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  • 251.
    Carlstedt, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Rask, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Att utveckla en modern webbplats: Är responsiv design framtiden?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The IT industry is constantly evolving and it's more or less a requirement today for web developers to be familiar with and to be able to develop for all platforms. A technique that has taken hold and is now widely used is responsive design. Developing responsive design means adapting the layout to the viewing environment; the screen size. Another useful method when developing for different devices is the mobile first theory, which means developing for the mobile screen first. This is done to scale down the site and to clear unnecessary information in order to provide a better user experience. In this work we have developed a new design for the site greenb.se, using the mobile first theory to create a responsive website. 

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  • 252.
    Carvajal, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Olsson von Koch, Ebba
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Onlinedejting via lokaliseringsapplikation: En studie om hur mobilapplikationen Badoo används ute på krogen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online dating and “People nearby applications” (PNA) has become more popular in today’s society. With PNA you can easily find people who are nearby you that you can socialize with and maybe even meet. In this paper we study the mobile application Badoo and explore how it is used for dating in clubs in Stockholm through observations that we participated in. We also had a group interview with five Badoo users about their usage of the application. It turned out that they mostly used Badoo during daytime to socialize with other people. Our observations in this study showed that Badoo is used by some people for dating when out in nightclubs but many people are more likely to use it when they are at home for other types of dates, such as meeting for sexual activities etc, at this time of the day.

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  • 253.
    Caspillo, Nasim Reyhanian
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology. Örebro universitet.
    Hitting the mark: Studies of alterations in behaviour and fertility in ethinyl estradiol-exposed zebrafish and search related biomarkers2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, we have analysed the effects of EE2 on non-reproductive behaviours and fertility. We have showed that two doses of EE2 in male adult short-term exposures evokes opposite behaviours in the novel tank test. A lower dose induced increased bottom-dwelling, a sign of increased anxiety and a higher dose increased surface-dwelling, which would likely expose themselves to predation in a natural environment. Increased shoaling was observed in both exposures, possibly affecting feeding and reproduction opportunities. Fertility analysis of these fish demonstrated a complete inhibition of spawning in the highest dose group. To investigate mechanisms behind the spawning failure, we examined expression levels of genes involved in zebrafish sex differentiation and maintenance of gonadal function. We found downregulated transcription levels of male-predominant genes, suggesting a demasculinization of the testes contributing to functional sterility in these fish. We have demonstrated that non-reproductive behaviour in zebrafish is highly sensitive to EE2 exposure during development. After exposing male and female zebrafish to low doses of EE2 followed by remediation in clean water until adulthood, the fish displayed increased anxiety and shoaling behaviour, demonstrating persistent effects of EE2. Furthermore, behavioural effects were transferred to their progeny. Decreased fertilisation success of the developmentally exposed fish was observed in both sexes when mated to untreated animals of the opposite sex. These fertility effects persisted although the fish had a long remediation period, implying likely reduced fitness of fish populations in aquatic environments. Based on our findings on non-reproductive behaviours and fertility, we performed RNAsequencing analysis of the brain and testes in order to investigate possible biological mechanisms behind the persistent effects. There is a need for biomarkers allowing detection of both reversible and irreversible effects in animals exposed to estrogenic substances, hopefully contributing to better risk assessments for EDCs. Results from RNA-sequencing would serve as a basis for continued studies in pursuit of potential biomarkers.

  • 254.
    Cautin, Stefan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Holmström, Mia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Uppfattning av karaktärsroller genom visuell design: Tolkning av associationer, utrustning och kroppsattribut i MOBA-spel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study analyses how gamers perceive and visually interpret characters from two MOBA games: League of Legends, and Defense of the Ancients 2, to broaden the research of visual character design. Subjects were randomly presented with an image and a video of one of six characters from either game. Interviews and thematic analysis reveal that gamers are able to explain a character’s personality and role in the game with help from visual attributes, shapes, animations and abilities, despite the lack of a presented backstory. The top-down view and the absence of a traditional narrative forced gamers to pay attention to the characters’ abilities, body attributes, visual expressions and movement patterns. Gamers perceived characters in the video differently from the image because of their in-game presentation, which also influenced believability of the character.

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  • 255.
    Cederberg, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Changing financial behaviors using mobile PFM tools2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the needs of a PFM (Personal Financial Management) tool in a projected banking app, where information is presented as statistics of the users’ personal economy. By studying how youths would like to monitor their finances in a banking app the paper aims to investigate what a PFM tool could include to attract consumers to use it in order to get a better control of their finances. The question of the paper is therefore: How can a banking app containing a PFM contribute to greater awareness of the users’ finances and savings, and how should such an app be designed?

    User tests were made to investigate what kind of statistics the users want in a PFM tool in a mobile app. The Delphi method was used to get a ranked list of ten suggestions, and a focus group interview was conducted to analyze the results further and to contribute to a qualitative view of the paper.

    The test results together with previous research show that a PFM tool included in a banking app could attract the target group to monitor their money, and also encourage them to save more. The respondents would like to have general statistics over their economy in a PFM tool, but also the possibility to monthly set personal budgets and monitor how well they are respected.

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  • 256.
    Ceken, Fatma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Mutvei, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Mattsson, Jan-Eric
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    The use of the theory of conceptual profiles to assess learning outcome2016In: Electronic Proceedings of the ESERA 2015 Conference: Science education research: Engaging learners for a sustainable future, Part 16 / [ed] J. Lavonen, K. Juuti, J. Lampiselkä, A. Uitto & K. Hahl (Eds.); co-eds. P. Kariotoglou & T. Russell, Helsinki: University of Helsinki, 2016, p. 2716-2721Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Schools Inspectorate (2012) made an evaluation of the quality in science teaching in year 1–3 in the Swedish compulsory school. Large differences were found among the 30 schools studied. Often teaching only consisted of mediating facts or experiments made by the teacher. The students rarely got an opportunity to learn through systematic investigations. Less than 60% of the lessons observed involved activities were the students to large extent met scientific methods. Also, good examples were found in schools were the teachers consciously let the students make hypotheses about what will happen in an experiment. In many schools the teacher use readymade teaching packages. Generally, they consist of instructions for how series of lessons with different themes may be planned and performed by using the material included. Some of the packages also include education of the teachers. According to the School Inspectorate teachers without education in science claim that with help of the packages they have been able to teach in all areas of school science. Teachers sometime use the packages as inspiration, but chose other methods for their teaching. The purpose of this study was to examine how students in primary school use concepts and to study their conceptual development during two sequences of lessons, primarily based on the student’s own documentations. Written diaries and reports of the students were analysed in order to construct their conceptual profiles and to follow their development. The assessment of the performances in relation to the knowledge requirement evaluated students ability to discuss simple questions concerning chemical processes, plan simple experiments and formulate simple question. The study shows that observations, discussions, and written documentation of simple experiments promotes conceptual development.

