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  • 251.
    Hansson, Madeleine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Inte bara ett inkluderande: En kvalitativ studie av transpersoners representation i modekampanjer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Under året 2015 lanserades det två modekampanjer i Sverige som fick stor medialuppmärksamhet. Först ut var Åhléns med sin modekampanj Vårmod, kollektionen lanserades under våren 2015, frontfiguren för denna lansering var modellen och transpersonen Lea T. Under hösten samma år lanserade H&M ägda & Other Stories sin kollektion The Gaze & Other Stories, för denna kollektion var både frontfigurerna och produktionsteamet bakom transpersoner. Att två så stora och väletablerade företag valde att använda sig av transmodeller vid lanseringen av sina senaste klädkollektioner var något helt nytt, både för den nationella och internationella marknaden. I en av artiklarna som publicerades efter att & Other Stories lanserat sin kampanj kunde vi läsa: “Världens första modekampanj av och med transpersoner” (Lacis 2015).

    Mitt syfte med denna studie var att utifrån de här modekampanjerna undersöka och skapa en djupare förståelse för hur transpersoner upplever användningen av transpersoner i modekampanjer. I studien ville jag undersöka om det råder någon diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner och hur mottagnarna tolkar modekampanjerna. Med hjälp av Stuart Halls teori encoding/decoding redogörs först för de intentioner som låg bakom och formade produktionerna (encoding), för att sedan sätta dessa i relation till hur bemötandet och responsen kring dessa produktioner såg ut hos mottagarna (decoding). Följande frågeställningar var utformade för att besvara syftet: 1) Vilka intentioner ligger bakom och formar modekampanjerna? 2) Hur tolkar informanterna modekampanjerna? 3) Hur kan man utifrån Stuart Halls encoding/decoding teori undersöka om det råder en diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner och informanternas tolkningar av dessa modekampanjer?

    Studiens teoretiska ramverk har sin utgångspunkt i teorier om heteronormativitet, maktutövning, jagbildning, medierad verklighet, representation och encoding/decoding. Det empiriska materialet är insamlat genom tre enskilda djupintervjuer, där samtliga informanter kände sig bekväma med att definiera sig själva som transpersoner. Två av intervjuerna skedde face-to-face och en skedde över telefon.

    I encoding delen redogörs det för de intentioner producenterna hade med modekampanjerna, intentionerna var att bredda bilden av transpersoner och vad som är vackert (Hansson & Fridh 2015, Törner 2015).  I decoding delen framgår det att informanterna anser att det generellt råder goda avsikter med dessa modekampanjer och att det är roligt att transpersoner inkluderas och uppmärksammas. Dock kan man urskilja att det råder en diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner att bredda bilden av transpersoner och hur informanterna tolkar denna representation. I informanternas avkodning finns det en ambivalens, informanterna ifrågasätter modekampanjernas utformningar och hur de valt att gestalta modellerna. De anser att den textliga diskursen i kampanjerna är bristfällig då ingen djupare redogörelse för personerna, deras transformering eller begreppet trans ges. Dessutom ifrågasätter de gestaltningen, att den sker utifrån ett heteronormativt synsätt där det råder en tvåkönsnorm, en gestaltning som är vanligt förekommande när transpersoner representeras i mediala sammanhang. Detta resulterar i att även om transpersonerna visas upp och uppmärksammas i en ny kontext i de här kampanjerna så är gestaltningen ändå inom ramarna för den representation som de vanligtvis figurera i. Gestaltningen utifrån en tvåkönsnorm resulterar även i att informanterna har svårt att relatera till representationen, dessutom genererar gestaltningen en ensidig bild av begreppet gentemot allmänheten. Informanterna ser denna typ av representation som en del i den rådande okunskapen som finns för transpersoner i samhället. 

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  • 252.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Lockne, Erika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Problems and potential solutions to effective communication among stakeholders in the Baltic Sea shipping for reduced air pollution: Outcomes from a survey2013Inngår i: Clean Shipping Currents, ISSN 2242-9794, Vol. 2, nr 5, s. -33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the results of a web survey distributed to stakeholders in the Baltic Sea marine sector regarding environmental communication on air pollution from shipping. The survey was carried out in the spring and summer of 2012. Drawing on the literature on risk communication and environmental governance, the main focus was placed on so-called communication barriers, that is, possible hindrances to effective communication among stakeholders on how to reduce air pollution without threatening sector competitiveness. The results show that although there is a dense networking among stakeholders in this sector, there is a demand for improvements in communication in (a) exploratory phases among broad groups of stakeholders and (b) operational phases among selected groups of e.g. business and research teams. To facilitate the emergence of such improved communication, regional organizations such as HELCOM and EU could play important roles. Furthermore, it is shown that there is a perceived need among many stakehold­ers to step up the involvement of certain stakeholders, for example fuel companies, in collabora­tion on how to reduce pollution from shipping in cost-efficient ways. Finally, the results show that although continuous improvements of international regulation is a vital part of the governance of the marine sector, compliance will suffer if operators’ incentives are too strong in favor of not con­tributing to reduced pollution levels. Therefore, there is a strong need for innovative thinking on how to design such incentive schemes, not the least in relation to the continued implementation of Baltic Sea SECA and NECA as well as of the Baltic Sea Action Plan.

