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  • 251.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Ng, Chris Fook Sheng
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, JapanUniversity of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan / Nagasaki Univiversity, Nagasaki, Japan.
    Inoue, Yosuke
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Yazawa, Aki
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Koyanagi, Ai
    Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Kodaka, Manami
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan.
    DeVylder, Jordan E.
    University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA.
    Watanabe, Chiho
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Birthdays are associated with an increased risk of suicide in Japan: Evidence from 27,007 deaths in Tokyo in 2001-20102016In: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 200, p. 259-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has produced conflicting findings concerning whether birthdays are associated with an increased risk of suicide. This study examined the association in Tokyo, Japan. Methods: Suicide data (ICD-10 codes X60-X84) for the period 2001-2010 were obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used with conditional logistic regression analysis being performed to estimate within-subject birthday exposures' while controlling for meteorological conditions and public holidays. Results: There were 27,007 suicides in the study period. For males the 5 days before the birthday and the week after the birthday were associated with significantly higher odds for suicide with the odds ratio being highest on the actual birthday (OR =1.677, 95% CI: 1.294, 2.172). For females, significantly higher odds for completed suicide were observed 7-11 days before the birthday. Stratified analyses showed different at risk time patterns among men from different age groups, and that married men had higher odds for suicide on, and for the 4 days before and in the 2 weeks after their birthday. Limitations: We lacked detailed information on suicides which would have enabled a better understanding of the observed associations. Conclusions: Birthdays are associated with an increased risk for suicide in Tokyo, Japan. Health professionals who work with individuals at risk of suicide should be made aware that birthdays are associated with an elevated suicide risk. This information should also be communicated in wider suicide prevention campaigns.

  • 252.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Santini, Ziggi Ivan
    University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Koyanagi, Ai
    Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu/CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain.
    Urinary incontinence, mental health and loneliness among community-dwelling older adults in Ireland.2017In: BMC Urology, ISSN 1471-2490, E-ISSN 1471-2490, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with worse health among older adults. Little is known however, about its relation with loneliness or the role of mental health in this association. This study examined these factors among older adults in Ireland.

    METHODS: Data were analyzed from 6903 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 collected in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) in 2009-11. Information was obtained on the self-reported occurrence (yes/no) and severity (frequency/activity limitations) of UI in the past 12 months. Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Loneliness Scale short form. Information was also obtained on depression (CES-D), anxiety (HADS-A) and other sociodemographic variables. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between variables.

    RESULTS: In a model adjusted for all potential confounders except mental disorders, compared to no UI, any UI was associated with significantly higher odds for loneliness (odds ratio: 1.51). When depression was included in the analysis, the association was attenuated and became non-significant while the inclusion of anxiety had a much smaller effect. Similarly, although frequency of UI and activity limitations due to UI were both significantly associated with loneliness prior to adjustment for mental disorders, neither association remained significant after adjustment for both depression and anxiety.

    CONCLUSION: UI is associated with higher odds for loneliness among older community-dwelling adults but this association is largely explained by comorbid mental health problems, in particular, depression.

  • 253.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Sheng Ng, C. F.
    Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.
    Konishi, S.
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan / University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Koyanagi, A.
    Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.
    Watanabe, C.
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Airborne pollen and suicide mortality in Tokyo, 2001–20112017In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 155, p. 134-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior research has indicated that pollen might be linked to suicide mortality although the few studies that have been undertaken to date have produced conflicting findings and been limited to Western settings. This study examined the association between the level of airborne pollen and suicide mortality in Tokyo, Japan in the period from 2001 to 2011. The daily number of suicide deaths was obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, with pollen data being obtained from the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health. A time-stratified case-crossover study was performed to examine the association between different levels of pollen concentration and suicide mortality. During the study period there were 5185 male and 2332 female suicides in the pollen season (February to April). For men there was no association between airborne pollen and suicide mortality. For women, compared to when there was no airborne pollen, the same-day (lag 0) pollen level of 30 to <100 grains per cm2 was associated with an approximately 50% increase in the odds for suicide (e.g. 30 to <50 grains per cm2: odds ratio 1.574, 95% confidence interval 1.076–2.303, p=0.020). The estimates remained fairly stable after adjusting for air pollutants and after varying the cut-points that defined the pollen levels. Our results indicate that pollen is associated with female suicide mortality in Tokyo.

  • 254.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan / University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Tachibana, Yoshiyuki
    National Medical Centre for Children and Mothers, Tokyo, Japan.
    Hashimoto, Keiji
    National Centre for Child Health and Development (NCCHD), Tokyo, Japan.
    Haraguchi, Hideyuki
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
    Miyake, Atsuko
    Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
    Morokuma, Seiichi
    Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Nitta, Hiroshi
    National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Oda, Masako
    Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
    Ohya, Yukihiro
    National Center for Child Health and Development (NCCHD), Tokyo, Japan.
    Senju, Ayako
    University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Takahashi, Hidetoshi
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
    Yamagata, Takanori
    Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.
    Kamio, Yoko
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
    Assessment of Autistic Traits in Children Aged 2 to 4½ Years With the Preschool Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-P): Findings from Japan2017In: Autism Research, ISSN 1939-3792, E-ISSN 1939-3806, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 852-865Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent development and use of autism measures for the general population has led to a growing body of evidence which suggests that autistic traits are distributed along a continuum. However, as most existing autism measures were designed for use in children older than age 4, to date, little is known about the autistic continuum in children younger than age 4. As autistic symptoms are evident in the first few years, to address this research gap, the current study tested the preschool version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-P) in children aged 2 to 4½ years in clinical (N = 74, average age 40 months, 26-51 months) and community settings (N = 357, average age 39 months, 25-50 months) in Japan. Using information obtained from different raters (mothers, other caregivers, and teachers) it was found that the scale demonstrated a good degree of internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability, and a satisfactory degree of convergent validity for the clinical sample when compared with scores from diagnostic "gold standard" autism measures. Receiver operating characteristic analyses and the group comparisons also showed that the SRS-P total score discriminated well between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those without ASD. Importantly, this scale could identify autistic symptoms or traits distributed continually across the child population at this age irrespective of the presence of an ASD diagnosis. These findings suggest that the SRS-P might be a sensitive instrument for case identification including subthreshold ASD, as well as a potentially useful research tool for exploring ASD endophenotypes. Autism Res 2016.

