar kring frågor som har med samverkan och yrkesroll för fritidspedagogen. Hur ser arbetet ut för fritidspedagogen i skolan? Jag har använt mig av Pierre Bourdieus begrepp kapital, fält och habitus för att problematisera och reflektera kring fritidspedagogens yrkesroll i skolans värld. Är det en risk att fritidspedagogen blir en slags assistent i klassrummet och att de fritidspedagogiska idéerna försvinner? Eller kan det vara positivt att vi som fritidspedagoger kommer in i klassrummet med vår speciella kompetens? Jag tar upp vikten av att fritidspedagogen får sin legitimitet i skolans fält. Det diskuteras även om vilka det är som egentligen tjänar på samverkan mellan skolan och fritidshemmet. Det finns fritidspedagogiska arbetssätt som kan användas inom skolans fält som ett komplement till skolan. Jag funderar och problematiserar krig samverkan med lärare och tar även upp vikten av ett interkulturellt arbetssätt mellan lärare och fritidspedagoger.

  • 315.
    Akalin, Sevgi
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Alic, Meliha
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kapitaltäckningsgraden i skuggan av kreditförluster och den pågående finansiella krisen: En studie av svenska banker2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 316.
    Akan, Adem
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Language and Power - How Power Influences Language: A conversation analysis on the TV – show "Breaking Bad"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Power displays itself through talk-in-interaction in social situations; it can also present itself through appearances. Appearance is a personal feature that is immediately obvious and available to others to see. A person’s appearance makes a strong statement about ones values, attitude, abilities etc. People display power through different modalities of talk-in-interactions. This study investigates the linguistic tools that people with power tend to use and how a normal everyday person can change their social status by changing and giving out different linguistic signals. Tracing the patterns of what the verbal cues of power is and describes how an everyday character mastered the relationship between language and power.

  • 317.
    Akan, Davud
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tamimi, Mahsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Finansiell riskbenägenhet: En studie om skillnader i riskbenägenhet mellan män och kvinnor i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Financial investments entail a certain risk which individuals can base their decision upon. Participation in the financial market varies amongst individuals. It is documented in statistical surveys in Sweden that men tend to have larger holdings of financial assets, more specifically shares, than women, which has created the question of what this might be due to. Through time, men and women have not always had the same conditions, and much has been justified with biology as a reason for it. The previous international research on risk propensity amongst the different genders have mainly based their questions on the biological factor and investigates how that factor plays a roll regarding risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in Sweden between men and women regarding financial risk propensity and to further investigate the impact of gender, financial knowledge, income, self-esteem and age on risk. With a quantitative approach, this has been investigated among 698 respondents. The data collected has been processed using statistical tests in the form of a chi-two square test to find possible relationships between the variables. The most prominent of the results is that the financial and self-esteem variables mitigates the effect on gender when it comes to risk propensity regarding financial decisions. The other variables showed an impact on risk propensity where men and women had different opinions about the role of the variable.

  • 318.
    Akan, Yasemin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Jag har kompetensen!: Hur ett antal klasslärare resonerar kring och upplever sitt arbete med elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter/dyslexi i undervisningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to examine how a number of class teachers reason about and find their work while teaching students who have reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia. The empirical study was intended to answer the question based on three questions.

    The work is based on a qualitative method as empirical material gathered in semi-structured interviews. Six classroom teachers, one male and five female teachers were interviewed. The interviewees were from six different schools in Stockholm Municipality and were between 27-61 years old.

    Most of the classroom teachers feel that there are approximately 4-5 students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia in each class. Half of the teachers feel that students with dyslexia may be different as they are quiet, unsecure and shy. While the other half experience these students as ordinary children. All those involved are of the opinion that they work, including in the classrooms by adjusting the lessons to each student's needs. Half of the classroom teachers perceive special pedagogy teachers well, while the other half experience it as problematic. Classroom teachers also think that they have the skills needed to respond to students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia and think that training courses are important to keep the knowledge alive. Several of the teachers emphasize that students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia get the help necessary while the other half think it can be better. The classroom teachers stress that in teaching, they use different methods which they cannot name.

  • 319. Akaoma, Helena
    et al.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Ethnology.
    Inför pensioneringen: en intervjustudie med immigranter : underlagsrapport för beredningen SENIOR 20052002In: Att åldras: bilagedel A till SOU 2002:29, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2002, p. -53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Akaoui, Nancy
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Strandberg, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Varför är det viktigt att ta hänsyn till landsrisker på aktiemarknaden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's globalized society, it is easy to invest in different markets. That involves both risks and opportunities for the investor. This means that the capital may either be a profitable investment or not. Should one take into account country risks in the stock market to assess the profitability of the investment?

    The purpose of this study is to determine what importance the country risk has to the return in the stock market at both developed and emerging countries. But also to investigate whether there is any correlation between income and the money market rate and corruption.

    The results of this study show that it is important to take into account country risks in the stock market. Higher risk generates higher returns in the stock market and vice versa. This can be applied to both developed and emerging countries. The unexpected outcome of this study is that developed countries have a higher risk than the emerging countries and therefore a higher return in the stock market. The financial factor – money market rate – is of minor importance for the return. Meanwhile, the political factor – corruption – is a significant risk to consider when investing in foreign countries.