  • 257.
    Chabchoub, Hannan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Said, Shadi
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Polugic, Tijana
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Spöken till salu: En fänglande studie om kommersialiseringen av död och lidande2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to obtain a better understanding of what factors affect the motivation for visiting Dark Tourism sites and the way that these sites are regarded. By providing such an insight this study contributes to a greater understanding of Dark Tourism.  In order to find answers to our questions, we interviewed several representatives at different sites and also carried out observations at three Dark Tourism attractions to reach a better understanding of the visors’ motivations for visiting this kind of tourist attractions. In our study we have concluded that people have become increasingly interested in visiting such Dark Tourism sites even though these may seem scary or uncomfortable. Our research has helped us to find answers to the questions that we asked and we have concluded that people have become more curious and want to know more about terrible events and why they took place.

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    Spöken till salu
  • 258. Chamakuri, Srinivas
    et al.
    Guduru, Shiva Krishna Reddy
    Pamu, Sreedhar
    Chandrasekar, Gayathri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kitambi, Satish Srinivas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Karolinska institutet.
    Arya, Prabhat
    A Modular Approach to Build Macrocyclic Diversity in Aminoindoline Scaffolds Identifies Antiangiogenesis Agents from a Zebrafish Assay2013In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 19, p. 3959-3964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A modular approach to explore the macrocyclic chemical space around an aminoindoline scaffold is developed. This is achieved by incorporating an amino acid moiety and subsequent stitching technology. Through screening of a zebrafish assay, several antiangiogenesis agents are identified.

  • 259.
    Chan, Ronny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Plym, Linnéa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Att leva med AutoCorrect: en studie om uppfattningen om AutoCorrects inverkan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The smartphone is part of our daily life. Smartphone users type on a screen area that is no larger than the palm of a hand. To help with this endeavor the software known as AutoCorrect was created. However little is known about how AutoCorrect actually change the language and if AutoCorrect users at all perceive the impact it has. This study aims to find out if our test subjects are aware of AutoCorrect’s presence and how much it influences them. To do this our test subjects had to use smartphones to type two different texts. After categorizing the spelling errors according to AutoCorrect’s algorithm weights we compared the test data with the information from the interviews to determine problematic areas caused by AutoCorrect when typing. Our research show that using AutoCorrect makes the process of typing faster since there is no need for a high accuracy. However it does not necessarily make a user finish typing a text faster since they frequently have to pause to process AutoCorrect’s suggestions and words that are marked as erroneous. If AutoCorrect marked a word as wrong but did not offer a suggestion the test subjects would doubt their own spelling and try different versions of the word until they found one they were satisfied with. This would significantly slow them down compared to if they had typed the text without AutoCorrect. 

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  • 260.
    Chand, Kiran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Yiangou, Karolina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Sinnens betydelse på tjänstelandskapet och dess effekter på besökarna: En studie om Yasuragi Hasseludden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and questions: The purpose with this study is to get a deeper insight of sensory marketing within the spa industry through: ● Interpreting the significance of the senses in the servicescape. ● Examining the effects that sensory marketing have on the visitors. Method: In this study we have done a qualitative and quantitative study to get a deeper understanding for sensory marketing on Yasuragi. The qualitative approach has been applied through five telephone interviews and one observation of Yasuragi. The quantitative approach has been applied through 50 surveys with the visitors of Yasuragi. Conclusion: Our study shows that the five senses have a crucial role in customer perception of the brand as the majority of customers responded positively to the multi-sensory experience the spa hotel offers. Many of the visitors at Yasuragi appreciated the rare Japanese theme that made the spa hotel differentiate itself among the other spa hotels throughout Sweden. The findings also show that the impact of sensory marketing on visitors at Yasuragi varied from person to person, suggesting that the results could not be generalized. This conclusion has partly been taken because we have been able to see that the individuals who visited the restaurant experienced the sense of taste differently.

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  • 261.
    Chen, Fang
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Internet and Democracy: A study of the Internet’s influence in a democratization process in China2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of the Internet, instant access to information from all over the world and interacting on social media has become a part of our daily lives. However in China, the media and the Internet is strictly controlled to suppress any opposition, thus limiting and violating the freedom of speech. Some argues that free media promotes democratic values, hence the purpose of this study has been to examine the impact that a free access to information could have on the Chinese society and how the influence of the Internet could impact the Chinese Communist party’s political power.

    The methodology for this study has been a single case study approach, and the collection of empirical data has been conducted by semi-structured interviews with scholars, NGO and government official. The conclusion was that the respondents had shared views on the level of influence that a free access to information on the Internet could have, however it was clearly indicated that it was important for promoting democracy. It was also concluded that the Chinese government has been able to stay in power due to suppression, economic development and to some extent legitimacy. The impact of a free Internet could have on the party’s political power depends on how well the government can convince the population that they politics is still legitimate and effective.

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    Internet and Democracy
  • 262.
    Chiniquy, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Lyckade spelkomponenter: Vad ligger bakom World of Warcrafts popularitet?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I intend to analyze the MMORPG game World of Warcraft by conducting a formal analysis as a way to isolate game mechanics and elements that could be viewed as well-functioning and well-designed. I will also be breaking down the core components of World of Warcraft using the Interaction Centric Framework to complement the study. The results show that World of Warcraft employs a number of features and design choices that differentiates itself from other games, such as stripping the game of story elements and distilling the gameplay to a basic “carrot on a stick” formula, also leaving the player completely uninterrupted and undeterred during gameplay. 

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    lyckade_spelkomponenter_2012
  • 263.
    Chiniquy, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Thomasgymnasiet: En rapport om en gymnasieskolas nya marknadsföringsmaterial2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport redovisar utvecklingen av grafiskt material som skapades åt Thomasgymnasiet i Strängnäs kommun i ett försök att uppdatera deras image om att dem är en modern skola. Under utvecklingen så skapades det ett flertal olika skisser, en moodboard och slutligen nio flyers och två olika affischer. Jag använde mig av Strängnäs kommuns officiella grafiska profil för att ledsaga utvecklingen, men försökte ändå att introducera nya element som kunde anses som acceptabelt av skolans ledning. Slutresultatet blev godkänt av skolans rektor, däremot så hann dem inte skrivas ut och skickas iväg till potentiella elever.