  • 255.
    Strömbäck, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Våldsbejakande extremism i Stockholms söderort: En kvalitativ studie om kommunalt preventionsarbete i anknytning till våldsbejakande extremism.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper aims to examine how local boroughs in the South suburbs of Stockholm work with matters relating to radicalism and violent extremism with roots in white power environments and Islam. The paper will look at the different challenges faced by the local Boroughs in tackling the problems in the future.

    The empirical material that forms the basis of this paper have been collected through semi structured interviews with local coordinators employed by three different boroughs within the South suburbs of Stockholm.

    The theoretical framework of the study is formed by a typological model that comprises different kinds of crime prevention exercises with backgrounds in superordinate values. The empirical material has been analyzed in relation to crime prevention as a societal phenomenon depending on what preventive method has been given the timely aspect related to primary, secondary or tertiary prevention.

    Results show that radicalism and violent extremism are phenomenon with substantial complexity, according to all participating coordinators, white power environments tend to be significantly more violent in their behaviour and serves as the primary local threat whereas activities relating to radical Islam is more limited. The coordinators speak about the necessity to work for an inclusive society rather than controlling which risks stigmatizing the individuals who could be considered in an already weak and resource scarce situations.

    The study show that the boroughs dominant prevention mechanisms are formed of structural and socialization prevention methods rather than effective reduction and/or controlling prevention. 

  • 256.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Forskningens mörker: om svarta känslor och konsten att vara lagom rädd2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 257.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Forskningspolitik som kunskapshinder2016In: Det hotade universitetet / [ed] Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson & Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016, p. 143-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institute for Futures Studies.
    Knowing the game: motivations and skills among partisan policy professionals2017In: Journal of Professions and Organization, ISSN 2051-8803, E-ISSN 2051-8811, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 55-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on “partisan policy professionals” (PPPs), i.e. people who are employed to affectpolitics and policy, and analyzes their particular motivations and skills. This article focuses on the occupationalpractices of PPPs: what are their main motivations and driving forces, and what are thekey skills they deploy in their work? The main motivation for PPPs is a desire to wield power and influencethe course of affairs, while their working-life satisfaction comes from getting their messageinto the media without becoming personally exposed. The key resource of PPPs is contextdependentpolitically useful knowledge, in three main forms: “Problem formulation” involves highlightingand framing social problems and their possible solutions. “Process expertise” consists of understandingthe “where, how, and why” of the political and policy-making processes. “Informationaccess” is the skill to be very fast in finding reliable and relevant information. These motivations andskills underpin a particular professionalism based in an “entrepreneurial ethos”, which differs fromboth the ethos of elected politicians, and that of civil servants, and which has some potentially problematicimplications for democratic governance.

  • 259.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    “Most MPs are Not All that Sharp.” Political Employees and Representative Democracy2017In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 548-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyses the orientations of political employees in Sweden. It finds that their roles are diffuse: there is no agreement among political employees about whether they are politicians or not, and their mandate is fleeting and unclear. They hold the average politician’s intellectual abilities in low regard, and sometimes take on clearly paternalistic views toward elected representatives. They see little attraction in pursuing a career as elected politicians, because of intrusive media scrutiny and since they hold a view of elected politics as slow, boring, and shallow. The professional route to politics is seen as more fast and fun.

  • 260.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Olle Wästberg & Daniel Lindvall, Folkstyret i rädslans tid. Stockholm: Fri Tanke, 2017.2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 393-395Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Out of the Golden Cage: PR and the career opportunities of policy professionals2016In: Politics and Policy, ISSN 1801-3422, E-ISSN 1747-1346, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 56-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on “policy professionals”—people employed to affect politics and policy making rather than elected to office, and their career motivations and considerations. What do they see as career opportunities and limitations? What resources do policy professionals offer on the job market? How are status and hierarchy on their particular labor market perceived? Special attention is paid to the possible transitions from current job into other positions and arenas. The study pinpoints the “golden cage” problem: the problem for organizations positioned outside party politics to properly evaluate the distinct skills of policy professionals. The key position of the public relations agencies in this regard is highlighted. The article closes with a discussion of some democratic implications of the arguments and findings, such as anticipatory adjustment of behavior in public office, the potential merging of political elites, and the supply driven growth of the policy professional stratum.

  • 262.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Politics as organised combat – New players and new rules of the game in Sweden2016In: New Political Economy, ISSN 1356-3467, E-ISSN 1469-9923, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 505-519Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Uthållig kreativitet: tre faror, två demoner, tio budord2017In: På väg: En vänbok till Sven E Olsson Hort / [ed] Paavo Bergman & Gunnar Olofsson, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017, p. 217-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Who Loves the Swedish Welfare State?: Attitude trends 1980-20102016In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics / [ed] Pierre, Jon, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1, p. 22-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Tyllström, Anna
    Instututet för framtidsstudier.
    Resilient privatization: the puzzling case of for-profit welfare providers in Sweden2018In: Socio-Economic Review, ISSN 1475-1461, E-ISSN 1475-147XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyse the striking resilience of for-profit care and service provisionin what has often been seen as the archetypical social democratic welfare state:Sweden. We focus on the strategic discursive activities of private companies andtheir business organizations as they try to influence perceptions, organize actorsand facilitate communication to defend profit-making in the welfare sector in theface of increasing conflict and opposition. We argue that taking such organized actioninto account changes dominant perceptions about the characteristics of theSwedish political economy, and carries important lessons for analyses of changesin the organization of the welfare state in general.

