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  • 251.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Heuristics of the Algorithm. Big Data, User Interpretation and Translation Strategies2015Ingår i: Big Data and Society, ISSN 2053-9517, E-ISSN 2053-9517, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 1-12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligence on mass media audiences was founded on representative statistical samples, analysed by statisticians at the market departments of media corporations. The techniques for aggregating user data in the age of pervasive and ubiquitous personal media (e.g. laptops, smartphones, credit cards/swipe cards and radio-frequency identification) build on large aggregates of information (Big Data) analysed by algorithms that transform data into commodities. While the former technologies were built on socio-economic variables such as age, gender, ethnicity, education, media preferences (i.e. categories recognisable to media users and industry representatives alike), Big Data technologies register consumer choice, geographical position, web movement, and behavioural information in technologically complex ways that for most lay people are too abstract to appreciate the full consequences of. The data mined for pattern recognition privileges relational rather than demographic qualities. We argue that the agency of interpretation at the bottom of market decisions within media companies nevertheless introduces a ‘heuristics of the algorithm’, where the data inevitably becomes translated into social categories. In the paper we argue that although the promise of algorithmically generated data is often implemented in automated systems where human agency gets increasingly distanced from the data collected (it is our technological gadgets that are being surveyed, rather than us as social beings), one can observe a felt need among media users and among industry actors to ‘translate back’ the algorithmically produced relational statistics into ‘traditional’ social parameters. The tenacious social structures within the advertising industries work against the techno-economically driven tendencies within the Big Data economy.

  • 252.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediating the Nation-State: Agency and the Media in Nation-Branding Campaigns2015Ingår i: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 9, s. 3065-3083Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Fornäs, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Fredriksson, M.
    Linköping University.
    Wirtén, E. H.
    Linköping University.
    Stead, N.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Introduction:¨Publishing for public knowledge2015Ingår i: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 558-564Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 254.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Digital distinctions: Mechanisms of difference in digital media use2015Ingår i: MedieKultur: Journal of Media and Communication Research, ISSN 0900-9671, E-ISSN 1901-9726, Vol. 31, nr 58, s. 30-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to understand the distinctive mechanisms of digital media use, seen in relation to cultural practices at large. The empirical material is a survey study of university students at the Business Administration, Media and Communication Stud-ies, Political Science and Philosophy departments at Södertörn University, Sweden. The empirical analysis deals with the students’ digital media use and preferences, and how these are related to their broader cultural practices and preferences. Spe-cific attention is paid to the webpages the students mention in the survey, and how these are distributed among the groups. By showing detailed information on these areas, the mechanisms of difference of digital media use are revealed.

  • 255.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Nationen som vara och gemenskap: Identitet, agens och publik inom nationsmarknadsföring2015Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 289-312Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 256.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Celebrity culture and audiences: a Swedish case study2015Ingår i: Celebrity Studies, ISSN 1939-2397, E-ISSN 1939-2400, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 54-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how media consumers of different age, gender and socio-economic backgrounds in Stockholm relate to and talk about celebrities and celebrity media. Based on 16 small focus groups with 17 year olds and 45–55 year olds, with male and female participants from working-class as well as academic backgrounds, I investigate a range of responses to celebrity content in connection with overall media developments in Sweden, in order to gain insights into what the contemporary cultural emphasis on celebrity can mean on an audience level within a particular context. Some of the pleasures gained from celebrity content but also elements of celebrity ‘hatred’ and experiences of media manipulation are explored. Likewise, some of the articulations of individual celebrities and celebrity media are discussed as interlinked with socially determined identity positions such as age, gender and social class.

  • 257.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Book Review: Renewing Feminisms: Radical Narratives, Fantasies and Futures in Media Studies: Helen Thornham Elke Weissmann (eds)2015Ingår i: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 508-510Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 258.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Genusskapande i digitalt musikbruk2015Ingår i: Mediers känsla för kön: feministisk medieforskning / [ed] Anja Hirdman; Madeleine Kleberg, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2015, s. 155-170Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 259.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Hedenström, Eva
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    How to achieve sustainable procurement for “peripheral” products with significant environmental impacts2015Ingår i: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, ISSN 1548-7733, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 21-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from previous theoretical and empirical studies on sustainable supply-chain management, we investigate organizational commitment (drivers and motivations) and capabilities (resources, structures, and policy instruments) in sustainable procurement of “noncore” products. By focusing on chemicals in textiles, the article explores the activi-ties of differently sized organizations and discusses the potentials and limitations of sustainable procurement measures. The study is based on a qualitative and comparative approach, with empirical findings from 26 case stud-ies of Swedish public and private procurement organizations. These organizations operate in the sectors of hotels/ conference venues, transport, cinema, interior design, and hospitals/daycare. While this work demonstrates major challenges for buyers to take into account peripheral items in sustainable procurement, it also identifies constructive measures for moving forward. A general sustainability/environmental focus can, as an effect, spill over to areas per-ceived as peripheral. © 2014 Boström et al.