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  • 264.
    Christner, Gabriel
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Aiducate.se: Hur man skapar en modern webbsida2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the creative process of the website aiducate.se, which purpose is to support, motivate and guide high school students in their education. The project was conducted independently without any employers and lasted for a period of ten weeks. The basis of the project was a prior study that showed a lack of motivation among high school students. A supplementary survey showed that the students wanted to modernize the education with contemporary teaching methods. As a complement to high school education, the innovation Aiducate was made which in the future will include various tools for the studies. Everything from how to write a report to how to get inspiration. Within the framework of this thesis a simpler beta version of the website was presented. This included a complete graphic profile, responsive design and some features such as a forum and user account. The report also follows the development of the website in the popular CMS tool WordPress. Theoretical background has anchored all final decisions for the website’s design and function, which also reconnects through user testing.

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  • 265.
    Christner, Gabriel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Utas, André
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Matematik är roligt! En undersökning av attityder gentemot animation som läromedel inom matematik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to international measures, it is clear that the Swedish students have lagged behind concerning their results in mathematics compared to numerous other countries in the world. As it is noticed that learners general interest in the subject is weakened, the search for alternative methods of teaching mathematics has become increasingly important in order to turn this development around. This study examines how Swedish high school students and a teacher's attitudes look like in terms of multimedia animation and its learning potential. Furthermore, the study also addresses how animations can be designed for the purpose of improved learning. In the study, a questionnaire, an interview and an observation were conducted in order to measure attitudes towards the selected media. Numerous theories have also been collected and then applied to the creation of an animation. Results from the study concluded that both the high school students and the teacher's attitudes were positive regarding the use of animations in the teaching of mathematics. Regarding the literature that was collected, numerous pedagogical techniques and theories were identified and applied to the animation that was included in the study.

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    Christner_Utas_C-uppsats
  • 266.
    Collman, Clara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Utvecklingen av Panoramica.se: Ett utforskande av en normkreativ designpraktik i ett webbutvecklingsprojekt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the work commissioned by design bureau Spektra Design. The task was to create a website for the Latin American Film Festival Panoramica, organized for the first time in Stockholm in September 2015. I have created the design for the website and developed the site from scratch in Wordpress. Panoramica has a vision to form a basis for a distribution and marketing network spreading Latin American film in Sweden. They want the festival to become a public face for Latin American film in Sweden and works to "promote exchanges and dialogue between different ethnic groups in Sweden by updating the range of stories from Latin America."

    A large portion of the website is its design. The design contributes to the overall impression of the site, but also if it is perceived as easy to understand or complicated. This paper examines how one can apply critical theory in a practical design process. The outcome of the work is a complete website where the focus is on film. It's easy to read about each movie, watch trailers, and create your own program. The colors and the typography is strong and distinctive and is allowed to take place, in an effort to break the Western minimalist design trend and highlight the Latin American aspects of the design.

    During the work I have come to the conclusion that breaking norms or conventions of how a web page should look like is not necessarily a must. The key is to keep asking yourself: Who is represented, who is the norm and who is the design for? These are important issues to bring into a design process even if they are difficult to answer.

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  • 267.
    Cowley, Benjamin
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kosunen, Ilkka
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Lankoski, Petri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kivikangas, J Matias
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Järvelä, Simo
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ekman, Inger
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / University of Tampere, Finland.
    Kemppainen, Jaakko
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ravaja, Niklas
    University of Helsinki, Finland / Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland / Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, Finland.
    Experience Assessment and Design in the Analysis of Gameplay2014In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826X, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 41-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report research on player modeling using psychophysiology and machine learning, conducted through interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers of computer science, psychology, and game design at Aalto University, Helsinki. First, we propose the Play Patterns And eXperience (PPAX) framework to connect three levels of game experience that previously had remained largely unconnected: game design patterns, the interplay of game context with player personality or tendencies, and state-of-the-art measures of experience (both subjective and non-subjective). Second, we describe our methodology for using machine learning to categorize game events to reveal corresponding patterns, culminating in an example experiment. We discuss the relation between automatically detected event clusters and game design patterns, and provide indications on how to incorporate personality profiles of players in the analysis. This novel interdisciplinary collaboration combines basic psychophysiology research with game design patterns and machine learning, and generates new knowledge about the interplay between game experience and design.

  • 268.
    Creutz, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Borgkvist, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Smart Hem, smart för vem?: En kvalitativ studie om varför det Smarta Hemmet inte har fått sitt förväntade genomslag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smart Homes are not smart for everyone, at least not yet. The purpose of this paper is to examine four obstacles that prevents Smart Homes from being adopted as a standard in Sweden. This paper is based on the contributions of the study “Home Automation in the Wild: Challanges and Opportunities” (Brush et al. 2011), and further investigates the obstacles the authors present in that study. Thanks to a broad use of different methods, we state that all the obstacles listed in this particular study (Brush et al. 2011) still remain, but perhaps on different terms. In the discussion part of this paper, we present a few ways to work against these obstacles and, hopefully, eliminate them. 

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    fulltext
  • 269.
    Creutz, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Borgkvist, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Unga och Brand Content på sociala medier: En studier om hur unga personer förhåller sig till Brand Content på sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project contains an analysis about how young people relate to brand content on Social media. The findings of the study have contributed to two end products that have been delivered to two different customers. The target group is between 15-24 years old and are residents in Sweden. The analysis has also included if the target group follow brands on Social media, reasons why they do, and what kind of content interests them. The report shows that age and/or gender does not correlate to how young people relate to, or consume, brand content on social media. The consumption of and relation to social media content is more dependent on aspects like the consumer’s personality and individual behaviour. From the data collected during the project we have created two different end products, one to each of the different clients.

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    fulltext
  • 270.
    Dahlberg, Ida
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Porträttering och dess betydelse för jaget: En empirisk studie om hur barn upplever bilder som delas på Instagram, där de själva är motivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children today are growing up with social media, where many are active participants on their parents’ channels. This study focus on how children experience the fact that their parents share and publish pictures featuring them on social media, primarily Instagram. The purpose of this study is therefore to understand that there are individuals behind each picture, individuals to be considered as users even though they are under the age of 13. The study is based on previous research within the field, a focus group more like a creative workshop containing children in the age of 11 and in- depth interviews with parents to explore the machinery behind the phenomenon.

    This study shows that children have strong opinions about what characterizes an image of themselves and expresses which type of images they consider acceptable to publish. At the same time, the study also shows that parents are aware of the problem, but a lack of clear frameworks for how the use should operate. It is essential to point out that it is the parents who have the right to make decisions regarding their children, but this study shows that the children’s perspective and opinions should be primary in these types of decisions. The children in the study also have a desire to be able to influence these decisions as well-defined users.