  • 266.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    et al.
    KTH.
    Alfredsson, Eva
    KTH.
    Aretun, Åsa
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH.
    Fauré, Eléonore
    KTH.
    Fuehrer, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    KTH.
    Hagbert, Pernilla
    KTH.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    KTH.
    Malmaéus, Mikael
    IVL.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH.
    Stigson, Peter
    IVL.
    Testversion av scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande bortom BNP-tillväxt2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The strong research environment ”Beyond GDP growth - Scenarios for sustainable building and planning” explores what could happen in the Swedish society when growth is not seen as an end in itself but the goal is instead other qualities that society might wish to achieve. The purpose of this report is to describe the test version of scenarios for Sweden in 2050. The scenarios are qualitative and aim to create a basis for further development, discussion and analysis. The scenarios are so-called normative backcasting scenarios which means that they illustrate future states in which four sustainability targets (climate, land use, participation and resource security) are to be attained. The focus of the four scenarios are: 1) collaborative economy, 2) local self-sufficiency, 3) automisation for quality of life, and 4) circular economy in the welfare state. The scenarios are presented as descriptions of the future in Sweden, with a brief description of global trends and developments in Sweden that may explain the scenario assumptions. A lot of work remains. For example, the scenarios will be presented and discussed in several forums in the coming year, and the feedback from the discussions will be incorporated into a new version of the scenarios. Economic modeling of the scenarios will also be performed, and after that sustainability assessments of scenarios and in depth studies of parts of the scenarios.

  • 267.
    Söderlind, Tove
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Franzell, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Men det blir det där att alltid synas, det är så jävla jobbigt att synas hela jävla tiden!": En sociologisk studie om betydelsen av hudfärg i ett vitt samhälle2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is interested in the non-white Swedes who, despite their Swedish citizenship feel that they are not always able or allowed to feel like Swedes. The starting point is that in Sweden there is a whiteness standard witch for non-white Swedes have consequences in form of racism, exclusion and alienation. To get an understanding of the mechanisms behind these effects the writers instead of a general theory use several key concepts and theoretical points all seen from a postcolonial perspective. Seven interviews were held with non-white Swedes who was interviewed on how they perceive and interpret racism. Furthermore, the paper sought answers on whether respondents have been unconscious or conscious strategies to manage or respond to racism. It has since been made a comparison to see if it differs depending on whether respondents grew up in Sweden or not.

    The result shows that all respondents, regardless of group, experience racism and get their Swedishness questioned. The biggest differences between the two groups lies in how respondents choose to deal with the racism they encounter. The group of respondents who grew up in Sweden chooses to confront the racism they face while the group of respondents who didn’t grow up in Sweden are more inclined to deal with or escape it.

  • 268.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Arbetarrörenslen och globaliseringen: bortom nationen som ram?2017In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet / [ed] Filip Wijkström, Marta Reuter & Abbas Emami, Stockholm: European Civil Society Press , 2017, p. 219-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Jämte, Jan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Umeå University.
    Why it didn´t happen here: The development of the Anarchist Movement in Sweden 1980-19902014In: On conference website, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    A Matter of ‘Extremism’?: Ideas about democracy and political change within Anarchist and Autonomist activists in Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to identify the relationship towards democracy amongst anarchist and autonomist movement activists. Using the case of activists in Sweden, we scrutinize the relationship to the idea and practice of democracy found in contemporary radical left. How is democracy framed in groups such as these? By so doing we wish to add to and develop the research field on left movements and parties that sometimes are labeled “extreme”. We believe that the “extremism” concept is troublesome in several ways, mainly since it is an ‘asymmetrical concept’ in Koselleck’s sense. In spite of this acknowledgement, we will tentatively use it, in order to mirror and thereby capture how “democracy”, as an idea and practice, is framed by anarchist and autonomous activists.

     

    In the paper we compare the notion of extremism with the ideas of autonomous and anarchist activist activists in Sweden. The five common elements attributed to the concept of extremism could not be found in the interviews. To the contrary, using the concept in order to find extremism showed a pattern of values usually attributed to the concept of ”deliberative democracy”.

     

  • 271.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Begreppet extremism - en kritisk introduktion2016In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 5, p. 15-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Termen ”extremism” har blivit vanligare inom både svensk offentlig debatt och myndighetsprosa. I sådana sammanhang är det dock sällan klart exakt vad som avses med denna term. Inte heller inom samhällsvetenskapen är begreppet extre­ mism oomstritt och inom olika forskningsfält används begreppet på olika sätt. Syftet med Adrienne Sörbom och Magnus Wennerhags artikel är att belysa extremismbegrep­ pets uppkomst och förändrade betydelse under moderniteten, samt att diskutera några av de problem som begreppet är behäftat med. Med hjälp av bland annat vetenskaps­ sociologen Thomas F. Gieryns begrepp ”gränsdragningsarbete” (boundary-work) visar Sörbom och Wennerhag hur begreppet extremism används i fältet mellan vetenskap, politik och samhällsdebatt. Författarnas huvudsakliga poäng är att begreppets utgångs­ punkt i en tydligt normativ föreställning om politiska avvikelser gör det mindre använd­ bart i vetenskapliga sammanhang, eftersom det enbart tar dessa avvikelser för givna och inte erbjuder några förklaringar om varför de uppkommer eller vilken roll de spelar i moderna samhällen. 

  • 272. Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Individualization, Life Politics, and the Reformulation of Social Critique: an Analysis of the Global Justice Movement2013In: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 453-478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking the contemporary political activism of ‘the Global Justice Movement’ as an illustrative case, this article scrutinizes some influential theoretical ideas about the consequences of ‘individualization’ for collective political action. Quite often, this process is seen as implying a new politics of individual life style – ‘life politics’ – which is associated with new social movements and claimed to have gained importance since the 1960s, on the expense of the collective ‘emancipatory politics’ being associated with ‘old social movements’ such as the Labor Movement. In the light of the article’s empirical findings, this alleged division between life politics and emancipatory politics is questioned, and it is argued that these two kinds of politics should be understood as intertwined practices. The article’s theoretically grounded analysis is based on quantitative data from a survey of participants at the fifth European Social Forum. These data are interpreted and further explored using qualitative interviews with activists.