  • 253.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Saunders, Fred
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance: The case of fisheries and nutrient runoff from agriculture to the Baltic Sea, Synthesis report2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Over-fishing and eutrophication (too much nutrients) are among the most severe threats to the ecosystems of the Baltic Sea and the ecosystem services they provide. Despite the well-known fact that effective and sustainable management requires cooperation – among as well as within states – appropriate frameworks that work have not yet been constructed and successfully applied. This report summarises findings from a research project on cooperation for sustainable marine governance of the Baltic Sea carried out between 2013 and 2018. Three aspects of central relevance for the understanding of regional cooperation in environmental governance are distinguished: interests, knowledge and management. It is shown that it is not enough to design cooperative arrangements that make the group of users, stakeholders or states better off than without such an arrangement. It is furthermore required that all actors have individual interests to participate, and that free-riding on others’ contributions can be controlled. When this is not the case, effective abatement of eutrophication is not likely to be forthcoming, even though aggregated benefits from such measures are larger than expected costs.

    Knowledge often play important roles in marine environmental governance, not least in relation to so-called epistemic communities, that is, groups of experts that share a common understanding of the environmental problem at hand, and how to address it. It is shown that the coherence of the epistemic group can be a crucial factor influencing its impact. In both abatement of eutrophication and management of fish stocks, these expert groups have been somewhat divided, which has limited their impact.

    Modes of management can influence cooperation and outcomes in ways that can be difficult to predict. Although environmental taxes and subsidies are powerful policy instruments in contemporary governance, they must be carefully crafted to fit into exiting norms and contexts to be effective. It is shown that monetary incentives targeting farmers’ use of fertilisers tend not to be effective when they are at odds with deeply held norms on what constitute a “good farmer”. 

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    Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance: The case of fisheries and nutrient runoff from agriculture to the Baltic Sea, Synthesis report
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  • 254.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Lockne, Erika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Communication among maritime stakeholders: Problems and solutions in the field of ship’s air emissions2013Inngår i: Pan-Baltic Manual of Best Practices on Clean Shipping and Port Operations / [ed] Breitzmann, K-H and M. Hytti, Turku: Union of the Baltic Cities , 2013, s. 98-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 255.
    Hersi, Mohammed
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Collateral Damage: En studie om representationen av drönarattacker i amerikanska nyhetsinslag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Drönare är ett relativt nytt och kontroversiellt krigsverktyg som har skördat många oskyldiga liv. Trots det har dess användning inte problematiserats mycket inom media. Denna uppsats behandlar instanser där civila har omkommit och undersöker hur nyheten byggs upp visuellt och narrativt kring dessa event. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka ifall det finns en avsaknad av lidande när det kommer till USA-baserad rapportering av dessa instanser då civila dör på grund av drönare. Med hjälp av Chouliarakis teorier om hyper-medialisering, ”tid-rum” och agens har jag kunnat bygga en egen analysmodell som sedan har använts för att analysera tre orelaterade attacker. Resultatet visar att det finns en avsaknad av lidande i vissa former av rapporteringar beroende på vilken relevans händelsen har för åskådarna. Med det menas att ju närmare offren är åskådarna kulturellt och geografiskt, desto mer fokus läggs på att skapa närhet mellan åskådare och offer. 

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  • 256.
    Holovko, Iryna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Volunteering for the nation: Volunteering as a tool of nation branding during the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 in Ukraine2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There have been a lot of studies dedicated to investigating nation branding as a set of political discourses and practices deploying analysis of objects of symbolic nature: logotypes, brand books, slogans and commercials. The present thesis aims to study nation branding as a form of communicative labour through investigating volunteering as a form of media work that is used as a tool of the nation branding campaign in Ukraine during the Eurovision Song Contest in 2017. By using the theoretical concepts of nation branding, values and motivations of free labour in media industries, the thesis analyses the role of volunteers in the nation branding campaign during ESC 2017, volunteering as a specific form of media work and the motivation tools employed by the organisers and volunteers themselves to make sense of their involvement in the event. The analysis suggests that the roles assigned to volunteers as bearers of the nation brand are of great importance but the volunteers’ understanding of this process is rather confused and blurred. Another point highlighted in the thesis is how is volunteering was organised in terms of training and motivation on the side of organisers and what kind of motivations were of the crucial significance to volunteers themselves.

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  • 257.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ideologies of the Self: Constructing the Modern Ukrainian Subject in the Other's Modernity2016Inngår i: Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal, ISSN 2313-4895, Vol. 3, s. 89-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial theory has recently come under critique as an interpretative scheme applied to Eastern Europe and particularly Ukraine. However, a closer look suggests that the critique applies only to some aspects of the approach, such as a focus on power relations and representations, while the key question should be rephrased as whether the Ukrainian subject was constituted as a colonial subject. A range of empirical material from 1920s Ukrainian discourses, both Soviet and émigré, is analyzed to shed light on how Ukrainians constructed their subjectivity as “a site of disorder” (Dipesh Chakrabarty), splitting themselves into uncultured peasant masses to be modernized and erased as a voiceless subaltern subject, on the one hand, and modernizing elites, on the other. This split can be understood as an epitome of the colonial condition.

