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  • 2951.
    Sjöstrand, Annelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ozgul, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Varumärkesvärdering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva vilka metoder det finns enligt rekommendationer och standarder för redovisning av varumärken och jämföra det med vilka metoder som används av företag i praktiken genom att studera deras respektive årsredovisningar.

    Metod: Studien präglas av en kvalitativ metod med kvantitativa inslag där en semi-strukturerad intervju blandas med data från årsredovisningar. Resultatet från intervjun ska sedan jämföras med resultaten från studerandet av årsredovisningarna.

    Teori: Teorin består av en kartläggning av de värderingsmetoder som finns, definitioner av immateriella tillgångar och varumärken samt en presentation av tidigare studier inom ämnet.

    Empiri: Resultatet visade på att flera värderingsmetoder som finns enligt teorin inte används i praktiken. Den mest förekommande värderingsmetoden är den avkastningsbaserade värderingsmetoden och då främst royalty- relief-metoden. Företag med internt upparbetade varumärken kan inte redovisa dessa på grund av det redovisningspraxis som råder idag. 

    Slutsats: Varumärket har fått en större betydelse ur ett finansiellt perspektiv, trots detta är det sällan varumärket redovisas som en egen post. Detta skulle kunna tyda på att det behövs en utveckling av de standarder och praxis som finns inom redovisningen i dagens läge. 

  • 2952.
    Sjöström, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Symmons, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att förmedla en dröm: En studie om svenska fastighetsmäklarföretags positioneringsstrategier på den svenska och spanska marknaden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a company to succeed it must have a strong and recognizable brand, this is the most important tool a company can use to be successful. If a company succeeds with its positioning, the client should be able to connect the company’s brand to their needs.

    When starting in a new market, it is important to examine the company’s positioning and brand strengths in the home market in order to determine whether they can use similar ideas in the new market, or whether the brand positioning need to be adapted. Real estate brokerage firms have seen their opportunity to internationalize due to that more and more Swedes are choosing to buy a property abroad. Spain is one of the most popular countries for Swedes to buy properties in, because of the climate, the atmosphere, work situations and family relationships.

    Researchers believe that a company may have difficulties imitating the same image in the international market as the home market, it may depend on factors such as cultural and legal differences. The purpose of this study was to investigate how Swedish real estate brokerage firms have chosen to position their brand in the home market and the Spanish market, as well as investigate whether they adapt their positioning depending on the market they are operating on.

    Existing theories and models where used and as for the empirical part, we have chosen to use qualitative research method and to limit the data collection to interviews. We believed this provided a greater depth to our study and that it was the most feasible way to get access to the information we sought from the companies that we interviewed.

    We came to the conclusion that all companies that took part in our study want to convey a united brand to its customers in both markets. However, we found that theychoose to alter the way of working their positioning strategy in their home market compared to the Spanish market.

  • 2953.
    Skantz, Adam
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nordin, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur påverkas företag inom modebranschen av fenomenet "dark social" ur ett digitalt marknadsföringsperspektiv?2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of the internet has led to an information revolution that has changedindividuals social behaviour. This has resulted in changed user behaviour in digitalcommunication channels. The development has occurred at the same time as the developmentof e-commerce, which has facilitated exchange between buyers and sellers. The fashionindustry sell products that generate a high level of engagement. High-engagement productsare shared digitally between individuals and generates the phenomenon "dark social", whichis traffic from digital communication channels that web analytics can not analyze.

    The purpose of the study is to describe how companies in the fashion industry are affected bythe phenomenon "dark social" from a digital marketing perspective. The study is thereforedelimited to collecting empirical material from respondents who are either specialists indigital marketing or key personnel in the marketing department of companies in the fashionindustry. This delimitation has been made because products sold by companies in the industryis engaging individuals to communicate about the products. The study was based on aqualitative method in which the empirical material was collected from five respondentsthrough semi-structured interviews and questionnaires. The obtained empirical material hasbeen cross fertilized with theories about high-engagement products, web analytics,"electronic word-of-mouth" and "dark social".

    The challenges of "dark social" are the constraints of the companies abilities to evaluatedigital marketing, and the lack of knowledge about the phenomenon. The study shows thatcompanies in the fashion industry are currently not considering the challenges of "darksocial". On the contrary the study shows that companies should be taking the phenomenoninto account by forming an understanding and increasing knowledge about how it may affectcollected data. This is in order to make more accurate decisions regarding digital marketingstrategies. The fashion industry has been highlighted as one of the most vulnerable to thephenomenon.

  • 2954.
    Skjäl, Henric
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Yaman, Erim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Innovationer och dess inverkan av Humankapital, Handel och FoU: Till vilken grad påverkas innovationer i EU av Humankapital, Handel med IKT och FoU?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes what effects human capital, R&D and ICT-goods trade have on innovation. Positive outcomes from innovation are an increased level of productivity, which increases incentives for greater innovative activity. Throughout this thesis patent-applications will be used as a proxy for innovation, which is in accordance with previous literature. The main scope of this paper will focus on econometric panel-data to determine which indicators have a significant effect on national-wide patent-applications and basic policy making in accordance with the findings. The scope of the study will include 27 European Union countries. The methodology used concerning panel-data is fixed effects. However, due to the amount of missing data the econometric estimation, we will focus on imputation of the missing values. According to various tests that determine what kind of model fits the underlying dataset, we can conclude that this study requires the use of a Multiple Imputation technique. Our result shows that investments towards R&D have the biggest impact on innovations.

  • 2955.
    Skogqvist, Jackline Mwende
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    The effect of mobile money on savings behaviors of the financially excluded2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether the use of mobile money affects the savings patterns of individuals that are vulnerable to financial exclusion, that is, the low-income earners, low-educated, women and rural habitants. Studying the case of Kenya, this study uses data from the 2016 FinAccess Household Survey (N=8,665) that was designed to track and measure the drivers, growth and impact of mobile money use in Kenya. Logistic model and the 2SLS IV regression are used as the empirical estimation method for testing the statistical significance of the correlation between mobile money usage and the savings behaviors of the individuals. The results show that users of mobile money are 1.96 more likely to have a savings product than those that do not use mobile money, and that the propensity for users of mobile money to save for emergencies and for future events is 1.44 and 1.27 times higher, respectively, as compared to the non-users. These findings suggest that individuals that use mobile money perceive it as a trustworthy, efficient and reliable store of value especially making savings for future use. This analysis also finds statistically significant evidence suggesting that mobile money use significantly increases the propensity to save for individuals in demographic groups that are more susceptible to the unique challenges that lower accessibility to formal financial services. Therefore, by increasing the probability of individuals in the female, low income, low education and rural groups to save, mobile money fosters financial inclusion which is essential in the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals such as reducing poverty, increasing equality and sustained economic growth among others. In general, this study has specific policy implications for using mobile money as a device for increasing financial inclusion among the ‘unbanked’ population.

