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  • 251.
    Tasmin, S.
    et al.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Ueda, K.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Yasumoto, S.
    Ritsumeikan University, Japan.
    Phung, V. L. H.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Oishi, M.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Yasukouchi, S.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Uehara, Y.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Michikawa, T.
    National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan.
    Nitta, H.
    National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan.
    Short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter and emergency ambulance dispatch for acute illness in Japan2016In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 566-567, 528-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Short-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to negative health outcomes that require an emergency medical response. However, few studies have been undertaken on this phenomenon to date. The aim of this study therefore was to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient suspended particulate matter (SPM) and emergency ambulance dispatches (EADs) for acute illness in Japan. Daily EAD data, daily mean SPM and meteorological data were obtained for four prefectures in the Kanto region of Japan for the period from 2007 to 2011. The area-specific association between daily EAD for acute illness and SPM was explored using generalized linear models while controlling for ambient temperature, relative humidity, seasonality, long-term trends, day of the week and public holidays. Stratified analyses were conducted to evaluate the modifying effects of age, sex and medical conditions. Area-specific estimates were combined using meta-analyses. For the total study period the mean level of SPM was 23.7 μg/m3. In general, higher SPM was associated with a significant increase in EAD for acute illness [estimated pooled relative risk (RR): 1.008, 95% CI: 1.007 to 1.010 per 10 μg/m3 increase in SPM at lag 0-1]. The effects of SPM on EAD for acute illness were significantly greater for moderate/mild medical conditions (e.g. cases that resulted in <3 weeks hospitalization or no hospitalization) when compared to severe medical conditions (e.g. critical cases, and cases that led to >3 weeks hospitalization or which resulted in death). Using EAD data, this study has shown the adverse health effects of ambient air pollution. This highlights the importance of reducing the level of air pollution in order to maintain population health and well-being.

  • 252.
    Tsenkova, Sasha
    et al.
    University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada .
    Polanska, Dominika V.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Between state and market: housing policy and housing transformation in post-socialist cities2014In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 79, no 4, 401-405 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Tyrovolas, Stefanos
    et al.
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Koyanagi, Ai
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Maria Haro, Josep
    University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
    Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the US Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-20122016In: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, ISSN 2212-2672, E-ISSN 2212-2680, Vol. 116, no 4, 579-589 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Prior research has indicated that several factors are associated with low energy dietary reporting; however, there is comparatively little information on the association between body image, weight control, and low energy reporting. Objective Our aim was to evaluate the association between low energy reporting and aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control in a nationally representative US adult sample. Design This was a cross-sectional study. Participants/setting Data were analyzed from 13,581 adults aged 20 years and older who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data on sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics, and weight perception, satisfaction, and control were collected. The ratio of reported energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate (EI/BMR) was calculated and used for the assessment of low energy reporting. Main outcome measures The relationship of low energy reporting with various aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control was evaluated. Statistical analyses performed Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the association between the variables. Results Low energy reporters were significantly more likely to consider themselves overweight (perception), want to weigh less (satisfaction), and to have tried to lose weight in the past 12 months (control). Compared with having no desire for weight change, wanting to weigh less was associated with 1.28 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.53) times higher odds for low energy reporting. Trying to lose weight was also associated with low energy reporting (odds ratio = 1.56; 95% CI 1.38 to 1.76). Effect modification by obesity status was observed for the weight perception, satisfaction, and control variables where the odds ratios of these factors for low energy reporting were higher among those who were not obese. Conclusion Weight perception, satisfaction, and control are related to low energy reporting, and should be taken into account in nutritional assessments. In addition, the effect of these factors can differ by obesity status.

  • 254.
    Utterborn, Ylva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Leguisamo, Pilar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Konsten att gilla sin kropp: En studie om kvinnors förmåga att utveckla en positiv kroppsuppfattning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As women's perception of their own body focuses on devaluing it rather than responding

    positively to it, current research on positive body image among women today is scarce.

    Previous research on the topic has mostly examined a negative body image and the

    relationship between media and the body. Considerable research for this study has been done

    by Frisén (2014) and Christina Holmqvist Gattario (2013), their studies have discussed the

    motives behind a positive body image, which has proven to be a focus on the body's function

    rather than appearance. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out how young women

    develop a positive body image. This study is qualitative in nature and consists of eight

    interviews conducted among young women aged 20 to 26 years. The theoretical framework

    selected for this essay is Roland Paulsens’ (2010) development of Pierre Bourdieus’

    (1979/2010) theory of Physical capital and Fanny Ambjörnsons’ (2003) theory of Making of

    femininity. The results of this study show that relationships with a boyfriend or family, have

    played a crucial role for the perception of a positive body image.