  • 321.
    Akar, Figen
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Arbetssättets betydelse/påverkan i matematikundervisningen: En kvalitativ studie av etniskt svenska respektive etniskt utländska elevers resultat/förståelse i förhållande till matematikundervisningen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis which is about working with mathematics teaching has no effect/impact on performance and understanding of pupils. The study is intended to gain insight on working in mathematics education which has an impact on performance and understanding of students who are ethnically Swedish and foreign ethnic. In order to compare the ethnic Swedish and foreign students of ethnic understanding, I judged from their performance on the tests taken in year three. The qualitative approach permeated the work, both interviews and observations which were included in the survey. The qualitative study was chosen to get an understanding of how mathematics teaching is conducted in two different areas. The results of the investigation show that working in mathematics education is relevant to performance and understanding of students who are ethnically Swedish and foreign ethnic. In addition, it led to ethnically Swedish students having higher results than students who are ethnically non-resident in the comparison schools.

  • 322.
    Akay, Daniella
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Miko, Ilona
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Valet mellan K2 och K3: En studie om mindre onoterade aktiebolags val av regelverk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: BFN started a project in 2004 in order to simplify for companies in Sweden. The project is called K-project. In the year of 2014 smaller unlisted limited companies was forced to choose between K2 and K3.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine whether differences in the amortization and development costs between K2 and K3 has been crucial for the choice of regulation. The aim is also to examine who has had the biggest influence in the choice and if any problems has occurred in the implementation of the selected regulatory framework.

    Conclusions: Differences in methods of depreciation and development costs has been conclusive in the choice between K2 and K3. Real estate companies wanted to avoid applying the component method and development intensive companies wanted to avoid the expensing model. The ability to be financed and continue to grow in K3 has also affected the choice of regulatory framework. Mainly auditors but also accountants has had the biggest influence in the choice of regulation, but in some cases the board has had the biggest impact. The problems that has occurred has been a consequence of the shortage in the frameworks, which is the possibility in K2 and the simplicity in K3.

  • 323.
    Akbari, Maryam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The auditory world of school: Young Afghan newcomers in Sweden and their use of online music in a public context2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the use of online music as a resource among young Afghan newcomers in Swedish schools in relation to social interaction and sense of belonging. The methodology consists of qualitative interviews, conducting semi- structured interviews with 16 pupils and 4 teachers in different primary and high schools based in Stockholm.  A theoretical frame is developed that highlights music as a resource for ‘the transformation of the experience of place’, creating a ‘sense of belonging’, shaping ‘social ordering’, and how all this can be related to the distinction between ‘private and collective’.

    The main results demonstrate that newcomers use music to create a friendly environment in Sweden and through listening to home country music feel secure and at home. Music is used as a tool to enhance pupils’ concentration and to decrease their pressure and stress of studying in Swedish education system. The results also indicate that music is an effective communication tool between teachers and pupils, and further, that the teachers utilize music widely in their teaching to improve pupils’ attention and concentration. Although the teachers usually control the usage of music in the class, there are circumstances when the teachers change their decision regarding pupils’ music listening or ignore pupils’ disobedience in the class.

  • 324.
    Akbasogullari, Duygu
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kaya, Gonca
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Smältdegel IKEA: En jämförelse mellan IKEA: s organisationskultur i Ümraniye och Örebro2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to illuminate in what aspects IKEA’s organizational culture in Ümraniye in Turkey differs alternatively resembles with IKEA’s organizational culture in Örebro in Sweden. The aim with organizational culture is to analyze the relationships between the leaders and co-workers and the relationships between the co-workers.

    The study is based on a combination of interviews and questionnaires. We have interviewed people in leading positions and made surveys among IKEA co-workers in two different stores located in two different countries. This combination of the methods gave us a better understanding for how the organizational culture is experienced from two different perspectives. Our aim was to examine the differences and likenesses between IKEA’s organizational culture in Ümraniye and in Örebro, to find out how the relationships between the leaders and the co-workers are and the relationships between the co-workers during work time, and also to find out if IKEA has succeeded in implementing its’ organizational culture in the IKEA store in Ümraniye.

    We have come to a conclusion that there are no considerable differences between the organizational culture in IKEA in Ümraniye and Örebro. This shows that IKEA has a strong organizational culture that eliminates the national Turkish culture in many aspects. The relationships between the leaders and co-workers and relationships between the co-workers are strong.

  • 325.
    Akboga, Dilan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förstår vi varandra?: En studie om hur fyra lärare i grundskolans mellanår beskriver och arbetar i läsförståelse med lässvaga elever2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how four different Swedish teachers in elementary school are teaching pupils reading comprehension to develop the low-performing pupils. To investigate and find out this I intend to try to answer the following questions:

    • What strategies / methods / support structures do the teachers consider to help the lowperforming pupils understand the content of texts?
    • How does the teacher reflect on the support the pupils receive?
    • What types of questions do the teachers use in the text talks to support the pupils in developing their reading skills?