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  • 258.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Umeå universitet.
    In pursuit of Kairos: Ukrainian journalists between agency and structure during Euromaidan2019Inngår i: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, nr 1, s. 4-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I examine the role of journalists during Euromaidan in November 2013–February 2014. The conceptualization of a specific case of power, the media power (found in works by Bolin, Couldry, Curran, Hjarvard, Mancini, Zelizer, and others) basically oscillates between two extremes – that of regarding the media as heteronomous of the political field and that of arguing that the media increasingly influence other fields through processes of mediatization. What is the role of journalists in power relations? Under which conditions is the power of journalists – and their agency – likely to grow? This article presents the results of a series of interviews with Ukrainian journalists who covered the events of Euromaidan in different capacities. Validated with other evidence, their narratives suggest a positive power dynamic for the Ukrainian journalists during the protest events.

  • 259.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Kyiv, Ukraine. The City of Domes and Demons from the Collapse of Socialism to the Mass Uprising of 2013-20142016Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 68, nr 9, s. 1617-1619Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 260.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Little Patriotic War: Nationalist Narratives in the Russian Media Coverage of the Ukraine-Russia Crisis2015Inngår i: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 505-511Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 261.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediated Europes: Discourse and Power in Ukraine, Russia and Poland During Euromaidan2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on mediated representations of Europe during Euromaidan and the subsequent Ukraine–Russia crisis, analysing empirical material from Ukraine, Poland and Russia. The material includes articles from nine newspapers, diverse in terms of political and journalistic orientation, as well as interviews with journalists, foreign policymakers and experts, drawing also on relevant policy documents as well as online and historical sources.

    The material is examined from the following vantage points: Michel Foucault’s discursive theory of power, postcolonial theory, Jürgen Habermas’s theory of the public sphere, Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory, Jacques Derrida’s hauntology and Ernesto Laclau’s concept of the empty signifier. The methods of analysis include conceptual history (Reinhart Koselleck), critical linguistics and qualitative discourse analysis (a discourse-historical approach inspired by the Vienna school) and quantitative content analysis (in Klaus Krippendorff’s interpretation).

    The national narratives of Europe in Ukraine, Russia and Poland are characterised by a dependence on the West. Historically, these narratives vacillated between idealising admiration, materialist pragmatics and geopolitical demonising. They have been present in each country to some extent, intertwined with their own identification.

    These discourses of Europe were rekindled and developed on during Euromaidan (2013–2014). Nine major Ukrainian, Russian and Polish newspapers with diverse orientations struggled to define Europe as a continent, as the EU or as a set of values. Political orientation defined attitude; liberal publications in all three countries focused on the positives whereas conservative and business newspapers were more critical of Europe. There were, however, divergent national patterns. Coverage in Ukraine was positive mostly, in Russia more negative and the Polish perception significantly polarised.

    During and after Euromaidan, Ukrainian journalists used their powerful Europe-as-values concept to actively intervene in the political field and promote it in official foreign policy. This was enabled by abandoning journalistic neutrality. By comparison, Russian and Polish journalists were more dependent on the foreign policy narratives dispensed by political elites and more constrained in their social practice.

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    Mediated Europes: Discourse and Power in Ukraine, Russia and Poland During Euromaidan
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  • 262.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Narratives at war: Representations of Europe in news media of Ukraine, Russia and Poland during Euromaidan2017Inngår i: Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2017, s. 93-132Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 263.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Perceptions of the EU in Eastern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa: Looking in from the Outside2016Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 68, nr 8, s. 1457-1458Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 264.
    Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Palko, O.
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
    Righting the writing. The power dynamic of Soviet Ukraine language policies and reforms in the 1920s-1930s2017Inngår i: Studi Slavistici, ISSN 1824-761X, E-ISSN 1824-7601, Vol. 14, s. 67-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Righting the Writing. The Power Dynamic of Soviet Ukraine Language Policies and Reforms in the 1920s-1930s The first post-revolutionary decades became decisive for the development of the Ukrainian language, national culture and identity. The Ukrainian language, previously subject to a number of bans, finally entered the stage of intensive status and corpus planning. Thanks to this, it became a decisive factor in the rivalry between different forms of statehood vying on the Ukrainian territory after 1917. At the same time, the status upgrade and broader public use called for the standardisation of the language. The first practical steps towards the unification of different orthographic traditions were undertaken from 1918 to 1921. The turbulence of civil war, however, determined the failure of comprehensive language reform. Calls for linguistic unification gained new force in the second half of the 1920s: with the introduction of Ukrainizacija, the local variant of the all-Union nationalities policy of korenizacija introduced in 1923, the Ukrainian language was acknowledged as the means to the republic’s Sovietisation. This was part and parcel of the Soviet "affirmative action empire" (Terry Martin) which had to contain the 1917-1921 rise of nationalism of the empire’s minorities. Locally, the elites had to negotiate their own interests and the centre’s demands. How exactly do the debates on the "correct" codification of the language and the actual steps towards different ideals reflect the changing power dynamic between the centre and the republics in the interbellum ussr This is the problem this study sets out to tackle using the example of Soviet Ukraine. The paper explores the link between language and politics in Soviet Ukraine in the 1920s and 1930s. While examining the political preconditions for the language policies in Ukraine, significant attention will also be devoted to the specifics of the 1928 spelling reform and its reception by the general public in Ukraine and abroad. In general, it is argued that in the Soviet Union language was often used as a tool of political consolidation, and the power struggle between different visions of the future of the republics can be seen in debates and reforms of language. Hence, the correlation between Soviet language policies and the subsequent Sovietisation (or Russification) is highlighted. The subsequent debates around the status of the Ukrainian language, its orthography and vocabulary exposed the unbridgeable differences between the political elites in the republic and powers in Moscow. The draft of the new orthography was thoroughly discussed by academics and linguists, representing different parts of Ukraine and the final draft was publicly discussed republic-wide. The spelling reform, adopted in 1929, can rightly be regarded as one of the greatest achievements of Ukrainizacija. This newly-acquired status was significantly challenged by the centralisation drive of the Moscow party leadership. This orthography, widely known as ’skrypnykivka’ (after the then Commissar for Education Mykola Skrypnyk) or ’Charkiv orthography’ was attacked for its attempts to dissociate the Ukrainian language from Russian and ’westernise’ the language. After 1933, the main principles of the spelling reform were labelled ’nationalistic’. The reform was quickly abandoned. Furthermore, after 1937, all the corpus planning attempts were geared towards ’purifying’ the Ukrainian language from foreign influence, when Russian equivalents and cognates were introduced or prioritised. © 2017 Author(s).