  • 2956.
    Sköld, Alexandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Annelie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att stanna: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnor med tidigare erfarenheter av våld i nära relationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker kvinnor utsatta för våld i heterosexuella parförhållanden med syftet att undersöka vad som kan påverka att en del kvinnor under lång tid stannar i destruktiva och våldsamma relationer. Den teoretiska referensramen hämtas från ett strukturellt/kulturellt perspektiv i teorin om våldets normaliseringsprocess samt från ett socialpsykologiskt perspektiv genom teorin om det traumatiska bandet. För att uppnå studiens syfte har en kvalitativ metod använts i form av intervjuer. Fem kvinnor med tidigare erfarenhet av våld i nära relationer har intervjuats. Genom en tematisk analysmetod har intervjumaterialet sedan analyserats. Analysen är uppdelad i de tre temana relationernas början, våldets utveckling samt våldets bindande kraft. Slutsatserna av studien är att de våldsutsatta kvinnorna genomgått ett nedbrytningsförlopp som männen styr över där de successivt brutits ner och manipulerats. Slutsatserna visar även att de känslor som kvinnorna beskrivit har haft en bindande verkan till männen vilket bidragit till att de stannat kvar i de destruktiva relationerna under en längre period.

  • 2957.
    Smed, Akvelina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    The role of the female Balinese journalist: A qualitative field study covering the complex role of women journalists in the Balinese society2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Hindu island of Bali is a patriarchal society and the Balinese people’s everyday tasks are woven together with their many cultural and religious rituals and actions. Bali is one of the most famous and most visited islands of the wide spread island nation of Indonesia. Here, the concept of cultural tourism is established – a concept which regards the rich Balinese culture as a tourist draw, something that motivates the Balinese people to safeguard their regional identity and culture. These strives although tends to collide with the strives towards a more gender equal society. This study investigates the role of the Balinese female journalist – both within the newsrooms and in the society in general. It is based mainly upon in-depth interviews with women journalists in Bali. The theoretical framework orbits around a gendered approach to the theory of Journalism Culture, which combines concepts such as doxa and social fields to explain the dynamic and dichotomizations within the professional field. Masculine domination theories are also used. The results of this study reveal a complex situation where the female journalists perform a challenging balance act in order to perform their very best both at work, at home and in the society.

  • 2958.
    Smedsjö, Filip
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Teknologisk överföring inom joint ventures: En studie av den kinesiska fordonsindustrin2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the multinational corporations “mandatory joint venture agreement" with the Chinese manufacturers, and how it affects technology transfer.

    The researcher chose to conduct qualitative interviews which were semi-structured, as a method to collect information. Through a non-probability sample, three companies were selected to participate in the study.

    The study's findings suggest that if the Chinese government's demands on the joint venture agreement was revised or completely abolished, and the multinational vehicle manufacturers got free choice of FDI, then it will lead to fewer companies which will establish joint ventures with Chinese manufacturers. It would also increase the incentives for multinationals to transfer technologies to the Chinese automotive industry. However, it is not a guarantee for more efficient technologies, because the multinationals only transfer technologies and products that the Chinese market demands and is willing to pay for. Multinational companies can not implement the most advanced technologies in the vehicles destined for the Chinese market due to the lack of quality of the fuel. According to the multinationals, they require harder and stricter regulations by the Chinese government, when it comes to the quality of the fuel.

    This study has contributed with knowledge about how the joint-venture agreements in the Chinese automotive affect the technological transfer, based on the multinational corporations’ perspective. In particular, the study highlights the importance of relationship quality, trust and absorptive capacity in the context of technology transfer. Provided the requirements for joint ventures either were revised or abolished in the future, it would be interesting to conduct a similar study and thus compare the extent of technology transfer before and after any legislative changes. Additional suggestions for future research is to conduct a similar study but from a more profound societal perspective.

  • 2959.
    Smirnova, Inga
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hopf Berger, Ella
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det krävs två för att dansa tango: Om svenska webbjournalisters publiksyn2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att journalisters publiksyn präglats av att de sett sin publik som en passiv part, en mottagare av det material som publicerats eller som en uppdragsgivare för det material som skall publiceras. Webben har gett det journalistiska yrkesfältet nya verktyg via vilka publiken kan delta och påverka nyhetsflödet. Den här uppsatsens huvudsyfte har varit att undersöka vilken syn dagens webbjournalister har på sin publik.

    En kartläggning av fem svenska mediers webbplatser visar på vilka möjligheter publiken har att delta i det journalistiska arbetet idag via bland annat sociala medier, kommentarsfält och bloggar. Kartläggningen, tillsammans med en enkätundersökning gjord bland redaktionsmedlemmar samt två separata djupintervjuer med redaktörer från dessa medieföretag undersöker hur dagens svenska webbjournalister tänker kring sin publik och kring rollen publiken tagit i det journalistiska arbetet.

    Resultatet av forskningen visar att webbjournalister ger uttryck för att publikens deltagande är en viktig del i deras dagliga arbete. Vidare visar undersökningen att webbjournalister i hög grad använder sig av sociala medier som ett verktyg för publikinteraktion men att deras syn på kommentarsfunktioner är mer splittrad.

  • 2960.
    Smolander, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Financial equilibrium, myth or reality?: Factors in the stability of Russia's banking system2015In: THE GENESIS OF GENIUS, ISSN 7634-5688, no 5, p. 121-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Banking system stabilityunderpins the functioning of an economy. A number of micro and macro level factors determine the stability of the system. The Russian banking system is on the edge of financial equilibrium due to poor transparency of financial information, lack of liquidity and declining competition.

  • 2961.
    Smolander, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gender in the class: Cultural aspects of participation in seminars of small groups2016In: European journal of education and applied psychology, ISSN 2310-5704, no 1, p. 10-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding a large spectrum of gender features will help bachelor students to get deeper analysis of nowadays global economy. The results of the research show even that there are some principal differences between students in educational process depending on their own gender background.