  • 273.
    Takahashi, H.
    et al.
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry,Tokyo, Japan.
    Nakahachi, T.
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry,Tokyo, Japan.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry,Tokyo, Japan.
    Ishitobi, M.
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry,Tokyo, Japan.
    Kamio, Y.
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry,Tokyo, Japan.
    Stability of the acoustic startle response and its modulation in children with typical development and those with autism spectrum disorders: A one-year follow-up2017In: Autism Research, ISSN 1939-3792, E-ISSN 1939-3806, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 673-679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Auditory hyper-reactivity is a common sensory-perceptual abnormality that interrupts behavioral adaptations in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Recently, prolonged acoustic startle response (ASR) latency and hyper-reactivity to weak acoustic stimuli were reported in children with ASD. Indexes of ASR and its modulation are known to be stable biological markers for translational research in the adult population. However, little is known about the stability of these indexes in children. Thus, the objective of our study was to investigate the stability of neurophysiological ASR indexes in children with ASD and typical development (TD). Participants included 12 children with ASD and 24 with TD. Mean startle magnitudes to acoustic stimuli presented at 65-105 dB in increments of 10 dB were analyzed. Average peak startle latency (PSL), ASR modulation of habituation, and prepulse inhibition were also analyzed. These startle measures were examined after a follow-up period of 15.7±5.1 months from baseline. At both baseline and in the follow-up period, children with ASD had significantly greater startle magnitudes to weak stimuli of 65-85 dB and more prolonged PSL compared with controls. Intraclass correlation coefficients for these ASR measures between both periods were 0.499-0.705. None of the ASR measures differed significantly between the two periods. Our results suggest that prolonged PSL and greater startle magnitudes to weak stimuli in children with ASD might serve as moderately stable neurophysiological indexes of ASD.

  • 274.
    Takahashi, Hidetoshi
    et al.
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan.
    Nakahachi, Takayuki
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan.
    Ishitobi, Makoto
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan.
    Kamio, Yoko
    National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan.
    Relationship between physiological and parent-observed auditory over-responsiveness in children with typical development and those with autism spectrum disorders.2018In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 291-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in response to 65-105 dB stimuli, in increments of 10 dB, were analyzed in children with autism spectrum disorders and with typical development. Average peak startle latency was also examined. We examined the relationship of these acoustic startle response measures to parent-reported behavioral sensory processing patterns in everyday situations, assessed using the Sensory Profile for all participants. Low-threshold scores on the Sensory Profile auditory section were related to acoustic startle response magnitudes at 75 and 85 dB, but not to the lower intensities of 65 dB. The peak startle latency and acoustic startle response magnitudes at low-stimuli intensities of 65 and 75 dB were significantly related to the low-threshold quadrants (sensory sensitivity and sensation avoiding) scores and to the high-threshold quadrant of sensation seeking. Our results suggest that physiological assessment provides further information regarding auditory over-responsiveness to less-intense stimuli and its relationship to caregiver-observed sensory processing abnormalities in everyday situations.

  • 275.
    Tarasova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Edberg, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Large-scale energy projects: Geopolitics, legitimization and emotions2014In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. online, no June 27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 276.
    Tasmin, S.
    et al.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Ueda, K.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Yasumoto, S.
    Ritsumeikan University, Japan.
    Phung, V. L. H.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Oishi, M.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Yasukouchi, S.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Uehara, Y.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Michikawa, T.
    National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan.
    Nitta, H.
    National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan.
    Short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter and emergency ambulance dispatch for acute illness in Japan2016In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 566-567, p. 528-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Short-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to negative health outcomes that require an emergency medical response. However, few studies have been undertaken on this phenomenon to date. The aim of this study therefore was to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient suspended particulate matter (SPM) and emergency ambulance dispatches (EADs) for acute illness in Japan. Daily EAD data, daily mean SPM and meteorological data were obtained for four prefectures in the Kanto region of Japan for the period from 2007 to 2011. The area-specific association between daily EAD for acute illness and SPM was explored using generalized linear models while controlling for ambient temperature, relative humidity, seasonality, long-term trends, day of the week and public holidays. Stratified analyses were conducted to evaluate the modifying effects of age, sex and medical conditions. Area-specific estimates were combined using meta-analyses. For the total study period the mean level of SPM was 23.7 μg/m3. In general, higher SPM was associated with a significant increase in EAD for acute illness [estimated pooled relative risk (RR): 1.008, 95% CI: 1.007 to 1.010 per 10 μg/m3 increase in SPM at lag 0-1]. The effects of SPM on EAD for acute illness were significantly greater for moderate/mild medical conditions (e.g. cases that resulted in <3 weeks hospitalization or no hospitalization) when compared to severe medical conditions (e.g. critical cases, and cases that led to >3 weeks hospitalization or which resulted in death). Using EAD data, this study has shown the adverse health effects of ambient air pollution. This highlights the importance of reducing the level of air pollution in order to maintain population health and well-being.