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  • 265.
    Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Umeå universitet.
    Prymachenko, Yana
    Institute of history of Ukraine, National Academy of Science of Ukraine.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Historia.
    Shared history in shattered spaces: Mediatisation of historical scholarship in Ukraine and broader Eastern Europe2019Inngår i: Ideologies and Politics, ISSN 2227-6068, Vol. 3, nr 14, s. 129-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the increasing adoption of media logic and the corresponding change of habitus in the field of academic history in Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on Ukraine. Departing from both mediatisation theory and memory studies, authors consider a range of relevant phenomena from across the region, before considering in more depth the case of LikBez, a grassroot initiative of Ukrainian historians, aimed at debunking historical myths spread both inside and outside Ukraine. The amalgamation of historical knowledge and multiple media platforms to convey it, it is argued, ushers in the era of mediatisation of history. 

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  • 266.
    Hägglund, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Smart Home: Logistical media, infrastructure and practiced places2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis in media and communication studies explores the concept of the smart home, which by various industries within communication, information and energy business alongside property developers is expected to be the model for future living, housing and infrastructure development. Departing from a theoretical framework highlighting media and infrastructure as temporal and spatial phenomena, the analysis shows how the smart home arranges and manages both means of time and space due to its saturation of information technologies in the form of sensors, applications and data visualizations. The result of the study suggests that the smart home could be understood as a logistical medium, although the temporal bias present in the expectations on future living suggests that the purpose of the smart home is to sustain a flow of logistics and capital both over space and over time; the latter in terms of sustainability.

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    The Smart Home: Logistical media, infrastructure and practiced places
  • 267.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Från potlatch till techlash: om regleringen av digitala plattformar2019Inngår i: Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin / [ed] Peter Jakobsson; Fredrik Stiernstedt, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, s. 135-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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    Från potlatch till techlash: om regleringen av digitala plattformar
  • 268.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Lev Manovich: The Language of New Media (2001)2020Inngår i: Medievetenskapens idétraditioner / [ed] Stina Bengtsson; Staffan Ericson; Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, s. 373-387Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 269.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Radikal mediekritik2014Inngår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, 1:1, s. 53-71Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 270.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Arbetarklassens symboliska utplåning i medelklassens medier2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport redovisas resultat från den existerande forskningen – både i Sverige och internationellt – kring relationerna mellan samhällsklass och medier. Bland annat ser vi att arbetarklassen är kraftigt underrepresenterad och osynliggjord – den undanhålls både röst och erkännande – i svenska medier och att avsaknaden av representation i medierna kan leda till en (berättigad) känsla av osynliggörande som i sin tur kan ligga till grund för ett avståndstagande från medierna. Vidare ser vi att klasserna är betydligt mer ”segregerade” i televisionens genresystem i dag än vad som var fallet för 35 år sedan; arbetarklassen har i det närmaste försvunnit från nyheter och faktaprogram och återfinns istället huvudsakligen i film, drama och reality-program. Just reality-tv ger dramatisk form till dominerande ideologier som på samma gång exploaterar klass – för att skapa narrativ dramatik – och förnekar eller undertrycker frågan om klass och klasskonflikter. Inte minst gestaltas personer från arbetarklassen på ett stereotypt, nedsättande och hånfullt sätt. Avsaknad av röst och erkännande kan blockera formeringen av klassidentitet och minska arbetarrörelsens möjligheter att organisera sig och formera sig för politisk kamp. Vad gör dagens svenska arbetarrörelse på detta område?