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    fulltext
  • 271.
    Dahlgren, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Swedish Environm Protect Agcy.
    Lehtilä, Kari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Tolerance to apical and leaf damage of Raphanus raphanistrum in different competitive regimes2015In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 5, no 22, p. 5193-5202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tolerance to herbivory is an adaptation that promotes regrowth and maintains fitness in plants after herbivore damage. Here, we hypothesized that the effect of competition on tolerance can be different for different genotypes within a species and we tested how tolerance is affected by competitive regime and damage type. We inflicted apical or leaf damage in siblings of 29 families of an annual plant Raphanus raphanistrum (Brassicaceae) grown at high or low competition. There was a negative correlation of family tolerance levels between competition treatments: plant families with high tolerance to apical damage in the low competition treatment had low tolerance to apical damage in the high competition treatment and vice versa. We found no costs of tolerance, in terms of a trade-off between tolerance to apical and leaf damage or between tolerance and competitive ability, or an allocation cost in terms of reduced fitness of highly tolerant families in the undamaged state. High tolerance bound to a specific competitive regime may entail a cost in terms of low tolerance if competitive regime changes. This could act as a factor maintaining genetic variation for tolerance.

  • 272.
    Dahlgren, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
    Lindqvist, Dennis
    Stockholm University.
    Dahlgren, Henrik
    Swedish Museum of Natural History.
    Asplund, Lillemor
    Stockholm University.
    Lehtilä, Kari
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Trophic transfer of naturally produced brominated aromatic compounds in a Baltic Sea food chain2016In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 144, p. 1597-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brominated aromatic compounds (BACs) are widely distributed in the marine environment. Some of these compounds are highly toxic, such as certain hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs). In addition to anthropogenic emissions through use of BACs as e.g. flame retardants, BACs are natural products formed by marine organisms such as algae, sponges, and cyanobacteria. Little is known of the transfer of BACs from natural producers and further up in the trophic food chain. In this study it was observed that total sum of methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) and OH-PBDEs increased in concentration from the filamentous red alga Ceramium tenuicorne, via Gammarus sp. and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) to perch (Perca fluviatilis). The MeO-PBDEs, which were expected to bioaccumulate, increased in concentration accordingly up to perch, where the levels suddenly dropped dramatically. The opposite pattern was observed for OH-PBDEs, where the concentration exhibited a general trend of decline up the food web, but increased in perch, indicating metabolic demethylation of MeO-PBDEs. Debromination was also indicated to occur when progressing through the food chain resulting in high levels of tetra-brominated MeO-PBDE and OH-PBDE congeners in fish, while some penta- and hexa-brominated congeners were observed to be the dominant products in the alga. As it has been shown that OH-PBDEs are potent disruptors of oxidative phosphorylation and that mixtures of different congener may act synergistically in terms of this toxic mode of action, the high levels of OH-PBDEs detected in perch in this study warrants further investigation into potential effects of these compounds on Baltic wildlife, and monitoring of their levels.

  • 273.
    Dahlquist, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Women’s Informal Entrepreneurship - A Force in Development: The Case of Babati, Tanzania2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at investigating women’s force in development through engagement in informal, small-scale entrepreneurship. During fieldwork in Babati, Tanzania, network analyses and semi-structured interviews have been conducted, capturing responsibilities, challenges and opportunities of informal women entrepreneurs. The theoretical framework centres socio-economic analyses, through development and feminist economics. Two theories, about development through capital accumulation and cumulative processes, are compared and supplemented with a gender and empowerment perspective. The results are presented through narratives, complemented with a general picture. It is concluded that informal female entrepreneurs are important in development of Babati. They face challenges due to economic, social and gender-related conditions such as lack of capital, high interest rates, poverty, lack of education, malfunctioning government, discouraging men, and increased workload from domestic responsibilities. Their complex, informal networks, based on cooperation and solidarity, are seen as a driver in development. Top-down policies that fight gender norms, empower women, and identify informal workers can improve their situation, but for these to trickle down, a bottom-up approach is required. This thesis pushes for recognising that people living in poverty contribute to economic growth and development, and that empowerment of informal women entrepreneurs is essential for a profound, pro-poor development that trickles up.

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    Matilda Dahlquist - Bachelor Thesis
  • 274.
    Dahlström, Dan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Back, Petter
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Välkommen till Stockholm: En fallstudie om samarbete inom Stockholms hotellsektor2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is, from a destination development perspective, to study the hotel sector’s collaboration with the tourism promotion agency Stockholm Visitors Board, in Stockholm.

    It is shown in this study that tourism is of great importance for the world economy, and for Sweden. Destinations, as well as corporations, are competing with each other to attract tourists. To become more competitive, the destination can, through cooperation, streamline their marketing to get all parties to pull together. Stockholm Visitors Board, who has the primary responsibility for the promotion of Stockholm, became the object under examination. Since there is a goal to increase the number of guest nights in Stockholm, the hotels in Stockholm became the second survey item.

    To answer the study's two issues, four hotels have been chosen to discuss the hotels' role in the cooperation with Stockholm Visitors Board.

    The conclusion that can be drawn from the study is that Stockholm Visitors Board did not reach out to all hotels which may be due to a lack of communication, high cost, and that many hotels do not see the benefits of cooperation.

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    Välkommen till Stockholm
  • 275.
    Dahlén, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Dahlén, Andreas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    CSR Kommunikation: En kvalitativ studie hur svenska hotell väljer att kommunicera CSR2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims at seeking a better understanding of how Swedish hotels work with CSR and what strategies the hotels apply to communicate their CSR work.

    Method: To be available to answer the purpose, the choice has been made to use a qualitative method by interviewing eight hotels t in Sweden.

    Theoretical perspective: This study has used theories consisting of CSR as concepts, advantages and disadvantages, communication strategies, social media, sustainable communication

    Result: All the interviewed hotels work to a certain extent with CSR. Most hotels do not see any major disadvantages of communicating CSR. What responsibility the hotels themselves think they have vary to a large extent. Communication is the widest possible one-way communication

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    fulltext
  • 276.
    Dalusi, Lucy
    et al.
    Amana Regional Referral Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania / University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Lyimo, Thomas J
    University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Lugomela, Charles
    University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Hosea, Ken M M
    University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Sjöling, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae identified in estuaries of Tanzania using PCR techniques2015In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, ISSN 0378-1097, E-ISSN 1574-6968, Vol. 362, no 5, article id fnv009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study assessed the occurrence of the Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O139 in environmental samples along salinity gradients in three selected estuaries of Tanzania both through culture independent methods and by cultured bacteria. Occurrence of V. cholerae was determined by PCR targeting the V. cholerae outer membrane protein gene ompW. Furthermore, the presence of toxigenic strains and serogroups O1 and O139 was determined using multiplex PCR with specific primers targeting the cholera toxin gene subunit A, ctxA, and serotype specific primers, O1-rfb and O139-rfb, respectively. Results showed that V. cholerae occurred in approximately 10% (n = 185) of both the environmental samples and isolated bacteria. Eight of the bacteria isolates (n = 43) were confirmed as serogroup O1 while one belonged to serogroup O139, the first reported identification of this epidemic strain in East African coastal waters. All samples identified as serogroup O1 or O139 and a number of non-O1/O139 strains were ctxA positive. This study provides in situ evidence of the presence of pathogenic V. cholerae O1 and O139 and a number of V. cholerae non-O1/O139 that carry the cholera toxin gene in estuaries along the coast of Tanzania.