    The research questions are answered by qualitative methods in forms of interviews and observations. The theoretical point of view of the study is Lev Vygotsky's socio-cultural perspective, where Vygotsky describes how children develop when interacting with other people. Because teachers are the ones helping pupils develop, I will investigate how the interviewed teachers are working with those pupils and whether they believe this theory helps and guides the low-performing pupils forward in the learning process.

    The results of the study show that all the interviewed teachers agree on that pupils develop their reading skills when interacting with more competent classmates because it increases their ability to absorb information.

  • 326.
    Akboga, Dilan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hanna, Maryam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Flicka, pojke och transpersoner: En textanalys av tre läseböcker ur ett genusperspektiv för grundskolans mellanår2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Primary school in Sweden has an important task to counteract traditional gender patterns and promote equality. The purpose of this study is to investigate how three fiction books portray girls and women as well as boys and men. The three chosen books are Rodrick regerar Dagbok för alla mina fans (2009), Glasbarnen (2012) and Det är jag som är Mickan (2015). This thesis will review whether the books were compatible with the national curriculum for Swedish school for the grade 1-9. To support our investigation, we have used Hirdman’s gender theory as a framework. Hirdman’s gender theory concerns the intersection of the gender and the hierarchy where the male is displayed as the norm. The study was executed with a qualitative text analysis. The results show that only two of the three chosen books correspond to the current curriculum requirements of counteracting traditional gender patterns. The third book promotes rather than counteracts traditional gender patterns as it still assigns more traditional characteristics and actions to boys, men, girls and women depending on gender. These results are evidence of and suggest that it is important to review the material we use for educational purposes because there are books that describe boys and girls in an unfair behavior, therefore this requires discussing the norms that is conveyed in the students’ fiction books.

  • 327.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Att övervinna det mänskliga: En läsning av återkomsttanken i Nietzsches Så talade Zarathustra i ljuset av Heideggers kritik2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to discuss the meaning of the human and its possible overcoming in Friedrich Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same, with Martin Heidegger’s readings of Nietzsche as point of departure.

    According to Heidegger, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same represents the end of occidental metaphysical thinking. The thought concludes a thinking of being as the presence of beings, where the original question of being was never developed out of its own ground.

    But at the heart of this interpretation, often considered “violent”, lies the question of whether man is able to think being out of his finitude. This is the question I will unfold, through a reading of Nietzsche’s thought of the eternal recurrence of the same, as it is presented in his Thus spoke Zarathustra, as an attempt to think beings in their being beyond a “humanization” of them, expressed in transcendental aims, purposes and categories. This attempt, I argue, is essentially bound up with a comportment toward the human self as the finite and the corporal. In this sense the human being in its finitude and corporeality is thefocus and the basis for the search for “the overman”.

    But this focus on man, as he who can overcome himself, is at the same time a focus that canbe said to lead man away from himself, in not asking the deeper question about what it means to be this human being.

    I will furthermore consider the tragic as the theme where this question of the overcoming of the human comes to the fore; the dionysic-tragic reveals both a view of man as the being that is mastered by the abyss that underlies this world, and therefore mastered by his finitude - and as the being who can master this same abyss, in thinking it as one with the human self.

    The purpose is not to take a position for or against Heidegger’s reading, but to develop a discussion between Heidegger and Nietzsche about the human self as always being both the closed and the open, and about the ways in which human thinking can approach this.

     

     

  • 328.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Hegel och Guds död2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I will discuss Hegel’s words on the death of God as they are stated in his Phenomenology of Spirit and Faith and Knowledge. I will present a reading of what I consider to be the two different usages of these words, and relate their meanings to each other. Focus lies on what Hegel refers to as the “unhappy consciousness” and its experience of a disenchantment of the world, and on Christianity as the answer to this position. The discussion will be grounded on Hegel’s dialectical understanding of the concept of God. The divine and the human nature, must, according to him, be grasped as one and the same. The abstraction of the Christian deity must die, so that the notion of the unity of God and man, that actually constitutes the heart of Christianity, may be revealed beyond its spatial and temporal representations. I conclude that this for Hegel is the only way of escaping the situation of the unhappy consciousness. 

  • 329.
    Akdogan, Emilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Åslev, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Det är kränkande men jag behöver göra det": En kvalitativ studie om personals syn på missbrukares integritet och autonomi vid LVM2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine in which way personnel who work with LVM approach their client’s integrity, autonomy and their participation in decision making. We used a semistructured interview when we interviewed three social workers, one placement secretary and four care personnel who work at institutions for LVM. In the theoretical approach of this study we used the total institutions and the user influence by clients. The study has shown that personnel’s considerations to their client’s integrity, autonomy and participation in decisions are a convoluted problem. Care personnel who work at institutions are the unit that has the best opportunities to consider their client’s desires.  The placement secretary has a certain possibility to consider their clients desires when determining their placement. The unit of personnel that has a significant limitation when it comes to their client’s integrity and autonomy are social workers. Since LVM is a law of constraint it’s causing an insult to the client by losing their autonomy. In this regard it is impossible to consider clients integrity.