  • 255.
    Vals, Kaire
    et al.
    University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia / National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Kiivet, Raul-Allan
    University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Alcohol consumption, smoking and overweight as a burden for health care services utilization: a cross-sectional study in Estonia2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, 772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alcohol consumption, smoking and weight problems are common risk factors for different health problems. We examine how these risk factors are associated with the use of health care services.

    Methods: Data for 6500 individuals in the 25-64 age group came from three cross-sectional postal surveys conducted in 2004, 2006, and 2008 in Estonia. The effect of alcohol consumption, smoking and weight problems on the use of primary and specialist care services, hospitalizations and ambulance calls was analysed separately for men and women by using binary logistic regression.

    Results: Overweight and/or obesity were strongly related to the use of primary care and out-patient specialist services for both genders, and to hospitalizations and ambulance calls for women. Current smoking was related to ambulance calls for both genders, whereas smoking in the past was related to the use of primary care and specialist services among men and to hospitalizations among women. Beer drinking was negatively associated with all types of health care services and similar   association was found between wine drinking and hospitalizations. Wine drinking was positively related to specialist visits. The frequent drinking of strong alcohol led to an increased risk for ambulance calls. Drinking light alcoholic drinks was positively associated with all types of health care services (except ambulance calls) among men and with the use of specialist services among women.

    Conclusions: Overweight and smoking had the largest impact on health care utilization in Estonia. Considering the high prevalence of these behavioural risk factors, health policies should prioritize preventive programs that promote healthy lifestyles in order to decrease the disease burden and to reduce health care costs.

  • 256.
    Vandenheede, H.
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium / Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Deboosere, P.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
    Espelt, A.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Bopp, M.
    University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland .
    Borrell, C.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Costa, G.
    University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Eikemo, T. A.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway .
    Gnavi, R.
    University of Turin, Turin, Italy / Local Health Agency of Collegno and Pinerolo, Turin, Italy .
    Hoffmann, R.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Kulhanova, I.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands .
    Kulik, M.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands / University of California, San Francisco, USA .
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Martikainen, P.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Menvielle, G.
    French National Institute of Health and Medical Research,, Paris, France / Sorbonne University, Paris, France .
    Rodriguez-Sanz, M.
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Rychtarikova, J.
    Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic .
    Mackenbach, J. P.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Educational inequalities in diabetes mortality across Europe in the 2000s: the interaction with gender2015In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 60, no 4, 401-410 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To evaluate educational inequalities in diabetes mortality in Europe in the 2000s, and to assess whether these inequalities differ between genders. Methods: Data were obtained from mortality registries covering 14 European countries. To determine educational inequalities in diabetes mortality, age-standardised mortality rates, mortality rate ratios, and slope and relative indices of inequality were calculated. To assess whether the association between education and diabetes mortality differs between genders, diabetes mortality was regressed on gender, educational rank and ‘gender × educational rank’. Results: An inverse association between education and diabetes mortality exists in both genders across Europe. Absolute educational inequalities are generally larger among men than women; relative inequalities are generally more pronounced among women, the relative index of inequality being 2.8 (95 % CI 2.0–3.9) in men versus 4.8 (95 % CI 3.2–7.2) in women. Gender inequalities in diabetes mortality are more marked in the highest than the lowest educated. Conclusions: Education and diabetes mortality are inversely related in Europe in the 2000s. This association differs by gender, indicating the need to take the socioeconomic and gender dimension into account when developing public health policies. © 2015 The Author(s)

  • 257.
    Vasquez, Alexandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Khalaf, Nessim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    "Jag är svensk men...": En kvalitativ studie om inre konflikter hos svenskfödda ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study in sociology, where the study is based on interviews with seven swedish born adolescent who feel a belonging with three different cultural backgrounds. The aim of this study is to inquiry the underlying factors that can compose a possible inner identity conflict for adolescents with multiple cultural identities and how they handleit.The main focus of this study will be on adolescents who havehad their socialization in Sweden, however they grew up differently in comparison to the Swedish conditions. During this study it will be discussed how adolescent perceive themselves in relation to the Swedish society and what cultural background they identify the most with.The results show that the selected respondents feel that they do not suffer fromidentity problems. However, respondents express that there are a number of factors that affect how these young people who associates with multiple cultural backgrounds, perceive their position in Swedish society. This eventually leads to inner conflicts within themselves. The results show that the potential conflicts are based on the primary socialization colliding with societal norms. This has led to thatthe different upbringings has influenced the view of themselves as well as the ethnic Swedes perception of these young people. The results were analyzed using selected theories that included identity, socialization and role theory.