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Arbetarklassens symboliska utplåning i medelklassens medier
  • 271.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, FredrikSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den tionde april 2019 fyllde professor Göran Bolin 60 år. Vänner och kollegor inom medie- och kommunikationsvetenskapen i Sverige och utomlands tog tillfället i akt och förärade honom denna bok.

    Bidragen i boken tar upp en rad olika teman och ämnen som på olika sätt anknyter till Görans gärning: Här återfinns texter om mediegenerationer, medialisering, fält och kulturell produktion och vår förhoppning är att den återger något av den spännvidd som finns i dagens medievetenskapliga forskning. Vi hoppas också att bokens kapitel i någon mening fångar den slags medievetenskap som vi uppfattar att Göran står för: En medievetenskap som kombinerar samhällsvetenskapliga och humanistiska traditioner, en empirisk, kritisk forskning som närmar sig tidens stora frågor med ett historiskt grundat och teoretiskt välinformerat perspektiv.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fritt från fältet: Om medier, generationer och värden. Festskrift till Göran Bolin
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 272.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Naturalizing Social Class as a Moral Category on Swedish Mainstream Television2018Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 81-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of how social class is constructed as a moral category on Swedish mainstream television. Practices of categorisation by the media is an important area of study since these practices are part of a process of co-construction of social categories that are offered to media users as cognitive tools and frames for navigating the social landscape. Based on a content analysis of television in Sweden, we show that the medium of television categorises people appearing on television along the social divisions of class and constructs class as a moral category, with a lower moral value assigned to the working class in comparison to the middle and upper class

  • 273.
    Jakobsson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voice, silence and social class on television2018Inngår i: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 522-539Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of voice is a central and timeless political issue. Who gets to speak? Who is silenced? Who is listening? One of the main arenas for voice in modern, advanced democracies is the media. Media infrastructures, technologies, institutions and organizations are a precondition for political voice in large-scale societies, but are also an important factor in distributing the possibilities for voice among different groups and sectors of the population. In this article, we take on the question of voice in relation to social class and aim to analyse how the medium of television gives voice to people from different social classes. This study operationalizes the theoretical notion of voice by asking the following questions: who has the opportunity to appear and speak on television, to whom do they speak and under what circumstances does this communication occur? Based on a content analysis of television in Sweden, the results from this study show that voice is distributed in a highly unequal manner. It also shows that the relations enacted by television appearances conform to the social hierarchy. Whereas people from the ruling class frequently speak to people from the working and middle classes, they are rarely spoken to by members of a class that is positioned below their own. Television thus constructs a social hierarchy of voice and authority that reproduces and legitimizes already existing social hierarchies.

  • 274.
    Johansson, Bengt
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    On-Line Life in a Commercialised World: The Commodification of Mediated Social Relations2016Inngår i: Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression / [ed] Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016, 1, s. 141-151Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Media usage has always included aspects of commodification. The media audience has been targeted as a recipient of advertising when watching (commercial) TV or reading newspapers. The advent of the Internet has further developed this commodification of the media audience. In many ways, everyday space is becoming more commercial in its organisation, citizens are being transformed into consumers and, in the long run, free speech conducted online is not free as it will be tracked, saved and used for commercial purposes. This chapter draws on a Swedish national representative survey asking re- spondents about their views on different aspects of commodification of their life online. The results indicate a rather sceptical view towards different forms of commodification related to Internet use among Swedish citizens. However, younger respondents, those with liberal market values and frequent Internet users embrace a more permissive view of a more commodified media environment. Two avenues are suggested for resisting such developments, targeting media producers and users. 

  • 275.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Book Review: Renewing Feminisms: Radical Narratives, Fantasies and Futures in Media Studies: Helen Thornham Elke Weissmann (eds)2015Inngår i: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 508-510Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 276.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Celebrity culture and audiences: a Swedish case study2015Inngår i: Celebrity Studies, ISSN 1939-2397, E-ISSN 1939-2400, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 54-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how media consumers of different age, gender and socio-economic backgrounds in Stockholm relate to and talk about celebrities and celebrity media. Based on 16 small focus groups with 17 year olds and 45–55 year olds, with male and female participants from working-class as well as academic backgrounds, I investigate a range of responses to celebrity content in connection with overall media developments in Sweden, in order to gain insights into what the contemporary cultural emphasis on celebrity can mean on an audience level within a particular context. Some of the pleasures gained from celebrity content but also elements of celebrity ‘hatred’ and experiences of media manipulation are explored. Likewise, some of the articulations of individual celebrities and celebrity media are discussed as interlinked with socially determined identity positions such as age, gender and social class.