  • 2962.
    Smolander, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Opportunities for Russian-Swedish cooperation in the sphere of environmental technologies2013In: XIV International Environmental Forum "Baltic Sea Day": Thesis collection, St.Petersburg: Chelovek , 2013, p. 382-386Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2963.
    Smolander, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Grigorieva, Victoria
    St. Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Swedish Investments in sustainable development of Russian innovative corporations: opportunities or limitations?: A case study2015In: European science review, ISSN 2310-5577, no 5-6, p. 173-175Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article considers Russian-Swedish cooperation in the sphere of innovations. A brief overview of main results of the study of large Swedish enterprises operating in the direction of development and implementation of innovations in the sphere of sustainable development in Russia is given. An analysis of major tendencies as well as problems and limitations in this sphere is presented. 

  • 2964.
    Sohl, Alexander
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bergholm, Tim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Finansiering av startup - Den traditionella eller nya vägen?: En jämförelse mellan crowdfunding och traditionella finansieringsmetoder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding as it looks today has had rapid growth in popularity as a financing alternative for start-ups. By seeking capital from a large number of private investors who will invest a smaller amount of money, the financing market has changed and access to capital has increased. This study has made a comparison between the different funding options.

    The aim of this study is to compare the development of companies financed by crowdfunding against companies traditionally financed to evaluate which approach is the strongest. Furthermore, the authors intend to identify risks with crowdfunding and to observe trends.

    The study has been conducted through a quantitative method with a deductive approach where the data is collected mostly from the companies annual reports.

    The result of the study shows that the companies that are traditionally financed have a higher level of sales and sales growth. One trend that the study has shown is that after the company's first two years, sales, sales growth and operating profit from companies financed through crowdfunding begin to decline.

  • 2965.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Debatt: Därför behövs studier om makt och eliter i Sverige2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 317-321Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2966.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Feel-bad moments: Unpacking the complexity of class, gender and whiteness when studying ‘up’2018In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 470-483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intimacy, shared experiences and evening out the power relations between researcher and the participants play an important role in feminist methodology. However, as highlighted in previous research on studying ‘up’, such methods might not be appropriate when studying privileged groups. Therefore, studying privileged women challenges fundamental assumptions in feminist methodology. When researching privileged women, the assumption that the researcher is almost always in a superior position within the research process becomes more complicated. The article seeks to contribute to the feminist methodological literature on how to study privileged groups by exploring how class, gender and whiteness are produced in three fieldwork situations with women who hold privileges in a postcolonial and capitalist landscape. Drawing on interviews and participant observations with white Swedish migrant women, the article argues that researchers need to turn the problems, fears and feelings of being uncomfortable into important data, in order to study privileged groups of women.

  • 2967.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Linköping University.
    ’It Is So Swedish That You Have to Work’: Returning Swedish Migrant Women’s Negotiations of Gender Equality and Heterosexuality2019In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 80-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2968.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kvinnor i en klass för sig: betydelsen av kön och klass för priviligierade migranter2018In: Eliter i Sverige: tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass / [ed] Eriksson, Bengt Erik; Holmqvist, Mikael & Sohl, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 153-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2969.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Man hör ju talas om läkare från andra länder som får jobba som taxichaufförer": Om nedåtgående klassresor i ett rasifierat Sverige2017In: Ras och vithet: Svenska rasrelationer i går och idag / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 183-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2970.
    Sohl, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    'To become upwardly mobile you have to be a Swede': Women's upward class mobility in the neo-liberal Swedish welfare state context2018In: Social Mobility for the 21st Century: Everyone a Winner? / [ed] Steph Lawler & Geoff Payne, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 93-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2971.
    Sommar, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ett skepp kommer plastat: En fallstudie om logistik- och organisationsutveckling inom ett plastdistributionsföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Logistics development has evolved over the past few decades, yet more efforts are required to keep up-to-date on the latest trends. Many logistics studies deal with problems and solutions facing the largest companies, whereas the challenges facing smaller companies are less well understood. Therefore, this study focuses on how a medium-sized Swedish distribution company handles its logistics and how the organization is structured to meet the company's goals and growth. A qualitative casestudy has been conducted at the company RBP in Gothenburg. The purpose is to explore and investigate how RBP's organization and communication structure is built to successfully develop its logistics work.

    Information about the company was collected through a number of five semi-structuredinterviews as well as a thorough review of secondary data such as annual reports andscientific articles. The collected empirical material was then analyzed within ananalytical framework based on transaction cost theory, as well as organization-,communication- and logistics theory.

    The study indicates a difficulty to expand from a small to a medium-sized company. Thenecessary organizational changes require a leadership that clearly conveys a vision thatpermeates the entire organization. Unless the management agrees on core strategiesand approaches, it will be difficult to implement organizational changes.

  • 2972.
    Sommarström, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Överprö̈vning av offentlig upphandling: En studie av rättsmedelsdirektivets tillämplighet i svenskt upphandlingsförfarande och problematiken avseende distinktionen mellan civilrätt och förvaltningsprocess2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis sets out to present the Swedish regulations of the review procedure of public procurement and their applicability in accordance to Directive 2007/66/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 11 December 2007 amending Council Directives 89/665/EEC and 92/13/EEC with regard to improving the effectiveness of review procedures concerning the award of public contracts (the Remedies Directive). The regulations and principles of the tender procedure are based on the European Union legislation. One of the purposes with the Remedies Directive is for the member states to make allowances for the principle of the right to effective remedies.

    The thesis will focus on the review procedure with its regulations and principles shown in case law from both Swedish courts and the European Union Court of Justice. The aim with the Remedies Directive is to ensure the right to effective remedies, fore why the focus lies upon the implementation of the directive in the Swedish constitution. An important note in the tender procedure is the observation of the European union principle of good administrative behaviour, which will be exemplified and analysed. A few other European Union principles, primarily the principles of non-discrimination, openness and proportionality, will be highlighted in regard of the review process throughout the analysis.

    In conclusion, the distinction between civil law and the administrative process will be rendered during the analysis section, in which the distinction will be set out in relation to the Swedish review procedure of public procurement. An argument de lege ferenda regarding this distinction will end the analysis. 

  • 2973.
    Songur, Welat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Migration, kön och äldreboende i tre storstadsområden2019In: Socialt arbete i storstaden: Villkor och praktik / [ed] Alinia Minoo & Songur Welat, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, p. 112-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2974.
    Songur, Welat
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Older migrants’ use of elderly care in Sweden: family affects choice between home help services and special housing2019In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish elderly care consists mainly of two forms of care: home help services and special housing. The aim of this paper is to investigate and analyse how and to what extent older migrants use different forms of elderly care and to explore whether, and if so why, this is the case. The article uses a mixed method that combines a quantitative and a qualitative research approach. The study comprises statistics on the total population of elderly persons using home help services and special housing, and 10 telephone interviews with care managers. The results show that while Nordic migrants have similar patterns access to elderly care to Swedes, older migrants from the Middle East and Africa use home help services to a similar extent to older Swedes, but refrain from use of special housing due to the greater accessibility of home help services and the help they receive from family and relatives. To understand this disparity, the study highlights the role of filial piety and family obligation, which prescribe how the family should take care of elderly family members. The results show that the family significantly influences an elderlýs choice of public forms of care in ways that fit its preferences.