  • 258.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Alone in the crowd: Lone protesters in Western European demonstrations2014In: International Sociology, ISSN 0268-5809, E-ISSN 1461-7242, Vol. 29, no 6, 565-583 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While corroborating the fact that the majority of protesters attend demonstrations together with friends, family and/or fellow members of their organizations, this article shows that protesting alone remains an option for many people – under the right circumstances. Through multilevel analysis of survey data from participants in 69 demonstrations in eight Western European countries, the authors study lone protesters in different types of demonstrations. On the individual level, they show that protesting alone is closely linked to relative detachment from interpersonal mobilizing networks, as well as to short decision times. The authors also develop demonstration-level explanations for why lone protesters are more common in some demonstrations than in others. Precipitating events and inclusive social movement communities increase the proportion of lone demonstrators, which is also higher in static rallies than in moving demonstrations. These factors arguably make personal networks less crucial for protest mobilization.

  • 259. Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Methods for studying May Day demonstrators: Sampling, estimating non-response bias and pooling data with general population surveys2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson & Herbert Reiter, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, 262-278 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter concerns some methodological aspects of protest surveys and data analysis. We start by providing an overview of the demonstrations we surveyed, describe the protest survey sampling method and proceed to an analysis of non-response bias. Thereafter we discuss how we combine the data from different demonstrations into averages, and we also discuss some of the more technical aspects of coding.

  • 260.
    Wahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Rootes, Christopher
    University of Kent.
    Framing “The Climate Issue”: Patterns of Participation and Prognostic Frames among Climate Summit Protesters2013In: Global Environmental Politics, ISSN 1526-3800, E-ISSN 1536-0091, Vol. 13, no 4, 101-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Did the protests surrounding recent climate summits mark the emergence of a climate justice movement? We analyze responses to surveys of three large demonstrations in Copenhagen, Brussels, and London, organized in connection with the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference (COP-15) to determine who demonstrated, and how and why the collective action frames employed by demonstrators varied. The demonstrations were products of the mobilization of broad coalitions of groups, and we find significant variation in demonstrators' prognostic framings—the ways in which they formulated solutions to climate problems. Most notably, there was a tension between system-critical framings and those oriented around individual action. A large proportion of demonstrators expressed affinity with the global justice movement (GJM), but we find little evidence of an emerging “climate justice” frame among rank-and-file protesters. Individual variations in framing reflect differences between the mobilization contexts of the three demonstrations, the perspectives and values of individual participants, and the extent of their identification with the GJM.

  • 261.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Partipolitiskt engagemang, demonstrationsdeltagande och internetaktivism i Skåne2013In: Vanor och attityder i förändring: samhälle, opinion och medier i Skåne / [ed] Jonas Ohlsson & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2013, 105-120 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Patterns of protest participation are changing2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, 347-351 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    since the late 1960s, participation in political protests has become more common in sweden. Today, a large majority of swedes have at one point joined a demonstration or would be willing to join a demonstration, and around six percent of the population participates in a demonstra- tion at least once a year. This article uses survey data to discuss the changing protest patterns in relation to the country’s traditional corporatist political culture, with a focus on which groups participate in contemporary political protests. 

  • 263.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Pride anländer till Sverige: En resa i två etapper2017In: Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet / [ed] Filip Wijkström, Marta Reuter & Abbas Emami, Stockholm: European Civil Society Press , 2017, 35-61 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Prideparader hålls i dag på mer än 900 platser världen över varje år. Pride är – precis som arbetarrörelsens förstamajtåg – ett exempel på transnationell spridning av en manifestation för att påverka politik och samhälle. Initialt till minne av ett upplopp i New York i slutet av 1960-talet har denna parad blivit en årligen återkommande händelse på den globala HBTQ-kartan. Manifestationen används i dag inte bara för att påverka politik utan också för att stärka den egna gruppens sammanhållning. I kapitlet beskrivs paradens resa till Sverige. Trots en allt starkare och mer standardiserad transnationell praktik har den svenska scenen även fortsatt haft tydliga lokala inslag.

  • 264.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Sociala rörelser, protester och politiskt våld – en forskningsöversikt2017In: Våldsbejakande extremism: en forskarantologi / [ed] Christofer Edling och Amir Rostami, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, 291-322 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den samtida forskningen om sociala rörelser erbjuder en rad insikter om politiskt motiverat våld: varför det uppkommer, vad som gör att våldsanvändning kan eskalera, men även vad som bidrar till att grupper inom en rörelse undviker eller slutar att använda våld. När man inom forskningen om sociala rörelser talar om radikalisering avser man vanligen de processer som leder till att grupper av aktivister inom en rörelse börjar använda våld eller trappar upp sitt användande av våld.