  • 277.
    Tsenkova, Sasha
    et al.
    University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada .
    Polanska, Dominika V.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Between state and market: housing policy and housing transformation in post-socialist cities2014In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 401-405Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Tyrovolas, Stefanos
    et al.
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Koyanagi, Ai
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Maria Haro, Josep
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the US Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-20122016In: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, ISSN 2212-2672, E-ISSN 2212-2680, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 579-589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Prior research has indicated that several factors are associated with low energy dietary reporting; however, there is comparatively little information on the association between body image, weight control, and low energy reporting. Objective Our aim was to evaluate the association between low energy reporting and aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control in a nationally representative US adult sample. Design This was a cross-sectional study. Participants/setting Data were analyzed from 13,581 adults aged 20 years and older who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data on sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics, and weight perception, satisfaction, and control were collected. The ratio of reported energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate (EI/BMR) was calculated and used for the assessment of low energy reporting. Main outcome measures The relationship of low energy reporting with various aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control was evaluated. Statistical analyses performed Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the association between the variables. Results Low energy reporters were significantly more likely to consider themselves overweight (perception), want to weigh less (satisfaction), and to have tried to lose weight in the past 12 months (control). Compared with having no desire for weight change, wanting to weigh less was associated with 1.28 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.53) times higher odds for low energy reporting. Trying to lose weight was also associated with low energy reporting (odds ratio = 1.56; 95% CI 1.38 to 1.76). Effect modification by obesity status was observed for the weight perception, satisfaction, and control variables where the odds ratios of these factors for low energy reporting were higher among those who were not obese. Conclusion Weight perception, satisfaction, and control are related to low energy reporting, and should be taken into account in nutritional assessments. In addition, the effect of these factors can differ by obesity status.

  • 279.
    Utterborn, Ylva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Leguisamo, Pilar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Konsten att gilla sin kropp: En studie om kvinnors förmåga att utveckla en positiv kroppsuppfattning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As women's perception of their own body focuses on devaluing it rather than responding

    positively to it, current research on positive body image among women today is scarce.

    Previous research on the topic has mostly examined a negative body image and the

    relationship between media and the body. Considerable research for this study has been done

    by Frisén (2014) and Christina Holmqvist Gattario (2013), their studies have discussed the

    motives behind a positive body image, which has proven to be a focus on the body's function

    rather than appearance. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out how young women

    develop a positive body image. This study is qualitative in nature and consists of eight

    interviews conducted among young women aged 20 to 26 years. The theoretical framework

    selected for this essay is Roland Paulsens’ (2010) development of Pierre Bourdieus’

    (1979/2010) theory of Physical capital and Fanny Ambjörnsons’ (2003) theory of Making of

    femininity. The results of this study show that relationships with a boyfriend or family, have

    played a crucial role for the perception of a positive body image.

  • 280.
    Vals, Kaire
    et al.
    University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia / National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Kiivet, Raul-Allan
    University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Alcohol consumption, smoking and overweight as a burden for health care services utilization: a cross-sectional study in Estonia2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, article id 772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alcohol consumption, smoking and weight problems are common risk factors for different health problems. We examine how these risk factors are associated with the use of health care services.

    Methods: Data for 6500 individuals in the 25-64 age group came from three cross-sectional postal surveys conducted in 2004, 2006, and 2008 in Estonia. The effect of alcohol consumption, smoking and weight problems on the use of primary and specialist care services, hospitalizations and ambulance calls was analysed separately for men and women by using binary logistic regression.

    Results: Overweight and/or obesity were strongly related to the use of primary care and out-patient specialist services for both genders, and to hospitalizations and ambulance calls for women. Current smoking was related to ambulance calls for both genders, whereas smoking in the past was related to the use of primary care and specialist services among men and to hospitalizations among women. Beer drinking was negatively associated with all types of health care services and similar   association was found between wine drinking and hospitalizations. Wine drinking was positively related to specialist visits. The frequent drinking of strong alcohol led to an increased risk for ambulance calls. Drinking light alcoholic drinks was positively associated with all types of health care services (except ambulance calls) among men and with the use of specialist services among women.

    Conclusions: Overweight and smoking had the largest impact on health care utilization in Estonia. Considering the high prevalence of these behavioural risk factors, health policies should prioritize preventive programs that promote healthy lifestyles in order to decrease the disease burden and to reduce health care costs.

  • 281.
    Vandenheede, H.
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium / Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Deboosere, P.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Espelt, A.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Bopp, M.
    University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland .
    Borrell, C.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Costa, G.
    University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Eikemo, T. A.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway .
    Gnavi, R.
    University of Turin, Turin, Italy / Local Health Agency of Collegno and Pinerolo, Turin, Italy .
    Hoffmann, R.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Kulhanova, I.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Kulik, M.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands / University of California, San Francisco, USA .
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Martikainen, P.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Menvielle, G.
    French National Institute of Health and Medical Research,, Paris, France / Sorbonne University, Paris, France .
    Rodriguez-Sanz, M.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Rychtarikova, J.
    Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic .
    Mackenbach, J. P.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Educational inequalities in diabetes mortality across Europe in the 2000s: the interaction with gender2015In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 401-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To evaluate educational inequalities in diabetes mortality in Europe in the 2000s, and to assess whether these inequalities differ between genders. Methods: Data were obtained from mortality registries covering 14 European countries. To determine educational inequalities in diabetes mortality, age-standardised mortality rates, mortality rate ratios, and slope and relative indices of inequality were calculated. To assess whether the association between education and diabetes mortality differs between genders, diabetes mortality was regressed on gender, educational rank and ‘gender × educational rank’. Results: An inverse association between education and diabetes mortality exists in both genders across Europe. Absolute educational inequalities are generally larger among men than women; relative inequalities are generally more pronounced among women, the relative index of inequality being 2.8 (95 % CI 2.0–3.9) in men versus 4.8 (95 % CI 3.2–7.2) in women. Gender inequalities in diabetes mortality are more marked in the highest than the lowest educated. Conclusions: Education and diabetes mortality are inversely related in Europe in the 2000s. This association differs by gender, indicating the need to take the socioeconomic and gender dimension into account when developing public health policies. © 2015 The Author(s)

  • 282.
    Vasquez, Alexandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Khalaf, Nessim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Jag är svensk men...": En kvalitativ studie om inre konflikter hos svenskfödda ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study in sociology, where the study is based on interviews with seven swedish born adolescent who feel a belonging with three different cultural backgrounds. The aim of this study is to inquiry the underlying factors that can compose a possible inner identity conflict for adolescents with multiple cultural identities and how they handleit.The main focus of this study will be on adolescents who havehad their socialization in Sweden, however they grew up differently in comparison to the Swedish conditions. During this study it will be discussed how adolescent perceive themselves in relation to the Swedish society and what cultural background they identify the most with.The results show that the selected respondents feel that they do not suffer fromidentity problems. However, respondents express that there are a number of factors that affect how these young people who associates with multiple cultural backgrounds, perceive their position in Swedish society. This eventually leads to inner conflicts within themselves. The results show that the potential conflicts are based on the primary socialization colliding with societal norms. This has led to thatthe different upbringings has influenced the view of themselves as well as the ethnic Swedes perception of these young people. The results were analyzed using selected theories that included identity, socialization and role theory.