  • 330.
    Akhavian, Arash
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Habtigeorgis, Meron
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Påverkan på aktiekursen vid nyemissions meddelande inom hälsovårdsföretag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Akhmedov, Samir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Orbring, Gustav
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Medierna och Syrien: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av tre globala mediers rapportering av Syrienkonflikten.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I september 2015 anslöt sig Ryssland som en militär part till kriget i Syrien genom att börja bomba oppositionella styrkor. I samband med detta hamnade Ryssland och USA ännu en gång på motsatta sidor av en militär konflikt, Ryssland stödjer den syriska regimen, samtidigt som USA tillsammans med flera andra länder, däribland Qatar, stödjer oppositionen.

    Vi har valt att avgränsa oss till fem specifika händelser under den pågående Syrienkonflikten och tre mediers rapportering av dessa. Medierna som kommer att undersökas är USA- baserade CNN, Ryssland-baserade RT (f.d. Russia Today) och Qatar-baserade Al-Jazeera. Att undersöka dessa tre konkurrenter är intressant då dessa är bland de största medierna i världen och når därmed miljontals människor med sin information. Dessutom står länderna där medierna är baserade i på olika sidor av den väpnade konflikten. Syftet är att undersöka om rapporteringen har varit allsidig eller tendentiös. Dessutom ska uppsatsen undersöka om rapporteringen är opartisk eller propagandistisk. Artiklarna analyseras med hjälp av en av oss konstruerad undersökningsmodell, som tar avstamp i Lundgren, Ney & Thuréns massmedieretoriska analysmodell, och som kompletterats med kritiska frågor hämtade från Hermans och Chomskys teorier om kritik av internationell krigsrapportering samt kriterier hämtade från den svenske statsvetaren Jörgen Westerståhls forskning om objektivitet och opartiskhet i medierapporteringen.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att RTs och CNNs rapportering till stor del var tendentiös, och innehöll det som Herman & Chomsky kallar för propaganda på nästan alla punkter, samtidigt som de uppfyllde väldigt få av Westerståhls punkter för opartiskhet. Vanligast var att båda medierna hade en stor obalans i användningen av vilken part som får komma till tals. Den tendentiösa rapporteringen kan förklaras genom bristen på förstahandskällor, en stor mängd tendentiösa källor - men även hur CNN och RT finansieras. CNNs kommersiella syften, samt det faktum att RT finansieras av den ryska staten, kan vara faktorer som påverkar rapporteringen. Men Al-Jazeeras rapportering såg dock annorlunda ut. I undersökningen hittades inte en enda artikel där någon propagandapunkt uppnåddes, samtidigt som punkterna för opartisk rapportering till största del uppfylldes. Dessutom visades en helt annan allsidighet i rapporteringen från kanalen.

  • 332.
    Akkawi, Jamil
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Islam i religionsboken: Framställningen av islam och muslimer i två religionsböcker för gymnasiet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this research was to examine description of Islam in two different schoolbooks about religion. The rapport starts with an introduction of the subject and discusses the background of the topic. After the presentation, aims, and the questions I present my methods and material used in this research. Following the method and material is earlier research where I mention some of the previous rapports and results of researchers within the discourse. The theory used to investigate the text is postcolonial and the orientalism theory presented by Edward Said.

    The intention of the research was to answer if the books representation contributed to an oriental description of Islam and Muslims and to see how the text and pictures where used and structured. Similar researches have been presented earlier but this rapport handles a completely new book and a reedited book. The first book is written by Lars-Göran Alm and is called “Religionskunskap A” this book has been published before and is commonly used in schools all around Sweden. The other book is written by Olov Jansson and Linda Karlsson and is called “Religionskunskap A, en mosaik” and had its first release in 2009. The result shows that the book written by Alm represents a more oriental description and the text structure leaves the reader sometimes confused and wanting more. Alm chooses to bring up subjects like Islamism and circumcision of girls but both books mentioned a willingness of Shia Muslims to commit suicidal bombings. Alm left out more spiritual aspects like religious holidays and Sufism. The other book written by Jansson and Karlsson had some tendencies to an oriental description of Islam but not in the same extent as Alm. Jansson and Karlsson also gave a clearer representation of a Swedish context, which made the religion more present and not as distant as Alm. Both books used pictures to complement the text and in most cases in Alms book the pictures were images of places and persons in other continents and countries then Europe and Sweden.

  • 333.
    Akkurt, Nancy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Förväntningsgap ur kreditgivarens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem discussion: In recent years, the auditing profession has attracted attention due to a number of scandals. A misunderstanding that stakeholders have in common is that they believe that a clean audit report is a guarantee of a company's survival. The stakeholders argue that the pure audit report must ensure that the company's accounts are correctly executed and do not contain material errors. Earlier research shows that creditors have too high expectations of the auditor's obligations and responsibilities in relation to the auditor's duties according to laws and standards. The high expectations can give rise to serious consequences on the financial market if it wants to be bad, which in turn can contribute to the confidence in the auditing profession deteriorating.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine whether creditors have higher expectations on the requirements that the auditors must meet and whether the audit report is still a topical document as a basis for today's credit decision.

    Methodology: This study is based on existing literature and partly through both quantitative and qualitative methods in the form of interviews and questionnaires. The survey aims to investigate whether there is an expectation gap. In the interviews with creditors, it is examined whether the audit report has a significant role in lending.