    Inom andra forskningsfält brukar radikalisering ofta relateras till sociala bakgrundsfaktorer, individuella omständigheter eller personlighetsdrag, vilka antas bidra till att enskilda individer börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld eller ansluter sig till grupper där våld används. En sådan förståelse av radikalisering har inte sällan legat till grund för myndighetsåtgärder för att förebygga eller bekämpa politiskt motiverad våldsbrottslighet.

    Utgångspunkten inom forskningen om sociala rörelser är i stället att de flesta individer som utför politiskt motiverade våldshandlingar redan är en del av en social rörelse. Det blir därmed relevant att undersöka de sociala processer inom en rörelse som kan leda till att vissa grupper inom en rörelse använder våld, samt hur dessa processer påverkas av interaktion med aktörer utanför rörelsen. Detta innebär också att forskningen inom detta fält mer sällan intresserar sig för de enskilda utövare av politiskt våld som agerar på egen hand och inte är knutna till en rörelse.

    Samtidigt har forskningen om sociala rörelser länge undersökt vilka individer som ansluter sig till rörelser och varför de gör det. I vissa studier har det även undersökts vilka individuella omständigheter som påverkar att rörelseaktivister börjar använda olagliga eller våldsamma metoder. Därmed kan den empiriska forskningen inom detta fält kasta nytt ljus över den förståelse av radikalisering som dominerat annan forskning och myndighetsåtgärder.

    I detta kapitel ges inledningsvis en övergripande bild av forskningsfältets framväxt och huvudsakliga kunskapsintressen. Därefter introduceras hur man inom detta fält har betraktat och undersökt fenomenet politiskt våld. Detta följs av en översikt över de faktorer som forskningen kunnat visa är betydelsefulla för att individer ansluter sig till sociala rörelser, samt för att vissa rörelseaktivister börjar använda våldsamma metoder. Därefter diskuteras forskningen om radikaliseringsprocesser, vilket här förstås som när grupper inom en social rörelse börjar använda politiskt motiverat våld. I fokus står de mekanismer på gruppnivå som vanligen är centrala för att grupper inom en social rörelse radikaliseras, något som även möjliggör insikter om hur dessa processer kan avbrytas. 

  • 265.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Who takes part in May Day marches?2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson & Herbert Reiter, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, 187-216 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I examine which socio-demographic groups take part in contemporary May Day demonstrations in Western Europe. In particular I focus on social class, but also on other relevant social categories such as gender, age and ethnicity and whether they vary between specific types of demonstrations and between the countries in our sample. Firstly, the chapter discusses the socio-demographic profiles of those taking part in such annual events. Are May Day participants more or less representative of the wider population? Do they differ from participants in other types of demonstrations? Secondly, I interrogate the composition and role of social class in May Day marches, both with regard to the individuals’ objective positions in the labour market and their subjective class identifications, and analyse the factors that shape May Day marchers’ class identity. Thirdly, I analyse which social and political characteristics most strongly influence individuals’ decisions to join a May Day parade. This chapter’s analysis is based on the survey data for individual demonstrators collected within the international research programme Caught in the Act of Protest: Contextualising Contestation (CCC). In this chapter I analyse the participants in fifteen May Day demonstrations in six Western European countries surveyed during the period 2010–2012 (cf. chapter 7). In order to determine whether participants in May Day demonstrations differ from participants in other types of street protests and marches, I also compare them with data from a sample of 23 additional demonstrations surveyed within the CCC project. In order to compare the social composition of the surveyed May Day demonstrations with the general population, I also use data from the European Social Survey and the Swedish SOM Institute’s national survey.

  • 266.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Fröhlich, ChristianHigher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.Piotrowski, GrzegorzSödertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). European Solidarity Centre, Gdansk, Poland.
    Radical left movements in Europe2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When the Iron Curtain lifted in 1989, it was seen by some as proof of the final demise of the ideas and aspirations of the radical left. Not many years passed, however, before the critique of capitalism and social inequalities were once again the main protest themes of social movements. This book provides an account of radical left movements in today’s Europe and how they are trying to accomplish social and political change.