  • 260.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Mediemoral i en digital värld2015Ingår i: Fragment / [ed] Bergström, A, Johansson B, Oscarsson H, Oskarsson M, Göteborg: SOM-institutet, Göteborgs universitet , 2015, 1, s. 551-559Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 261.
    Velkova, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Between decommodification and recommodification: negotiations of value in open-source cultural production2015Ingår i: Selected Papers from Internet Research 16: The 16th Annual Meeting of the Association of Internet Researchers, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors of this paper revitalize classic work on gift economies, exploring the ways in which the fiscal and moral economies are articulated together in commons-based production. Through a multi-sited ethnographic study of open source animation film-making communities tracing the movement between actors and objects across different regimes of value, the authors describe negotiated transitions from commons to commodity and back again. They argue that when engaging with producers’ own accounts of their community-based processes and the agonistic ethics holding sway there, we are better able to see the fluid dynamics of decommodification and recommodification taking place within commons production integrated into the commodity-based capitalist economic environment.

  • 262.
    Velkova, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Production of Difference and Commensurability Between Regimes of Value in Open Source Cultural Production2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the way in which producers of digital cultural commons use new production models based on openness and sharing to interact with and adapt to existing structures such as the capitalist market and the economies of public cultural funding. By an ethnographic exploration of two cases ofopen-source animation film production - Gooseberry and Morevna formed around the 3D graphics Blender and the 2D graphics Synfig communities we explore how sharing and production of commons generate values and relationships which trigger the move of producers, software and films between different fields of cultural production and different moral economies – those of the capitalist market, the institutions of public funding and the commons. Our theoretical approach expands the concept of 'moral economies' from critical political economy with 'regimes of value' from anthropological work on value production which we argue is useful to overcome dichotomous representations of exploitation or romanticisation of the commons.

  • 263.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Hammarlund, Johan
    di Grado, Stefan
    Kjellberg, Magnus
    Opinioner och offentligheter online: Vad gör en politisk utsaga framgångsrik? Den användardrivna kommunikationens villkor. Slutrapport2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Vad gör en politisk utsaga framgångsrik? Den användardrivna kommunikationens villkor” är ett ettårigt forskningsprojekt delfinansierat av Internetfonden, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Retriever AB, M-Brain AB samt Forsman & Bodenfors AB. Projektledare har varit Jonas Andersson Schwarz, som tillsammans med Johan Hammarlund, Stefan di Grado och Magnus Kjellberg har analyserat data från Twitter och rikspress i syfte att skapa ny kunskap om villkoren för politisk kommunikation i de sociala mediernas tidevarv. Huvudfokus har varit att undersöka vilka specifika faktorer som spelar in för delning av politiska tweets samt vilken typ av material från sociala medier som fångas upp av traditionella nyhetsmedier och vice versa. Samspelet mellan sociala medier och massmedier formar de bilder som görs av sociala medier i samhället, och omvänt: det formar de bilder som görs av massmedia likväl.

  • 264.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Little Patriotic War: Nationalist Narratives in the Russian Media Coverage of the Ukraine-Russia Crisis2015Ingår i: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 505-511Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 265.
    Feilitzen, Cecilia von
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Entrevista: Educação para a mídia na perspectiva das crianças e adolescentes2014Ingår i: Cadernos de debate da classificação indicativa: Volume 5 : Educação para a Mídia, Brasila: Ministério da Justiça , 2014, s. 14-21Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 266.
    Bönker, Kirsten
    et al.
    Bielefeld University, DE.
    Grampp, SvenFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, DE.Hammer, FerencELTE University, HU.Imre, AnikóUniversity of Southern California, USA.Lundgren, LarsSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.Mihelj, SabinaLoughborough University, UK.Mustata, DanaUniversity of Groningen, NL.Obertreis, JuliaFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, DE.Reifová, IrenaCharles University, CZ.
    Television Histories in (Post)Socialist Europe2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 267.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Från generationsmedvaro till medielabyrint: ungdomens medialisering i svensk radio och teve under sextio- och sjuttiotalet2014Ingår i: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, s. 315-341Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 268.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Death of the Mass Audience Reconsidered: From Mass Communication to Mass Personalisation2014Ingår i: Fernsehen: Europäische Perspectiven: Festschrift Prof. Dr. Lothar Mikos / [ed] Eichner, Susanne & Prommer, Elizabeth, Konstanz & München: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 269.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Between Two Democratic Ideals: Gendering in the Russian Culture of Political Journalism2014Ingår i: Women in Politics and Media: Perspectives from Nations in Transition / [ed] Maria Raicheva-Stover & Elza Ibroscheva, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, s. 115-130Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the attitudes of Russian journalists toward media representations of women politicians. It seeks to answer the following questions: How does the culture of political journalism influence gendering of women politicians? And what makes the Russian culture of political journalism unique when it comes to the coverage women politicians get? The chapter addresses the journalists’ interpretations of the low number of women politicians in media content, and turns to the journalists’ reasoning behind gender spotlighting and stereotyping. Highlighting the contradictions between the ideas, practices, and ideals present in the culture of the ‘quality’ political journalism in Russia, the chapter discusses how journalists envision the future of media representations of women politicians and how this relates to the problem of gender inequality in the political realm.