  • 277.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    The Role of Menstruation: a Case Study amongst Women from Nakwa Village in Tanzania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates what role menstruation have for women in the village of Nakwa, Tanzania; how inadequate MHM affects the perception of women; and how menstruation is affecting the gender equality within a marriage in Nakwa. Most women in Nakwa village struggle to maintain high standards of cleanliness regarding their own Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM). This is due to many contributing factors relating to ingrained cultural beliefs that menstruation is something shameful and dirty. Most males within the household manage the finances, and menstrual hygiene products are not considered a priority, which further detaches the women from the possession of power over their own MHM. The theoretical framework used in this study is built upon two pillars, the woman as the inferior sex, and menstruation as something dirty and polluting, contributing to menstrual shame. These pillars are constructed upon two academic works; The Second Sex (1953) by Simone De Beauvoir, and Purity and Danger (1984) by Mary Douglas. Substantive previous research is accounted for to support the two pillars. Two weeks of field studies in Nakwa village during February and March 2017 included 23 individual semi-structured interviews and one group interview, with regularly menstruating married women. The results show a linkage between inadequate MHM, devaluation and inferiority of women and gender inequality. 

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    THE ROLE OF MENSTRUATION
  • 278.
    Dankemeier, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kosinska, Monika
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Viljan att komma tillbaka: En kvalitativ studie om motivation och lojalitet hos unga vuxna som återbesöker Gröna Lund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, the experience and entertainment industry overall has had strong growth and become something that is important for the current tourism in big cities. Repeatable experiences mean that there is a second-hand value of the experience and that it is possible to implement again. This means that visiting attractions, such as Gröna Lund, are places that allow visitors to experience their roller coasters and other experiences several times, which leads to more frequent visits. The intention of this study is to investigate what motivates young adults to repeatedly visit the amusement park Gröna Lund repeatedly. Interviews have been conducted with seven respondents aged 20–25 who return to Gröna Lund several times a year. An interview with Gröna Lund’s project manager at the marketing department has also been conducted. The interviewers’ answers have been analyzed along with selected theories of loyalty development, push and pull factors and the communications process. The result shows that all respondents have a loyalty to Gröna Lund and are motivated to visit the park both through the promotion of Gröna Lund on social media, but also through the products that the park offers, mainly rides and concerts. It turns out that they are also motivated to return to Gröna Lund, with family and friends, as a tradition.

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  • 279.
    Daregård Thörnqvist, Adam
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Interpretation of game sounds with personal experience and auditory literacy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns differences between two different generations of people, the younger generation born the year 2000, compared with the older generation born from the 1960s. This study compares these two groups in how they interpret sounds in video games and their affective response to them.  27 participants were gathered for the experiments and did tests in their respective group. They were asked to listen to the sounds, without discussion with each other, instead, they had to rely on their own individual personal experience from video games to answer the questions. After the sounds had been played, a discussion was held with the participants about their previous experience with video games.   The sounds used in the experiments were made from a game sound design perspective and guidelines.

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  • 280. Dasari, Bhanudas
    et al.
    Jogula, Srinivas
    Borhade, Ramdas
    Balasubramanian, Sridhar
    Chandrasekar, Gayathri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kitambi, Satish Srinivas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Karolinska Institute.
    Arya, Prabhat
    Macrocyclic Glycohybrid Toolbox Identifies Novel Antiangiogenesis Agents from Zebrafish Assay2013In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 432-435Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A practical and modular approach to obtain a diverse set of 14-membered macrocyclic compounds from carbohydrates is developed that utilizes functional groups at C-1 and C-5. The evaluation of this toolbox in various zebrafish assays led to the identification of 2.7f as an antianglogenesis agent.

  • 281.
    Davidsson Pajala, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Responsiv webbdesign: Design- och utvecklingsprocessen för skapandet av en responsiv webbsida2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the design and development process in building a responsive website. The website was created for the use of the intended game studio Rocket Lunches Studios. Wordpress has been used as a CMS (Content Management System) to simplify the updating of the website by the client themselves. The website is coded by thinking "mobile-first", which begins with the design focusing on smaller screens and then adapt the content on larger screen sizes. To make the design responsive the three components flexible grids, a flexible images / media and media query has been used, in addition to coding in HTML, CSS, PHP and JavaScript. The result of this report is a survey of the design and development process when building a responsive website. The practicality of the thesis resulted in a responsive prototype of a web page for a game studio.

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    fulltext
  • 282.
    Davidsson Pajala, Therese
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Augustin, Ansam
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Mobil applikation eller responsiv webbplats?: En studie om vilka designaspekter som är viktiga vid utökning av ett söksystem på Internet till en smartphone2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports a study in how a search service on the Internet can be completed either through a mobile application or through a responsive website, to facilitate use on a smartphone. The focus of the study is on the National Archives' search service National Archives Database (NAD), which is not currently adapted to mobile devices. Our aim is also to investigate how the attitude looks for applications and responsive websites among users and how these views differ between user groups.

    Together with data from previous research, a study was conducted to examine the pros and cons between apps and responsive websites. In our investigations we have chosen to use two methods of data collection: a quantitative web survey and semi-structured qualitative interviews, to complement each other. A total of nine interviews were conducted with three members from each of National Archives' main target groups. An online survey has also been published on the National Archives and Stockholm stadsarkivs websites.

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    Mobilapplikation_eller_responsivwebbplats?
  • 283.
    de Freitas, Andreas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Alvelöv, Timmy
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Förberedd eller inte - Vetskapen om skräck i skräckspel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the knowledge of that a game belongs to the horror genre affects the players gameplay experience and choices in the game. Ten participants were recruited for the study. First, the participants had to fill in a pre-study form to make sure that they were a part of our target group. During the data gathering the participant was informed of what kind of prototype they were about to play, either a horror prototype or a puzzle prototype. Then they proceeded to play the horror prototype. To gather the data, stimulated recall and semi-structured interviews were used. The data was analysed with an EPP-method. No significant connection were found between the play experience or the choices the player made and the type of information given beforehand to the participant. A connection were found between fear and expectations, that could be linked to knowledge of the horror.