    Theoretical perspectives:The theoretical frame of reference consists of relevant laws and standards in the audit area. It also consists of literature regarding the expectation gap and the audit report's significance as well as the credit granting process.

    Empirical foundation: The empirical study consists of a questionnaire survey that was answered by various creditors from the four major banks in Sweden regarding the auditor's role and audit. The empire also consists of interviews with creditors regarding the significance of the audit report inlending process.

    Analysis and Conclusions: Based on the data obtained in this study, the analysis leads to the following conclusions: there is an expectation gap between creditors and auditors regarding the extent of the auditor ́s work and responsibilities. Furthermore, the study also shows that an audit report does have a significant role, but at the same time it has an ambiguous role in credit decisionmaking.

  • 334.
    Ako, Nadidam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Föräldraengagemang, finns det olika sätt?: En studie om en grupp mödrars förhållningssätt till föräldraengagemang2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to illustrate and analyze the approach and parental involvement of a group of mothers in their children's schooling. Also their reflections on parental involvement will be highlighted and what the parents experience as obstacles in their involvement.

    Method: I conducted six semi structured interviews for my research. I chose to interview six mothers who have a child in the sixth grade. I chose specifically the sixth grade because the mothers will have had quite a few contacts with the school at this point. I also chose not to reveal their ethnicity because they cannot represent a whole ethnic group anyway.

    Result: The result of my interviews show that the parents have different approaches when it comes to parental involvement. The approaches are different between the mothers but one thing they have in common is that they care about their children. 

    Conclusion: One of the conclusions of this study is that the parents who do not participate in meetings and activities at school, are either because of language barrier or lack of information concerning what the school expects of them. Furthermore the study shows that their lack of participation in school activities does not mean that they are not involved as parents. Instead they express their involvement in different ways, mainly in their homes. 

  • 335.
    Akram, Ghorbani
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Får jag lov att vara annorlunda?: en vetenskaplig essä2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min essä handlar om en händelse som är självupplevd. Den beskriver att det finns brist på erfarenhet om interkulturellt förhållningssätt på vissa förskolor. Den beskriver även att jag och mina kollegor inte kunde hantera några situationer som man i förskolans värld kan hamna i. Dilemmat som framträder i händelsen handlar om brist på kunskap när det gäller interaktion mellan olika kulturer. Detta speciellt på de institutioner där den är som allra viktigast i samhället, nämligen i skolans- och förskolans värld. Uppsatsen visar det förhållningssätt som pedagoger har gentemot vuxna och barn, som i pedagogernas ögon anses vara annorlunda.

    Det här är en vetenskaplig essäform där mina egna erfarenheter möter olika teoretiska perspektiv. På det sättet försöker jag att nå svar på mina frågor men även lyfta fram dilemmat i min essä. Därför får den som läser möjlighet att se mina erfarenheter ur nya perspektiv. Jag inleder min uppsats med att diskutera bristande interkulturellt ledarskap i förskolans miljö. Därefter utvecklas den med hjälp av teoretiska perspektiv, genom att lyfta fram hur vi kan bli bättre på att utveckla ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt. I mitt slutord reflekterar jag kring viktiga ämnen som essän har lyft fram med fokus på möjliga förbättringar. Det viktigaste ämnet i essän är det förhållningssätt som vi pedagoger har när det gäller barnens olikheter.

  • 336.
    Akrawi, Narin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Ciechowicz, Michelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Fotbollsturism: En studie om fotbollsturisters upplevelse och tillfredställelse2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study made by two students for their bachelor theses in Tourism at Södertörn University, Sweden. The study investigates weather the theoretical characteristic features of a sport tourist is inconsistent with reality. The study also investigates factors that sport tourist consider important during a football trip to achieve a satisfying experience. By identifying specific element of the phenomenon increase knowledge and development of sport tourism. The method chosen for the study was qualitative interviews which where performed with twenty respondents, each respondent travel to Lisbon, Portugal to attend the quarter- finals of Champions League between SL Benfica and FC Bayer München, 13 April 2016. The interview material was interpreted and later merges with previous research and theories in order to investigate and identify the phenomenon. The result of the study showed that the theoretical and previous research that have been presented on characteristic features of a sport tourist do not or partly match the respondents in this study. This study also showed that factors that sport tourist consider important as e.g. good seats, security, transport, good company, good atmosphere, other supporters and supporting their favourite football team, are the factors that contribute and makes a satisfying, memorable and positive experience trip.

  • 337.
    Akrawi, Narin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Ciechowicz, Michelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Företag på Facebook: En studie om företagskommunikation på Facebook2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper present a study where the case of the study is to examine how a selection of Swedish companies with a similar number of followers on Facebook can achieve an effective communication through a two-way communication with there followers. A survey to see which technical solutions Swedish companies need to achieve an effective communication. The main purpose is to examine how these companies work to achieve an effective two-way communication with their followers on the selected company's Facebook page.

    Furthermore, the effects that caused by the means of communication and the technical solutions and how they are involved in the process. That constitutes of functions that Facebook provides in terms of share, like, comment and tag. The research is based on a content analysis of six Swedish companies' Facebook pages, that are linked to theories that are related to areas of Facebook, communication, interaction and eWOM. Which late in the paper will be compiled into a conclusion.