  • 277.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Celebrity Culture and Audiences: a Swedish Case Study2016Inngår i: Celebrity Audiences / [ed] Su Holmes, Sarah Ralph & Martin Barker, London: Routledge, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 278.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Laura Mulvey: Visuell lust och narrativ film (1975)2020Inngår i: Medievetenskapens idétraditioner / [ed] Stina Bengtsson, Staffan Ericson & Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, 1, s. 227-242Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 279.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music in Times of Streaming: Transformation and Debate2019Inngår i: Making Media: Production, Practices, and Professions / [ed] Mark Deuze and Mirjam Prenger, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019, s. 309-320Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 280.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music Use in the Digital Media Age: Early Insights From a Study of Music Cultures Among Young People in Moscow and Stockholm2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an ongoing research project investigating how the Internet is impacting on music use in contemporary society. The backdrop to the project is the digitalization of society and culture, where the music industry has undergone profound changes, and where the Internet, for young people in particular, is changing listening modes and, potentially, meanings of, music in everyday life. Our objective is to shed light on what these transformations mean on the user level, and how their adaptation is situated specific geo-cultural settings, through a qualitative study of how young music users in Moscow and Stockholm experience and discuss music in relation to the Internet. Drawing on preliminary research findings, we aim to discuss and develop questions around how the Internet integrates with daily experience within contemporary society; what this means for music as a form of communication; and how adaptations of Internet technologies are shaped by geo-cultural frameworks.

  • 281.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Tabloid journalism and tabloidization2020Inngår i: Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of Communication, nr February 28, s. 1-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Tabloid journalism has long been a highly contested news form. With a sensationalist ap­proach and an easily digested mix of entertainment and news, it has often attracted mass audiences at the same time as it has stirred controversy and raised concern about its im­pact on public discourse. Originating in the tabloid newspaper, associated both with a small newspaper format and a particular news style, the term “tabloid” is today consid­ered to characterize a range of other media content, extending to popular TV programsand certain kinds of online news. The rise and development of tabloid journalism, in com­bination with wider processes shaping the media, has moreover led to a debate about“tabloidization,” involving ideas about shifting priorities in journalism and the media landscape as a whole.

    Although tabloidization has no standard definition, an overview of empirical research us­ing the concept as a starting point highlights analyses of various media, historical peri­ods, and media markets, adding to understandings of tabloidization as multi-faceted and context-bound. Such a process, furthermore, has been viewed both as a possible threat to the public sphere and as potentially entailing democratizing elements, relating to long-standing depictions of tabloid journalism as either “dumbing down” or “reaching out.” Yet contemporary analysis in this field has tended to paint a more complex picture of both phenomena as well as pointing to emerging questions around the category of tabloid jour­nalism in digital settings.

  • 282.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Vad är meningen med dem egentligen?: Celebritetskultur i vardagen2017Inngår i: Celebritetsskapande från Strindberg till Asllani / [ed] Torbjörn Forslid, Patrik Lundell, Anders Ohlson, Tobias Olsson, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2017, s. 73-92Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 283.
    Johansson, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Articulations of Gender and Nation in Music Use in Stockholm and Moscow2013Inngår i: [Conference] Music, Gender & Difference: Intersectional and postcolonial perspectives on musical fields, Vienna, October 10-12, 2013: Books of abstracts, Wien, 2013, s. 85-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that uses of media technologies (Gray 1992, Lally 2002) as well as music consumption (DeNora 2000) are gendered practices, while scholars have also emphasized how national context and ideas about nation, ethnicity and race play into the uses of media technologies (Miller & Slater 2000) and music cultures (Roy 2010).  Drawing on such analyses, this paper investigates contemporary practices in music use from an intersectional feminist perspective. It takes as its starting point the Internet as a core music platform, which is transforming listening modes and potentially also meanings of music.

    Posing questions about how to understand emerging trends in music use in relation to music as a gendered and place-bound practice, the paper presents one part of a larger study of music use online among young adults in Stockholm and Moscow. The study is ongoing and is conducted by the presenters and their colleagues. Analyzing focus group interviews with young adult men and women, the paper explores how – primarily – gender and nation is articulated (Hall 1996) in the talk about music and online media technologies. Through discussions about their favorite music as well as their favorite media to use when listening to music, and how music is intricately intertwined in their social networks, the participants display ideas about themselves in a context of gender, place, ethnicity and race. We argue that the way they listen to music and use media technology such as Spotify and Last FM can be understood as interplaying with the process of articulation of gender and nation, and that this articulation may differ between different places.  

  • 284.
    Johansson, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Werner, Ann
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Åker, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik. Moscow State University, Russia.
    Streaming Music: Practices, Media, Cultures2017Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 285.
    Jordan, Paul
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Walking in Singing: Brand Estonia, the Eurovision Song Contest and Estonia’s Self-Proclaimed Return to Europe, 2001–20022015Inngår i: Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries: Representing the Periphery / [ed] Louis Clerc, Nikolas Glover, Paul Jordan, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, s. 227-236Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 286.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Forskningsutmaningar (i storm och stiltje)2019Inngår i: Storm och stiltje: SOM-undersökningen 2018 / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Björn Rönnerstrand, Patrik Öhberg & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2019, s. 47-63Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel fokuserar på frågan om hur stort förtroende människor har för forskning och forskare. Resultaten visar att svenska folkets förtroende för universitet och högskolor har legat stabilt på en hög nivå sedan mätningarna startades 1997. I årets undersökning är det 59 procent som har stort förtroende för lärosätena medan andelen med stort förtroende för hur forskare bedriver sitt arbete är 63 procent. Den faktor som har störst påverkan på graden av förtroende är utbildningsnivå. Högutbildade uppvisar det största förtroendet för såväl lärosäten som forskare. I kapitlet analyseras också svenska folkets vilja att satsa på forskning kopplat till ett antal samhällsutmaningar (till exempel hälsa, klimat, migration). Störst stöd har forskning inom området hälsa medan området migration och integration anses minst viktigt att satsa på. Liksom för förtroendet är även i denna fråga utbildningsnivå en förklaringsfaktor. Vi ser också tydliga samband med vilket parti man sympatiserar med.