    The book’s international group of leading experts provide detailed analysis on social movement organizations, activist groups, and networks that are rooted in the left-wing ideologies of anarchism, Marxism, socialism, and communism in both newly democratized post-communist and longstanding liberal-democratic polities. Through a range of case studies, the authors explore how radical left movements are influenced by their situated political and social contexts, and how contemporary radical left activism differs from both new and old social movements on one hand, and the activities of radical left parliamentary parties on the other. Ultimately, this volume investigates what it means to be ‘radical left’ in current day liberal-democratic and capi- talist societies after the fall of European state socialism.

    This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in European politics, contemporary social movements and political sociology.

  • 267.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Piotrowski, Grzegorz
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Challenging Consensus in Civil Society: Anarchist activists in Poland and in Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Wenzer, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Olovsson, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Utvärdering av ett volontärprojekt i Kenya2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Kenyan development project and NGO Nikumbuke, which aims to empower the participating women due to patriarchal structures in the country. We have participated in the project as volunteers and studied the methods that Nikumbuke uses to achieve their goal and examined the experienced effects for the participants and possible difficulties that the project may face. To fulfill the purpose of this study a qualitative method was used. Additionally an evaluation method in combination with an analysis that focuses on the effects of the project has guided us throughout the work. The material was collected using semi-structured interviews, group interviews and participating observation. Relevant earlier research and theories consisting of Tillys theory about resistant inequality, empowerment and Bourdieus theory on the capital forms, habitus and field were used to analyze the empirical material.

    The result shows that the methods Nikumbuke use provides the women with tools to improve their abilities and capital volume that leads to empowerment, however the social norms, traditions and structural obstacles in Kenya are still problems that are difficult to change. Furthermore the fact that Nikumbuke is a NGO with limited economic resources makes the project dependent of others and risks extending the process of long term development effects.

  • 269.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Maybe Baby?: Reproductive Behaviour, Fertility Intentions, and Family Policies in Post-communist Countries, with a Special Focus on Ukraine2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies different aspects of reproductive behaviour on the international, national, and local levels in post-communist countries. The main focus is Ukraine, where fertility rates are very low and the population is in severe decline. The studies contribute new knowledge about the applicability of a family policy typology developed on the basis of Western countries’ experience for post-communist countries, and about the influence of family policies on fertility levels in these countries. Moreover, the studies investigate whether and how macro-level influences impact on individuals’ reproductive behaviour. Four articles are included in the thesis:

    Family policies in Ukraine and Russia in comparative perspective analyses the institutional set-up of family policies in both countries and compares the findings to 31 other countries. The results show that Ukrainian family policies support a male-breadwinner type of family, while the benefit levels of Russian family policies are low, compelling families to rely on relatives or the childcare market.

    Family policies and fertility - Examining the link between family policy institutions and fertility rates in 33 countries 1995-2010 comparatively explores whether family policies have an effect on fertility rates across the case-countries. Pooled time-series regression analysis demonstrates that gender-egalitarian family policies are connected to higher fertility rates, but that this effect is smaller at higher rates of female labour force participation.

    To have or not to have a child? Perceived constraints on childbearing in a lowest-low fertility context investigates the influence of the perception of postmodern values, childcare availability and environmental pollution on individuals’ fertility intentions in a city in Eastern Ukraine. It is shown that women who already have a child perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility intentions.

    Prevalence and correlates of the use of contraceptive methods by women in Ukraine in 1999 and 2007 examines changes in the prevalence and the correlates of the use of contraceptive methods. The use of modern contraceptive methods increased during the period and the use of traditional methods decreased, while the overall prevalence did not change. Higher exposure to messages about family planning in the media is correlated with the use of modern contraceptive methods.

  • 270.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Prevalence and correlates of the use of contraceptive methods by women in Ukraine in 1999 and 20072015In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 67, no 10, 1547-1570 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the prevalence and the correlates of the use of contraceptive methods in Ukraine in 1999 and 2007. Between those years, the overall use of contraceptive methods decreased slightly. However, the use of modern contraceptive methods, and especially the use of condoms, increased considerably, while the use of traditional contraceptive methods decreased. Higher exposure to messages about family planning in the media was correlated with the use of modern contraceptive methods. It is posited that the results suggest that state policies influence individual behaviour in contraception.