  • 2975.
    Sonono, Binan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Diaz Sima, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Europeiska skuldkrisen: Hur påverkas exportinriktade branscher av ett beviljat finansiellt stöd till ett EU–land?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Slutsatserna man kan dra av händelserna är att det finns en effekt på företagens börskurser som ett resultat av tillkännagivandena av finansiella stödet till de berörda EU-länderna. Det generella utfallet är att publiceringen av dessa nyheter hade i likhet med tidigare studier om ekonomiska nyheter samma utfall, det vill säga att det finns en korrelation. I tre av fyra händelser för i diagrammet för samtliga branscher reagerar avkastningen negativt av tillkännagivandena. Det vi kan konstatera att samtliga branscher har reagerat negativt och att det finns ett samband mellan händelsen i tre av fyra. Hypotestesten visar att i 13 av 16 fall så förkastas nollhypotesen medan i 3 av 16 fall accepteras den. Detta stödjer tolkningen av diagrammen som visar på ett samband mellan tillkännagivandena inom varje händelse och respektive bransch. Sett till både diagrammen och hypotesprövningarna, som visar på ett samband av inte bara historisk information utan även offentligt sådan som påverkar och återspeglas på lutningen av varje diagram så kan man konstatera att marknaden kännetecknas av en halvstark form och därmed accepteras den effektiva marknadshypotesen enligt uppsatsen

  • 2976.
    Sophia, Lund
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ericsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vad påverkar dagens sociala barnavård?: Historia eller försvårande omständigheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att visa hur historien kring barnavården påverkat dagens sociala barnavård, vilka förändringar som har skett och vilka äldre syn- respektive arbetssätt som finns kvar. Vi vill även undersöka dagens intentioner med det sociala barnavårdsarbetet, finns det eventuella hinder som försvårar dessa?

    Uppsatsen inleds med en bakgrundsbeskrivning av socialtjänstens barnavårds historia, lagförändringar, förhållningssätt, etik och ungdomars röst. Detta mynnar sedan ut i hur det sociala arbetet ser ut idag med fokus på socialsekreterarnas arbete med barn, unga och deras familjer. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer där vi intervjuat tre socialsekreterare ifrån tre medelstora kommuner i södra delen av Stockholm.

    I vårt resultat och analysdel har vi använt oss av bakgrunden, tidigare forskning, teoretiska perspektiv samt vårt intervjumaterial. Studiens resultat visar att det i dagens sociala barnavårdsarbete fortfarande finns kategoriserande mallar för vad som är normalt och onormalt. Barns rättigheter har succesivt ökat och familjen har blivit viktigare i arbetet. Resultatet visar även att barns behov i centrum (BBIC) har lett till mer omfattande dokumentationer som tar mer tid från det behandlande arbetet. Nyexaminerade socialsekreterare med avsaknad av kompetens och erfarenhet leder till att rättssäkerheten, möten och behandling brister i kvalitet.

  • 2977.
    Soran, Tarza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Khouri, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten: Förändringen inom revisionsbyråer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund & problem: Tobias Svanström har i sin doktorsavhandling utfört en studie om hur små och medelstora företag kommer att efterfråga och använda revision samt rådgivningstjänster efter avskaffandet av revisionsplikten. Svanströms studie visade att omkring 60 procent av samtliga företag kommer behålla revision trots att lagkrav saknas. Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten förväntades enligt angivelser från riksdagen beröra 70 procent av Sveriges företag vilket motsvarade omkring 250 000 små aktiebolag. År 2010 beslutade regeringen att avskaffa revisionsplikten för småföretag. Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten förändrade inte omfattning på revisionen och revisorns arbete, utan det blev avgörande för om företag fick välja bort revision. Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten är en extern förändring i lagstiftningen som driver företag i nya förhållanden. Företag tvingas anpassa sig och sätta sig in i förändringen för att bättre passa in i nya marknader med ny efterfrågan. Företag inom revisionsbranschen har minskat avsevärt sedan avskaffandet av revisionsplikten. Revisionsbyråer kan komma att avta och domineras av andra typer av rådgivningstjänster som förväntas bli ett viktigt och efterfrågat område inom branschen. Detta innebär att verksamheter som eftersträvar framgång måste anpassa sin verksamhet samt sätta in sig iförändringarna som sker.

    Syfte: Syftet är att utföra en uppföljande undersökning av Tobias Svanströms studie genom att undersöka hur små revisionsbyråer förändrats sedan avskaffandet av revisionsplikten avseende variablerna antalet anställda, omsättning och rörelsemarginal.

    Metod: Undersökningen har utgått från en kvantitativ forskningsmetod då årsredovisningar från år 2009 och 2013 har studerats och information har samlats in avseende revisionsbyråernas variabler antalet anställda, omsättning samt rörelsemarginal. Populationen består av små revisionsbyråer verksamma i regionerna Stockholms län, Småland och Norrland.

    Resultat och slutsats: Resultatet av undersökningen visade att förändringen av de studerade variablernaförändrats negativt men det fanns extremvärden som bidrog till största delen av minskningen. Förändringen varierade mellan revisionsbyråerna i samma region då det fanns både positiva ochnegativa förändringar. Mellan år 2009 och 2013 hamnade Sverige dessutom i en global finanskris som medförde lågkonjunktur och minskad sysselsättning vilket kan ha påverkat revisionsbyråernas antal anställda, omsättning och rörelsemarginal.

  • 2978.
    Sorensen, Lone
    et al.
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Ford, Heather
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Al-saqaf, Walid
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Bosch, Tanja
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Dialogue of the Deaf: Listening on Twitter and Democratic Responsiveness during the 2015 South African State of the Nation Address2019In: Media, Communication and the Struggle for Democratic Change: Case Studies on Contested Transitions / [ed] Katrin Voltmer, Christian Christensen, Nicole Stremlau, Irene Neverla, Barbara Thomass, Nebojša Vladisavljević, Herman Wasserman, Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2019, p. 229-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the use of social media as a channel of communication between citizens and government. It draws on the concept of ‘listening’ in democratic communication (Couldry, N., Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics After Neoliberalism. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2010; Dobson, A., Listening for Democracy: Recognition, Representation, Reconciliation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). In the run-up to the 2015 State of the Nation Address, the South African presidency conducted a listening exercise on Twitter, which failed on all counts. Combining quantitative and qualitative analyses of Twitter conversations, the chapter evaluates the quality of listening and identifies the reasons for the collapse of the conversation. The findings suggest that while poorly performed listening campaigns can result in spiralling frustration among citizens, social media platforms like Twitter can also provide opportunities for governments to listen in a manner that serves a more positive relationship with citizens.