  • 287.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Bohlin, Gustav
    Vetenskap & Allmänhet.
    Brouéus, Fredrik
    Vetenskap & Allmänhet.
    Forskning i svensk press 1995-2015: en innehållsanalys2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 288.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Bohlin, Gustav
    Vetenskap & Allmänhet.
    Brouéus, Fredrik
    Vetenskap & Allmänhet.
    Lindholm, Maria
    Vetenskap & Allmänhet.
    Lika barn debateras mest: forskares medverkan på DN debatt 1992-20152019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 289.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstads universitet.
    Cooperation, media and framing processes: Insights from a baltic sea case study2016Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 37, nr Special Issue, s. 41-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation and communication play an important role for environmental governance. This holds true for the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe, one of the most disturbed ecosystems in the world, where insufficient cooperation between different stakeholders is one reason for goal failure. This article addresses the linkages between (media) framing on the one hand, and cooperation on the other. The case in focus is a set of negotiations related to the Baltic Sea Action Plan, the most central governance strategy in the Baltic Sea region. Our results show that in order to influence political decision-making, key stakeholders compete over the power to define and interpret problems, causes and solutions to an extent impeding cooperation. We focus the analysis on eutrophication, which we show to be a complex and controversial topic, framed in incompatible ways by different stakeholders.

  • 290.
    Jönsson, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Boström, Magnus
    Örebro universitet.
    Dreyer, Marion
    DIALOGIK.
    Söderström, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Risk Communication and the Role of the Public: Towards Inclusive Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea?2016Inngår i: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek Mikael Karlsson Sebastian Linke Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, s. 205-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on forms of and challenges for risk communication within regional environmental governance, based on an analysis of five environmental risks in the Baltic Sea – marine oil transportation, chemicals, overfishing, eutrophication and alien species. We address questions about how risks are framed and communicated and also analyse the role of communication in the governance process. Our main focus is on risk communication with the public (e.g. existing institutional arrangements and procedures of risk communication), but we also relate this analysis to discussions on communication with a broad range of actors and issues of stakeholder participation and communication. In the study we have identified some examples of relatively well-working risk communication with parts of the organised public in the Baltic Sea region (BSR), such as in fisheries or eutrophication, but also a number of different barriers and obstacles. Our key result from this study is that BSR consists of many national institutions for risk communication, but that there are hardly any centralised institutions for risk communication activities relating to environmental governance in the region. Another key conclusion is that public risk communication in this array of cross-national environmental risks is restricted mainly to (one-way) information. Against this backdrop and from our empirical and theoretical knowledge of risk communication and the role of the public, we finally suggest some ways for improvement.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 291.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Becoming patriots in Russia: biopolitics, fashion, and nostalgia2017Inngår i: Nationalities Papers, ISSN 0090-5992, E-ISSN 1465-3923, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 8-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to explore the common ground between biopolitics, fashion, patriotism and nostalgia. Taking off from the Foucauldian notion of biopolitics as a control apparatus exerted over a population, I provide an insight into the modern construction of the Russian nation, where personal and collective sacrifice, traditional femininity and masculinity, orthodox religion, and the Great Patriotic War become the basis for patriotism. On carefully chosen case studies, I will show how the state directly and indirectly regulates people’s lives by producing narratives, which are translated (in some cases designers act as mouthpieces for the state demographic or military politics) into fashionable discourses and, with a core of time, create specific gender norms–women are seen as fertile mothers giving birth to new soldiers, while men are shown as fighters and defenders of their nation. In the constructed discourses, conservative ideals become a ground for the creation of an idea of a nation as one biological body, where brothers and sisters are united together. In these fashionable narratives, people’s bodies become a battlefield of domestic politics. Fashion produces a narrative of a healthy nation to ensure the healthy work- and military force.

  • 292.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Beyond nostalgia for the Soviet past: Interpreting documentaries on Russian television2017Inngår i: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 285-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The proliferation and recycling of Soviet popular culture and history is a central ingredient of post-Soviet film and television production, leading to accusations that the Russian media is nurturing nostalgia. Nostalgia can hardly account for the manifold uses of the Soviet past in contemporary Russian television programming. Nevertheless, in the aftermath of the Crimean annexation, it became evident that nostalgia for a strong empire with a strong ruling hand' was part of Putin's symbolic politics for several years. Keeping these considerations in mind, this article investigates how nostalgia extends into the domain of television and becomes an element of symbolic politics, employing a case study of two documentaries produced during Putin's presidency to focus the analysis. This study also examines how contemporary Russian television uses footage and film clips from the socialist period and witness testimonies to dismantle' popular myths.

  • 293.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Mediated Post-Soviet Nostalgia2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-Soviet nostalgia, generally understood as a sentimental longing forthe Soviet past, has penetrated deep into many branches of Russian popular culture in the post-1989 period. The present study investigates how the Soviet past has been mediated in the period between 1991 and 2012 as one element of a prominent structure of feeling in present-day Russian culture.