    The study resulted in various forms of communication and interaction on account of the selected company's activity, purpose and on the company's adaptation after their business.

  • 338. Akre, O
    et al.
    Ekbom, A
    Sparén, Pär
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Tretli, S
    Body size and testicular cancer2000In: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, ISSN 0027-8874, E-ISSN 1460-2105, Vol. 92, no 13, p. 1093-1096Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 339.
    Akritidou, Amalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Arce, Vanessa
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Emotioner och marknadsföring: en studie om parfymannonser2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reaching out with a specific message to consumers is the idea of marketing. Advertising is among the most common elements when it comes to marketing a product or a service. There are various ways to provide marketing with a message. A relatively new way that has become larger in marketing is to provide marketing with emotions. It has been shown in several studies that emotions can have a direct or an indirect effect such as ad-attitude and brand-attitude, and that is what our essay is about. This essay will make a research on perfume ads and see if the emotions in the ads have any connection to ad- and brand attitude.

    The research began with a preliminary study to make sure that correct ads were selected for the purpose of the main study, which was to gain a greater understanding of how we are positively affected by different emotions in perfume-ads and how it may affect different variables in the effect hierarchy, such as attitude toward the ad, attitude toward the brand and brand awareness. The method that was chosen for the study was quantitative. The main study contained 5 perfume ads where emotions, ad-attitude, brand-attitude and brand-awareness were measured.

    The results showed that emotions have a tendency to act as moderating variables when it comes to ad-attitude and brand-attitude. Depending on the design and conception of the ad, the results showed a stronger or weaker correlation between these variables.

  • 340.
    Aksan, David
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Aslan, Mary
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Hur stärks ett företags varumärke genom sponsring?: Rosa Bandet kampanjen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze and investigate how a company’s brand is strengthened by the sponsorship and in which way. We will also make a comparison between a main sponsor and smaller sponsors.Method: We have used a qualitative method, i.e. interviews. We interviewed a sponsor charge by the three sponsors, we have chosen and a representative from the Pink Ribbon Campaign.Results and Conclusion: A company’s brand is strengthened by the sponsorship depending on what conditions the companies have. This means the strength of cooperation between donors and sponsor takers have. The more a sponsor helps the more space it takes, thus strengthening the brand more. The degree of strength depends on how appropriate the brand is in the A-ERIC model.

  • 341.
    Aktas, Gabriella
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Ungdomars berättelser om Hovsjö: En kvalitativ studie om hur sex ungdomar i åldrarna 21-26 ser på sitt bostadsområde2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problems: All that is stated in social media might not always sometimes be right, which has consequences for the individual's view of the described phenomena. The individual interprets and takes in mass media messages, which can lead to that the wrong information makes believed to be is correct one. The news media’s photo illustrations might pictures result in bad images of the suburbs. Hovsjö, residential area in the city of Södertälje, occurs in the media depicted as is a bad place to live due to the high rate of crime there.

    Purpose and Issues: My main research question is: How do young people view their residential area Hovsjö in comparison with the image they believe consider is given in that the news media gives the area? Further questions of the study are: How do the young people of the district describe their residential area? How do the youth's react to the news media images of Hovsjö? Has the neighborhood helped to form their identity?

    Method: In my data collection I have chosen a qualitative approach with observation and semistructured interviews. The reason I chose to do interviews is because it gives respondents the opportunity to give their own experiences and feelings of living in Hovsjö. My method has been ethnographic for the reason that I want to describe but also to understand the informants' world.

    Results: According to the interviews the news media has generalized Hovsjö as poor housing site pointing out mainly negative messages from the area. The informants have a different view on their residential area which does not correspond with the news media's version. They see their neighborhood in a positive way, and they explain that the environment has formed them to be good people. They do not deny the “crime incidents” in Hovsjö but they believe that the news media exaggerate events to depict the residential area as a criminal and dangerous area. As summary, I have come to a conclusion that the respondents have a positive view of their neighborhood which they consider a safe and a social area to live in.

  • 342.
    Akter, Applee
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Grönvall, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Socialt ansvar i ett svenskt företag: En studie om hur ett företag inom livsmedelsbranschen arbetar med CSR2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Numera engagerar sig allt fler företag i sociala och miljömässiga frågor då det förekommer ett krav från intressenter om att företag ska ta sådant ansvar. Fler företag involverar verksamheten i aktiviteter som berör Corporate social responsibility (CSR), för att tillfredsställa externa intressenter och uppnå en fördelaktigare position hos verksamhetens intressentgrupper.

    Problemdiskussion: Det förekommer en uppfattning om att företag enbart involverar verksamheten i frågor kring CSR i syfte att endast främja den egna verksamheten. Forskare menar att CSR aktiviteter inom ett företag kan ha en god inverkan på varumärket medan en del anser att effekten av dessa inte är uppenbara och tydliga.

    Frågeställning: Hur inkorporerat är CSR i Coops affärsidé och hur implementeras dessa hållbarhetsstrategier på butiksnivå?

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur ett företag i Sverige arbetar med Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Vidare är syftet att undersöka hur företagets strategier inom CSR stärkt varumärket samt hur har resultatet av deras hållbarhetsstrategier gjort detta.