  • 270.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism: a comparative study of Russia and Sweden2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The news media are expected to provide equal space to female and male political actors, promoting the idea of equal access to political power, since they are recognized as a holder of power with a social responsibility to respect gender equality. However, as previous research shows, political news coverage is characterized by so-called “gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), i.e., gender imbalance, stereotypes, and a lack of discussions about gender inequality. Scholars point to media logic, organization, and individual characteristics of journalists as the main reasons for this pattern, but still very little is known about how and why gendered mediation is practiced and processed in political news.

    This dissertation focuses on gendering understood as the perceived imprint of gender on the media portrayal of politics and politicians, as well as the processes by which gendered representations materialize. By applying a perspective of comparative journalism culture studies (Hanitzsch 2007; Hanitzsch and Donsbach 2012), it examines the processes and modes of origin of gendering as they are perceived and experienced by journalists. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with 40 journalists working for the quality press in Russia and Sweden.

    The results show that the national culture of political journalism, and the context it is located within, are of crucial importance for understanding gendering and its modes of origin. Gendering may cause problems to the democratic development of society and the position of the quality press in it; however, it also offers a potential for promoting gender equality. The choice of the form of gendering does not fully depend on journalists. It depends on the contextual possibilities for journalists to fulfill the gender-ethical ideal of the quality outlet as long as they need to meet the demands of society and market, and to face the challenges of political communication.

  • 271.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Generationsskiftningar i mobillandskapet2014Ingår i: Mittfåra & marginal: SOM-undersökningen 2013 / [ed] Bergström, Annika & Oscarsson, Henrik, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2014, s. 229-237Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 272.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Shifting the focus from integration to inclusion in media research2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 273.
    von Feilitzen, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediated Violence and Related Risk Factors: Examples and Reflections2014Ingår i: Young People, Media and Health: Risks and Rights / [ed] Cecilia von Feilitzen & Johanna Stenerson, Gothenburg: The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media, University of Gothenburg, Nordicom , 2014, 1, s. 45-56Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 274.
    von Feilitzen, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stenersen, Johanna
    Young People, Media and Health : Risks and Rights.2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 275.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism: modes of origin2014Ingår i: Communication for Empowerment: Citizens, Markets, Innovations : 5th European Communication Conference : book of abstracts, Lissabon, Portugal: ECREA , 2014, s. 169-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1960-s, when gender media studies originated, a special attention of gender media scholars has been paid to the different aspects of political communication. “Gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), or “gendering”, of politicians and politics is considered to have a crucial influence both on the voter recognition of female and male candidates, and political participation of women and men. Scholars have provided potential reasons, which can explain the way women and men politicians, as well as the problem of the gender imbalance in political sphere are covered in political journalism (e.g. Braden 1996, Ross 2002, Falk 2008). Despite the media institution (its logic, organization, and individual characteristics of the media producers) being defined as the key “guilty party” of the patterns revealed by the scholars, journalists have remained silent producers of the assumed “gendered mediation”.

    This paper turns to the political journalists’ vision of the (gendered) media portrayal of politicians and politics. Its aim is to explore the reasons of gendering in quality press, as they are conceptualized by political journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in two different cultural and political contexts – in Russia and in Sweden. The choice of the cases is driven by the wish to define the similar and different elements in the journalists’ conceptions of the reasons of gendering in different political and cultural contexts, where the two cases work as an illustration of the global tendency of mediatization of politics. The study is based on forty semi-structured interviews with political and international reporters, department- and chief-editors working for the quality press in the two countries.

    Based on the analytical framework suggested by Hanitzsch (2007), the paper turns to the journalists’ conceptions of gendering in relation to their concern of the professional norms and ethical standards, institutional roles, and epistemological beliefs. The concluding discussion links gendering as a component of the national culture of political journalism and the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

  • 276.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendering in political journalism behind the curtains: journalists’ perspective2014Ingår i: Gender in Focus: (New) Trends in Media / [ed] Cabecinhas, Rosa et al., Braga: University of Minho , 2014, s. 88-88Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1960-s, when gender media studies originated, a special attention of gender media scholars has been paid to the different aspects of political communication. “Gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), or “gendering”, of politicians and politics is considered to have a crucial influence both on the voter recognition of female and male candidates, and political participation of women and men. Scholars have provided potential reasons, which can explain the way women and men politicians, as well as the problem of the gender imbalance in political sphere are covered in political journalism (e.g. Braden 1996, Ross 2002, Falk 2008). Despite the media institution (its logic, organization, and individual characteristics of the media producers) being defined as the key “guilty party” of the patterns revealed by the scholars, journalists have remained silent producers of the assumed “gendered mediation”.