    The Soviet past is represented through different mediating arenas – cultural domains and communicative platforms in which meanings are created and circulated. The mediating arenas examined in this study include television, the Internet, fashion, restaurants, museums and theatre. The study of these arenas has identified common ingredients which are elements of a structure of feeling of the period in question. At the same time, the research shows that the representations of the past vary with the nature of the medium and the genre.

    The analysis of mediations of the Soviet past in Russian contemporary culture reveals that there has been a change in the representations of the Soviet past during the past twenty years, which roughly correspond to the two decades marked by the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin in the 1990s and of Vladimir Putin in the 2000s (including Dmitrii Medvedev's term, 2008–2012). The critical and reflective component that was present in representations of the Soviet past in the 1990s has slowly faded away, making room first for more commercial and then for political exploitations of the past. Building on Svetlana Boym's conceptual framework of reflective and restorative nostalgia, the present study provides an illustration of how reflective nostalgia is being gradually supplanted by restorative nostalgia.

    Academic research has provided many definitions of nostalgia, from strictly medical explanations to more psychological and socio-cultural perspectives. The present study offers examples of how nostalgia functions as a label in ascribing political and cultural identities to oneself and to others, creating confusion about the term and about what and who can rightly be called nostalgic.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Mediated Post-Soviet Nostalgia
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 294.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    The Flow of Nostalgia: Experiencing Television from the Past2016Inngår i: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 10, s. 5324-5341Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the Nostal'giia channel, a channel reproducing the daily schedule of Soviet Tsentralnoe Televidenie (Central Television) of the 1970s-1980s. The broadcast day comprises a flow of program reruns and a number of newly produced talk shows and documentaries. Reruns provide content flow that creates a particular experience of time passing while viewers can relive the experience of watching television in the 1980s. Meanwhile, new productions serve as commentaries on this content and connect bits and pieces into a complete picture by interpreting and providing contextual information. By doing so, the producers of the channel aim to create the feeling of historical continuity. By applying autoethnography, I investigate the experience of watching the channel and the flow of nostalgic sentiments that emerge while experiencing mediated narrations of the past. The aim is to not only explore the channel content, but also come to terms with nostalgia as a subjective experience and the difficulties that appear in the process of researching it.

  • 295.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Menke, M.
    Augsburg University, Augsburg, Germany.
    Negotiating the past in hyperconnected memory cultures: Post-Soviet nostalgia and national identity in Russian online communities2016Inngår i: International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, ISSN 1740-8296, E-ISSN 2040-0918, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 59-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an empirical analysis and theoretical reflections on the negotiation of memories in hyperconnected memory cultures. In order to describe the conditions of memory negotiation, we suggest using the notion of ‘hyperconnected memories’, which refers to the mediatization of memory in a nexus of contingent forms of communication. By conducting a critical discourse analysis (CDA), we show how the Soviet past is negotiated in contemporary Russia and analyse how national identity is discursively constructed alongside official narratives and individual memories. We argue that an important element in this process is nostalgia, which motivates people to join mnemonic online communities but also functions as an intermediary between cultural memory and national identity by making history a personal, sentimental matter. However, we will also demonstrate that the negotiation of official history and individual memory in mnemonic online communities does not automatically lead to emancipation from state-propagated narratives.

  • 296.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The Battalion: Questioning or reproducing the matrix of domination in war films?2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 297.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    War films and gendered nostalgia for the WWII2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to explore the common ground between bio-politics, gender, patriotism and war nostalgia. Taking off from the Foucaldian notion of biopolitics as a control apparatus exerted over a population, we provide an insight into the modern construction of Russian nation, where personal and collective sacrifice, traditional femininity and masculinity, orthodox religion andwar become the basis for patriotism. On carefully chosen case studies we will show how the state directly and indirectly regulates peoples lives by producing narratives, which are translated into media discourses and with a core of time create specific “gender norms” – women are seen as fertile mothers giving birth to new soldiers, while men are shown as fighters and defenders of their nation. In the constructed discourses nostalgia for a war plays one of the central roles and becomes a ground of a creation of an idea of a nation as one biological body, where brothers and sisters are united together. In these popular culture narratives people’s bodies become a battlefield of domestic politics. Popular culture hence produces a narrative of a healthy nation to ensure the healthy work- and military force. The authors tackle the above-mentioned aims by conducting visual analysis of several films, where the main characters are women in contrast to the majority of films about war. (Batallion (2015), A zori zdes’ tikhie (2015)). 

  • 298. Karlsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Crawford, Alexander
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    Pargman, Daniel
    Ödling, Per
    Vad händer när jobben försvinner?2015Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 18 aprilArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 299.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Allt är annorlunda nu: Hur ett medielandskap i förändring påverkar debattklimatet2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 300.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Allt är annorlunda nu: hur ett medielandskap i förändring påverkar debattklimatet2017Inngår i: När skiftet äger rum: Vad händer när de politiska dagordningen ändras? / [ed] Kjellgren, Torsten, Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden , 2017, s. 153-186Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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