  • 2979.
    Spaiser, V.
    et al.
    University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
    Ranganathan, S.
    Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics.
    Sumpter, D. J. T.
    Uppsala University.
    The sustainable development oxymoron: quantifying and modelling the incompatibility of sustainable development goals2017In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 457-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, the UN adopted a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to eradicate poverty, establish socioeconomic inclusion and protect the environment. Critical voices such as the International Council for Science (ICSU), however, have expressed concerns about the potential incompatibility of the SDGs, specifically the incompatibility of socio-economic development and environmental sustainability. In this paper, we test, quantify and model the alleged inconsistency of SDGs. Our analyses show which SDGs are consistent and which are conflicting. We measure the extent of inconsistency and conclude that the SDG agenda will fail as a whole if we continue with business as usual. We further explore the nature of the inconsistencies using dynamical systems models, which reveal that the focus on economic growth and consumption as a means for development underlies the inconsistency. Our models also show that there are factors which can contribute to development (health programmes, government investment) on the one hand and ecological sustainability (renewable energy) on the other, without triggering the conflict between incompatible SDGs. © 2016 The Author(s).

  • 2980.
    Speiner, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tiflidou, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En kontrollerad profession: En kvalitativ studie baserad på lärares upplevda syn på deras arbetssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The National Agency for Education (Skolverket) have during the 2010s implemented reforms that have led to an extensive administrative burden for teachers. The extensive documentation and administration demands arise from superiors need for control, were controlmecanisms such as surveillance and quality assessments are used to monitor the teachers profession. The new curriculum that was presented in 2011 was more content and result focused, which resulted in more distinct frames that contain what the teachers can and can not do while carrying out their teaching. The theoretical framework contain theories about the ideal-typical bureaucratic form, centralisation & formalisation, Mintzberg's bureaucracy theories, Ouchi’s theory about Markets, Bureaucracy & Clans and New Public Management. The theories are utilized to establish an increased understanding of how the teachers profession is govern and to further simplify the interpretation of the teachers work situation. In order to answer the purpose of this study semi-structured interviews was carried out with eight teachers from two schools, one independent school and one state founded school.

    The results of this study shows that teachers autonomy has been negatively affected as a result of the new curriculum and increased demands from different actors, as of now, they have to follow the standardized procedures when planning their lessons. This study aims to establish a greater understanding about teachers experiences regarding their work situation, where both private and state funded schools were studied through semi structured interviews. The study illustrates through the empirical results that the demands from different actors have a negative impact on the teachers work situation. This study’s conclusions show that the different actors that affect teachers are; the school management (Academedia), the Municipality, media, The National Agency for Education (Government), parents, and the EU. Furthermore, the conclusion shows that teachers often does not understand the purpose of documentation and view it as far too extensive. Lastly, the conclusion that has been drawn from the increased demands of documentation and education have inflicted the teachers autonomy, and they have now lost power and control of their work to different actors.

  • 2981.
    Spinova, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    R&D tax incentives: Do R&D tax incentives stimulate innovations and economic growth? Evidence of OECD countries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of tax incentives on the firms’ innovative activity and economic growth by using sample of 28 OECD countries. The study using panel data analysis and applies fixed effect OLS models. The results of the econometric investigation indicate that tax incentives have significant and positive effect on the R&D expenditure. Regression analysis also shows a positive significant impact of R&D tax incentives in combination with direct funding for business R&D. The paper finds no evidence of significant relationship between tax incentives and economic growth. The research also finds a positive significant impact of direct R&D support, R&D expenditure and tax incentives on registered patents. We suggest to apply public support policy including both types of support since previous studies showed that tax incentives and direct funding are not perfect substitutes.

  • 2982.
    Spolén, Ida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rosenberg, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Digital nudging: En studie om hur nudging påverkar konsumentbeteende vid köp av dagligvaror online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nudging is a relatively new phenomenon that has become increasingly popular at both corporate and social levels. A nudge can affect people to make better decisions that benefit both themselves and society as a whole. Previous research has focused on how nudging should be used in physical environments, however, how nudging should be designed digitally is comparatively unexplored. As society is becoming more reliant on digital formats, more online decisions are taking place and some of the most common decisions online are the ones when consumers are choosing groceries. Efficiently designing digital nudging to groceries could potentially lead to improved public health and environment. The study therefore aims at creating an understanding of how consumers are affected by digital nudging when purchasing groceries online. The study also aims at investigating whether the traditional theories of nudging can be applied within a digital context. In this study, a qualitative method was used with a deductive approach. Data collection has taken place through observations where twelve respondents conducted a simulated purchase in a prototype where digital nudging was used. In addition, data collection has been carried out with interviews, which enabled an analysis of the extent to which digital nudging affected respondents at the time of purchase.

    One of the study’s conclusions is that consumer purchasing behaviour was affected in 12 out of 48 cases, in contact with digital nudging when buying groceries online. In these cases, digital nudging resulted in consumers were making healthier and more environmentally friendly choices. Another conclusion is that the traditional nudging theories can be applied to digital environments. However, it is harder to apply digital nudging on groceries, rather than other parts of the grocery shopping process, as habits and price perceptions are established factors when purchasing groceries. The study is of interest to system designers who develop and build IT systems, for the public who get an increased understanding of the impact of digital nudging, but also for government agencies such as the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Public Health Agency, for an improved environment and public health.