    This paper turns to the political journalists’ vision of the (gendered) media portrayal of politicians and politics. Its aim is to explore the reasons of gendering in quality press, as they are conceptualized by political journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in two different cultural and political contexts – in Russia and in Sweden. The choice of the cases is driven by the wish to define the similar and different elements in the journalists’ conceptions of the reasons of gendering in different political and cultural contexts, where the two cases work as an illustration of the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

    Based on the analytical framework suggested by Hanitzsch (2007), the paper turns to the journalists’ conceptions of gendering in relation to their concern of the professional norms and ethical standards, institutional roles, and epistemological beliefs. The concluding discussion links gendering as a component of the national culture of political journalism and the global tendency of mediatization of politics.

  • 277.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gendernye reprezentatsii kak instrument privlecheniya chitatelej i reklamodatelej (na primere kachestvennoj pressy Rossii i Shvetsii) [Gender representations as a tool for attracting readers and advertisers: Russian and Swedish quality press]2014Ingår i: Гендер и СМИ [Gender and Media] / [ed] Olga Smirnova, Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2014, s. 117-129Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on gendered media representations as an instrument of getting economicbenefits and a tool of interaction with readers. Based on interviews with Russian and Swedish quality press’ employees, this study shows that gendered media representations are one of the resources of the quality press’ competitiveness on the media-market. However, the choice of the gendered representations, which attract both the audiences and advertisers, is strictly context-dependent.

  • 278.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Duckface/Stoneface: The social semiotics and gendering of selfies among 10 to 13 year old pupils in four Swedish schools.2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    My paper is based on qualitative results and reflections taken from a recently published Swedish study on social media, gaming and image communication among 10 and 13 year old in four schools in Stockholm (N 146). In my paper I focus on image communication and discuss two visual genres that exploded with camphones and the growing access to mobile internet, that is Selfies (self portraits) and Ussies (with friends). Over a short period of time these and other visual camphone-genres have become part of our increasingly mediatized everyday life (Hjarvard 2013) and the personal publishing genres that develop through networked publics online (Boyd 2010).

    Selfies and Ussies also seem to be an unavoidable part of contemporary peer to peer gender socialization, inside and outside school, and in line with R.W Connell (2002) I see these as part of the appropriation of gender (R.W Connell 2002) through the performance of gender (Butler 1999). This agency means investments and explorations in contemporary gender identity; in close intersection with heteronormativity and age.

    In relation to this a discussion of selfies as representations of a dominant gender order is appropriate, but I want to expand this through social semiotics (Kress 2010) as these images not only depicts a person, represents gender norms, and function as vehicles in impression management online/offline, selfies can also be seen as a form of communicative action taking place in the context of what Villi (2012) calls a ‘visual chit chat culture, where the photo opportunity, and the occasion, as well as possible reactions and comments (likes etc.) also are a part of the visual pragmatics. I addition to this I find it fruitful to see smart phones as relational objects (Turkle 2012) and personal interfaces between life offline (f.x. in school) and life online within individualized networks (Raine & Wellman 2012) connected to a wider participatory media culture (Jenkins 2006). Around this a set of practices are formed, and these can be understood through phenomenological and sociological perspective, as presented by Couldry (2012) and Moores (2012).

    My paper centers on results from 26 focus group interviews and two workshops. My results on one hand show strong connections between selfies produced by tweens and teens and gender stereotypes and essentialist conceptions of gender. On the other hand the indicate practices of production, distribution and reception that partly undermines traditional gender categorizations.

  • 279.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Duckface/Stoneface: Sociala medier, onlinespel och bildkommunikation bland killar och tjejer, i årskurs 4 och 72014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten Duckface/Stoneface redovisar bland närmare 150 barn i fyra stockholmsskolor i årskurs 4 och 7 gällande sociala medier, spel och bildkommunikation. Här ingår material från ett fyrtiotal intervjuer. Studien redovisar också två workshops. Rapportens utgångspunkter är genusteoretiska. Begrepp som performativitet och genustillägnelse, och teoretiker som Butler, Connell och Yvonne Hirdman är centrala. Detta kombineras med resonemang om medier som vardaglig praktik (Couldry) och sociosemiotiska perspektiv på bildkommunikation (Kress m.fl.). Rapporten visar hur barnens liv online och offline flätas samman genom smarta mobiler och andra medieting. Den visar också att det finns starka drag av genusbetingat isärhållande. Spel, sociala medier och bildkommunikation blir arenor för att tillägna sig genus genom ålders- och könsbunden socialisation.