  • 271.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala Universitet.
    To Have or Not to Have a Child?: Perceived Constraints on Childbearing in a Lowest-Low Fertility Context2015In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 21, no 1, 86-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of perceived macro-level constraints on childbearing on women’s fertility decision-making on the micro level was analysed in Stakhanov, a city with a shrinking population in Eastern Ukraine. The perceived macro-level constraints employed in the study were related to childcare arrangements, value changes regarding family formation, and pollution of the environment and health concerns. To study the influence of those constraints, logistic regression analyses were conducted whereby first-birth and second-birth intentions were analysed separately. None of the constraints influenced childless women’s first-birth intentions. Instead, sociodemographic factors such as age and civil status appeared as significant predictors. That none of the constraints influenced childless women’s fertility intentions is interpreted to be an indicator of the strong norm of having at least one child in Ukraine.For women with one child, the fact that pollution of the environment and health concerns connected to childbirth were perceived as a constraint on childbearing at the national level was significantly associated with lower second-birth intentions. Women in Ukraine seem to perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility, possibly influenced by public discourse related to the health consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Moreover, the inhabitants of Stakhanov itself have experienced environmental pollution at close range. Those factors together could explain why environmental pollution and poor health were seen as constraints on childbearing at the national level, and the negative influence these had on second-birth intentions.It is argued that environmental pollution should be considered a factor influencing fertility decision-making. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 272.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet.
    Family policies and fertility: Examining the link between family policy institutions and fertility rates in 33 countries 1995-2010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In what ways are family policies related to fertility? Previous studies of OECD countries have arrived at mixed results when analysing the effects of family policy expenditures or formal benefit rates. This study draws on new institutional family policy data from a wider set of 33 countries in a multidimensional analysis of the link between family policy institutions and fertility 1995-2010. Pooled time-series regressions show that more extensive gender-egalitarian family policies, i.e. earner-carer support, are linked to higher fertility, while policies supporting more traditional family patterns show no statistically significant effects. Analyses of the interaction between earner-carer support and female labour force participation indicate that the impact of introducing more gender-egalitarian policies is stronger in countries with lower levels of female labour force participation. Regressions with differenced data sustain ideas of earner-carer support being linked to total fertility increase.

  • 273.
    Wesolowski, Katharina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ferrarini, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet.
    Family policies in Ukraine and Russia in comparative perspectiveArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares the institutional setting of family policies in Ukraine and Russia with 31 countries, including post-communist countries and other EU and OECD countries. Large-scale systematic comparisons of family policies in Ukraine and Russia with longstanding welfare states and other post-communist European countries have so far been lacking. The analyses are based on a comparative institutional approach, which captures the content of legislation multidimensionally instead of focusing only on social expenditure. This enables an evaluation of the structure of Ukrainian and Russian family policies in relation to other countries in 2005. Analyses show that Ukraine and Russia differ considerably in terms of family policy, as do other post-communist countries. Ukraine more actively supports traditional family patterns, while Russia leaves greater room for market forces. The policies in Ukraine and Russia are likely to be insufficient when it comes to addressing work-family conflicts and increasing long-term fertility.

  • 274.
    Wijkström, Filip
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Reuter, MartaStockholms universitet / Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.Emami, AbbasSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Civilsamhället i det transnationella rummet2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Yazawa, Aki
    et al.
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Inoue, Yosuke
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Fujiwara, Takeo
    National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Shirai, Kokoro
    University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan.
    Amemiya, Airi
    National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
    Kondo, Naoki
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Watanabe, Chiho
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Kondo, Katsunori
    Chiba University, Chiba, Japan / Nihon Fukushi University, Aichi, Japan.
    Association between social participation and hypertension among older people in Japan: the JAGES Study2016In: Hypertension Research, ISSN 0916-9636, E-ISSN 1348-4214, Vol. 39, 818-824 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of mortality in the world. Although previous studies have focused on individual-level behavioral risk factors associated with hypertension, there has been little research on how interacting with others, that is social participation, affects hypertension. To address this research gap, this study examined the association between social participation and hypertension in Japan, a country with a high prevalence of hypertension possibly linked to rapid population aging. Data were used from 4582 participants aged more than 65 years who participated in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Survey (JAGES) with blood pressure data collected during a health check-up. The frequency of participation in vertical organizations (characterized by hierarchical relationships) and horizontal organizations (characterized by non-hierarchical, egalitarian relationships) was measured by a questionnaire. In a Poisson regression analysis, participation in vertical organizations was not associated with hypertension, whereas participation in horizontal organizations at least once a month was inversely associated with hypertension (prevalence ratio: 0.941). This association remained significant after adjusting for social support variables, although further adjustment for health behaviors attenuated the association. As the frequency of going out and average time spent walking were both associated with hypertension, physical activity may be a possible pathway that connects social participation and hypertension. The results of this study suggest that expanding social participation programs, especially those involving horizontal organizations, may be one way to promote better health among older people in Japan.