    Metod: Denna uppsats har utgått ifrån en kvalitativ ansats för att undersöka företaget Coop, där tillvägagångssättet delvis varit intervjuer med konsumenter och butikschefer samt företagets hållbarhetschef. Vidare har studien utgått ifrån sekundärdata för att analysera verksamheten genom relevanta teorier. Den teoretiska referensramen innehåller teorier om CSR av olika forskare samt Carrolls CSR pyramid. Vidare har den insamlade datan analyseras genom teoriernaom CSR, Carrolls Pyramid, Brand Identity, Brand Equity, Corporate Identity samt kommunikation av CSR.

    Slutsats: CSR är väl interagerat i Coops affärsidé framförallt på central nivå inom organisation. Dock har deras hållbarhets strategier inte stärkt varumärket enligt den empiriska undersökningen. Coop bör bli tydligare i sin kommunikation av sina hållbarhetsaktiviteter annars kommer detta inte att vara en avgörande faktor som stärker Coops varumärke.

  • 343.
    Al Ashmawi, Fawzia
    et al.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Reiss, Wolfram
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Dougi, Noureddine
    University of Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Riley, Michael
    Schools History Project, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Hassani Idrissi, Mostafa
    University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.
    Thurfjell, David
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Guidebook for History Textbooks Authors: On a Common Path: New Approaches to Writing History Textbooks in Europe and the Arab and Islamic Worlds: The Case of the Mediterranean2012Report (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Al Hajderi, Dahlia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences. daaahlia@live.com.
    Produktplacering i fillm: ur konsumentens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To get an insight into consumer attitudes toward product placement and how product placement influences the consumer based on two factors, brand awareness and exposure.

    Method: This study has been conducted through a quantitative method. A survey has been in support of the gathering of empire where a movie clip has been the focus of the survey.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that product placement is perceived positively and depending on the exposure method or previous brand awareness the consumer has, it may affect consumers, which means that it can either lead to a purchase or not depending on the attitude of the consumer.

  • 345.
    Al, Roza
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Klimatneutrala företag - kan IT minska utsläppen?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The attention on environmental issues has never been as huge as today. The climate is changing and more and more evidence suggest that the cause behind climate changes is an increase of carbondioxide into the atmosphere. The increase in turn is considerd to be an act of human activity. Therefore some companies have decided to become climate neutral and implement information technology in their business in order to reduce their emissions. This thesis has three aimes: to calculate a small company´s carbondioxide emissions, study whether or not information technology could help to reduce these emissions and furthermore find out why some companies decided to become climate neutral and describe the concept climate neutral. The results show that if information technology is used properly and effectively there are great potential to reduce the emissions, especially emissions from transportation sector. Now that the environment issues has become number one in the news and in the political agenda many companies try to cut their emissions, which is why some companies decided to take one step further and become climate neutral. Most of the companies see this action as a necessity in order to survive in a high competitive market. By doing so, they get more PR and more credit from both their investers and custumers. That is also why GreenIT´s carbondioxide emissions where calculated here. GreenIT have intentions in becoming climate neutral and in order to becoming one they have to reduce their remaining emissions by investing in projects in developing countries. As GreenIT is a small company they don´t have large emissions to reduce. This action will not cost them much but will probably give them an advantage in the market and credit from other investors and customers.

  • 346.
    Al, Roza
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Dogan, Ceren Xezal
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Psykiskt sjukas utsatthet i medierna: En granskning av Svenska Dagbladets och Expressens rapportering om psykiskt sjuka2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie gick ut på att se om publiceringen av artiklarna som handlar om psykiskt sjuka och rättspsykiatri, ökade i omfång i Expressen och Svenska Dagbladet efter mordet på utrikesministern Anna Lindh den 10 september 2003. Vi ville även analysera några utvalda texter som tar upp psykiskt sjuka i samband med brott. Vi använde oss av både kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder för att få en så heltäckande studie som möjligt. Det vi kom fram till är att artikelantalet i båda tidningarna ökade efter mordet på Anna Lindh. Dessutom såg vi en tendens till att Expressens artiklar är mer dramatiserande och innehåller fler och större bilder än Svenska Dagbladets artiklar.

  • 347.
    Alacabek, Alan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sahin, Erdal
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Rollen på Scenen": En studie om vakters uppfattningar av den främre och bakre regionen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to obtain a deeper understanding of how the opinions of security guards differ between their professional and the private roles that they occupy. Furthermore the purpose is to find out how violence and threats prevent the performance of a successful guard role. The method we have used was qualitative semi-structured interviews with eight security guards. The result of the study suggests that the professional life and the personal life may form two separate spheres. The presence of threats and violence shapes a professional role where the internal cooperation is the main key.

  • 348.
    Alam, Afsana
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Juth, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Motivation i läraryrket: En studie i vad som motiverar lågstadielärare och hur nya skolreformer påverkar deras motivation.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund - Enligt Statistiska centralbyrån kommer det saknas så mycket som 40 000 lärare inom de närmsta åren och det är endast fem procent av lärarna som anser att yrket är uppskattat av samhället. Med en utgångspunkt i svenska elevers försämrade resultat i internationella kunskapsmätningar och att detta i sin tur ses som ett resultat av den svenska skolans kunskaps- och disciplinproblem. Har man för att lösa dessa problem genomfört ett stort antal skolreformer och man har gjort en stor satsning på lärares professionella utveckling. Om dessa reformer påverkar lärares motivation är dock ett högst relevant men outforskat ämne.