  • 280.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    There must be one more sides to the coin: Countefeit as performance2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Our whorer of a King”. That was imprinted on coins that emerged around Sweden in the summer of 2012. This prank obviously played on widely spread rumors about the Swedish kings meetings with ‘coffee girls’ during private dinners with the Swedish (male) elites. The false coins impressed experts and left the media baffled. “The Royal Coin” became a prattle in mass media and social media during the summer news dry of 2012. Who was behind this?  And, most important: what was The message? These false coins did not seem to be part of an ordinary counterfeit; rather it seemed to be some sort of anti royal statement. Soon speculations about its begetter turned towards the art world. The man behind this performance came forward in a press conference held during an avantgarde art fair in Stockholm in September 2012. It turned out that the architect behind this intriguing set up came from the PR-sector, and he stated that it could not reasonably be his responsibility to declare ‘the meaning of this piece, being, as he said, an ’amateur artist’. The press conference gathered hordes of journalists, but they did not get their main question answered (What was your aim/What was your purpose?). After a while the instigator fled his own press conference, leaving the journalist astound. The media system was short circuited, and what was to follow was the media systems ultimate punishment: Silence.

    In this paper I will discuss ‘The Royal Coin’ as a performance, with reference to previous works of artists who have used ‘The media’ and its logics as a studio and stage (think Warhol) for their artistic work. In my discussion I use concepts taken from Jean Baudrillard, such as non event and objective irony, to pinpoint this (among others) strategy for avant gard(ish) techniques as a form of media criticism in a non escapable hyper reality. 

  • 281.
    Forsman, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Daquist, Ulf
    Statens medieråd.
    Medie- och informationskunnighet i Sverige: En kartläggning av aktörer2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten kartlägg ett stort antal aktörer som kan kopplas till medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK): departement, myndigheter, organisationer, intressesammanslutningar. Även public service och andra med verksamhet som avser informera, skydda och stimulera barn och ungas i deras medieanvändning tas upp. Några av rapportens huvudresultat är att det finns många aktörer inom MIK-området i dagens Sverige, att samordning och gemensamma begrepp saknas, och att det finns flera traditioner eller intresseorienteringar med delvis olikartade eller motsatta sätt att se på medier, barn, lärande. Ett spår i detta gäller digitalisering av skolan i syftet att modernisera och effektivisera undervisningen. En annan handlar om att skydda barn från mediers skadliga verkningar och risker förbundna med internet och sociala medier. Ytterligare en riktning har rötter i filmpedagogiskt tänkande och estetiska läroprocesser.

  • 282.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Radio för framtiden eller bildning i förfall?: Debatterna kring moderniseringen av tablåer och tilltal i Riksradions P1 1966-1986.2014Ingår i: Presshistorisk årsbok, ISSN 0282-020X, s. 71-84Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I början och mitten av 1980-talet fördes animerade debatter inom Sveriges Radio och i kommenterade press gällande omställningar av Riksradions kanalprofiler och programläggning. Främst handlade det om P1 och införandet av ”blockprogram” som God morgon Världen och ”journalistifieringen” av kulturprogram som Kulturnytt. På ett djupare plan gällde dessa debatter ett paradigmatiskt skifte i sättet att tänka och göra public service-radio. Det handlade om övergången från programbaserad och producentstyrd radio till kanalbaserad och tablåstyrd radio. I dessa diskussioner ställdes företagsstrategiska pragmatik (standardisering, kostnadseffektivitet, synergier etc.) mot den kreativa sidan av public service (originalitet) och centrala värdegrundsfrågor (bildning). I detta ställdes lyssnarsiffror och kanalprofileringar mot personlighet, variation och bildningsanspråk,

  • 283.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Rezension: Monika Djerf-Pierre, Mats Ekström (Hrsg.): A History of Swedish Broadcasting2014Ingår i: r:k:m: Rezensionen, Kommunikation, Medien, nr 15/7Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 284.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    MIK it2014Ingår i: Medie- och informationskunnighet i Norden: en nyckel till demokrati och yttrandefrihet : rapport från Nordiskt expertmöte i Stockholm den 2 oktober 2013 / [ed] Ulla Carlsson, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2014, s. 107-116Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar grundtankarna bakom konceptet medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK) och de diskussioner och argument som förts fram av Unesco och andra gällande MIK. Artikeln argumenterar för vikten av ett bildningsperspektiv på MIK- frågor.

  • 285.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediatization of popular culture2014Ingår i: Mediatization of Communication / [ed] Lundby, Knut, Berlin/Boston: Mouton de Gruyter, 2014, s. 483-504Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Popular culture is often understood as being linked to mass media and therefore also implicated in the idea of mediatization. Here this is discussed in four main steps. (1) First, key problems in the concept of mediatization are illuminated, with popular culture as a testing ground: if there is always such a mediatization process going on; when (in which periods) this process is particularly intense and how it develops over time (gradually or in leaps); where (in which world regions) it can be located; how it has any effects (if it follows a relatively fixed logic or is more diffuse); and what it affects in terms of societal spheres and levels of practice. (2) Second, four main dimensions of the concept of culture are distinguished – cultivation, life forms, aesthetics, and signifying practice – all of which are found relevant to mediatization. As media are cultural technologies of communication, there is a close link between mediatization and culturalization. (3) Third, popular culture is similarly divided into four main meanings, defining it as mass culture, people’s culture, low culture, or illegitimized culture. (4) On this basis, examples illustrate how mediatization processes affect popular culture through four main phases, each linked to a new demarcation of popular culture itself: graphic mediatization of common culture, print mediatization of low culture, audiovisual mediatization of media culture, and digital mediatization of what again is becoming a more or less indistinguishable common culture.