  • 276.
    Yazawa, Aki
    et al.
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan .
    Inoue, Yosuke
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan .
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan .
    Li, Dandan
    Hainan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Haikou, Hainan, China.
    Du, Jianwei
    Hainan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Haikou, Hainan, China.
    Watanabe, Chiho
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    The Effects of Season of Birth on the Inflammatory Response to Psychological Stress in Hainan Island, China.2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 10, e0139602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Season of birth (SOB) has been investigated as one of the environmental factors that might epigenetically determine the physiology of individuals. This study investigated the role of SOB in the association between Quality of Life (QOL), a proxy of psychological stress status, and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration (i.e., inflammatory status) among 1,085 adults (aged 20-57 years old) in Hainan Island, China. High sensitivity CRP concentration was measured in dried blood spot samples, while the abbreviated version of the World Health Organization's QOL questionnaire was used to gather information on six QOL domains. Analysis stratified by three historically distinct age groups revealed a significant association between CRP concentration, SOB, QOL and an interaction between SOB and QOL among the youngest and oldest groups. In the oldest group, those born in the dry season had a higher CRP concentration with worse QOL whereas in the youngest group, there was a higher CRP concentration with better QOL. Annual per capita rice production, a proxy of population nutritional status in the year of birth, was found to predict CRP concentration only among the second oldest group. These findings suggest that the early environment might affect the immune response to psychological stress in adulthood and that its effect may differ by the time period in which people were born.

  • 277.
    Zachrison, Linnea
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Ruchkin, Vladislav
    Uppsala University / Yale University Medical School, New Haven, USA / Säter Forensic Psychiatric Clinic.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).
    Koposov, Roman
    Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Tromsø, Norway.
    Inhalant Use and Mental Health Problems in Russian Juvenile Delinquents2017In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 52, no 12, 1616-1623 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior.

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia.

    METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports.

    RESULTS: Compared to non-users (N = 266), inhalant users (N = 104) reported higher rates of PTSD, early onset conduct disorder, ADHD, alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as higher levels of antisocial behavior, impulsiveness and more psychopathic traits. Frequent inhalant users also reported the highest rates of co-occurring psychopathology.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inhalant use in delinquents is frequent and may require additional clinical measures to address the issue of psychiatric comorbidity.

  • 278.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Attaining Whiteness: A Sociological Study of Race and Racialization in Russia2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Attaining Whiteness is the first book-length sociological study of how ideas about race resonate in post-Soviet Russia. The book charts how tropes of self, hybridity, and maturity constitute important symbolic vehicles for applying the idea of race to the drawing of differences. A new theoretical framework is developed that casts light on fields of study that have not yet received sufficient attention in Western European and American research concerning racial issues. This study of racialization takes a step towards providing a better understanding of how the discourses of race are extended and transformed through the production of social knowledge and social relations. This volume addresses the resilience of genetic criteria for defining cultures and behaviors in both the sciences and humanities in Russia, and also examines the ongoing and pervasive policy of racialized exclusion. The study argues that the concepts and practices of race, whiteness, and Russianness operate ambivalently insofar as they both hold the social fabric together, organizing the perception of the “Other”, but also undermine the unity of society. Racialization thus fosters, first, the sense that Russia belongs to the core of civilization as opposed to the Third World; second, the formulation of policies towards the internal peripheries that support social control informed by the notion of human material; and, finally, the promotion of exclusionary ethnic self-identifications that employ the discourse of hybridity.

  • 279.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mischa Gabowitsch, Putin kaputt!? Russlands neue Protestkultur (Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2013)2014In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, 460-464 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Race and Racism in Russia2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, there have been striking changes in racial ideas, practices, exclusions and violence in Russia. By showing how the processes of globalization and racialization are interrelated, Zakharov seeks to demonstrate and explore the roles these play in Russia's new nationhood project. The book employs a new threefold theoretical elaboration of racialization, examining the process in terms of 'making', 'doing', and finally 'becoming'. These three elements are considered through discussions of a wide variety of aspects of Russian identity and nationalism, from the analysis of subcultures to explorations of nation-building. 

  • 281.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala University.
    The social movement against immigration as the vehicle and the agent of racialization in Russia2013In: Beyond NGO-ization: The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Jacobsson Kerstin & Saxonberg Steven, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013, 169-189 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ivanou, Aleh
    ‘Tolerance' Frame As a Hindrance to Effective Public/Authorities Feedback in Belarus2014In: RC36 Alienation Theory and Research (host committee): Post-colonized Eastern Europe: Overcoming Alienation and Social Fatigue, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report is going to consider ‘tolerance’ as an ideological frame. A critical assessment will be done of tolerance on the part of Belarusian people.