  • 2983.
    Spångmark, Hedvig
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hedlund, Vilma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Politiker i poddradio: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av könsmärkta intervjufrågor till svenska politiker i poddradio2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnliga och manliga politiker porträtteras olika utifrån sitt kön i frågor om deras privatliv i de traditionella medierna (SVT nyheter 2017). Syftet med denna uppsats är att få en överblick över de stereotypa könsrollernas framställning i det moderna mediet poddradio. Vi undersöker de manliga respektive kvinnliga politikernas talutrymme och hur många frågor de får gällande deras privatliv. Tidigare forskning slår fast att kvinnliga politiker får färre frågor kring deras yrkesroll och den politiska dagordningen men desto fler frågor om yttre attribut och hur de får ihop vardagspusslet. Uppsatsen bygger på en kvantitativ innehållsanalys där vi undersökt våra olika variabelvärden ur 40 poddavsnitt i fem olika poddar. Poddarna vi valde att undersöka var Ekots Lördagsintervju, Framgångspodden, Roos möter partiledarna, Söndagsintervjun och Värvet. Undersökningen tar avstamp utifrån två teorier; gender agenda setting och personifiering som ska konkretisera vårt underlag. Resultatet pekar på små marginaler mellan de olika könen, där den största skillnaden var de olika ämnena inom privatlivet som tilldelades de olika könen. De kvinnliga politikerna fick  flest frågor kring psykisk hälsa samtidigt som männen fick flest frågor kring familj/släkt, vilket var ett oväntat resultat om man jämför med tidigare forskning. Kan vi utifrån detta se en tendens till förändring inom medievärlden där även de traditionella medierna går i en mer jämställd riktning, eller är det medieformatet poddradion som är unik i sitt slag? Detta är något som framtida forskning får utvisa.

  • 2984.
    Srba, Monika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Finansiering av arbetsintegrerande sociala företag: En dragkamp mellan det sociala och det kommersiella2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of the social economy and of the work integration social enterprises (WISE) in particular, is for many a more or less unknown area. Unlike ordinary enterprises the WISE's are different due to their aim of integrating disadvantaged people through work. In comparison with other small enterprises earlier research has shown that the WISE's are dealing with challenges regarding recruitment, participation, leadership, sustainable business ideas but above all, the access to funding. The purpose of this essay has therefore been to examine and analyze the financial situation of eight WISE's located in the Stockholm County. The results indicate that half of the enterprises perceive their economic situation as very unstable and as an obstacle to their further development. This perception seems to be more common among the younger enterprises which have not differentiated their businesses activities enough, which results in a greater reliance of the purchases of the public sector. The studied WISE's express a desire to reduce their dependence on the revenues from the public sector by increasing the revenues from other business activities, but this is something that has been proven to be both difficult and time consuming. In line with e.g. age, business maturation, expanded areas of business activities and increased knowledge, more funding opportunities seems to occur. A vast majority of the enterprises have a negative attitude towards external funding in terms of external equity capital, due to its presumable intrusion on the determination of the company. The field which WISE's are operating in is undoubtedly an important socioeconomic area since they react to one of the society’s most prominent problems; people in exclusion and all the problems the exclusion causes. The analysis of the examined enterprise's funding opportunities and its consequences are the main contributions of this essay as well as the further suggestions on how the WISE's financial situation can be improved.

  • 2985.
    Srebrenikovic, Amir
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hasic, Sanel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vem är läraren i klassrummet?: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare skapar, agerar och upprätthåller sin lärarroll i klassrummet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to get a better understanding through an actor’s perspective on how high school teachers create, act and maintain their role as teachers in the classroom. This study is conducted with the use of interaction theories to be able to explain how teachers choose to act in their interactions with students. The study was performed by using a qualitative method with semi structured interviews and with the help of an interview guide. Five high school teachers that work in the same school but teaching in different subjects were interviewed. The empiricism that we collected has been analyzes by using Herbert Blumers symbolic interactionism and Erving Goffmans dramaturgical perspective on individual roles.The result in the study shows that high school teachers are aware of how they want to be perceived by students. They often react in classroom situation without having actively prepared themselves for the interaction with students. The high school teacher’s conduct in their role as teachers is based on their experience and reactions when they occur in the interaction with students in the classroom.

  • 2986.
    Sriwi, Yusra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ben Abla, Josef
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Finansiella risker: En studie om konkursrisken på nordiska företag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a country's financial system has an impact on the corporate sector's financial risks.

    The study is based on a quantitative approach in which we collected data from annual reports and other public market data.

    In the empirical material that was produced we presented a prediction of bankruptcy over 100 companies with a total of 467 observations over the past five years (2011-2015). The results showed that companies in the marketoriented countries have a higher risk of ending up in bankruptcy than in the bank-oriented countries.

  • 2987.
    Stake, Johan Y.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Causes of litigation in public procurementManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2988.
    Stake, Johan Y.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Essays on quality evaluation and bidding behavior in public procurement auctions2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this dissertation, I investigate how different aspects of the procurement process and evaluation affect bidding behavior.

    In essay 1, we attempt to map public procurements in Sweden by gathering a representative sample of procurements. We find that framework agreements and multiple-contract procurements represent a very large share of total government spending. The total value procured by government authorities, municipalities and counties accounts to 215 BSEK yearly, which we believe is an underestimate due to data issues.

    Essay 2 suggests a simple method for of estimating bidding costs in public procurement, and are empirically estimated to be approximately 2 percent of the procurement value using a comprehensive dataset and approximately 0.5 percent for a more homogeneous road re-pavement dataset. Our method provides reasonable estimates with, compared to other methods, relatively low data requirements.

    Essay 3 investigates the effect of quality evaluation on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Contrary to common belief, SMEs’ participation does not increase when evaluating quality, and their probability to win procurements decreases compared with that of large firms.

    In essay 4, the bidders’ decision to apply for a procurement review “appeal” is investigated. Contrary to procurers’ beliefs, evaluating quality is found not to have any statistically significant effect on the probability of appeals. Instead, I empirically confirm theoretical prediction of the 1st runner-up’s decision to claim the evaluation to be redone, as well as free-riding in appealing.

    In essay 5, we test whether spatial econometrics can be used to test for collusion in procurement data. We apply this method on a known cartel and test during and after the period the cartel was active. Our estimates support the proposition that spatial econometrics can be used to test for collusive behavior.

  • 2989.
    Stake, Johan Y.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Evaluating quality or lowest price: Consequences for small and medium-sized enterprises in public procurement2017In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 1143-1169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effect of evaluating the most economically advantageous tender (MEAT) in public procurement rather than lowest price. According to the European Union (EU), evaluations based on MEAT, rather than lowest price, give an advantage to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in winning public procurement contracts because such firms are viewed as sources of innovation. Thus, MEAT as an evaluation criterion is recommended throughout the EU. Using procurement data from Sweden, I find no significant effect on SME participation in procurement calls for tender as a result of the use of MEAT in firm evaluations. However, large firms significantly increase their participation when MEAT is evaluated. Even more importantly, micro, small and medium-sized firms' probability of winning procurement contracts significantly decreases when MEAT rather than lowest price is used as an evaluative criterion. Thus, evaluation in terms of MEAT increases large firms' bids and success rates; hence, this policy is counterproductive. The reasons SMEs are disadvantaged as a result of evaluations based on MEAT are, however, not examined in this paper and require further research.