                Popular culture frequently appears to be one of the most media-saturated spheres or fields of modern societies. It is sometimes even identified with media culture, for instance when contrasted with fine arts and folk handicrafts, and defined through its reliance on mass mediated texts disseminated by cultural industries to dispersed polymorphous audiences all over the globe. This closeness between popular culture and media processes poses a challenge for any effort to more precisely scrutinize whether there is any escalating increase in this kind of media presence, which would deserve to be labeled mediatization.

                In order to bring some clarity to this slightly paradoxical situation, it is helpful to first make some conceptual groundwork. This chapter will first analyze how the concepts of media and mediatization relate to culture and culturalization. Then, a similar discussion follows of popular culture, leading up to an effort to draft a provisional sketch of key steps in the mediatization history of popular culture. This will finally also make it possible to return to the initial definition of mediatization and reconsider its very basis.

  • 286.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Hidden Assumptions and Implicit Normative Conclusions: a Constructivist Critique of the Research on Eastern Euro-visions : Narratives of Europe in the ESC2014Ingår i: Communication for Empowerment: Citizens, Markets, Innovations : 5th European Communication Conference : 12-15 November, Lisboa, Portugal : Book of Abstracts, Universidade Lusófona , 2014, s. 267-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union is looking for new narratives of Europe. But which was the old one and was there really just one? Do narratives of Europe in the so-called ‘new’ east Europe offer alternatives for redefining European identity? In order to approach these issues, this paper looks at how Europe is narrated in east European popular music, focusing the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC).

    A wide range of symbols struggle for identifying or signifying Europe (Fornäs 2012). The post-1989 EU enlargement has intensified such redefinition efforts. Popular music offers a fascinating field for such narrative identifications, with the ESC as an influential arena, linking cultural, social and political discourses. Music matters (Hesmondhalgh 2013) to people on many influential levels, combining emotive pleasure with social interaction in ways that offer rich resources for identifying practices. Being perhaps the most successful pan-European venture, the ESC is therefore an excellent source for investigating narratives of Europe.

    Written within an interdisciplinary project on east European ‘Narratives of Europe’, this paper analyses songs from ESC finals since 1989. Using a methodological model for analysing narratives, inspired by Genette (1972/1980), Ricoeur (1981) and Ryan (2004), it looks for who acts in a narrative (setup), what happens in which order (process), how or in what format the story is told (mode) and what identity it constructs for Europe (meaning).

    More than 70 songs were chosen, 40 of them from east Europe. Preliminary results in­dicate an overwhelming dominance of one master narrative of redemptive resur­rection, with a set of sub-variants. In other contexts than the ESC, popular songs may depict Europe as an eternally happy place or as falling from greatness into misery, but the ESC format strongly favours a narrative where Europe had a glorious past but then has been deeply torn by internal strife, wars and suffering, from which it now finally will recover by uniting in mutual co-operation and love. Some variants say little or nothing about the initial golden age, some less triumphantly place the resurrection as a dream for the future, and some east European song narratives add freedom from oppression to peace after internal war as core values, but the master narrative is never really abandoned.

    This resurrection narrative resonates with the founding myth expressed in EU’s key symbols. The inclusion of former Soviet Bloc countries into the European integration process has given new impetus to those founding narratives, and the ESC’s east European narratives indicate important continuities between the old and the new.

    While offering a methodological example of narrative analysis of media texts in the seldom-studied format of televised popular music, the paper also contributes to the understanding of how east European voices construct Europe’s history and future in the processes of transformation that challenge inherited ideas of what Europe means.

  • 287.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediatisation times2014Ingår i: Communication for Empowerment: Citizens, Markets, Innovations : 5th European Communication Conference : 12-15 November, Lisboa, Portugal : Book of Abstracts, Universidade Lusófona , 2014, s. 355-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the concept of change in mediatisation theory, bringing in the dimension of temporality in two supplementary ways. Mediatisation denotes a set of social changes in the interface between communications media and other societal spheres. It is thus a truly temporal phenomenon, but it remains unclear how it actually develops over time – and how it affects time.

    The paper first scrutinises alternative ways to understand the temporal coordinates of mediatisation processes, and to explore the affordances of different theorisations in this respect. What does it mean to describe mediatisation as a revolutionary time shift, break or leap? What are the implications of instead depicting it in terms of long-term evolutionary processes of restructuring transition? Comparisons are made with other concepts for various forms of social change, including modernisation, globalisation and individualisation. It is hardly possible to prove one temporal perspective to be ‘correct’, but I will rather reflect on their different implications, as they have repercussions on how mediatisation is understood in terms also of its range, causes and effects.