    Syfte - Syftet med den här studien är att få djupare förståelse i vilka faktorer som motiverar lågstadielärare i sitt dagliga arbete och om dessa faktorer skiljer sig beroende på om de börjat arbeta innan eller efter implementeringen av de nya skolreformerna, samt studera hur skolreformerna, införandet av lärarlegitimation och den nya professionen förstelärare, som trätt i kraft de senaste fem åren har påverkat dem.

    Metod - Studien har en kvalitativ forskningsansats för att skapa en djupare förståelse över ett redan existerande fenomen. Som forskningsdesign används en komparativ studie tillsammans med semi-strukturerade intervjuer.

    Slutsats - Studien har visat på att det både finns skillnader och likheter mellan vad som motiverar lågstadielärare som har arbetat olika länge inom yrket. Alla som medverkade i den här studien ansåg först och främst att det var eleverna och att se dem lyckas som främst motiverade dem i deras yrke. Det som skilde grupperna åt var att de nya lärarna motiverades mer utav de yttre faktorerna, så som lön, vilket inte var lika viktigt för de gamla lärarnas motivation. Studien har även visat på att de nya skolreformerna inte påverkat lågstadielärare särskilt märkbart. Det råder dock delade meningar huruvida skolreformerna är av positiv eller negativ karaktär för lärarna.

  • 349.
    Alam, Sadaf Sakina
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Determination of gp120 & Trx80 dependent production of hydrogen peroxide in cell free & cell-dependent systems2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a reactive oxygen specie (ROS), is most commonly associated with oxidative stress causing cytotoxic effects on living cells. Oxidative stress has been implicated in various conditions including neurodegenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer. In addition H2O2 is produced as a defense mechanism against pathogens, as being released by activated phagocytes. In recent years, H2O2 has become established as an important regulator of signal transduction in eukaryotic cells. Hydrogen peroxide is generated both intracellularly and extracellularly in response to various stimuli including cytokines and growth factors. There are different mechanisms by which H2O2 is generated, facilitating signal transduction in cells; through NOX-system in miyochondria, via singlet oxygen, receptor/ligand interaction or by redox active metal ions. The HIV glycoprotein 120 (gp120) is associated with HIV dementia and it is known as a neurotoxin that causes neuronal damage. It has been proposed that free radicals may be involved in the pathogenesis caused by gp120. In addition the truncated form of thioredoxin (Trx80) is known to stimulate HIV replication in HIV infected cells, however, the exact mechanism is not known. A possible way both proteins may mediate their activity is by inducing H2O2 production. The aim of this study was to investigate H2O2 production induced by the proteins gp120 and Trx80. In order to detect H2O2 production an assay based on the fluorescent compound Amplex Red, was established. The assay was used to detect H2O2 released by gp120 and Trx80 in a cell-free environment, in a cell-system and in the presence of metal ions (copper ions) with a physiological reductant (ascorbate). We did not detect H2O2 production induced by gp120 and Trx80 respectively, using our assay, however, other ROS such as hydroxyl radicals may have been generated although they were not detectable with our method. Hence, further studies are needed in order to fully understand how gp120 and Trx80 mediate their activity.

  • 350.
    Alam, Saiful
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Rozario, Antonia
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Franchising: - Franchisetagarens möjligheter till förändring av varuutbudet.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Franchise is a form of cooperation between two merging parts: a franchisor and franchisee. In similarity to other businesses, it is important for a company based on franchising to adjust to the rapid market changes in order to achieve a competitive advantage of commodities. Due to the strict franchise agreement, the franchisees are restricted in adapting to the market changes. The purpose of this thesis is, therefore, to get an understanding of the franchisees perspective in their business, and also to see to what degree the commodities are affected by the control from the franchisor. We have chosen to limit the study to brand retail-stores in the fashion industry because of the rapid changes that distinguish it. Adjustment to changes in order to become more competitive is the point of weight in our thesis. We have also restricted us to Business Format Franchising. Casestudies was performed to fulfil the purpose of the thesis. The study consists of interviews with franchisees from three brand-retail stores in Stockholm. The selected brand retail-stores are part of the two corporations, namely, RNB and Bestseller. An interview with the vice president of the Swedish Franchise Association was also conducted. Based on our findings in the empirical material and analysis we have come to the conclusion that the franchise agreement is the central controlling force that allows the franchisor to control their franchisees business. There are indifferences between the two parts when it comes to the franchise agreement and when it comes to changes in the supply. It is obvious that it leads to a power struggle between those involved. The franchisee has undeniably small opportunities to effect merchandise supply, interior decorating and marketing. This is because the franchisor holds a firm hand around the basic concept which acts as an identity for the franchise line. Thus, there is a need from the franchisees to more free thinking outside the borders of the agreement, specially in the matter of adapting to customer requests. That is because they daily encounter consumer needs and has an overview of the trends on the market.

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