    It is going to be shown that a) tolerance as an invariably beneficent trait of the Belarusian people is quite mistaken, b) that the ‘tolerance’ frame interferes with democratic governance principles as accepted and practiced worldwide, c) that responses to public dissatisfaction (part and parcel of normal governance systems) in Belarus are complicated due to persistence of the ‘tolerance’ frame; and d) that for the more fortunate and sustainable democratic outcomes in Belarus a regular public/authority feedback should be restored by getting rid of ‘tolerance’ as part of the ideological apparatus.

    The idea of this paper concerns ‘tolerance’ as it enters democratic governance schemes and might be leading to their malfunction. The word tolerance is widely used in liberal democracies and is ascribed a positive meaning. However, it appears that tolerance is not necessarily a virtue. The word tolerance has negative connotations as it acknowledges a problem. The danger with the ideological frame ‘tolerance’ is that it might enter democratic governance models where it can effectively block public responses to dissatisfaction. This way, the system is incapable of conveying public dissatisfaction, and the stimulus is removed for the authorities to improve their work. This might be evident in Belarus, where people have little opportunity to convey their dissatisfaction, given that they are considered as well as consider themselves ‘tolerant’. In this case, their tolerance, being mere holding on, is a potential volcano.

  • 283.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Lastouski, Aliaksei
    Hort, Sven
    Belarus - Another 'Iceberg Society'?: Class, Memory, Nation-Building and State-formation in European Modernity.2016In: Class, Sex and Revolutions: Göran Therborn - a critical appraisal / [ed] Gunnar Olofsson ; Sven Hort, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2016, 155-183 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Law, Ian
    University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Post-Soviet Racisms2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is novel not only in its theoretical framework, which places racialisation in post-communist societies and their modernist political projects at the centre of processes of global racism, but also in being the first account to examine both these new national contexts and the interconnections between racisms in these four regions of the Baltic states, the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, and elsewhere. Assessments of the significance of the contemporary geopolitical contexts of armed conflict, economic transformation and political transition for racial discourse are central themes, and the book highlights the creative, innovative and persistent power of contemporary forms of racial governance which has central significance for understanding contemporary societies.

  • 285.
    Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Us gamers want exactly what we have always wanted”: den avpolitiserade spelaren och dess ideologiska andra2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the sharp criticism directed at video games that embrace different types of what I call progressive elements, primarily those that include diversity, representation, or deviate from traditional video gaming mechanics and norms. The study is a discourse analysis of YouTube videos, where the starting point has been how the arguments construct a problem in relation to these progressive elements, with specific causes and solutions. By deconstructing these statements and then reconstructing a chain of equivalence, i.e. relations between subject positions, this shows how a binary logic carries the discourse where a specific ‘we’, The Gamer, are up against a specific ‘them’, the Social Justice Warriors (SJWs). By ways of binary discursive exclusions, the groups are constructed as opposites. In the discourse, The Gamer becomes depoliticized by relating it to concepts of rationality, game culture and the free market, whilst SJWs are associated with censorship, ideology, and non-games. In this way, The Gamer makes invisible its association with masculinity and an often pseudo-meritocratic and Social Darwinist ideology, and claims an interpretative prerogative and oppose any kind of change, on basis of truth and facts.

  • 286.
    Östergren, Olof
    et al.
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University / Karolinska Institutet.
    Lundberg, Olle
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University / Karolinska Institutet.
    Artnik, Barbara
    University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Bopp, Matthias
    University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Borrell, Carme
    Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Kalediene, Ramune
    Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Martikainen, Pekka
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Regidor, Enrique
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica
    Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    de Gelder, Rianne
    Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Mackenbach, Johan P
    Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Educational expansion and inequalities in mortality - A fixed-effects analysis using longitudinal data from 18 European populations2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 8, e0182526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to empirically evaluate whether widening educational inequalities in mortality are related to the substantive shifts that have occurred in the educational distribution.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on education and mortality from 18 European populations across several decades were collected and harmonized as part of the Demetriq project. Using a fixed-effects approach to account for time trends and national variation in mortality, we formally test whether the magnitude of relative inequalities in mortality by education is associated with the gender and age-group specific proportion of high and low educated respectively.

    RESULTS: The results suggest that in populations with larger proportions of high educated and smaller proportions of low educated, the excess mortality among intermediate and low educated is larger, all other things being equal.

    CONCLUSION: We conclude that the widening educational inequalities in mortality being observed in recent decades may in part be attributed to educational expansion.

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