    There is also another, reverse side of the interrelation between time and mediatisation: namely how mediatisation affects the time-dimension itself: how communications media restructure time consciousness, historical understanding, remembrance and forgetting. This section of the paper will refer to how Ricoeur (in Time and Narrative, 1982–1985 and Memory, History, Forgetting, 2000) analyses different technologies for culturalising or ‘humanising’ time (but also space), by linking cosmic-objective-universal with experiential-subjective-lived time through the use of calendars, generational successions, documents, archives and other intersubjective tools that mediate between the internal and the external (and similarly for spatiality). Media technologies are central to such practices, and mediatisation processes are therefore a testing ground for understanding the two-way traffic between media and time: the cultural mediation of time and the historical mediatisation of society and culture: linking the changing cultural mediation of time – and thus the mediatisation of time – to the historical-temporal aspects of mediatisation processes, as they affect the understanding of temporality itself. The aim here is thus to explore mutual determinations of time and mediatisation, and the bilateral temporal coordinates of media-related social change.

    The paper builds upon discussions in the Scandinavian ‘Mediatisation Times’ network funded the National Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, and in my chapters in Mediatized Worlds (Hepp & Krotz, 2014) and Mediatization of Communication (Lundby, 2014).

  • 288.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Mediated Post-Soviet Nostalgia2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-Soviet nostalgia, generally understood as a sentimental longing forthe Soviet past, has penetrated deep into many branches of Russian popular culture in the post-1989 period. The present study investigates how the Soviet past has been mediated in the period between 1991 and 2012 as one element of a prominent structure of feeling in present-day Russian culture.

    The Soviet past is represented through different mediating arenas – cultural domains and communicative platforms in which meanings are created and circulated. The mediating arenas examined in this study include television, the Internet, fashion, restaurants, museums and theatre. The study of these arenas has identified common ingredients which are elements of a structure of feeling of the period in question. At the same time, the research shows that the representations of the past vary with the nature of the medium and the genre.

    The analysis of mediations of the Soviet past in Russian contemporary culture reveals that there has been a change in the representations of the Soviet past during the past twenty years, which roughly correspond to the two decades marked by the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin in the 1990s and of Vladimir Putin in the 2000s (including Dmitrii Medvedev's term, 2008–2012). The critical and reflective component that was present in representations of the Soviet past in the 1990s has slowly faded away, making room first for more commercial and then for political exploitations of the past. Building on Svetlana Boym's conceptual framework of reflective and restorative nostalgia, the present study provides an illustration of how reflective nostalgia is being gradually supplanted by restorative nostalgia.

    Academic research has provided many definitions of nostalgia, from strictly medical explanations to more psychological and socio-cultural perspectives. The present study offers examples of how nostalgia functions as a label in ascribing political and cultural identities to oneself and to others, creating confusion about the term and about what and who can rightly be called nostalgic.

  • 289.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    de Cleen, Benjamin
    Free University Brussels.
    Schwarzenegger, Christian
    University of Augsburg.
    Navigating “Academia Incognita”: The European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School and ECREA’s Young Scholars Network2014Ingår i: Media Practice and Everyday Agency in Europe / [ed] Leif Kamp, Nico Carpentier, Andreas Hepp, Ilija Tomanic Trivundža, Hannu Nieminen, Risto Kunelius,Tobias Olsson, Ebba Sundin, Richard Kilborn, Bremen: edition lumière , 2014, s. 23-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 290. Brown, Cecil
    et al.
    Dvinge, Anne
    Fadnes, Petter Frost
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Høyer, Ole Izard
    Mazur, Marilyn
    McEachrane, Michael
    Tchicai, John
    The Midnight Sun Never Sets: An Email Conversation about Jazz, Race and National Identity in Denmark, Norway and Sweden2014Ingår i: Afro-Nordic Landscapes: Equality and Race in Northern Europe / [ed] McEachrane, Michael, New York/London: Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 57-83Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In Denmark, Norway and Sweden, jazz went from being seen as radically foreign to become a seamless part of domestic culture. The conversation traces that development and displays how the national identities of these countries were, and still are, bound up with notions of race, ethnicity and culture. Yet, as the conversation also makes clear, ultimately it is a development that defies racial, ethnic or national boundaries.