  • 2990.
    Stamos, Elefteria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mogos, Sweet
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The Road to Japan: En studie om etableringsstrategier för svenska företag2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Japan is one of Sweden’s largest export markets with 127 million consumers and an interesting market for Swedish companies. The Japanese market has many obstacles and challenges and has previously been restrictive to foreign companies. Swedish SMEs usually have less capital and resources than large companies which can affect their choice of establishment strategies as well as the obstacles and challenges they encounter.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the entry strategies that Swedish companies can use to do business in Japan. Methodology: In this study, a qualitative method was used in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with a total of six informants. The interviews were conducted with three companies operating in Japan. The other three interviews were with a university lecturer and state / semi-governmental organizations.

    Conclusions: Obstacles that emerged in this study are non-tariff barriers such as complicated administrative procedures and laws and regulations, understanding of the Japanese business environment and high consumer demands. Challenges that have emerged are the Japanese language, high operational costs, the intensity of competition (mainly in the B2B-market), as well as long-term relationships and trust that take a long time to build. Origin and networks are something that should be taken into account as they can facilitate the entry in the Japanese market. Swedish origin is something that is appreciated in Japan and networks can help to utilize local knowledge and experience. Entry strategies that Swedish companies can use in Japan are direct or cooperative exports and intermediate modes such as joint venture. These entry strategies respect values such as trust and long-term relationships, which are essential for doing business in Japan.

  • 2991.
    Stanio, Mariola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Is there a dividing line between national security and human rights?: the Obama Administration's standpoint given to the Guantanamo prisoners in reference to three different ethical views2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Guantanamo issue refers to the classic question concerning the role of ethics in international relations. That is why the purpose of this research was to, by relating to the dilemma between national security and human rights, study the current Obama Administration's standpoint given to the Guantanamo prisoners in reference to three different ethical views.

    These three ethical views are Joseph Nye's innovative perspective on morality within international relations, which constitute the theoretical frameworks of this research and they are sceptics, state moralists and cosmopolitans. With help of the descriptive and explanation approaches within ideology and argumentation method, I studied speeches of the representatives of the Obama Administration as well as executive orders and reports which focus on the Administration's statements and decisions given to the Guantanamo issue.

    The analysis of the material in reference to the theorethical framework of this research, lead to a conclusion that the Obama Administration underlines the importance of both national security and human rights  given to the Guantanamo prisoners. Analysis of this research displays also that the Obama Administration has not change its line of argumentation since 2008 as well as the Administration's decisions are affected first and foremost by state moralist view point. 

  • 2992.
    Stanojevic, Goran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Keshavarz, Keivan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Börsnoteringars underprissättning och makroekonomiska faktorer: En kvantitativ studie om makroekonomiska faktorers inverkan på underprissättning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of underpricing has been studied during several years. Divided opinions occur on the origin and factors affecting the underpricing of IPOs. Sweden has experienced a record number of IPOs during the last couple of years, both big and small with different levels of underpricing. A report on global IPO-trends is published each quarter by Ernst & Young, where a number of macroeconomic factors are mentioned of potentially having an impact on global IPO-trends. Thereof a question arises, whether macroeconomic factors have an impact on un-derpricing of IPOs in Sweden.The aim of the study is to investigate if there is a correlation between underpricing and the macroeconomic factors GDP-growth, steering interest rate and changes in exchange rate for SEK/EUR and SEK/USD. In order to answer the studies formulated questions, a quantitative study was conducted. Through simple regression analysis the data collected from various sources was statistically processed to find a correlation between underpricing and the macroe-conomic variables. The correlation was then confirmed or ruled out from a theoretical and sta-tistical viewpoint by either accepting or rejecting the hypotheses of the study.The study confirmed an impact of the macroeconomic variables GDP-growth and changes in exchange-rate for SEK/EUR on the underpricing of IPOs. The study could not find a correlation between the variables steering interest rate and changes in exchange rate for SEK/USD.

  • 2993.
    Stanojkovic, Marko
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Salman, Marwan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Internationella fusioner: En studie om de svenska storbankernas globala fusioner2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is becoming increasingly common for banks to turn on acquisitions and mergers for global growth. Since banks are acting much more than only financial intermediary, while globalization is making large companies even greater, the demands are becoming higher on banks where they develop towards being universal, including broader range of products and customer segments. Great banks are central to the financial state and are tightly monitored and complex creatures. Acquisitions and mergers are likely to possess a large impact on a major bank, which later can affect the community in a greater degree than in other industries. International establishment of acquisition is generally faster and offers a more competitive edge than organic growth. However, many studies and scholars claim that an external growth method is rarely profitable and organic growth should therefore be preferred. Many scholars also argue that financial ratios do not improve in most cases. However, no consideration is taken if the goals behind M&A are directly financial or not.

    Purpose: To identify the effects that arise in international M&A, measured in financial ratios and to create a deeper understanding of the underlying factors, motives and objectives that are considered to be most important for Handelsbanken and Nordea in the choice of performing an internationally horizontal M&A.

    Method: Method triangulation is applied, which means that both a qualitative- and quantitative approach is applied. Global M&A between 1995-2013 preformed by Swedish banks have been observed and processed with quarterly reports in the quantitative method, in which ROE, ROA, ETA and ETR are calculated quarterly. Open interviews with essential respondents from Handelsbanken and Nordea are applied to answer the second aim in the study with a qualitative method.

    Conclusion: In Sweden's major banks, it cannot be stated with certainty that shareholders or management benefit from M&A. The return on equity and assets tend to diminish rather than grow, while the opposite occurs in the cost efficiency. If we analyse the banks individually, then Nordea stands for the most of a weakening in the financial ratios, but this is because Nordea prioritize a stronger bargaining power and a larger market share. This means growth explanations is the desired synergy effects and therefore financial targets are more long term than the Swedish Handelsbanken's where they want a financial improvement immediately. Generally, the cost efficiency does improve, but not the return on equity and assets. Individually, however, the results differ due to the banks different strategies and goals. However, the banks that improve the ratios most significantly are SEB and Swedbank.