  • 283.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Peterson, Abby
    University of Gothenburg.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. University of Gothenburg.
    "Conscience Adherents" Revisited: Non-Lgbt Pride Parade Participants2018In: Mobilization, ISSN 1086-671X, E-ISSN 1938-1514, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 83-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Foundation stones in the resource mobilization theory of social movements are the notions of "conscience adherents" and "conscience constituents," first introduced by McCarthy and Zald in 1977. In this article, we revisit the concept of conscience adherent, by applying it to individuals and groups that are direct supporters of an LGBT movement, but who do not stand to directly benefit from the success should the movement accomplish its goals. Using quantitative data collected during Pride parades in Stockholm, Haarlem, London, and Warsaw, we analyze the group of participants who reported that they were lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender and compare them to heterosexual and gender-conforming participants, identifying factors that explain why people in the latter category participate in Pride parades. We argue that experiences of discrimination, knowing people from the beneficiary group, and/or subscribing to general principles of justice, contribute to conscience adherent participation. Furthermore, based on interviews with Pride parade organizers, we argue that mobilizations based on a more inclusive political strategy will attract more non-LGBT participants.

  • 284.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Alone in the crowd: Lone protesters in Western European demonstrations2014In: International Sociology, ISSN 0268-5809, E-ISSN 1461-7242, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 565-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While corroborating the fact that the majority of protesters attend demonstrations together with friends, family and/or fellow members of their organizations, this article shows that protesting alone remains an option for many people – under the right circumstances. Through multilevel analysis of survey data from participants in 69 demonstrations in eight Western European countries, the authors study lone protesters in different types of demonstrations. On the individual level, they show that protesting alone is closely linked to relative detachment from interpersonal mobilizing networks, as well as to short decision times. The authors also develop demonstration-level explanations for why lone protesters are more common in some demonstrations than in others. Precipitating events and inclusive social movement communities increase the proportion of lone demonstrators, which is also higher in static rallies than in moving demonstrations. These factors arguably make personal networks less crucial for protest mobilization.

  • 285. Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Methods for studying May Day demonstrators: Sampling, estimating non-response bias and pooling data with general population surveys2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson & Herbert Reiter, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, p. 262-278Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter concerns some methodological aspects of protest surveys and data analysis. We start by providing an overview of the demonstrations we surveyed, describe the protest survey sampling method and proceed to an analysis of non-response bias. Thereafter we discuss how we combine the data from different demonstrations into averages, and we also discuss some of the more technical aspects of coding.

  • 286.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Rootes, Christopher
    University of Kent.
    Framing “The Climate Issue”: Patterns of Participation and Prognostic Frames among Climate Summit Protesters2013In: Global Environmental Politics, ISSN 1526-3800, E-ISSN 1536-0091, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 101-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Did the protests surrounding recent climate summits mark the emergence of a climate justice movement? We analyze responses to surveys of three large demonstrations in Copenhagen, Brussels, and London, organized in connection with the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference (COP-15) to determine who demonstrated, and how and why the collective action frames employed by demonstrators varied. The demonstrations were products of the mobilization of broad coalitions of groups, and we find significant variation in demonstrators' prognostic framings—the ways in which they formulated solutions to climate problems. Most notably, there was a tension between system-critical framings and those oriented around individual action. A large proportion of demonstrators expressed affinity with the global justice movement (GJM), but we find little evidence of an emerging “climate justice” frame among rank-and-file protesters. Individual variations in framing reflect differences between the mobilization contexts of the three demonstrations, the perspectives and values of individual participants, and the extent of their identification with the GJM.

  • 287.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Partipolitiskt engagemang, demonstrationsdeltagande och internetaktivism i Skåne2013In: Vanor och attityder i förändring: samhälle, opinion och medier i Skåne / [ed] Jonas Ohlsson & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2013, p. 105-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Patterns of protest participation are changing2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 347-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    since the late 1960s, participation in political protests has become more common in sweden. Today, a large majority of swedes have at one point joined a demonstration or would be willing to join a demonstration, and around six percent of the population participates in a demonstra- tion at least once a year. This article uses survey data to discuss the changing protest patterns in relation to the country’s traditional corporatist political culture, with a focus on which groups participate in contemporary political protests. 

  • 289.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Pride anländer till Sverige: En resa i två etapper2017In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet / [ed] Filip Wijkström, Marta Reuter & Abbas Emami, Stockholm: European Civil Society Press , 2017, p. 35-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Prideparader hålls i dag på mer än 900 platser världen över varje år. Pride är – precis som arbetarrörelsens förstamajtåg – ett exempel på transnationell spridning av en manifestation för att påverka politik och samhälle. Initialt till minne av ett upplopp i New York i slutet av 1960-talet har denna parad blivit en årligen återkommande händelse på den globala HBTQ-kartan. Manifestationen används i dag inte bara för att påverka politik utan också för att stärka den egna gruppens sammanhållning. I kapitlet beskrivs paradens resa till Sverige. Trots en allt starkare och mer standardiserad transnationell praktik har den svenska scenen även fortsatt haft tydliga lokala inslag.