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  • 284.
    de Vale, Filippa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Zekarias, Eden
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Turkiet efter det senaste politiska kaoset: Har detta påverkat svenskturkarnas resmönster till hemlandet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis has been to investigate whether Turkey's current political situation affects swedish-turks willingness to travel to their country of origin. A qualitative and a quantitative method have been used in this study. The theories used include, among others, B. Maslow's hierarchy of needs pyramid, Hsu et al.s Hierarchy of destination selection model and Simpson and Siguaw's theories about tourism and risk.  Surveys sent by e-mail have been carried out with thirty swedish-turks and representatives from Ving and TUI. Some of the questions that were asked to the swedish-turks regarded if they still chose to travel to Turkey even though they are aware of the country's political instability. We also asked if the lack of security in Turkey is something that concerns them or matters when choosing a destination. The authors also wondered if their ethnic background influenced the choice to travel to Turkey. The analytical part of the thesis is based on five themes found in the empirical study linked to the theoretical starting points with the purpose of investigating how the latest political chaos in Turkey has affected the swedish-turks travel habits.  We have found that the swedish-turks travel habits to Turkey have not been affected in a greater scale by the political instability. Although because of the political instability, some of them have begun to be more careful about which parts of Turkey they visit but they have not reduced the frequency of their travels to any significant extent. Only nine out of thirty swedish-turks have completely ceased to travel to Turkey and one of the survey respondents mentioned that the reason he stopped traveling there is because he does not want to contribute financially to the Turkish government as he is against their policies. Eight out of thirty of the swedish-turks found that the media portrayed the political instability in Turkey in an excessively negative way and therefore they have not let this affect their travel habits.  

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  • 285.
    Dealtry, Simone
    et al.
    Julius Kühn-Institut – Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany .
    Ding, Guo-Chun
    Julius Kühn-Institut – Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany .
    Weichelt, Viola
    Julius Kühn-Institut – Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Dunon, Vincent
    ivision of Soil and Water Management, KU Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium .
    Schlüter, Andreas
    Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec), Institute for Genome Research and Systems Biology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Martini, María Carla
    BBM (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular), CCT-CONICET-La Plata, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina .
    Papa, María Florencia Del
    IBBM (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular), CCT-CONICET-La Plata, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina .
    Lagares, Antonio
    IBBM (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular), CCT-CONICET-La Plata, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
    Amos, Gregory Charles Auton
    School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Warwick, United Kingdom .
    Wellington, Elizabeth Margaret Helen
    chool of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Warwick, United Kingdom .
    Gaze, William Hugo
    School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Warwick, United Kingdom .
    Sipkema, Detmer
    Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands .
    Sjöling, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Springael, Dirk
    Division of Soil and Water Management, KU Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium.
    Heuer, Holger
    Julius Kühn-Institut – Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany .
    van Elsas, Jan Dirk
    University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands .
    Thomas, Christopher
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwick, United Kingdom .
    Smalla, Kornelia
    Julius Kühn-Institut – Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany .
    Cultivation-Independent Screening Revealed Hot Spots of IncP-1, IncP-7 and IncP-9 Plasmid Occurrence in Different Environmental Habitats.2014In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 2, article id e89922Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IncP-1, IncP-7 and IncP-9 plasmids often carry genes encoding enzymes involved in the degradation of man-made and natural contaminants, thus contributing to bacterial survival in polluted environments. However, the lack of suitable molecular tools often limits the detection of these plasmids in the environment. In this study, PCR followed by Southern blot hybridization detected the presence of plasmid-specific sequences in total community (TC-) DNA or fosmid DNA from samples originating from different environments and geographic regions. A novel primer system targeting IncP-9 plasmids was developed and applied along with established primers for IncP-1 and IncP-7. Screening TC-DNA from biopurification systems (BPS) which are used on farms for the purification of pesticide-contaminated water revealed high abundances of IncP-1 plasmids belonging to different subgroups as well as IncP-7 and IncP-9. The novel IncP-9 primer-system targeting the rep gene of nine IncP-9 subgroups allowed the detection of a high diversity of IncP-9 plasmid specific sequences in environments with different sources of pollution. Thus polluted sites are "hot spots" of plasmids potentially carrying catabolic genes.

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  • 286.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Making competitive intelligence “social”: Current practices in four organizations2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The presented research has investigated empirically the current practices of how organizations are using CI today, and in particular what role collaboration and networking plays in such CI work processes. In particular, the investigation has examined what forms of collaborations and organizational networks are currently used in the CI work process. Four organizations have been examined as exploratory case studies. From this, a base model for social CI has been generated by extracting overall CI process characteristics from the investigated cases that relate to collaborative behavior and organizational networking. The study relies on the existing conceptual framework called the social CI framework intended for analysis and design of CI for the (socially) networking organization.

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    Making competitive intelligence “social”: Current practices in four organizations
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  • 287.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Social Competitive Intelligence: Socio-technical themes and values for the networking organization2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the notion of social competitive intelligence, meaning competitive intelligence (CI) for the networking organization. A novel socio-technical framework called the Social CI Framework (SCIF) is presented, intended for analysis and design of social CI processes, methods and tools. By using a socio-technical perspective, both social and technical aspects are considered together in SCIF. The framework is founded on theory related to enterprise 2.0 and wikinomics, and is intended to be used to study social CI using principles such as openness, participation, sharing and co-creation. The presented results are based on a literature review and an exploratory study with interviews of CI experts from Swedish organizations. SCIF explicitly distinguishes between task-oriented models and collaboration models, and models of different socio-technical perspectives. Moreover, SCIF uses the mechanisms of socio-technical themes and a socio-technical value map that relate the theoretical and empirical characteristics with the SCIF modeling method.

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    Social Competitive Intelligence: Socio-technical themes and values for the networking organization
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  • 288.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Social Competitive Intelligence: Socio-technical themes and values for the networking organization2015In: Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, ISSN 2001-015X, E-ISSN 2001-015X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 5-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This article introduces the notion of social competitive intelligence, meaning competitive intelligence (CI) for the networking organization. A novel socio-technical framework called the Social CI Framework (SCIF) is presented, intended for analysis and design of social CI processes, methods and tools. By using a socio-technical perspective, both social and technical aspects are considered together in SCIF. The framework is founded on a theory related to enterprise 2.0 and wikinomics, and is intended to be used to study social CI using principles such as openness, participation, sharing and co-creation. The presented results are based on a literature review and an exploratory study with interviews of CI experts from Swedish organizations. SCIF explicitly distinguishes between task-oriented models and collaboration models, and models of different socio-technical perspectives. Moreover, SCIF uses the mechanisms of socio-technical themes and a socio-technical value map that relate the theoretical and empirical characteristics with the SCIF modeling method.