  • 2994.
    Steen Rostad, Ingrid
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology; St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Danielsen Tvedt, Sturle
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Tevik Løvseth, Lise
    St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Physicians' Mental Health and Nationality Affect how Work Characteristics Influence Presenteeism2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2995.
    Stefan, Cako
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Foundational Myth of Russia: Explicating the puzzle behind the foundational myth of Russia and the construction of its contemporary geopolitics2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the construction of the contemporary Russian geopolitics through the usage of the foundational myth, better known as the Third Rome myth and the center of true Christianity. This is achieved through the analysis of four famous speeches by President Vladimir Putin. These speeches cover the two regions of Ukraine and Georgia, the former being to an internal audience and the latter to a foreign audience. Accompanied with examining the foundational myth, this dissertation also deliberates on how it is being utilized by Putin. In his reconstruction of a new Russia, one that synthesizes the old ideas of greatness alongside the new set of geopolitics. The aims to fulfill are: Firstly, to broaden our understanding of the present and future Russian geopolitics. Secondly, through usage of the myth to develop our understanding of the new environment surrounding hybrid warfare. And especially politics, in form of soft power, that play a significant role where insight can help prevent future conflicts. The method of analysis is of qualitative nature. Speech act by Austin and Searle is employed in order to gain an overview and enable the construction of semiotic squares, that in turn facilitate the actantial models by Greimas.

  • 2996.
    Stegervall, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Svennberg, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Miljömärkningar inom textilbranschen: Ur konsumentens perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify consumers knowledge and perceptions towards eco-labels in the textile industry and if they give an impression on their consumption. The study has been conducted with a quantitative approach through a questionnaire survey that is designed on the basis of a qualitative study. Earlier literature shows that standardized eco-labels are much better than stores own eco-labels since they are based on the criteria of an independent organization. Based on this study, a conclusion can be drawn that the standardized eco-labels are more recognized and reliable than store chains own, especially "Svanen" and "Bra Miljöval". Previous literature has shown that knowledge is an important contributing factor in reducing the environmental impact when consuming garments. Consumers want to make rational and conscious sustainable choices, but lack of information and knowledge about different eco-labels makes it difficult. This lack of awareness and knowledge is largely due to limitations in marketing strategies and branding of environmentally friendly labels. The study also confirms previous research that show that the biggest reason why consumers do not buy sustainable garments is because of lack of knowledge about its impact on the environment.

  • 2997.
    Steijer, Siri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Almqvist, Viktor
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vår tids ledare 1993 och 2013: en uppföljning av Lars Nords studie av svenska ledarsidor2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien följer upp vissa delar av Lars Nords avhandling Vår tids ledare (2001). Nord genomförde sina undersökningar 1993, alltså 20 år tidigare än denna studie. Vår studie utgick från frågeställningar om ledarskribenternas egenskaper, deras redaktionella produktionsvillkor och förhållande till de politiska partierna i dag och i jämförelse med år 1993. I studien undersöks även i vilken utsträckning ledartexterna behandlar lokala, nationella och internationella ämnen samt förekomsten av osignerade, signerade och signerade ledare med bylinebild. Studien utgick från teorier om journalistiska produktionsvillkor utformade av Kent Asp, Pamela J. Shoemaker & Stephen D. Reese, Armin Scholl & Siegfried Weischenberg samt Wolfgang Donsbach.

    Genom en enkätundersökning liknande den Nord genomförde, samt två olika analyser av ledartexter undersökte vi vad som skett på ledarsidorna sedan 1993. Resultatet visade att vissa förändringar skett. Banden till partierna har sannolikt försvagats då en betydligt lägre andel av tidningarna i dag ägs av partier. Dessutom har avsevärt färre ledarskribenter i dag partipolitiska uppdrag. Ledarskribenterna värderar aktualitet och nyhetsorientering i högre grad än 1993 och deras egna intressen styr i stor utsträckning deras ämnesval, vilket inte var fallet i Nords undersökning. Generellt ligger ett stort fokus vid ledarskribenterna i form av hög andel signerade ledare och signerade ledare med bylinebild. Skribenterna refererar också gärna till sig själva i sina texter. Även om skribenterna på många sätt närmat sig kolumnisterna, är den politiska profilen fortfarande ledarsidans djupt rotade skiljemärke. Kårens sammansättning är sig relativt lik och det verkar fortfarande vara främst nationella frågor som behandlas på ledarsidorna.

  • 2998.
    Sten, Ulrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    De Basso, Gabriel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Samspelet mellan varumärke och medarbetarnas föreställningar: En uppsats om hur Hemköps medarbetare ser på den interna varumärkeshanteringen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper observes intern branding and the relation between coworker and brand. It is a mapping study that investigates relations, variables and other factors that affect the integration between coworkers and brand, how they relate to each other. In terms of doing the study, the food chain Hemköp has participated for interviews. Store managers and team managers have been interviewed in different stores around Stockholm. The idea of the study comes from the lack of intern branding and that most literature and research focus on the external perspective, aimed at the costumer. Some researchers mean that it's time to rethink, it's time to look at the corporate brand as the main integrated factor that bring customer, coworker and corporate together. These researchers suppose that the future for an organization is based on how the corporate brand is integrated within the organization. If the corporate doesn’t work on the inside, it will not, in the long term, work on the outside. It requires loyal employees, a distinct communication and an integrated link between the corporate vision, coworker’s culture and customer’s image of the brand. Hemköps’s coworkers indicate within several areas that the intern brand is well operated, and their strategies can be straightened by the researcher’s theories. Hemköp has several loyal employees, excellent tools and planning for a well-functioning internal communication. There are some gaps that needs to be restructured, including how to get employees to stay and develop within the company.

  • 2999.
    Stengred, Anastasja
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Två nationalistiska gruppers effektivitet: En kvalitativ jämförande studie av Union of Russian people och Kuomitang under två historiska revolutioner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a qualitative case study comparing Union of the Russian people (URP) and Kuomintang (KMT). Both were active in the Russian revolution and the Chinese republican revolution. The aim of this study is to use three selected theories to examine how these two nationalistic groups played a role in respective revolutions. But also how the degree of institutionalization could explain why the Chinese revolution had a larger nationalistic impact. The theories in use will be a modernization theory of nationalism by Ernest Gellner, the second theory of institutionalization by Samuel P. Huntington and Crane Brinton’s theory about revolutions. This study shows that Ernest Gellner’s theory could explain the emergence of URP and KMT but not why nationalism were stronger in China during the revolution. The second and the third theories I use is combined together and shows that the degree of institutionalization is higher in Kuomintang’s case and that the break-even point can be seen in both of the cases in the crisis stage. The results of this study shows that the institutionalization model could explain to why the nationalistic tendencies were stronger in China than Russia during the revolutions.

  • 3000.
    Stenqvist, Emelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Waldemarsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Dokumentärfilmare - konstnär eller journalist?: En intervjustudie på hur dokumentärfilmare upplever sin yrkesroll sett utifrån de journalistiska idealen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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