  • 291.
    Forsman, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Siibak, Andra
    Employing Creative Research Methods with Tweens in Estonia and Sweden: Reflections on a Case Study of Identity Construction on Social Networking Sites2014Ingår i: Methods for Analyzing Social Media / [ed] Klaus Bredl, Julia Hünniger, Jakob Linaa Jensen, London: Routledge, 2014, s. 250-261Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 292.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Underhållning till döds?: Mediesatir som mediekritisk möjlighet2014Ingår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, 1:1, s. 95-120Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 293.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Capitalism: Current crisis and cultural critique2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 294. Alvares, Claudia
    et al.
    Cardoso, Gustavo
    Dahlgren, Peter
    Erstad, Ola
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Golding, Peter
    Nieminen, Hannu
    Sparks, Colin
    Splichal, Slavko
    Xinaris, Charis
    Media in Europe: New questions for research and policy2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 295.
    Forsman, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    En annan sida av myntet: Svensk mediekonst möter Jean Baudrillards samtidskritik2014Ingår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, 1:1, s. 121-145Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 296.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music Consumption Practices in the Age of the Cloud: Listening to Russia2014Ingår i: World of Media: Yearbook of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, ISSN 2307-1605, Vol. 2013, s. 39-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The cross-cultural study ”Music in the Digital Age”  focuses on the impact of the Internet on music in everyday life. This article presents the first results from the Russian segment of the study: we look into how the growing Internet access affects the patterns of music-related practices in Russia.  Music is now ubiquitous in the everyday life of young people. It is strongly incorporated in the daily routine, and it is primarily associated with mood regulation and adaption to urban environments. Predictably, the effects of broad access to music result in the integration of online and offline-activities related to music. However, we also observe a contrast of the utilitarian effects of wide access, and the growing demand for materiality and privacy in music.

  • 297.
    Kaun, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Fast, Karin
    Mediatization of culture and everyday life2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The report Mediatization of Culture and Everyday Life commissioned by the sector committee Mediatization of culture and everyday life of the Riksbanken Jubileumsfond provides a comprehensive overview of current Swedish mediatization research focusing on culture and everyday life in and beyond the field of media and communication studies. Based on a broad mapping of research projects financed in Sweden that are tackling questions of media-related change, the report provides insight into a still evolving area of investigation. The two parts of the report firstly provide a discussion of the state of the art of mediatization research and a review of relevant Swedish research projects to secondly present a number of outstanding research environments engaging in research of mediatization of culture and everyday life. The report concludes with outlining topics that have been overlooked in the area so far. Especially the discussion of temporal aspects of media-related change is pointed out as a gap in current research efforts.

  • 298.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediekritikens funktioner för den journalistiska praktiken2014Ingår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, 1:1, s. 173-193Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 299.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediekritik2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 300.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Online File Sharing: Innovations in Media Consumption2014 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book summarizes the role that The Pirate Bay has played during the last decade, but also connects the history of this infamous site with the emergence of legal services such as Spotify. The book also serves as an up-to-date summary of various strands of research on file sharing—particularly, user motivation and justification.

     — 

    It is apparent that file sharing on the Internet has become an emerging norm of media consumption—especially among young people. This book provides a critical perspective on this phenomenon, exploring issues related to file sharing, downloading, peer-to-peer networks, "piracy," and (not least) policy issues regarding these practices. Andersson Schwartz critically engages with the justificatory discourses of the actual file-sharers, taking Sweden as a geographic focus. By focusing on the example of Sweden—home to both The Pirate Bay and Spotify—he provides a unique insight into a mentality that drives both innovation and deviance and accommodates sharing in both its unadulterated and its compliant, business-friendly forms.

     — 

    Online file sharing does not only entail music files but movies, software, and e-books alike. The phenomenon has been an integral part of online life for more than a decade. From my own and other researchers' findings it is apparent that unregulated file sharing is an emergent norm—if not even a new condition to media consumption—especially among young people. In countries like the US, the UK, Sweden, and South Korea, access to high-speed broadband is commonplace; both file sharers who I have interviewed and those who speak out in online forums hold that file sharing is as natural an element online as trees would be in the forest. This original and thought-provoking book critically summarizes debates on this topic, on a level which is approachable to undergraduates, yet useful for postgraduates and senior scholars as well. The book is based on a novel approach that fuses close-range, micro observations of user behavior and reasoning with macro perspectives of political economy and infrastructural features of digitization. Through exploring the reflexive management of the self, found among media audiences, insights into more innovative modes of management in the media industries are elicited. Through merging an ontological inquiry (popularized by theorists such as Bruno Latour) with an economics of complexity and networks (popularized by theorists like Manuel Castells) new insights into both online sociality, media anthropology, and modes of accumulation can be sought. The continuity between Spotify and illegal file sharing is explored through a critical account that examines the discourses of both file sharers and industry stalwarts. Tendencies towards "information idealism" and "networked accumulation" are scrutinized; they are found to be endemic among actors striving to extract value from online, granular dissemination. In the first place, the book would suit undergraduates on courses in media and communications—especially undergrad courses in new media, and the sociology of the Internet. The book can be seen as a critical introduction, a historical overview, as well as a case study of file-sharing—explaining the infrastructures, the particular modes of media use involved; ultimately, sketching out a political economy of unregulated file-sharing, based on the current historical record, listing some observed economic repercussions, alongside potential future ones. A major secondary market would be postgraduate students, Ph.D. students, researchers, and lecturers. The great appeal with this book is that it would be of interest to several groups within academia. It would appeal both to scholars of my own subject, media and communications (especially, the history and sociology of new, digital media)—but it would appeal also to scholars of science and technology studies (STS), since the topic raises numerous interesting questions about the nature of technology, the complexity of agency and morality, while simultaneously offering a "case study," and thus some specificity in an otherwise broad, slippery subject.

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