  • 289.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hermansson, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    CoCI: Collaborative support of social competitive intelligence2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the presented work has been to investigate how the existing concept of social CI can be used to support collaborative CI networks. A novel socio-technical solution CoCI consisting of a work method and tool have been designed for a scenario with an internal network of collaborative competitive intelligence (CI). The CoCI work method suggests using agile, freeform collaboration through an informal organizational network. A distinction is made between the roles of network coordinators, contributors, clients and receivers. The work style follows regular temporal iterative loops, or sprints, each one ending in some form of intelligence outcome. The CoCI tool supports collaborative daily work with reading, commenting and classifying incoming material, where the actions of the network members are visible to each other. Furthermore, the CoCI tool supports having meetings using the tool where incoming material from the sprint is reviewed and a report is created. In the evaluation of the tool, the dimensions engagement, collaboration and community had high scores. In contrast, the dimension simplicity was less satisfactory. Four design patterns for social CI could be extracted based on the strong points of the evaluation: social selection, individual/collective box, real-time engagement and collaborative enhancement. The low score on simplicity will be investigated further, but indicates how crucial it is for social features to be intuitive in order to avoid making the overall solution too complex.

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    CoCI: Collaborative support of social competitive intelligence
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  • 290.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences.
    Rural Wikinomics: Communication, Sharing and Value CoCreating – Social Technologies and Rural Development2016In: Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen and Ursula Hård, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 45-46Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decades a great effort for rural development policies in Sweden has been to find windows of opportunity for the future, to promote new types of enterprises, to support farm and firm diversification, to identify novel business models and in general promote growth. But while many concrete measures have focused on lowering the entry barriers to the market and support the supply side of the rural economy, a glimpse on the emerging technological paradigm, e.g. internet based development and social technologies, indicates that new solutions are possible. In this article we address the following question: Can Alternative Food Networks (AFNs) in combination with social technologies promote rural entrepreneurship and economic growth?   

  • 291.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå university.
    More Media, More People: On Social & Multimodal Media Intelligence2017In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 54-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to address some challenges facing media intelligence in general, and competitive intelligence in particular within an altered information landscape. To understand this new situation, the notion of social and multimodal media intelligence are introduced. With cases taken primarily from the Swedish media intelligence sector, we argue that data driven media intelligence today needs to pay increasing attention to new forms of (A.) crowd-oriented and (B.) multimedia-saturated information. As a subcategory of media intelligence, competitive intelligence refers to the gathering of publicly available information about an organisation or a company’s competitors—using it to gain business advantages. Traditionally such intelligence has implied a set of techniques and tools that transforms numerical or textual data into useful information for business analysis. Today, however, we argue that such techniques need to consider media alterations in both a social and multimodal direction. Our analysis hence offers a conceptual understanding of a rapidly evolving field, were methods used within media intelligence need to change as well. By presenting some findings from the so called CIBAS-project, we describe how Swedish organisations and companies rely on social networking structures and individual decision making as a means to increase rapid response and agile creativity. If competitive intelligence was traditionally based on insights gleaned from statistical methods, contemporary media analytics are currently faced with audiovisual data streams (sound, video, image)—often with a slant of sociality. Yet, machine learning of other media modalities than text poses a number of technical hurdles. In this article we use fashion analytics as a final case in point, taken from a commercial sector where visual big data is presently in vogue.

  • 292.
    Deilert, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Satir, Melis
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Icehotel: Resan du minns!2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study examines how the company Icehotel works with marketing and what attracts tourists to visit this tourist attraction. We have chosen to study and research closely on the five human senses, which consists sight, sound, smell, taste and touch.

    Methodology: The chosen method for this study is that of qualitative method. We have conducted a participatory observation on the destination in order to get a deeper understanding of how the five senses are affected. The empirical data consists of information that we have received by email- and qualitative interviews. In the study seven respondents have answered our interview questions. In the analysis section emerges a discussion of our observation and our own thoughts on the study. 

    Theory: We have used five theoretical frameworks, as well as one theoretical model from this study. Our theories include, Sensory Marketing, Destination Marketing, Consumer Culture, Image and Word of mouth. The model is called, “The sensory experiences”

    Findings: In this study about the Icehotel, we came to a conclusion that a marketing strategy with a focus on the five senses can be beneficial for businesses. Sensory marketing is currently an unknown concept. If more entrepreneurs are informed about its impact, they will perhaps apply it. By applying the five senses to their marketing strategies, businesses' images can improve. Hence, raise guests and 'day visitors' overall experiences.

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    Icehotel
  • 293.
    Delden, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Persson, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    The digital nudge: A study of the design principles in digital nudging and it´s presence on ascendant online stores2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital nudging is a relatively new phenomenon that is increasingly mentioned and demanded in human-computer interaction. The concept originates from behavioral economics and aims to help individuals make better decisions that are beneficial to the individual as well as the society, by making subtle changes to the environment in which the decision is made. Nudging implies to pushing people in the right direction and affecting them in different types of decision making. Digital nudging aims at applying the user interface design element to guide people's decisions in digital environments. This thesis presents a study of digital nudging in the form of the six design principles in the user interface of e-commerce sites through the method cognitive walkthrough. It is based on theories of mainly digital nudging but also persuasive design and user experience with connections to psychological aspects. The conclusion of the study has shown that principles in digital nudging exists in e-stores interfaces. The study aims to develop frameworks for an alternative way of implementing digital nudging and to contribute to more knowledge in the field.

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    fulltext
  • 294.
    Denise, Eriksson
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Erika, Thunstedt
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Big Data – data med stor påverkan i det vardagliga livet: En fallstudie kring hur individen påverkas av Big Data i sin vardagliga kommunikation och interaktion på sociala medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, it has become a natural part of life for many people to share personal information and turn to search engines and social media as they search and seek information on the internet. This study aims to investigate how individuals are affected by Big Data in their interactions with social media and to understand how individuals relate to personalization of Big Data, digital identity, agency and how they share their own personal data. This has been researched through a case study involving qualitative interviews and experiments. The result of the research shows that personalization of Big Data on social media has an impact on individuals in their ever yday lives. The research from this case study shows a certain negative attitude towards personalization on social media and that there is so me awareness of the companies agency on the internet, this does not affect individuals in taking any actions. This leads to the conclusion that personalization is to some extent a desired function.