  • 290.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Radical left movements in Europe: An introduction2017In: Radical Left Movements in Europe / [ed] Magnus Wennerhag; Christian Fröhlich; Grzegorz Piotrowski, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Sociala rörelser, protester och politiskt våld – en forskningsöversikt2017In: Våldsbejakande extremism: en forskarantologi / [ed] Christofer Edling och Amir Rostami, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, p. 291-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den samtida forskningen om sociala rörelser erbjuder en rad insikter om politiskt motiverat våld: varför det uppkommer, vad som gör att våldsanvändning kan eskalera, men även vad som bidrar till att grupper inom en rörelse undviker eller slutar att använda våld. När man inom forskningen om sociala rörelser talar om radikalisering avser man vanligen de processer som leder till att grupper av aktivister inom en rörelse börjar använda våld eller trappar upp sitt användande av våld.

    Inom andra forskningsfält brukar radikalisering ofta relateras till sociala bakgrundsfaktorer, individuella omständigheter eller personlighetsdrag, vilka antas bidra till att enskilda individer börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld eller ansluter sig till grupper där våld används. En sådan förståelse av radikalisering har inte sällan legat till grund för myndighetsåtgärder för att förebygga eller bekämpa politiskt motiverad våldsbrottslighet.

    Utgångspunkten inom forskningen om sociala rörelser är i stället att de flesta individer som utför politiskt motiverade våldshandlingar redan är en del av en social rörelse. Det blir därmed relevant att undersöka de sociala processer inom en rörelse som kan leda till att vissa grupper inom en rörelse använder våld, samt hur dessa processer påverkas av interaktion med aktörer utanför rörelsen. Detta innebär också att forskningen inom detta fält mer sällan intresserar sig för de enskilda utövare av politiskt våld som agerar på egen hand och inte är knutna till en rörelse.

    Samtidigt har forskningen om sociala rörelser länge undersökt vilka individer som ansluter sig till rörelser och varför de gör det. I vissa studier har det även undersökts vilka individuella omständigheter som påverkar att rörelseaktivister börjar använda olagliga eller våldsamma metoder. Därmed kan den empiriska forskningen inom detta fält kasta nytt ljus över den förståelse av radikalisering som dominerat annan forskning och myndighetsåtgärder.

    I detta kapitel ges inledningsvis en övergripande bild av forskningsfältets framväxt och huvudsakliga kunskapsintressen. Därefter introduceras hur man inom detta fält har betraktat och undersökt fenomenet politiskt våld. Detta följs av en översikt över de faktorer som forskningen kunnat visa är betydelsefulla för att individer ansluter sig till sociala rörelser, samt för att vissa rörelseaktivister börjar använda våldsamma metoder. Därefter diskuteras forskningen om radikaliseringsprocesser, vilket här förstås som när grupper inom en social rörelse börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld. I fokus står de mekanismer på gruppnivå som vanligen är centrala för att grupper inom en social rörelse radikaliseras, något som även möjliggör insikter om hur dessa processer kan avbrytas. 

  • 292.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Who takes part in May Day marches?2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson & Herbert Reiter, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, p. 187-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I examine which socio-demographic groups take part in contemporary May Day demonstrations in Western Europe. In particular I focus on social class, but also on other relevant social categories such as gender, age and ethnicity and whether they vary between specific types of demonstrations and between the countries in our sample. Firstly, the chapter discusses the socio-demographic profiles of those taking part in such annual events. Are May Day participants more or less representative of the wider population? Do they differ from participants in other types of demonstrations? Secondly, I interrogate the composition and role of social class in May Day marches, both with regard to the individuals’ objective positions in the labour market and their subjective class identifications, and analyse the factors that shape May Day marchers’ class identity. Thirdly, I analyse which social and political characteristics most strongly influence individuals’ decisions to join a May Day parade. This chapter’s analysis is based on the survey data for individual demonstrators collected within the international research programme Caught in the Act of Protest: Contextualising Contestation (CCC). In this chapter I analyse the participants in fifteen May Day demonstrations in six Western European countries surveyed during the period 2010–2012 (cf. chapter 7). In order to determine whether participants in May Day demonstrations differ from participants in other types of street protests and marches, I also compare them with data from a sample of 23 additional demonstrations surveyed within the CCC project. In order to compare the social composition of the surveyed May Day demonstrations with the general population, I also use data from the European Social Survey and the Swedish SOM Institute’s national survey.

  • 293.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Fröhlich, ChristianHigher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.Piotrowski, GrzegorzSödertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). European Solidarity Centre, Gdansk, Poland.
    Radical left movements in Europe2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When the Iron Curtain lifted in 1989, it was seen by some as proof of the final demise of the ideas and aspirations of the radical left. Not many years passed, however, before the critique of capitalism and social inequalities were once again the main protest themes of social movements. This book provides an account of radical left movements in today’s Europe and how they are trying to accomplish social and political change.

    The book’s international group of leading experts provide detailed analysis on social movement organizations, activist groups, and networks that are rooted in the left-wing ideologies of anarchism, Marxism, socialism, and communism in both newly democratized post-communist and longstanding liberal-democratic polities. Through a range of case studies, the authors explore how radical left movements are influenced by their situated political and social contexts, and how contemporary radical left activism differs from both new and old social movements on one hand, and the activities of radical left parliamentary parties on the other. Ultimately, this volume investigates what it means to be ‘radical left’ in current day liberal-democratic and capi- talist societies after the fall of European state socialism.

    This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in European politics, contemporary social movements and political sociology.

  • 294.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Från sammanhållning till solidaritet2018In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 58-59, p. 8-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Både vetenskapliga teorier om hur samhället hålls samman och politiska förslag syftande till att öka sammanhållningen kretsar ofta kring begreppet solidaritet. Vad innebär samhällssolidaritet i en tid präglad avojämlikhet, ekonomisk globalisering och framväxande nationalism? Vilka former tar sig solidariteten inom välfärdsstaten – och vilka är vi egentligen solidariska med?