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    fulltext
  • 295.
    Dew, K. N.
    et al.
    University of Washington, USA.
    Landwehr Sydow, Sophie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Stockholm University.
    Rosner, D. K.
    University of Washington, USA.
    Thayer, A.
    Immersive Experiences Lab of HP Labs.
    Jonsson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Producing Printability: Articulation Work and Alignment in 3D Printing2019In: Human-Computer Interaction, ISSN 0737-0024, E-ISSN 1532-7051, Vol. 34, no 5-6, p. 433-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three-dimensional printing is widely celebrated as enabling open design and manufacturing practice. With easy-to-use techniques such as automated modeling, fabrication machines ostensibly help designers turn ideas into fully fledged objects. Prior HCI literature focuses on improving printing through optimization and by developing printer and material capabilities. This paper expands such considerations by asking, how do 3D printing practitioners understand and create “printability?” And how might HCI better support the work that holds together printing workflows and changing ecosystems of materials and techniques? We conducted studies in two sites of open design: a technology firm in Silicon Valley, California and a makerspace in Stockholm, Sweden. Deploying workshops and interviews, we examine how practitioners negotiate the print experience, revealing a contingent process held together by trial and error exploration and careful interventions. These insights point to the value of tools and processes to support articulation work, what Strauss and colleagues have called the acts of fitting together people, tasks, and their ordering to accomplish an overarching project. We show that despite the sought-after efficiencies of such manufacturing, 3D printing entails articulation work, particularly acts of alignment, exposing messy modes of production carried out by a varied cast of practitioners, machines, and materials.

  • 296.
    Dick, Jan
    et al.
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, UK.
    Verweij, Peter
    Earth Informatics, Alterra, Wageningen-UR, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Carmen, Esther
    Earth Informatics, Alterra, Wageningen-UR, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Laboratory of Geo-Information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Andrews, Christopher
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, UK.
    Testing the ecosystem service cascade framework and QUICKScan software tool in the context of land use planning in Glenlivet Estate Scotland2017In: International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, ISSN 2151-3732, E-ISSN 2151-3740, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 12-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ecosystem services has been extensively studied in recent decades. Most studies have focused on describing the specific aspects such as production, spatial extent, valuation of services and the trade-off between services. Few studies however assess the practitioners? views on the frameworks, models or tools developed. In this paper, we report on a multi-stakeholder workshop where two tools were tested (i) the ecosystem service cascade framework was tested as a means to frame the issues and (ii) a participatory-spatial modelling method, QUICKScan, was tested as an aid to support discussion over natural resource management and planning in a multi-use landscape. A focused group discussion was utilised to determine stakeholders? views of the cascade framework and pre- and post-workshop questionnaires quantified the stakeholders? views of the QUICKScan method. The stakeholders identified both positive and negative aspects of both tools. The diversity of views expressed were associated with (i) the past experience of the individual with the issues discussed, (ii) the technical aspects of the tools i.e. the ability with GIS and (iii) the level of new shared knowledge they reported acquiring on the day which was related to their initial knowledge of the issue and area studied.

  • 297.
    Dicks, Lynn
    et al.
    University of East Anglia, UK .
    Haddaway, Neil
    Stockholm Research Institute.
    Hernández-Morcillo, Monica
    Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany.
    Mattsson, Brady
    University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Randall, Nicole
    Harper Adams University, UK.
    Failler, Pierre
    University of Portsmouth, UK.
    Ferretti, Johanna
    Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Germany.
    Livoreil, Barbara
    FRB, France.
    Saarikoski, Heli
    SYKE.
    Santamaria, Luis
    Spanish Research Council, Spain.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Velizarova, Emiliya
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria.
    Wittmer, Heidi
    UFZ.
    Knowledge synthesis for environmental decisions: an evaluation of existing methods, and guidance for their selection, use and development : a report from the EKLIPSE project2017Report (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 298.
    Diduck, Alan P.
    et al.
    University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada.
    Raymond, Christopher M.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Moquin, Robert
    University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada.
    Boerchers, Morrissa
    University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada.
    Pathways of learning about biodiversity and sustainability in private urban gardens2020In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 63, no 6, p. 1056-1076Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature-based solutions directed at improving biodiversity, on both public and private land, can provide multiple benefits, but many of these benefits are not being fully realised. One reason is the normative and cognitive disconnect between people and nature, highlighting the need for new learning programs to foster better nature connections. More is known about learning in the context of community gardens than in relation to private gardens. Using semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis, this study explores learning among residents engaged in home gardening for biodiversity in Winnipeg, Canada. We uncovered diverse and interconnected learning processes/activities founded on formative childhood experiences. The processes/activities were non-formal and informal, and included individual, social and blended experiences. Learning outcomes were also mutually influencing and multi-levelled, comprising normative, cognitive/behavioural and relational changes. The results support an analytical framework suggesting how learning-focused initiatives can enhance biodiversity on private property and aid in delivery of nature-based solutions.

  • 299.
    Dionisi, Hebe
    et al.
    Patagonian Natl Res Ctr CENPAT CONICET, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Matos, Marina
    Patagonian Natl Res Ctr CENPAT CONICET, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Anselmino, Luciano
    Patagonian Natl Res Ctr CENPAT CONICET, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Lozada, Mariana
    Patagonian Natl Res Ctr CENPAT CONICET, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Mac Cormack, Walter
    Argentinean Antarctic Inst, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina / Natl Univ Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Carroll, Jolynn
    Univ Tromsö, N-9001 Tromsö, Norway / Akvaplan Niva AS, FRAM High North Res Ctr Climate & Environm, Tromsö, Norway.
    Lundgren, Leif
    Stockholm University.
    Sjöling, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Chavarria, Krystle
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Labs, Berkeley, CA USA.
    Henrissat, Bernard
    Ctr Natl Rech Sci, Marseille, France.
    Jansson, Janet
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Labs, Berkeley, CA USA.
    Mining alginate lyases in sediment metagenomes from four geographically distant cold coastal environments2014In: New Biotechnology, ISSN 1871-6784, E-ISSN 1876-4347, Vol. 31, p. S69-S70Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Diring, Ellinor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Arkivering av företagskunders grafiska riktlinjer: Design och utveckling av en arkivwebbsida med responsiv design2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the process of developing a user-friendly and responsive archive website. The website is a Hi-fi prototype and was created for the company JG Communications, to serve as an archive for their customers’ style guidelines. To create this website I have used HTML5 and CSS3 to make it responsive for various computer screens. I have also used PHP and some JavaScript to make some of the functions and Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator to make design elements for the prototype. The main purpose with this project was to come up with a design and most of all to come up with how the site should function. I have done user tests combined with interviews, content analysis on JG Communications website, and applied various design methods when building and designing the website.

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    fulltext
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