  • 295.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Piotrowski, Grzegorz
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Challenging Consensus in Civil Society: Anarchist activists in Poland and in Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Wenzer, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Olovsson, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Utvärdering av ett volontärprojekt i Kenya2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Kenyan development project and NGO Nikumbuke, which aims to empower the participating women due to patriarchal structures in the country. We have participated in the project as volunteers and studied the methods that Nikumbuke uses to achieve their goal and examined the experienced effects for the participants and possible difficulties that the project may face. To fulfill the purpose of this study a qualitative method was used. Additionally an evaluation method in combination with an analysis that focuses on the effects of the project has guided us throughout the work. The material was collected using semi-structured interviews, group interviews and participating observation. Relevant earlier research and theories consisting of Tillys theory about resistant inequality, empowerment and Bourdieus theory on the capital forms, habitus and field were used to analyze the empirical material.

    The result shows that the methods Nikumbuke use provides the women with tools to improve their abilities and capital volume that leads to empowerment, however the social norms, traditions and structural obstacles in Kenya are still problems that are difficult to change. Furthermore the fact that Nikumbuke is a NGO with limited economic resources makes the project dependent of others and risks extending the process of long term development effects.

  • 297.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Maybe Baby?: Reproductive Behaviour, Fertility Intentions, and Family Policies in Post-communist Countries, with a Special Focus on Ukraine2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies different aspects of reproductive behaviour on the international, national, and local levels in post-communist countries. The main focus is Ukraine, where fertility rates are very low and the population is in severe decline. The studies contribute new knowledge about the applicability of a family policy typology developed on the basis of Western countries’ experience for post-communist countries, and about the influence of family policies on fertility levels in these countries. Moreover, the studies investigate whether and how macro-level influences impact on individuals’ reproductive behaviour. Four articles are included in the thesis:

    Family policies in Ukraine and Russia in comparative perspective analyses the institutional set-up of family policies in both countries and compares the findings to 31 other countries. The results show that Ukrainian family policies support a male-breadwinner type of family, while the benefit levels of Russian family policies are low, compelling families to rely on relatives or the childcare market.

    Family policies and fertility - Examining the link between family policy institutions and fertility rates in 33 countries 1995-2010 comparatively explores whether family policies have an effect on fertility rates across the case-countries. Pooled time-series regression analysis demonstrates that gender-egalitarian family policies are connected to higher fertility rates, but that this effect is smaller at higher rates of female labour force participation.

    To have or not to have a child? Perceived constraints on childbearing in a lowest-low fertility context investigates the influence of the perception of postmodern values, childcare availability and environmental pollution on individuals’ fertility intentions in a city in Eastern Ukraine. It is shown that women who already have a child perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility intentions.

    Prevalence and correlates of the use of contraceptive methods by women in Ukraine in 1999 and 2007 examines changes in the prevalence and the correlates of the use of contraceptive methods. The use of modern contraceptive methods increased during the period and the use of traditional methods decreased, while the overall prevalence did not change. Higher exposure to messages about family planning in the media is correlated with the use of modern contraceptive methods.

  • 298.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Prevalence and correlates of the use of contraceptive methods by women in Ukraine in 1999 and 20072015In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 67, no 10, p. 1547-1570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the prevalence and the correlates of the use of contraceptive methods in Ukraine in 1999 and 2007. Between those years, the overall use of contraceptive methods decreased slightly. However, the use of modern contraceptive methods, and especially the use of condoms, increased considerably, while the use of traditional contraceptive methods decreased. Higher exposure to messages about family planning in the media was correlated with the use of modern contraceptive methods. It is posited that the results suggest that state policies influence individual behaviour in contraception.

  • 299.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala Universitet.
    To Have or Not to Have a Child?: Perceived Constraints on Childbearing in a Lowest-Low Fertility Context2015In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 86-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of perceived macro-level constraints on childbearing on women’s fertility decision-making on the micro level was analysed in Stakhanov, a city with a shrinking population in Eastern Ukraine. The perceived macro-level constraints employed in the study were related to childcare arrangements, value changes regarding family formation, and pollution of the environment and health concerns. To study the influence of those constraints, logistic regression analyses were conducted whereby first-birth and second-birth intentions were analysed separately. None of the constraints influenced childless women’s first-birth intentions. Instead, sociodemographic factors such as age and civil status appeared as significant predictors. That none of the constraints influenced childless women’s fertility intentions is interpreted to be an indicator of the strong norm of having at least one child in Ukraine.For women with one child, the fact that pollution of the environment and health concerns connected to childbirth were perceived as a constraint on childbearing at the national level was significantly associated with lower second-birth intentions. Women in Ukraine seem to perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility, possibly influenced by public discourse related to the health consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Moreover, the inhabitants of Stakhanov itself have experienced environmental pollution at close range. Those factors together could explain why environmental pollution and poor health were seen as constraints on childbearing at the national level, and the negative influence these had on second-birth intentions.It is argued that environmental pollution should be considered a factor influencing fertility decision-making. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 300.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet.
    Family policies and fertility: Examining the link between family policy institutions and fertility rates in 33 countries 1995-2010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In what ways are family policies related to fertility? Previous studies of OECD countries have arrived at mixed results when analysing the effects of family policy expenditures or formal benefit rates. This study draws on new institutional family policy data from a wider set of 33 countries in a multidimensional analysis of the link between family policy institutions and fertility 1995-2010. Pooled time-series regressions show that more extensive gender-egalitarian family policies, i.e. earner-carer support, are linked to higher fertility, while policies supporting more traditional family patterns show no statistically significant effects. Analyses of the interaction between earner-carer support and female labour force participation indicate that the impact of introducing more gender-egalitarian policies is stronger in countries with lower levels of female labour force participation. Regressions with differenced data sustain ideas of earner-carer support being linked to total fertility increase.

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